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Патент USA US3092107

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June 4, v1,963
H. ¿Moss
Filed Sept. 29. 1960
2:1' .5.
Ífdl‘úzd J M055’
BY ¿www
Patented June 4,1963
In the drawings a hollow housing 2 is shown, represent
Harold J. Moss, Cieveiand, Tenn., assigner to Magic
Chef, Inc., a corporation of Delaware
Filed Sept. 29, 196€), Ser. No. 59,402
2 Claims. (Cl. 126-194)
This invention relates to hinge mounting means for
doors, and will be described with particular reference to
an oven door on a range.
However, it is to be under
stood that the invention may be applied to other doors on
other articles.
ing the outer housing of a kitchen range or the like and
having a front panel 4 defining a front surface which in
turn defìines an oven opening 6 and, as illustrated, a fur
Ul ther opening 8 therebelow which may be an opening for
a drawer or the like. In the opening 8 a suitable drawer
(not shown in detail) may be mounted and provided with
a front cover or panel 10 overlying the margin of the
opening 8. As shown, the oven opening 6 and drawer
opening 8 are spaced inwardly from a side wall 12 of
the range housing to provide a hollow chamber-like space
14 between the oven and the drawer space and the side
Briefly, the invention comprises a novel and simpliñed
hinge assembly adapted to be mounted in the range for
panel 12.
axis of the door may be adjusted, either at the time of
end pivotally mounted to a side wall 9 of the drawer
A hinging means comprising a llat strap of sheet metal
supporting the oven door in such a manner that the hinge 15 is formed to provide a shank portion 16 having its lower
assembly or subsequent thereto, to position the door,
when in its closed position, at the desired distance from
or in abutting contact with the front face of the range
housing. The novel hinge structure comprises a hinge
member having a relatively long shank portion pivotally
mounted to the range housing on the interior thereof and
having its other end formed to a general hook-shape and
projecting outwardly through the front face of the hous
ing. The free end of the hook-shaped member carries a
hinge pivot on which a second hinging member is pivotally
mounted, said second hinging member being attached to
the oven door to hingedly support the same. An adjust
ing screw extends from the front panel of the housing in
wardly to an intermediate point on the shank of the lirst
named hinge member whereby rotation of the screw
effects adjustment of the hinge axis toward or from the
front of the range housing. Means are provided for lock
ing the screw against inadvertent change of position. The
hinge means further includes a counterbalancing means
comprising an arcuate arm extending from the second
hinge member and into the housing for attachrnent to a
counterbalancing spring.
compartment by suitable pivoting means 18, shown herein
as a bolt and nut. The shank portion 16 extends upward
ly from the pivot 1S and terminates in a laterally directed
hook portion 2li. The hook portion 20 extends forwardly
and outwardly of the housing 2 through a slot 22 in the
front face or wall 4 of the range housing. The hook
portion 26 includes a downwardly extending end portion
24 carrying a hinging pivot pin 26 thereon. While the
hinge member comprising the shank 16 and hook portion
20 are shown as including an olîset bend 28 therein, the
same will be referred to hereinafter as being substantially
Intermediate its ends the shank portion 16 is provided
with an opening 30 (see FIG. 3) in‘which a trunnion nut
32 is pivotally mounted. The trunnion nut 32 comprises
a barrel pontion extending through the opening 30 and a
thin head 34 bearing against one face of the shank
portion 16. The barrel portion of the nut 32 is provided
with a transverse threaded opening 36 therein through
which an adjusting screw 38 is threaded. ’I‘he axis of
rotation of the trunnion nut 32 is substantially parallel to
the pivotal axis on which the shank portion 16 is mounted,
at 18, whereas the axis of the threaded opening 36 is trans
It is therefore an object of this invention to prow'de
hinging means for a door, and particularly an oven door, 40 verse to that axis.
which can be adjusted either at the time of assembly of
The adjusting screw 38 extends forwardly and out
the range or subsequent thereto, Ito adjust the hinge axis
toward or from the front face ofthe supporting structure.
Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge
means of the type set forth that is not only adjustable
but entirely concealed when the door is closed and sub
stantially concealed when the door is open.
Still another object of the invention is to provide a
hinge means of the type set forth including a counterbal
ancing arm as a part thereof.
A further object of the invention is to provide a hinge
means of the type set forth that can be adjustably posi
tioned as described and then positively locked in the de
sired position of adjustment.
A still further object of the invention is to provide an
adjustable hinge means of the type set forth wherein the
adjustment may be performed from outside the housing
by the manipulation of inconspicuous adjusting means.
wardly through an opening 40 in the front panel 4 and
is provided with a slotted head 42 bearing against the
outer or front face of the housing. A suitable lock washer
44 and lock nut 46 are mounted on the screw ‘38 adjacent
the inner face of the panel 4.
A second hinge member 4S is likewise formed of flat
strap sheet metal and includes a portion Si) (FIGS. l and
2.) pivotally mounted on the hing-ing pin 26 previously
50 described. The portion 5t) is provided with a flange 52
at one edge thereof for a purpose to be described.
hinge member 48 extends upwardly from the portion 50
and is offset laterally at S4, then upwardly to define a
further portion 56 from which an integral arcuate anni
58 extends rearwardly and downwardly. 'Ilhe arcuate
arm 58 is concentric to the axis of hinge pin 26 and ex
tends inwardly through the front panel 4 to the interior
ofthe housing, through a slot 60 in the front panel. The
An additional object is to provide a hinge means as set
arm 5S curves inwardly and downwardly, `as shown in
forth that is simple and economical in construction, yet 60 FIG. 2, in a plane laterally offset :from the hook portion
eñicient and reliable in operation.
Other and additional objects and advantages will be
come apparent to those skilled in the art as the description
proceds with reference to the accompanying drawings,
Ztl and the portion 5t? of hinge member 48. At its lower
end t‘he arcuate arm 58 is provided with an opening 62
in which one end of a tension spring 64 is hooked. The
other end of the tens-ion spring `64 is secured to any suit
65 able holding means (not shown) ñxed in the space 14 of
FIG. l is a fragmentary front elevational view of a
the housing 2.
portion of a range, with parts broken away, illustrating
An oven door of the usual construction is provided
the hinge means of the present invention;
for closing the access opening 6. The door includes a
FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken substantially
relatively thick portion 66 extending into the oven open
along the line 2-2 of FIG. l; and
70 :ing and a hollow flange-like portion overlying the outer
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional View taken
edges of the opening 6. The flange-like portion is pro
substantially along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2.
vided with a front `face panel 68 and inner sheet metal
panels including a panel portion 70 adjacent the slot 22.
Another inner metal portion 72 of the oven door is pro
vided with a slot '74 in alignment with the slot 22 of panel
4 and a second slot 76 «in alignment with the slot 6%,
previously described. The slot ’74 and the hollow inte
rior of the flange-like portion rof the door thus define a
:further adjustment of the hinge axis 26 after the range
is assembled, the screw1`38 may be forcibly manipulated,
through its head 42, to effect such minor adjustment. It
is .to be noted further that lthe head 42 is the only portion
of the adjusting mechanism visible from the exterior of
fthe housing and it is located between adjacent edges of
recess in the inner face of the oven door into which the
the `oven door and the drawer front 10 so that it is yacces
hook-shaped member 20 extends. rIlhe ñange 52 of the
hinge member 4S is bolted or otherwise secured to the
sible but inconspicuous.
While a single specific embodiment of the invention has
door member 70 to »thereby mount the door on the range
been shown and described herein, it is to be understood
that other modifications may be resorted to within the
scope of the appended claims.
As will be apparent, the door is thus mounted for hing
ing movement .about the hinging pin Z6 and upon such
hinging movement the arcuate arm SS swings out
wardly and inwardly through the slot 6d. The tension
spring 64 constitutes a counterlbalance for the oven door.
It will vfurther be noted that »the hinging .of the oven
I claim:
1. An enclosure comprising, a housing having a front
face defining an access opening, ñrst hinge member pivot
ally mounted in said housing on an axis generally parallel
to said front face, a portion of said hinge member extend
door is located within a recess therein so that the entire
ing outwardly of said housing and having a hinging pivot
hinge structure is completely concealed when the door is
thereon adjacent an edge of said access opening, adjust-ing
means for pivotally adjusting and holding said hinge mem
ber about its pivotal axis whereby to adjust said hínging
Upon assembly of the range ‘the parts are mounted as
shown and it is desirable that the inner face of the ñange~
like portion of the oven door abut quite snugly against
the front face of the housing ‘but without suihcient pres
sure to cau-se distortion of the parts.
pivot toward yor .from said front face and hold the same
lin said ñxed position, said adjusting means including
means for securely locking said hinge member in a se
To achieve that 25 lected position of pivotal adjustment, and a door for said
result without resorting to extremely precise manufactur
ing methods and the precision location of various parts,
which is extremely expensive and difficult to achieve, the
access opening pivotally mounted on said hinging pivot,
2. An enclosure las deiined in claim l wherein said
adjusting and locking means includes a screw having a
head bearing ‘against said front face adjacent said open~
desired adjustment of the door position may be etîected
by rotating the screw ‘38 to thus swing the shankportion 30 ing, said screw extending into said housing and being
«threaded «into a member pivotally mounted on said hinge
16 about its pivot 18 and place the axis oi hinge pin 26
member, and a lock nut on said screw arranged to Ihear
at the exact desired distance from the front face of panel
against an inner surface of said housing.
4 of the housing. ‘ When the hinge is thus >adju-sted to the
desired position the lock nut 46 is tightened and the hinge
References Cited in the file of this patent
is thus locked in the desired position oi adjustment. To 35
further insure locking of the hinge in the desired position
of adjustment against inadvertent displ-acement and to
prevent looseness, the trunnion nut 32 may be dimpled by
pressing a portion inwardly, as shown at '78 in FIG. 3 to
thus jam a portion of the nut against the threads of adjust 40 ì 2,77 6,65 5
ing screw 3S.
2,917,040 v
_ If it is ever found necessary or desirable to accomplish
Slopa ________________ __ Feb. 19,
Pearce ________________ _.. Aug. 7,
Ferguson et al ___________ __ Ian. 8,
Aten et al _____________ __ Feb. 18,
Aten'__'___'_____'_ _____ __ Dec. 15,1959
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