Патент USA US3094901код для вставки
June 25, 1963 A, R, BRlLHART ' 3,094,891 WOODWIND INSTRUMENT MOUTHPIECE Filed Dec. 15, 1960 INVENTOR ARNOLD BRILHART nite 3,094,891 Patented June 25, 1963 1 2 ferent facings may be machined into the single basic 3,094,891 mouthpiece body. WOUDWIND INSTRUMENT MDUTHPIECE Similarly, the dealer may offer a full range of mouth pieces with a limited stock of these basic mouthpiece bodies which differ only in the facings. According to my invention the mouthpiece for a single reed type of musical instrument comprises a hollow, elon gated body member adapted at ‘one end for connection Arnold R. Briihart, Carlsbad, Calif., assiguor to iiriihart Musical Instrument’ Corporation, Carlsbad, Calif, a corporation of New York Filed Dec. 15, 196d, Ser. No. 76,058 2 Claims. (Cl. 84-383) This invention relates to mouthpieces for musical in to the throat of a woodwind instrument and provided at struments [of the single reed type, such as clarinets and l0 the opposite end with a bill having a reed bearing por Saxophones, and more particularly to an improved tion for reed table and an upper insert seat portion, the mouthpiece wherein an essentially standard size and thickness of the mouthpiece between the reed table and shape mouthpiece body for a particular instrument may the insert seat portion being substantially less than the be adapted to suit the embouchure of the individual thickness of the desired ultimate contour of the mouth musician. 15 piece. The insert seat portion extends for a substantial Conventional mouthpieces for any particular single distance from the tip of the bill toward the center of the reed, woodwind instrument, for example a tenor saxo mouthpiece body and the included angle between the reed phone, must be made in a variety of shapes and sizes so table and the insert seat is quite small. Further in ac that the individual musician may have a mouthpiece cordance with my invention, 1 provide a separable insert which is reasonably well adapted to his embouchure, that which is shaped to be received in the insert seat of the is the con?guration of his teeth and lips. The variations mouthpiece body. The upper contour of the insert is include differences in the angle between the upper and shaped so as to provide, in combination with the bill por lower surfaces of the mouthpiece, differences in the tion of the mouthpiece body, the ultimate contour of the transverse curvature of the upper surface of the mouth piece, differences in the contours of the external surfaces mouthpiece throughout the bite portion. Similarly, the of the mouthpiece, and differences in the facing which tour of the lateral surfaces of the mouthpiece throughout that part of the mouthpiece embraced by the musician’s lips and teeth. Means are provided for either perma nently, semi-permanently or separably attaching a se sides of the insert are shaped to provide the ultimate con is the curvature of the lower surface of the mouthpiece adjacent the tip end of the bill. All of these variations are important in determining an individual musician’s tone quality and the ease and comfort with which he can 30 lected insert to the body ‘of the mouthpiece so that the play for prolonged periods. It is apparent that for each insert and the body of the mouthpiece become a unitary one of these variables a limited number-say ?ve or structure so far as the instrumentalist is concerned. ten-—of mouthpieces could be made to incorporate a suf ficiently Wide range of differences in that one variable while all others were held constant in all the mouth Single reed mouthpieces having inserts in the upper contours of their bills are not unknown. "Do the best of my knowledge, however, the purpose of such inserts is quite different from the purpose here. 'For example, mouthpieces have been made of various metals. Because pieces. But the real situation is quite different, for all the variable characteristics must be joined in a host of different combinations of contours and facings to meet the needs of different musicians. Prior to this invention, it has been necessary for the mouthpiece manufacturer to have an extensive array of molds and tools to enable him to manufacture a full line of mouthpieces incorporating a su?‘icient number of com binations of these differences. In order for the musician to bene?t by the manufacturer’s e?iorts the dealer in conventional mouthpieces must continually stock at least one mouthpiece of each con?guration. This generates obvious supply problems and necessarily ties up con siderable amounts of capital. My experience in the business of manufacturing mouth pieces has shown that the most important variables in the con?guration of the mouthpieces are the thickness of the bite, which is basically determined by the angle be these metals are hard it is desirable to place an insert of fiO a softer material in the surface of the mouthpiece where the instrumentalist rests his upper teeth. In accordance with their limited purpose, such inserts are made so thin that the essential contours of the mouthpiece are deter mined by the shape of the body of the mouthpiece rather than by the insert, and it would not be possible to pro duce any substantial variation in the contour of the mouthpiece by varying the contour of the exposed sur face of the insert. The soft insert merely provides a dif ferent surface material. Thus, these known mouthpieces ‘do not afford, nor even suggest, the bene?ts of this invention. , Those skilled in the art will recognize that my inven tion provides a substantial simpli?cation of the problems formerly faced by manufacturers and dealers in woodwind tween the upper and lower surfaces of the bill of the instrument mouthpieces and also provides the means by mouthpiece and the curvature of the upper surface of 55 which an individual musician may be more economically the bill, which is that portion of the mouthpiece which is afforded a much greater choice of mouthpiece contours. inserted in the mouth of the instrumentalist, and the fac These and other features of the invention are brought ing. The necessary variations in the ‘facing of mouth out in greater detail in the following description of a pieces can be accommodated in a limited number of dif particular embodiment. In the description reference is ferent contours; in quality mouthpieces these are usually 60 made to the accompanying drawing in which: machined at the factory. Apart from these differences, FIG. 1 is a top plan View of a mouthpiece body accord mouthpieces for instruments of the same family and key ing to my invention; may be essentially identical in all other respects. FIG. 2 is an elevational view of the mouthpiece body I have invented a new and improved mouthpiece of FIG. 1; and which requires that the manufacturer produce only one 65 FIG. 3 is a ‘cross-sectional view partially broken away basic con?guration of mouthpiece for each different in of the mouthpiece of FIG. 1 including an insert member strument and in which the essential variations in the which defines in part, the ultimate contour of the bill of thickness of bite and the contour of the upper surface the mouthpiece. of the mouthpiece may be varied to suit the needs of the Referring to FIGS. 1—3, a mouthpiece body 10‘ has been individual musician by means of a separate insert por 70 illustrated which is of generally elongate, hollow shape. tion which can be more economically manufactured and In the present instance, the mouthpiece illustrated is a stocked in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. The dif saxophone mouthpiece. It may be formed of metal, hard 3,094,891 4 The mouthpiece body and the insert may be formed rubber, plastic or any other suitable material. It has a forward end 11 which is adapted to be connected to the throat of the instrument. At the opposite end the mouth piece body has a bill ‘12. The lower surface 13 of the plastic material or the mouthpiece body may be metal body is substantially ?at throughout most of its length and the insert may be made of a softer material such as a and is a reed table on which a vibratory reed is mounted. of the same or dissimilar materials. For example, both the body and the insert may "be made from any suitable plastic. This detailed description of the presently preferred em That portion of the lower surface which is adjacent the tip of the bill is curved according to the requirements of bodiment of this invention is only illustrative and is not the individual instrumentalist and is called the facing 15. intended to limit the scope of the invention. The inven The position of the reed on the table is shown in phantom 10 tion is de?ned in the following claims. I claim: outline at ‘14 in FIG. 3. FIGS. 1 and 2 make it at once apparent that the body _ 1. A mouthpiece for a single-reed type of woodwind instrument which comprises an elongated hollow body member adapted at ‘one end for connection to the throat forward end of the mouthpiece body is conventional, the 15 of an instrument and provided at the opposite end with bill end is quite different. The pro?le of the bill is de a bill portion having a tip at the distal end thereof, said ?ned by the plane of the reed table 13 and the plane of the bill portion having opposed longitudinally extending con upper wall 17 and as seen in FIGS. 2 and 3 the included tours extending from positions intermediate the ends of angle between these planes is substantially less than the said body member to the tip thereof, one of said contours corresponding included angle of a conventional mouth being a reed table and the other of said contours being piece body. The upper wall extends a substantial dis an insert sea-t terminating in the inner end thereof in an tance from the tip of the bill toward the middle of the upwardly extending shoulder, said insert seat extending body. The contour then steps abruptly upward at the laterally to the outermost contours of said bill portion transverse wall 16 which extends from the upper wall throughout the length of said insert seat, the thickness of 17 of the bill to the upper wall 18 of the body. In this said bill portion between said reed table and said insert preferred form of the invention the walls 16 and 17 seat being substantially less than the thickness of the de of a mouthpiece according to my invention is radically different from any conventional mouthpiece. While the intersect at an obtuse angle. This integral bill of the body is neither the correct shape nor of su?icient thick ness for a proper embouchure. sired ultimate contour of the bill portion, an insert portion having a ‘length substantially equal to the length of said insert seat and having a seating surface adapted to be According to my invention the mouthpiece body just received in said insert seat and having a contoured sur described is provided with an insert 19 having a lower face opposite said seating surface, the length of said in surface 20 and a forward end surface 21. These surfaces sert being substantially equal to the length of said insert are shaped so as to ?t the insert seat formed 'by the walls seat throughout its length and the thickness of said insert 16 and 17 of the body. The upper contour 22 of the between said seating and contoured surfaces being such insert then becomes the ultimate upper contour of the 35 that, when the insert is in position in the insert seat on bill. The sectional view of the insert in FIG. 3 makes it plain that the substantial thickness of the insert permits the body member, the combined thicknesses and contours of the insert portion and said bill portion form a mouth the ultimate contour of the bill to have any desired shape best suited to the instrumentalist’s embouchure. An alternative to the contour 22 is shown in broken outline at 23 merely by way of illustration. In fact there are piece having a desired contour suited to a particular em bouchm'e. 2. A mouthpiece for a single-reed type of woodwind musical instrument, said mouthpiece comprising a body innumerable contours which the insert may assume, but portion adapted at one end for connection to the throat the essential feature of the invention is that the variety of an instrument and having a substantially flat seat por of cont-ours may be manufactured and made available to tion extending from the opposite end of said body por the instrumentalist with only one basic mouthpiece body 45 tion to a position intermediate the ends thereof and termi for a particular type of instrument. Aside from the nating at said intermediate position in an upwardly ex facing, the signi?cant variations so far as the instrumental tending shoulder, said mouthpiece further comprising a ist is concerned are embodied in a variety of inserts, all separable bite portion received in and engaging said seat of which may ‘be made to ?t the basic mouthpiece body. portion and said shoulder portion, whereby said body ‘Once the instrumentalist has selected the insert best 50 portion may be provided with a bite portion of a desired suited to his embouchure the insert may be permanently alternate shape merely by removing the bite portion in ?xed to the mouthpiece body simply by gluing the insert in the seat. ‘In the alternative the insert and the seat may be provided with suitable means for releasably at taching the insert to the body. For example, the surfaces 55 of the insert seat may have studs projecting from them. The insert may have mating holes to receive the studs so place ‘and substituting therefor a bite portion having the desired con?guration. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS that the insert may be properly aligned and held in posi tion on the insert seat by frictional engagement of the studs in the holes. These are merely suggested means for 60 1,101,420 ' Erdahl ______________ __ June 23, 1914 1,525,105 Sinclair ______________ __ Feb. 3, 1925 mounting the insert on the mouthpiece body. The in v1,803,268 2,988,947 Meyer et al. __________ __ Apr. 28, 1931 Houser _____________ __ June 20, 1961 vention is not limited to ‘any particular means.