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Патент USA US3092329

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`lune 4, 1963
H, H_ BRIGHT
3,092,319
COUNTER FOR VOTING MACHINES
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INVENTOR.
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HUGH H. ¿5R/@HT
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June 4, 1963
H. H. BRIGHT
3,092,319
COUNTER FOR VOTING MACHINES
Filed June 28, 1961
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HUGH HB2/GH?
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United States Patent Óñice
2
l
3,092,319
Hugh H. Bright, Tulsa, Ükla., .assignor to Seismograph
CÜUNTER FOR VÜTING MACHINES
Service Corporation, Tulsa, Okla., a corporation of
Delaware
Filed .lune 28, 1961, Ser. No. 120,241
7 Claims. (Cl. 23S-117)
3,092,319
Patented June 4, 1963
‘and shows particularly the counter actuating ratchet and
the «detent for indexing the counter;
FIG. 4 -is an enlarged sectional view looking in the
direction of the arrows 4_4 in FIG. 2 and shows par«
ticul-arly the transfer pinion for operating the tens counter
when the units counter advances from its “nine” to its
“zero” indication;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged sectional view looking in the
The present invention relates generally to a counter
direction of the arrows 5_5 in FIG. 2 and shows par
and more particularly to a small, compact, relatively in 10 ticularly the transfer plate for holding t-he transfer pinion
expensive, readily detachable counter for use in' voting
in position;
machines of the type disclosed and claimed in simultane
FIG. 6 is an enlarged, sectional view looking in the
ously tiled, copending United States patent application
direction of the arrows 6_6 in FIG. 2 land shows the
pontion of the transfer pinion which is oper-ated by the
Serial No. 120,281 which is assigned to the same assignee
as the present invention and to which reference may be
units counter wheel;
made for la better understanding of the operation of the
FIG. 7 is an' enlarged, sectional view looking in the
voting machine itself.
direction of the arrows 7_7 in FIG. 2 and shows par
In voting machines of the type described in the latter
ticularly the mechanism for preventing the transfer pinion
copending application, counters are used only in posi
from turning except when the teus counter wheel is to be
tions corresponding to those selecting positions on the 20 advanced;
front panel which contain a candidate or proposition to be
FIG. 8 is Ia fragmentary, sectional View taken along
selected by the voter. All other counters are removed
a line substantially corresponding to the line 8_8 in
from the machine. Since the voting machine must be
FIG. 4 assuming, of course, that the latter shows the
programmed or set up to meet the conditions required
entire counter construction; and
for each election, it is, of course, desirable that the 25 FIG. 9 is a fragmentary, sectional View similar to
FIG. 7 but shows the position of the transfer pinion and
counters be readily removable or detachable. Moreover,
to economize upon space and weight ‘as well as manufac
the units counter wheel during the .advance of the tens
turing cost, the counters should be compactly and simply
counter Wheel.
constructed but, `at the same time, in view> of the accuracy
Referring now to the drawings and tirst to lFIGS. 1
and 2, 'a counter indicated generally by the reference
numeral 10 is there shown in the form of a small, readily
removable unit for use in voting machines of the type
required of Voting machines, it is essential that these
counters be accurate and reliable. The counter must also
be of the type which provides a positive count since an
ambiguous reading on the counting `wheels cannot be
tolerated in View of the «fact that such a reading could
very easily 4be misinterpreted and, hence, would give rise
to false election results. Since voting machines are gen
described in the above-identiñed copending application
Serial No. 120,281. As is described in detail in the latter
application, the voting machine contains :a counter panel,
a fragmentary portion of which is indicated in phantom
and identified by the numeral 11 in FIG. 2, for receiving
erally purchased for use over a very long operating life
and holding a «group of counters 10. One such counter
and since it is desirable to operate these machines with
1€» is plugged into each position on the panel 11 corre
out requiring frequent .and costly maintenance and re
40
sponding to a candidate or proposition to be voted upon
pair, the counters should be rugged and trouble free.
Finally, since Yall of the counters must be set to zero at
on the ballot appearing on the front panel (not shown)
of the voting machine and all other counters are removed
the start of any election', provision must be made for
from 'the panel in order to avoid confusion and to mini
quickly and easily setting the counting wheels. A prin
cipal object of the present invention is, therefore, to pro 45 mize the number of counters required. Since all of the
plug-in' counters are identical in construction only one
vide ‘a counter satisfying all of the requirements set forth
will be described in this application. To permit the
above.
counter 10 to be removably attached to the panel 11,
A `further object of the invention is to provide a counter
the latter is provided with rows of small, feet receiving
employing a number of identical components so that
these ycomponents may be mass produced to minimize the 50 apertures, only one pair of which, 12 and 13, are visible
in FIG. 2 and, in addition, the panel is provided with a
overall cost of the counter.
series of slots 14, only one of which is shown in FIG. 2.
A more general object of the invention is to provide a
One slot is provided in the panel for each row of counters
new and improved removable counter for use in voting
on the panel.
machines.
The counter unit 10 comprises a casing 15 formed by
The invention both as to its organization and manner 55
of operation will best be understood by reference to the
following detailed description taken in conjunction with
the accompanying drawings wherein:
a front wall 16 having laterally depending, integrally
formed, end walls 17 and 18 at its opposed ends and
also having integrally formed, intermediate walls 19 and
20 disposed between the two end walls. The extreme
FIG. 1 is a -perspective View illustrating `a counter
characterized by the features of the present invention;
60 ends of the walls 17, 18, `1.9 »and 20 lie in a common
plane extending parallel -to the front face of the front
FIG. 2 is an enlarged top plan view of the counter
wall but the .two intermediate walls 19 and 20 are pro
shown' in FIG. 1 with certain pants broken away to
vided With outwardly extending feet 19a and 20a, respec
facilitate the illustration;
tively, which are adapted .to be inserted within «the open
FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view taken along a line
ings 12 and 413 in order to attach the counter 10 to
substantially corresponding to the line 3_3 in FIG. 2
3,092,319
Si
the voting machine panel lil. To facilitate holding of
the counter unit l@ on the panel, the end wall 17 is pro
vided with la pair `of outwardly protruding tabs '17a and
17b, while the end wall lâ is provided wtih a similar
set of tabs 18a and lSb (FlG. 8). The tabs 17a, 17h, 18a
and lSb seat against spring fingers 11151 and 11b carried
4
and arranged that each actuation of the ratchet by the
scanning rail is effective to turn the shaft 32 through
an «angle substantially equal to the angular displacement
between adjacent notches 34a. Moreover, the detent
mechanism is effective to index the shaft 32 and the
ratchet wheel 28 so that in each indexed position the
outwardly extending tooth 29a ofthe ratchet has its upper
liat surface extending substantially horizontal so that this
on the panel 11 at opposed sides of yeach row of counters.
The end wall 17 is also provided with an opening 17C
to facilitate assembly of the components of the counter
tooth is properly positioned for engagement by the scan
unit to be described hereinafter, while the end wall 13 10 ning rail of the voting machine.
is provided with `a similar opening 18C horizontally aligned
The end of the shaft 32 extending into the chamber
with the lopening 17C. The end wall is also provided with
22 is knurled as indicated at `32a in FIG. 2 to permit
a shaft receiving yaperture 17d, the purpose of which Will
drive fitting of this shaft into a central bore 37 formed
become evident as the description proceeds.
in ya hub 33 of the units counter wheel 23. The three
The end wall 1S and the intermediate wall 20 cooperate
counter wheels 23, 24 and Z5 are identical in construc
to define therebetween a counter wheel chamber contain
ing three counter wheels, namely, a units counter wheel
tion and, hence, only one `of these, namely, the wheel 23,
will be described in detail. This wheel is generally cylin
drical in shape and is provided along its periphery with
23, a tens counter wheel yand a hundreds counter wheel.
It should be observed that the counter shown is a three
uniformly spaced indicia in the form of numerals run
digit unit but if a four or more digit counter `is desired, 20 ning consecutively from zero to nine. The numerals may
it is necessary only to add an additional counter wheel
be affixed to the counter wheel in any suitable manner.
or wheels and the associated transfer means described
One of the numerals on each wheel is visible through an
below. The addition of counters will, of course, require
opening 16d defined by suitable opening defining means
enlargement of the chamber 22 but the locations of the
inthe front wall 16. Of course, a separate opening could
feet `19a and 2da need not be changed although the cha1n~ 25 be formed for each wheel but in the form shown `a single
ber 22 could be enlarged by moving the intermediate wall
elongated opening is provided having ya length spanning
2@ to the left as viewed in FIGS. 1l and 2.
yall three wheels and a width suñicient to permit viewing
The end wall 17 and the intermediate wall 19 cooperate
of only one numeral on each wheel thus providing an
with the front wall 16 to define a chamber 26 containing
accurate reading or count.
the operating and indexing mechanism for the counter 30 A Afirst transfer means is provided for advancing the
wheels. More specifically, the intermediate wall 19 is
tens counter wheel 24 one step or one tenth of a revolu
provided with `an aperture 19b horizontally aligned with
tion when the units counter wheel 23 has `completed a
the aperture ‘17d in the end Wall 17 for supporting a rela
revolution and is moved from the position Where its
tively short shaft `217 which extends between these two
numeral “9” is aligned with the opening 16d to the po
walls and through the aligned apertures. A ratchet wheel 35 sition where its “0” numeral is so aligned. A second
2d is supported on the shaft 27 at a position adjacent
transfer means is provided for similarly advancing Ithe
the end wall `ll7. This ratchet wheel includes a ratchet
counter wheel 25 when the tens counter wheel 24 -moves
29 having at least one of its teeth 29a extending out
from its “9” to its “0” position. To this end, an an
wardly from the shaft 27 and through the slot 14 in the
nular recess 39 extends into each counter wheel from
panel 1.1 when the counter unit 10 is assembled on this 40 one side face thereof and the outer periphery of this
panel. The outwardly extending tooth 29a of the ratchet
recess is provided with a continuous set of teeth form
extends beyond the inner face of the panel .il and 'beyond
ing an internal ring gear, the purpose of which Will 'be
the plane in which the outer ends of the feet 19a and 20a
come evident as the description proceeds. A second an
lie so that ythis tooth is in position to be engaged by a
nular recess 4l extends into the counter wheel from the
scanning rail moving within the voting machine adjacent 45 olher side face while a third annular recess 42 extends
to the panel |1i1 in a manner which will be evident from
‘an understanding of the voting machine described in the
above-identified copending application Serial No. 120,281.
axially of the counter wheel and inwardly `from the recess
41. The recess ‘142 has a somewhat smaller outer di
ameter than the outer diameter of the recess 41. As is
As a result of the engagement of the tooth 29a by the
best shown in FIG. 6 of the drawings, tooth means in
scanning rail, the ratchet wheel 28 is turned whenever 50 the form of a -pair of teeth 43 and 44 extend radially of
it is desired to register -a vote for the candidate or prop
the wheel »and into the annular recess 41 for the purpose
osition whose front panel position corresponds to the
of transferring the count to the succeeding counter Wheel
position of the counter unit »10‘ on the panel 11. To
in a manner which will become evident from the ensuing
transmit the turning of the ratchet wheel 28 to the counter
description. The counter Wheel is also provided with a
wheels 23, 24, and 2S, a gear 30 formed integral with 55 notch '45 aligned with the interdental space 46' between
the ratchet wheel meshes with a second gear 31 carried
the teeth 43 and 44 and extending radially outwardly
by lan elongated shaft 32 which extends through aligned
openings in the intermediate walls 19 and 2t) and has its
end portion extending into the chamber 22.
from the annular recess 42 as is best shown in FIG. 7
of the drawings.
The first transfer rneans referred to above lfor advanc
‘For the purpose of positively indexing the shaft 32
ing the tens counter wheel includes a transfer pinion 4S
in each of ten different angular positions, there is pro 60 having
a first gear portion 49 meshing with the ring gear
vided 4a detent mechanism indicated generally by the
reference numeral 33. The latter detent mechanism com
40 of the tens counter wheel 24 as is -best shown in FiG. 4
of the drawings. The transfer pinion 4S further in
prises a detent wheel 34 having ten uniformly distributed
cludes
a reduced diameter portion 5d, a second gear
ball lreceiving notches 34a around its periphery and a
detent ball 35 biased into peripheral engagement with the 65 portion 5l disposed within the annular recess 41 of the
units counter wheel 23 and a third gear portion `52. dis
detent wheel by means of a biasing spring 36. The latter
posed Within the annular recess 42 of the units counter
spring, `as is best shown in FIG. 3, is generally E-shaped
wheel. Since the tens counter -wheel 24 must turn
and includes a pair of curved upper and lower legs 36a
through one tenth of ‘a revolution when the units counter
and Sáb and -an inwardly bent center portion 36C engag 70 wheel 23 is advanced from its “9” position to its “0”
ing the detent ball 35. The legs 36a and 36h embrace a
position, the 4ring gear on the tens counter Wheel 24 and
milled out or reduced portion 16a of the front wall .16,
the gears 49, 5l and 52 of the transfer pinion 4S are de
the latter portion being provided with a central opening
signed to afford the desired turning ratio. To provide
16o laccommodating the ball 35. The teeth on the
this ratio, in the «form of the invention illustrated, the
ratchet 29 ‘and the gears 30 and ‘31 are so constructed 75 ring gear 4d of each counter has twenty inwardly pro
5
3,092,319
jecting teeth while the first gear portion 49 and the gear
portion 51 of the transfer pinion 48 has six teeth and
the gear portion 52 of the transfer pinion has three
teeth. The transfer pinion '48 is held in position by
6
to normally prevent the transfer pinion ‘55 from turn
ing. When the tens counter wheel is advanced lfrom its
“9” position to its “O” position, the transfer pinion 55 is
turned to advance the hundreds counter wheel one step.
means of a first transfer plate 53 best shown in FIG. 5
At :the completion of the election, that is, after the elec
of the ldrawings and interposed between the units counter
wheel 23 and the -tens counter wheel 24. This plate has
tion results have been tabulated 'and authenticated so that
it is no longer necessary to maintain the count on the
voting machine, each counter may be removed from the
fiatted areas 53a, 53b and 53e along one side thereof
voting machine by grasping the casing 15 at the top and
cooperating with the front wall 16 to prevent the plate
from turning. The plate is further provided with an in 10 bottom of the front wall 16 and lifting the unit from the
panel 11. At this time, all of the counters may be set
wardly extending radial slot 54 for receiving the neck
to zero by turning either the ratchet 29 or the units coun
por-tion 50 of the transfer pinion 48 with the gears 49
ter wheel 23 until the zero numerals on fall three counter
and `51 disposed on opposite sides of the transfer plate
Wheels are visible through the opening 16d. The coun
to limit lateral movement of the transfer pinion. As is
shown in FIGS. 7 and 9‘ of the drawings, each of the 15 ters may be turned either forward or backward to bring
three teeth on the gear portion 52 is provided with a V
shaped outer end to provide adjacent teeth with ñatted
them to Zero »and the turning may be accomplished either
manually or by means of a motor driven disc made of
»soft material such as rubber engaging and driving the
areas normally disposed adjacent the peripheral portion
ratchet 29.
of the recess 42 to prevent turning of the transfer pinion
To facili-tate reading of all of the counters on the panel
48 except when the tens counter wheel 24 is adapted to 20
11 and to lavoid misinterpretation of election results, the
be turned or advanced one step. As was indicated above,
panel preferably carries a plurality of printed strips 60,
the latter advancement occurs during the entire move
one for each row of counters, indicating the different
ment of the units counter wheel 23 from its “0” posi
issues `appearing on the front panel of the voting machine.
tion to its “9‘” position, 4that is, throughout nine steps or
advances of the units counter wheel, the transfer pinion 25 Thus, .the counter panel is very `similar to the front panel
ballot and contains «a counter beside each issue or candi
43 is posi-tioned as sho-wn in FIGS. 4, 5, 6 and 7 of the
date so that the election ofiicial can readily «determine
drawings with one of the teeth of the »gear portion S1
and record the total vote cast for that particular issue 0r
extending to the outer extreme of the recess 41 and by
candidate at the completion of Ithe election. Each strip
yond .the periphery of the recess 42. Thus, the latter
tooth is in position to» be engaged by the tooth 44 when 30 is held between ya transparent plastic window strip indi
cated at 61 in FÍG. 2 and ya plurality of feats 15a extend
the units counter wheel is advanced. In this connection,
ing outwardly from the casing 15. The teats not only
it will be apparent that the periodic engagement of the
hold the strip but, in addiiton, they prevent movement
ratchet 29 advances the units counter wheel in `steps in
a counterclockw-ise direction las viewed in FIGS. 4 to
of the counter away from the panel 11 and, hence, avoid
9, inclusive. When the units counter wheel 23 is ad 35 movement of the ratchet 29 to a position where it can
not be engaged by the `counter actuators carried on the
vanced from its “9” position to its “0” position, the tooth
scanning rail of the voting machine.
44 first engages the outwardly extending tooth of the
While «a particular embodiment of :the invention has
gear portion 51 to turn the transfer pinion in a counter
been illustrated and described, many modifications will
clockwise direction as viewed in FIGS. 7 and 9 and, at
readily occur :to those skilled Ain this art `and it is, there
the same time, one of the teeth of the gear portion 52`
fore contemplated by the appended claims to cover any
enters the notch ‘45 in the units counter wheel to permit
such modifications as fall Within the true spirit «and lscope
the transfer pinion to turn. The teeth 44 and <43 em
of the invention.
brace one of the teeth of the gear portion 51 to limit
What is claimed as new and is desi-red to be secured by
the turning of the transfer pinion 48. Continued ad
vancement of the units counter wheel to complete .the 45 Letters Patent of the United Staates is:
1. A removable counter for voting machines, compris
movement to the zero position results in Áfurther turning
ing a casing having a front wall portion, first and second
of the transfer pinion until it again reaches lthe position
parallel, end wlalls respectively located near the 1opposed
shown in FlG. 7 whereupon the transfer pinion has been
ends of said front wall and first and second intermediate
turned through one third of a revolution. Until one of
the teeth of the gear portion 51 is engaged by the tooth 50 wall portions extending transversely away from said front
Wall land parallel to said end walls, a pair of `feet respec
means 43 and v44, the transfer pinion is not free to turn
tively extending `outwardly from the ends of said inter
because the liatted areas of the teeth of the gear portion
52 cooperates with the peripheral Wall of the recess to
prevent such turning. When the transfer pinion is turned
mediate walls remote from said front wall for attachment
to the voting machine, the outer ends of said feet lying
55 in -a plane extending substantially parallel to said front
through one »third of a revolution, the `gear portion 49
wall, -a first shaft mounted upon said second end wall
advances the tens counter wheel 24 by moving the ring
land lsaid `second intermediate wall and extending parallel
gear 40 of this wheel through an angular movement equal
to said yfront wall and to said plane, an operating ratchet
to two teeth of this ring gear and, as a consequence,
mounted upon said first shaft and dimens-ioned to extend
the tens counter wheel is advanced through one tenth o-f a
60 beyond said plane, a first gear mounted on -said first shaft
revolution or, more specifically, this wheel is advanced
and meshing with a second gear, `a second shaft extend
one step to bring its next succeeding numeral into a posi
Iing through said first and second intermediate walls yand
tion where it is visible through the 'opening 16d. The
carrying said `second gear, deten-t means carried by said
operation of the second transfer means acting between
casing for positively indexing said second shaft in each
the tens counter Wheel 24 and the hundreds counter wheel
65 of ten different operating positions, a -units counter wheel,
2S is believed to be obvious in view of the foregoing de
»a tens counter Wheel and ya hundreds counter wheel all
scription. Thus, this transfer means includes a second
mounted between said first end wall and said first inter
transfer pinion 5‘5 (FIG. 2) carried by a second trans
mediate wall ‘and each bearing consecutive numerals from
fer plate 56 interposed between the counter wheels 24
zer-o to nine uniformly spaced along its periphery, open
and 25. The transfer pinion `55 as will be obvious from 70 ing defining means in `said front wall between said first
the above description includes a first gear portion mesh
end wall and said first intermediate Wall for permitting
viewing of only one numeral on each counter wheel, said
ing with the ring gear of the hundreds counter wheel, a
units counter wheel being mounted upon said second
second gear portion for engagement by the teeth 43 and
44 of the tens counter wheel and -a third gear portion
shaft, said counter wheels being identical in construction
cooperating with the recess `42 of the tens cou-nter wheel 75 yand each being generally cylindrical and having a first
3,092,319
7
recess extending inwardly from a first side face, said receSS
having a continuously toothed, internal ring gear formed
said first end wall and said first intermediate wall andv
each hearing consecutive numerals from zero to nine
around its periphery, each counter wheel having a second
recess with a circular periphery extending inwardly from
uniformly spaced along its periphery, opening defining
means in said front wall between said first end wall and
a second fiat side face and a third recess with a circular
said first intermediate wall for permitting viewing of only
periphery extending axially of said counter wheel >and con
one numeral on each counter wheel, said units counter
centric with said first recess, said third recess having an
outer diameter less than Ithat of said second recess, tooth
wheel being mounted upon said second shaft, said counter
wheels being lidentical in constitution and each being
means extending radially of each counter wheel into said
generally cylindrical and having a first recess extending
second recess, and a radial notch formed in each counter 10 inwardly from a first side face, said recess having a
wheel and extend-ing radially outward from said third
continuously toothed, internal ring gear around its peri
recess, a first transfer plate non-rotatably carried by
phery, each counter wheel having a second recess with
said casing and interposed between said units counter
a circular periphery extending inwardly from a second
wheel and said tens counter wheel, a second transfer
fiat side face and a third recess with a circular periphery
pla-te non-rotatably carried by said casing and interposed 15 extending axially of said counter wheel and concentric
between said tens counter wheel and said hundreds coun
ter wheel, each of said «transfer plates having la slot ex
with said first recess, said third recess having an outer
diameter -less than that of said second recess, tooth means
extending radially of each counter wheel into said second
tending inwardly thereof from its periphery, a first trans
recess, and a radial notch formed in eachl counter wheel
fer pinion mounted within the slot in the first plate and
having a first toothed portion continuously meshing with 20 and extending radially outward from said third recess,
the ring gear of the tens counter wheel, said first transfer
pinion having a second toothed portion disposed within
the second recess of the units counter wheel and a third
a transfer plate non-rotatably carried by said casing and
interposed between said units counter wheel and said
tens counter wheel, said `transfer plate having a slot ex
tending inwardly thereof from its periphery, a transfer
toothed portion disposed within the third recess of said
units counter wheel, said third toothed portion and the 25 pinion mounted within the slot in the plate and having
a first toothed portion continuously meshing with the ring
third recess in said un-its counter wheel cooperating to»
gear of the tens counter wheel, said transfer pinion having
normally prevent said first pinion from turning when
a second toothed portion disposed within the second recess
said units counter wheel is advanced by said ratchet, said
of the units counter wheel and a third toothed portion
second toothed portion being engaged by the tooth means
on said units counter wheel only when the latter is ad 30 disposed within the third recess of said units counter
vanced from the position wherein its nine numeral is
visible through said opening defining means to the posi~
wheel, said third toothed portion `and the third recess
in said units counter wheel cooperating to normally
tion where its zero numeral is visible, thereby to turn
said first transfer pinion while one of the teeth `on said
third toothed portion enters the radial notch of said
units 'counter wheel to permit the ñrst pinion to turn, a
prevent said first pinion from turning when said units
second transfer pinion mounted within the slot in said
second plate and having a first gear portion continuously
meshing with the ring gear of the hundreds counter
wheel, said second pinion having a second gear portion 40
disposed within the second recess of the tens counter
wheel and a third gear portion disposed within the third
recess in the ‘tens counter wheel, -said third gear por
tion and the third recess of said tens counterwheel co
counter wheel is advanced by said ratchet, said second
toothed portion being engaged by the tooth means on
said units counter wheel only when the latter is advanced
from the position wherein its nine numeral is visible
through said opening defining means Ito the position where
its zero numeral is visible, thereby to turn said first
transfer pinion while one of the teeth on said third
toothed portion enters the radial notch of said units
counter wheel to permit the first pinion to turn.
3. A removable counter for voting machines, compris
ing a casing having a front wall portion, first and second
parallel, end walls respectively located near the ‘opposed
ends of said front wall and first and second intermediate
wall portions extending transversely away from said front
tooth means on said tens `counter wheel when the latter
wall and parallel to said `end walls, a pair of feet respec
is `advanced from the position where its nine numeral
tively extending outwardly frorn ythe ends of said inter
is visible Ithrough said opening defining means to the posi
tion where its zero numeral is visible, thereby to turn 50 mediate walls remote from said front wall for attachment
to the voting machine, the outer ends of said feet lying
said second pinion in order to advance said hundreds
in a plane extending substantially parallel to said front
counter wheel, the turning of said second p-inion being
operating to normally prevent said second pinion from
turning, said second gear portion being engaged by the
wall, a first shaft mounted upon said second end wall
permitted by entry of one of the teeth on said third gear
and said second intermediate wall and extending parallel
portion into the radial notch in said tens counter wheel.
2. A removable counter for voting machines, compris 55 to said front wall and to said plane, an operating ratchet
mounted upon said first shaft and dimensioned to extend
ing a. casing having `a front wall portion, first and second
beyond said plane, a first gear mounted on said ñrst shaft
parallel, end walls respectively located near the opposed
and meshing with a second gear, a second shaft extending
ends of said front wall and first and second intermediate
through
said first and second intermediate walls and car
wall portions extending transversely away from said front
wall and parallel to said end walls, a pair of feet respec 60 rying said second gear, detent means carried by said
tively extending outwardly from the ends of said inter
mediate walis remote from said front wall for attachment
to the voting machine, the outer ends of said feet lying
in a plane extending substantially parallel to said front
wall, a first shaft mounted upon said second end wall and
said second intermedi-ate wall and extending parallel to
said front wall and to said plane, an operating ratchet
casing for positively indexing said second shaft in each
of ten different operating positions, a units counter wheel,
a tens counter wheel and a hundreds counter wheel all
mounted between said first end wall and said first inter
mediate wall and each bearing consecutive numerals from
zero to nine uniformly spaced along its periphery, open
ing defining means in said front wall between said first
end wall ‘and said first intermediate wall for permitting
mounted upon said first shaft and dimensioned to extend
Viewing of only one numeral on each counter wheel,
beyond said plane, a first gear mounted on said firs-t
shaft ‘and meshing with a second gear, »a second shaft 70 said units counter wheel being mounted upon said second
shaft, first transfer means acting between the units counter
extending through said first and second intermediate
wheel «and the tens counter wheel for turning the latter
through one tenth of a revolution only when the units
counter wheel is advanced from the position wherein
shaft in each of ten different operating positions, a units
its nine numeral is visible through said opening defining
counter wheel and a tens counter wheel mounted between 75 means to the position where its Zero numeral is visible,
walls and carrying said second gear, detent means car
ried by said casing for positively indexing said second
3,092,319
9
and second transfer means acting between the tens counter
wheel and the hundreds counter Wheel for turning the
latter one tenth of a revolution when the tens counter
wheel is advanced from the position Where its nine numer
al is visible through said opening defining means to the
position where its Zero numeral is visible.
4. A removable counter for voting machines, com
prising a casing having a front wall portion, first and=
second parallel, end walls respectively located near the
opposed ends of said front wall and first and second
10
of walls extending transversely away from said front
wall and parallel to each other, attaching means on one
pair of said walls at the ends thereof remote from said
front Wall for attaching the casing to the voting ma
chine, a first shaft mounted upon said casing and ex
tending parallel to said front wall, an operating ratchet
mounted upon said first shaft and dimensioned to extend
intermediate wall portions extending transversely away
beyond said attaching means, a first gear mounted on
said first shaft and meshing with a second gear, a sec
ond shaft mounted on said casing and carrying said
second gear, detent means carried by said casing for
from said front wall and parallel to said end walls, a
positively indexing said second shaft in each of ten dif
ferent operating positions, a units counter wheel and a
tens counter wheel mounted upon said casing and each
ends of said intermediate Walls remote from said front
wall for attachment to the voting machine, the outer 15 bearing consecutive numerals from zero to nine uni
pair of feet respectively extending outwardly from the
ends of said feet lying in a plane extending substantially
formly spaced along its periphery, opening defining
means in said front wall between said first end wall
parallel to said front Wall, a first shaft mounted upon
and said first intermediate wall for permitting viewing of
said second end wall and said second intermediate wall
only one numeral on each counter wheel, said units
and extending parallel to said front wall and to said
plane, an operating ratchet mounted upon said first shaft 20 counter Wheel being mounted upon said second shaft,
and transfer means acting between said counter wheels
and dimensioned to extend beyond said plane, a first
for turning said tens counter wheel through one tenth
gear mounted on said first shaft and meshing with a
of a revolution only when the units counter wheel is
second gear, a second shaft extending through said first
advanced from the position wherein its nine numeral
and second intermediate walls and carrying said second
gear, detent means carried by said casing for positively 25 is visible through said opening defining means to the
position where its zero numeral is visible.
indexing said second shaft in each of ten different operat
7. A counter of the type adapted to be removably
ing position, a units counter wheel and a tens counter
mounted on one side of a panel on a voting machine
wheel mounted between said first end wall and said ñrst
or the like for actuation by mechanism on the other side
intermediate wall and each bearing consecutive numerals
from zero to nine uniformly spaced along its periphery, 30 of said panel comprising a casing having a front wall
and a pair of transverse walls extending away from said
opening defining means in said front Wall between said
front wall with their outer ends abutting said one side
first end wall and said first intermediate wall for per
of said panel, positioning feet extending outwardly from
mitting viewing of only one numeral on each counter
the outer ends of said transverse walls and adapted to
wheel, said units counter wheel being mounted upon
engage in recesses deûned in said one side of said panel,
said second shaft, and transfer means acting between
said units counter Wheel and said tens counter Wheel
a first shaft mounted on said transverse walls, a ratchet
for turning the latter one tenth of a revolution only when
mounted on said first shaft provided with operating teeth,
said operating teeth adapted to extend through an open
the units counter wheel is advanced from the position
wherein its nine numeral is visible through said open
ing in said panel and operatively engage with said actu
ing defining means to the position where its zero nu 40 ating mechanism on the other side of said panel, a first
gear mounted on said first shaft and meshing with a
meral is visible.
second gear, a second shaft extending through said first
i5. A removable counter for voting machines, compris
and second intermediate walls and carrying said second
ing a casing having a front wall portion, first and sec
gear, detent means carried by said casing for positively
ond parallel, end walls respectively located near the
opposed ends of said front wall and first and second
indexing said second shaft in each of ten different op
from said front wall and parallel to said end walls,
wheel :mounted between said lirst end wall and said first
intermediate wall portions extending transversely away 45 erating positions, a units counter wheel and a tens counter
intermediate wall and each bearing consecutive numerals
from Zero to nine uniformly spaced along its periphery,
remote from said front wall for attaching the casing
opening defining means in said front wall between said
to the voting machine, a first shaft mounted upon said
second end wall and said second intermediate wall and 50 first end wall and said first intermediate wall for permit
ting viewing of only one numeral on each counter Wheel,
extending parallel to said front wall, an operating ratchet
said units counter Wheel being mounted upon said sec
mounted upon said first shaft and dimensioned to ex
ond shaft, said counter wheels being identical in con
tend beyond the attaching means, a iirst gear mounted
means on each of said intermediate walls at a position
struction and each being generally cylindrical and hav
on said first shaft and meshing with a second gear, a
second shaft extending through said first and second in 55 ing a ñrst recess extending inwardly from a first side
face, said recess having a continuously toothed, internal
termediate walls and carrying said second gear, detent
ring gear around its periphery, each counter wheel hav
means carried by said casing for positively indexing said
ing a second recess with a circular periphery extending
second shaft in each of ten different operating positions,
a units counter wheel and a tens counter wheel mounted
between said ñrst end Wall and said first intermediate
wall and each bearing consecutive numerals from zero
to nine uniformly spaced along its periphery, opening
defining means in said front wall between said first end
wall and said first intermediate wall for permitting view
ing of only one numeral on each counter wheel, said
units counter wheel being mounted upon said second
shaft, and transfer means acting between said units
counter wheel and said tens counter wheel for turning
inwardly from a second fiat side face and a third re
cess with a circular periphery extending axially of said
counter wheel and concentric with said first recess, said
third recess having an outer diameter less than that of
said second recess, tooth means extending radially of
each counter wheel linto said second recess, and a radial
notch formed in each counter wheel and extending radi
ally outward from said third recess a transfer plate non
rotatably carried by said casing and interposed between
said units counter wheel and said tens counter wheel,
said transfer plate having a slot extending inwardly there
the latter one tenth of a revolution only when the units 70 of from its periphery, a transfer pinion mounted within
counter wheel is advanced from the position wherein
its nine numeral is visible through said opening defining
means to the position Where its zero numeral is visible.
6. A removable counter for voting machines, com
the slot in the plate and having a first .toothed portion
continuously meshing with theV ring gear of the tens
counter wheel, said transfer pinion having a second
toothed portion disposed within the second recess of the
prising a casing having a front wall portion, a plurality 75 units counter wheel and a third toothed portion disposed
3,092,319
l1
within the third recess of said units counter Wheel, said
third toothed portion and the third recess in said units
counter wheel cooperating to normally prevent said ñrst
12
radial notch of said units Counter Wheel to permit the
ñrst pinion to turn.
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
pinion from turning when said units counter Wheel is
UNITED STATES PATENTS
advanced by said ratchet, said second toothed portion 5
being,r engaged by the tooth means on said units counter
489,703
`Balzer ______________ __ Jan. 10, 1893
wheel only when the latter is advanced from the posi
505,167
Michaud ____________ __ Sept. 19, 1893
tion wherein its nine numeral is visible through said open
1,374,762
Poole _______________ __ Apr. 12, 1921
ing defining means to the position Where its zero numeral
1,710,229
Mac-Neil ____________ _- Apr. 23, 1929
is visible, thereby to turn said ñrst transfer pinion while 10 2,044,049
Bradley _____________ _d June 16, 1936
.One of the teeth on said third toothed portion enters the
2,304,516
White _______________ __ Dec. 8, 1942
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