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Патент USA US3094818

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June 25, 1963
F. 'r. GREE NI
3, 0 94,803
Filed Feb. 23. 1961
Patented June 25, 1963
Frank T. Green, I-Iaydenville, Mass., assignor to Noble
Manufacturing (30., Inc., Haydenville, Mass, a corpora
tion of Massachusetts
Filed Feb. 23, 1961, Ser. No. 91,072
9 Claims. (CI. 42—18)
FIG. 7 is a view showing a modi?ed spring construc
Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown a gunstock 10,
a barrel 12, trigger 14, trigger guard 16 and a receiver
generally indicated at 18. This receiver is shown in
detail in the other ?gures and in general is cast in a
single piece with the frame, magazine ‘box 20, the trigger
mounting plates 22, etc. There are two plates 22 which
are mutually spaced to receive the trigger 14 therebetween
10 on a trigger pin 24. There is .a sear 26 and a safety mem
This invention relates to a new and improved bolt action
?rearm usable for any kind of ammunition but par
ticularly adapted to use as -a shotgun. The principal ob
ber 28 operated ‘by a ?nger lever 30 mounted on the plates
22 in position to be actuated by the operator of the ?re
arm, the lever 30 being located toward the rear portion of
jects of the invention include the provision of a new and
the receiver.
improved one-piece combined receiver, magazine box, 15 The receiver and frame member also includes as an
and housing of the ?re control parts made integral as
integral part thereof a generally cylindrical elongated
by casting, including the portion of the receiver that holds
and guides the bolt in the reciprocatory and rotary action
thereof, to the end that the production of the ?rearm
is made faster, less expensive, and with less machining
necessary than in prior art constructions wherein these
parts are made separately and connected together, and
member 32 forming a way for the bolt 34 and this mem
ber is formed in such a way as to provide a ‘guide for the
bolt and a port at 36 for loading shells into the magazine
and for extracting the same.
The magazine box 20 is provided with a pin 38 which
mounts a spring 40 and a follower 42, the shells being
pushed downwardly through port 36 as seen in FIG. 3
also resulting in improved recoil characteristics and
onto follower 42 depressing the same against the action of
Another object of the invention resides in the provision 25 the spring 40 to load the magazine. The spring of course
of ‘a cantilever type spring which is associated with the
moves the follower ‘and the shells upwardly to a point
magazine box at the top portion thereof adjacent the ‘bolt
where the bolt may pick up the topmost shell and seat
it in the chamber in the barrel 112. The bolt may also
way portion ‘of the receiver, said cantilever spring being
‘be provided with the usual extractor and ejection means.
secured at one end to a part of the combined receiver de
The magazine box 20 is provided with a slot at the
scribed above and terminating in a free end having a 30
laterally projecting manual shell holding and release ?nger
hold, the purpose of this spring being multiple as it re
tains the shells in the magazine box, it may have a notch
right-hand top portion thereof, see FIG. 5, at 44 and this
slot accommodates a ?ange or ledge 46 which is generally
horizontal and extends inwardly to the left in FIG. 6 and
comprises a portion of the cantilever spring 48. The
or similar means providing for an ejector for empty shells
brought rearwardly or extracted by the bolt as the bolt is 35 cantilever spring 48 is mounted at its forward end as at
‘50 and is ‘free at its opposite or rear end and having a
brought in a rearward direction in the bolt-way; and it
?ngerhold 52 for motion ‘thereof as shown in dotted lines
provides a manual shell release, permitting the shells to
in FIG. 3. The stock of the ?rearm prevents the exag
be released from the magazine when it is desired to empty
gerated motion illustrated in FIG. 3 ‘but this is shown for
the magazine, while allowing ejection of the ?red shells
upon retraction of the bolt.
40 purposes of illustration.
When the shells are loaded downwardly in the maga
The unit construction of the receiver, magazine box and
housing, etc. provides seating the action in a manner such
zine, the rear end portions at the rims thereof engage the
inner edge of flange 46 and cause the same to become
that recoil thrust is absorbed over a ‘greater area, and
slightly dislodge dagainst the action of spring 48 in order
making a more secure seating between the action and the
stock, with the advantage that the recoil due to shooting 45 for the shells to pass the ?ange and underlie the same so
that the flange 46 is seen to hold the shells down in posi
will not loosen the stock seat or cause it to break away,
tion. However, when it is desired to manually release the
as in prior art guns with less seat area; also the action,
shells, the operator engages the thumbpiece 52 and moves
being held more securely, does not shift with relation to
the spring 48 suf?ciently to release the ?ange 46 from the
the wood of the stock, such shifting causing movable
parts such as trigger or safety to become inoperative. 50 cartridges whereupon the spring 40‘ will tend to move the
same up and unload the ?rearm through the ejector and
This construction also makes it possible to provide a pro
loading port.
jecting ledge on the frame or receiver which covers any
As seen in FIGS. 5 and 6, the one-piece combined maga
opening left by the stock inletting, thus improving the
zine box receiver, frame and housing for the ?re control
appearance of the ?rearm and preventing dirt and par
55 parts is provided with ledges along the sides thereof, the
ticles from entering the cavity of the action.
left-hand ledge being shown at 54 and the right-hand side
Other objects and advantages of the invention will
appear hereinafter.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings,
in which
FIG. 1 is a view in side elevation illustrating the ?re
arm in general, the barrel being broken away;
FIG. 2 is a view on an enlarged scale illustrating the
having a ledge at ‘the rear portion thereof at 56 and an
other spaced ledge 58, the ledge 58 serving the purposes
of the other ledges 54 and 56 and also covering spring 48
at the top edge thereof in its normal condition which is
shown in FIG. 5.
These ledges are located in such a way as to cover the
edges of the inletting openings, and this improves the
action and magazine, the bolt and the stock having been
appearance of the gun‘ and ‘also prevents any dirt and
omitted for clarity of illustration;
65 particles from entering the action cavity. The magazine
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the parts shown in FIG. 2,
“looking in the direction of arrow 3 in FIG. 2;
box is preferably made short enough so that it is com
pletely housed within the stock 10.
FIG. 4 is -a section on line ‘4-4 of FIG. 3;
The bolt of course has the usual rectilinear and rotary
FIG. 5 is a view on an enlarged scale, being a section
motion for the purpose of actuating the ?rearm. As the
‘ taken on line 5-5 of FIG. 4;
70 bolt is brought back, the topmost cartridge in the maga
FIG. 6 is an enlarged section on line 6—-6 of FIG. 1;
zine box is moved upward to a position where the front
face ‘of the bolt will engage the base of the cartridge and
' cause it to be moved forward and become seated in the
spring, ‘a loading port in the receiver, cartridges being
chamber. The bolt also contains the generally usual
?ring pin which is controlled by the sear as is Well known
by those skilled in the art. ,When the bolt is retracted, its
adapted to be thrust downwardly through the port onto
the follower, a cantilever spring, said cantilever spring
extractor brings the empty shell with it as usual and the
ejector is positioned in such a way as to throw vthe empty
being connected at one end with said receiver, the canti
lever spring being substantially free at its other end, and
means adjacent the free end of said cantilever spring
extending into the loading port in the area of the follower
overlying the same, said cantilever spring engaging a
portion of the topmost shell in the magazine and holding
follower plate 42 to a small extent so that as shells are 10 the same in position therein against the vaction of the
magazine spring until such time as the bolt is moved for
loaded, the follower can descend but at the same time
wardly to move the shell from the magazine follower
the shells become latched .under the edge of the ledge
toward the breech.
46. This ledge 46 is preferably tapered in a forward
shell out through the loading ‘port 36 upon the bolt being
received in its rearwardmost position.
The ?ange or ledge 46‘ of the spring 48 overlies the
direction as shown in FIG. 3 to provide for a smooth
actuation of loading, ?ring, etc. of the shells.
With the bolt locked in breech closed position and the
gun being ?red, the recoil thrust is absorbed over a larger
area than in the prior art and particularly the rear wall
area of the magazine box receives a substantial amount
‘of this recoil so that a more secure seating between ac
tion and stock isprovided, and the recoil due to shooting
‘will not loosen the stock seat or cause it to break away.
Also ‘by being held securely, by this construction, the
2. The ?rearm [as recited in claim
vmeans on the cantilever spring is in the
3. The ?rearm as recited in claim
means on the cantilever spring is in the
said ledge being tapered in a forward
1 wherein said
form of a ledge.
1 wherein said
form of a ledge,
direction so that
the cartridge, in being moved toward the chamber by
the bolt, gradually .runs off the ledge.
4. The ?rearm as recited in claim 1 wherein said
means on the cantilever spring is in the form of a ledge
and there being means on the ledge to eject cartridges
during the extractionthereof.
action does not shift with relation to the stock, thus
5. The ?rearm as recited in claim 1 wherein said
obviating the chance of some of the movable parts be 25
means on the cantilever spring is in the form of a ledge
coming inoperative.
and there "being a shoulder on the ledge to eject car
Furthermore, the single casting involving the parts
tridges duringthe extraction thereof.
shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 for instance is made less ex
6. The ?rearm of claim :1 including ejector means on
pensively than machined and assembled parts of the prior
the cantilever spring.
art, and the assembly of the ?rearm is also facilitated.
7. The ?rearm as recited in claim l-including a thumb
The projecting ledges 54, 56 and 58 are all cast integral
with this particular part and there is less machining and
assembly work to do in assembling the action of this
piece on said cantilever spring adjacent the free end
thereof for movingthe cantilever spring laterally to dis
?rearm than in ‘a conventional ?rearm.
engage said means from the topmost shell so that the
‘because as the shell ‘is ‘moved forwardly, it gradually
moves off from the tapered ledge of the spring 48.
The spring 48 is shown in modi?ed form in FIG. 7.
In this case, the spring is indicated at 60 and extends 50
elongated spring, said ledge extending slightly into the
The cantilever spring 48-allows easy loading and also 35 magazine can ‘be unloaded.
8. A bolt actuated ?rearm comprising a stock, barrel,
unloadingof un?red shells as well as providing a latch
receiver and ?ring parts, a loading port in the receiver,
for the'loaded shells in the magazine and does not inter
a magazine ?xed with relation to said receiver and posi
fere with the proper feeding of the shells upwardly into
tioned to receive cartridges loaded downwardly through
the path of the bolt.
In seating the cartridge in the chamber, the action is 40 said port into the magazine, a magazine spring against
the action of which the shells are loaded, an elongated
that the front face of the bolt engages the rear portion
spring mounted adjacentone end thereof on the receiver,
of the cartridge and moves it forwardly to a position
said elongated spring extending rearwardly and having
where the spring causes the cartridge to pop slightly up,
wardly past the ledge 46 and the tapered shape of this 45 a length the substantial equivalent tov the length of the
loading port, a laterally extending ?at ledge on said
‘ledge of course makes this ‘action easier and smoother
forw'andly, being secured to the receiver by the fastener
'62 at a point ‘well to the rear of the ejector port. A
?ange or ledge 64 is provided at the forward end of the
spring 60 and serves the purposes as before of holding
the cartridges in the magazine and releasing the same
when the spring is de?ected. .However, the flange or
ledge 64 is notched at~ 66 forming anejector shoulder 68,
area of the receiver and positioned to hold cartridges
therein against the action of the magazine spring, and
means for retracting said ledge to allow said cartridges
to be manually extracted from the magazine.
9. The ?rearm asrecited in claim 8 wherein said elon~
gated spring isr?at and mounted in ?atwise contacting
relationship with respect to said magazine.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
and as the cartridge 70 is extracted, it strikes the shoul
der and is ejected.
Having thus described my invention and the advan
tages thereof, I do not wish to be limited to the details
herein disclosed, otherwise than as set forth in the claims,
but what I claim is: .
11. A bolt actuated ?rearm comprising a barrel, re
.ceiver, stock, a magazine. and -a bolt associated with said 65
receiver, a magazine spring, a magazine follower on the
Marga ______________ _'_ Feb. 27, 1894
Ehbets _____________ __ Apr. 20, 1897
Corbett ______________ __ Jan. 1,
Starnm _______________ __ Jan. 5,
Young _______________ __ Dec. 2,
‘Wise ________________ __ Mar. 3,
Benson ______________ __ Oct. 11,
Harvey _____________ __ Oct. 16, 19511
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