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Патент USA US3091340

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May 28, 1963
J. P. ROKS
3,091,330
BOX CONTAINING ONE OR MORE SUPERPOSED STACKS OF FLAT OBJECTS
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed NOV. 2, ' 1960
FIG. 1
INVENTOR
JOHANNES P ROKS
AGEN
May 28, 1963
3,091,330
J. P. ROKS
BOX CONTAINING ONE OR MORE SUPERPOSED STACKS OF‘ FLAT OBJECTS
Filed NOV. 2, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG.2
L._
FIGJ»
FIG.7
l‘NVENT‘OR
JOHANNES P. ROKS
BY
'
‘
W gAGEN?g
_
United States Patent 0 ”
3&91530
Patented May 28, 1963
2
1
vided on the ?lling pieces are so proportioned as to con
tact the stack, along the side of which the relevant ?lling
3,091,330
BOX CONTAINING ONE OR MURE SURE
STACKS 0F FLAT OBJECTS
Johannes Petrus Rolts, Eindhoven, Netherlands, assignor
to North American Philips Company, Inc., New York,
N.Y., a corporation of Delaware
Filed Nov. 2, 1964), Ser. No. 66,793
Claims priority, application Netherlands Nov. 7, 1959
4 Claims. (Cl. Mid-60)
piece extends in an inclined direction, only at the corners
projecting from the records. The advantage is thus ob
tained that the ?lling pieces press as little as possible or
not at all on the records and, furthermore, that the di
mensions of the ?lling in the box in the direction of
height is limited as far as possible.
In order that the invention may be readily carried into
10 effect, it will now be described in detail, by way of ex
If a stack of flat objects is to be packed in a box and
if such a box is larger than the transverse dimensions of
the objects, it is common practice to ?ll the spaces be—
ample, with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic
drawings, in which:
a given stack have the same transverse dimensions and
line. The cover 7 has a closure tongue 8.
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of an open box con
taining two stacks of gramophone records, the records
tween the vertical walls of the box with ?lling pieces.
Such ?lling pieces in certain cases consist of plate-shaped 15 associated with these stacks having different transverse di
mensions. For the sake of clarity, a fragment of the front
material that has been rolled up, such as rolled corru
wall and a fragment of one side wall of the box are
gated paper or corrugated cardboard. Especially if a
omitted;
box is used to despatch therein a plurality of superposed
‘FIGURE 2 is a plan view of the open box without
stacks of ?at objects and the objects associated with a
given stack have the same transverse dimensions, but the 20 contents;
FIGURE 3 is a plan view of the objects having the
objects associated with different stacks have different
largest transverse dimension;
transverse dimensions, the packing of such boxes takes
FIGURE 4 is a plan view of the objects having the
up comparatively much time and material due to the un
smallest transverse dimensions;
avoidable use of the rolled ?lling pieces. In addition,
FIGURES 5 and 6 are plan views of two identical
there is not suf?cient security that, despite the precau 25
?lling pieces as used in the box shown in FIGURE 1;
tions taken, the objects do not laterally shift in the box
FIGURE 7 is a plan view on a variant of a ?lling piece
during transport. Such shifting could result in break
which may replace the two ?lling pieces shown in FIG
age if the objects are, for example, gramophone records
URES 5 and 6.
or other objects which are easily damaged. An object
The prismatic box shown has a square basic surface.
of the present invention is to provide means which permit
The space proper of this box is indicated by 1. The box
of obviating this disadvantage in a simple manner.
has a ‘base 2, vertical side walls 3, 4, 5, 6 and a cover 7
It relates to a box containing one or more superposed
which is secured to the side wall 5 through a folding
stacks of flat objects, wherein the objects associated with
wherein the space or spaces between one or more of the 35
vertical walls of the box and the objects is or are ?lled
The box shown is intended for the despatch of gramo
phone records. In practice it frequently occurs that
by means of ?lling pieces of plate-shaped material. A
records of different dimensions are to be despatched to
box according to the invention is characterized in that
one address.
In this case one has to choose between
despatching the records of different transverse dimen—
each ?lling piece comprises at least one strip-shaped
part the width of which ?ts between the side of the 40 sions either in different boxes, each matched to the records
to be packed therein, or in one box only. However, it
relevant stack and the opposing wall of the box and
is then necessary to take steps in order to prevent the
which extends obliquely along the sides of the objects
smaller records from sliding to and fro in the box. This
of this stack, each strip-shaped part being provided, at
may be achieved by means of ?lling pieces, for example
each end with a transverse tongue which bears against the
upper side and the lower side, respectively, of the relevant 45 of corrugated paper which has been rolled or stacked.
However, such a system has the disadvantage, more par
stack.
ticularly if more than two kinds of records of different
By proceeding in this way it is possible, when using
dimensions are to be packed in one box, that such pack
?lling pieces cut to the desired shape and dimensions,
ing and manufacturing of the ?lling pieces takes much
highly to accelerate the packing of such ?at objects in
boxes. In addition, stacks of objects having different 50 time, material and attention.
transverse dimensions can be packed in the same box
These disadvantages are obviated in
an ef?caceous
mensions which match the transverse dimensions of the
objects to be packed in such a box.
If objects are to be packed in a box which have trans
manner by using the ?lling pieces of plate-shaped ma
terial for example of corrugated paper or corrugated
cardboard, indicated by 9 and 10‘ in FIGURE 1.
The structure, the arrangement and the operation of
such ?lling pieces will now be explained more fully with
verse dimensions smaller than the transverse dimension of
the box, use may be made of a substantially V-shaped
reference to FIGURES 2 to 6.
The space of the box shown in FIGURE 2 has internal
without any risk of the objects being shifted laterally,
if one has at one’s disposal ?lling pieces of different di
transverse dimensions of a value a. The value a cor
?lling piece, in which event the corner point of the V
responds, when disregarding unavoidable tolerances, sub
shape bears for example, against the upper side of a stack
stantially to the external dimension b of square coverings
and the two ends of the V-shape bear against the lower
11 of the records having the largest transverse dimen—
side of a stack of objects. However, as a rule, two
sions. A stack 13 of gramophone records packed in
distance pieces for each stack of objects can be handled
their covering 11 may thus be disposed on the base of
more quickly. It will be evident that each stack may
comprise an arbitrary number of the relevant objects. 65 the box as a ?t between its side walls.
However, the gramophone records and the associated
In the case under consideration, the term “stack” also in
coverings 12, which must be placed as a stack 14 on the
cludes the case where the stacks comprises only one ob
stack 13 of the largest records, have smaller dimen
ject.
sions. As can be seen from FIGURE 4, the coverings
In one embodiment of the invention in which a box
contains one or more stacks of gramophone records 70 12 associated with the upper stack 14 have transverse
dimensions c, which dimension, again disregarding toler
packed in rectangular coverings, this box with its con—
ances, is smaller by an amount 0! than the dimension b
tents is characterized in that the transverse tongues pro
3,091,330
3
of the coverings 11. The ?lling pieces now used are
formed by the aforementioned elements 9' and 111 shown
in FIGURES 5 and 6, which are each other’s mirror
images in the drawing and may thus be manufactured
with the aid of the same cutting tools by turning through
stacks of ?at objects may be housed in a given box in the
described manner. With the ?lling pieces to be used,
the dimension e and the distance '51 between the adjacent
edges of the tongues 17 and 18 must always be matched
to the conditions prevailing.
As a rule, any material which is slightly rigid and flex
180°. The elements‘9'an'd 10 have strip-shaped portions
15 and 16 respectively, the width e of which corresponds
to the value d of FIGURE 4, again disregarding the un
ible may be used for the ?lling pieces so that, for ex
ample, straw cardboard enters into account in addition
avoidable tolerances. The strip-shaped portions merge,
to the aforesaid corrugated paper and corrugated card
at their ends, into transverse tongues 17, 13 and 19‘, 2%‘
board.
respectively. The total length 1‘ of the ?lling pieces cor 10' If desired, the ?lling pieces may have recesses which
responds to the dimensions a of the space of the box.
facilitate the removal of the ?lling pieces from the box.
If the stack 14 is to be housed in the box, the ?lling pieces
For the ?lling pieces shown in FIGURES 5 and 6, such
shown in FIGURES 5 and 6 are arranged over the two
sides of the stack 14 visible in FIGURE 1 so that the
tongues 18' and 2t} bear above on the stack 14, the strip
recesses are indicated by 30‘ and 31.
15
By means of suitable shaping of the ?lling pieces, it
shaped portions 13‘ and 16 extend obliquely along the
may be ensured that, in the case of gramophone records,
the transverse tongues bear on the corners of the cover
side of the stack, and the tongues 17 and 19 are provided
beneath the stack 14. Thus, each record packed in a
ings which project from the records packed therein.
Other ?at objects, more particularly fragile objects,
covering is individually supported at its edges not engag
may also be packed in the indicated manner.
ing the walls‘ of the box by means of a portion of the 20
Finally, such' a system of ?lling pieces may also be used
inner walls 15a and 16a of the ?lling pieces 9 and 10, the
points of contact between the objects and the ?lling
pieces being located diagonally below one another. Since,
in other boxes and more particularly in angular boxes,
the ?lling pieces, one thus highly bene?ts of the rigidity
of the corrugated card-board of which the ?lling pieces
the hills and dales makes it possible for the ?lling pieces
responding dimensions of the interior of said box, a ?ll
ing means having a ?rst portion intermediate said stacks
and second portion supported on top of the uppermost
object of the smaller stack and an intermediate portion
to be bent in the manner shown in FIGURE 1 so that
bearing obliquely against the sides of said smaller stack
for example rectangular boxes.
What is claimed is:
as shown in dashed lines in FIGURES 5 and 6, the hills
l. A box comprising a plurality of discrete superposed
25
and dales‘of'the undulation are situated transversely to
stacks of ?at objects, one of said stacks of objects being
the longitudinal direction of the strip-shaped portions of
of substantially less transverse dimension than the cor
are‘ made. On the other hand, the indicated direction of
the transverse tongues 17, 18, 19 and 2% lie substantially
in a horizontal plane and the strip-shaped portions extend
obliquely along the stacks in the manner shown.
and the adjacent interior side wall of said box.
2. A box as according to claim 1 wherein said ?lling
means comprises a ?rst portion having transverse tongue
35
Instead of using the two strip-shaped ?lling pieces,
members at each end thereof and positioned intermedi
it also su?ices to use a single V-shaped ?lling piece‘ for
ate said stacks.
av stack, such as shown, for example, in FIGURE 7. If
3. A box according to claim 1 wherein said ?lling
use is made of such a single ?lling piece, strip-shaped
means comprises a substantially V-shaped intermediate
portions 25 and 26 extend obliquely along the adjacent
40
portion having inwardly transverse tongue members at.
vertical sides of a given stack, transverse tongues 27
the ends and also at the apex thereof.
and 28 serving as'the two transverse tongues which bear
4. A-box‘ comprising a plurality of discrete superposed
against the relevant‘stack at the top or at the bottom. A
stacks or objects, one of said stacks comprising objects
common projection 29, which connects the strip~shaped
of at least one substantially less transverse dimension
portions 25 and 26, serves both for the strip 25 and the
than the corresponding transverse dimension of the in
strip~26 at‘ the same time as the other transverse tongue. 45 terior of said box, and another stack of objects ?lling
It will be evident that, according as a stack co-oper
said box, a ?lling means obliquely transversing the space
ating with- a ?lling piece is higher, the strip-shaped por
between said one stack of objects and the adjacent wall
tions of the ?lling pieces co-operating with such a stack
of the interior of said box, and means including a mem
are more sloped in the box. It is immaterial that the
ber intermediate said stacks removably securing said ?ll
50
distance between the transverse tongues of a strip-shaped
ing means in said oblique position.
portion, as measured in the horizontal plane, thus be
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
comes smaller, since the ?lling action need be exerted by
UNITED STATES PATENTS
a given‘?lling piece only in a direction transverse to
the longitudinal direction of the strip-shaped portion of
such a ?lling piece.
It will be evident that more than the two illustrated
5
2,502,214
2,600,927
2,807,359
Gianninoto __________ __ Mar. 28, 1950
Scoville _________ __>____ June 17, 1952
McKie'rnan __________ __ Sept. 24, 1957
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