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Патент USA US3095000

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June 25, 1963
3,094,990
M. D. NEILSON
GARMENT
Filed Feb. 19, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
M/l/QY 0. Ali/L80”
8:4?“
{- if M
Arrazlvevs.
June 25‘, 1963
M. D. NEILSON
I
GARMENT
Filed Feb. 19, 1960
W’
69
7/
3,094,990
I
70
2 Sheets-Sheet _2
INVENTOR.
MARY D. A/f/ZJO/V
BY
A 770 RIVEYS.
3,094,990
1
United States Patent 0 rice
2
1
FIG. 8 is a side view of a portion of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a plan view of an alternate embodiment of
3,094,990
GARMENT
Patented June 25, 1963
suspension means;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view showing still another
embodiment of the invention; and
'
Mary D. Neils'on, 2035 Crestlake Ave.,
South Pasadena, Calif.
Filed Feb. 19, 1960, Ser. No. 9,748
17 Claims. (Cl. 128-—289)
This invention relates to an article of wearing apparel
primarily intended for the protection of outer clothing
from direct contact with certain portions of the body.
FIG. 11 is an elevation of a portion of FIG. 10.
In FIG. 1, there is shown ‘a sheet 10 which may con
veniently have hems 11, 12 at each of its ends. This sheet
has dimensions of length 13 and width 14. Front end 15
is narrowerer than back end 16 in the preferred embodi
It is an object of this invention to provide an article 10 ment. Four buttonholes, 17, 18, 19, 20 are provided
in the nature of a loin cloth which can be passed through
at four spaced-apart locations on the sheet, preferably,
though not necessarily, at the corners as shown. Because
the crotch and brought up to the front and rear of the
the forces exerted on the sheet will be exerted diagonally
wearer to protect her outer clothing from being stained
at the corners, the buttonholes are preferably placed slant
by perspiration.
Another object of the invention is to provide such an 15 ed relative to the dimensions of length and width.
FIG. 2 illustrates the presently preferred embodiment
article of wearing apparel which can be either self-sus
of suspension means 25. This suspension means comprises
pending, or which can be suspended from another article
two continuous cords 26, 27 which may conveniently be
of apparel, such as by attachment to a girdle or corset.
Still another object of this invention is to provide such
constructed of round elastic ‘cord. These cords are the
an article of wearing apparel which will remain in place 20 same length, and are placed side by side. Two knots 28,
29 are tied in both cords to knot the cords together at
regardless of the wearer’s moving about.
Still another object of the invention is to provide this
spaced-apart locations, thereby providing a waistband 30
type of article which can be put on by the user while
with an opening 31 therein. Projecting from knot 28,
standing up or lying down, thereby making the advan
there are two lengths 32, 33 of elastic cord, and from knot
tages of the invention available to cripples, invalids, and 25 29, there are lengths 34, 35. Lengths 32, 33 are continu
bedridden persons, who cannot bend over to step into a
ous with each other through knot 28, and lengths 34, 35
are continuons with each other through knot 29.
garment.
Lengths 32-35 carry buttons 36-39, respectively, at
This invention is carried ‘out with the use of a ?exible
their free ends. These buttons can be attached at the ends
sheet of material, such as a piece of cloth, having dimen
sions of length and width. The sheet is passed along its 30 of the lengths by passing a free end of the length through
dimension of length through the crotch of the person and
two holes in the respective buttons and tying knots 40,
brought up in front of and behind the wearer. The di
41, 42, 43 to hold the button in place. This convenient
mension of width of the sheet in front of the person is
construction provides a waistband with a central opening
selected such that no substantial part of the sheet contacts
for the body, ‘and four pendent lengths of elastic cord, as
the front regions of the person’s legs.
shown in FIG. 3.
Suspension means are provided for holding the sheet,
The device of FIG. 1 is put on the body by stepping
which means ‘comprise four lengths of elastic material,
through opening 31 to install the waistband around the
- elastic cord being the preferred material, and a fastener
waist. ‘If the person cannot bend over to step into the
on each of said lengths for being attached at four spaced
opening, the suspension means can be pulled down from
»apart locations on the sheet, two on the front and two 4.0 the top by putting the head and shoulders through the
' on the back. These lengths are adapted to be supported,
opening.
two at each side of the person, at a level above the up
The back end 16 of the sheet is next buttoned in place,
the sheet then passed through the crotch, land the front
per ends of the sheet when in place.
According to a preferred but optional feature of the
buttons buttoned to the buttonholes of the front end. The
invention, the lentghs are integral in pairs ISO that the 45 device is then in position as shown.
lengths at each side of the wearer are portions of the same
The dimension of Width of the sheet may be as selected,
with the limitation that there should not be any portion
continuous structure.
According to still another preferred but optional fea
'of it in contact with the front surfaces of the legs of the
ture of the invention, means are provided for suspending
wearer for reasons yet to be discussed. Ordinarily, the
the ‘lengths from the waist of the user, said means pref
dimensions will be about as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4,
erably, but not necessarily, comprising a ring of mate
where there is a comparatively wider spread of the sheet
rial the same as that of the lengths, the lengths being
over the back side of the user than at the front, and
suspended two from each of two points at opposite sides
wherein the sheet will, when worn, be somewhat tapered,
inasmuch as it will tend to gather in the crotch. If desired,
of the ring.
the dimension of width may be tapered down toward the
The Iabove and other features of this invention will be
fully understood from the following detailed description
and the accompanying drawings, in which:
center of the sheet so as to reduce the amount of gathering
when the sheet is placed in the crotch. Also, the front
FIG. 1 is a plan view of a sheet forming part of the
invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the presently preferred form
of the suspension means for the sheet of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the preferred
60
end could be made as wide or wider than the back end,
if for some reason that were preferred.
An ‘alternate embodiment of the sheet is shown in
FIG. 5, wherein a sheet portion 50 having the same con
struction as sheet 10 in FIG. 1 also has leg portions 51, 52
embodiment of the invention on a wearer;
sewed thereto and projecting from medial portions of the
the invention;
cha?ng. While, because of the contact of these leg por
tions with the front of the legs, the user will be deprived
of ‘certain ‘advantages of the embodiment of FIG. 1, still
enough advantages remain to make this a desirable em‘
sides thereof. These leg portions are for the purpose of
FIG. 4 is a side view of FIG. 3;
65 protecting the inner surfaces of the user’s legs from
FIG. 5 is a plan view of an alternate embodiment of
FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing the embodiment
of FIG. 5 on a wearer;
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary view of an alternate embodi 70
bodiment, particularly when combined with the relief
from cha?ng provided by these leg portions. Leg por
from a girdle;
ment of the invention, showing the device suspended
3,094,990
3
4
tions 51, 52 have respective elastic bands 53, 54 which
up over the legs or down over the head. Bedridden or
very obese persons are examples. FIG. 10 shows a waist
carry buttons 55, 56 at one corner of each of the leg
portions. At the other free corners of the leg portions,
there are elastic bands 57, 58 which respectively carry
loops 59, 60. The loops are conveniently formed by
knotting a loop of elastic band at a point spaced from
its free end, and the buttons are conveniently attached by
passing a portion of the loop through two of the holes of
band 100 having a button 101 at one of its free ends, and
a loop 102 at its other end. This waistband is put on
simply by slipping it beneath the person, or if the person
is unable to stand up, by drawing it around and fastening
the button and loop together to form a belt. Then two
cords, such as cords 68 of FIG. 11, are hung over the
waistband at opposite sides. Thus there are buttons hang
the button and tying the elastic back on itself.
The use of the embodiment of FIG. 5 is illustrated in 10 ing from pendant ends of each of four lengths 103, 104,
FIG. 6 wherein the sheet (which does not contact the
105, 106, to which a sheet, such as sheet 10‘ of FIG. 1,
front of the legs) is placed on the person as in FIG. 3,
is to be attached.
and thereafter the elastic bands 53, 57, and 54, 58 are
Waistband 30, loops 67, and waistbands 84 and 100
attached around the outside of the legs by engaging the
are sometimes called “support means.” The buttons and
respective buttons and loops.
other means for fastening the lengths to the sheet are
It will be understood that the buttons and loops shown
sometimes called “fastener means.” It will be noted that
in FIGS. 5 and 6 are merely single examples of fastening
devices whereby bands are caused to draw the leg portions
into engagement ‘with the legs, and that any other type
when laid out ?at, the buttonholes or places where the
fastener means are to be attached lie in a quadrilateral
pattern, the term “quadrilateral” relating to four spaced
of fastener means would do as well, such as, for example, 20 apart locations which, in this case, happen to be a trape
snaps, hooks, eyes, and the like.
zoid. However, the trapezoid illustration is not a limita
FIG. 7 illustrates means whereby sheet 10 of FIG. 1
tion on the generality of the arrangement.
may be used in combination with another means of sup
It is believed that the application of the device will be
port which may be part of a garment, such as a corset
evident from the above description. The article of ap
or girdle 65. The inside of the garment is provided with 25 parel serves to protect the outer clothing from contact
a pair of loops ‘66, 67, one at each side of the waist. A
with portions of the human body, particularly the back
pair .of suspension cords, such as cords 68 (FIG. 11), are
provided. These comprise a piece of round elastic cord
and front portions adjacent to the crotch, and the crotch
portion itself. One of the problems in devising a garment
. with .a pair of buttons 69, 70, at its ends. The buttons are
of this type is that of keeping it in place as the wearer
‘held in place by passing the respective cord end through 30 moves around, bends, sits down, stands up, etc. For
a pair of holes in the button, and then looping the free
example, in previously known garments of this type, when
ends back onto the cord and tying them at knots 71, 72.
the wearer sits down, the garment skids forward, and
When cords 68 and 73 pass through respective loops 66,
leaves bare and unprotected a large area on the rear of
67, they provide four lengths 74, 75, 76, 77 of suspension
the person, perspiration from which may damage the outer
material, each having a button at its free end for attach 35. garment. That is overcome by this device by the unique
ment to and suspension of the four corners of the sheet
suspension means, together with the particular construc
as shown.
tion of the sheet. Solving the problem of sitting down
The article is installed by ?rst putting on the corset
simultaneously solves the problems of other body move
or girdle, and pulling up the cover from the bottom to
ments.
expose the loops. The cords are then passed through their 40
When a person sits down, her length measured between
respective loops and centered. It will not ordinarily be
the waist and a selected location on the back of the leg
found necessary to knot the center of the cords to the
below the buttocks greatly increases. The length meas
loops. Instead, a certain amount of self-adjustment is
ured from the waist to a selected location on the front of
‘provided by allowing the cords to slide freely in the loops.
a person’s leg along the surface does not greatly change.
The problem is to keep a garment from being drawn in
lengths, and the sheet is passed forward through the crotch 45 back by movement of the leg, which would pull down
and buttoned to the front buttons. The corset cover is
the back. A garment which only loosely touched the
then pulled down, and the device is in place for wear.
back of the legs and were not drown forward by the leg
The back corners of the sheet are buttoned to the rear
FIG. 9 illustrates an alternate embodiment of suspen
sion means which may be used in place of that shown in
FIG. 2. FIG. 9 illustrates means to provide adjustment
means to vary the size of the waistband. A pair of cords
80, 81 are laid out alongside each other, anda pair of slide
on its forward movement would not pull down. As a
practical matter, this means that there should be no en
gagement of the garment with the front of the leg, because
this is what would cause the back portion to be pulled
forward. It has been found that so long as there is no
substantial contact of the garment ‘with the front areas
fasteners 82, 83 join them together at spacedapart loca
tions. These slide fasteners grasp the cords on which they
of the legs that the sheet will remain in position with
are mounted, and their locations can ‘be changed as desired. 55 its end at about the same spacing from the waistline even
These slides thereby provide a waistband 84 with an ad
when the wearer sits down, because there is nothing which
justable opening 85 therein, and also provides four pend
tends to pull the device forward. For example, this
ant lengths 86, 87, 88, 89, at the .end of each of which there
means that the rear portion of the sheet may cover as
is a fastener 90, 91, 92, 93. Lengths 86, 87, and 88, 89
are in effect continuous through the fastener.
60
Fasteners 90-93 are a type which can be used instead
of a button in any of the embodiments. Fastener 90 is
shown in full detail, and is typical of them all. It com
prises a flat piece of material 94, perhaps of plastic mate
rial, with a slit 95 or other opening therein.
The end of 65
much of the buttocks as desired, and as much as desired
of the rear of the legs. However, any binding contact
with the legs which will tend to make any portion of the
sheet move with the legs will cause the sheet to shift.
Accordingly, when the chafe-guarding leg portions of
FIG. 6 are utilized, the sheet can be expected to creep
forward when the person sits down. However, the elastic
nature of the lengths will permit a great resiliency so that
when the person stands up again, the sheet will imme
the loop to form a noose 97, by ‘means of which the mate
diately be restored to its previous position.
rial 94 is held to the free end of the length. The ?at piece
The device of FIGS. l—4, however, will not creep for
may then be passed through the buttonhole, and may be 70 ward, and the front and back portions will maintain the
used like a button, with the further advantage of lying
same elevations relative to the waist when the person sits
?at and in line with its length.
as when he stands. This is because there is no contact
FIG. 10 illustrates an embodiment of the invention
with the front of the leg or any portion of the leg which
which is useful ‘for persons who cannot get a waistband 75 moves forward or back, or which changes angle relative
the respective length is formed into a loop 96. The loop
is passed through the slit and the length is passed through
3,094,990
to the torso when the person sits down. This absence of
contact with the front of the leg enables a construction
to be made wherein the device retains its orientation rela
tive to the waist when the user sits down, and thereby
remains useful in protecting the wearer in every position,
sitting or standing.
The device of FIG. 6, while providing less protection
when the wearer sits down than that of FIG. 3, is still
very useful in that it protects large areas (even though
when the wearer sits down some of the areas in the back
are exposed), and has the additional advantage, particu
larly useful to obese persons, of minimizing chafing of
the legs.
6
at a point, there being two of said points, a button on
each of said lengths spaced from the respective point,
and support means for supporting the lengths at the re
spective points; the sheet having four buttonholes at
places in a quadrilateral pattern, whereby when the sheet
is passed through the crotch and brought up in front of
and behind the wearer, the buttons may be attached to
the sheet at two places to the front and to the back of
the wearer in said quadrilateral pattern, one of said points
being disposed at each side of the wearer and above the
buttons when they are attached to the sheet as aforesaid,
whereby, with the lengths supported as aforesaid, and the
said four places of attachment of the buttons to the sheet
being the sole point of restraint on the sheet, the sup
porting forces exerted by the lengths are directed up
The device of FIGS. 7 and 8 has all the advantages of
that of FIGS. 1-4, plus the advantage that it can be held
wardly and outwardly relative to the wearer when in a
up by the wearer’s regular corset or girdle. The only
standing position, the sheet being thereby freely supported
modi?cation ‘of the corset or girdle which is required is
from the two points at the side of the wearer.
the provision of the two simple loops at the sides of
3. An article according to claim 2 in which the two
‘the'waist inside the corset or girdle.
The device of FIG. 10 has all the advantages of that 20 lengths at each side are continuously connected.
4. An article according to claim 3 in which the support
known inFIGS. 1-4, plus the additional one that a bed
means comprises an undergarment having a loop at each
ridden person can put it on while lying in bed.
Thus, the invention provides coverage for people in
any degree of activity from completely sedentary and
bedridden, to athletic activity, in a structure which can 25
side thereof engaged by said lengths for supporting the
said lengths.
5. An article according to claim 3 in which the support
conveniently be utilized by any person. The suspension
cords are light, inexpensive, and easily replaced. In fact,
the whole garment is of utmost simplicity.
means comprises an elastic waistband adapted to pass
around the waist of the wearer and supporting said
sheet of material having dimensions of length and width,
the dimension of length being adapted to pass through
ment means comprise an elastic member ?xed to each leg
portion, and fastener means for holding the elastic mem
the crotch of a wearer ‘and to be brought up in front of
ber around the leg.
lengths.
6. An article according to claim 3 in which a pair of
This invention is not to be limited by the embodiments
shown in the drawings and described in the description 30 leg portions for leg shields are attached to opposite sides
of the sheet at medial locations along its length, each
which are given by way of example and not of limitation,
leg portion being provided with attachment means for
but only in accordance with the scope of the appended
surrounding the respective leg and holding the leg portions
claims.
in
place on the inside of the leg.
I claim:
7. An article according to claim 6 in which the attach
1. An article of wearing apparel comprising: a ?exible
-
8. An article according to claim 6 in which the attach
and behind the wearer, the dimension of width of the
part of the ?exible sheet which is adapted to stand in 40 ment means comprise a pair of elastic members attached
to each leg portion, a button on one elastic member, and
front of the wearer being less than its dimension of length,
a loop on the other, whereby the elastic members can
whereby the sheet when drawn up in front of a person will
be fastened together around the leg.
9. An article of Wearing apparel comprising: a ?exible
elastic material, the two lengths of each pair being joined 45 sheet of material having dimensions of length and width,
the dimension of length being adapted to pass through
at a point, there being two of said points, a fastener on
lie substantially entirely upon the abdomen; suspension
means for the sheet comprising two pairs of lengths of
each of said lengths spaced from the respective point, and
the crotch of a wearer and to be brought up in front of
support means for supporting the lengths at the respec
tive points; the sheet being adapted to receive the fastener
means at places in a quadrilateral pattern, whereby when
the sheet is passed through the crotch and brought up in
and behind the wearer, the dimension of width of the part
of the ?exible sheet which is adapted to stand in front of
the wearer being less than its dimension of length, whereby
front of and behind the wearer, the fasteners may be
fastened to the sheet at two places to the front and to
the back of the wearer in said quadrilateral pattern, one
the sheet when drawn up in front of a person will lie sub
stantially entirely upon the abdomen; suspension means
for the sheet comprising two pairs of lengths of elastic
material, the two lengths of each pair being joined at a
of said points being disposed at each side of the wearer 55 point, there being two of said points, a fastener on each
of said lengths spaced from the respective points, and
and above the fasteners when they are fastened to the
support means for supporting the lengths at the respec
sheet as aforesaid, whereby, with the lengths supported
tive points; the sheet being adapted to receive the fasteners
as aforesaid, and the said four places of attachment of
at places in a quadrilateral pattern, whereby when the
the fasteners to the sheet being the sole points of restraint
sheet is passed through the crotch and brought up in front
on the sheet, the supporting forces exerted by the lengths
are directly upwardly and outwardly relative to the wearer
of and behind the wearer, the ‘fasteners may be attached
when in a standing position, the sheet being thereby
to the sheet at two points to the front and to the back
freely supported from the said two points at the side of
of the wearer in said quadrilateral pattern, one of said
points being disposed at each side of the wearer and above
the wearer.
2. An article of wearing apparel comprising: a ?exible 65 the fasteners when they are fastened to the sheet as afore
sheet of material having dimensions of length and width,
said, whereby, with the lengths supported as aforesaid,
the dimension of length being adapted to pass through
and the said four places ‘of attachment of the fasteners
the crotch of a wearer and to be brought up in front
to the sheet being the sole points of restraint on the sheet,
of and behind the wearer, the dimension of width of the
the supporting ‘forces exerted by the lengths are directed
part of the ?exible sheet which is adapted to stand in 70 upwardly and outwardly relative to the wearer when in
front of the wearer being less than its dimension of length,
a standing position, the sheet being thereby freely sup
whereby the sheet when drawn up in front of a person
will lie substantially entirely upon the abdomen; suspen
sion means for the sheet comprising two pairs of lengths
of elastic material, the lengths of each pair being joined
ported from the said two points at the side of the wearer.
10. An article according to claim 9 in which the sus
.pension means comprise a pair of elastic cords knotted
I
3,094,990
together at a pair of locations spaced ‘from each other
8
sides of the sheet at medial locations along its length, each
leg portion being provided with attachment means for
and from their ends to form the Waistband and lengths.
11. An article ‘according to claim 9 in which the sus
surrounding the respective leg and holding the leg portions
pension means comprise a pair of elastic cords knotted
in place on the inside of the leg.
together at a pair of locations spaced ‘from each other
16. An article according to claim 15 in which the at
and from their ends to form the waistband and lengths,
tachment means comprise an elastic member ?xed to each
the fastener means comprising four buttonholes in the
leg portion, and fastener means for holding the elastic
sheet, and a button at the free end of each of the lengths.
member around the leg.
12. An article according to claim 9 in which the sus
_17. An article according to claim 15 in which the at
pension means comprise a pair of elastic cords fastened 10 tachment means comprise ‘a pair of elastic members at
together by a pair of slidable fasteners at locations spaced
tached to each leg portion, a ‘button on one elastic mem
from each other and ‘from their ends to form the waist
her, and a loop on the other, whereby the elastic mem
band and lengths.
bers can be ‘fastened together around the leg.
'13. An article according to claim 12 in Which the
fastener means comprise four buttonholes in the sheet,
and a button at the free end of each of the lengths.
14. An article according to claim 9 in which the sus
pension means comprise a piece of elastic cord with
1,033,957
Schultz ____ ___________ __ July 30, 1912
‘fastener means to 'form it in a loop for a Waistband, and
a pair of pieces of elastic cord with fastener means at each
1,11,10,005
1,342,588
Petersen _____________ __ ‘Sept. 8, 1914
Higgins ______________ __ June 8, 1920
end, the last-named pieces being adapted to be draped
over the Waistband to form the two pairs of lengths.
‘
15. An article according to claim 9 in which a pair
of leg portions for leg shields ‘are attached to opposite
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
' 2,503,666‘
Rockwell ___________ __ Apr. 11, 1950
2,572,331
2,615,445
3,014,482
Gillessen ____________ __ Oct. 23, 1951
Holmes _____________ __ ‘Oct. 28, 1952
Case ________________ __ Dec. 26, 1961
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