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Патент USA US3091230

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May 28, 1963
A. H. WILLINGER ET AL
3,091,220
AQUARIUM ASSEMBLY
Filed Aug. 10, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
FIG. 2
INVENTORS’
444 .4A/ 5! “044/N658
May 23, 1963
A. H. WILLINGER ET AL
3,091,220
AQUARIUM ASSEMBLY
Filed Aug. 10, 1959
45’
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3,091,220
Patented May 28, 1963
2
3,091,220
AQUARIUM ASSEMBLY
Allan H. Willinger, 56 Gail Drive, and Harding ‘W. Will
inger, 16 Stoney Run, both of New Rochelle, N.Y.
Filed Aug. 10, 1959, Ser. No. 832,747
3 Claims. ((11. 119—5)
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary elevational view, on an
enlarged scale, as seen from line 4-—4 of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 5 is a bottom view, on an enlarged scale, of
the cover employed in the said form of the invention;
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view taken
about the line 6—6 of FIGURE 4 and also depicting a
displaced position of the horizontal panel employed in
This invention relates to an aquarium assembly.
the aforesaid cover in broken lines;
It is an object of this invention to provide an aquarium
FIGURE 7 is ‘a perspective view of the base employed
for containing an exhibiting tropical ?sh, and more par 10 in the said form of the invention; and
ticularly to provide an aquarium formed of a thermo
FIGURE 8 is a cross-sectional view taken about the
plastic material which is capable of ef?ciently holding
line 8--S of FIGURE 7.
and attractively displaying the contents thereof and to re
The accompanying drawings illustrate a preferred em
bodiment of the aquarium assembly comprising the pres
sist the deleterious effects and pressures involved when
used with a substantial quantity of water in conjunction 15 ent invention. Said assembly comprises a tank portion
designated generally by the numeral 11 which is remov
with the usual aquarium contents such as gravel and ac
cessory aquarium equipment.
ably mounted upon the base designated generally by the
numeral 1t) and surmounted by a cover member desig
It is also arr object ‘of this invention to provide an
nated generally by the numeral 12.
aquarium arrangement which is assembled from a num
The base member 10 of the instant aquarium assembly
ber of units formed of a molded synthetic resin and 20
comprises a framed hollow grid which is de?ned by a
which Provides an attractive appearance without the use
rectangular frame 13. Said frame 13 is in the general
of excessive material and in an improved manner.
form of an inverted U-shaped channel member having
It is an additional object of this invention to provide
an exterior generally vertically dis-posed face 14 and simi
an aquarium arrangement of the character indicated
wherein means are provided for supporting the tank unit 25 larly disposed interior faces 15 and 16. The interior
and exterior faces are connected by means of the hori
in an efficient manner which, among other features, pro
zontal face portion 17. Upright cross-members 18 and
vides for the reinforcement of the tank unit as well as pro
19 extend from the bottom of the frame to the bottom
tection to the underlying support upon which the aquar
of ‘said interior inclined and vertical faces 15 and 16
ium may be placed.
and also to the internal surfaces 14a, 15a and 16a of
This invention has for its object the provision of an
aquarium arrangement of the character indicated wherein
the tank unit is formed of a thermoplastic material in
said inclined, vertical and horizontal faces, the said up
right cross-members being formed integrally with the
such manner as to be capable of withstanding the tem
said inclined, vertical and horizontal faces. These cross
peratures and pressures involved without undesired bulg
ing or deformation of the con?guration thereof.
members comprise a supporting and reinforcing grid work
aquarium arrangement of the character indicated with
for the tank and base frame as will more clearly appear.
As may be seen in FIGURES 2 and 7, upright cross
member 19 is discontinuous at its center portion, there
a cover unit which may be readily disposed upon or re
by providing aperture 19a which may function to engage
It is a further object of this invention to provide an
a suitable projection on any surface supporting said base.
In this manner, accidental displacement of the base may
be minimized. ‘Moreover, such discontinuity also per
mits a certain amount of expandability of ‘the base, as
is hereinafter described. The entire base 10 is advan
port for an illuminating means whereby the aquarium
tageously formed as one piece composed of any substan
contents may be attractively displayed without adversely
affecting the parts of the assembly or the contents thereof. 45 tially rigid material, such as a molded plastic and is
It is also among the objects of this invention to pro
preferably opaque.
The lower portion of the tank 11 is removably re
vide an aquarium tank unit with a cover arrangement
ceived Within the rectangular frame of the base 10 as
formed of a thermoplastic material having an illumi
de?ned by the vertically disposed interior faces 15 and
nating means disposed therein which is capable of func
tioning e?iciently in spite of heating or evaporating ef 50 16 thereof and rests upon the upper edges of the grid
work comprising the cross-members 18 and 19.
fects due to the heat generated by the illuminating means
It will be noted that by reason of the foregoing arrange
or other factors and which also provides for e?iective
ment, the tank, when the aquarium is assembled, rests
ventilation of the aquarium tank.
within the con?nes of the base frame, a certain degree
Other and further objects of this invention will be
come apparent from the description thereof contained in 55 of locking engagement occurs between the base and tank.
This locking action is due to the slight bulging or dilation
the annexed drawings, speci?cations and claims or will
of the walls of the lower portion of the tank when
otherwise become obvious. It will be understood that
?lled with water which causes the exterior wall portions
the invention herein disclosed may be employed for
of the tank to bear against and frictionally engage the
other purposes to which the structure and arrangement
60 interior base frame walls. The tank and base may be
are adapted.
moved from the tank unit without dripping and in an
ef?cient and convenient manner and which serves to con
serve water and give access to the interior of the aquar
ium tank when desired, said cover also serving as a sup
readily assembled by placing one without the other.
However, when ?lled with water, the locking action re
ferred to above permits the entire assembly to be readily
ent invention;
moved as a unit by ‘grasping the tank portion only. The
FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectioned view taken about the
line 2—2 of FIGURE 1, with parts broken away for 65 frictional engagement between the aforesaid walls pre
vents accidental separation while permitting ready disen
purposes of illustration;
‘FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary view depicting in per
gagement of the aquarium elements when desired. In
spective a corner portion of the tank employed in the
this connection, it will be noted that the discontinuity
of the upright cross-member 19 facilitates the seating of
aforesaid form of the invention and a corresponding por
tion of the cover used in conjunction with said tank, the 70 the tank in the base since such discontinuity allows for
expansion of the short-er end portions 13a of the frame
said cover being shown in an upright position with ‘re
13, when said end portions are subjected to pressure by
spect to the tank, as when lifted away therefrom;
In the accompanying drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective View of a form of the pres
3,091,220
'4
able‘so as 'to receive andsecurely hold tanks whose di
of the aquarium tank. A horizontal ?ange 37 extends
along the base of ‘each of the converging side walls 34.
mensions present slight variations in size and shape.
The tank portion 11 of the aquarium assembly has the
approximate conformation of Jan lirlverted, truncated, rec
These ?anges support a removable panel 38 having an
inner end 39 disposed in contact with the bottom 40 of
louver 35 when the panel is disposed on the cover, as
, tangular pyramid. Said ‘tank :is advantageously formed
of 1a molded-plastic material and is of course transparent
may be seen from FIGURES 4, 5 and 6.
The ‘said panel 38 has an upper surface 41 and vertical
‘the tank. Similarly, said'end portions 13a are expand
?ange 42 alignedwith the upper surface and vertical ?ange
25 of the cover. The interior surface of the panel is also
when ?lled with water and the resulting outward curva 10 integral with a vertical wall 43 aligned with the wall 27
of the cover, thus forming a continuum of depending
ture which is more pronounced in the upper or mouth
peripheral channel 23 of the cover. I, Suitable tabs 44 are
region of the tank would of course materially affect the
provided at the ends of the said vertical ?ange 42, these
‘light transmission characteristics of the walls of the tank
tabs being engageable with the adjoining inner surfacerof
and may result in “optical distortion to :a viewer of'th'e
tog'permit the contents of the tank to be viewed. The
walls of the tank are subjected to’considerable pressure -
contents. 'Since 'the ‘most signi?cant :function of an 15 vertical ?ange 25.
When it is desired to remove the
aquarium is to ‘exhibit the contents inmost advantageous
panel 38, it is only necessaryto exert aslight spreading
form, this of course would almost completely destroy the
pressure on those portions of vertical?ange 25 adjoining
the vertical ?ange 42 of the panel. In this way, said ad
' utility'of a tank/of this character. 'In order toprevent
joining pontions of vertical ?ange 25 will be separated
such outward curvature or bulging action and the re
sultant distortion, as well as to eliminate the possibility of 20 su?iciently to allow the-tabs .to clear the ends of said
V the :fracture of the plastic material of the tank walls under
the’pressure‘of‘the water, the tank walls could of course
portions, in which position the panel maybe removed to'
the position depicted in FIGURE 5. Re-insertion of the
panel in the direction indicated by the arrow in FIGURE
be increased in thickness. However, such increase ‘in
6, may also be ‘accomplished by a similar spreading action
thickness would result in
excessivecost ‘and weight for
the tank‘ and would in many instances undesirably affect 25 followed by sliding of the panel upon the ?anges'37 into
contact'with the‘ bottom of thev louver, the said tabs then
‘the' optical characteristics of the tank vwalls. In order to
being disposed‘interiorly of vertical ?ange 25. In this
overcome this difficulty, the walls of‘ the tank are initially
position, the spreading ‘pressure maybe released with
‘formed or molded with an inwardly directed curvature.
'This'jc‘ol'ncavity ‘is more pr-onounced'in‘the region of the
,top ofjthe tank. Thus, underv the pressure’of the water,
consequent securing ofvthe panel against ‘outward dis
30 placement cfrom the cover.
‘ theftarlk walls’are [forced outwardly and assume planar
Removable panel 3-8 provides'a convenientmeans of
positio‘ns'sol as to provide for maximum aesthetic appeal
access to the laquarium‘tank for the introduction of vari
ous, materials into the tank as required. Thus, rood'for
'andi'optical "e?iciency' and safely retain the tank contents
tropical ‘?sh may be introduced and ?sh, shells, sand,
without excessive ‘wall thickness. In ‘order to provide for
further reinforcement'of the'lup’per' wall portions and" to 35 gravel and plants maybe readily‘ introduced or removed
‘as desired without disturbing the entire cover. The re
prevent distortion or‘lbu'l‘ging'of the-tank walls by the
moval of the‘panel also provides a convenient opening
‘lateralipressureof the water, the‘_rrnouth“or
or the
tank' is‘als'o ‘provided withiairectangular ?ange 20 having ' ' at the‘ top ‘of the tank adjacent a wall whereon such‘aquar
"adepending'yertioal lip 21, the said .Ilip Ydefiningja con
ium accessories as‘ heaters, ?lters or'aerators may 'be'per
tinuous' perimeti'ic ‘groove ' 212" between the’ flip and the, ad 40 maner'itly mounted while maintaining the aquarium in
'Vjaeent external‘ surfacesof the walls‘ofthe
','I‘-he
‘rectangular w?ange ‘(20 thus provides ian‘additional stiffening
substantially covered condition.
and réinfor’cingfmeans for‘ the’
"ginal portion of the cover‘ is'fonmed'with a depending or
which makes‘ possible
"the use of relatively’ thin'tank walls‘ whileirnaintaining
“walls inirp'lanar disposition during use. j'Ilhis ‘?ange
.also forms a convenient hand fgiwipjrto permit the ‘tank to "be
lifted Treadilyjandwithout‘danger ‘of slippage even‘ when
.
LAs: ‘heretofore indicated, the peripheral edge 'of the ‘mar
downwardly ‘directed channel 23. Said channel‘is'de?ned
depending peripheral ‘?ange 25 and depending wall 27
which‘extends'r?rom thelowerjsunface of the cover and is
45: "by
. disposed 'in spaced relation to ?ange 25. ‘Wall '27 ‘of the
'with water. The ?angel? hasia'diurther 'fu'nc?on
channel ‘is ‘somewhat shorter than ?ange 25. A plurality
herein 50 of dependinglb‘osses 26 are disposed within the channel
as thus de?ned. 'Said studs are disposed in spaced rela
atterpbel pointed out. ‘It’ should bei'noted‘thatthe‘lower
tion to' said (?ange along the length of said‘ channel.
" pointing: the tank is supported’ against 'un-desired out
These studs are shorter than wall 27 of the'channel and
ward expansion or‘
by contact‘ with they-interior
are disposed so that when the cov'er'is positioned onthe
faces ‘15 of ther'base, as heretoforeiindicated.
‘ The cover portion 12_'of the aquarium assembly is re
‘aquarium tank the ends of the studs rest upon the upper
vmovably 'disp'osedjupon' thei'tr'op“ or'lopen mouth of the 55 surface of rectangular'?ange zllthereof. 'Thet‘spacing" of
‘aquarium. Said’covercom'prises ahousing 29"from the
the‘channel' walls is ‘greater than the transverse-dimen
sion of the rectangular ?ange 20cc that whenfsaid studs
lower edge of which an‘ integrally formed substantially
horizontally disposed marginal portion 24‘exte'nds. 'The rest thereon the cover is maintained in spaced relation to
peripheral ‘edgeof said marginal portion'is formed with a 60 ' the tank and, air may freely circulate from the atmosphere
downwardly dinectedigperipheral channel designated gen
into the interior of the space de?ned by ‘the tank-and
cover.
arrangement prevents the settling of dust
'erally by the numeral 23- within which the
of ‘the‘tank
upon the water in'the tank while providing a healthy and
vmouth is received, as will be more particularly herein
stabilized atmosphere forv the aquarium and to prevent
‘afterdescribed. The cover is advantageously formed of
a synthetic resin or thermoplastic material and molded 65 overheating of the tank by the illuminating means, as will
'more clearly appear hereafter. In operation, a certain
(as an integral unit.
[amount of moisture will condense or collectiupon the in
The-housing portion 29 of the cover 12 is formed with
in'coniiec'tion with the coverhnentber'vvhich
substantially vertical side walls'30 and 31 and an arcuate
‘ top‘wall portion: 32.. ' The rearwardly directed portion of
terior surfaces of the‘ tank cover. This'unay be theresult
of evaporation orsplattering of water due to the aeration
the‘ housing isprovided with a medially'disposed recessed 70 or ?ltration equipment in the tank. The droplets-of water
which thus vform on ‘the’ interior surface of the ‘cover
portion 33 de?ned by converging side walls'34 which are
would normally ‘drip ‘and cause damage orr'rnar furniture
connected by an inclined louvered‘wall portion 35. Said
flouvered wall portion 35 is formed with a plurality of slots
providing communication between the external atmos
surfaces when the cover is removed. ' The instant ar
rangement greatly reduces the possibility of such dripping
' 'phereY-and' the interior of the cover overlying the mouth 75 action.
When it is desired to remove the cover, it may
3,091,220
be readily pivoted upon the studs resting on the rec
tangular ?ange of the tank. As the tank cover is thus
inclined, the droplets of water on the interior surface
thereof ?ow along said surface until they are arrested by
the interior surface 28 of wall 27 where they drop back
into the tank. The cover may then be completely re
moved as shown in FIGURE 3, with a minimum amount
of spillage or loss of water. When the cover is in place,
heat generated by the lamp. Thus, the heat from the
lamp causes a continuous circulation of fresh air over
the surface of the aquarium water, ventilating it and pre
venting the temperature from rising to a point where it
may have any deleterious effect upon the aquarium con
tents, or the material from which the aquarium assembly is
formed. The ventilating action thus produced causes the
temperature in the enclosed region of the aquarium assem
droplets of water are guided toward the marginal edges
bly to be stabilized and to be maintained at a constant
of the cover by reason of the curvature of the top wall 10 level. The heat generated by the lamp in effect creates a
of the housing. The water droplets thus tend to ?ow
along the interior surfaces of the cover, ?nally dripping
back into the tank along the interior surface 28 of wall
27. This prevents the escape of water from the tank,
reduces the number of droplets collecting on the interior 15
surface of the cover and helps to conserve water in the
tank.
constant draft over the aquarium water, carrying away any
undesirable gasses or odors which may be generated
therein and assisting in maintaining the aquarium water‘
in a fresh and aerated condition.
While we have here shown and described a preferred
embodiment of our invention, it will be apparent how
ever that this invention is not limited to this embodiment
and that many changes, additions and modi?cations can
The housing 29 is also provided with an electric light
socket 45 having a threaded tube 46 projecting through
be made in connection therewith without departing from
an aperture 30a in said housing and secured therein by 20 the spirit and scope of the invention ‘as herein disclosed
1a knurled nut 47, the said tube 46 receiving a suitable
‘and hereinafter claimed. Having described our invention
switching means 48 operable through said tube to open
what we claim as new and desire to secure by letters
[and close an electric circuit in conjunction with said
Patent is:
socket and any ‘light bulb received therein. An electric
1. An aquarium tank comprising a body composed of
current may be supplied to said socket, as by a conven 25 transparent plastic material having a bottom and side
tional electric cable 49 which extends from said socket
walls, said side walls being formed with an inwardly di
and through a cutout 49 which extends from said socket
rected curvature forming concave outer walls whereby
and through a cutout 50 in a portion of the upper surface
when said tank is ?lled with liquid, the lateral pressure
of the cover adjacent to the [above-described removable
upon said side walls causes them to assume planar posi
panel, the said cable thence being extendable to a con 30 tions to prevent optical distortion caused by wall cur
ventional electric plug 51 which may be inserted in an
vature.
electric wall socket in the usual manner. The interior
2. An aquarium tank comprising a body composed of
surface of housing 29 is ‘also provided with a pair of
transparent plastic material having the general con?gura
bosses 52 which are threadedly engaged with screws 53
tion ‘of a truncated rectangular pyramid having a bottom
securing a metallic re?ector 54 above the said electric 35 and side walls, said side walls being initially formed with
light socket and in a position wherein the light of any
an inwardly directed curvature forming concave outer
bulb received in said socket will be directed towards the
walls in the region of the mouth end thereof, an integrally
contents of the tank. The re?ector being spaced from
formed ?ange extending around the rim of said mouth to
the interior surface of the housing permits the air to cir
resist the lateral pressure engendered by the liquid con
culate therebetween. The re?ector also serves to re?ect 40 tents of said tank tending to distort said tank walls,
a considerable portion of the heat generated by the lamp
whereby said tank walls assume planar positions in re
so that distortion of the thermoplastic material from
sponse to said lateral pressure to prevent optical distor
which the cover is formed is prevented.
tion caused by wall curvature.
It has heretofore been pointed out that the cover is
3. A tank according to claim 2 wherein said ?ange is
mounted upon the tank in such manner as to provide an 45 vfor-med with a depending llip de?ning a perimetric groove
air space around the periphery of the tank
through
with the exterior surface of the tank walls.
which
from the external atmosphere may enter or
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
leave the aquarium area. It has also been pointed out
that the housing is provided with a louver wall, which
UNITED STATES PATENTS
again permits circulation of air from the interior to the 50
388,024
Davies ______________ __ Aug. 21, 1888
external atmosphere. When the illuminating means are
1,263,391
Eickrneyer ___________ __ Apr. 23, 1917
used, the air con?ned between the cover and the interior
2,002,380
Wernicke et a1. _______ __ May 21, 1935
of the tank is naturally heated and tends to rise, passing
2,503,945
Grossniklaus __________ __ Apr. 11, 1950
out to the external atmosphere through the louver slots in
Sepersky ______________ _._ Jan. 8, 1957
the housing. This causes fresh air to be drawn into 55 2,776,642
2,780,259
Nalle ________________ __ Feb. 5, 1957
said space from the external ‘atmosphere through the air
2,859,786
Tupper ______________ __ Nov. 11, 1958
space around the peripheral rim of the tank as above
2,905,351
Lerner ______________ __ Sept. 22, 1959
described. Thus, fresh :air is continually drawn into the
space above the aquarium water and caused to be ex
pelled therefrom through the louver slots by reason of the
2,936,926
Miller _______________ __ May 17, 1960
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