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Патент USA US3090543

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May 21, 1963
J. J. CLAEYS ETAL
DRAPERY PLEATING DEVICE
Filed March 21 ,
1961
3,090,533
United States Patent 0
3,090,533
Patented May 21, 1963
2
1
length of stitching sewn into the material to form the
pleats. The secondary slots 30 and 32 are of a similar
3,090,533
DRAPERY PLEATING DEVICE
Julian J. Claeys, 24030 Deanhnrst, and Lillian Beatrice
gfiallalcis, 2.4040 Deanhurst, both of St. Clair Shores,
c
.
Filed Mar. 21, 1961, Ser. No. 97,305
4 Claims. (Cl. 223-35)
This invention relates to a device for measuring and
shape, but are preferably slightly smaller than the slots
18 and 20‘. The provision of different size slots facili
tates the use of the device in that the user can easily see
at a glance which slots perform the desired operation. In
the drawings the slots 30 vand 32 are shown as having their
open ends opening through the same edge of the sheet 12
as the open ends 22 and 24 of slots 18 and 20.
However,
forming pleats in drapery material and the like.
10 as is readily apparent, the position of slots 30 and 32 may
be reversed, with their open ends opening through the
A principal object of the device is the provision of a
opposite edge of sheet 12. Interposed between the closed
template for measuring and spacing pleats in drapes,
ends of slots 30 and 32 is an aperture 34, positioned equi
which template has a plurality of slots therein through
which the drapery material may be inserted to measure
distant from the closed ends of the slots.
The purpose
both the size of individual pleats and the spacing between 15 for which the aperture 34 is used will more fully appear
adjacent pleats, whereby the pleats and the spacing be
tween pleats will be uniform throughout the drapery
material.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a
hereinafter.
.
Thus it will be seen from FIG. 1 that the spaced-apart
slots 18, 20, 30 and 32 form arms in the sheet. The two
arms 36 and 38 formed by the primary slots 18 and 20
template for measuring pleats in drapes and the like, 20 are of a width equal to the width of the pleats in the drape.
The central arm 40 is narrower than the arms 36 and 38,
wherein the drapery material may be positioned in the
and is utilized in making pinch pleats, as is more fully
slots of the template, and the pleat sewn into the material
hereinafter described. The width of arms 42 and 44 is
while so positioned, obviating the necessity of marking
‘relatively unimportant, the crucial dimension being the
the material preparatory to its being sewn.
A further object is the provision of a template for meas 25 distance between slots 18 and 20, which determines the
uring drapery pleats which has additional means thereon
to facilitate the sewing of pinch pleats once the main pleat
has been measured and sewn.
Other objects, advantages, and meritorious features will
spacing between adjacent pleats.
FIGS. 2 through 7 show how the template 10 is used to
make pleats in drapery material. In forming the ?rst
pleat the panel of material is folded in the center with the
more fully appear from the speci?cation, claims, and ac 30 wrong sides of the material together.
The arm 36 of tem
plate 10 is then inserted between the two thicknesses of .
companying drawings wherein:
material with the side edge 14 engaging the center fold,
The arm 36 is then pushed down be
‘FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the pleating device
tween the layers of material until the top edge 46 of the
showing the drapery material being inserted into the de 35 material abuts the closed end 26 of slot 118, and the two
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a drapery pleating device em
bodying the invention;
as shown in FIG. 2.
vice to measure the initial pleat;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view similar to ‘FIG. 2 showing
the initial pleat in position to be sewn;
layers of material sewn together within slot 18, as at 48
in FIG. 3. A sewing machine foot is indicated at 50‘ posi
FIG. 4 is a plan view showing the drapery material
positioned in the device preparatory to sewing a pleat
spaced to the right of the initial pleat;
,
FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing the drapery ma
‘
terial positioned in the device preparatory to sewing a
pleat spaced to the left of the initial pleat;
FIG. 6 is a perspective View showing one pleat posi 45
tioned in the device being gathered and sewn to form a
tioned to sew the center pleat 52 into the material.
How
ever, the sewing may be done by hand if desired, the im
portant consideration being that the seam is sewn within
,the slot 20. The template is then removed from the ?n—v
ished pleat.
'
Once the ?rst pleat has been sewn in the center of
the panel of material as described above, the pleats to the
right of center are sewn.
The left arm 38 of the tem
plate is inserted in the ?nished pleat 52 positioned so that
pinch pleat; and
the seam 48 is visible within slot 20. The material to the
‘FIG. 7 is a partial cross-sectional view taken along line
right of seam 48 is then passed under the arms 44, 40
7—7 of FIG. 6.
and 42 and drawn through the slot 18, over arm 36,
Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 shows a drapery 50 tightly around edge 14 and thence back under arm 36.
pleating device or template “10, which is made out of a
The method of inserting the template to sew the pleats to
?at sheet ‘12. The sheet .12 may be somewhat ?exible
the right of the center pleat is shown in FIG. 4. When
perpendicular to the plane of the sheet, but should be rigid
the material is in position the pleats are secured by sewing
enough so that no deformation will occur along the plane
a seam within the slot 18. This procedure is repeated
of the sheet 12. A sheet of light metal such as aluminum 55 until all pleats to the right of the center pleat have been
or the like has been found to be most satisfactory. The
sewn. With the seam of the ?nished pleat positioned to
sheet 112 is preferably rectangular, but in any event the
be visible within slot 20, when the material is engaged by
edges 14 and 16 should be parallel to each other, for
the template as described above, the distance between ad
reasons that will become apparent ‘from the following
jacent pleats is equal to the distance between slot 20 and
description. A ?rst or primary pair of slots 18 and 20 60 slot 18. Thus uniform spacing between adjacent pleats is
in the sheet 12 have open ends 22 and 24 opening through
insured by following the above procedure.
one side of the sheet 12 and closed ends 26 and 28 spaced
In sewing pleats to the right of center, each completed
from an opposite side of the sheet.
A second or sec
pleat is positioned over arm 38, with the sewn seam vis
ondary pair of slots ‘30 and 32 in the sheet 12 are simlarly
ible in slot 20, as described, with the right side of the ma
shaped to the primary slots =18 and 20 and are positioned 65 terial facing the person sewing the pleat. In sewing pleats
in between the primary slots. All of the slots have side
to the left of the center pleat, the material must be re
edges which are parallel to each other.
versed, with the wrong side of the material facing the
The primary slots 18 and 20 lie parallel to the side edges
person making the pleats. To sew the ?rst pleat left of
14 and 16 and are spaced respectively therefrom, a dis
center, the material is turned over, and the center pleat
tance equal to the width of each pleat that is to be sewn
52 positioned over arm 38, with that portion of ma
into the material. The longitudinal dimension of the
terial into which pleats have already been sewn put off
primary slots 18 and 20 is equal to or greater than the
to the left of the template as indicated at 54 in FIG.
3,090,533
3
4
5. The remaining material is then passed under the tem
What is claimed is:
plate, upwardly around edge 14, and is inserted down
1. A device for making pleats in drapery material
wardly through slot 18, as shown in FIG. 5. When the
and the like comprising a ?at sheet member of rectangu
top' edge '46 of the material engages the closed end of
lar con?guration; a ?rst pair of parallel slots in said
slot 18, the pleat is formed by sewing a seam within the 5 ‘sheet having open ends opening through one edge of the
slot 18. Similar uniformly spaced pleats are sewn to the
sheet and closed' ends spaced from an opposite edge of
left of 'the center pleat 52 by inserting the arm 38 of the
the ‘sheet, said ?rst pair of slots being parallel to the two
template within'the last completed pleat, positioning the
remaining edges of said sheet, each of such ?rst pair of
slots spaced from its respective adjacent edge a prede
material as above described, and sewing a seam within
slot 18. Use of the device 10 to form and space pleats
in drapery material and the like gives excellent results.
termined distance to de?ne an-arm around which said
material may be folded embracing the arm to form a
Each individual “pleat made is identical to' the other
pleat, said ?rst pair of slots being spaced from each other
pleats; the spacing‘ between adjacent pleats is always
equal; and the portions of material remaining adjacent
opposite-edges of the piece of material are equal.
a distance greater than the ‘spacing between either slot.
and the respective adjacent edge of ‘the sheet; a second
pair of parallel slots insaid sheet having open ends open
Whenpleats have been sewn in the drapery material en
tirely along the top‘edge 46 'of the material, it may be de
sired vto make ru?ies in the individual pleats. These are
from an opposite edge of the sheet, said second pair of
slots spaced from each other a predetermined. distance
ing through one edge of the sheet and closed ends spaced '
commonly known as “pinch pleats” and are indicated gen
' le‘ssthan the distance each of said ?rst pair of slots is
erally by numeral 56 in FIGS. 6 and 7. The arm 40 and 20 spaced from its‘ respective ‘adjacent edge; and an aper
the aperture 34 are provided to facilitate the making of
ture in said sheet adjacent the closed ends‘ of ‘said second
the' pinch pleats 56'. As theoperation will be the same
pair of slots and positioned centrally therebetween.
for making ru?‘les in. each of the pleats, it will be de—
2; The invention as de?ned in claim 1 characterized
in that said slots have‘longitudinally extending side edges
scribed in reference to the center pleat 52. The pinch
pleat/shown in the, drawings-is shown as having three 25 which are parallel to 'each other.
folds, but the pleat could be folded only twice if a two
3. The invention as de?ned in claim'l characterized
in that said second pairof slots are dimensionally smal
fold pinch' pleat were desired. To form. the pinch pleat
ler than said ?rst pair of slots.
56 within a main'pleat such as the center pleat- 52, the
4. A method of forming and sewing uniformly spaced
arm 40 is inserted into thevpleat 52, with the top end 46 -
of the'ma'te'rial engaging‘the closed ends of the'slots 30 30 pleats in. drapery material and the-like employing a pleat
ing device having a pair of similarly dimensioned and
and 32. The pleat 52 is positioned so that 'the seam of
shaped, parallel, spaced-apart arms, comprising: folding
the pleat 52 is‘ visible within the aperture 34. As the
said
material upon'itself; inserting one of said arms be
aperture 34 is positioned equidistant from the closed ends
tween'the layers of material with an edge of saidarm en
of slots 30"and 32,3 this assures ‘that the pinch pleat will
gaging said fold line; sewing the layers of material to
be substantially in the center of main pleat 52. The ma 35 gether along ‘said arm' at an opposite edge thereof from
terial overlying arm 40 ‘is then pinched ‘up tightly around
said fold line to form a pleat; with one of said arms po
the arm 40, and thepinch pleat‘ folded into the ma
sitioned within said formed pleat, folding said material
terial and held by the ?ngers of the person making the
around the remaining arm‘ embracing the arm; sewing the
pleats. The pinch pleat 56 may then be secured by 40 layers of material together along said remaining arm at
stitching‘the folds together, as shown at 58 in FIG. 6;
the edge thereof adjacent said ?rst mentioned arm to
Similar pinch pleats may be formed in the remaining.
form a second pleat; and successively repeating the above
pleats by repeating the above procedure. .
steps.
As is- obvious from an examination of the drawings, the
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
device 10 shown in FIG. 1 could‘ be turned over, 45
disposing edge- 14' to- the left and edge-16 to" the right of
UNITED STATES‘PATENTS
the- drawing; The'sheet 12 would appear exactly the
672,487
Menahan ____________ __ Apr.’ 23, 1901
same'from‘ the other side, and thus it makes no differ
1,166,174
Bisbec _______________ __ Dec. 28, 1915
ence which side the user'may ‘choose toposition‘ facing
2,805,007
Aschbacher ___________ __ Sept. 3, 1957
upwardly.
50
2,849,773
Kaselow ,_ ____________ __ Sept. 2, 1958
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