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Патент USA US3091999

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June 4, 1963
J. s. MURANO
3,091,989
INSTRUMENT MOUTHPIECE
Filed May 6. 1960
/7
INVENTOR.
(Joseph S . Mara/10
BYWW
ATTORNEY.
5
I Er
assists
‘ "
1
Patented. June a, 1963
,
2
-
section. By referring to FIGURES 2 and 3 of the draw—
ings, it will be seen that a mouthpiecefor a reed instru
ment such as a clarinet has been conceived following the
disclosure of my aforesaid patent with the marked excep
tion of the formation of the tone conveying passageway
therethrough. In FIGURES 1, 2 and 3 the body portion
10 of the mouthpiece will be seen to be tapered longitudi~
nally exteriorally while de?ning a cylindrical bore 11
therethrough. The body portion 10 has an extension 12
10 of reduced diameter which enables the mouthpiece to be
lNsTRUMéigg‘l?igUTmmaE
xoseph S. Mumuo’ 318 Milan Ave.’ younggmwn’ 0mg
Filed May 6, 1.969, Ser. No. 217,383
2 Claims. (Cl. 84——3$3)
This invention relates to an instrument mouthpiece and
more particularly to a mouthpiece for use on a clarinet or
other reed instrument.
The principal object of the invention is the provision of
a mouthpiece for a clarinet, or other reed instrument, the
tone conveying portion of which is formed with a pair of
oppositely disposed recessed channels in its sides to enable
the passage of clearer, fuller tones from the reed and lay
telescopically affixed to the particular instrument with
which it is employed. A bushing 13 of resilient material,
such as cork, is positioned in an annular channel formed
in the extension 12 of the mouthpiece in order that a
area of the mouthpiece to the instrument to which it is 15 satisfactory joint between the mouthpiece and the instru
ment to which it is attached may be obtained. By re
attached.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a
ferring to FIGURES 2 and 3 of the drawings, it will be
mouthpiece for a clarinet, or other reed instrument where
in the tone conveying passage formed therein includes the
seen that a rectangular tone conveying passageway 14 ex
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of the mouthpiece in in- _
sageway 14 as described results in the ability of the same
to convey, rounder, fuller musical notes from the reed
tends from the innermost end of the cylindrical bore 11 of
usual generally rectangular tone conveying portion lead 20 the mouthpiece to the lay area 15 which de?nes the elon
ing from the reed and lay area of the mouthpiece to the
gated opening of the mouthpiece over which the reed (not
tubular body portion thereof and has the heretofore
shown) is normally positioned. It will be seen that the
straight vertical side walls of said tone conveying portion
tone conveying channel 14 includes a top surface 16 which
cut away longitudinally to form tone improving chan
is concave transversely at its point of junction with the
nels.
25 inner end of the cylindrical bore 11 and that it is substan
A still further object of the invention is the provision of
tially ?at at its outermost end which is at its point of junc
a mouthpiece for a clarinet, or other reed instrument the
tion with the thin tapered end 17 of the mouthpiece and
inner tone conveying channel of which is formed in a
that said top surface 16 is slightly curved longitudinally.
cross sectionally cruciform or cross shape to enable the
The bottom surface 18 of the tone conveying passageway
passage of clear, rounder, fuller tones from the reed and 30 14 is substantially transversely ?at and is relatively short
lay area of the mouthpiece to the tubular body thereof.
as it extends from the innermost end of the opening in the
The invention disclosed herein resides in the design of
lay area 15 to the innermost end of the vertical bore 11.
the inner tone conveying passageway of a mouthpiece for
The side walls of the tone conveying passageway 14 are
a clarinet, or other reed instrument, the design differing
substantially vertical as best seen in FIGURE 2 of the
from the mouthpiece construction heretofore known in 35 drawings and each has a recessed channel 19, 19 formed
the art primarily in the formation of the tone conveying
therein. Each of the recessed channels 19, which are in
passageway with a pair of oppositely disposed passageway
oppositely disposed relation to one another, extend from
widening channels in its longitudinal sides which enable
areas of the opening in the lay area 15 to the innermost
the tone passageway to convey tones of a greater fre
end of the cylindrical bore 11. The side walls 20‘ de?ning
40 the outermost sides of the channels 19, 19 are substantially
quency range than heretofore thought possible.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which
vertical. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, passageway 14 in
will appear as the description proceeds, the invention re—
cludes an upper channel between top surface 16 and the
sides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in
tops of channels 19, and further includes a bottom chan
the details of construction hereinafter described and
nel between lsottom surface 18 and the ‘bottoms of chan
45
claimed, it being the intention to cover all changes and
nels 19. Thus the cross sectional shape of the modi?ed
modi?cations of the example of the invention herein
tone conveying passageway 14 extending from the opening
chosen for purposes of the disclosure, which do not con~
in the lay area 15 to the inner end of the cylindrical bore
stitute departures from the spirit and scope of the inven
11 is substantially cruciform or cross shaped as may be
tion.
best
seen in FIGURE 2 of the drawings. The side walls
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying draw 50 20 of the recessed oppositely disposed channels 19', 19
ing, wherein:
are parallel and the formation of the tone conveying pas
verted position.
FIGURE 2 is an end elevation on line 2—2 of FIG
URE 1.
,
FIGURE 3 is a vertical section on line 3-3 of FIG
URE 2.
55
(not shown) (which is normally positioned on the lay
area 15 of the mouthpiece and extends across the opening
therein) to the cylindrical bore 11 of the mouthpiece.
It is believed that the formation of the tone conveying
passageway 14 and channels 19 as disclosed herein permits
the passage of a wider range of tone frequencies than has
ular it will be seen that an improved mouthpiece for a
60 heretofore been possible in a mouthpiece for a reed instru
reed instrument, such as a clarinet, has been conceived
ment. As a result of the passage of a wider range of tone
and designed following a conventional pattern with the
By referring to the drawings and FIGURE 1 in partic
exception of the formation of the mouth engaging portion
frequencies through the improved mouthpiece, as disclosed
herein, the reed instrument on which the improved mouth
thereof which is formed in accordance with the disclosure
of my patent, No. 2,411,692 of November 26, 1946. As 65 piece is used produces a wider range of frequencies par
ticularly in the lower middle frequency range as the tones
disclosed in said patent the mouth engaging portion of the
are noticeably rounder, fuller and more mellow than those
mouthpiece illustrated in FIGURE 1 includes a smaller,
produced by an instrument using a mouthpiece without
thinner formation enabling the musician to hold the
the present invention.
mouthpiece between his teeth while his mouth is in a nor
mally near closed position and thereby avoiding the ten 70 It will thus be seen that the tone conveying passage
way 14 modi?ed by the oppositely disposed tone convey
sion that occurs when the mouth engaging portion of an
ing channels 19, 19 formed in the sides thereof forms an
instrument mouthpiece is formed with a relatively thick
instrument mouthpiece meeting the several objects of my
3,091,989
3
invention and having thus described my invention, what
I claim is:
1. A mouthpiece for a single reed woodwind instru
ment, said mouthpiece having a cylindrical bore extend
ing inwardly from one end thereof, the opposite end of 5
said mouthpiece having a conventional reed lay, said
mouthpiece having a cruciform passageway extending
from said lay to said bore, said cruciform passageway
ll
2. A mouthpiece as de?ned in claim 1, wherein said
passageway is de?ned by a plurality of smooth surfaces
extending between said reed lay and said bore.
References Cited in the file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,411,692
Murano _____________ __ Nov. 26, 1946
655,634
France ______________ __ Dec. 18, 1928
having top, bottom, and side channels, said top channel
extending from the tip of said mouthpiece and merging 10
into said bore, said bottom channel extending from a point
inwardly of the inner end of said bore outwardly to said
lay.
FOREIGN PATENTS
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