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Патент USA US3094756

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June 25, 1963
w. H. JoBE
3,094,746
AWNING STRUCTURE
Filed Feb. 16. l1961
@l
INVEN TOR.
¿Z/alícwe HJ?) be,
United States Patent O
1
3,094,745
Patented June 25, 1963
1
2
3,094,746
closed in FIGURES 1-3 in the drawings, al1-awning struc
ture generally designated 10 is arranged for installation
AWNING STRUCTURE
Wallace H. lobe, 606 Woodview, Elk Grove Village, Ill.
Filed Feb. 16, 1961, Ser. No. 89,858
13 Claims. (Cl. 2li-57.5)
on a building wall 11 defining a window opening 12 sub
jacent an overhanging eave 13. The awning structure 10
comprises a plurality of support arms 14 and a plurality
of slats 15 `arranged in a novel manner to provide an
This invention relates to `awning structures and in par
improved protection of the -building opening. Herein the
ticular to awning structures such as for use on buildings.
slots have a height as best seen in FIGURE l, a length
wise longitudinal extent as best seen in FIGURE 2, and
Building openings, such .as window and door openings,
are conventionally protected from the direct rays of sun
a thickness ias best seen in FIGURE 2.
light and from impingement of precipitation by awning
More specifically, as best seen in FIGURE 3, the sup
port arms 14 comprise elongated members having an
upper surface 16 and a plurality of parallel transverse slots
17 spaced longitudinally of the arrn 14 «and opening
structures extending outwardly from the building wall at
the top of such openings. The known awning structures
for such use have several serious disadvantages. One
such disadvantage is the entrapment of pockets of hot air
through the surface 16.
thereunder, as during hot summer days, due to a lack
The `slots are arranged at an
acute angle to the longitudinal centerline of the support
of `suitable ventilation thereof. Further, the conventional
awning structures are not adapted to protect the building
arm to open angularly toward an upper end 18 of the sup
port arm. Herein the slots 17 are uniformly spaced and
have »a width substantially equal to the thickness of the
slats 15. As best seen in FIGURE 3, the depth of each
slot 17 is slightly less than the height of the slats 15.
The arms 14 are arranged in an inclined disposition
opening effectively from all directions but often permit
the precipitation and sunlight to impinge on the openings
from directions other than directly outwardly from the
building. Still another disadvantage of the known awning
Structures is that they are relatively bulky and unwieldy
with the slots 17 `substantially vertical by means of a con
and present serious storage and shipping problems. Still
necting element 19 at the upper end 18 of each arm. In
further, the known awning structures are not effectively 25 the illustrative embodiment, the `connecting element 19 is
adapted for return configurations as required for effective
shown to be integral with the arm 14, however iany suit
protection of corner windows. Yet «another problem en
able connection of the connecting element 19 to the asso
countered in the use of the conventional awning structures
ciated arm 14 rnay be employed as is obvious to one
is the lack of `adaptability thereof for :arrangement in con
skilled in the art. The connecting elements 19 extend
_tinuous series to protect extended window arrangements.
30 substantially horizontally in engagement with the under
The present invention comprehends ya new and im
surface 20 of the overhang 13. In the illustrative embodi
proved awning structure which effectively avoids the above
discussed disadvantages of the conventional known awn
ing structures. Thus, a principal feature of the present
invention is the provision of a new and improved awning 35
structure.
Another feature of the invention is the provision of
such an »awning structure comprising a plurality of hori
ment the connecting elements 19 extend inwardly to the
wall 11; however if desired, the connecting elements 19
may be terminated short of the wall 11 yand suitably
zontally spaced, vertically extending slats effectively pro
tecting a building opening against impingement of sunlight
and precipitation while providing effectively free ventila
21. Resultingly, the slats 15 are -arranged in concentric
secured to the overhang 13. As best seen »in FIGURE 2,
herein the connecting elements 19 converge at a common
vertical line 21 ‘adjacent the building wall 11 whereby
each support `arm extends radially outwardly from the line
40 'semi-circles, 'as best seen in FIGURE 2, with the opposite
ends 22 and 23 of the slats terminating in the vertical
plane defined by the front surface of the wall 11 and in
cluding the vertical line 21. As the innermost slot 17a
of each arm is spaced radi-ally from the line 21 by the
protection to the building openings.
45 length of the connecting element 19, a semi-circular area
Still another feature of the invention is a provision of
24 is defined by the uppermost central portion of the
such >an awning structure which is extremely simple and
awning structure. This area is covered by the overhang
economical of manufacture and which permits facilitated
13, in the arrangement of the awning structure shown
tion of the subjacent space.
A further feature of the invention is a provision of
such an awning structure providing effectively maximum
storage and shipping.
in FIGURES 1-3; thus, light and precipitation are effec
Still another feature of the invention is the provision 50 tively precluded from passing downwardly therethrough.
of such an awning structure providing facilitated assem
Where the awning structure is installed on a wall having
bly and erection on a building selectively with or without
no isuperjacent overhang, the area 24 may be covered by
ya superjacent building overhang.
-a suitable panel such as panel 25 of awning structure 110
A still further feature of the invention is the provision
illustrated in FIGURES 4 and 5.
of such an .awning structure adapted for lfacilitated ar 55
Referring more specifically to FIGURE 4, awning
rangement in a wide variety of configurations lfor effec
structure 110 is shown to comprise an awning structure
tively protecting substantially all conventional building
generally similar to awning structure v10 »but adapted for
use without an overhang immediately thereabove and is
Other features and advantages of the invention will be
arranged for extension around a corner 26 of the building
apparent from the following description, taken in con 60 wall 27. Thus, awning structure 110 includes a plurality
nection with the accompanying drawing wherein:
of support arms 14 which, rather than extending radially
opening arrangements.
FIGURE l is a front elevation of an awning structure
embodying the invention installed on a portion of a
from a common line, such as line 21 of awning structure
10, extend perpendicularly outwardly from the intersect- f
building superjacent `a window opening thereof;
FIGURE 2 is a plan View thereof;
FIGURE 3 is a vertical section thereof taken substan
65
ing surfaces `of the wall 27 `defining the corner 26, being
retained in this outwardly extending disposition by snit
able brackets such as brackets 28. Thus, the slats 15
of awning structure 110 ido not extend fully semi-circular
FIGURE 4 is a plan of Ia modified form of awning
ly Ibut rather ‘define quarter-circle portions 29 and inter
structure embodying the invention; and
mediate straight portions 30. The space within the inner
FIGURE 5 is an enlarged vertical section thereof taken
70 most slat 15a is covered by the panel 25, which as best
substantially along the line 5-5 of FIGURE 4.
seen in FIGURE 4, comprises an L-shaped panel turning
In the exemplary embodiment of the invention as dis
the corner 26. Thus, the invention comprehends the use
tially along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2;
3,094,746
Ll
of a suitable panel having a configuration corresponding
to the space between the innermost slat and the building
Wall Whatever the arrangement of the awning structure
may be, where this space is not covered -by suitable
building overhang.
The improved arrangement of awning structure 10
to the vertical between a pair of vertically spaced sub
stantially horizontal planes with said slots vertical; und a
plurality of resilient slats fitted in corresponding slots of
said arms `and extending longitudinally arena-telly there
between, ythe opposite ends of said slats terminating in la
common plane substantially perpendicular to Ithe longi
the slots of the arms assures a secured retention there
of without the use of securing devices such as screws,
tudinal extent of :said ends.
2. An ‘awning structure: a plural-ity of elongate sup
port arms each having an upper surface anda plurali-ty of
parallel, transverse slots spaced longitudinally of the arm
and opening through said upper surface tand toward one
end of the arm at `an acute angle to the longitudinal cen
terllne thereof; -a connecting element aft said one end of
each -anm for securing «the yarms atan angle to the vertical
wardly opening doors. As the awning structure is adapt
and toward one end of the arm «at an acute `angle to the
permits the construction thereof from a number of differ
ent suitable materials such as Wood, metals such as
aluminum, or plastics. The slats may be formed in
straight sections and bent to the desired configuration to
ñt into the corresponding slots of the support arms,
whereby the natural resiliency vof the slats and their lit in
bolts or nails. Further, awning structure l0 permits the 15 between a pair of vertical-ly spaced substantially horizon
tal planes with said slots substantially vertical, said con
ready removal of the slats when desired as for cleaning
necting elements extending said arms in different angu
or painting. Maintenance of the awning structure is
larly related vertical planes; and Ia plurality of slats iitted
further simplified by the effective minimizing of the num
in lcorresponding slots of said arms Iand extending longitu
ber of support structures lrequired permitted `by the self
supporting arrangement of the awning structure where 20 dinally «curvilinearly therebetween.
3. The .aw-ning structure of claim 2 wherein »said »slats
in the end portions 22 and 23 of the slats are secured in
are resiliently deformed longitudinally to iìt correspond
the arms 14 fixed to the building wall »11. By so re
ing slots of said angulairly «related arms whereby the bias
taining t-he end portions of the slats, improved resistance
force ‘acts to retain the slots securely `in said slots.
to wind forces is obtained.
4. The `awning structure «of claim 2 wherein said «arms
The arrangement of awning structure lll with the inner 25
retain said slats in a partially curvilinear and partially «rec
most slat l5@ .defining a horizontal area at the upper
tilinear configuration.
most portion of the awning structure provides a number
5. The awning structure `of `claim 2 wherein said slats
of highly desirable advantages. Thus, the awning struc
have equal heights and :have lengths directly proportional
ture 10 is well adapted for use with easement windows
which swing outwardly as the space subjacent area 2.4 30 to the spacing .thereof from the uppermost portion of the
arms.
is unobstructed. Further, Where the awning structure is
6. The :awning structure of claim 2 wherein said slots are
used in conjunction with a window wall opening, the
of uniform depth and uniformly spaced.
outer surface of the window is accessible to the top por
7. An awning structure comprising: a plurality of
tion thereof, facilitating maintenance of the Window, such
as Washing thereof. Still further, the unobstructed space 35 elongate support arms each having an upper surface and
«a plurality of parallel, transverse slots spaced longitudi
below area 24 permits the awning structure lt) to be
nally of the arm and opening through said upper surface
used in conjunction "with wall openings `defined by out
longitudinal centerline thereof; 1a connecting element at
ed for use with windows and doors, the same general
structure may be utilized at substantially all conventional 40 said one end 'of each )arm for securing the arms in an
openings in the Ábuilding wall providing a uniformity of
appearance highly esthetically desirable.
inclined disposition between ‘a pair of spaced substan
tially horizontal planes with said slots substantially ver
tical, said connecting elements being arranged to extend
said yarms in Vertical lplanes intersecting in a single verti
Depending von the height ofthe wall opening to be piro
tected, the length yof the arms 14 may be preselected to :arf
fcrd elîiectiuely maximum protection with an effectively 45 cal line; and a plurality of slats fitted longitudinally arcu
ately in corresponding slots of said arms, said slots ex
downward extension of .the »awning structure.
tending longitudinally substantiially horizontally there
Illustratively, where windows of small height are to be
between with the yheight extent of said slats substantially
proctected, the support arms 14 -rnay be relatively short and
vertical.
only .a small number of slats utilized. Where the wall
8. The »awning structune of claim 7 wherein said con
opening has relatively substantial height, «as in- =a door 50
necting elements extend from said line.
opening, «the support arms may be relatively long to carry
9. An awning structure comprising: a plurality of
an increased number of slats. Thus, the supper-.t farms of
elongate support arms each having an upper surface and
the different awning structures may ‘be arranged ‘at a sub
a plurality of parallel, transverse slots spaced longitudi
stantially uniform angle, such Aas 45°, further providing
nally of the arm yand opening through said upper surface
a uniformity in appearance of a plurality of such awning
structures provided on a building Wall.
As' the awning structure 10 defines a plurality lof verti
cally o-pen concentric spaces between the slats, diffused
Iand toward one end of the arm at an acute angle to the
longitudinal centerline thereof; a connecting element at
said one end of each farm for securing the arms in an in
clined disposition between a pair of spaced substantially
horizontal planes with said slots substantially vertical;
the oppressive, dark effect of the ‘convention-al «awning
and a plurality of slats fitted in corresponding slots 4of
structures.
said arms ,and extending longitudinally arcuately substan
While I have sho-wn and described certain embodiments
tially horizontally therebetween with the lheight extent of
of my invention, it is -to be understood that itis capable of
said slats substantially vertical and the opposite ends of
many modifications. Changes, therefore, in the construc
tion and arrangement may be made without departing 65 said slats terminating in a single vertical plane extending
transversely to the ends.
from the spirit and iscope of the invention 'as defined in the
l0. The awning structure of claim 9 wherein said
:appended claims.
slats
`define semi-circles.
l claim:
1‘1. An awning structure comprising: a plurality of
l. An Iawn-ing structure comprising: ,a plurality of
light may pass downwardly therethrough thereby .avoid-ing
elongate support arms each having an upper surface and 70 elongate support 'arms each having an `upper' surface and
a plurality of parallel, transverse slots spaced longitudi
-a plurality of parallel, tnansverse slots spaced longitudi
nally of the farm »and ‘opening through said lupper sur
nally of the amm and opening through said upper sur
face and toward one end of the «arm at an iacute angle «to
face and toward «one end of the arm at an acute angle
the longitudinal centerline thereof; a connecting element
to the longitudinal centerline thereof; a connecting ele
at said one end of each .arm securing the arms at an angle 75. ment at said one end of each arm for securing the arms
5
3,094,746
in an inclined disposition ‘between a pair of -spaeed suh
stantially horizontal planes with said slots substantially
vertical; »and 4a plurality yoi? slats íitted in icorresponding
slots off said #arms to 'extend substantially horizontally
therebetween with ythe dat extent of -said slats substan
tially vertical ‘and fthe opposite ends of the slats termi
nating in intersecting ventical planes.
6
clined disposition between a pair of spaced substantially
«horizontal planes with sai-d slots substantially ventioal; a
plumality of slats ñtted in corresponding slots of eaid arms
to extend therebetween with «the Hat extent of said slats
substantially vertical, the innermost 'slat defining an inner
area; and a substantial-1y horizontal panel covering said
area.
l2. An iawning struoture comprising: a plurality off
113. The :awning structure of claim 12 wherein said
elongate support 'arms each ‘having an upper, generally
area and panel are -semi-circular.
‘horizontal poration and an angularly related portion hav 10
ing an upper surface and a plurality of parallel, trans
References Cited in the file of this patent
verse slots spaced longitudinally of said vangullarly related
pontion and opening through said upper surface and to
UNITED STATES PATENTS
ward one end of the yarrn «at `an acute angle to the 1on
gitudinal ‘centerline thereof; a connecting element `at said 15
one end of each arm for Isecuring the »arms with said
angularly related portion extending in an outwardly de
1,941,308
2,414,094
2,621,765
indahl _____________ .__ Dec. 26, 1933
Covell‘e _____________ __ Ilan. 14, 1947
Wood _______________ ___ Dec. 16, 1952
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