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Патент USA US3091782

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June 4, 1963
Filed July 28. 1959
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Patented June 4, 1953
David M. Shular, 3 West Ave., South Norwalk, Conn.
Filed July 28, 1959, Ser. No. 830,125
2 Claims. (Cl. 2-256)
This invention relates generally to fasteners for gar
ments and the like, and particularly to improved button
FIG. l is a fragmentary plan view of a unitary button
loop-finishing strip subassembly which incorporates the
instant invention;
BIG. 2 is a vsectional View taken substantially on line
2--2 of FIG. l;
FIG. 3 is a sectional View showing the FIGS. 1 and 2
subassembly stitched tot a garment portion at one stage
of attaching it thereto;
FIG. 4 Vis a view similar to rF-IG. 3, but showing the
loop constructions and methods of forming button loops 10 elements after the subassembly has been folded under
on garments, such as bridal gowns, blouses, sweaters,
pajamas and the like.
In many garments, such as those enumerated in the
preceding paragraph, it is necessary to provide fastening
means in the `form of a plurality of spaced button loops
that are disposed along an edge of one garment portion
which cooperate with a plurality of fasteners, usually
small buttons, that are disposed along an edge of »another
the garment portion into its final position relative to
the garment portion;
FIG. Sis a view similar to FIG. l but showing a modi
fication of the subassembly;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken substantially on l-ine
6--6 of FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a section-al view showing the FIGS. 5 and
6 subassembly stitched to a garment portion at one stage
garment portion, to close the garment. The principal
of attaching it thereto;
prior art button loop construction results from the prin 20 FIG. 8 is a View similar to FIG. 7 but showing the
cipal prior art method of forming a plurality of button
elements after the fabnic finishing strip has been folded
loops along an edge of one garment portion by disposing
under the garment portion into its final position relative
a separate loop strip, that is, a length of wavy narrow
to the garment portion;
material, and a separate finishing strip adjacent to the
FIG. 9 is a view similar to FIG. l but showing an
raw edge of a garment portion, and while holding all 25 other modification of the subassembly;
three elements in proper relative position, to sew a line
of stitching longitudinally through the garment portion,
FIG. l() is »a sectional View taken substantially on line
10-:10 of iFiG. 9;
the finishing strip and the loop strip. This method is
FIG. 1l is a View similar to FIG. l0 but showing the
button loop-finishing strip subassembly stitched to a gar
separate elements in proper position during stitching, 30 ment portion in its final position relative thereto;
and this is diíñcult and time-consuming. Furthermore,
FIG. l2 is a fragmentary plan view of two fastening
in performing this sewing operation, the loops of the loop
pontions of a garment, one of which includes a button
strip are prone to get twisted and tangled, and the opera
loop construction contemplated ‘by the instant invention,
tor must spend a considerable amount of time untangling
and »the other of which -includes a plurality of fasteners
and untwisting the loop strip to maintain the loops in 35 which cooperate therewith to fasten the two garment
proper relationship to the garment portion and the finish
portions, and
ing strip. The finished button loop construction is also
FIG. 13 is a sectional view taken substantially on line
deñcient in that all of the separate elements are held by
’1S-13 of IFIG. l2.
the same line of stitching, and therefore, if the stitching,
In FIGS. 1-4 there is illustrated one modification of the
and therefore, if the stitching breaks, the loops become 40 invention and the method of making it. This modification
loose, separate from the garment portion and become
is made in two principal steps: (l) the preliminary step
ineffective until they are re-stitched.
of forming a button loop finishing strip subassembly, and
It is an object of the invention to provide improved
(2) the step of attaching this subassembly to the garment.
button loop constructions for garments and the like,
( 1) 'I’he button loop-ñnishing strip subassembly 8 is
deficient in that it requires the operator to hold three
and improved methods of making such constructions,
formed by securing, as by sewing, a button loop strip 10
which eliminate the deficiencies of the prior art construc
to a fabric finishing strip 12; The button loop strip 10
tions and methods.
comprises a woven, knitted or braided, straight strip 14
It is another object of the invention to provide eco
having a wavy, button loop forming, braided cord 16
nomical button loop constructions and economical meth
secured thereto as by being interwoven, knitted or inter
50 braided therewith to form a unitary button loop strip 10.
ods of making them.
The objects of the invention are achieved in form by
The button loop strip 10, therefore, comprises an elon~
providing `a button loop construction and a method of
gated straight portion formedl by strip 14, which is adapted
making the same, wherein a button loop strip is independ
ently secured, as by sewing, to :a finished fabric strip
to form a unitary button loop-finishing strip subassembly,
and then this subassembly is stitched to a garment por
tion. In performing the assembling operations with the
improved constructions and methods, it is necessary to
position yonly two separate elements, namely the 'garment
portion and the unitary button loop~finishing strip sub
assembly, `during stitching of these elements, compared
with the necessity of positioning three elements in the
prior art constructions and methods, as set forth above.
After the improved button> loop construction is completed,
the breaking of 'so-me of the stitching does not result in
a button loop becoming loose and ineffective, as is the
case in the prior art constructions.
The above and other objects and further details of that
which I believe to be novel and my invention will be
clear from the following description kand claims taken
with the accompanying drawing, wherein:
to be secured, as by being sewn, to the finishing strip 12,
and a button loop portion formed by the cord 16, which
forms a plurality of spaced button loops 18 that extend
laterally from the straight strip 14 away therefrom. The
subassembly Sis complete when the button loop strip 10
is secured to the fabric finishing strip 12, which may be
made of nylon net or other suitable binding material.
The secnrement is preferably made by sewing a straight
line of stitching 20 through the straight strip 14 and the
finishing strip 12. When fully completed, the button
loop-finishing strip 8 exists as illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2.
(2) The subassembly 8 is attached to a garment by
being disposed adjacent to the raw edge 22 of a portion 24
thereof in the manner illustrated in FIG. 3, and by having
a straight line of stitching 26 sewn through the subassem
bly, that is, the finishing strip 12 and straight strip 14, and
the garment portion 24. After being attached to the gar
ment portion 24, as illustrated in FIG. 3, the subassembly
8 is folded under the garment portion 24 to its FIG. 4
position, wherein it may be permanently secured, as by
having the edge 30 of the ñnishing strip 12 sewn to the
garment portion. It will be observed in FIG. 4 that the
button loops 18 project beyond the smooth, folded over
manently secured to «the garment portion 36, by having
its edge 52 sewn thereto. It should be apparent from the
foregoing that the FIGS. 5-8 modification possesses sub
stantially all of the same advantages as the FIGS. 1-4
edge 28 of> the garment portion 24 into free positions
modification, but that the completed button loop-garment
wherein they may function in the conventional manner
as fastening button loops which cooperate with associated
fastening means, such as small buttons, on another gar
construction is slightly different, as a comparison of FIGS.
4 and 8 will establish.
In FIGS. 9-11 there is illustrated Vanother modification
of the invention which is the preferred form thereof. In
ment portion.
«It should be observed that the completed FIGS. 1-4 10 this modification, the button loop-finishing strip subassem
bly 54 comprises a unitary element. This -is to be clearly
button loop-garment construction possesses the advantage
distinguished from subassemblies 8 and 32 of the first two
over prior art constructions, that in the event that either
modifications which are .made of a separate button loop
the stitching 20 or 26 breaks, the button loops 18 will
strip anda separate fabric finishing strip. Contrasted with
not become loose, separated from the garment and ren
dered ineffective. It should also be noted that in attaching 15 those constructions, the subassembly 54 is unitary and
comprises an elongated, woven, knitted or braided, wide,
the subassembly 8 to the garment portion 24, it is neces
straight stn'p portion 56 and a wavy, button loop forming,
sary for the operator to maintain only two separate ele
cord por-tion 58, which are interwoven, interbraided or
ments in position, rather than Ithree separate elements as
knitted to each other. In effect, the subassembly 54 con
in the prior'art methods. This also results in a second
stitutes Aa button loop strip that is generally similar to the
stitching of the loops to the garment, thus giving an
button loop strips 10 and 34 of the first two modifications,
additional strengthening effect. These advantages con
except that it has a substantially wider straight strip por
stitute distinct improvements over the prior art construc
tion. Because the straight strip portion 56 is attractive,
tion and method.
it may function as a finishing strip, ‘and therefore, the sub
In FIGS. 5-8, there is illustrated another modification
of the invention and the method of making it. This 25 assembly 54 eliminates the separate finishing strip of the
first two modiñcations and the necessity of forming a sub
modification is also made in two principal steps: (l) the
assembly of tWo elements, namely a button loop lstrip and
preliminary step of forming a button loop-finishing strip
a fabric finishing strip, as in the first two modifications.
subassembly, and (2) the step of attaching this subassem
Subassembly S4 permits the formation of a plurality of
bly to the garment. In the FIGS. 5-8 modification, sub
assembly 32 is made by securing, as by sewing, a button 30 spaced button loops 60 on a garment by the single step of
loop strip 34 to a fabric finishing strip 36. The button loop
attaching the strip 54 to a portion thereof.
strip 34 is generally similar to the button loop strip 10 ofv
` Subassembly 54 may be attached to -a portion 62 of a
garment by folding under the raw edge 64 of the garment
the FIGS. 1-4 modification, and includes a woven, knitted
or braided straight strip 38 having a wavy, button loop
portion to form a smooth folded edge 66, disposing the
forming, braidedcord 40 secured thereto, as by being 35 subassembly 54 under the smooth folded edge 66 and
interwoven, knitted or interbraided therewith to form a
securing the subassembly 54 to the garment portion 64,
unitary button loop strip 34. The button loop strip 34,
therefore, comprises an elongated straight portion formed
by strip 38, which is adapted to be secured, as by being
bly and the garment portion. It desired, the subassembly
as by sevn'ng the line of stitching 68 through the subassem'
54 may be additionally secured to the Vgarment portion
sewn, to the finishing strip '36, and a button loop portion 40 62, as by having another straight 4line of stitching pass
formed by cord 40, which forms a plurality of spaced but
through the edge 70 thereof `and the garment portion.
rton loops 42 that extend laterally inwardly of the straight
' In view of the foregoing, it will be apparent that the
strip 38. '
FIGS. 9-11 modification possesses substantially all the ad~
The subassembly 32 is completed by securing, as by
vantages of the first two modifications and the additional
sewing, the button loop strip 34 to the fabric finishing strip 45 advantages of simplifying the method of Iassembly by:
36, which is generally similar to the fabric finishing strip
(l) eliminating the two-element, button loop-finishing
12 of the FIGS. 1-_4 modiiication, and which may be
strip subassem‘bly of the first two modifications and replac
made of nylon net or other suitable binding material.
ing it with a single element, and (2) by simplifying the
Preferably, a straight line of stitching 44 is sewn through
the straight strip 38 and the finishing strip 36.
attachment of this single element to a garment by per
50 mitting such attachment to be effected principally by
The FIGS. 5-8 subassembly 32 differs principally from
sewing a single straight line of stitching.
the FIGS. 1-4 subassembly 8 in the manner in which the
In FIGS. l2 and 13, there is illustrated the manner in
button loop strip 34 is disposed relative to the finishing
which representative, cooperative fastening portions of a
strip 36. This difference can clearly _be seen by compar-V
garment appear in a completed garment. In these FIG
ing FIG. 1 and FIG. 5. In FIG. 5, it will be observed that 55 URES, two fastening portions of a completed garment,
the button loops 42 extend inwardly of an edge of the
such as a bridal gown, are shown; one portion ’72 includes
finishing strip, rather than outwardly away from an edge
fastening means in the form of a plurality of equally
thereof as in the case of FIGS.1-4 modification. This
spaced, small buttons 74, and the other portion 76 in
different structural arrangement permits a slightly d_íjferent
cludes cooperating fastening means in the form of a
method of attaching the subassembly 32 to a garment 60 plurality of spaced button loops 78. The cooperative
from the one used to attach the FIGS. 1_4 subassemblyV
relationship of the buttons 74 and the button loops 78 to
8 to its associated garment.
eiîect fastening of the garment lportions is Well known in
'_I'he subassembly 32 is attached to a portion 46 of a
the art. An inspection of FIGS. 12 and 13 Awill indicate
garment, as can best `be seen in FIG. 7, by being juxta
that the button loops 78 have been provided on the gar
posed to the raw edge 48 thereof so as to have the button 65 ment portion 76 in the manner of the FIGS. 9-11 modi
loops 42 and finishing strip 36 extend away therefrom,
fication of the invention, in that the button loops form
an integral part of the unitary, button loop finishing strip
through the straight strip 38, the ñnishing strip 36 and the
80 subassembly which is secured to the garment portion
garment portion 46 near its raw edge 48. The condition
76 >by a line of stitching 82. Although FIGS. l2 and 13
of the elements at this stage of assembly is illustrated in 70 illustrate the preferred form of button loop construction
FIG. 7. The attachment of the subasser'nbly 32 to the
and method of effecting the same, it should be clearly
and by having the straight line of stitching 50 sewn
garment portion 46 is completed by folding the finishing
strip 36 around the raw edge 48 under the garment
portion 46 to the position illustrated in FIG. 8. When in
understood that either of the first two modifications can
be utilized in the FIGS. l2 and 13 environment in place
of the illustrated FIGS. 9-11 modification, and that after
the lFIG. 8 condition, the ñnishing strip 36 may be per 75 final assembly, their button loops are capable of functiow
ing in the same general manner as the button loops 78
illustrated in FIGS. 12 and 13 to cooperate with the but
tons 74 to detachably fasten the garment portions 72 and
76 together. It should also be clearly understood that
although -the FIGS. 9-11 modification is the preferred
form of the invention, the other two modiñcations possess
distinct advantages over the prior art.
As will be evident from the foregoing description, cer
tain aspects of my invention are not limited to the partic
2. In combination: a garment of fabric material includ
ing a raw free edge; and a button loop fastening device;
said device comprising an elongated strip of fabric iin
ishing material having a width suñicient to provide a
ñnishing cover for said raw free edge, Iand an elongated
button loop tape including a series of spaced button loops,
said tape being secured to said strip adjacent a longitudi
nal edge of said strip and disposed relative thereto so that
said button loops extend inwardly of said longitudinal
ular details of construction of the examples illustrated,
and I contemplate that Various other modifications and
applications will occur to those skilled in the art. It is,
therefore, my intention that the appended claims shall
edge; and said device being secured to said garment on
one side thereof near said raw free edge with said button,
cover such modifications and applications as do not de
substantial portion thereof disposed on the other side of
said garment, whereby said button loops project outward
part from the true spirit and scope of my invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent of the United States is:
l. A button loop fastening and edge linishing device
comprising: yan elongated strip of fabric tinishing material;
and a unitary button Iloop tape in the form of a narrow
elongated strip having a series of spaced button loops
projecting -from one edge of said narrow strip; said button
loop tape being secured to said strip of :fabric ñnishing
material adjacent a longitudinal edge of said strip and dis
posed relative thereto so that said button loops extend in 25
wardly of said longitudinal edge and in complete overly
ing contact with said strip of fabric finishing material.
loops extending outwardly of said raw free edge and said
strip extending around said raw free edge land having a
ly from and said strip covers said raw free edge.
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
Arnold _______________ __ May 8,
Smith _______________ .__ Aug. 25,
Wiherley ____________ __ NOV. l5,
Heller _______________ __ Oct. 23,
vSweeney _____________ __ Apr. 12,
Almond et al __________ __ Nov. 16,
McCann ______________ __ Feb. 8,
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