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Патент USA US3091337

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May 28, 1963
3,091,327
G. J. LALLEY
. RECEPTACLE FOR STORING FILM AND THE LIKE
Filed May 11, 1961
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ATTORNEY
United States Patent 0 "ice
2
1
3,091,327
RECEPTACLE FOR STORING FILM
AND THE LIKE
Gerald J. Lalley, 3516 Madison, Bellwood, Ill.
Filed May 11, 1961, Ser. No. 109,312
2 Claims. ((11. 206-1)
This invention relates to an improvement in a recepta
cle and particularly to a container and receptacle for stor
ing X-ray-type ?lm.
The present receptacle invention is particularly de
signed to store ?lm sheets of the X-ray-type priorltoi their
exposure. Such ?lm is exceedingly sensitive to‘ light and
becomes completely unusable if it is not maintained un
der maximum dark room conditions.
In hospitals much of this type of X-ray ?lm is utilized
and very frequent spoilage takes place since technicians
may inadvertently remove ?lm from the conventional
Br??l?Z?
Patented May 28, 1963
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged view of a latch element for
securely locking the cover of a ?lm receptacle in a closed
position.
Referring now to the ?gures of the drawing a ?lm
Cl storage box is generally designated by the reference char
acter 10. The ?lm storage box 10 comprises an outer
container or receptacle 11 having opposite sides ‘12, a
front side 13 and a rear side 14. An inner receptacle is
designated at 15 the said receptacle ‘15 being adapted to
10 slide vertically within the outer receptacle .11. The inner
receptacle 15 also comprises a rear side 16, a front side
17 and opposed sides 18 and 19.
A plurality of ?lm sheets 20‘ are shown supported with
in the inner receptacle 15. The outer receptacle L1 is
15 opened at its upper end and likewise the receptacle 15
is provided with an upper opening. The ?lm sheets 20
project upwardly outwardly of the opening of the re
ceptacle 15. The ?lm sheets may be X-ray-type ?lm
which is stored within the storage box 10‘ in an unex
the room light is ?ashed on the ?lm is exposed to the light 20 posed condition. In this condition they, of course, are
highly sensitive to light. A cover 21 includes a periph
and is spoiled. Many times the container, which may be
eral ?ange 22 and is provided with a peripheral seal 23
an ordinary box, or bin, is left open and thus when the
which in the closed position of the cover 21 engages the
light is ?ashed on the ?lm is spoiled. Or the container
upper portions of the outer receptacle 1-1 for effectively
may not be light-tight so that portions of the ?lm are
sealing the same with respect to light. Thus it may be
spoiled without the technician knowing that the same has
stated that the seal 23 provides a light-tight condition.
occurred. This causes great hardship and di?iculty on
A knob 24- is attached to the cover ?ange 22 to provide
the patient who may be X-rayed since he then will have
an easy grip for the technician or operator. A ?anged
to return for a subsequent X-ray because of the spoilage
plate 25 is secured to the underneath side of the cover 21
of the ?lm in the earlier case. Or in cases of emergency
where an X-ray is immediately necessary it is of partic 30 and comprises a peripheral ?ange 26 having adjacent
the rear side of the receptacle 11, a lip 27 which is
ular concern when the ?lm is found to have been spoiled
adapted to engage upper portions of the ?lm 20 to move
by the inadvertence of the technician in failing to close
them forwardly toward the front side so that the tech
the conventional box or bin whereupon light causes the
nician may readily grasp and select sheets of ?lm to
?lm to be unusable.
It is thus a prime object of this invention to provide 35 be removed from the box 10‘. The ?ange plate 25 is se
curely connected to the cover 21 by means of screw and
an improved receptacle for containing ?lm in a light-tight
nuts 28.
condition the said container being automatically closed
A stop portion is provided on the inner receptacle 15
when the operator releases the cover of the container.
Another object of the invention is to provide an im 40 on the rear side '16, the said stop portion 29‘ projecting
upwardly to engage the lip 27 in the open condition of
proved ?lm receptacle which is effectively sealed by
the cover 21 to limit the counterclockwise movement of
means of a cover the said cover always being urged to
the cover 21 so that it is in the open position disposed
its closed position so that the technician who removes
over the upper opening of the inner receptacle 15.
the ?lm from the receptacle need not concern himself
A hinged element 31)‘ is connected to a hinged element
about the closing of the cover as long as the receptacle 45
31 by means of a hinged pin 32. The hinged element 30
is maintained in a vertical position.
is connected by means of screws 3-3 to a projection 34
A still further and more speci?c object of the inven
of the inner receptacle 15 and the hinge element 31 is
tion is to provide an improved receptacle or container
suitably connected to the cover 21.
for containing ?lm in a light-tight position the said re
A pair of lifting elements 35 are respectively con
ceptacle including means for urging the cover to a con 50
nected to opposite sides 18, 19‘ of the inner receptacle -15
stantly closed position, said means including a second
by means of pins 36. The lifting elements 35 may be
container positioned for reciprocating within the ?rst re
suitable links or ?exible elements and their upper ends
ceptacle and being adapted to be moved into a position
are connected to eyelets 37 which project downwardly
whereupon ?lm projects upwardly from the ?rst recepta
cle so that it can easily be handled by the technician, the 55 from the cover 21. The eyelets 27 include screw mem
bers 39 projecting through the cover 21 and being suit
weight of said second container or receptacle assuring
ably connected thereto by means of nuts 40.
positive closing of the cover when the cover is released
container, or fail to close the container, so that when
As best shown in :FIGURE 4 a latch element 41 com
by the technician.
prises a latch arm 42 which is pivotally connected at
These and other objects of the invention will become
more readily apparent from a reading of the speci?ca 60 43 to the front side 13 of the receptacle 11. The latch
arm 42 includes a hook 44 and is urged to pivot in a
tion when examined in connection with the accompany
counterclockwise direction by means of a spring 45. The
ing sheet of drawing.
hook 44 is adapted to engage a pin 46 on the cover 21
In the drawing:
to securely lock the cover against accidental opening it
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view with a portion broken
the storage box 10 is moved to a non-vertical or upright
away of an improved container or receptacle for contain 65 position. A latch limit means 47 is suitably connected
ing ?lm the said container showing a cover in an open
to the front side 13 for limiting the counterclockwise and
position;
' FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view through the con
tainer shown in *FIGURE 1;
clockwise movement of the latch arm 42.
The ?lm storage box 10 disclosed may be stored in a
suitable bin, cabinet, etc., in an upright position. It may
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary view similar to FIGURE 70 be stored in this manner with other similar containers for
2 showing a container or receptacle with its cover in an
containing various size X-ray ?lm. In the upright posi
‘tion the operator may open the cabinet or bin and he then
open position; and
3,091,327
3
4
grasps the knob 24 and opens the cover 21. This is, of
course, done by the operator or technician at a time when
the room within which the box 10 is stored is in complete
them in a direction toward said front side, lifting ele
ments connected to opposite sides of said second recep
tacle, means connecting said lifting elements to said cover
substantially close to the front side of said ?rst receptacle,
darkness. The technician now moves the cover 21 in a
counterclockwise direction and by so doing the lifting
elements 35 move the receptacle 15 upwardly so that the
whereby when said cover is opened said lifting elements
lift said second receptacle upwardly to a position where
?lm sheets 20 project upwardly of the upper end of the
receptacle 11. Simultaneously with this opening of the
by said sheet like members project outwardly from the
. upper open end, means on said second receptacle pro
cover 21 the lip 27 is rotated so as to engage and urge
jecting upwardly from the second receptacle during the
the ?lm sheets 20 toward the front side 13 of the box 10' 10 open position of said cover and engaging said ?anged
so that the technician can easily remove the ‘desired num
member to limit the open position of said cover whereby
ber of sheets.
said cover is held in a substantially upright position urged
As the technician moves the cover 21 to the open posi
by the weight of the second receptacle toward the upper
tion ‘the stop portion 29 of the receptacle 15 moves up
open end, whereby when an operator releases said cover
wardly of the upper open end of the receptacle 11 and 15 the same is closed positively and tightly by the weight of
engages the lip 27 thus stopping or limiting further coun
said second receptacle.
terclockwise movement of the cover 21. Thus the cover
2. A container comprising an outer rectangular nor
is still disposed over the upper open end of the receptacle
mally vertical receptacle having an upper open end, a
11.
rear side and a front side, a second rectangular receptacle
When the ?lm has been removed the technician merely 20 disposed within said outer receptacle, said second recep
tacle having an upper opening, being substantially shorter
receptacle 15 including the ?lm snap-s shut, by gravity,
in height than said ?rst receptacle and being adapted to
the cover 21 and ?rmly closes the same ‘against the ‘entry
support in an upright position a plurality of sheet like
of light. Furthermore the latch element 41 is immedi
members which project upwardly from said upper open
ately engaged and the spring 4-5 immediately locks the
ing, said shorter second receptacle being ‘adapted to slide
removes his grip on the knob 24 and the weight of the
latch arm 42 with respect to the pin 46 so that the cover
21 is tightly secured and is light-tight with respect to the
receptacle 11.
It is particularly noted that the eyelets 37 are con
nected to the cover 21 substantially close to the front side
13 when the cover is in the closed position.
In other words the upper ends of the lifting elements
35 ‘are connected to the front end of the cove-r 21 so that
the moment arm or best leverage is obtained so that the
receptacle and ?lm weight positively urge the cover to
its shut or closed position. Thus the weight of the recep
vertically within said ?rst receptacle, va cover for said ?rst
receptacle, hinge means connecting said cover to a rear
side of said ?rst receptacle whereby the cover may be
lifted by an operator from a closed to an open position
relative to said open end, a stop member connected to
the underneath side of said cover and in the closed posi
tion of said cover projecting into said outer receptacle,
a lifting element connected to said second receptacle,
means connecting said lifting element to said cover sub
35 stantially close to the front side of said ?rst receptacle,
tacle and ?lm is most ef?cient in its urging of the cover 21
to the closed position. Thus the points of connection of
whereby when said cover is opened said lifting element
lifts said second receptacle upwardly to a position where
by said sheet like members project outwardly from the
the eyelets 37 are substantially removed from the center
upper open end, limiting means ‘on the upper portion of
of gravity of the container and toward the front thereof
said second receptacle projecting upwardly from the sec
to provide a positive quick acting closing of the cover 21.
ond receptacle during the open position of said cover and
Thus it is believed that the objects of the invention
engaging said stop member to limit the open position of
have been fully achieved ‘and an improved ?lm storage
said cover whereby said stop member and limiting means
box has been provided. It must be understood, of course,
engage each other and said cover is restrained against
that changes and modi?cations may be made without de 45 further opening movement and is positioned in inclined
parting from the spirit of the invention as disclosed nor
relation over said second receptacle and is urged ‘down
from the scope of the appended claims.
wardly to a closed position by the weight of the second
What is claimed is:
receptacle whereby, when an operator releases said cover
1. 'A container comprising an outer rectangular nor
the same is closed positively and tightly by the weight
mally vertical receptacle having an upper open end, a 50 of said second receptacle.
rear side and a front side, a second rectangular receptacle
disposed within said outer receptacle, said second re
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
ceptacle having an upper opening, being substantially
UNITED STATES PATENTS
shorter in height, than said ?rst receptacle and be
ing adapted to support in an upright position a plu 55
rality of sheet like members which project upwardly
‘from said upper opening, said shorter second recep
tacle being adapted to slide vertically within said ?rst
receptacle, a cover for said ?rst receptacle, hinge means
connecting said cover to a rear side of said ?rst receptacle 60
whereby the cover may be lifted by an operator from a
closed to an open position relative to said open end, a
?anged member connected to said cover adjacent said
hinge means and in the closed position projecting down
wardly into the ?rst receptacle, and in the open position 65
for engaging the upper ends of sheet members to urge
816,886
Shonnard ___________ __ Apr. 3, 1906v
1,163,183
1,334,717
1,475,567
Stoll _________________ __ Dec. 7, 1915
‘Silverman ___________ __ Mar. 23, 1920
Dall ________________ __ Nov. 27, 1923
1,758,168
1,807,936
1,902,963
1,985,615
2,039,559
2,391,453
2,946,474
3,008,604
Olivaux _____________ __ May 13,
Saunders ____________ __ June 2,
Lepage et al. ________ __ Mar. 28,
Mitchell ____________ __ Dec. 25,
Segal ________________ __ May 5,
Goldbert _____________ __ Dec. 25,
Knapp ______________ __ July 26,
Garner __,___,___, ______ _, Nov. 14,
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