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Патент USA US3092321

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June 4, 1963
s. w. WILCOX ETAL
3,092,311
PARTY VOTING APPARATUS FOR VOTING MACHINE
Filed June 28, 1961
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PARTY VOTING APPARATUS FOR VOTING MACHINE
Filed June 28, 1961
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PARTY VOTING APPARATUS FOR VOTING MACHINE
Filed June 28, 1961
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INVENTORS
STANLEV W. Wmcox,
BY EDWAQD d.Cn2oss|.A:dD
ROBERT B. McCAs|<|LL
AjrrotZM E-YS
a
United States Patent 0 "ice
3,892,3l i‘
Patented June 4, 1963
2
change his vote after the party vote mechanism is operat
3,082,311
PARTY VOTING APPARATUS FQR
VOTlNG MAQl-llNE
Stanley W. Wilcox, Edward J. Crossland, and Robert B.
McCaskill, Tulsa, Okla, assignors to Seismograph
Service Corporation, Tulsa, 05th., a corporation of
Delaware
Filed June 28, 1961, Ser. No. 120,251
26 Claims. ((31. 235-54)
ed so that he need not vote for every candidate of his
party unless he prefers to do so. The present invention
is concerned with a new and improved party voting
mechanism for use in voting machines of the type previ
ously described employing sliding selectors for indicating
the voter’s choices.
The principal object of the invention is, therefore,
to provide a new and improved party voting mechanism
10 ‘for use in voting machines of the character described
above to permit the voter to cast ‘all or a majority of his
This invention relates generally to voting machines
votes for the candidates of a particular political party.
and is particularly concerned with an improved party vote
It is also an object of the present invention to provide
mechanism for use in light, compact, easily transportable
a party vote mechanism utilizing the o?ice stops which
relatively inexpensive voting machines of the general type
disclosed in copending U.S. patent applications Serial 15 limit sliding movement of the voting keys for moving the
keys in unison until all keys are disposed in positions
adjacent the candidates of the selected political party.
1960, and all assigned to the same assignee as the present
Nos. 74,825, 74,887, and 74,888, all ?led on December 9,
A further object of the invention is to provide a party
vote mechanism in which the of?ce stops in each column
divided into columns and rows providing a large number 20 are mounted upon an elongated strip with all or several of
the strips being driven by a single motor in order to move
of selecting positions. At each selecting position a manu
invention.
Voting machines presently in use employ a voting panel
ally operable selector is provided for operation by the
in unison the voting keys associated with these strips.
voter in making his choice. These machines require
elaborate interlocks to satisfy all of the conditions which
may be necessary in the various jurisdictions using voting
Another object of the invention is to provide a party
vote mechanism of the type described above in which
the elongated strips may be detached from the driving
motor to permit insertion of the office stops for purposes
machines.
hus, it is necessary to interiock the selectors
of programming prior to the election.
so that in a contest where a single choice must be made
The invention has for another object the provision of
between two or more candidates, it will be impossible for
a new and improved party vote mechanism having its most
the voter to operate more than one selector. Moreover, in
some instances the voter is required to case votes for two 30 expensive components assembled as a separate unit so that
this unit may be removed to facilitate supply of voting ma
or more candidates of a relatively large group and in
chines at decreased cost to jurisdictions where party vot
such cases it is necessary that interlocks be provided to
ing is either not permissible or undesirable.
prevent overvoting, that is, the arrangement must be such
It is another object of the invention to provide a vot
that after the required number of choices have been made,
each vote so that the voter may exercise choices only on
ing machine including new and improved means for
looking out the party vote mechanism to prevent actuation
of the latter as, for example, during primary elections
where no party vote is permissible.
The foregoing and other objects are realized, in accord
ance with the present invention ‘by providing a voting
those issues for which he is eligible. Interloeks must be
provided to prevent the casting of votes on other issues.
machine having a front panel formed by a plurality of
side by side columns each supporting on its outer face a
Thus, it is apparent the interlock mechanism is extremely
complex and adds considerably to the size and weight of
a list of different issues or candidate groups to be voted
it is impossible to operate any additional selectors. In
addition, in some elections as, for example, in primary
elections or in decisions on questions where only a particu
lar class of voters, such as property holders, may partici
pate, the machine must be set up prior to the casting of
strip extending lengthwise of the column and containing
the machine. Moreover, since each election presents a 45 upon by the voter. Each group is divided into several
selecting positions listing the different alternatives or
completely different set of interlock problems, it is obvi
candidates for that particular o?ice. The candidate groups
ous that the task of setting up or programming the ma
of each column are separated by otlice stops mounted
chine is exceedingly laborious and time consuming and
within perforations in an elongated strip extending through
can be perforated only by highly skilled persons. As a
a slot in that column, the stops being insertable in differ
result of the complexity of construction, the voting ma
chines now in use are very expensive, can be maintained
ent positions along the strip during programming to set
and/ or repaired only by skilled persons, are large, heavy
and bulky so that they cannot be transported easily to and
from the voting station before and after elections and,
up the machine for a particular election. A second strip
extending through each column carries vertically spaced
pins for actuating the key restoring mechanism, these pins
in addition, they occupy a tremendous amount of storage 55 also ‘being insertable at different positions during pro
space between elections. In addition, the weight of these
machines makes them suitable ‘for use only in buildings
which have ?oor areas capable of supporting them, a prob
gramming of the machine. Mounted for sliding move
ment upon the column are several voting keys or selectors
there being provided in each o?ice group a number of
lem which in some instances leads to the location of a
keys exactly equal to the number of votes being cast in
voting station at a point not centrally or conveniently lo~
that group. Thus, in the usual o?’ice group where a sin—
gle selection must be made from a group of candidates,
cated in the area served.
The inventions disclosed and claimed in the above
only one voting key is provided and this key may be
moved from a neutral position adjacent one of the office
stops to a selecting position adjacent the name of the can
resent a considerable advance over the prior art and atiord
solutions to the problems discussed by use of slideable 65 didate selected by the voter. This key cannot be moved
past the of?ce stops and, hence, only one vote may be
voting selectors movable to di?erent positions to indicate
identi?ed applications Serial Nos.‘74,825 and 74,888 rep
the voter's choices. In certain jurisdictions, provision
must be made for party voting whereby the voter may
cast within the ot?ce group. If more than one vote is to
be cast within an o?ice group, several voting keys equal
in number to the total number of votes to be cast are
cast all or a majority of his votes for candidates of a single 70 inserted between the o?ice stops de?ning that group. If
political party merely by operating a single lever or other
cumulative voting is permitted, the name of each candi
operating mechanism. However, the voter must be free to
date will appear more than once on the candidate strip
3,092,311
'3
4
and, hence, the voter may divide his votes in any manner
which he desires by giving all or several of his votes to a
The scanning device takes the form of a horizontal rail
which may be rocked about its longitudinal axis so that
during sweep in one direction it senses the voter’s selec
tions and during sweep in the opposite direction, it re
stores all of the voting keys to their neutral positions.
When the scanning rail reaches the end of its sensing
sweep, a detent thereon is engaged by a ?xed stop to rock
single candidate or by splitting them among several can
didates. Each column also supports a plurality of detent
springs for holding the voting keys in neutral position or
in any voted position selected.
The party vote is accomplished, in accordance with
the present invention, by moving all of the voting key-s in
the rail to a position wherein the counter actuators can
unison from their neutral positions through a preselected
not engage the counters during the return or key restoring
number of selecting positions until all keys are adjacent 10 sweep. When the rail is rocked, a set of key restoring
the candidates of one political party. This means that
devices become effective to engage the voting keys and
all of the candidates of a given party must be listed in se~
lecting positions equally displaced from the neutral posi
return them to their neutral positions.
The invention, both as to its organization and manner
tion. The movement of the voting keys in unison is ef
of operation, together with further objects and advan
fected by moving all of the strips carrying the o?‘ice stops. 15 tages thereof will best be understood by reference to the
Since each voting key when in neutral rests against an
following detailed description taken in conjunction with
of?ce stop, the movement of the o?ice stops, of course,
the accompanying drawings wherein:
results in corresponding movement of the voting keys. To
FIG. 1 is a front elevational view illustrating a voting
effect the movement of the strips carrying the o?ice stops,
machine characterized by the features of the present in
the opposed ends of each such strip are connected to ?exi
vention;
ble wires and the wires are wound over appropriate pulleys
FIG. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional view taken
along a line substantially corresponding to the line 2—2
ual actuation of a party vote switch by the voter results
of FIG. 1;
in turning of the motor by an amount corresponding to
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary, sectional view taken along a
the switch position and, hence, causes a corresponding 25 line substantially corresponding to the line 3—3 ‘of FIG.
movement of the strips and office stops. The strips and
2, assuming, of course, that the latter shows the entire
of?ce stops are returned to their original positions after
construction of the voting machine;
the voting keys have been moved so that each individual
FIG. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional view taken
key may be moved manually by the voter in the event
along a line substantially corresponding to the line 4——4
that he desires to vote for One or more candidates not 30 of FIG. 1;
listed by the political party selected.
FIG. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional view taken
The machine is programmed by unlocking column re
along a line corresponding substantially to the line 5—5
taining panels to permit the office stop strips and the key
in FIG. 1 with certain parts broken away to facilitate the
restoring strips to be removed from their associated col
illustration;
umns and by then inserting the office stops, the key restor 35
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary, sectional view taken along a
ing pins, the voting keys and the candidate strips in proper
line corresponding substantially to the line 6-6 in FIG.
positions. The key restoring and party vote strips are
4, assuming, of course, that the latter shows the entire
then inserted back into the column whereupon the o?‘ice
construction;
stop strips are attached to the party vote mechanism and
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary, sectional view taken along a
the housing is then locked by assembling the retaining 40 line substantially corresponding to the line 7—7 in FIG.
panels.
4, assuming again that the latter shows the entire con
The machine is set up according to the voter’s classi?
struction; and
cation either manually by operating a switch or automati
FIG. 8 is a fragmentary, sectional view taken along
cally by means of a card which is held in position while
a line corresponding substantially to the line 8-8 in
the voter moves the voting keys to make his selections.
FIG. 5.
If the automatic senser is used, means are provided for
Referring now to the drawings and ?rst to FIG. 1, one
and over a drum which is driven by a motor. The man
determining the voter’s classi?cation from the card and
form of the voting machine of the present invention is
for preventing removal of the card after it has been prop
there identi?ed generally by the reference numeral 20 and
erly inserted. The sensing means renders effective only
comprises a substantially enclosed housing 21 formed by
those columns containing issues upon which the voter is 50 a number of panels locked together in any suitable man
quali?ed to pass. After the selections have been made
ner as, for example, by means of interlocks as described
by movement of the keys, the voter starts the vote register
in detail and claimed in copending, simultaneously ?led,
ing operation by depressing a “Vote” switch which starts
application Serial No. 120,249 of Hugh H. Bright et al.,
the movement of a scanning device along the rear of the
assigned to the same assignee as the present invention.
voting panel and, ‘at the same time, begins the closing of
a cover or curtain for the front panel of the machine.
A counter panel at the rear of the voting machine con
tains a plurality of removable, plug-in type counters, one
for each selecting position on the front panel containing
In the event that the voting machine breaks down or
if, for any other reason, access may be desired to the
interior of the housing 21, one or more of the panels
may be removed by unlocking the appropriate key oper
ated lock for locks. Moreover, access may be had by the
a candidate or issue to be decided by the voter and all 60 precinct o?‘icials to the rear of the voting machine to
other positions on the counter panel are left blank. The
read the counters after the election has been completed
scanning rail carries one counter actuator for each column
by unlocking and opening rear doors 22 (FIGS. 2 and 3)
and also associated with each column is a solenoid for
in the manner described in the Bright et a1. application
rendering the actuator for that column effective. Thus,
referred to above. In addition, a power panel door 23
only those solenoids associated with columns containing
located on the right side of the machine as viewed in
issues on which the voter is quali?ed to pass are effective
FIG. 1 may be unlocked and opened to permit connection
to condition their actuators for operating the counters
and in all other columns the actuators cannot actuate the
of an electrical cable to a remote voter classification unit
(not shown) as described and claimed in copending ap
As the scanning device moves along the panel, at each 70 plication Serial No. 120,214 of Robert B. McCaskill ?led
simultaneously herewith and assigned to the same assignee
position where one of the voting keys in one of the col
as the present invention.
umns has been moved to a selecting position, the actuator
The housing 21 de?nes an upper, generally vertically
associated with that column is rendered effective to ad
extending voting panel section identi?ed by the reference
vance the counter corresponding to that selecting position
numeral 24 and a lower power supply section 25 extend
and, hence, a vote is registered on the latter counter.
ing forwardly from the upper section and forming a relay
counters regardless of the position of the voting keys.
3,092,311
5.
6
tively low shelf 26 through which extends a manually
operated “Vote” switch 27. The lower section of the
column to permit the voter to make his selections. In
addition, each column is provided with a groove or slot
4Q opening to the rear of the column for accommodating
housing beneath the shelf 26 may also contain a party
vote mechanism indicated generally by the reference num
ber 1'70 and described in detail hereinafter.
In the form of the invention shown in the drawings,
the selections made by the voter are adapted to be re
corded‘ or registered upon counters 28 located on a counter
panel 29 (FIGS. 2 and 3) located at the rear of the voting
a second, perforated, elongated strip 50 carrying a plu~
rality of detent release pins 51 located at spaced positions
therealong for a purpose which will become evident as
the description proceeds. To identify the perforations in
the second strip 50 to facilitate programming, there may
again be provided consecutive numbers running from top
machine and after the election the counter readings are 10 to bottom.
To consider the operation of the voting machine of
recorded by the precinct omcials on a tabulating sheet
the present invention, let it be assumed that the column‘
which is then transported to a central counting or tabula
301; contains two o?ice groups, namely, an ot?ce group
tion station where the results of the election may be com
puted.
in which the voter must select between candidates A, B
The front face or panel 30 of the upper section 24 is 15 and C and a second o?ice group in which the voter must
choose between candidates‘ D, E and P. Let it be further
made up of a plurality of side by side vertically extending
assumed that the vvoter is entitled to vote for only one of
columns 38a, 30b, 3&0, etc. While eleven vertical col
the three candidates in each oti‘ice group. Thus, under
umns are shown, it will be apparent that this is merely
these conditions, the candidate strip 40 inserted into the
for illustration since in actual practice any desired num
ber of columns may be used. As is best shown in FIG. 3 20 receiving channel 37 of the column Stlb will contain a
?rst of?ce title 40a listing the title of the o?ice for which
of the drawings, each of- the columns Mla, 39b, etc. com
the candidates A, B and C are running and, in addition,
prises an elongated member preferably formed’ of an ex
will contain beneath this ?rst ol?ce title three selecting po
truded material such as aluminum. The extrusion is such
sitions respectively listing the three different candidates.
that each column comprises a central body portion 32
having an inwardly extending, longitudinal rib 33 adja~ 25 Below the ?rst of?ce group will be a second o?ice title 4%
and three selecting positions listing the three different
cent a curved spring receiving region 31 lying alongside
candidates competing for the second of?ce. A pair of
the rib 33 and extending longitudinally of the column.
o?ice stops are inserted Within appropriate openings 42a
A relatively thick edge portion 34 extends longitudinally
above and below the ?rst of?ce group with the bottom
along one side of the body portion while a transversely
and longitudinally extending ?ange or leg 35 is formed at 30 stop ‘being provided at a position adjacent to but im
mediately below the bottom selecting position contain
the other side. A ?ange 36 extends along the entire length
ing the name of the candidate C. The upper stop lies
of the column at the rearwardly disposed end of the leg
above the selecting position for the candidate A and is
35. A channel 3'7 formed by elongated recesses 38 and
separated therefrom ‘by an additional or neutral position
359 respectively formed in the edge portion 34 and the leg
35 receives a printed or written candidate strip 40 con 35 adjacent which is the oi‘hce 40a. A voting key 43::
is adapted to slide along the column 3%!) between the two
taining different o?ices or propositions to- be decided by
stops but obviously this key cannot pass either of the
the voter. Thus, for example, if the election is a national
election, this strip may contain an office title such as
“President” and therebeneath may appear the different
stops. The key may be moved from the neutral or non
voting position located adjacent to the upper stop to any
candidates competing for this o?ice. The o?ice title and 40 one of the three selecting or voted positions within the
?rst oiiice group and as the key moves along the column
the candidates for the o?ice will be referred to hereinafter
an outer pointer or indicator 52 thereon passes over the
as an “office group.” However, it should be understood
candidate titles A, B and C. When the key reaches the
that the term “o?ice group” may also refer to proposi
position of the candidate selected by the voter, it is re
tions on which a yes or no ‘answer is required as, for
leased. Since the voter is provided with only one key for
example, on bond issues, constitutional amendments or
the ?rst o?ice group, he may, of course, select only one
the like. Each of the candidate positions or voting posi—
of the three candidates and, as a consequence, it is not
tions in each office ‘group. will be referred to hereinafter
necessary
to provide an interlock arrangement for pre
as a selecting position. Each of the channels 37 may
venting further voting in this oi?ce group. A similar sit
also receive a transparent cover 41 overlying the printed
uation exists in the second oi'?ce group of the column
candidate strip 40 for the purpose, of preventing the latter
3012 where a second voting selector or key 48b is mounted
strip from being marked‘ or damaged by the voter using
for sliding movement along the column between stops
the machine.
.
respectively located above the o?ice title 40b and below
A groove 43 is provided in the rear face of the body
the candidate F. The number of selecting positions
portion 32 for receiving an elongated strip 42 having a
available in each of the columns is, of course, determined
series of vertically spaced openings 42a therein accom
solely by the height of the column and the space occupied
modating of?ce stops 44 which divide the ditferent o?ice
by each selecting position. Obviously, any suitable num
groups of each column. Each office stop comprises a pin
ber of selecting positions may be provided but in one
having a stem extending through one of the openings 42a
form
of the present invention, thirty such positions were
and protruding outwardly beyond the strip ‘42 and. rear
used although, to simplify the illustration, a lesser num
wardly of the column. An enlarged, rectangular shaped,
ber is shown in FIG. I. The selecting positions of the
?at head 44a on each o?‘ice stop seats within a groove or
columns
30a, 3%, 300, etc. are horizontally aligned to
slot 45 formed in the body portion 32 adjacent the
form different horizontal rows on the front panel of the
groove 43, thereby permitting vertical movement of the
voting machine with each row corresponding to a trans
strip 42 and the o?‘ice stops along the column for a pur
versely extending row of counter positions on the counter
pose which is described more fully below. To facilitate 65 panel 29.
insertion of the ofiice stops in the proper positions along
In cases where the voter is permitted to exercise more
the strip 42 during programming of the voting machine
to set it up for an election, there may be provided adja
cent the perforations of each strip consecutive numbers
running from top to bottom and corresponding to the
different selection positions along the column. The edge
portion is further provided with an elongated, longitudi
than one choice in a particular ot?ce group, as for ex
ample, in the o?ice group of the column 301' shown in
FIG. 1, several keys may be provided. In the latter
office group, the voter is permitted to select between
any two of six candidates G, H, I, I, K and L. The selec
tion is, of course, made by moving voting keys 48c and
48d from their neutral positions adjacent the upper o?ice
grooves 46a and 46b for accommodating one or more
stop above the office title 4th‘ to selecting or voted posi
voting keys or selectors 48 which are slidable along the 75 tions adjacent the names of the candidates selected, the
nally extending guide rail 47 lying adjacent a pair of
3,092,311
movement of the two keys obviously being limited by
ment. A ?nger grip 61 extends forwardly from the point
a lower stop below the candidate L. If cumulative vot
er 52 to facilitate movement of the key by the voter. A
slot or channel 62 formed in one side of the key receives
ing is not permitted, the names of the candidates G, H,
I, I, K and L will appear only once and, hence, only one
‘the ?ange 36 of the adjacent column. The latter ?ange
vote may be cast for any one candidate.
However, if
prevents the voter or anyone else from inserting a tool
cumulative voting is permissible, that is, if the voter may
or other object through the slot formed between adjacent
columns in an attempt to disrupt the operation of the
machine. The rearward portion of the voting key is
provided with a curved detent engaging region 63 pro
cast more than one of his votes for a single candidate,
then the names of the candidates will be listed in each
office group more than once. In the case illustrated in
column 301' if the voter is permitted to cast both of his 10 truding rearwardly from the body portion of the key and
votes for one candidate, then the name of each candidate
shaped to seat snugly within the notches 57 and also to
is listed twice and, if the voter so desires, he may cast
?ex the detent ?ngers 55 {during movement of the key
both votes for his chosen candidate by moving both of
along the column. The rearward portion of the key is
the voting keys 48c and 48d to positions respectively ad
also provided with a tooth 64 for use in restoring the
jacent the two listings of that particular candidate. After
key to its neutral position after the vote is cast as will
the voter has moved both of the keys 48c and 48d to a
be described in more detail hereinafter. Finally, the
selecting position, he cannot, of course, cast additional
votes for other candidates and, hence, over-voting is pre
rearward portion of the key is provided with a curved
surface portion 65 for engaging the counter actuating
vented without the use of elaborate interlocks between
the voting keys.
The voting keys are held in the neutral and selecting
mechanism described below during the vote sensing sweep
20 of the scanning rail.
positions by detent means 53 associated with the columns.
This detent means preferably takes the form of a plu~
rality of detents located one above the other within a
longitudinally extending channel 33a formed in the rib 25
For the purpose of permitting assembly of the keys,
the o?ice stops 44 and the pins 51 on each column dur
ing programming prior to the election, a top cover 66
extending over all of the columns may be removed to
permit the strips 42 and 50 to be withdrawn from the
channels or grooves 43 and 49, respectively. The cover
33 with the detent being secured within this channel by
a bent somewhat J-shaped resilient end portion 54 which
66 comprises a pair of parallel, horizontal bars 66:: and
snaps into the channel 33a and holds the detent ?rmly
66b (FIG. 2) interconnected by a plurality of cross
in position. The detents are closely packed within the
braces 66c. The cross braces are detachably secured to
channel 33a along its length in order to avoid movement 30 a top frame member 67 of the voting machine housing
of the ‘detents longitudinally of the column. Each de
as, for example, by means of knurled screws (not shown).
tent includes a laterally extending curved detent ?nger
When the top cover is removed to permit withdrawal of
55 extending outwardly from the J-shaped end portion
the strips 42 and 50, the office stops 44, the pins 51 and
54 with each ?nger carrying at its outer end a key en
the keys 48 may be inserted in the proper order as the
gaging portion 56 (FIG. 3). The curved detent ?nger 35 strips 42 and 50 are pushed back into their column chan
55 lies along the curved portion 31 of the column to pro
nels. Thus, to program the column 30b described above,
vide a rigid backing for each detent. Each of the key
the candidate strip 40 and transparent cover 41 for that
engaging portions 56 is bent to form a key holding notch
column are slipped into the channel 37 and the bottom
57 between adjacent keys of the column. To this end,
stop for the lower o?ice group (D, E, F) is inserted into
each detent ?nger extends outwardly from the J-Shaped
the numbered hole in the strip 42 corresponding to the
end 54 for a distance such that its key engaging portion
stop immediately below the position of candidate F
56 is disposed in the path of sliding movement of the
whereupon the voting key 48b is slid onto the column
voting keys on the column. The detent ?ngers are nor
by dropping it from the top. This is accomplished by
mally ?exed or biased to occupy the position shown in
placing the voting key channel 58 over the rail 47 and
FIG. 3. When a voting key is slid along the column to
sliding the voting key downwardly over the detent ?n
move over a detent ?nger, the ?nger is ?exed rearwardly
of the front panel 30 or upwardly as viewed in FIG. 3
and if the key ‘is stopped either at a selecting position or
at a neutral position, it seats within one of the key hold
gers 55 and along the column. The upper stop for the
lower o?‘ice group is next inserted at the proper position
for limiting the upward movement of the key 48b. The
lowermost stop of the upper o?ice group is then assem
ing notches 57 and is thus resiliently held at the selected 50 bled and the voting key 48a is placed on the column
position with the adjacent detent ?ngers holding the key
in the manner previously described. Finally, the upper
being disposed in their non-?exed positions. To pro
o?ice stop of the upper o?’ice group is placed in posi
vide a detent for each selecting position on the voting
tion to limit the upward movement of the key 48a. Pins
panel, the J-shaped end portion is of such height that
51 are inserted along the strip 50 at proper positions for
the detent ?ngers are vertically spaced apart to form
releasing the key restoring mechanism to permit the lat
notches 57 which are separated by a distance correspond
ter to turn over the voting keys after the keys have been
ing to the width of one of the selecting positions and
restored to their neutral positions during the key restor
the detent ?ngers 55 are so oriented with respect to the
ing sweep of the scanning rail as is described more fully
stop receiving openings 42a that when a voting key is
below. After all of the columns have been properly pro
in its neutral position seated again-st an office stop 44, 60 grammed in the manner described, the cover 66 is re
it is also seated within a notch 57.
placed and the housing 21 is then locked to prevent ac
The voting key 48 is described in detail in simultane
ously ?led copending application Serial No. 120,281 of
cess to the cover 66 during an election so that neither the
voter nor the precinct o?icials can tamper with the set
Joseph 1.. Hull et al., assigned to the same assignee as the
tings of the o?ice stops, the pins 51 or the strip 40 while
present invention, but brie?y it will be observed that this 65 the election is in progress.
key or selector may comprise a generally rectangularly
After the voter has made his selections upon the voting
shaped body member having the pointer 52 referred to
panel of the machine, his choices are adapted to be re
above extending laterally therefrom to overlie the edge
corded or registered upon the counters carried by the
portion 34 of the column. The rail 47 on the column ex
counter panel 29. The latter panel extends along the
tends loosely through a guide channel 58 formed in the 70 rear of the voting machine within the housing 21 and
key with ribs 59 and 60 formed on the key being respec
tively seated within the grooves 46a and 46b of the col
umn, thus permitting sliding movement of the key along
the column but, vat the same time, prohibiting removal of
generally parallel to the front panel 30 and is constructed
as described in detail in the above-identi?ed copending
application S.N. 120,281 of Joseph L. Hull et a1. As is
described in the latter application the panel 29 comprises
the key by the voter and also limiting lateral key move 75 a large ?at plate 70 carrying a plurality of elongated,
3,092,311
19
spaced apart, parallel vertical ribs 71 de?ning a plurality
but described in the above identi?ed McCaskill applica-.
of columns 72a, 72b, etc. equal in number to the number
of columns 30a, 3012, etc. of the front panel 30 used for
voting. As was indicated above, the panel 29 is adapted
tion Serial No. 120,214 to a series wound drive motor 85
to support a plurality of the detachable counters 28 one
such counter being used for each voting or selecting posi
tion employed for voting on the front panel 30. To this
end, the panel 29 has a number of counter receiving posi
(FIG. 1) having its output shaft connected through suit
able reduction gearing and through a sprocket and chain
arrangement as to drive a scanning mechanism indicated
generally by the reference numeral 87. When the “Vote”
switch 27 is operated, the scanning mechanism is located
at the top of the voting machine and, hence, it is swept
tions thereon for receiving the counters and prior to the
election, counters are assembled on the panel only at
along the rear of the voting panel in a sensing or vote
detecting direction and remains at the bottom of the panel
receiving positions corresponding to the voting or select
until it is returned to the top at the start of the next voting
ing positions to be used during the election. No counters
cycle by the insertion of a properly positioned, valid
are inserted at positions corresponding to the neutral posi
voter identi?cation card as is disclosed in copending Mc
tions of the voting keys and none are mounted at positions
Caskill application Serial No. 120,214, referred to above.
corresponding to the vacant positions on the front panel 15 During the return sweep of the scanning mechanism 87,
the voting keys 48 are all returned from their voted posi
not used for the election, thus economizing upon the
number of counters required and minimizing both cost
tions to their neutral positions in a manner described in
and weight. Along each column of the counter panel
are provided pairs of holes 73a and 73b with the different
detail and claimed in simultaneously ?led, copending ap
plication Serial No. 120,250 of James E. Hawkins et al.,
pairs being spaced apart vertically and with each pair
assigned to the same assignee as the present invention.
being adapted to receive feet 28a formed on each of the
detachable plug-in counters 28. Each counter is of the
The mechanical drive for the scanning mechanism 87
includes a horizontal output shaft 88 extending along the
bottom of the machine and carrying the output sprocket
of the sprocket and chain asesmbly 86. The shaft 38
type described and claimed in copending application Serial
No. 120,241 to Hugh H. Bright, ?led simultaneously here
with and assigned to the same assignee as the present in 25 drives a pair of sprocket and chain drives including ver- _
vention and, as a result, these counters will not be de
tically extending chains 89 and 90 located at opposite
scribed in detail. Each column on the counter panel is
sides of the voting machine. When the scanning mecha
also provided with an elongated vertical slot 74 formed in
nism 87 completes its vote sensing sweep, a lower limit
the plate 70 for receiving counter operating ratchets 75
switch 91 is actuated by an arm 92 carried in ?xed posi
of all of the counters mounted in that column. Elon 30 tion on the chain 99 at which time the drive to the motor
gated detent springs 76 are carried by the panel ribs 71
and each has a plurality of spring ?ngers 77 cooperating
with tabs 78 formed on opposite sides of the counter
casing to hold the counters in position, each counter being
held by one pair of spring ?ngers. Each counter is in 35
serted into position on the counter panel by holding its
85 is interrupted. When the scanning mechanism is
moved upwardly to return to its original position, an upper
limit switch 93 is engaged by an arm 94 on the chain 89
to stop the motor drive. [It should be apparent that by
appropriate changes in design, the sensing sweep could
begin at the bottom of the panel although in this case the
voting keys would be in their neutral positions when they
casing at the top and bottom between the thumb and
fore?nger and by then pushing the counter past the detent
were located adjacent the lower stop of each office group.
spring ?ngers 77 until the counter ratchet 75 extends
The scanning mechanism itself comprises a horizontal
through the slot 74 with the feet 28a ?tting into one pair 40 rail 95 having its opposed ends mounted for turning move—
of the openings 73a and 73b. The detent spring ?ngers
ment upon carriage assembles 96 and 97 respectively
77 snap over the tabs 78- to hold the counter in position.
carried by the chains ‘89 and 90. The carriage assemblies
are ?xedly secured to the chains and are guided for ver
As was previously indicated, the precinct oi?cials may
tical movement within suitable ?xed guide channels pro
read the counters at the completion of the election by un
locking and opening the rear doors 22 in the manner de
vided along the sides of the voting machine housing 21,
scribed in detail in copending application Serial No. 120,
as indicated at % in FIG. 3.
249 referred to above. To facilitate the reading of the
Since the voting keys are retained in their voted posi
counters and to minimize the human errors involved in
tions on the front panel following completion of the vote
transferring the counter readings to the tabulating sheets,
registering operation, it is desirable, for the purpose of
each column of the counter panel ‘29- is provided with a
preserving the secrecy of the ballot, to cover the panel
candidate sheet or strip 79 (FIGS. 2 and 3) listing the 50 and the keys so that the key positions cannot be de
different candidates or issues appearing on the corre
tected by the next voter using the machine. Thus, there
sponding front panel column. Thus, the name of each
is provided a ?exible curtain or cover 99 which when re
candidate or issue appears directly alongside the window
80 in the casing of the particular counter used to register
the votes cast for [that candidate or issue. As is shown in
FIG. 3, the printing strip 79 associated with each column
on the counter panel is covered by a transparent strip 81
having its two side edges slipped into grooves 82 and 33
formed in the sides of the panel ribs 71. As is shown in
FIG. 1, the strips 81 are locked against vertical movement
within the groves 32 and 83 after the panels of the hous~
ing 21 have been assembled by the horizontal bar 66b
of the cover bar 66 and, hence, the precinct officials can
tracted is stored within a curtain containing chamber 100
(FIG. 2) at the rear of the voting panel section 24 but
which is extended by the downward movement of the
scanning mechanism 87 to cover the front panel 30. The
curtain passes out of the voting machine housing through
an elongated horizontal slot 101 and has its outer end
affixed to a horizontal r-od 10-2 supported at its opposed
ends on the carriages 96 and 97. More speci?cally, the
opposed ends of the rod 102 are a?ixed to the outer ends
of brackets 1013 forming part of the carriages £96 and 97.
Each bracket 103 extends through a vertical guide slot
not touch the counters or the strips 79 during the election.
104 extending along the side of the voting panel 30 as is
Each printed strip 79 is held against its associated trans 65 shown in FIG. 3. The rod 102 is spaced outwardly from
parent strip 81 by teats 84 formed on the counter casing.
the panel 30 by sui?cient distance to permit the rod and the
The latter teats also prevent movement of the counter
away from the counter panel and, hence, they maintain
cover to pass over the voting keys 48 Without moving
them. As the scanning mechanism 87 moves down
wardly, the cover 99 is pulled from the supply chamber
the counter operating ratchets 75 in position to be op
erated when the scanning mechanism is moved in the
vote sensing direction.
The vote'registering operation is initiated by the actua
100 and is drawn over the voting panel 30 and, hence,
when the scanning rail 95 reaches the bottom of its sweep,
the panel is completely covered. The cover material is
tion of the manually operated “Vote” switch 27 by the
su?iciently rigid to prevent detection of the positions of
voter after he has completed his selections. The switch
the voting keys by feeling along the cover and, to this end,
27 is effective to complete an electrical circuit (not shown) 75 may be formed of elongated metal strips secured together
3,092,311
ll
in side by side relationship to form a flexible unit or, in
the alternative, it may be formed by a very heavy fabric.
In any event, the voter approaching the machine to cast
his vote is unable to detect the voting key positions either
visibly or by feeling through the cover. When the scan
12
is neither shown nor described in the present applica
tion. The pivotal movement of the support 116 is lim
ited in each direction by a stop bar 118 secured to the
rail 95. A somewhat U-shaped guide .121 (FIG. 2) is
secured at its center to the bar 116 and has both of its
ning mechanism 87 is raised the ?exible cover 99‘ is re
leg portions resting against a flat area on the scanning
tracted into the chamber ‘190, but during the raising of
rail 95 to prevent turning of the interposer arm 106 and
the cover the voter is still not able to determine the pre
its associated components.
vious voter’s choices since the rod 152 and, hence, the
As is best shown in FiG. 3, when the scanning rail 95
lower end of the cover are disposed slightly below the key
approaches the end of its vote detecting sweep, a rigid
10
restoring mechanism on the scanning rail so that the vot
rail turning arm 125 carried in ?xed position on the rail
ing keys are all restored to their neutral positions adja
periphery near one end of the rail engages a ?xed lower
cent the upper stops of their o?ice groups before these
stop 126 mounted at the bottom of the counter panel 29
keys become visible to the voter. When the panel 39 is
so that the continued down-ward movement of the scan
fully uncovered, all of the voting keys appear in their 15 ning mechanism is effective to turn the rail 60° in a coun
neutral positions.
terclockwise direction from the position shown in FIG.
For the purposes of detecting the positions of the actu
‘2 whereupon the scanning rail is in position for the up
ated or voted keys, that is, the keys which have been moved
ward key restoring sweep. The turning of the rail moves
from a neutral position to a voted position, and for actu
the interposers 106 to positions where they cannot engage
ating those counters 23 corresponding to the positions of
the voting keys during the return of the rail. However,
the voted keys, the rail 95 carries a plurality of spaced 20 when the rail 95 is turned, a plurality of key restoring
apart combined key wipers and counter actuating devices
devices 127a, 127b, etc., one for each of the counter actu
105a, 105b, 1050, there being one of these for each of
ating devices 105a, ‘105b, etc., are positioned to engage
the columns 30b, 39c, 36d, etc. The devices 105a, 105b,
the tooth 64 on each voting key as the rail is raised. One
etc. are identical and are described in detail in the above
such key restoring device is provided for each column
identi?ed Hull et al. application. Each such device com 25 containing voting keys and each device is effective to lift
prises an interposer arm 166 extending through a trans
all of the voting keys in its associated column from the
verse bore 95a (FIG. 2) in the rail 95 and suspended upon
detent ?ngers 55 holding them in the voted positions and
the latter rail for limited movement longitudinally of the
to slide each key upwardly along the column until it is
bore by means of leaf springs 167 and 108. More speci
returned to its neutral position where its upward move
?cally, the rail is formed by a bar having a hexagonal 30 ment is limited by one of the of?ce stops 44. Each key
cross section and the springs 107 and 108 are respec
restoring device includes a toothed cog 128 mounted for
tively mounted upon diametrically opposed ?at areas on
rotation upon an L-shaped bracket 129 secured to the
the rail periphery. The spring 107 is secured at one end
rail 95, the cog being disposed to engage the tooth 64 on
to the rail 95 by means of screws 109 and at its other end
the voting keys of its column when the scanning mecha
seats within an annular peripheral groove 166a formed 35 nism 87 is in its key restoring position. The cog 128 is
near one end of the interposer arm 196. The spring 168
provided with any desired number of teeth provided only
is supported upon a spacer block 110‘ and both the spring
that the interdental spaces between adjacent teeth is suf
and the block are secured to the rail in any suitable man
?cient to permit the cog to turn over the tooth 64 in the
ner as, for example, by means of screws 111. A square
40 manner described below. Formed integral with each cog
or rectangularly shaped opening formed near one end of
is a toothed detent wheel I130 cooperating with a detent
the spring 108 accommodates a similarly shaped area 1112
131 to positively lock the cog in position while the latter
of the interposer arm v106.
The end of the spring 108 seats
is performing its key lifting or restoring function. The
against an enlarged, generally rectangularly shaped head
detent wheel is provided with a number of teeth equal to
113 on the interposer arm 196 to provide a spring force
the number of teeth on the cog 128.
The detent 131 com
cooperating with that of the spring 157 to normally bias or 45 prises a pawl .132 which extends transversely from a stub
urge the arm 196 towards the left as viewed in FIG. 2.
shaft 133 carried by the bracket 129 and which has its free
During the vote sensing sweep of the scanning rail 95,
end engaging the periphery of the detent wheel 130. The
the wiping end 113a (FIG. 2) of the head 1113 is posi
shaft 133 also supports a detent release arm 134 disposed
tioned to engage the curved area 65 on each of the vot
on the opposite side of the bracket from the pawl 132 and
ing keys 48 in its associated column 39a, 30b, etc. Thus, 50 comprising a generally rectangularly shaped body hav
when the scanning mechanism 87 is moved downwardly
ing a pair of ?ngers 137 and 137a projecting outwardly
along the rear of the panel 39, the interposer arm 106 is
from diametrically opposed corners as shown in FIGS.
moved to the right as viewed in FIG. 2 each time that the
15 and 16. The ?nger 137a has an aperture therein for
wiping end ‘113a engages a voting key 48, the interposer
receiving one end of a coil spring 135 which has its other
arm being returned to the left by the springs 107 and v108 55 end inserted through an opening in and wrapped partially
as soon as the wiping end has moved past the key. The
around a post 136 on the bracket 129 thus biasing the
described movement of the arm 106 is used to actuate the
release arm and its shaft 133 in a direction to hold the
counters 28 since the rearward end 1061) of the arm is in
pawl in engagement with the detent wheel 130. The ?n
engagement with a counter actuating arm 115 having a
ger 137 is disposed to successively engage all of the re
hooked end 115a which is adapted to engage and turn the 60 lease pins 51 of the associated column during the key re
ratchet 75 of any counter 21*} located in a position on the
storing sweep of the scanning mechanism 87. The de~
panel 29 corresponding to the position of a voted key.
More speci?cally, the actuating arm 115 is carried upon
tents 13-1 of the different key restoring devices 127a,1127b,
etc. operate independently of each other and each is
one end of a support bar \116 which is, in turn, mounted
effective to prevent turning of its associated cog 128 until
for pivotal movement about a pivot screw 117 on the rail 65 it is released by engagement of the trip ?nger 137 with
95. For the purpose of actuating the diiferent columns
one of the pins 51. Thus, the positions of the release
in accordance with the voter’s classification, the bar 116
pins 51 along the columns determine when the cogs 128
is adapted to be pivoted from a counter actuating position
will be released to turn. When the scanning rail 95 is
shown in FIG. 3 where the hooked end 115a is vertically
raised at the start of the key restoring sweep, all of the
aligned with the ratchets 75 to a position where the hooked 70 cogs 128 will be held against rotation with one of the
end is out of alignment with and cannot engage the
cog teeth extending substantially horizontally towards the
ratchets 75 when the scanning rail makes its vote sensing
front panel 30 and in position to engage the tooth 64 on
sweep. Since the operation of the voter classi?cation
the lowermost voting key in the associated column.
mechanism for pivoting the bar 116 is fully described in
Thus, when the latter key is engaged by the horizontal
the above-identi?ed Hull et a1. application, this mechanism 75 cog tooth, the continued upward movement of the rail
3,092,311
13
14
v95 is effective to lift the key and this action occurs along
point where the spring is ‘aligned with the ‘apex formed
between the ?at areas ‘161 iand'153 whereupon the spring
154 expands to complete the movement of the rail '95 to
its‘ key restoring position where the ?at area 153 seats
against the pin 152. The expansion of the spring 154 is
each column although obviously the lowermost voting
keys of the diiferent columns are not likely to be located
in the same voted positions and, as a result, the key re
storing devices 1270:, 127b, etc. usually engage these lower
most keys at different times. In any event, each key is
lifted until it reaches its neutral position where it will rest
either against one of the o?ice stops 44 or against another
key. In this connection, the keys of all of the oi?ce
effective to move the rail independently of the rail sweep
since the arm i125 is actually lifted from the stop 126
and the rail is thus‘ accurately positioned in the key
restoring position without requiring close tolerances be
groups shown in FIG. 1 seat against an of?ce stop 44 when 10 tween the arm 125 and the stop 1-26. The operation of
in their neutral positions except for the lowermost key
the mechanism 150 is reversed when the rail 95 is turned
of the of?ce group 400 which rests against another key
which is, in turn, seated against an of‘?ce stop. The re
lease pins 51 are disposed along the column at positions
at the completion of the key restoring sweep but since
hence, when each key reaches its neutral position the trip
ring particularly to FIG. 5, the party voting mechanism
this operation is believed to be obvious in view of the
foregoing description, it is not described in detail.
corresponding to the neutral positions of the keys and, 15
In accordance with the present invention and refer
?nger 137 of its associated key restoring device engages a
170 referred to above may be used whenever the voter
pin 51 whereupon the release arm 134 and its shaft 133
desires to cast all or a majority of his votes for the can
are pivoted in a clockwise direction to lift the pawl 132
didates of the same political party. This mechanism
away from the detent wheel ‘130, thus permitting the cog 20 comprises a set ‘of manually operated, switch operating
128 to turn over the tooth 64 onthe voting key. As soon
push buttons ‘171, 17-2, 173 ‘and 174 extending upwardly
as the trip ?nger 137 rides over the release pin 51, the
through different spaced apart openings 175 (FIG; 8)
spring 135 again pivots the release arm 134 and the pawl
in the shelf 26, one such push button being provided for
132 to force the latter against the periphery of the detent
each political party participating in the election. As is
wheel, thus limiting the turning of the cog 128 to one step 25 shown in FIGS. 5 and 8, a removable indicator card 176
and, again bringing a tooth on the latter cog into position
or the‘ like may be provided on the shelf 26 to identify
to engage the next key in the column. In the case of the
the push buttons with the different par-ties. This card
office group 400 shown in FIG. 1, two release pins 51
is inserted into ‘a card holder 177 which is formed on
will be located in adjacent perforations in the strip 50
the top of the shelf 26 and which includes a channeled
corresponding to the neutral positions of the two voting 30 strip 178 extending around three sides of the card. A
keys of that oi?ce group. Thus, after the lowermost
channel 1178a in each of the strips 178 accommodates
key has been restored to neutral position and after the
an edge of the card to hold the latter on the shelf 26
cog 128 has turned over this key, the trip ?nger 1137
and the card is covered by a transparent window 179 of
of the key restoring device associated with this column
plastic or the like which is also. inserted into the" chan
will immediately engage another pin 51 to release the 35 nels 17 8a in order to prevent the voter from gaining ac
cog 128 to turn over the second or upper key of the office
cess to the card. The card holder 177 has an open end
group. Obviously, then, the pins 51 are set during pro
gramming of the voting machine to release the cogs 128
for turning at the proper times during the key restoring
sweep of the scanning rail. After each voting key has
been raised to seat against its stop (or against another
key in neutral position), it is held in the neutral position
by engagement of its portion With the notch 57 corre
sponding to its neutral position. When the scanning rail
177a adjacent all of the push buttons 171, 172, 173 and
174 so that, when the buttons are inserted through the
openings 175, they block the open end 177a to prevent
removal of the card. However, when the front shelf‘
panel is'removed the card can be slipped out of the hold
er 177. The political parties may be listed in any de
sired order on the card thus permitting rotation from
precinct to precinct to. satisfy the requirements of juris
dictions where rotation is required by law. Moreover,
approaches the top of the panel at the end of its key re
storing sweep, the ?xed arm 125 engages an upper post 45 different cards may be used for different elections to
139 (FIG. 2) to turn the rail 95 from the key restoring
position hack to the vote sensing position shown in
change the order of listing of the political panties so that
the ?rst push button is not always associated with the
FIG. 2.
As is shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 of the drawings, means
same party.
While only four push buttons ‘are shown, it should be
understood that any number may be provided correspond
ing to the number of political parties. The purpose of
the party vote mechanism 170' is to pull the o?ice stop
strips 42 and the o?ice stops 4'4‘ downwardly along each
column, thus pulling all the voting keys in unison down
are provided for resiliently holding the scanning rail 95
in both of its positions and this means comprises an over
center spring mechanism 15%) for urging a flat area of the
rail to seat against ‘a pin 152 carried by the bracket 103
of the carriage assembly 96. The spring mechanism 150
is described in detail in the copending Hull et al. applica
wardly along the front panel 30 from‘ their neutral posi
tion referred to labove but very brie?y it comprises a re
tions for a distance equal to the movement of the strips
42. The push buttons 171, 172, 173 and 1174 are effec
tive to control the ‘amount of strip movement and to.
latively heavy coiled spring 154 encircling a pair of tele
scoping links 156 and 157 respectively connected to the
rail 95 and to the bracket 103.
The link 156 has an
enlarged head 156a having an aperture therein for receiv
this end these buttons actuate switch means located with
60 the party vote box or housing 180, but not otherwise
ing an outer reduced diameter portion of a ?xed post 155
shown, in order to complete an electrical circuit to a
on the bracket 1% with the link being seated against an
motor 1&1, the electrical circuit being constructed and
annular shoulder formed by the reduced diameter por
arranged in any conventional manner well known in the
tion. Similarly, the link v157 is provided with an enlarged
art to drive the motor by an amount dependent upon
head 157a having an aperture therein for accommodat 65 which push button is actuated. The motor 181 is con
ing a post ‘158 formed on a block 159 secured to the rail
nected through reduction gearing and through a sprocket
95. The stems of both links extend into the coiled spring
and chain assembly 182 to drive a shaft 183 carrying a
154 which seats against the heads 156a and 157a and,
plurality of longitudinally spaced drums 184a, 184b, etc.,
hence, provides a spring force between the bracket 1%
and the rail 595. When the rail is in the vote sensing
position the spring biases the ?at area 153' of the rail
against the pin i152 and the rail is thus locked in its vote
sensing position. When the arm 125 engages the stop
126 to turn the rail in the manner described above, the
spring 1154 is compressed until the rail turns beyond the 75
one such drum being provided for each column of the
front panel 30. The o?ice stopsupport strip 42 of each,
column is adapted to be connected at its opposed ends
to the drum associated with that column, this connection
being made intany suitable ‘manner as, for example, by
?exible Wires 185 and 186 respectively connected to the
opposed ends of each strip 42. As is shown in FIG. 6,
3,092,311
15
16
.
each of ‘the wires ‘185 is wound several times around the
periphery of its associated drum, for example, three times,
and then extends through a slot 187 for connection to
a ?xed post 188 near the center of the drum. Each of
the wires 186 is trained over a pulley 189 (FIG. ‘2) and
a second pulley 190 (FIG. 4) ?xedly mounted on the
housing adjacent the top and bottom respectively of each
tive to cause the of?ce stops to move all of the voting
keys from their neutral positions through a distance ex
actly equal to two selecting positions. Thus, if all of the
Republican candidates are listed on the strips 40 in the
second selecting position below each neutral position, the
described movement is effective to move the voting keys
over the detent means 53 to positions adjacent all of the
column. The end of the wire 186 is suitably wound
Republican candidates and as soon as this movement has
. been completed the motor 181 is reversed to restore all
around its ‘associated drum, for example, one and one
half turns, and has its end secured to a post 191 on the 10 of the office stops to neutral. Upon actuation of the third
drum through a tension applying spring 192 which main
party vote button 173, the voting keys are obviously
tains proper tension on the wires 1185 and 186 and on the
moved to positions adjacent the names of the candidates
strip 42. The wires 185 and 186 are thus taken up on or
of the third political party and these names appear at the
payed out from the drum when the shaft 183 is turned.
third selecting position below each neutral position. The
The rotation of the drum is thus elfective to move each 15 fourth button 174 is effective to move all keys four posi
strip 42 and the o?ice stops 44 carried thereby within the
tions whereupon the o?ice stops are automatically returned
channel up or down along the column in a direction de
to neutral.
pending upon the direction of drive of the motor 181
Certain issues, for example, bond issues, constitutional
and for a distance proportional to the amount of rotation
amendments, and the like, are not subject to decision by
of the shaft 183.
20 party voting and, hence, it is desirable to avoid move
To cast a straight party vote, the voter presses the push
ment of the voting keys for these issues when the party
button 171, 172, 173 or 174 corresponding to his party,
vote is cast. This is accomplished by breaking the drive
thus driving the motor 181 in a direction to turn the shaft
to one or more of the o?ice stop strips '42 from the motor
183 for a distance directly proportional to the amount of
181 and by programming all of the non-party voting issues
motor rotation. The direction of rotation of the motor 25 in the column or columns associated with these strips.
181 is such that all of the o?ice stop strips 42 connected
to the drums are drawn downwardly through grooves 43
whereupon the o?ice stops 44 pull the voting keys along
their columns from the neutral positions shown in broken
The break in the drive is accomplished by releasing the
drums of the latter columns from the shaft 183. More
speci?cally, each drum is connected to the shaft 183 by
means of a set screw 196 threaded through a tapped bore
lines in FIG. 2 towards voted or selected positions there 30 197 in a hub portion 198 of the drum. Whenever it is
shown in solid lines. The motor 181, its associated gear
desired to connect the drum to the shaft 183 to render the
ing, the chain and sprocket assembly 182, the drums, etc.
column associated with that drum effective for party vot
are so constructed and arranged that the actuation of the
ing, the set screw is threaded into the bore 197 until its
?rst push button 171 is effective to move all of the office
inner end engages the shaft. To release the drum, the set
stops a distance exactly equal to one selecting position on 35 screw may be threaded out of the bore 197 and the drum
the voting panel. It will be recalled that the voting keys
may be locked against rotation by backing the set screw
are all in their neutral positions when the voter approaches
out of the hub until its outer end extends through a
notch 199 formed in a rear partition 200 within the vot
the machine and, hence, when the o?ice stops move a dis
tance equal to one selecting position in the manner de
ing machine housing 21. The notch 199‘ extends trans
scribed, these stops move all of the keys over the detent 40 versely from an elongated slot 201 accommodating the
means 53 and along the columns to the selecting position
rear sector of the drum. Thus, each drum or any desired
immediately below the neutral position. The voting ma
number of them may be released from the shaft and
chine is so programmed that all of the candidates of the
locked against rotation by adjustment of the screws 196.
?rst political party, for example, the Democratic party, are
Each drum is prevented from moving longitudinally of
listed immediately below the neutral position. Thus, 45 the shaft by means of a pair of annular collars 202 and
when the ?rst push button 171 is depressed, all of the
203 disposed on opposite sides of the drum and secured
voting keys are moved in unison to positions adjacent the
to the shaft in any suitable manner as, for example, by
candidates of that party. When the motor 181 is driven
from its neutral or normal position its output shaft 194
means of set screws 204.
Let it be assumed that all of the non-voting party
moves a switch operating arm 195 carried thereby out of 50 issues are listed on the strips 40 of the column 30k
engagement with the contacts of a switch 193, thus render
ing the latter effective to condition an electrical circuit for
shown in FIG. 1 and that it is therefore desired to exclude
this column from the party vote. This is accomplished
automatically returning the motor to its original position
by disconnecting the drum associated with this column
as soon as it has rotated the amount dictated by the de
from the shaft and by using the screw 196 to cooperate
pressed push button. Thus, when the push button 171 is 55 with the notch 199 to hold the latter drum against rota
released, and when the motor has completed movement of
tion. If it is desired to permit any of the drums to turn
all of the voting keys through the single selecting position
independently of the shaft 183 as, for example, during
programming when the strips 42 must be manually with
called for by this push button, the motor 181 is automat—
ically reversed to drive the drums in a direction to move
drawn from the columns to permit insertion of the of?ce
. the strips 42 back to their original positions, whereupon
stops 44 at the proper positions as described above, the set
the oi?ce stops are restored to their neutral positions while
screw 196 is threaded out of the bore 197 far enough to
the voting keys are seated within detent notches 57 to hold
disengage the shaft 183 but not enough to draw the
them in voted or selected positions displaced from the neu
outer end of the screw into the notch 199. When the set
tral position. The voting keys may then be moved in
screw 196 is thus released the drum may be rotated freely
dividually if the voter desires to change his vote within 65 and the strip 42 associated with that drum may thus be
one or more of the office groups. Thus, if the voter de
manually pulled out of the channel 43 of its column.
sires to cast his votes for a large majority of the candidates
After the strips 42 have been properly programmed by
of a particular political party, but desires to split his bal
insertion of the of?ce stops 44 the set screws 196 may be
lot to vote for a few candidates of other parties, he will
used to lock the drums to the shaft if party voting is de
save some time and e?ort by ?rst using one of the party 70 sired or to lock the drums against rotation if no party
voting is desired.
vote push buttons 171, 172, 173 or 174 to move all of the
voting keys in unison and by then individually moving the
In certain jurisdictions, party voting is not permissible
voting keys of the office group within which he wishes to
split his ballot.
Actuation of the second party vote button 172 is effec
and in such cases it is obviously a needless expense to
furnish voting machines having party voting facilities.
Therefore, it would be desirable to be able to supply the
3,092,311
17
18
voting machine described above minus the party voting
mechanism. This is accomplished in accordance with
another feature of the invention by mounting the motor
181, its gearing, its associated control switches, "and the
other'expensive components of the party vote mechanism
to their neutral or non-actuating ' positions; Further‘
movement of the scanning mechanism causes the arm 125
to engage the stop- 126 at the bottom of the counter panel
170 upon a chassis or housing 180 which may be readily
29 thus turning the rail 95 to its key restoring position.
The lower limit switch 91 is actuated to interrupt the’
drive of the motor 85 and, at that same time, condition
detached from the voting machine housing. While the
ing the remote voter classi?cation unit for receiving the
identi?cation card of the next succeeding voter as is de
housing 180 is illustrated as an enclosed unit, this ‘is not
scribed in detail in the McCaskill application referred to
necessary since the components could be mounted upon
a flat chassis in view of the fact that these components 10 above. When the rail 95 is turned at the bottom of the
scanning sweep, the counter actuators 105a, 105b, etc.
are housed within the shelf area 26 of the voting machine
are vmoved to positions :where they cannot engage the
housing 21 and, hence, are not accessible to the voter.
ratchets 75 of the counters, thereby to prevent operation
If desired, the shaft 183 and the drums 184a, 184b, etc.
of the counters during the return or key restoring sweep
may also be removed from those machines in which no
party vote is desired and other means may be provided 15 of the scanning rail.
In view of the foregoing description, it will be observed
for holding the strips 42 against vertical movement within
that the apparatus described is effective to accomplish
the channels 43. Such means are not shown but, for ex—
the enumerated objects of the present invention. The
ample, cap screws extending through perforations at the
voting machine described is extremely simple in opera
top and bottom of each strip could be threaded into suit
able tapped openings in the frame of the voting machine 20 tion and may be constructed at relatively low cost.
Elaborate mechanical interlocks between the voting selec
to prevent the strips from moving. The latter means
tors are unnecessary and, hence, the weight and size of
must be capable of being released to permit removal of
the machine is considerably less than that of voting ma
the strips 42 for insertion of the o?ice stops during
chines presently in use. The party vote mechanism is
programming.
Turning now to the operation of the voting machine 25 positive and reliable in operation and is simple to operate
so that the voter may be easily instructed in the manner
described above and considering a general election where
of operation of the machine. The machine is very easy
all of the voting panel columns are active, it will be ob
to set up for both primary and general elections and,
served that the scanning rail is at the bottom of the
hence, the election officials can be readily instructed as
voting panel when the voter approaches the machine and
to the programming procedure to be followed.
when the machine is activated either manually or by
While a particular embodiment of the invention has
insertion of a card as described in the above-identi?ed
been illustrated and described, it will be apparent that
McCaskill application. When a valid card is properly
many modi?cations will readily occur to those skilled in
inserted, the scanning mechanism moves upwardly to
this art and it is, therefore, contemplated by the appended
return all of the voting keys to their neutral or non-voting
positions adjacent the upper stops of the office group 35 claims to cover any such modi?cations as fall ‘within the
true spirit and scope of the invention.
and to raise the cover 99. Near the completion of the‘
What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by
key restoring sweep, the arm 125 strikes the post 139 to
Letters Patent of the United States is:
I
turn the‘ rail 95 to its vote sensing position shown in
1. In a voting machine the combination of a plurality
FIG. 2 where the key restoring devices 127a, 127b, etc.
cannot engage the keys but where the counter actuating 40 of side by side columns each containing a plurality of
issues to be decided, a plurality of voting selectors, at
devices 1105a, 195b, etc. are disposed to engage the keys.
least one for ‘each issue, mounted for sliding movement
After the rail has been turned, the upper limit switch 93
along each column to selecting positions indicating the
is engaged by the ?nger 94 to terminate the drive to the
voter’s choices, an elongated strip mounted for sliding
motor 85, thus stopping the rail at the top of the voting
machine. The voter then makes his selections on the 45 movement along each column and carrying a plurality of
spaced apart o?ice stops for limiting movement of said
voting panel either by ‘operating one of the push button
selectors, and a party vote mechanism for simultaneously
switches 171, 172, 173 or 1714‘ by manually sliding the
moving all of said strips along the associated columns
voting keys from their neutral positions to the desired
in order to move the office stops and the selectors through
selecting positions or by a combination of the two. Until
the voter actuates the “Vote” switch 27, he is free to 50 a predetermined number of selecting positions in order
to vote for all of the candidates of a particular political
alter his selections in any desiredmanner. As soon as
party.
'
'
the voter is satis?ed with his selections he actuates the
2. The apparatus de?ned by claim 1 wherein said party
switch 27 to complete a circuit to the electric motor 85,
vote mechanism includes a motor and means operably
thus driving the chains 89 and 90‘ in a direction to begin
the downward or vote sensing sweep of the scanning mech 55 connecting said motor to said strips, and mechanism ‘fur
ther including manually operated switch means having
anism ‘87 and, at the same time, lowering the cover 99
over the front panel of the voting machine.
When the scanning mechanism 87 sweeps downwardly,
it senses or detects the voting keys selected by the voter
dilterent switch positions respectively corresponding to
the di?erent political parties participating in the election,
panel 29. If the voting keys are in their neutral position
distance determined by the switch position.
and means including said switch means for causing said
and actuates the corresponding Counters 2% on the counter 60 motor to move said strips through a predetermined
3. The apparatus de?ned by claim 2 wherein each strip
is connected at its opposed ends to elongated ?exible
members wound upon a drum driven by said motor.
4. The apparatus de?ned by claim 3 wherein means are
make a selection, no votes are registered since no counters 65
provided for releasing said drum from said motor so
28 are located on the counter panel 29 at positions corre
to indicate either that the voter did not desire to cast his
vote for any of the candidates in that particular o?ice
group or, of course, that he inadvertently neglected to
sponding to the neutral positions ‘of the voting keys. All
that said strips may be manually moved along said col
umns to permit the insertion of said of?ce stops at de-‘
counters corresponding to voted positions on the front
sired positions therealong during programming ‘of the
panel are, of course, actuated and advanced one step by
engagement of the hooks 115a with their ratchets 75' 70 machine.
5. The apparatus de?ned by claim 2 wherein the motor
during the vote sensing sweep. The operation then con
and the switch means are mounted upon a chassis re
tinues in an obvious manner until the scanning mech
movable from the voting machine.
anism 87 approaches the end of its vote sensing sweep
where the end portions 11611 of all of the counter actuators
6. In a voting machine the combination of a plurality
engage the cams 147 to shift all of the counter actuators 75 of side by side columns each containing a plurality of
3,092,311
19
issues to be decided, a plurality of voting selectors, at
least one for each issue, mounted for sliding movement
along each column to selecting positions indicating the
voter’s choices, an elongated strip mounted for sliding
20*
' 15. The apparatus'de?ned by claim 12 wherein the
motor and the switch means are mounted upon a chassis
removable from the voting machine.
16. In a voting machine the combination of a plu
rality of columns each containing a plurality of issues
movement along each column and carrying a plurality of ‘
to be decided, a plurality of voting selectors, at least one
spaced apart stops engageable with said selectors, each
for each issue, mounted for sliding movement along each
selector being movable from a neutral position adjacent
column to selecting positions indicating the voter’s
one of said stops to one of the selecting positions, detent
choices, an elongated strip mounted ‘for sliding movement
means disposed along each column for holding the selec
tors in their neutral and selecting positions, and a party 10 along each column and carrying a plurality of spaced
apart stops engageable with said selectors, each selector
vote mechanism for simultaneously moving all of said
being movable from a neutral position adjacent one of
strips along the associated columns in order to move the
said stops to one of the selecting positions, detent means
stops and the selectors through a predetermined number
disposed along each column for holding the selectors in
of selecting positions in order to vote for all of the can
didates of a particular political party.
15 their neutral and selecting positions, party vote means for
moving all of said strips in unison from a ?rst position
7. The apparatus de?ned by claim 6 wherein said party
vote mechanism includes a motor and means operably
to a second position whereby the stops move all of said
connecting said motor to said strips, said mechanism fur
ther including manually operated switch means having
selectors in unison through a predetermined number of
and means including said switch means for causing said
motor to move said strips through a predetermined dis~
tance determined by the switch position.
8. The apparatus de?ned by claim 7 wherein each strip
is connected at its opposed ends to elongated ?exible
by said party vote means through said predetermined
number of selecting positions so that each selector may
thereafter be normally moved along its column to change
the voter’s selection.
17. The apparatus de?ned by claim 16 wherein said
members at least one of which is stored upon a drum
party vote mechanism includes a motor and means op
driven by said motor.
9. The apparatus de?ned by claim 8 wherein means
are provided for releasing said drum from said motor
so that said strips may be manually moved along said
columns to permit the insertion of said o?ice stops at
erably connecting said motor to said strips, said mecha
nism further including manually operated switch means
selecting positions dependent upon the political party
diiferent switch positions respectively corresponding to 20 selected, and means for automatically returning said strips
to the ?rst position after said selectors have ‘been moved
the different political parties participating in the election,
having diiferent switch positions respectively correspond
ing to the di?erent political parties participating in the
election, and means including said switch means for caus
ing said motor to move said strips through a predeter
desired positions therealong during programming of the
mined distance determined by the switch position.
machine.
18. The apparatus de?ned by claim 17 wherein each
10. The apparatus de?ned by claim 7 wherein the 35
motor and the switch means are mounted upon a chassis
strip is connected at its opposed ends to elongated ?exible
removable from the voting machine.
members at least one of which is stored upon a drum
driven by said motor.
19. The apparatus de?ned by claim 18 wherein means
rality of columns each containing a plurality of issues to
be decided, a plurality of voting selectors, at least one 40 are provided for releasing said drum from said motor so
that said strips may be manually moved along said col
for each issue, mounted for sliding movement along each
umns to permit the insertion of said o?ice stops at de
column to selecting positions indicating the voter’s
sired positions therealong during programming of the
choices, an elongated strip mounted for sliding move
machine.
ment along each column and carrying a plurality of
20. The apparatus de?ned by claim 17 wherein the
spaced apart oi?ce stops for limiting movement of said
selectors, party vote means for moving all of said strips 45 motor and the switch means are mounted upon a chassis
removable from the voting machine.
in unison from a ?rst position to a second position
21. For use in a voting machine, the combination
whereby the stops move all of said selectors in unison
which comprises a front panel made up of a plurality of
through a predetermined number of selecting positions
elongated side by side columnar members, each member
dependent upon the political party selected, and means
11. In a voting machine the combination of a plu
for automatically returning said strips to the ?rst position 50 supporting for sliding movement therealong an elongated
strip carrying a plurality of spaced apart stops, adjacent
after said selectors have been moved by said party vote
pairs of said members cooperating to form parallel slots
means through said predetermined number of selecting
extending along the panel and a plurality of voting keys
positions so that each selector may thereafter be manuev
mounted for sliding movement within each slot and upon
ally moved along its column to change the voter’s se
55 each columnar member with at least one key being mov
lection.
able in each of the spaces between adjacent pairs of
12. The apparatus de?ned by claim 11 wherein said
said
stops, the strip and the o?ice stops being supported
party vote mechanism includes a motor and means op
on the columnar members behind said front panel.
erably connecting said motor to said strips, said mecha—
22. For use in a voting machine, the combination which
nism further including manually operated switch means 60
having di?erent switch positions respectively correspond
ing to the di?erent political parties participating in the
comprises a front panel made up of a plurality of elon
gated side by side columnar members, each member sup
porting for sliding movement therealong an elongated
election, and means including said switch means for caus
strip carrying a plurality of spaced apart stops, adjacent
ing said motor to move said strips through a predeter
pairs of said members cooperating to form parallel slots
mined distance determined by the switch position.
65 extending along the panel, a plurality of voting keys
13. The apparatus de?ned ‘by claim 12 wherein each
mounted 'for sliding movement upon each columnar mem
strip is connected at its opposed ends to elongated ?exible
ber with at least one key being movable in the space
members at least one of which is stored upon a drum
between each pair of stops, the strip and the oi?ce stops
driven by said motor.
being supported on the columnar members behind said
14. The apparatus de?ned by claim 13 wherein means 70 front panel, and detent means mounted upon each mem
are provided for releasing said drum ‘from said motor
ber behind said panel for holding the voting keys in
so that said strips may be manually moved along said
different positions along said member.
columns to permit the insertion of said o?ice stops at
23. For use in a voting machine, the combination
desired positions therealong during programming of the
machine.
which comprises a front panel made up of a plurality of
75 elongated side by side columnar members, each such
3,092,311
21
member carrying on its front face a candidate strip listing
different of?ce groups to be voted upon, each member
supporting for sliding movement therealong an elongated
strip carrying a plurality of spaced apart stops respec
tively separating the diiferent candidate groups, adjacent
pairs of said members cooperating to form parallel slots
extending along the panel, a plurality of voting keys, at
least one for each group, mounted for sliding movement
22
tively corresponding to candidates of different political
parties participating in the election, the improvement
which comprises a voting machine housing including a
removable panel having at least one opening de?ned
therein, means on said panel forming an enclosure hav
ing one open end adjacent said opening, strip means
designating the different political parties and inserted
Within said enclosure through the open end thereof, and
switch means forming part of the party vote mechanism
upon each columnar member and each having its slid
ing movement limited ‘by said stops, the strip and the 10 and extending from within the housing through said
o?ice stops being supported on the columnar members
opening and past the open end of said enclosure to pre
vent removal of the strip means while the panel is in
behind said front panel.
position on said housing.
24. For use in a voting machine, the combination
26. In a voting machine of the type employing selectors
which comprises a front panel made up of a plurality of
elongated side by side columnar members, each such 15 operable by a voter to make his choices together with
party vote mechanism for operating in unison dilferent
member having a channel extending along its front face
groups of said selectors respectively corresponding to
for receiving a candidate strip listing different of?ce
candidates of different political parties participating in
groups to be voted upon, each member supporting for
sliding movement therealong an elongated strip carrying
the election, the improvement which comprises a voting
a plurality of spaced apart stops respectively separating
machine housing including a removable panel having at
the different candidate groups, adjacent pairs of said
least one opening de?ned therein, means on said panel
forming an enclosure having one open end adjacent said
members cooperating to form parallel slots extending
opening, strip means designating the different political
along the panel, a plurality of voting keys, at least one
parties and inserted within said enclosure through the
for each group, mounted for sliding movement upon each
columnar member and each having its sliding movement 25 open end thereof, and operating means for the party
vote mechanism extending from Within said housing
limited by said stops, the strip and the omce stops being
through said opening and past the open end of said en
supported on the columnar members behind said front
panel, and a plurality of detents mounted upon each
closure to prevent removal of the strip means while the
panel is in position on said housing.
‘
member behind said panel for holding the voting keys
in di?erent positions along said member.
30
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
25 . In a voting machine of the type employing selectors
operable by a voter to make his choices together with
electrically operated party vote mechanism for operat
ing in unison diiferent groups of said selectors respec
UNITED STATES PATENTS
622, 191
2,109,229
Dean _______________ __ Mar. 28, 1899
Cook ________________ __ Feb. 22, 1938
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