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Патент USA US3092381

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June 4, 1963
Filed Feb. 1'7, 1961
4k 42 43
FIG. 3.
United States Patent 0 r"ice
Harry T. Cougle, 1101 Herbert St., Philadelphia 24, Pa.
Filed Feb. 17, 1961, Ser. No. 89,964
2 Claims. (Cl. 256-22)
Patented June 4, 1963
as indicated by the lines and arrows 2-—2 which appear
in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial view of Ian ornamental ironwork
support member and illustrates part of its installation
FIG. 4 is a view in top plan, on an enlarged scale, of
an ornamental ironwork upright support member and
illustrates the construction of its adapter member;
FIG. 5 is a view in top plan, on an enlarged scale, of
improvements in indoor stair railings having upright sup
10 an ornamental ironwork upright support member and
port members made of ornamental ironwork.
illustrates an adapter member of modi?ed construction;
It has long been a problem to provide an ornamental
ironwork upright support member which may be easily
FIG. 6 is .a view in side elevation of a railing con
substituted for the wood spindles in a wood indoor stair
struoted in accordance with this invention and illustrates
railing. The height of the handrail from the tread of
the steps, and the slope of the handrail, are not uniform 15 another upright support member of modi?ed construction.
Although speci?c terms are used in‘ the following de
from one railing installation to the next, and depend to
scription for clarity, these terms are intended to refer
some extent on the contractor who installed each par
only to the structure shown in the drawings and are not
ticular railing. In one house, the stairs are designed to
This invention relates to improvements in a railing,
balustrade or the like, and more particularly concerns
intended to define or limit the scope of the invention.
cover a certain horizontal distance, and this may require
Turning now to the speci?c embodiments of the inven
the handrail to be set at 45 degrees in order to extend 20
tion selected for illustration in-the drawings, there is
from the top to the bottom of the stairs. In another
shown an indoor stair railing which includes a wood
house, the stairs may have to extend a. different horizontal
handrail 11 supported on the steps of the stairs by: wood
distance which may require ‘that the handrail be set at
newel post 12, ornamental ironwork upright support
an angle of 42 degrees, or at an angle of 48 degrees, and
so on.
25 members 13—15, and wood spindle 16.
Wood spindle
16 may be replaced by an ornamental ironwork support
if desired.
Wood spindle 16 is squire in cross section and is pro
vided with a dowel pin 17 at the bottom which ?ts into
30 a hole 18 in tread 21. The top face 22 of wood spindle
are therefore expensive.
Another problem is that the removal of the wooden - '16 is sawed at an angle so that it ?ts ?ush against the
bottom 23‘ of handrail 11, and the nails 24 attach the
spindles uncovers the holes in ‘the tread of the step which
If it is desired to replace the wood spindles, and the
dimensions are known, it is a simple job to manufacture
ornamental ironwork spindles of the proper height.
However, these ironwork spindles are custom made and
received the dowel pins at the bottom of the wood spin
top of wood spindle 16 to handrail 11.
spindle being cut to ?t ?ush with the bottom of the hand
Iuncovered and present an unsightly appearance.
Wood spindles 16 are remove-d by withdrawing nails
ldles, and this presents an unsightly appearance. These 35
24 and removing ldowel pin 17 (which is formed integral
dowel pins support the bottom of the wood spindle in the
with wood spindle 16) from holes 18 which are thus
conventional wood indoor stair railing, the top of the '
rail and being nailed thereto.
Ornamental ironwork upright support member 15 in
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to over 40 cludes a body element in the ‘form of a scroll 25, a base
plate 26 which is welded as at 29 to the bottom of scroll
come the aforementioned problems and to provide a rail
25 and covers holes 27 in tread 28, and an adapter mem
ing or the like having upright support members made of
ber 31 extending between the top of scroll 25 and the
ornamental ironwork adapted to replace wood spindles.
bottom 23 of handrail 11. The top surface 32 of adapter
‘It is another object to provide a railing having orna
mental ironwork upright support members which are 45 member 31 fits ?ush against the bottom 23 of handrail 11.
Base plate 26 is provided with a pair of screw holes 34
adapted to ?t handrails of any height or slope.
It is another object to provide a rail-ing having orna- ’ ' through which a pair of screws 33 fasten base plate 26
to tread 28. Holes 34 are formed in the ‘corners of base
mental ironwork upright support members which may
plate 26 so that the handle of a conventional screwdriver
be inexpensivelyr made by mass production methods.
is not obstructed by the scroll 25 during installation.
It is another object to provide a railing having orna
Adapter member 31 is in the form of a hollow tube
mental ironwork upri-ght support members which are
which is welded as at 30‘ to the top of scroll 25 around an
part of a do-it-yourself kit and may be easily installed
adapter opening 35. A wood screw 36 is positioned in
by unskilled workmen or by the home owner himself.
adapter hole 35 and in the bore of adapter member 31,
It is another object to provide such a support mem‘
her, the installation of which requires the use of only 55 and is screwed into handrail 11 to fasten adapter member
31 and scroll 25 thereto.
very simple tools such as a screwdriver and a keyhole
saw, or a hacksaw.
It is another object of this invention to provide a rail
Ornamental ironwork upright support member 14 is
constructed in‘ the same fashion as support member 15
except that its body element is in the form of an orna
in'g having ornamental ironwork upright support mem
bers which are adapted to replace wood spindles and 60 mental ironwork spindle having four legs, 41—44, and is
provided with base plate 26'” which is fastened to tread
which are constructed in such a fashion as to make un
28 through the screw holes 34". Legs 42 and 43 are
necessary the ?lling of the holes in the step tread which
shown as being made of twisted bars.
formerly received the dowel pins at the bottom of the
Support member 13 (FIG. 6‘) is especially designed
wood spindle.
Other objects and advantages of this invention, includ 65 for the short tread next ‘to newel post 12 and is shown
having two twisted bar legs 45, 46.
ing its simplicity and economy, as well as the ease with
FIG. 4 illustrates the tube conformation of adapter
which it may be adapted to existing railings, will ‘further
member 31, and FIG. 5 illustrates the conformation of
become apparent hereinafter and in the drawings, in
an adapter member 47 extending from scroll 25a which
FIG. 1 is a partial view in side elevation of a railing 70 is square in cross section with a drilled hole 35a extend
ing therethrough. In general, the outer surface of the
constructed in accordance with this invention;
adapter member of FIGS. 1-5 may have any conforma
FIG. 2 is a view in section, on an enlarged scale, taken
tion just so long as there is an opening therethrough to
It is to be understood that the form of the invention
pass the screw 36.
herewith shown and described is to be taken as a pre
FIG. 6 illustrates a modi?ed adapter member which
ferred embodiment. Various changes may be made in
the shape, size and ‘arrangement of parts. For example,
equivalent elements may be substituted for those illus
trated and described, parts may be reversed, and certain
features of the invention may be utilized independently
of the use of other features, all without departing from
may be solid instead of hollow, if desired; This solid
adapter member 48 is installed in a di?erent fashion from
that of the hollow adapter members-31 and 47, as here
inafter described.
In installing the upright support members having the
hollow adapter members such as member 31, the base 26
the spirit or scope of the invention .‘as de?ned in‘ the sub
is placed on stair tread 28 and the adapter member 31 10 joined claims.
is brought in contact with the side of handrail 11 as
I claim:
shown in FIG. 3. It is to be noted that the top‘ of adapter
member 31 extends above the bottom 23 of handrail 11. ‘ ~
A scribe mark coincident ‘with the‘ slope of bottom 23
:1. _ A railing for an indoor stairs having a ?ight of steps
with treads having holes ‘formed therein which received
the dowel pin at the bottom of (wood spindles, compris
is made on adapter member 31, and the top surface 32 15
ing a wood handrail, an ornamental ironwork scroll, a
of adapter member 31 is then‘ out along that slope so that
base plate ?xedly connected to the bottom of said scroll
top surface 52 ?ts flush against bottom 23; of handrail
and covering said holes in ‘the tread of the step, said base
11. After this has been accomplished with a keyhole
plate having a pair of screw holes formed therein, a pair
saw or a hacksaw, a screwdriver is used to install the
bottom plate screws 33 and the adapter member screw 36. 20 of screws positioned in said screw holes and fastening
said base plate to said tread, an adapter tube ?xedly con
The installation of adapter member 48 is somewhat
to the top of said scroll, the top surface of the
different in that a hole 51 is drilled in the bottom 23 of
adapter tube ?tting ?ush against the bottom of said ihand
handrail 11 and adapter member 48 is cut short enough
nail, said scroll having anadapter opening formed there
to seat in the hole 51. Then the bottom plate screws
leading to the bore of said tube, and a screw positioned
are screwed into the tread of the step through the holes 25
‘in said adapter hole and said tube and fastening said tube
34’ in base plate 26'.
and scroll to said handrail.
Accordingly, ornamental ironwork upright support ele
2. In a railing for an indoor; stairs or the like, an‘ orna
ments are provided which are adapted to ?t handrails
mental ironwork upright support member for supporting
of any height or slope. Such supporting elements may
be inexpensively made on a mass production basis. They 30 a wood handrail,’ comprising an ornamental ironwork
scroll, a base plate supporting said scroll and detachably
are especially adapted for replacing the wood spindles in
connectable to a tread of a step or the like, a hollow
indoor stair railings, and cover the holes in the treads
adapter member extending between the top of said scroll
which are exposed by the removal of the wood spindles.
and the bottom of said wood handrail, the top of the
Ornamental ironwork upright support members con
structed in accordance with this invention may be pro~ 35 :adapter member ?tting?ush against the bottom of said
handrail, and fastening means positioned inside said hol
vided in a do-i-t-yourself kit and 'are easily installed by
vlow adapter member and connecting said scroll and
unskilled workmen or by the home owner. Installation ‘
requires the use of only the simplest tools.
said adapter member to said handrail whereby said sup
Ornamental ironwork upright support members con
port member is installed with said handrail in place in
structed in ‘accordance with this invention are especially 40 tixed position.
advantageous in, and vadd a safety feature to, railings of
stairs going down to cellars which have been converted
into play rooms. Most railings of cellar stairs are not
References Cited in the'?le of this patent
provided with spindles and usuallyv include only a hand
rail, or perhaps one other rail located midway between 45
the handrail and the treads of the steps. Installation of
the upright support elements of this invention in such
‘railings makes them safer, and prevents children from
falling through the railing to the ?oor of the converted
Morris ______________ __ Nov. 13,
Sommer ______________ __ Jan. 5,
Michelman' ____________ __ Jan. 5,
Lindman _____________ __ Oct. 13,
Wagner ______________ .__ Apr. 7, 1959
‘ 3,004,751
Woodward ___________ ._ Oct. 17, 1961
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