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Патент USA US3093156

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June 1l, 1963
w. E. BAssE'rT
3,093,147
NAIL CLIPPER
Filed 0G11. 19. 1960
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INVENToR.
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United States Patent Ó "ice
_ .3,093,147
Patented June l1, 1963
2
1
ting operation with the inward movement of the jaw
` 3,093,147
NAIL CLIPPER
William iE. Bassett, N. Race Brook Road,
Woodbridge, Conn.
Filed Oct. 19, 1960, Ser. No. 63,660
5 Claims. (Cl. 132-755)
member 10.
The jaw members may be stamped from sheet metal
as separate parts and secured together as described or
the same may be formed integrally and bent and secured
in said superimposed relation. The said members are of
spring material and are biased by the tension thereof
against inward movement. In order to effect relative in
This invention relates to a nail clipper for trimming
ward movement thereof, a levermember 16 is provided
finger nails, toe nails and the like.
This type of clipper comprises a pair of oppositely I0 which is pivotally connected with a post 17 pivotally
mounted on the jaw member 11 adjacent the curved end
disposed cutting jaw members which are secured together
13 thereof. The post 17 extends freely through an open
at one end and have inwardly directed cutting edges at
ing 18 in the jaw member 1t) with the protruding end
the other end which are normally biased into spaced rela
thereof pivotally engaged by the lever member 16. This
tion and are moved into cutting relation by the manipu
lation of a lever member mounted for pivotal and swing 15 member is formed with a curved and bifurcated end 19
and with a cross bar 20 connected between the furcations
ing movement on the jaw members.
thereof. The cross bar 2t) extends through a recess 21
An object of the invention 'is to provide a nail clipper
in one side of the post ‘17' so as to pivotally connect
of said character provided with a nail tile and with means
the lever member thereto for swinging movement of the
for maintaining the same in operative as Well as inoper
ative relation with reference to the jaw members. Nail 20 lever member from the inoperative position shown in
FIGS. l, 2 and 3 to the operative position shown in
clippers have been provided with nail files having prongs
FIG. 6 with the post rotated to dispose the recess 21
at the side edges thereof adapted to be engaged by the
rearwardly.
'
lever member for this purpose. However, such projec
It will be understood that when in the operative posi
tions do not positively retain the ñle in longitudinal
alignment with the jaw members since the projections 25 tion shown in FIG. 6 of the drawings, the curved end
19 of the lever member is disposed against the jaw mem
permit of limited movement of hte tile about its pivotal
ber x10 with the cross bar 20 positioned against the outer
connection with the jaw members. In order to over
end of the recess 21. A projection 22 formed on the
come this objection, the present invention provides a
lever member adjacent the curved end 19 is disposed in
construction which positively retains the file against side
wise movement in the inoperative position and in the 30 engagement with the jaw member 10I as a fulcrum with
the lever member arranged in angular relation with refer
operative or extended position in longitudinal alignment
ence to said jaw member whereby swinging of the lever
with the jaw members and which construction also re
member toward the jaw member '10 will effect inward
tains the lever member against sidewise movement in the
movement of the said jaw member and cutting action
inoperative posi-tion thereof and necessitates the manual
swinging of the lever member on its pivotal connection 35 of the knife edges 14 and 15.
A nail tile 24 having ñle faces on each side is pro
to free the file for movement to the operative or extended
vided which is pivotally mounted in superimposed rela
position.
tion on the jaw member 10 by means of a rivet or eye
Another object of the invention is to provide a nail
let 26 extending through aligned openings in the outer
clipper in which the lever member is provided with means
which may be conveniently engaged by a thumb or finger 40 „ends of the nail Ifile and jaw members with the ends of
the eyelet flanged over for securing the :tile on the jaw
and retained in position thereon during the camming of
member. By this arrange-ment the ñle is adapted to be
the jaw member to effect the trimming operation.
disposed in the inoperative position between the lever
With the foregoing and other objects in view, refer
ence is now made to the following specification and 45 16 and the jaw member ‘10 as shown inVFIGS. 1, 2 and
4 of the drawings and to be swung about the eyelet as
accompanying drawings in which the preferred embodi
a pivot to the extended or operative position shown in
ment of the invention is illustrated.
FIG. 3 of the drawings.
.
In the drawings:
In order to positively retain the ñle 24 in both the oper
FIG. l is an enlarged plan view of a nail clipper con
ative and inoperative positions against sidewise movement
structed in accordance with the invention.
50 thereof, openings 27' and 28 are provided in the iile which
FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken approxi
are disposed in equally spaced relation on opposite sides
mately on line 2-2 of FIG. l.
of the eyelet 26. The jaw member 10E is also provided
FIG. 3 is a view similar to FIG. 2 but showing the nail
with an opening 29 which registers with the opening 27
tile in operative position.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken approximately on 55 when the ñle is in the inoperative position and which reg
isters with the opening 28 when the tile is in the operative
line 4-4 of FIG. l.
position. A projection 3‘0 -on the free end of the lever f16
FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken approximately on
extending in right angular relation to the plane thereof is
adapted to snugly íit the openings 27 and 28' in the tile and
FIG. 6 is a side View of the nail clipper showing the
the
opening 29 in the jaw member 10. When the ñle is
parts in operative position for the cutting operation and 60 disposed
in the inoperative position, the lever member 416
with the nail file disposed in the inoperative position.
is biased by the outward tension of the jaw member 10
Referring to the drawings, the nail clipper illustrated
to maintain the projection 30 in the openings 27 and 29
therein may be used for trimming `finger nails, toe nails
and when the ñle is disposed in the operative position, the
and the like and includes oppositely disposed cutter jaw
tension
maintains the projection 30 in the openings 2S and
members 10 and 11 which are secured together in any 65 29, thus precluding any sidewise movement of the file
desired manner in superimposed relation at one end and
when the same is disposed in the operative position for
which diverge therefrom in normally spaced relation to
use for tiling or trimming nails and when in the inopera
the remote end thereof. The normally spaced ends of
tive position between the jaw member 10 and the lever
line 5-5 of FIG. 3.
-
the jaw members are curved inwardly as at 12 and 13 70 member 16. It will be understood that the projection 30
is long enough to extend through 4both the registering
and are formed with concave knife edges yla» and 15
adapted `to engage throughout :their length to effect a cut
4openings in the ñle and jaw member 1G whereby the lever
3,093,147
3
member is positively retained in the inoperative position
shown in section in FIG. 2. This prevents relative side
wise movement of the lever member when the nail clipper
is not in use. In order to free the lever member, the
same must be raised to disengage the projection 30 from
the aligned openings. The projection 30v also provides
means by which the thumb or iìnger may be engaged
against the outer end of the lever member so as to pre
4
tained against sidewise movement when in longitudinal
relation with said one longitudinally extending member
and when in outwardly extending relation therewith and
said lever is retained against sidewise movement when in
said inoperative position.
3. In a nail clipper as set forth in claim 1 in which the
oppositely disposed longitudinally extending members con
sist of a single length of material arranged in doubled over
vent slipping therefrom when camming the lever member
relation medially of the length thereof and with the dou
downwardly for effecting a cutting operation.
10 bled over end disposed in superimposed relation.
In practice both the openings 27 and 28 and the opening
4. In a nail clipper, oppositely disposed longitudinally
for the rivet or eyelet 26 in the ñle 24 are made by a
single tool. Accordingly, the openings 27 and 2S are
connected with the opening for the rivet or eyelet by nar
extending members connected together at one end and
having mating cutting jaws at the opposite end which are
biased into normally spaced relation, a lever mounted on
row slots but these slots are closed with the insertion of 15 said longitudinally extending members for swinging move
the rivet or eyelet. The opening 29 and the opening for
the rivet or eyelet in the jaw member 10‘ are made also
by a single tool whereby these openings are connected by
ment toward said members and having means for forcing
the jaw ends of said members together for etîecting a cut
ting operation and said lever having an inoperative posi
a narrow slot which is closed with the insertion of the rivet
tion in superposed relation with one of said longitudinally
or eyelet. These slots serve no function other than facili 20 extending members, a ñle member, means pivotally con
tating the manufacture of the nail clipper.
necting said tile member on said one longitudinally ex
While the preferred form of the invention has been
shown and described herein, i-t is to be understood that
the same is not so limited but shall cover and include any
and all modifications of the invention which fall within
the purview thereof.
What is claimed is:
1. In a nail clipper, oppositely disposed longitudinally
tending member for movement from longitudinally super
posed relation therewith to outwardly extended relation
at one end of said one longitudinally extending member,
said tile member having an opening therethrough located
adjacent the pivotal connection of said tile member with
said one longitudinally extending member, said one longi
tudinally extending member having an opening there
through located adjacent said pivotal connection of the
having mating cutting jaws at the opposite end which are 30 ñle member therewith and which is disposed in registry
extending members connected together at one end and
biased into normally spaced relation, a lever mounted on
said longitudinally extending members for swinging move
ment toward said members and having means for forcing
the jaw ends of said members together for effecting a cut
ting operation and said lever having an inoperative posi
tion in superposed relation with one of said longitudinally
extending members, a iile member, means pivotally con
necting said tile member on said one longitudinally ex
tending member for movement from longitudinal super
posed relation therewith to outwardly extended relation at
one end of said one longitudinally extending member, said
tile member having openings spaced longitudinally thereof
and disposed on opposite sides of the pivotal connection
of said ñle member with said one longitudinally extending
member, said one longitudinally extending member having
an opening disposed in alignment with one of the openings
in said ñle member when said file is in said longitudinal
relation and said opening in said one longitudinally ex
tending member being disposed in alignment with the
with the opening in the ñle member when said file member
is in said extended relation, and said lever having an
extension of a length and size to project into said openings
when said openings are in registry with the tile member
disposed in said extended relation for retaining said tile
member against sidewise movement about its pivotal con
nection.
5. In a nail clipper, oppositely disposed longitudinally
extending members connected together at one end and
having mating cutting jaws at the opposite end which
have means normally biasing them to spaced relation, a
lever pivotally mounted on said longitudinally extending
members for swinging movement toward said members
and having means for forcing the jaw ends of said mem
bers together for effecting a cutting operation and said
y,lever having an inoperative position in superimposed rela
tion with one of said longitudinally extending members,
said one longitudinally extending member having an open
ing therein at the end thereof remote from the cutting jaw
other opening in the iile member when the iile member 50 thereof, and said lever having an extension projecting out
is in sa-id extended relation, and said lever having an ex
tension of a length and size and positioned so as to project
into said one opening in said ijle member and into said
opening in said longitudinally extending member when
said openings are aligned with the ñle member disposed
in said longitudinal superposed relation, and said extension
being adapted to project into said other opening in said
fiile member and into said opening in said longitudinally
extending member when said openings are aligned with the
file member disposed in said extended relation for retain
ing said iile member in said relations respectively against
sidewise movement about its pivotal connection.
2. In a nail clipper as set forth in claim 1 in which said
projection corresponds substantially in cross-sectional con
figuration to that of the openings in said tile member and
the opening in said longitudinally extending member and
snugly fits said openings wherein said file member is re
wardly in angular relation at the outer end of said lever
and of a length and size to project into said opening when
said lever is in said inoperative position for retaining said
lever against side-wise movement, said lever having means
to cause said biasing means to urge said extension into
said opening, and said projection extending outwardly
Iwhen said lever is in said operative position for engage
ment by a finger or the thumb of the user for facilitating
Imovement of said lever member for effecting a cutting
operation.
References Cited in the tile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
775,568
1,430,779
1,43 6,010
LaMay ______________ __ Nov. 22, 1904
Winter _________________ __ Oct. 3, 1922
Carter et al ____________ __. Nov. 21. 1927
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