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Патент USA US3091875

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June 4, 1963
A. o. ERNST
3,091,865
ANGLE IRON BRICK LAYING GUIDE
Filed Aug. 15, 1959
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BY
June 4, 1963
A. o. ERNST
3,091,865
ANGLE IRON BRICK LAYING GUIDE
Filed Aug. 15, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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United States Patent 0 ”
1
3,091,865
ANGLE IRGN BRICK LAYING GUIDE
Alvin 0. Ernst, PA). Box 111, Bessie, Okla.
Filed Aug. 13, 1959, Ser. No. 833,476
4 Claims. (Cl. 33-85)
This invention relates generally to construction equip
ment and more particularly to a mason’s laid for provid
3,091,865
Patented June 4, 15%63
2
and lower plates. The invention further includes releas
able fastening means slidably securing said angle irons to
said plates, and securing means securing said angle iron
adjacent a corner de?ned by the lower courses of a brick
construction. Each of said plates includes a pair of sides
on ‘the perimeter thereof de?ning a right angle therebe
tween, said sides adapted for engagement with the corner
bricks :of said lower courses. This means serves to secure
ing a guide for properly laying bricks.
It has been found that brick laying may be r?acilitated 10 said angle iron and includes an upstanding wall on each
of said plates adjacent each or said slots, and setscrews
by adjusting or varying an angle iron at the corner of a
extending through said upstanding walls and engageable
brick wall Or such in a manner such that the entire side
with the component ?anges of the angle iron. The se
curing means includes a pair of apertured projections
thus, much time is saved in the construction of the brick
Within the marginal edges of the plates, rods overlying
wall
15 top surfaces of the plates and extending through the
It is the primary object of this invention to provide
apertures in said projections, said rods being in a plane
an angle iron brick laying guide for facilitating the laying
walls can be laid ‘at the same time the corners are laid;
of corner bricks to enable the corners to be laid at the
same time the side walls are constructed.
parallel with the adjacent plate and terminally hooked at
a tree end thereof. The hooked ends are adapted to be
It is a still further object of this invention to provide 20 (anchored and secured between adjacent bricks of said
lower courses spaced from said corner construction.
an angle iron brick laying guide which is adjustable and
With continuing reference to the drawings, the niuneral
may be moved upwardly along the wall construction
10 generally represents the brick wall construction in
adjacent the corner as the wall is being built. The guide
which it is ‘desired to construct the corner thereof gen
essentially comprises a pair of ?at vertically spaced plates
erally indicated by the numeral ‘12 at the same time the
having aligned angular slots therein. An elongated angle
member extends between the plates and through the ' remainder of the wall is laid. Accordingly, some type of
guide means must be provided.
slots. Releasable means in the form of s'etscrews passing
A pair of vertically spaced ?at plates 14 and 16,
identical in shape, are provided. Each of the flat plates
the angle member .for slidably securing the angle mem
ber between the plates. Securing means in the form of 30 14 and 116 has a right angular slot therein, indicated by
the numeral 18 (FIG. 2), with the companion lateral
elongated rods, hooked at one end, are provided for se
?anges of the angle iron 20 extending therethrough. This
curing the plates and angle member adjacent the Wall
through upstanding walls adjacent the slots, bear against
construction.
The rods are terminally threaded at a
second end and extend through apertures in projections
elongated ‘angle member or angle iron 20 de?nes a vertex
22 along the length thereof which is adapted to be utilized
as the reference line ‘or guide for the bricklayer. Adj-a
cent the right angular slots 18 in the plates 14 and 16, an
projections.
upstanding wall 24 is provided. The upstanding wall 24»
is perpendicular to the plane of the plate carrying it and
It is a still further object of this invention to provide
the respective component portions are provided with
.a novel brick laying guide which is extremely simple to
threaded apertures therein accommodating setscrews 26
utilize and which is inexpensive to manufacture and dis
tribute.
and 28 which are adapted to bear against the ?anges of
the angle iron 20. It will be noted that the component
It is a more particular object of this invention to pro
?ange-like portions of this wall are such and so located
Vide two di?erent types of brick laying guides; the ?rst
‘that they confront and are parallel to and cooperate with
being utilized on inside corners, the second being utilized
on outside corners.
45 the respective component portions of the slots and are
adapted, when in use, to embrace and ?rmly abut the
These together with other objects and advantages which
respectively intended ?anges of the angle iron. Accord
will become subsequently apparent reside in the details of
ingly, ‘with the plates 14 and d6 vertically spaced as in—
construction and operation as more fully hereinafter de
dicated in FIGURE 1, the setscrews 26 and 28 may be
scribed Iand claimed, reference being had to the accom
utilized to sliclably secure the angle iron or member 2%}
panying drawings forming a part hereof, wherein like
relative thereto; that is, with the setscrews 26 and 28
numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which:
loosened, the angle member 20 is free to slide relative to
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary side elevation-a1 View of a
the plates 114 and 16 within the slot 18. The angle mem
brick wall construction illustra' g the guide secured to
ber 20 may be prevented ‘from sliding by tightening the
the wall adjacent an outside corner thereof;
FIGURE 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken sub 55 setscrews 26 and 28 so that they bear against the elon—
gated tangle member 20.
stantially along the plane 2——2 of FIGURE 1;
Projections 30 and 32 ‘are formed integral with the
FIGURE 3 is a vertical sectional view taken substan
?xed on the plates. Nuts are threadedly received on the
terminally threaded ends of the rods and bear against the
tially along the plane 3-3 of FIGURE 2;
respective angular component portions of upstanding wall
provided with apertures through which rods
FIGURE 4 is an elevational plan view of a modi?ed
form of guide illustrating the guide utilized on an inside 60 34 and 36 extend. The rods 34 and 36 have book ends
brick wall corner;
,
38 which extend approximately perpendicular to the run
of the rods. The book ends 38 are adapted to extend
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the
into the mortar at 40 between adjacent bricks spaced
rod utilized with the outside corner guide; and
from the corner 12. The rods 34 and 36 have threaded
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary perspective View of the
rod utilized with the inside corner brick guide.
65 ends, remote from the hook ends, with the threaded
portions generally being designated by the numeral 42-.
Brie?y summarized the invention is characterized by a
A nut 44 is secured on the threaded end 42 and is adapted
pair of ?at vertically spaced plates. These plates are
to abut the projections 30 or 32.
alike in construction and have aligned right angular slots
The perimeter 46 of each plate, 14 or 16 as the case
therein which function to accommodate the complemental
?anges of the angle iron which, when in use, extends be 70 may be, is provided with a marginal edge portion which
is expressly designed and adapted to cooperate with the
tween the plates and has the ?anges thereof extending
corner of the wall which is under construction. The
through and beyond the slots in the respective upper
construction is such that it functions, generally speaking,
3,091,865
3
as abutment means and the latter is speci?cally charac
terized ‘by upstanding ?ange-like component portions
which border and are alined with the companion edges
of the marginal edge portion. These component portions
de?ne a right angle which is generally denoted at 48
and ‘which, more speci?cally, comprises the complemental
upstanding componentporti-ons 563 which’ as shown in
4
skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention
to the exact construction and operation shown and de
scribed, and accordingly tall suitable modi?cations and
equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope
of the invention ‘as claimed.
What is claimed as new is as follows:
1. A brick laying corner guide comprising a pair of
flat
vertically spaced plates, said plates being alike in con
FIG. 2, for example, are at right angles to each other and .
struction and having aligned slots therein, an elongated
131‘6 integrally joined to the component portions of the
linearly straight angle iron extending between said plates
upstanding wall 24. The outside corner of the brick Wall 10
and having ?anges thereof extending through said slots,
construction 10 is adapted to be accommodated within
said slots being of a shape and dimensions in plan corre
the right angle 43 ‘with the rods 34 and 36, and cooperat
sponding to the cross-section of the ?anges of said angle
ing nut 44, drawing the guide into engagement ‘with the
iron, releasable fastening means slidably securing said
corner 12.
‘angle iron to said plates, and securing means securing
In the utilization ‘of this embodiment, the rods ‘are
extended into the brick wall construction it} as indicated
particularly in FIGURES l and 2. The nuts ‘44 are
drawn tight against the projections 3tiland 32 so that the
plate 14 is drawn toward the brick wall corner 12. The
upwardly extending angle member offers the bricklayer
a reference line by which he may guide the placement of
the corner bricks. It will be noted that as the additional
tiers of bricks are applied in the wall construction, the
said angle iron adiacent a corner de?ned by the lower
courses of a brick construction, each of said plates includ
ing a pair of sides on the perimeter thereof de?ning a
right angle there-between, said sides adapted for engage
ment with the corner bricks of said lower courses, said
means securing said angle iron including an upstanding
wall on each of said plates adjacent each of said slots,
and set-screws extending through said upstanding walls en
ga-geable with the component ?anges of said angle iron,
elongated angle member 20 may be moved upwardly as
said securing means including a pair of apertured pro
desired. Moreover, the plates 14 and 16 and accompany 25 jections within the marginal edges of the plates, rods over
ing structure may be utilized in a manner such that they
lying top surfaces of the plates and extending through the
skip :over ‘each other ‘as the wall is erected.
apertures in said projections, said rods being in a plane
If it be desired instead to guide the inside corner of the
parallel with the adjacent plate and terminally hooked
brick wall construction It), the modi?ed form of the in
at a ?rst end thereof, said hooked ends being adapted to
vention illustrated in FIGURE 4 may be utilized. Herein, 30 be anchored and secured ‘between ‘adjacent bricks of said
a slot 60 of the same shape as the slot 18 in the initial
embodiment, slidably receives the ?anges of the elongated
tangle iron or member 62. The angle member 62 is re
ceived between the upstanding wall 64 bordering the slot
60 and the upstanding flange 66 adjacent the right angle 6%
formed on the perimeter of the plate 70. It will be noted
that in the embodiment of FIGURE 4, the vertex of the
‘lower courses spaced from said corner construction.
2. For ready attachment to and adapted to temporarily
support an end portion of a suitable angle iron when the
latter is being used ‘as a brick laying ‘corner guide; an
angle iron attachment comprising a rigid plate adapted
to assume a horizontal position in a plane at right angles
to the, angle iron, 21 median portion of said plate having
a slot therein, said slot being right angular in plan to
permit passage of the flanges of the angle iron through the
40
tend through threaded apertures in ‘the wall 64 to bear
accommodating component right angled portions of said
against the elongated angle member 62 for securing it.
slot, 21 top side of said median portion of the plate being
Upstanding projections 76 and ‘73 having apertures there
also providedwith a perpendicular wall, said wall being
right angle 63 extends :away from the elongated angle
member 62. Setscrews 72 and ‘74 are provided and ex
in are provided for receiving rods 8t} and 8-2 which
secure the plate 79 adjacent the brick wall construction
corner. The rods 3!} and 82 include hook ends 84 where
in the included angle between the hook end '84 and the
‘rod proper is an obtuse angle. A second end of‘ the
rods 36 and 82 is threaded at 86 and a nut 83 is received
thereon and bears against the projections '76 and 78.
Again, the vertex line of the angle member provides the
reference ior the laying of the corner bricks. In use,
when the nuts 88 are drawn tight, the plate 70 is forced
toward the corner'of the brick wall construction with the
right angle 6% bearing against the corner bricks. The
hook ends 84 of the rods 80 and 32 are received within
the mortarv 90 between adjacent bricks.
It will be noted that the difference between the embodi
ments of FIGURES Z and 4 is principally represented
by the right angle of the former having a vertex extend
ing toward the angle member or away from the brick
wall corner, in contrast to the vertex of the right angle in
FIGURE 4 which extends away from the angle member
and toward the corner of the‘ brick wall construction.
Further, in the former, the rods are di?erent than in the
latter inasmuch as in FIGURE 2, the nuts 44 must draw
the plate along the rods 36 and 34 so as to approach the
corner of the brick wall construction it). In FIGURE 4,
right angular in plan and component portions thereof
confronting and being parallel to and cooperating with the
coacting component portions of said slot and being
adapted, when in use, to embrace and ?rmly abut respec
tively intended ?anges of ‘he angle iron, a pair of like
elongated rods having adjacent inner end portions over
lying and substantially parallel to a cooperating top sur
face-of said plate and detachably and adjustably connected
to free outer end portions of said upstanding wall, said
rods being provided at opposite outer’ ends thereof with
hooks adapted to be embedded in mortar between adjacent
corner bricks at points spaced from the angle iron and
corner under construction, a marginal edge portion of that
end of the plate which is adapted to cooperate with the
corner being right angular in plan and the component
portions of which border and are lined with the com
panion edges of said right angular marginal edge por
tion, the components of said marginal edge conjointly pro—
viding abutment ‘means designed and adapted to abut
right angularly disposed surfaces of corner bricks.
3. The structure according to claim 2 and wherein the
component portions of said 'wall and the components of
said marginal edge are aligned with each other, integrally
joined and thus united, whereby to coordinate, orient and
rigidity the plate, Wall, and said rods.
4. A brick iaying corner guide comprising, in combina—
the plate ‘7% is pushed toward the corner of the wall
tion, a flat plate having, a marginal edge provided with a
construction 10 by utilization of the nuts ‘76.
:Itis thought that the particular structural features of 70 slot right angular in plan and adapted to accommodating
ly cooperate with companion lateral flanges of an angle
the invention should now be well understood along with
the operational details thereof.
The foregoing is considered as. illustrative only of the
principles of the invention.
modi?cations and changes
Further, since numerous
readily occur to those
iron, said marginal edge of said plate being provided ad
jacent said slot with a complemental integral upstanding
wall which is likewise, right angular in plan and the com
ponent portions of whichborder and register with the ad
5
3,091,865
jacent corresponding component portions of ‘said slot, said
plate being vfurther provided with an upstanding right
angular ?ange and the component portions of said ?ange
adapted to be anchored in mortar between predetermined
positioning and anchoring bricks.
being opposed to and parallel with the corresponding com
ponent portions of said upstanding wall and the inter
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
vening slot, said upstanding wall being provided with set
sorews, ‘said plate being ‘further provided inwardly of its
circumseribing marginal edges with upstanding projections,
UNITED STATES PATENTS
391,032
1,643,880
1,872,860
Driscoll ______________ _.. Oct. 16, 1888
Elder ________________ __ Sept. 27, 1927
Winter ______________ __ Aug. 23, 1932
and a pair of positioning and anchoring rods having ad
j acent inner end portions substantially parallel to and over 10
2,503,098
Crocker _________ _‘______ Apr. 4, 1950
provided ‘at outer ends with hooks and said hooks being
2,623,289
2,666,260
2,855,681
Kampel ______________ __ Dec. 30, 1952
Schneider ____________ __ Jan. 19, 1954
Andrews ____________ __ Oct. 14, 1958
lying said plate and adjustably and 'detachably connected
to the plate by way of said projections, said rods being
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