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Патент USA US3091425

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May 28, 1963
P. S. MAGNA
3,091,415
WIRE PAY-OFF
Filed March 7, 1961
INVENTOR
PETER \S‘. MAG‘NA
Alforney
ice
3,091,415
Patented May 28, 1963
2
ing apparatus such as, for example, a baling wire recoiler
3,091,415
or a machine for forming bale ties. The wire processing
apparatus draws the strands W over pulleys 1 that are ro
tatably mounted on the outer ends of arms 2 carried by
a supporting post 3, one of the strands W moving over
one of the pulleys 1 having its path of travel therefrom
directed by guides 4 mounted on the arms 2. The wire
moving to the pulleys 1 travels over a vertical path
This invention relates to apparatus for withdrawing
through guides '5 depending from the outer ends of the
wire from coiled bundles and resides, more speci?cally,
in improvements that are directed to the problem of re 10 arms 2, and is drawn upwardly from bundles 6 of coiled
wire that are supported on vertical transport stems 7.
ducing work-stoppages caused by interruptions in the wire
Each of the stems 7 comprises a cylindrical core 8 that
pay-01f operation as the result of tangles, cobbles, and
extends vertically and axially through the bundles 6 and
the like.
has a circular platform 9 at its lower end for supporting
The pay-off of this invention is especially adapted for
unreeling dead-cast wire of the type that is used as baling 15 engagement with the lower end of the bundle 6. The
stems 7 are used to transport wire from drawing ap
wire and in the fabrication of bale ties. Such wire is
paratus where it is deposited on the platform 9 about the
usually coiled by a dead-lay process in a bundle on a
core 8 by a block or drum at the end of a wire drawing
vertical stem for transport to other processing apparatus
line. When used as a wire pay-off, each transport stem 7
such as a baling wire recoiler, a bale-tie forming machine,
and the like. In processing apparatus of this character 20 is placed under a guide 5 in a centered position with the
axis of its core 8 aligned with the vertical path over which
to the vertical transport stem is frequently used as a part
WIRE PAY-OFF
Peter S. Magma, Pittsburg, Calif., assignor to United States
Steel Corporation, a corporation of New Jersey
Filed Mar. 7, 1961, Ser. No. 93,960
9 Claims. (Cl. 242-428)
of the pay-off mechanism, and for this purpose is placed
the wire W is pulled through the overlying guide 5. The
apparatus thus far described above is conventional and
forms no part per se of this invention, which comprises,
the processing machinery. Conventional wire pay-off
arrangements of this character are subject to cobbles 25 in combination with such apparatus, a pair of upper and
lower conical guides 11 and 12 that are mounted in con
and tangles that stop the wire pay-off operation and fre
centric and axially spaced positions between each wire
quently necessitate cutting the wire to remove the cobble
guide 5 and the bundle 6 supported on an underlying
or tangle and subsequent welding before continuing the
under a guide through which the wire is Withdrawn by
stem 7.
pay-off of wire. While special forms of pay-off reels,
As indicated, the pay-off of this invention is particu
which frequently include rotating guides, have been pro 30
larly adapted for use with dead-cast wire of the type
posed for the purpose of eliminating work-stoppages of
‘which is used in the manufacture of bale ties and baling
this character, the convenience afforded by vertical trans
port stems has resulted in their continued use as part of
wire recoilers, and which is cast on the platform 9 in
the pay-off apparatus, and work-stoppages from cobbles
convolutions having a diameter D as shown in FIGURE
35 1 of the drawings.
and tangles continue to be a troublesome problem.
The upper conical guide 11 is an expander that has a
This invention accordingly has as one of its principal
conically shaped external surface 13 of increasing diam
objects the elimination of tangle and cobble caused work
eter in an upward direction over which convolutions of
s-toppages in wire pay-offs of the type that include a con
wire travel and are expanded in moving from the bundles
ventional vertical transport stem as a part of the pay-off
6 to the guide 5. It has a cylindrical sleeve 14 at its
mechanism. For this purpose, the apparatus of this in
lower end which is telescoped in the upper end 15 of the
vention comprises a pair of upper and lower conical
core 8 and supports it in a concentric and axially aligned
guides that are mounted in axially spaced and concentric
position with respect to the axis of the stem 8. The
positions between the upper end of a vertical stem and a
diameter of its lower end 16 at the point where it has
wire-withdrawing mechanism that includes a wire guide
spaced axially above in a centered position with respect to 45 initial engagement with the upwardly traveling convolu
tions of wire is slightly larger than the external diameter
the stem upper end and through which the wire is with
of the core 8, and the taper and axial length of its conical
drawn over a vertical path. In a manner to be described
surface 13 is such that its upper end 17 has a diameter
the lower guide is a funnel-shaped conical hood that is
that is the same as the diameter D of the wire convolu
mounted in an inverted position over a bundle of coiled
tions in the bundles 6.
wire on the vertical stem in such manner that its inner
The lower conical guide 12 is a funnel-shaped hood
surface engages tangled convolutions lifted from the bun
that is mounted in an inverted position below the ex
dle, which are then separated by drawing the wire inward
pander 11 and over the bundle 6 on the stem 7. It is
ly over the peripheral edge of an opening at the center
supported in a concentric position about the upper end 15
of the hood, and the upper guide is a conically shaped ex
of the stem core 8 by vertical supporting bars or legs 13,
pander that engages the wire convolutions moving up
the upper ends of which are removably clamped in tubes
wardly thereover with an expanding action.
19 secured to the hood 12 by plates 20 that are welded to
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be
the upper surface of the hood 12. Its conical inner surface
come apparent from the following description and the
21 has a diameter that decreases in an upward direction
accompanying drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is a view of a wire pay-01f apparatus that 60 from its lower end 22. Its upper end 23 has a diameter
that is larger than the diameter of the cylindrical core 8
has two pay-offs respectively constructed in accordance
so that it cooperates therewith to de?ne an annular space
with the principles of this invention and in which one of
24 through which the convolutions of wire travel to the
such paywo?s is shown in elevation and the other is shown
upper conical guide or the expander 11. Its upper end
in vertical section; and
FIGURE 2 is a plan view on a slightly enlarged scale 65 23 further acts as a guide ring for a purpose to be de
scribed and has a diameter that is greater than the lower
of one of the pay-offs shown in FIGURE 1 in which a
fragmentary portion of its upper conical guide is broken
end 16 of the expander 11, but considerably less than the
away to show more clearly the construction of its lower
diameter of its upper end 17.
conical guide.
FIGURE 1 of the drawings shows the improvements of
this invention in a conventional pay-off apparatus that
When the wire processing apparatus is operated to pull
wire over the guide pulleys 1 and through the guides 5,
the convolutions of wire in the bundles 6 in traveling to
operates to supply two strands of wire W to wire process
the guides 5 move upwardly over the stem core 8, through
'
3,091,415
4
3
the annular space 24, and upwardly over the conical sur
face 13 of the expander 11. \The convolutions of wire
moving upwardly over the cylindrical core 8 are stretched
to a spiral shape as shown in the drawings and to a diam
eter considerably less than the diameter D. As each con
volution moves through the annular space 24 and upward
to hold the wire being withdrawn from said bundle against
said peripheral edge during its movement through said
opening.
2. In a wire pay-01f, the combination with a support
for a bundle of coiled Wire including a vertical stem ex—‘
tending axially through said bundle and a platform at
the lower end of said stern for supporting engagement
With the lower end of said bundle, and means for with-~
drawing wire from the upper end of said bundle includ
the conical surface 13 on the wire operates to hold the
wire engaged with the inner surface of the peripheral 10 ing a guide spaced vertically above the upper end of said
stem through which the wire is withdrawn over a path
edge or guide ring 23 at the upper end of the hood 12.
extending axially and vertically with respect to said bundle,
In this manner, the action of the expander 11 operates to
of a conically shaped expander mounted on the upper end
hold the portion of wire below the guide ring 23 out of
of said stem, said expander having a conical outer sur
engagement with the stem 8 and to prevent it ‘from con
tracting into binding engagement therewith.
15 face of increasing diameter in an upward direction over
ly over the expander 11, the conical surface 13 operates
to expand each convolution. The expanding action of
In the event that two or more convolutions of wire
which convolutions of wire moving upwardly to said guide
tangle and move upwardly together from the bundles 6,
they will engage with the conical surface 21 of the hood
12, and continued upward movement of the wire to the
travel and are expanded thereby, and a guide ring mount
ed concentrically relative to said stem axis in a position
radially inwardly over the hood surface 21 and then up
wardly over the inner surface of the guide ring 23 to
the conical expanding surface 13. From the upper end
said guide ring having a diameter that is smaller than the
diameter of the upper end of said expander but greater
than the diameter of its lower end so that said expander
operates to hold the wire being withdrawn through said
below said expander and de?ning an opening through
guide 5 will separate such tangle by drawing the wire 20 which the wire travels from said bundle to said expander,
17 of the expander 11, the Wire is drawn radially inwardly
and upwardly to the wire guides 5. The point of engage
ring in sliding engagement therewith.
3. In a wire pay-off, the combination with a support for
a bundle of coiled wire including a vertical stem extending
axially through said bundle and a platform at the lower
end of said stem for supporting engagement with the
guide ring 23.
As indicated above, the upper end 17 of the bonnet or 30 lower end of said bundle, and means for withdrawing wire
from the upper end of said bundle including a guide;
expander 11 has a diameter that is the same as the diam
ment of the wire with the upper end 17 of the expander
11 rotates continuously about the vertical axis of the ap
paratus as does the point at which the wire engages the
spaced vertically above the upper end of said stem through
eter D of the wire convolutions that are cast on the stem
which the wire is withdrawn over a path extending axially
7. If the upper end 17 had a diameter less than the
and vertically with respect to said bundle, of a guide ring‘
diameter D of the convolutions on the stem 7, thewire W
would encircle the expander 11 more than once per con 35 mounted in a concentric position about the upper end of
said stern and cooperating therewith to de?ne an annular
volution and would therefore be twisted and form a loop
that would tangle the wire. The diameter of the guide
ring 23 lies intermediate the diameter of the upper end
17 and lower end 16 of the expander 11, and must be
smaller than the diameter of the expander upper end 17
so that the expander 11 will operate to maintain the wire
engaged with the inner surface of the guide 23 and thus
assure the passage of only one convolution of wire through
the space 24 at any given time. By maintaining the wire
space for the movement therethrough of the wire convolu
tions being withdrawn from said bundle, and a conically
shaped expander mounted on the upper end of said stem,
said expander having a conically shaped outer surface of
increasing diameter in an upward direction from the upper
24 where two or more convolutions are elevated at one
ing engagement with said guide ring.
end of said stem and over which the wire convolutions
moving through said space travel and are expanded there
by, said guide ring having a diameter intermediate the
engaged with the inner surface of the guide 23 in this 45 diameters of the upper and lower ends of said expander‘,
the said expanding action of said expander operating to
‘manner, the hood surface 21 will operate to hold suc
hold the wire moving through said annular space in slid
ceeding convolutions against movement through the space
time from the bundle 6. The axial lengths and tapers of
the conical guides 11 and 12 may be varied within limits
determined by the vertical space between the guide 5 and
the upper end of the stem 7.
While one embodiment of my invention has been shown
and described it will’ be apparent that other adaptations
and modi?cations may be made without departing from
the scope of the following claims.
I ‘claim:
1. A pay-off for withdrawing wire from a bundle of
coiled wire supported in a position with its axis extending
vertically comprising a funnel-shaped conical hood mount
ed concentrically relative to said bundle axis and in an
inverted position over said bundle, and a conically shaped
expander mounted concentrically relative to said axis in
a position above said hood, said expander having a coni
cally shaped outer surface of increasing diameter in an
upward direction over which convolutions of wire being
withdrawn ‘from said bundle travel and are expanded
thereby, said hood having a conical inner surface of de
creasing diameter in an upward direction for engaging
tangled convolutions of wire elevated from said bundle
and an inner peripheral edge de?ning a circular opening
having a diameter intermediate the diameters of the upper
and lower ends of said expander and through which the
wire travels during upward movement thereof, the wire
4. In a wire pay-off as de?ned in claim 3, a funnel
shaped conical hood mounted concentrically in an in
verted position about the upper end of said stern, said
guide ring forming the inner peripheral edge of said hood.
5. A wire pay-off as de?ned in claim ‘3 characterized by
the upper end of said expander having a diameter not sub
55 stantially less than the diameter of the wire convolutions
in said bundle.
‘6. A wire pay-off as de?ned in claim 5 characterized by
the said expander upper end having an outer peripheral
edge over which the wire has sliding engagement and is
60 drawn in a radially inward and upward direction to the
said guide of said wire withdrawing means.
7. In a wire pay-0E, the combination with a vertical
stem for supporting a bundle of coiled wire, and means in
cluding a guide positioned centrally of and above said
65 stem for withdrawing wire from said bundle, of a coni
cally shaped expander mounted between said guide and
said stem in a concentric position relative to the axis of
said stem, said expander having a conical outer surface
that increases in diameter in an upward direction and over
70 which convolutions of wire travel and are expanded in
moving from said bundle to said guide, a guide ring
mounted concentrically relative to said stem axis in a posi
tion below said expander and de?ning an opening through
which the wire travels from said bundle to said expander,
convolution expanding action of said expander. operating 75 said guide ring having a diameter that is smaller than the
‘cal
3,091,415
5
diameter of the upper end of said expander but greater
than the diameter of its lower end so that said expander
operates to hold wire being withdrawn through said ring
in sliding engagement therewith.
8. A wire pay-oif as de?ned in claim 7 characterized
by the upper end of said expander having a diameter not
substantially less than the diameter of the wire convolu
tions in said bundle.
6
tive to said stem axis in a position below said expander,
said hood having an inner peripheral edge de?ning a cen
tral opening through which the wire travels from said
bundle to said expander, said opening having a diameter
greater than the lower end of said expander but less than
the diameter of its upper end so that the expanding action
of said expander operates to hold wire moving upwardly
through said opening against said hood peripheral edge,
said hood having a conical inner surface that decreases in
9. In a wire pay-0E, the combination with a vertical
stern for supporting a bundle of coiled wire, and means 10 diameter in an upward direction for engaging and separat
ing tangled convolutions of wire elevated from said
bundle.
cally shaped expander mounted between said guide and
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
said stem in a concentric position relative to the axis of
UNITED STATES PATENTS
said stem, said expander having a conical outer surface 15
315,707
Briggs _______________ __ Apr. 14, 1885
that increases in diameter in an upward direction and
including a guide positioned centrally of and above said
stern for withdrawing wire from said bundle, of a coni
over which convolutions of wire travel and are expanded
1,830,449
in moving from said bundle to said guide, an inverted
2,170,194
Swank _______________ __ Nov. 3, 1931
Griggs _______________ __ Aug. 22, 1939‘
funnel-shaped conical hood mounted concentrically rela
2,867,075
Reissrnuller ___________ __ Ian. 6, 1959
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