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Патент USA US3094357

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June 18, 1963
v. G. MAY
3,094,347
LATCH STRUCTURE
Filed 001;. 16, 1961
INVENTOR.
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3,094,347
atent
Patented June 18, 1963
1
3,094,347
LATCH STRUCTURE
Vivian G. May, Kalamazoo, Mich., assignor to Checker
Motors Corporation, Kalamazoo, Mich.
Filed Oct. 16, 1961, Ser. No. 145,068
14 Claims. ((31. 292--228)
This invention relates to improvements in latch struc
ture. The principal objects of this invention are:
vFirst, to provide a latch structure particularly adapted
2
for swingably supporting the hood as is common are also
generally indicated.
5 indicates the front grill of the
automobile which may be varied in appearance and con
struction as is also common.
Turning to the particular structure of the latch as
disclosed in FIGS. 2 to 6, the hood 1 is downwardly con
cave across the front of the vehicle and is provided with
a transverse stiffening plate and latch mount as is com
mon in automobile vehicles. The plate 6 may vary in
size and shape with diiferent styles and makes of auto
for recessed doors and closures such as automotive hoods
mobiles.
in which an axially ?xed latch bolt projects into the
recess of the closure and is released by rotation of the
channel shaped reinforcing plate 7 which distributes the
The plate 6 serves as a support ?rst for a
load applied to the latch and a keeper housing 8 formed
latch bolt so that there are no projecting parts exposed on
as a sheet metal stamping of downwardly facing channel
the closure to catch or injure persons coming in contact 15 shaped cross section with a ?rst side wall 9, top web 10
therewith.
and opposed side wall 11. The web 10‘ is transversely
Second, to provide a latch particularly adapted for
automotive hoods which provides primary and secondary
turned transversely outwardly from the side walls 9 and
keepers, the second of which engages automatically as a
11 and generally triangular spring supporting ?anges
slotted or cut away as at 12.
Mounting ?anges ‘13 are
safety catch but both of which are easily disengaged by 20 14 and 15 are turned laterally from the edges of the side
a single releasing motion.
wall ‘11.
Third, to provide a latch structure in which an eco
nomical sheet metal housing etfectively supports a latch
opening spring and one or more keeper springs for co
The upper arm 141 of a U-shaped hood opening spring
151 is abutted against the underside of the top web 10
of the housing with an upward off-set 16 positioned in
action with a latch bolt mounted on a cooperating part 25 the slot 12. A spring retaining key bar 17 is passed
of the latch assembly.
underneath the offset 16 and retained on the upper edges
Fourth, to provide latch structure in which an axially
of the side walls by downturned ends 18‘ on the key bar.
?xed and rotatably mounted latch bolt is provided with
The lower arm 19 of the hood opening spring projects
a keeper engaging shoulder on one side engageable with
yieldably downwardly between the side walls 9 and 11
the edge of a keeper spring and a ?at side which may 30 to coast with a latch pin as will be described.
be rotated into opposed relation to the spring to disen
The side wall 11 of the keeper housing de?nes a
gage the latch.
pair of vertically spaced transverse slots or openings 20
Fifth, to provide a latch housing with a novel arrange—
with outwardly turned flanges 21 on their upper and
ment of slots and openings for securing retaining leaf
lower edges. The triangular side ?ange 14 is horizontally
spring keepers ‘by a novel interlocking engagement with 35 slotted as at 22 in the same general horizontal planes
the separate fasteners thus reducing the cost of manu—
facture and assembly of the latch.
as the openings 20 and the side ?ange 15 de?nes a pair
of openings 23 horizontally aligned with the openings 20
and the slots 22. A pair of generally U-shaped keeper
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be
apparent from a consideration of the following descrip
springs 24 have inner arms 25 supported between the
tion and claims. The drawings, of which there is one 40 ?anges 21 with inwardly off-set U-shaped folds 26 thereon
forming keepers which project through the openings 20
sheet, illustrate a highly practical form of the latch of
the invention.
into the keeper housing 8. The U-shaped bights of the
keeper springs are supported in the slots 22 and the
FIG. 1 is a front elevational View of an automobile
illustrating the position of the latch of the invention
outer arms 27 of the springs are provided with U-bends
45 or hooks 28 passed through the openings 23 and engaged
thereon.
with the edges of the openings to place the keeper springs
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary enlarged vertical longitudinal
under compressive stress. The keeper housing 8 with
cross sectional view through the latch taken along the
plane of the line 2—2 in FIG. 1.
the hood opening spring 151 and keeper springs 24 is
vFIG. 3 is a fragmentary transverse vertical cross sec
tional view taken along the plane of the line 3-3 in
FIG. 2, and looking toward the front of the latch and
the automobile.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary horizontal cross sectional view
secured on the upper side of the reinforcing channel 7
by means of bolts 29.
Cooperating with the keeper housing 8, and keeper
springs 24, is a latch pin 30 having a tapered head 31.
The latch pin 30 is rotatably mounted in a latch pin
mounting tube 32 having a threaded lower end re
taken along the plane of the line 4—4 in FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the keeper housing 55 ceived in a reinforcing plate 33 secured to the under
side of a cross member 34 at the upper side of the grill
stamping of the latch structure.
5. The reinforcing plate 33 has a downwardly extruded
FIG. 6 is a fragmentary horizontal cross sectional View
taken along the plane of the line 6-6 in FIG. 3 and
internally threaded neck 35 engageable with the threads
showing the latch release lever spring and stop of the
on the tube and a lock nut 36 secures the tube in place
60 and permits its adjustment to compensate for manu
latch structure.
The latch structure of the invention is disclosed as
facturing variations in the positions of the hood 1 and
applied to the hood 1 of an automobile 2 but may be
employed with other swinging closures. The latch struc
ture is generally indicated at 3 in FIG. 1 and hinges 4
the keeper housing 8.
vThe head 31 projects laterally beyond the sides of
the tube 32 in keeper engaging shoulders 37 and has two
3,094,347
4
?at sides 38 of reduced radial width which are generally
?ush With the sides of the tube 32. At its lower end
below the tube 32 the pin 30 is provided with a non
circular driving connection with the ?atted end 39 of an
operating arm 40. A coil spring ‘41 sleeved around the
lower end of the tube has one end 42 hearing against a
depending ?ange 43 on the mounting plate 33 while its
other end 44 bears against the operating arm 40‘ to bias
the arm into locating engagement with a second ?ange
45 on the plate 33.
10
With the structure as described it will be apparent that
a latch spring support plate attachable to the body of
a vehicle below said housing,
a latch pin tube threadedly and adjustably mounted in
said support plate to project into said housing when
the hood is closed,
a latch pin rotatably mounted in said tube and having
an upwardly tapering head with a downwardly facing
keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond the side
of said tube to engage said keeper folds on said
keeper springs,
?at sides of reduced radius formed on said head and
closing motion of the hood downwardly against the
rotatable into clearing relation to said keeper springs,
cross member 34 at the top of the grill will cause the
an operating arm secured to the lower end of said latch
tapered head 31 of the latch pin to pass upwardly into
pin to project toward the grille of a vehicle,
and a torsion spring sleeved around the lower end of
the keeper housing with the tapered sides of the head 15
pressing cammingly against the springs 24 and succesive
-1y forcing the keeper folds 26 outwardly as the latch pin
head passes thereby. The keeper springs 24 and their
keeper portions 26 spring back behind the keeper engag
ing shoulders 37 as the head passes and the latch and 20
hood opening spring 19 is compressed by the end of the
pin.
Should the upper latch spring 24 break or be
said tube and having ends bearing against said arm
and said support plate to bias said pin and head to
keeper engaging position,
said latch pin support plate having a projection thereon
in the path of said operating arm in the keeper en
gaging position of said head.
2. A hood latch comprising,
accidentally disengaged there is a second latch spring
therebelow to engage the keeper shoulder 37 and prevent
a keeper housing of downwardly opening channel shape
the hood from flying open while the vehicle is in motion.
The coil spring v4,1 holds the latch pin and head in rotated
position to engage the keepers 26. When it is desired to
release the latch and open the hood the operating arm
40 is simply swung about 90° thus rotating one of the
flat sides 38 on the ‘latch pin head into registering rela
a transverse slot formed in said web,
having ‘a top web and side walls,
tion with the keeper projections 26 so that the latch is
a U-shaped hood opening spring having one arm
lapped against the underside of said web with another
arm projecting yieldably between said side walls,
a key 'bar supported by the side walls at the ends of said
slot and under said spring to retain said spring in
place,
disengaged at which time the spring 19, 151 forces the
attaching ?anges on the lower edges of said side walls
hood away from the grill 5. The mounting plate 6 and
reinforcing plate 7 which support the keeper housing 8
must of course pass the head 31 of the latch bolt 30 35
and a hole 36 (see FIG. 4) is provided in the plates
for this purpose.
What is claimed as new is:
1. A hood latch comprising,
a keeper housing of downwardly opening channel 40
shape having a top web and side walls,
a transverse slot formed in said web to said side walls,
a U-shaped hood opening spring having one arm lapped
against the underside of said web with an upward
o?-set projecting into said slot and with another arm 45
projecting yieldably between said side walls,
a key bar supported by the side walls at the ends of
said slot and under the oil-set in said spring to re
tain said spring in place,
attaching ?anges on the lower edges of said side walls
for attaching said housing to a support spaced below
the top of a hood at the swinging end of the hood,
side ?anges turned laterally outwardly away from said
housing from the edges of one of said side walls,
one of said side ?anges having vertically spaced slots 55
formed therein and extending to the side wall,
the other of said side ?anges having vertically spaced
openings formed therein with retaining edges at
their outer ends opposed to said slots in said ?rst
side ?ange,
60
vertically spaced slots formed in said side wall with
outwardly projecting ?anges on their upper and
lower edges, ’
vertically spaced U-shaped keeper springs having their
bights supported in said slots in said ?rst side ?ange
with one arm of each spring extending across one
of said slots in said side wall and retained between
the ?anges on the edges thereof,
the other arms of said keeper springs having hooks
on their ends engaging the edges of the openings in
said other side ?ange to compress the keeper springs
,
against said one side wall,
keeper folds formed in the ?rst arms of said keeper
springs and projecting through said slots in said side
wall,
‘for attaching said housing to a support spaced below
the top of a hood at the swinging end of the hood,
side ?anges turned laterally outwardly away from said
housing from the edges of one of said side walls,
one of said side ?anges having vertically spaced slots
formed therein,
the other of said side ?anges having vertically spaced
openings formed therein with retaining edges at their
outer ends opposed to said slots in said ?rst side
?ange,
Vertically spaced slots formed in said side wall with out
vtlardly projecting ?anges on their upper and lower
e ges,
vertically spaced U-shaped keeper springs ' raving their
bights supported in said slots in said ?rst side ?ange
with one arm of each spring extending across one
of said slots in said side wall and retained between
the ?anges on the edges thereof,
the other arms of said keeper springs ‘having hooks on
their ends engaging the edges of the openings in
said other side ?ange to compress the keeper springs
against said one side wall,
keeper folds formed in the ?rst arms of said keeper
sprlilngs and projecting through said slots in said side
wa
,
a latch pin support attachable to the ‘body of a vehicle
below said housing,
a latch pin the tube threadedly and adjustably mounted
in said support to project into said housing when
the vhood is closed,
a latch pin rotatably mounted in said tube and having
an upwardly tapering head with a downwardly facing
keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond the side
of said tube to engage said keeper folds on said keeper
springs,
?at sides of reduced radius formed on said head and
rotatable into clearing relation to said keeper springs,
an operating arm secured to the lower end of said latch
pin to project toward the grille of ‘a vehicle,
and a torsion spring ‘sleeved around the lower end of
said tube and having ends bearing against said am
and said support plate to bias ‘said pin ‘and head to
keeper engaging position,
3,094,347
5
6
said latch pin support plate having a projection thereon
with one arm of each spring extending across one
in the path of said operating arm in the keeper en
of said slots in said side wall,
the other arms of said keeper springs having hooks on
gaging position of said head.
3. A hood latch comprising,
a keeper housing of downwardly opening channel shape
having a top web ‘and side walls,
a U-shaped hood opening spring having one arm re
tained against the underside of said web with another
‘arm projecting yieldably between said side walls,
means on the lower edges of said side walls for attach~ 10
ing said housing to a support spaced below the top
of ‘a hood at the swinging end of the hood,
side ?anges turned laterally outwardly away from said
housing from the edges of one of said side walls,
one of said side ?anges having vertically spaced slots
formed therein,
the other of said side ?anges having vertically spaced
openings formed therein with retaining edges at their
outer ends opposite said slots in said ?rst side ?ange,
vertically spaced slots formed in said side wall with 20
outwardly projecting ?anges on their upper and lower
edges,
vertically spaced U-shaped keeper springs having their
bights supported in said slots in said ?rst side ?ange
with one arm of each spring extending across one 25
of said slots in said side wall and retained between
the ?anges on the edges thereof,
the other arms of said keeper springs having hooks on
their ends engaging the edges of the openings in said
other side ?ange to compress the keeper springs
against said one side wall,
keeper folds formed in the ?rst arms of said keeper
springs and projecting through said slots in said side
wall,
a latch pin support attachable to the body of a vehicle 35
below said housing,
a latch pin tube threadedly ‘and adjustably mounted in
said support to project toward said housing when
the hood is closed,
a latch pin rotatably mounted in said tube and having 40
an upwardly tapering head with a downwardly fac
ing keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond the
side of said pin to engage said keeper folds on ‘said
keeper springs,
?at sides of reduced radius formed on said head and 45
rotatable into clearing relation to ‘said keeper springs,
an operating arm secured to the lower end of said latch
pin to project toward the grille of a vehicle,
a torsion spring sleeved around the lower end of said
tube and having ends bearing against said ‘arm and 50
said support to bias said pin and head to keeper en
gaging position,
=and means on said latch pin support forming 1a projec
tion in the path of said operating arm in the keeper
engaging position of said head.
55
4. A hood latch comprising,
a keeper housing of downwardly opening channel shape
having a top web and side walls,
a U-shaped hood opening spring having one arm re
tained against said web with another arm projecting 60
yieldably between said side walls,
means for attaching said housing to a support spaced
below the top of a hood at the swinging end of the
hood,
side ?anges turned laterally outwardly away from said 65
housing from the edges of one of said side walls,
one of said side ?anges having vertically spaced slots
formed therein,
the other of said side ?anges having vertically spaced
openings formed therein with retaining edges at 70
their outer ends opposite said slots in said ?rst side
?ange,
vertically spaced slots formed in said side wall,
vertically spaced U-shaped keeper springs having their
bights supported in said slots in said ?rst side ?ange 75
their ends engaging the edges of the openings in
said other side ?ange to compress the keeper springs
against said one side wall,
keeper folds formed in the ?rst arms of said keeper
springs and projecting through said slots in said side
wall,
a latch pin support attachable to the body of a vehicle
below said housing,
a latch pin tube threadedly and adjustably mounted in
said support to project toward said housing when
the hood is closed,
a latch pin rotatably mounted in said tube and having
an upwardly tapering head with a downwardly fac
ing keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond the
side of said pin to engage said keeper folds on said
keeper springs,
?at sides of reduced radius formed on said head and
rotatable into clearing relation to said keeper springs,
an operating arm secured to the lower end of said
latch pin to project toward the grille of a vehicle,
a torsion spring sleeved around the lower end of said
tube and having ends bearing against said arm and
said support to bias said pin and head to keeper
engaging position,
and means forming a projection in the path of said
operating arm in the keeper engaging position of
said head.
5. A hood latch comprising,
a keeper housing having a downwardly facing top web
and side wall,
a U-shaped hood opening spring having one arm
lapped against said top wall with another arm pro
jecting yieldably alongside said side wall,
means for attaching said housing to a support at the
swinging end of the hood,
side ?anges turned laterally outwardly away from
said housing from the edges of said side wall,
one of said side ?anges having vertically spaced slots
formed therein,
the other of said side ?anges having vertically spaced
openings formed therein with retaining edges at
their outer ends opposed to said slots in said ?rst
side ?ange,
vertically spaced slots formed in said side wall, with
outwardly projecting ?anges on ‘their upper and
lower edges,
vertically spaced U~shaped keeper springs having their
bights supported in said slots in said side ?ange
with one arm of each spring extending across one of
said slots in said side wall and retained between
the ?anges on the edges thereof,
the other arms of said keeper springs having hooks on
their ends engaging the edges of the openings in said
side ?ange to compress the keeper springs against
said side wall,
keeper folds formed in the ?rst arms of said keeper
springs and projecting through said slots in said
side wall,
a latch pin support attachable to the body of a ve
hicle below said housing,
a latch pin rotatably mounted on said support and
having an upwardly tapering head with a downward
ly facing keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond
the side of said pin to engage said keeper folds on
said keeper springs,
?at sides of reduced radius formed on said head and
rotatable into clearing relation to said keeper springs,
an operating arm secured to the lower end of said
latch pin to project toward the grille of a vehicle,
and a torsion spring means engaged with said pin to
bias said pin and head to keeper engaging position,
6. A hood latch comprising,
3,094,347
I
-8
r
and torsion spring means connected to said pin to
a keeper housing having a downwardly facingtop web
and a side wall,
a U-shap'ed hood opening spring having one arm
lapped against said top wall with another arm pro
bias said pin and head to keeper engaging position.
8. A hood latch comprising,
a keeper housing having a top wall and a side wall,
a hood opening spring having one end abutted against
said top wall and with its other end Projecting yield
jecting yieldably alongside said side wall,
means for attaching said housing to a support at the
ably therebelow,
swinging end of the hood,
a side ?ange turned laterally outwardly away from
means attaching said housing to a hood at the'swinging
said housing from the edge of said side wall,
said side ?ange having an opening ‘formed therein 10
with a retaining edge at its outer end,
a slot formed in said side wall, with outwardly pro
jecting ?anges on its upper and lower edges,
a U-shaped keeper spring having one arm extending
across said slot in said side wall and retained be 15
tween the ?anges on the edges thereof,
the other arm of said keeper spring having a hook
on its end engaging the edge of the opening in said
end of the hood,
side ?anges turned laterally outwardly away irom said
housing from the edges of said side wall,
one of said side ?anges having a slot formed therein,
the other of said side ?anges having an opening formed
side ?ange to compress the keeper spring against
said side wall,
in said slot in said ?rst side ?ange with one arm of
the spring extending across said slot in said side wall,
its end engaging the edge of the opening in said other
side ?ange to compress the keeper spring against said
spring and projecting through said slot in said side
one side wall,
a keeper fold formed in the ?rst arm of said keeper
wall,
a latch pin support attachable to the body of a vehicle
25
a latch pin rotatably mounted on said support and hav
ing an upwardly tapering ‘head with a downwardly
facing keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond
the side of said pin to engage said keeper fold on
said keeper spring,
a U-shaped keeper spring having its bight supported
the other arm of said keeper spring having a hook on
a keeper fold formed in the ?rst arm of said keeper
below said housing,
therein with a retaining edge at its outer end opposed
to said slot in said ?rst side ?ange,
a slot formed in said side wall,
30
?at sides of reduced radius formed on said head and
rotatable into clearing relation to said keeper spring,
an operating arm secured to the lower end of said latch
pin to project toward the grille of a vehicle,
and a torsion spring means engaged with said pin to 35
bias said pin and head to keeper engaging position.
7. A hood latch comprising,
a keeper housing having a top wall and a side wall,
a hood opening spring having one end abutted against
said top wall and {with its other end projecting yield
ably therebelow,
means attaching said housing to a hood at the swinging
end of the hood,
side ?anges turned laterally outwardly away from said
housing from the edges of said side wall,
one of said side ?anges having a slot formed therein
and extending to‘the side wall,
the other of said side ?anges having an opening formed
therein with a retaining edge at its outer end opposed
50
to said slot in said ?rst side ?ange,
a slot formed in said side wall with outwardly project
ing ?anges on its upper and lower edges,
a U-shaped keeper spring having its bight supported
in said slot in said ?rst side ?ange with one arm
of the spring extending across said slot in said side 55
wall and retained between the ?anges on the edges
thereof,
the other arm ‘of said keeper spring having a hook on
its ‘end engaging the edge of the opening in said
other side ?ange to compress the keeper spring 60
against said one side wall,
a keeper fold formed in the ?rst arm of said keeper
spring and projecting through said slot in said side
wall,
a latch pin support plate attachable to the body of a 65
vehicle below said housing,
a latch pin rotatably mounted on said support and hav
ing an upwardly tapering head with a downwardly
facing keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond
the side of said pin to engage said keeper told on 70
said keeper spring,
a flat side of reduced radius formed on said head and
rotatable into clearing relation to said keeper spring,
an operating arm secured to said latch pin to project
75
toward the grille of a vehicle,
spring and projecting through said slot in said side
wall,
a latch pin support plate attachable to the body of a
vehicle below said housing,
a latch pin rotatably mounted on said support and hav
ing an upwardly tapering head with a downwardly
‘facing keeper engaging shoulder projecting beyond
the side of said pin to engage said keeper fold on
said keeper spring,
a ?at side of reduced radius formed on said head and
rotatable into clearing relation to said keeper spring,
an operating arm secured to said latch pin to project
toward the grille of a vehicle,
and torsion spring means connected to said pin to bias
said pin and head to keeper engaging position.
9. In an ‘automotive vehicle having a body panel mem
ber and a chambered swihgable closure member mounted
to close against the panel, a latch structure compris
mg,
a latch pin axially ?xedly and rotatably mounted on
said panel to project into said closure member in
the closed position of the closure,
an outwardly tapered head on said pin having a keeper
engaging shoulder on one side at its inner end pro
jecting beyond the side of the pin,
said head and shoulder being cutaway along a side of
the pin angularly displaced ?rorn the shoulder,
a support secured to said closure member with a ?rst
wall positioned in spaced sidedby-side relation to
said pin in the closed position of the closure mem
her,
a second wall on said support arranged at an angle to
said ?rst wall,
openings formed in said walls with supporting ?anges
turned from opposite edges of the opening in the
?rst wall and away from said pin,
a leaf spring having one end abutted against said ?rst
wall and supported 'by said ?anges with an integral
off-set bow projecting through the opening in said
one wall into the path of said head as the closure
closes on said body member to engage behind said
shoulder in the closed position of the closure,
the other end of said spring being curved springably in
a Uabend from said ?rst end and having a hooked
engagement with the edge of the opening in said
second wall,
an operating arm secured .to said pin and projecting
therefrom to rotate the pin,
and torsion means rotatively biasing said pin to posi~
tion said shoulder into overlapping engagement with
said projecting o?i-set bow on said spring.
9
3,094,347
10
10. In an automotive vehicle having a body panel
member and a chambered swingable closure member
a head on said pin having a keeper engaging shoulder
on one side at its inner end projecting beyond the
mounted to close against the panel, a latch structure
comprising,
a latch pin axially ?xedly and rotatably mounted on
side of the pin,
said head and shoulder being cut away along a side of
the pin angularly displaced from the shoulder,
said panel to project into said closure member in
the closed position of the closure,
an outwardly tapered head on said pin having a keeper
a support secured to said closure member with a ?rst
wall positioned in spaced sideAby-side relation to said
pin in the close position of the closure member,
engaging shoulder on one side at its inner end pro
a second wall on said support arranged at an angle to
jecting beyond the side of the pin,
said ?rst wall,
said head and shoulder being cut away along a side
openings formed in said walls,
of the pin angularly displaced from the shoulder,
a leaf spring having one end abutted against said ?rst
a support secured to said closure member with a ?rst
wall with a portion projecting through the opening
wall positioned in spaced side-by-side relation to said
pin in the closed position of the closure member,
15
a second wall on said support arranged at an angle
in said one wall into the path of said head as the
closure closes on said body member to engage behind
said shoulder in the closed position of the closure,
the other end of said spring being lcurved springably
to said ?rst wall,
openings formed in said walls,
from said ?rst end and having a hooked engagement
a leaf spring having one end abutted against said ?rst
wall with an integral oil-set bow projecting through
the opening in said one wall into the path of said
with the edge of the opening in said second wall,
an operating ‘arm secured to said pin and projecting
therefrom to rotate the pin,
head as the closure closes on said body member to
and torsion means rotatively biasing said pin to posi
engage behind said shoulder in the closed position
tion said shoulder into overlapping engagement with
of the closure,
said projecting projection on said spring.
the other end of said spring being curved springably 25
13. In an automotive vehicle having a body member
from said ?rst end and having a hooked engagement
and a swingable closure member mounted to close against
with the edge of the opening in said second wall,
the body member, a latch structure comprising,
an operating arm secured to said pin and projecting
a latch pin axially ?xedly and rotatably mounted on
therefrom to rotate the pin,
one of said members to project into the other of
and torsion means rotatively biasing said pin to posi 30
said members in the closed position of the closure,
tion said shoulder into overlapping engagement with
an outwardly tapered head on said pin having a keeper
said projecting off-set bow on said spring.
engaging shoulder on one side at its inner end pro
11. In an automotive vehicle having a body panel
jecting beyond the side of the pin,
member and a chambered swingable closure member
said head and shoulder being cut away along a side
35
mounted to close against the panel, a latch structure
of the pin angularly displaced from the shoulder,
comprising,
a support secured to the other of said members with a
a latch pin axially ?xedly and rotatably mounted on
said panel to project into said closure member in
?rst wall positioned in spaced side-by-side relation
to said pin in the closed position of the members,
the closed position of the closure,
a second wall on said support arranged at an angle to
a head on said pin having a keeper engaging shoulder
on one side at its inner end projecting beyond the
said ?rst wall,
openings formed in said walls,
side of the pin,
a leaf spring having one end abutted against said ?rst
said head and shoulder being cut away along a side of
the pin angularly displaced from the shoulder,
a support ‘secured to said closure member with a ?rst 45
-wall positioned in spaced side-by-side relation to said
pin in the ‘closed position of the closure member,
a second wall on said support arranged at an angle to
said ?rst wall,
openings formed in said walls with supporting ?anges 50
turned from opposite edges of the opening in the
?rst wall and away from said pin,
a leaf spring having one end abutted against said ?rst
wall and supported by said ?anges with an integral
oil-set bow projecting through the opening in said
55
one wall into vthe path of said head “as the closure
closes on said body member to engage behind said
head as the closure closes on said body member to
engage behind said shoulder in the closed position
of the closure,
the other end of said spring being curved springably
from said ?rst end and having a hooked engagement
with the edge of the opening in said second wall,
an operating arm secured to said pin and projecting
therefrom to rotate the pin,
and torsion means rotatively biasing said pin to posi
tion said shoulder into overlapping engagement with
said projecting o?-set bow on said spring.
14. In an automotive vehicle having a body member
and a swingable closure member mounted to close against
shoulder in the closed position of the closure,
the other end of said spring being curved springably in
a U-bend from said ?rst end and having a hooked 60
engagement with the edge of the opening in said
second wall,
the body member, a latch structure comprising,
a latch pin axially ?xedly and rotatably mounted on
one of said members to project into the other of
said members in the closed position of the closure,
an operating arm secured to said pin and projecting
therefrom to rotate the pin,
and torsion means rotatively biasing said pin to posi 65
tion said shoulder into overlapping engagement with
said projecting oil-set bow on said spring.
12. In an automotive vehicle having a body panel
member and a chambered swingable closure member 70
mounted to close against the panel, a latch structure
comprising,
a latch pin axially ?xedly and rotatably mounted on
said panel to project into said closure member in
the closed position of the closure,
wall with an integral o?-set bow projecting through
the opening in said one wall into the path of said
75
a head on said pin having a keeper engaging shoulder
on one side projecting beyond the side of the pin,
said head and shoulder being cut away along a side
of the pin angularly displaced from the shoulder,
a support secured to the other of said members with
a ?rst wall positioned in spaced side-by-side relation
to said pin in the closed position of the members,
a second wall on said support arranged at an angle to
said ?rst wall,
openings formed in said walls,
a leaf spring having one end abutted against said ?rst
wall with an offset projecting through the opening
in said one wall into: the path of said head as the
3,094,347
11
1,472,242
1,654,361
2,333,465
2,486,003
2,896,988
closure closes on said body member to engage be
hind said shoulder in the closed position of the
closure,
.
the other end of said spring lbeing curved springa'bly
from said ?rst end and having a hooked engagement
with the edge of the opening in said second wall,
ing therefrom to rotate the pin.
1,462,727
Williams _____________ __ July 24, 1923
Cameron ______ _; ____ __ Dec. 27, 1927
Claud-Mantle __________ _._ Nov. 2, 1943
Christensen __________ __ Oct. 25, 1949
Hitzelberger __________ __ July 28, 1959
FOREIGN PATENTS
and ‘an operating arm secured to said pin and project
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
18
Oovi _________________ __ Oct. 30, 1923
187,646
' 1,118 1,268
10
Austria ______________ __ Jan. 15, 1956
France ________________ __ Jan. 5, 1959
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