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Патент USA US3091074

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May 28, 1963
J. G. E. HILLMAN
3,091,064
APPARATUS FOR FILLING TRAYS WITH CIGARETTES OR
ARTICLES 0F SUBSTANTIALLY THE SAME SHAPE
Filed Feb. 2, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
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May 28, 1963
J. G. E. HILLMAN
3,091,054
APPARATUS FOR FILLING TRAYS WITH CIGARETTE-‘S 0R
ARTICLES OF‘ SUBSTANTIALLY THE SAME SHAPE
Filed Feb. 2, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
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May 28, 1963
J. G. E. HILLMAN
3,091,054
APPARATUS FOR FILLING TRAYS WITH CIGARETTES 0R
ARTICLES OF‘ SUBSTANTIALLY .THE SAME SHAPE
Filed Feb. 2, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
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May 28, 1963
Flled Feb
2
J. G. E. HILLMAN
3,091,064
APPARATUS FOR FILLING TRAYS WITH CIGARETTES OR
ARTICLES OF SUBSTANTIALLY THE SAME SHAPE
1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
Maya/ah
/
May 28, 1963
J. G. E. HILLMAN
3,991,054
APPARATUS FOR FILLING TRAYS WITH CIGARETTES 0R
ARTICLES OF SUBSTANTIALLY THE SAME SHAPE
Filed Feb. 2, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
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MM; Miyj/WM ‘kg/‘m
ATTQQ/VEVS
United States Patent 0 rice
3,91,064
Patented May 28, 1963
1
2
3,091,064
siliently against edges of the slots, whereby the spring
plates are deformed and stressed.
APPARATUS FOR FILLING TRAYS WITH CIGA
RETTES 0R ARTICLES OF SUBSTANTIALLY THE
SANIE SHAPE
Further according to the invention there is provided
cigarette-collecting apparatus as speci?ed, wherein a stack
James George Edward Hillman, Deptford, London, Eng
of cigarettes is lowered by a platform to a position from
which the cigarettes can be pushed into an adjacent tray,
London, England, a British company
and wherein the platform is spaced from the tray, said
Filed Feb. 2, 1961, Ser. No. 86,660
apparatus comprising a bridge arranged to be moved into
Claims priority, application Great Britain Feb. 9, 1960
and out of a bridging position between the platform and
6 Claims. (Cl. 53—148)
10 the tray to bridge the gap between them prior to the trans
This invention concerns improvements in apparatus for
fer of cigarettes into the tray, the movements of said
?lling trays with cigarettes or articles of substantially the
bridge into and out of said position being actuated by
same shape.
movements of the platform to and from its lowermost
land, assignor to Molins Machine Company Limited,
position respectively.
Apparatus for ?lling trays with cigarettes is known in
which cigarettes are ?rst collected as a substantially rec
15
tangular stack in superimposed rows and the whole stack
of cigarettes is thereafter transferred by a pusher into a
tray of suitable shape. The trays each have a base and
The bridge may be carried on pivoted arms which are
caused to swing, so as to carry the bridge into the said
bridging position, by engagement between an element con
nected to the bridge and a further element connected to
said platform, during movement of the platform to its
will be termed “cigarette-collecting apparatus as speci 20 lowermost position. The apparatus may comprise a
?ed.” One example of such apparatus is disclosed in
roller connected to the platform and a cam member con
United States patent speci?cation No. 2,919,529.
nected to the bridge and having a cam surface arranged
Other trays are known in which cigarettes are some
to be engaged by said roller on downward movement of
the platform.
times directly collected by di?erent known apparatus, and
such trays have slotted end walls to permit a guide plate 25
Apparatus in accordance with the invention will be de
to pass through as the trays move along endwise during
scribed with reference to the accompanying drawings, in
which:
the ?lling operation. Large numbers of these slotted
trays are in use, and the purpose of the present invention
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a typical slotted
tray.
is to adapt apparatus of the kind ?rst mentioned so that
slotted trays can be successfully used with said apparatus. 30
FIGURE 2 is a plan view of such a tray arranged for
According to the invention there is provided cigarette
?lling by transfer of a mass of cigarettes thereinto by
means of a pusher.
collecting apparatus as speci?ed, comprising ?ller mem
bers movable to enter the slots in the end walls of a slot
FIGURE 3 is a front elevation partly in section of parts
of a tray ?lling apparatus,
ted tray, and having surfaces which, when the ?ller mem
bers are in the slots, act to guide cigarettes being pushed 35
FIGURE 4 is a view of the left-hand part of FIGURE
two end walls and if desired a rear wall. Such apparatus
into the said tray, and means to move the said members
3 partly in section and with some parts in a different
into the slots before cigarettes start to enter the tray.
The said ?ller members may be carried by pivoted levers
position,
able lengthwise relatively to the levers, means being pro:
FIGURE 7 is a side elevation of FIGURE 6 looking
in the direction of the arrow B,
FIGURE 8 is a plan view of part of FIGURE 7 and
FIGURE 5 is a view of FIGURE 3 in the direction of
arranged to be swung at suitable times so as to carry the
the arrow A and shows some further parts,
40
said members into and out of the said slots.
FIGURE 6 is a view taken from the same standpoint
The said ?ller members may be loosely attached to the
as FIGURE 5, showing a modi?ed construction, and
partly in section,
levers, e.g. by pin and slot connections, so as to be mov
vided to raise the ?ller members to a level higher than
that of the bases of the tray slots, and to release the ?ller
members when the latter have entered the slots, so as to
permit the ?ller members to rest on the said bases. The
movements of the ?ller members into and out of the slots
may be imparted by means actuated by movements of a
platform on which a stack of cigarettes is collected prior 50
partly in section.
Referring ?rst to FIGURE 1 the tray 1 shown has large
‘slots 2 in its end walls because such trays normally move
along endwise, as indicated by the arrow, and cigarettes
are delivered into the tray by a sloping guide leading down
from the catcher band of a cigarette machine. The guide
is ?xed and therefore the ends of the tray have to be slot
ted so that the trays can pass by. It will be appreciated
to transfer into a tray, the platform being arranged to
descend to a position at which the cigarettes are pushed
therefrom into the tray, and to ascend after the cigarettes
have been pushed therefrom.
that such a tray is not well adapted for the transfer of a
The apparatus may include a bridge arranged to be 55 mass of cigarettes into it by bodily movement of the mass
by a pusher 3, FIGURE 2, because the cigarette ends at
moved into and out of a position between the platform
and a tray so as to bridge a gap between them, the move
the edge of the mass are liable to catch on the far edges
of the slots, that is, on the inner edges of the members 4
of the tray, FIGURES 1, 2 and ‘3, and not only would
.downward movement of the platform by an element on
one of them engaging a cam surface on the other of them, 60 such cigarettes be ruined but the whole trayfull would
be useless until the defective cigarettes had ‘been removed
and wherein the movements of the bridge into and out of
by a long and tedious operation.
the said position are utilised to effect movement of the
said ?lling members into and out of the slots of a tray.
To overcome this disadvantage means are provided, in
The levers carrying the ?ller members may be arranged
accordance with the present invention, for temporarily
ment of the bridge into said position being effected on
to be swung, so as to move the ?lling members into the 65 ?lling the slots while the cigarettes are being transferred,
and these means will now be described.
said slots, by engagement of members connected to said
levers by members connected to the said bridge. The
return movements of the said levers may be effected by
The apparatus about to be described includes mech
anism which is basically similar to the apparatus fully de
springs. The apparatus may comprise spring plates at
scribed and illustrated in- United States patent speci?ca
tached to the ?lling members and arranged partially to 70 tion No. 2,919,529, and which will therefore be only
brie?y described here. Cigarettes are fed down through a
enter tray slots with said members, while pressing re
3,091,084
4 v
chamber 40, FIGURE 5, inthe manner described in said
speci?cation and are supported on a platform 5, which
is shown in FIGURE 5 at its lowest position, but which
moves upwards from the position shown in FIGURE 5
to a position about level with the top of the pusher 3 to
receive cigarettes, and down again as cigarettes continue
to be fed downwards. When the platform is approaching
its lower position the supply of cigarettes is cut off by a
row of needles 6, which move into the position shown in
33 which are pivoted in brackets 34 ?xed to further
brackets 35 which are ?xed to a plate 36.
The lower end of each pin 33 has a lever 37 clamped to
it whereby the pins maybe rotated through a small angle
so that the plates as can move into and out of the slots in
the trays. This movement can be easily followed from
FIGURE 8, in which one of the plates is shown inside a
slot.
'
The bridge -8 is supported by levers 9 pivoted at 10, as
FIGURE 5 and pierce the ends of an aligned row of 10 before, and is oscillated by the roller 12 and a spring (not
shown) the roller engaging the cam 14- as the platform 5
soon as all cigarettes beneath the row of needles have
moves down. A pivot bracket 38‘ is ?xed to the bridge 8,
passed'down with the'moving platform another platform
as best shown in FIGURE 8, and in a fork of the bracket
7 is' moved into the position shown in FIGURE 5 to en
there is pivoted at 39 a boss 41 to which is ?xed a bent
sure that any cigarettes not properly held by the needles 15 tail 41A, the two parts constituting a lever. The lever
are prevented from falling on to the mass supported by
is able to pivot slightly with respect to the bridge by com
the platform 5. This is desirable because just after the
pressing a strong spring 42 but it may be regarded as a
cigarettes, and these support the mass above them. As
platform 5 reaches its lowest position the cigarettes are
virtually ?xed part of the bridge. As the bridge moves
pushed off it by the pusher 3 and any falling cigarettes
inwards (towards the position in which it is shown in
might be injured. Once the cigarettes have been moved 20 FIGURE 8) to span the aforesaid gap, the part 41A will
off the platform 5v the latter rises again to its top posi
press on the lever 37 and swing the ?lling plate 30 into the
tray slot as shown in FIGURE 8. The horizontaledge
tion, the platform 7 and needles 6 are retracted and the
?lling operation is repeated. The mechanism for ac
of the slot is marked 42 in FIGURE 7 where it will be
mating the platform 5, pusher 3, pins 6 and plate 7 are as
seen to be in contact with a curved spring 44. This
25 spring constitutes an extension of the plate 30, being
described in the above-mentioned speci?cation.
The pusher 3 transfers the cigarette mass to the tray
clamped between the plate and a. block 45, FIGURES 6
1, FIGURE 5, and then returns to the position shown.
and 7. The inward movement of the ?ller plate has
A bridge block 8 is attached at each end to ya lever 9
caused this spring to curl in the manner shown, but when
pivoted at 10 and pulled by a spring 11. The bridge 8
unstressed the spring is of much larger radius. The re
is moved into its position where it spans the gap between 30 action of the spring when pressure on the lever 37 is re
the platform 5 and the tray, by a roller 12 attached to the
laxed is sufficient to movethe ?lling plate 30 and lug 31
platform 5 and which presses on a cam block 14, as the
platform approaches its lowest position, and moves the
lever 9. Advantage is taken of the bridge movements
to operate further mechanism which is about to be de 35
scribed. The bridge is movable to span the gap while the
back to the inoperative position.
v
' What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by
Letters Patent is:
'
1. Cigarette collecting apparatus for use with slotted
trays, comprising ?ller plates movable to enter and ?ll the
cigarettes are pushed into ‘the tray and then moves back
to avoid any risk of cigarettes being rubbed when the tray
slots in the end walls of a slotted tray, and having surfaces
which, when the ?ller plates are in the slots, are substan
tially flush with interior surfaces of said end walls at one
Attached to the block ,8 is a roller 15 which presses on 40 side of the slots and diverge toward the other sides of the
moves.
'
an inclined plate 16 and causes it to rise. ' This plate, see
slots to provide a converging guide for cigarettes pushed
FIGURES 3 and 4, is'part of a bell-crank lever compris
into the said tray so as to enter the wide end of the con
ing a lever 17 pivoted at 18 and a further lever 19‘, which
verging guide, and means to move the said plates into
has'yloosely attached thereto a ?lling plate 21} which effec
the slots'before the cigarettes enter the tray.
2. Cigarette collecting apparatus according to claim 1
tively ?lls one tray slot when in proper position. The 45
parts just described are duplicated at the other end of
in which pivoted levers rcarry said ?ller, plates and means
are provided to swing said levers at suitable times to
FIGURE 3, and from FIGURE 2 it will be seen that the
carry the said plates into and out of said slots.
?lling plates converge (considered in the direction of
3. Cigarette collecting apparatus according to claim 1
movement of the oncoming cigarettes) so that oncoming
cigarettes can enter easily and are guided into ‘position. 50 in which pivoted levers carry said ?ller plates and means
To ‘ensure that the ?lling plates are properly located in
are provided to swing said levers at suitable times to carry
the slots the plates are as mentioned above, loosely at
the said plates‘into and out of the said slots, the ?ller
tached to the levers 19, the attachment being by pin and
plates ‘being slidably mounted on the levers to be movable
slot connections at 21, FIGURE 3. A roller 22 is sup
lengthwise relatively to the levers, and in which means
ported as shown in FIGURE 4 near the lever I19 and a 55 are provided to raise the ?ller plates by sliding them on
spring 23 with a bent tail is ?xed to the ?lling ‘plate.
the levers to a level higher than the bottom edges of the
When the plate and spring are in the position shown in
tray slots, and to release the ?ller plates when the latter
FIGURE 3 the plate is raised somewhat by the spring
have entered the slots, vso as to permit the ?ller plates to
tail. As the lever 19 goes to the right, FIGURE 3, the
fall to rest on the bottom edges of said bases.
plate 20‘ begins'to fall but the movement of the parts is 60 4. ‘Cigarette collecting apparatus according to claim 1,
comprising a platform on which a stack of cigarettes is
rapid enough to ensure that the plate enters into the slot
while it is still partly in the raised position and thus the
collected prior to transfer into a tray, means for moving
lower'end of the plate falls neatly into contact with the
the platform up and down, means actuated by the up and
down movements of the platform to move the ?ller
horizontal edge of the tray slot, see FIGURE 4, and the
inner face of the plate is‘ ?ush with the slot edge at the 65 plates into and out of the slots in a tray, said platform
cigarette entry side and extends inwardly beyond it 'at the
being separated by a ‘gap from the tray at the position
where cigarettes and transferred from the platform to
rear side, see FIGURE 2.
i
In the modi?ed construction shown in FIGURES 6v to
the tray, and in which is provided a bridge movable into
8, the ?lling plates are mounted to swing about vertical
said gap to bridge it while the cigarettes are transferred
hinges, and swing into .and out of the ?lling position. In 70 'and' a roller on .said platform arranged to engage a cam
surface on the bridge to move it into the gap as the plat
these views, parts which are practically identical with
those previously described bear the same references. Re
form moves down to the transfer position, a member at
ferring to FIGURES 6 to 8, the ?lling plates 30 are bent
tached to said bridge and a cooperating member attached
in U form about lugs 31, which lugs are formed into
to each ?ller plate whereby the bridge movements cause
bosses 32 whereby they are ?xed to rotatable hinge pins 75 the ?lling plates to move into and out of the tray slots.
3,091,064
5
5. Cigarette collecting apparatus as claimed in claim 1,
in which spring plates are provided attached to the ?ller
plates and arranged partially to enter tray slots with said
?ller plates, while pressing resiliently against edges of
the slots, whereby the spring plates are deformed and 5
stressed and thereafter operate to move the ?ller plates
out of the slots.
6. Cigarette collecting apparatus according to claim 1,
comprising a platform on which a stack of cigarettes is
6
collected prior to transfer into a tray, means for moving
the platform up and down and means actuated by the up
and down movements of the platform to move the ?ller
plates into and out of the slots in a tray.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,919,529
Hillman ______________ __ Jan. 5, 1960
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