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Патент USA US3092880

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June 11, 1963
M` MARSHALL ETAL
3,092,87l
APPARATUS FOR HOLDING CATTLE IN POSITION FOR HUMANE SLAUGHIERING
Filed May 2l, 1962
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
June l1, 1963
M. MARSHALL ETAL
3,092,871
APPARATUS FOR HOLDING CATTLE IN POSITION FOR HUMANE SLAUGI-ITERING
Filed May 21, 1962
4 Sheets-Sheet 2
June 11, 1963
M. MARSHALL ETAL
3,092,871
APPARATUS F‘OR` HOLDING CATTLE IN POSITION FOR HUMANE SLAUGHTERING
Filed May 21, 1962
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
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June 11, 1963
M. MARSHALL ETAL
3,092,871
APPARATUS FOR HOLDING CATTLE IN POSITION FOR HUMANE SLAUGHTERING
Filed May 2l, 1962
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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United States Patet n ice
2
3,692,871
162. Aiiîxed to the yoke 113 is a bracket 124 to which
is connec.ed the lower end portion of an upright rod
126. The upper end portion of the rod mounts a piston
FÜR HUMANE SLAUGHTERENG
12S working in a cylinder 130, which depends from the
Milton Marshml, Greland, Pa., Elwood E. Milbury, Col
lmgswood, NJ., and Eugene W. Shultz, Philadelphia,
tie member 46.
Pa., assignors, by mestre assignments, to Humane
Siaughtering Device Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa., a
corporation or" Pennsylvania
Filed May 21, 1962, Ser. No. 196,379
S Claims. (Cl. 17--1)
'l'his invention relates generally to apparatus for slaugh
tering animals and particularly to apparatus for penning
Afñxed to the columns 12 and 3‘6 respectively are a
pair of bearings 164, which receive respectively opposite
end portions of a chin bar, generally designated 166.
The chin bar is bent to provide opposite side curved
portions 163 connected by an intermediate curved por
tion 170. Aíiixed to the bar 166 are a curved auxiliary
bar 172 and straight auxiliary bars 174. The curved
intermediate chin bar portion '170 and the auxiliary bars
This application is a continuation-in-part of our co
pgräling application Serial No. 133,372, tiled August 23,
Connected into the cylinder 131i` are a
pair of conduits 132 and 134.
1n and positioning cattle to facilitate slaughtering thereof.
l
Patented `lune 1l, 1963
1
APPARATUS FÜR HOLDING CATTLE IN PÜSÈHQN
_
3,692,671
15 172 and 174 conjointly form a chin rest. One end of the
.
An important object of the invention is to provide im
chin bar 166 extends freely through one end of a hori
zontally extending strap 176. The opposite end of the
proved apparatus for positioning an animal on all four
feet with head erect and throat exposed for being cut.
strap is afì`xed, as at 178, to the column 14. Añîxed to
the chin bar 166 is a gear 189 which meshes with a gear
Another object of the invention is to provide such ap 20 182 affixed to a gear 184. The gears 182 and 184 are
paratus with means for preventing damage to the head
mounted upon a pintle 186 affixed by one end to the
of the animal when the animal enters and is removed
strap 176. Mesbing with the gear 184 is a vertically
from the pen and for reducing to a minimum the possi
extending rack 168 mounted by a bracket 190 upon a
bility of conataminating the cut open throat of the ani
slide 192, which is guided by members 124 afñxed re
25 spectively «to columns 1'2 and 14. Aflixed to the slide
mal when the animal is removed from the pen.
Other objects of the invention will become apparent
192 is a bracket 196, which has connected thereto the
when the following description is read with reference to
lower end portion of a rod 198 extending upwardly to a
the accompanying drawings, in which:
piston 2d@ working in a cylinder 2112 depending from
FIGURE l is a front elevation of the pen showing an
the tie member 22. Connected to opposite ends respec
animal penned in and positioned for being slaughtered;
tively of the cylinder 202 are a pair of iluid pressure con
FIGURE 2 is an elevation of one side of the pen shown
duits 264 and 206. Mounted upon the slide 192 is a
in FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a fragmentary perspective view on an
enlarged scale looking at the front of the pen, with parts
omitted for the sake of clarity;
FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary elevation of the other side
of the pen shown in FIGURE l; and
lug 268 aligned with an adjustable stop 210 carried by
>the strap 176.
Slidably litted between the columns 18 and 3S is an
end gate 72, and mounted on the gate 72 is a bumper 87.
The apparatus, as thus far described, is identical with
that disclosed in our copending application, Serial No.
FIGURE 5 is a section on line V-V of FIGURE 4.
133,372, tiled August 23, 1961, to which reference may
Referring particularly to FIGURE 2, an exemplary pen
40 be had for a more detailed description.
constructed in accordance with the invention is pro
The front wall of the pen comprises a central panel
vided with a rigid side frame, generally designated 3‘4,
250 terminating on opposite sides thereof in two rear
including a pair of column members 36 and 38, the up
wardly diverging panels 252 ailìxed respectively to the
per end portions of which are tied together by a beam
column members 12 and 36. The upper end portion of
member 4t?. Aiiîxed -to column member 38 is a guide
the front wall is provided with a cutout designated 254.
45
member 56, and disposed between column member 36
On each side of the cutout is a bracket, generally desig
and guide member 56 is a vertically slidable side gate 43.
nated 256 secured to the associated panel 2-52 by brackets
Carried by the gate 48 are a pair of laterally spaced
258 and bolts 261i. lournalled in each bracket is a verti
guide members 54 which accommodate a slide 52 over
an opening in the gate 43. Afflxed to the gate 48 is a
bracket 69 to which is connected the lower end portion
of an upright rod 62. Tile upper end portion of rod 62
mounts a piston 64 which works in a cylinder 66. The
cylinder is mounted upon a bracket 68 carried by beam
member 40. A conduit 70 is connected to the lower end 55
of the cylinder.
Referring particularly t0 FIGURES l, 4 and 5, on
cally disposed freely revolvafble roller 262. Disposed be
tween =the brackets 256 is a horizontally disposed roller
264 affixed to a shaft 266 journalled respectively in the
brackets 256. One end portion of the shaft 266 extends
through ya bearing 268 carried by column member 12.
Connected «in the shaft 266 is a slip clutch 27 (l. A termi
nal portion of the shaft 266 mounts a bevel gear 27,2,
which meshes with a bevel gear 274 on the end of an up
right shaft 276 journalled in a pair of brackets -273. The
the opposite side of the pen is a rigid side frame, gen
upper end portion of the shaft 276 is fitted with a bevel
erally indicated 10, including column members 12 and
gear 280 which meshes with a bevel gear 282 carried by
14. Tying the upper end portions of column members 60 a .shaft 234 extending from a Ispeed reducer 286 which is
12 and 36 together are vertically spaced tie members 44
coupled, as at 288, to »an electric motor 290. Speed re
and 46. Afñxed respectively to the column members 12
ducer 286 and electric motor 290 are mounted upon the
and 36 are a pair of guide members 123 which slidably
tie member 46.
receive a yoke member 118. Mounted upon the yoke
Extending vertically in front of the pen is a water line,
member is a pivot 136, and extending from the pivot is 65 generally designated 292, which has a horizontally ex
a plate I13S. Depending from the free end of plate 138
tending branch 294 `from which extend two sub-branches
is a nose piece 149. Mounted upon the free end of plate
296 capped, as at 297. In water line 292 is connected
133 is a pivot 158 to which is connected one end of a
rod 156. The opposite end of the rod mounts a piston
a hot water valve 298 and a check valve 300. Also con
nected in Water line `292 is a cold water valve 392 and a
(not shown) working in a cylinder 152. The upper end 70 check valve 304. The branch 294 is provided with a
of the cylinder is pivoted, as at 148, to the yoke 118.
series of longitudinally spaced openings 366, and the sub
-branches 296 are provided ywith a series of longitudinally
Connected to the cylinder are a pair of conduits 160 and
accesar
3
d.
Rollers 252 and 264 prevent injury to the hide of the
spaced openings 308. Y Mounted upon the lower left-»hand
corner of the gate 48 (as viewed in FIGURE 2) is a »lug
310 which is arranged to engage with a roller 312 carr‘ied
by an arm 314 which controls cold water valve 302 and
with a roller 316 carried by an arm G18 which controls
hot water valve 298.
In the operation of the apparatus, the animal is driven
into the pen and forced to project its head through the
animal as its neck is forced between rollers 262 or with
drawn from between the same. Roller 264 is positively
rotated at about 17 rpm. so that the hot and cold
water sprays keep its entire surface clean. Thus when
the cut open throat of the animal is dragged over the
roller 264, it comes into contact with this clean surface,
`and the possibility of the open wound being contaminated
opening vbetween the rollers 262 and over the roller 264, as
is reduced to a minimum.
The slip clutch 278 is provided for terminating rota- i
shown -in FIGURE 3, whereupon the pen is closed. Now 10
tion of the roller 264 when the yload thereon is such that
a valve (not shown) is operated to supply ñuid pressure to
rotation of the-roller might cause injury to the hide.
- the cylinder 130' to extend the rod 125, whereupon the
`It will be understood, of course, that the present inven
yoke member 118 is lowered to position the collar 120
tion, as described and shown, is susceptible to various
about four inches above the neck of the animal.
`changes and ,modiñcations which may be made Without
Now another valve (not shown) is operated to supply
any departure from the general principles or real spirit of
fluid pressure to cylinder 202 to retract rod 198, slide
the invention. Accordingly, it is intended to claim the
192 and rack 188, whereupon, through the gears 184,
present invention broadly, as well as specifically, as in
182, and 180, the chin bar 166 is raised. As the bar
dicated in the appended claims.
swings upwardly and forwardly, it catches the animal
Having thus described our invention, we claim as
under the chin and raises its neck to »the collar 120, ex 20
follows:
posing the throat of the animal for being cut. Move
l. Apparatus for holding cattle and like animals to
ment of the chin I‘bar is limited by engagement of the lug
facilitate slaughtering thereof comprising means provid
208 with the adjustable stop 210.
ing an enclosure for receiving an animal and holding
Now tines 218 are raised to the underbelly of the ani-Y
mal, and the nose piece 140 `is lowered. Another Valve 25 it with its head and neck extending out of said enclosure
to facilitate the operation of cutting its throat, roller
(not shown) is operated to supply ilu-id pressure to the
means disposed for underlying the neck of the animal
cylinder 224 to retract the rod 222, in consequence of
when the latter is held as aforesaid, means for actuating
which fork 212 is raised so that the tines 218 engage the
said roller means, and means proximate said roller means
underbelly of the animal, as in FIGURES l and 2. As
30 for spraying the same with a iluid to keep it clean 'so that
the fork is elevated, the tines 218 raise the slide S2.
the cut open throat of the animal, when dragged across
`Now valve 242 is operated to supp-ly fluid pressure to
said roller means during the operation of Vremoving the
cylinder 152 to extend rod 156, -whereupon the plate 138
slaughtered animal from the enclosure, is not contami
is lowered and the piece 140 carried thereby engages with
nated.
the nose of the animal.v
2. Apparatus for holding cattle :and like lanimals to
The animal, thus restrained against movement, is ready 35
facilitate slaughtering thereof comprising means provid
to be slaughtered. Accordingly, its throat is cut, as at
ing an enclosure for receiving an animal andholding Vit
246, and it slumps onto tines 218. The slide gate 48 mayy
with its head and neck extending out of said enclosure to
then be raised a short distance to allow the operator to
facilitate the operation of cutting its throat, rollerrrneans
reach under the gate and shackle one leg of the animal.
After .the shaokling operation, the side gate 48 is raised 40 disposed for underlying the neck of the animal when «the
latter is held as -afo-resaid, means for actuating said roller
all the Way, whereupon fluid pressure is supplied to» cyl
means, valved means proximate said roller means for
inder 202 to again extend rod 198, slide 192 and rack 188.
spraying the same with a iluid to keep it clean so that the
'Iîhus gears Í184», 182, and 180 are Vturned and chin bar 166
cut open throat of the animal, when dragged across said
is relowvered toits initia-ll position. Then the yoke member
v118 raised, and .the shackled animal is hoisted directly 45 roller means during the operation of removing the
slaughtered animal from the enclosure, is not `contami
from tines 218 and moved from the pen through the
nated, >and means for operating said valved means there
opening in the side thereof. After the pen has been thor
by to automatically control said spraying.y
oughly cleaned, the tines and side gate 48 are relowered.
3. Apparatus for holding cattle and like animals to
’I‘husthe pen is ready for the next animal.
50 facilitate slaughtering Ithereof comprising means provid
Operation of the apparatus, as thus far described, is
ing an enclosure for receiving an animal and holding
Y essentially the same as in the case of the apparatus of our
it
with its head and neck extending out `of said enclosure.
copendingapplication, ment-ionedhereinbefore, to which
to facilitate the operation `of cuttingits throat, a; gate
reference maybe had for a more detailed description. '
With the gate 48 fully lowered, cold water valve 302 is 55 through which the slaughtered animal may be removed
from said enclosure, roller means disposed for underlying
- open and hot water valve 298 is closed.Y Thus cold Water
the neck of the animal when the latter is held as afore
is sprayed upon rollers 262 and 264 through openings
said, means for actuating said roller means, valved vmeans
306 and 308; When the gate 48 is raised about one-third
proximate
said roller means for spraying the same with
of the way, lug 3‘10 engages roller ‘312 and raises arm 314,
' whereupon valve 302 is closed. The valve remains closedY 60 a fluid to keep it clean so that the cut open throat of
the animal, when dragged ‘across said roller means dur
after the lugg310 passes by the roller >31:2. When the gate
ing the operation of removing the slaughtered animal
48 is raised approximately two~thirds of the way, lug 3‘10
»from
the enclosure, is not contaminated, and means op
engages roller v316 `and raises arm 318, whereupon hot
erated by said gate >for `controlling said Valved'rneans
water valve 298 opens and _hot water is sprayed upon the
thereby to automatically `control said spraying.
rollers 262 and 264. The valve remains open after the 65
4. Apparatus for holding cattle and like »animals to
lug 310 passeswby the roller 316. When the gate is re
facilitate slaughtering -thereof comprising means provid
lowered approximately one-thirdV of the wayythe lug 3210
ing an enclosure for receivinfT an animall and holding it
recloses .the valve 29S, whereupon the hot water spray is
with its head and neck extending out of said enclosure
terminated. When the gate is relowered approximately
to facilitate the `operation Iof cutting its throat, a gate,
two-thirds ofthe way, the lug 310 reopens the valve 302, 70 .through
which the `slaughtered animal -inay be Iremoved ‘
whereupon the rollers are again sprayed with cold water.
from said enclosure, roller means disposed for underlying
It Vwill be noted that both hot and cold water may flow into
the neck of the animal when the latter is held as afore
the section of the line 292 between the check valves 300
said, means for Iactuating said roller means, and means
- andn 304, ¿but may flow out of said section only- through
proximate said roller means `for spraying the same selec
the branch 294.
75 tively with hot and cold water to keep it clean so that r
3,092,871
5
the cut open throat of the animal, when dragged across
said roller means during the operation of removing the
slaughtered animal from the enclosure, is -not ‘contami
nated, including hot and cold Water supply valves operated
6
aft and to either side including means in a side of said
enclosure operable to aiïord an opening through which the
animal may be removed bodily from said enclosure after
it is slaughtered, means extending horizontally from side
in predetermined timed relation to >opening and closing
to side of said enclosure and operable for engaging with
movements of said gate.
the underbelly oef the animal to force the animal, before
5. Apparatus for holding cattle and like animals to
it is slaughtered, to stand upright in said enclosure on all
facilitate slaughtering thereof comprising means provid
four feet With its head and neck extending out of said
ing an enclosure for receiving an animal and holding it
enclosure and to support the body of the animal, after it
with its head raised and its head and neck extending out 10 is slaughtered, to keep it from falling to the floor of Ithe
of said enclosure to facilitate the operation of cutting its
enclosure, and means operable for engaging the animal
throat, roller means disposed `for underlying the neck of
under the chin and raising and holding its head in a pre
the animal when the latter is held as aforesaid, -separate
determined position to expose its neck for being cut.
roller means disposed Ifor being positioned respectively
8. Apparatus for holding cattle and like animals to
upon opposite sides of the neck of the animal when the 15 facilitate slaughtering thereof comprising means providing
latter is held as aforesaid, means for positively actuating
an enclosure for penning in an animal on all sides thereby
the roller means disposed for underlying the neck of the
to restrain the animal -from- movement yfore and aft and
animal, -and means proximate both of said roller means
to either side including means in a side of said enclosure
for spraying the same With a fluid to keep them clean
operable to afford an opening through which the yanimal
so that the cut open throat `of the animal, when dragged 20 may be removed bodily from said enclosure after it is
across the roller means disposed for underlying the neck
slaughtered, means extending horizontally 4from side to
of the animal during the operation of removing the
.side of said enclosure and operable for engaging with
slaughtered -animal from the enclosure, is not contami
the underbelly of the animal to force the animal, before
nated.
it is slaughtered, to stand upright in said enclosure on all
6. Apparatus for holding cattle and like animals to 25 four feet with its head and neck extending out of said
facilitate slaughtering thereof comprising means provid
enclosure and to support the body of -the animal, after
ing an enclosure for receiving an animal and holding it
it is slaughtered, to keep it from falling to the ñoor of
With its head raised and its head and neck extending out
the enclosure, a bar adapted to extend under the animal’s
of said enclosure to facilitate the operation of cutting its
chin and rearwardly on opposite sides of the -animal’s head
throat, roller means disposed for underlying the neck of 30 thereby -to »form a chin rest therefor, means mounting
the animal When the #latter is held as aforesaid, means
said chin ybar upon said enclosure for rocking movement
for actuating said roller means including means `for auto
about a horizontal axis, and means for actuating said chin
matically terminating movement of said roller means
'bar
for engaging the anim-al under the chin and raising
when the required turning effort exceeds a predetermined
and holding its head in a predetermined position to ex
amount, and means proximate said roller means lfor spray 35 pose its neck `for being cut.
ing the same with a fluid to keep it clean so that the
cut open throat of the animal, Iwhen -dragged across
said roller means during the oper-ation of removing the
-slaughtered animal from the enclosure is not contam
inated.
40
7. Apparatus for holding cattle and like animals to
facilitate slaughtering thereof comprising means provid~
References Cited in the iile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,197,215
-`1,487,935
Lake ________________ __ Sept. 5, 1916
Gray ________________ __ Mar. 25, 1924
14,348
Great Britain ________________ _.. 1915
FOREIGN PATENTS
ing an enclosure for penning in »an animal on all sides
thereby to restrain the animal from movement fore and
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