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Патент USA US3091896

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June 4, 1963
p. w. NUTTING
3,091,886
BOOK HOLDER
Filed Aug. 28, 1961'
5 Sheets-sheaf, l
JNVENTOR.
Donald W. Nuf?ng.
BYWHITEHEAD, VOGL 8| LOWE
PER
ATTORNEYS
June 4, 1963
D. w. NUTTING
3,091,886
BOOK HOLDER
Filed Aug. 28, 1961
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Fig. 2
INVENTOR.
Donald W. Nuf?ngz
BY WHITEH‘EAD, VOGL a OWE
ATTORNEYS
United State
$391,886
Patented June 4;’, 1963
1
2
FIGURE 5 is an elevational view of a portion of the
stand, similar to FIG. 3, but on a slightly enlarged scale
and showing an alternate construction thereof.
FIGURE 6 is a fragmentary detail, partially in sec
3,091,886
BOOK HOLDER
Donald W. Nutting, 1350 S. Grand Ave,
Glenwood Springs, Colo.
Filed Aug. 28, 1961, Ser. No. 135,102
10 Claims. (Cl. 45-85)
tion, as taken substantially from the indicated ‘line 6—6
at FIG. 5.
FIGURE 7 is a side elevational view of the book hold—
This invention relates to reading raids and more par
or portion of the assembly as taken substantially from
ticularly to devices and apparatus which are especially
adapted to hold books in a selected open position for the
bene?t of a reader. As such, the invention will be here
the indicated arrow 7 at FIG. 1.
FIGURE 8 is a fragmentary portion, in plan, of the
connective head of the book holder unit, as taken sub
stantially from the indicated line 8~8 at FIG. 7.
FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary sectional detail as taken
substantially from the indicated line 9—9 at FIG. 8.
FIGURE 10 is a fragmentary sectional detail as taken
substantially from the indicated line 10—10 at FIG. 8.
FIGURES 11-13 are diagrammatic outline views of
a book holder in several various positions in which the
inafter referred to as a book holder.
A primary object of the invention is to provide a novel
and improved construction of a book holder which ef
fectively grasps the top and bottom of an open book to
hold it open at any selected page and at any selected up
right, inclined or inverted position.
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel
and improved book holder for holding an open book in
assembly may be shifted to hold a book as desired.
a selected position for reading, combined with an im 20
A number of situations arise where it is desirable to
proved frame arrangement for the supporting holder
use a book holder to hold a book in an open position
which carries the holder on an improved, universally
for the reader. A common need is to hold a book for
swivelled means adapted to permit the holder to be shift
a convalescent. Such a device is also useful as for a
ed and oriented to any selected location.
posture improving means, and simply as a means of per
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel 25 mitting the reader a maximum of physical comfort while
and improved book holder which carries an improved
he is reading. This often permits a greater degree of
lighting means therefor, adapted to properly illuminate
concentration than would otherwise be possible. A read
the pages of an open book mounted in the holder, in a
er may desire to use a holder while sitting upright, while
manner which may completely avoid glare and visual in
leaning backwards or even while lying down in a supine
convenience to the reader.
30 position. Complete and proper relaxation can improve
Another object of the invention is to provide a novel
an individual’s reading e?‘iciency to a suprising degree
and improved supporting arrangement for a book holder
and several different types of book holders have been
which is adapted to be extended both elevationally and
developed with this purpose in mind. However, they
laterally to permit the book holder to reach any selected
have not been generally satisfactory primarily because
position at a substantial distance from the base portion 35 of their lack of flexibility. The complete and proper re
of the support.
laxation desired may require the assmuption of a number
A further object of the invention is to provide a novel
of different positions as at different times. To operate
and improved support for a book holder and the like
in the best manner, a book holder must be su?iciently
having an improved base construction which is especially
?exible to permit a book to be placed and held in a num
adapted to be secured and anchored by a simple use of
ber of different positions. Also, a book must be properly
a leg or post of a desk, bed or the like to permit the
illuminated at any selected position.
support to be extendably adjusted, elevational-ly and lat
With these needs in view the present invention was
erally, to selected position and at a substantial distance
conceived and developed and comprises, in essence, an
from the base portion of the support.
improved book holder construction which combines a
Other objects of the invention are to provide a novel 45 means for holding the book in an open position with an
and improved book holder for facilitating reading which
improved carrier framework which can extend the book
is a simple, neat-appearing, economical, rugged and dur
holding means upwardly and outwardly in a generally
able unit when used in its selected environment.
universal manner. Also a universal swiveling means
With the foregoing and other objects in view, all of
connects the holder to its frame and a simple and effective
which more fully hereinafter appear, my invention com
50
lighting means is mounted on the swiveling means to
prises certain novel ‘and improved constructions, com
shift with the holder.
binations and arrangements, of parts and elements as
Referring more particularly to the drawing, and to
hereinafter described, de?ned in the appended claims and
FIG. 11 thereof, the primary components of my organi
illustrated in preferred embodiment in the accompanying
zation include the book holder H, the frame F, and a
55
drawing in which:
light L. The frame F includes a base 10 and an ex
FIGURE 1 is an isometric view of the book holder
tensible standard 11 upstanding from the base. A lazy
stand combination in a partially retracted position, and
tongs arm 12 outstands from the stop of the standard.
with broken lines indicating a corner of a bedstead or
The book holder H is a?ixed to the extended end of the
like object in position for supporting the stand and with
lazy tong arm 12 by a universal swivel means 13 and the
other broken lines illustrating the outline of a book in 60 light L is mounted upon a hinged arm 14 which is also
position on the holder.
af?xed to the universal swivel means, all in the manner
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of the stand por
tion of the unit, with portions being broken away and
in section to show parts otherwise hidden from view and
as hereinafter brought forth as these various compo
nents are described in detail.
The base 10 is formed about a short, upstanding, tubu
with other portions being broken away and condensed to 65 lar socket 115, which is preferably a square tube adapted
conserve space.
to telescopically receive the standard 11 hereinafter de
FIGURE 3 is an elevational view of a portion of the
stand as viewed substantially from the indicated arrow 3
at FIG. 2.
FIGURE 4 is a sectional detail as taken from the in
dicated line 4-4 at FIG. 3, but on an enlarged scale.
scribed. The socket 15 is a?ixed to a pair of comple
mentary arms 16 which outstand from adjacent sides of
70 the square socket 15 at right angles with each other and
in the general form of upstanding triangular plates. Each
arm 16 is reinforced by a ?ange 17 along its top edge
3,091,886
3
and a ?at floor plate 18 which connects and reinforces
the bottom edges of theseaarms 16. This plate 18 also
extends to the undersurface of the socket tube 15 to bind
the assembly together. Whenever the leg of a bench,
4
removal and replacement ‘of the pawl to and from a
tooth of the spur gear 28.
The lazy tong arm 12 is formed in a conventional
desk or bed is set upon this ?oor-plate between the arms
16, as illustrated in broken lines at FIG. 1, the base 10
will be held tightly upon the ?oor and the unit will not
shift ‘or tip even when the arm 12 extends a maximum
distance from the standard 11. a
To complete this vbase, a pair of auxiliary arms 19 may
be swingably al?xed to the base between ears 20‘ and on
a shaft 21 toroutstand from the side of the socket tube
.
slideably drop into the outer tube even if the locking
arrangement of the knob 32, bearing against lock wash
ers 33 is accidentally loosened. The pawl 39 is formed
with a ?nger lever 39a which facilitates quick and easy
criss-cross pattern of short bars 40 having their ends
and centers connected together by pivot pins 41. One end
of this arm, formed by the opposing ends of a pair of
bars 4% is mounted upon the leg 24. Each bar end is pivot
ally af?xed to a short cylindrical collar 42 having an
outstanding ear 43 for connection to its bar as by a pin
15. These auxiliary arms 19 may be swung against the
44. The upper collar 42 is rotatably mounted upon the
‘sides of the adjacent ?xed arms 16 when they are not
needed but when they are used they may be swung out 15 leg 24 and is held against sliding along the leg by a
circular abutment 45 on the leg 24 ‘at the underside of
wardly to supplement the ?xed arms 16 as in the man
the collar. The lower collar 42 is slideably and rotatably
ner illustrated at FIG. 1.
mounted
upon the circular leg 24 to permit the lazy tong
The standard 11 includes an outer tube 22 which is
arm 12 to be properly extended and retracted by‘ sliding
preferably square in section and which telescopically
action of the lower collar 42 along the leg 24 and with
and snugly ?ts into the socket 15 of the base to upstand
both collars permitting the arm to rotate about the axis
therefrom. The standard 11 also includes a second smaller
of the leg 24 to any selected direction.
inner tube 23 which is also preferably square in section
and which telescopically and slideably ?ts within the
The universal swivel means 13 is mounted upon an
upright cylindricalarm 46 of a similar construction to
outer tube 22 and upstands from the top thereof in an
the leg 24. This arm 46 is rotatably and slideably
25
‘adjustable manner to vary the height of the unit as here
mounted in short cylindrical collars 42 having ears 43
inafter described. A circular leg 24 upstands from the
which are pivotally connected to the extended ends of a
vtop of the inner tube 23 to swingably carry the outstand
pair of bars 40 at the end of the lazy tong arm 12. A
ing lazy tong arm 12 as clearly illustrated at FIG. 1.
circular abutment 47 is formed at the top of this arm
The extensible movement of the inner tube 23 into and
46 to rest against the upper side of the upper collar 42,
out of the outer tube 22 is controlled by a manually oper
with arm being rotatable in the upper collar 42 and being
ated mechanism, a rack gear arrangement. In preferred
rotatable and slideable on the lower collar 42. It fol
construction, an array of uniformly‘ spaced slots 25 is
lows that this cylindrical arm 46 permits the swivel means
formed at one side of the inner tube 23 to form rack
teeth. A hearing support 26 is af?xed to the outer side
of the outer tube 22 near its top edge and at the side
adjacent to the slots 25. This bearing support holds a
transversely disposed shaft 27, which, in turn carries a
spur gear 28, and which is ‘keyed thereto. The spur
gear engages with the slots 25 to move the inner tube
23 upwardly and downwardly responsive to rotation of
the shaft and spur gear 28.
A ?rst turning knob 29 is keyed to one side of the
shaft 27 as by a pin 30 illustrated at FIG. 4. This handle
may be rotated to rotate the spur gear 28 to raise and
lower the inner tube 23. The other side of the shaft 27,
13 to be swung about a vertical axis to any selected di
rection.
The lower end of the arm 46 is formed as an inverted T
48 having cylindrical stubs 48a outsanding from each
side of the central axial leg of the T. A comparatively
heavy link type, doubled U-shaped clamp 49 is adapted
to embrace the T 48 with stubs 48a thereof being at
one crotch of the clamp in a bearing socket 50. The
outstanding ends of the clamp are pulled together by a
bolt 51 which lies in a socket-like portion 52 at the com
plementary crotch of the clamp. A threaded portion ‘of
this bolt upstands from the upper surf-ace of the clamp
49 and a knob 53 is turned onto this portion to tighten
the ‘assembly and to lock the clamp 49 onto the studs
as at 31 and a second turning knob 32 is secured to'the
48a at any selected inclination with'respect to-the ver
shaft upon these threads. The threads are adapted to
tical axis of the T leg 48.
turn into the handle 32 whenever downward movement
A shaft 54 which outstands from the shank of the bolt
of the inner tube 23 occurs to rotate the spur gear 28, 50 51 and extends through a loosely ?tting ori?ce 55 at the
and this inward movement ‘of the threads tends to shift
end of the clamp 49 to be oriented along the axis of the
the handle 32 against the side of the bearing support
clamp. The end of this shaft 54 is threaded to receive
26 and against frictional lockwashers 33 at the base of
a circular holding nut 56 and a ?anged sleeve 57 is ro
the handle 32. This shifting action provides for an auto
tatably carried upon the outstanding portion of the shaft
matic braking to prevent sudden dropping of the inner 55 54 and is held thereon by the nut 56. The sleeve 57 is
tube 23 into the outer tube 22, and whenever height
formed with a ?ange 58 which snugly abuts against the
adjustments are made to the inner tube 23, the handle
end of the clamp 49. One end of this ?ange is ex
V 32 must be turned to release this braking action. An
tended and turned to form a pair of ears 59 which con
unthreaded portion 34 is formed in the threaded portion
stitutes a hinged connection for carrying the arm 14 of
31 on the shaft ‘27 and a lock screw 35 is mounted in the
the light L. A circular array of indentations 60 lie in the
hub of the knob 32 to extend into this unthreaded por
face of this ?ange 58, about the axis of the sleeve, and
tion to serve as a stop and prevent the handle 32 from
a small socket 61 is formed in the contacting end of the
being accidentally turned off the threads.
clamp 49 to carry a ball 62 and spring 63 therein. The
An alternate construction of the extension mechanism
spring 63 urges the ball into any indentation which
is illustrated at FIGS. 5 and 6 wherein the bearing sup
may be in registration of the socket 61. In this manner
port 26a is modi?ed by an arm 36 which outstands from
the sleeve 57 may be rotated to any selected position
the bearing support, support 26a, to extend about and to
about the axis of the shaft 54 and held in that/position
partially embrace the spur gear 28. The end of this arm
which projects from the bearing support 26, is threaded
is bifurcated to form a yoke 37 which holds a shaft 38
above the spur gear. A pawl 39 is pivotally mounted 70
on this shaft 38 to bear against the tooth of the spur
gear 28 as illustrated at FIG. 6. When the pawl 39 is in
the position illustrated with its arm bearing against a
tooth of the spur gear, the inner tube 23 is eifectively
locked in position within the outer tube 22 and will not
by the resilient locking action of the ball 62 moving
into an indentation 60.
a I, "
The book holder H is formed upon aflongitudinally
slotted sleeve 64 which slideably and telescopically ?ts
over the holding nut 56 and the sleeve 57. A lug 65 is
affixed to the ?anged end of. the sleeve 57 and a short
slot 66 is formed in the sleeve 64 toreceive this lug and
3,091,886
5
to force both sleeves to rotate in unison. The sleeve 64
is also slotted as at 67 at a position diametrically op
posite to the position of the lug 65 and a clamp 68 em
braces the sleeve 64. This clamp is adapted to squeeze
the sleeve 64 as by a knob~nut 69 to hold the sleeve in
a tight position upon the under sleeve 57 and to hold the
book holder assembly upon the swivel means 13.
The book holder includes a central rod 70 which is
'6
?oor plate 18 to secure it in its selected position. ' The
height of the unit is ?rst adjusted by raising the inner tube
23. Next the lazy tong arm 12 is rotated and extended
to properly position the book holder assembly. ‘ The book
holder assembly. H is then rotated upon the universal
swivel means 13'to whatever position might be desirable
for comfortable and easy reading, as in any of the posi
tions illustrated at FIGS.>11, 12, and 13. After such ad
welded or otherwise a?ixed to the sleeve 64 to extend
justment the entire assembly is locked into place by merely
along the longitudinal axis thereof and to outstand from 10 turning knob 53. The lamp L is then swung to any posi
the swivel assembly. In use it is contemplated that this
tion by pivoting it about the arm 14 and pivoting the arm
rod 70 will lie at the central dihedral crease of the open
pages of a book with the pages of the book extending
from each side of the bar 70'. A ?xed end-abutment
71 is also a?ixed to the end of the sleeve 64 in a position
which is transverse to the axis of the sleeve and the bar
70. The under edge of this end abutment is turned in
wardly to lie ‘against the sleeve and to form a ?anged con
14 about its connecting shaft 85 and locking the assembly
into position by knob 86. Finally a book is placed upon
the holder H with the open pages resting upon the oppos
ing shelves 73. Final adjustments are made by properly
extending ‘the wires 80 at each end of the shelf and adjust
ing the position of the intermediate support 81 if it is re
quired. Finally the book is snugly and securely held in
necting portion 72 which holds a transversely disposed
page-retaining shelf 73. This shelf includes connecting 20 place between the end abutments 71 and 76. While the
book must be released from the holder to turn the pages,
slots 74 and is connected to the ?ange 72 by snugly
the apparatus permits easy relaxed reading.
,
?tting bolts 75. Thus, the width of the shelf 73 may be
varied with respect to the end abutment 71 to allow for
di?erent marginal clearances of different books.
A complementary adjustable end-abutment 76 is 25
mounted upon a clip 77 which is slideably carried upon
the bar 70 and which may be held in place by any suit
able frictional locking means. This adjustable end-abut—
ment is formed with a ?ange 72 which carries a page
retaining shelf 73 adjustably affixed to the ?ange as by
connecting slots 74 and rivets 75 heretofore described.
Also, a sponge rubber pad 78 may be af?xed to the sur
face of this adjustable end ‘abutment, as shown at FIG.
7, to secure the edge of the book with a snug resilient
?t and, while not shown, the ?xed end abutment 71 may
also include such a pad.
When properly laid into position upon the book holder,
an open book will be centered upon the bar 70 with the
I have now described my invention in considerable de
tail but it is obvious that others skilled in the art can
build and devise alternate and equivalent constructions
which are within the spirit and scope of my invention.
Hence I desire that my protection be limited, not to the
constructions illustrated and described, but only by the
upper scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
1. In combination with a frame having an outstanding
supporting arm, a book holder adapted to be carried at
the base of the supporting arm, and comprising a T leg
depending from the arm, a double-crotch U-clamp having
one crotch embracing the arms of the T leg whereby to
permit rotation of the clamp about the axis of the arms
of the T leg, a lock bolt spanning the other crotch of the
clamp and being adapted to bring the legs of clamp to
gether to lock it upon the T leg, a shaft extending from
pages lying against the shelves 73, one shelf being at
the top and the other shelf being at the bottom of the open 40 the side of the bolt and between the legs and along the
axis of the clamp, a ?anged sleeve rotatably mounted
pages ‘and with the end abutments 7-1 and 76 gripping
upon the shaft with the ?ange thereof carrying a lamp
the top and bottom of the book. As a further modi?ca
tion, for larger books, each shelf 73 is formed with its
holding means, a lockable sleeve telescopically mounted
inner edge being inwardly curled to provide a tubular
upon the ?rst said sleeve and carrying a book holding
socket 79 to slideably hold extension wires 80. These
means and means adapted to lock the second sleeve upon
wires, of fairly rigid material such as piano wire, are 45 the ?rst and to lock the ?rst sleeve upon the shaft.
especially useful in holding large flimsy material such
2. In the organization set forth in claim 1, wherein the
as sheet music and magazines.
?ange of the ?rst said sleeve ‘bears against the end of the
Also, to supplement the wires, one or more intermediate
clamp, a lock means in the clamp adapted to bear against
supports 81 may be formed of rigid wire, with the center
the face of the ?ange and indentations about the ?ange
50
of the support being ?t to form a tight loop 82 which grips
adapted to be selectively positioned in registration with
the bar 70 and with each end of the intermediate support
the lock means by rotation of the sleeve upon the shaft
wire extending transversely therefrom in substantial
whereby to selectively orient the sleeve upon the shaft.
spaced parallelism with the edges of the shelf 73, as clearly
3. In the organization set forth in claim 1, ‘wherein said
illustrated at FIGS. 1 and 8.
55 book-holding means includes a central rod extending
The lamp L is formed with a suitable shade 83 Which
axially from the sleeve, a ?xed-end book abutment a?ixed
directs the light emanating from it in the single direction
to the end of the sleeve transversly to the central rod and
of the holder H when it is rotated to a proper position
a movable end-book abutment mounted upon the central
as illustrated, the shade being pivotally mounted upon
rod.
the arm 14 in an axis which lies in substantial spaced 60
4. In the organization set forth in claim 1, wherein said
parallelism with the transverse edges of the shelf 73. As
book-holding means includes a ?at central rod extending
illustrated, the arm 14 may be a bifurcated member with
axially from the sleeve, a ?xed end book abutment af?xed
legs thereof being pivotally connected to the lamp. The
other end is connected to a hinge component 84 which
to the end of the sleeve transversely to the central rod,
engages the cars 59 of ?ange 58 as heretofore described,
a page-retaining shelf mounted on the abutment, a mov
the hinge component 84 and the ears 59 being intercon 65 able end book abutment slideably mounted upon the cen
nected by a shaft 85 carrying an adjustable lock knob 86.
tral rod and a page-retaining shelf mounted upon the abut
The light is operated by a suitable switch 87 and suit
ment in spaced opposition with the ?rst said page-retain
able circuit wires, not shown, are threaded upon the ap
ing shelf.
paratus as from the base portion, across the lazy tongs 12, 70
5. In the organization set forth in claim 4, a resilient
down the swivel means 13 and arm 14 and to the light in
pad mounted upon an abutment to more effectively grip
any conventional manner as desired.
Operation of the unit is manifest from the foregoing
the end of a book.
6. In the organization set forth in claim 3, a transversely
description. The frame is set at a selected location and
disposed extension wire adapted to be mounted upon the
preferably with the leg of a bed or desk resting upon the 75 central rod between the abutments and being adapted to
3,091,886
7
hold thecentral portion of the. pages ofv an open book ly
ing upon the holder.
. 7. In the organization set forth in claim 4, extension
v8
mounted over the said shaft and being adapted to
be rotated and to be locked thereon at any selected
position.
9. In the combination de?ned in claim 8 including a
wires in the pageretaining shelves adapted to be extended
from eachv end of the shelf and to facilitate the support 5 vertically-axised pivot means at the frame arm and with
said support means being ‘carried in the pivot arm for
of pages of large books.
rotation thereof about a vertical axis.
8. In combination with aframe having an outstanding
10. In the combination de?ned in claim 8 including a
supporting arm a book holder adapted? to be swivelly car
second lockable sleeve mounted upon said shaft and
ried at the base of the supporting arm, and comprising,
(a) a horizontallyeaxised support means depending 10 having a light-holding extension arm thereon, with said
second sleeve being adapted to be rotated and to be
from, the frame arm;
locked on the shaft at any selected position with respect
(b) a clamp means embracing the support means and
to the ?rst said shaft.
being adapted to swing thereon about the horizontal
axis and generally in a vertical plane;
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
(0) means adapted. to tighten. the clamp means to the
UNITED STATES PATENTS
support means at any selected position;
(21), a shaft outstanding from the clamp means sub
1,969,547
Corsgren ____________ __ Aug. 7, 1934
stantially perpendicular’ to the axis of the support
2,136,701
Manierre ____________ __ Nov. 15, 1938
means. and being thereby adapted to be swung in a
20
vertical arc‘ by rotation of‘ the clamp means, and
(e) a book holding arm including a lockable sleeve
2,333,376
2,480,233
Hopkins _____________ __ Nov. 3, 1943
Fuller _______________ __ Aug. 30, 1949
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