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June 25., 1963 M. c. MAGARIAN 3,095,092 HOLDER FOR TOOLS AND THE LIKE _F'iled Nov. 21, 1960 MAS/CA’ C. MAGARlA/V ‘ INVENTOR HUEBNER 8 WORREL ATTOM/EVJ‘ United States Patent 0 ice l 3,0§5,092 HOLDER FOR TOOLS AND TEE LIKE _ Masick C. Magarian, R0. Box 4%, Fresno, Calif. Filed Nov. 21, 196x‘), Ser. No. 70,621v 6 Claims. (Cl. 211—60) 3,9l95??2 Patented June 25, 1963 2 FIG. 5 is a somewhat enlarged perspective view of a bracket for mounting the latch mechanism in assembled relation. FIG. 6 is a somewhat enlarged fragmentary front ele vation of the tool holder shown supporting a tool, repre sented in dashed lines, inverted from the position of The present invention relates to a holder for tools and the like and more particularly to such a holder adapted FIG. 1. hoes and the like, normally provide elongated handles substantially right angular relation. The shelf further Referring in greater detail to the drawing, the tool dependably releasably to support thereon a plurality of holder embodying the principles of the present invention tools in spaced, readily selectable relation to each other. 10 includes a substantially rectangular support shelf '10 hav Garden and farm hand tools, such as rakes, shovels, ing an integral mounting ?ange 11 extended therefrom in and present problems of storage so as to be conveniently includes a top surface 12 and a bottom surface 13 and available. It is common practice to stack such tools in a has a plurality of equally spaced slots or handle re corner or against a wall with the result that the handles 15 ceptacles 14 therein, which open outwardly of the shelf become crossed and their working heads entangled. This and are thus outwardly disposed from the ?ange 11. presents a problem in selecting the desired tool. Fur The slots terminate in semi-circular inner ends 15. The thermore, such arrangement frequently causes damage to ?ange is adapted to be mounted to a wall 16, as shown in the blades or working heads of the tools. FIG. 1, by a pair of suitable fastening means such as In the past, conventional holders have provided means 20 lag screws 17 extended therethrough'. The ?ange there loosely to receive the handles ‘of such tools in spaced re by positions the shelf in substantially horizontal position lation to each other. The tools are located in such holders in either of two manners. Frequently the work ing heads or blades are supported above the holders with in parallel relation to a ?oor surface indicated at 18. As shown in FIGS. 3 through 5, a plurality of latch members 20 are carried on the shelf 10 adjacent each of the handles downwardly extended therefrom in holder 25 the slots 14. The latches include a substantially U-shaped engagement. Such arrangement has been hazardous. bracket 21 mounted on the bottom surface ‘:13 of the When the tools are inadvertently displaced, the handles shelf between the inner ends 15 of the slots and the strike the floor or ground and the working heads or blades ?ange 11 by a pair of rivets 23. The bracket includes a pivot downwardly in a manner di?icult to avoid. When leg 25 and a pair of opposite legs 26 and 27 which project one such tool falls, it frequently dislodges adjacent tools 30 outwardly from the shelf in substantially parallel rela with aggravation of the hazard and appreciable incon tion to each other and to the ?ange 11. It will be evident venience. Conversely, when such tools are oppositely ar that each bracket can be easily formed by a stamping ranged with their working heads or blades rested on the operation or, if preferred, may be die stamped from a ?oor or ground with the handles upwardly extended ?at piece of sheet metal and the legs subsequently bent through the holders, the heads are frequently stepped on 35 into position by means of a break. The leg 25 includes a or tripped over and the handles caused to swing down central rectangular opening 28 therethrough juxtaposi wardly with great force. In each situation, convenience and safety are insufficiently achieved. tioned to the space 29 de?ned between the legs 126 and 27. The opening 29 widens near the lower portion of the bracket to form a pair of facing notches 30 and 31 in It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a tool holder adapted releasably to retain a plural ity of tools in spaced relation from each other in a de pendable manner. Another object is to provide a holder which depend ably guides the entry ‘of tools therein. the legs 26 and 27. A pair of inwardly disposed tabs 32 and 33 extend inwardly of the opening from the legs 26 and 27, respectively, in opposed relation for reasons soon to be described. A pair of opposed, substantially identical ?ngers 35 and Another object is to provide a tool holder having a 45 36 are releasably mounted on the bracket 21. As best shown in FIG. 4, the ?ngers 35 and 36 are formed from releasable latch which dependably holds the tools in the holder. rigid channel-shaped strips of metal and include inner ends 37 and 38 and outer ends 39 and 40, respectively. Another object is to provide a tool holder which sup The inner ends are notched at 41 in their opposite end ports the weight of such tools independent of the latch ing means. edges to receive the portions of the leg at the upper and lower edges of the opening 28 and for slidable move Another object is to provide a tool holder which is ment along said portions of the leg. Forwardly from the adapted to retain tools thereon in upright or inverted posi tion. notches, an aperture '42 extends through each of the ?ngers to receive the tabs 32 and 33 which serve as ful Another object is to provide a tool holder which is crum points about which the ?ngers are adapted to be economical to manufacture, easily assembled, and con rocked. Each of the ?ngers includes upper and lower veniently used. Other objects and advantages of the present invention outwardly extended side rails 43 and 44, respectively. will become more fully apparent in the subsequent de When the ?ngers are inserted in the bracket, the upper rails overlie the top edge of the legs 26 and .27 and the scription in the speci?cation. In the drawing: 60 lower rails are received in the notches 30 and 31. An in wardly directed boss 46 is provided on each ?nger inter mediate the inner ends 37 and 38 and the apertures 42. When the ?ngers are mounted on the bracket, the bosses tion mounted on a wall and supporting a variety of tools are aligned and a helical compression spring 47 is ?tted illustrated in dashed lines. FIG. 2 is a somewhat enlarged perspective view of 65 thereon under compression between the ?ngers. The ?ngers extend outwardly from the bracket in diverging the holder of FIG. 1. relation adjacent to the sides of the slots 14 to form FIG. 3 is a somewhat enlarged fragmentary bottom therebetween a tool holding station 48. Each of the view of the holder of FIG. 1 showing a latch embodying ?ngers further includes an inwardly directed convex el the principles of the present invention mounted thereon. 70 bow portion 49 outwardly of which the ?ngers diverge to FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the bot form camming surfaces 50 and 51. The elbow portions tom portion of the holder of FIG. 3. are normally held in engagement by the action of the FIG. 1 is a fragmentary front elevation showing a holder embodying the principles of the present inven 3,095,092 4 described in what is conceived to be the most practical spring 47 on the opposite side of the fulcrum points 32 and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that depar and 33. tures may be made therefrom within the scope of the As best shown in FIG. 3, the spring 47 normally urges invention, which is not to be limited to the details dis the inner ends of the ?ngers outwardly from each other in closed herein but is to be accorded the full scope of abutment with the sides of the central opening 28. At the the claims so as to embrace any and all equivalent de same time, the portions of the ?ngers outwardly extended‘ vices and apparatus. from the tabs 32 and 33 are urged inwardly towards each Having described my invention, what I claim as new other. It will be apparent that the elbow portions 49 and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: may be swung outwardly from each other against the force l. A tool holder comprising a support shelf having a of the spring 47 in effect to open the slots 14 in the shelf. 10 mounting portion extended therefrom, said shelf includ The camming surfaces 50 and 51 adjacent to the outer ing an elongated slot opening outwardly of the shelf opening of the notches 12 guide the introduction of tools opposite to said mounting portion adapted to receive a into the slots whereupon the ?ngers are automatically portion of a tool gravitationally supported on the shelf; actuated towards a closed position by the spring to pre vent any inadvertent disengagement of the tool from the 15 a substantially U-shaped bracket mounted on the shelf and providing an upstanding leg, a pair of opposite legs, holder. As is evident, each of the slots is provided with each of said opposite legs having a respective tab pro a latch mechanism of the form described. jecting therefrom toward the other in opposed relation ship, a pair of ?ngers each having an aperture adapted Operation loosely to receive a respective one of said tabs, and there 20 The operaton of the described embodiment of the sub by being pivotally connected to the bracket, disposed ject invention is believed to be clearly apparent and is adjacent to said slot and beneath the shelf, and including brie?y summarized at this point. With the holder mounted inwardly bent portions in close juxtaposition to the slot, in the position of FIG. 51, a plurality of tools 60 having and resilient means engaging said ?ngers to close said . handles ‘61 are rested on the ?oor surface 18 with their bent portions to retain tools therein. upwardly extended handles received in the slots 14. The 25 2. A tool holder comprising .a substantially horizontal handles are guided into the slot by the outer camming shelf having a mounting ?ange integral therewith and surfaces of the latch to wedge the ?ngers outwardly from angularly extended therefrom, said shelf having a slot each other to open the slot and the elbow portions 49 of therethrough opening outwardly from the shelf opposite the ?ngers to admit the handles into the holding station to said ?ange adapted to receive a portion of a tool 48. When the handle is nested in the semi-circular inner 30' gravitationally rested on the shelf; a bracket mounted on end of its respective slot, the spring 47 in the latch causes the shelf adjacent to the included angle formed between the ?ngers to close about the handle and dependably to the shelf and the ?ange; a pair of clamping ?ngers pivotal retain the tool in an upright position until it is manually ly retained on the bracket beneath the slot, extended actuated outwardly of the slot by su?icient force to again towards said slot opening, and having inwardly directed 35 compress the spring. With the ?exibility in the latch bent portions juxtapositioned in closing relation to the being provided by the spring 47 and not by the ?ngers slot, said ?ngers having outer ends adjacent to said slot opening and extended from said bent portions in outward ly diverging relation to provide camming surfaces for guiding such tools inwardly between the bent portions; per se, the ?ngers are always compressed towards each other and are thereby not subject to permanent spreading. As shown in FIG. 6, the tools 60 may also be placed in the holder in inverted position. In this event the working heads of the tools are supported on the shelf 10 with their handles ‘61 extended downwardly through the slots 14 and are there clamped by the ?ngers 35 and 36, ‘as before. With the. shelf 10 positioned at the proper height, the handles are clear of the ?oor and offer no obstruction to sweeping, cleaning, or the like. . Whether the tools 60 are placed in the holder as shown in FIG. 1 or as shown in FIG. 6, they are latched in place simply by thrusting the handles =61 inwardly of the ?ngers 35 and 36 and removed by pulling the han cooperating means on each of the ?ngers and the bracket to prevent longitudinal movement of the ?ngers; and a compression spring ‘disposed between the ?ngers in the bracket releasably to close said ?ngers at their bent por tions so as to retain the tool in the slot and on the shelf. 45 3. A tool holder comprising a substantially horizontal support shelf having a mounting ?ange integral therewith, said shelf including an elongated slot therethrough open ing outwardly of the shelf opposite to said ?ange adapted to receive a portion of a tool gravitationally rested on the shelf; a substantially U-shaped bracket mounted beneath dles outwardly. During each movement of placing or 50 the shelf between the slot and the flange and having'a pair removing the tools, the ?ngers automatically cam them of oppositely spaced legs substantially parallel to said selves open and subsequently close under the urging of ?ange, one of the legs having a central opening there the spring 47. Since the tools are never rested on the through and said opposite leg being bifurcated to provide ?ngers, the ?ngers are never damaged or displaced by 55 spaced inwardly directed tabs; a pair of ?ngers having the weights of the tools. opposite inner and outer ends and forming therebetween In addition to the described utility, the holder possesses a restricted opening adjacent to their outer ends, said great facility for assembly ‘and disassembly. To remove inner ends individually providing notches received in the ?ngers 35 and 36 for repair, replacement, storage or the opening in said one leg and aligned apertures ?tted shipment, they are simply grasped by the hand and com over said tabs about which the ?ngers are fulcrumed; pressed toward each other. This causes the ?ngers to and a compression spring held between said inner ends in pivot inwardly on their elbows 49, compresses the spring the bracket to urge said ?ngers into releasable closing 47, disengages the apertures ‘42 from the tabs 31 and 32, relation at the restricted opening, and said outer ends and permits withdrawal of the inner ends of the ?ngers being outwardly extended from said restricted opening in from the opening 28. diverging relation to each other to provide camming sur The assembling is just as simple and permits signi?cant 65 faces for guiding such tools into the opening whereby the economies of production. The ?ngers are held in their ?ngers are spread against the force of the spring to permit normal facing relation, the spring47 is ?tted over the entry of the tool between the ?ngers and into the slot in bosses 46 and compressed by pressing the ?ngers to the shelf. gether. The inner ends of the ?ngers are then inserted 4. The combination of a bracket having a base provid into the opening 28 until the notches 41 are properly 70 ing substantially parallel opposite edges, a ?rst leg in positioned and the apertures 42 aligned with the tabs tegral with the base extended substantially right angular 31 and 32. So positioned, the ?ngers are released and ly therefrom along one edge, and a pair of second legs the spring dependably holds them in position on the tabs 31 and 32. ‘ Although the invention has been herein shown and integral with the base extended from the opposite edge of the base in substantially parallel relation to the ?rst leg, 3,095,092 5 the second legs being in spaced relation to de?ne an open ing therebetween, said ?rst leg having a substantially rectangular opening therethrough in alignment with the opening de?ned between the second legs, and the second legs having a pair of aligned tabs extended therefrom into the opening de?ned therebetween and disposed in sub stantially parallel relation to the base; .a pair of elongated ?ngers extended between the second legs and having ends of reduced width slidably extended into the opening of 6 rigidly secured to the shelf and providing a ?rst leg a?ord ing an opening therein to provide longitudinally spaced oppositely facing edges, the bracket means further pro viding a pair of members opposing said ?rst leg, each of said pair aifording a facing edge opposed to the other, the facing edges of said bracket means being arranged in cor responding pairs, the edges of each pair being aligned in a respective plane generally transversely related to said ?rst leg, a pair of ?ngers, each ?nger engaging a respective the ?rst leg, said ?ngers having apertures therein indi 10 one of the facing edges of said pair of members, the vidually ?tted over the tabs; and a compression spring edges thereby serving as respective fulcrums for said mounted between the ?ngers in substantially parallel rela ?ngers, the ?ngers each having an end extended into the tion between the ?rst leg and said pair of second legs. opening of said ?rst leg, inter?tting means carried by said 5. A tool holder comprising an elongated channel ?ngers and said pair of members to prevent longitudinal shaped member having a base and a pair of substantially 15 movement of the ?ngers, each of said ?ngers providing a parallel legs integral with the base, the legs having open cooperative tool gripping portion opposite to said extend ings therein providing spaced substantially parallel facing ed end and adjacent to a respective one of said pair of edges normal to the base, a pair of ?ngers extended through the openings of the legs providing arcuate co members, and a resilient compression element positioned between said ?rst leg and said pair of members and hav operative tool gripping portions laterally adjacent to a leg 20 ing opposite ends engaged outwardly against the ?ngers of said member, each ?nger having a substantially straight to urge each of the ?ngers outwardly against its respective portion within the member engaged outwardly against facing edge serving as a fulcrum. corresponding edges of each leg and each ?nger having portions engaging ‘the legs to limit longitudinal movement References Cited in the ?le of this patent of the ?ngers, a compression spring positioned between 25 the ?ngers within the member and holding the ?ngers out wardly against the edges with which they are engaged, and means retaining the spring in said ?nger engaging posi tion whereby the tool gripping portions of the ?ngers can be separated to receive or to release a tool by pivoting the ?ngers about the respective edges of the leg adjacent to said gripping portions and compressing the spring, and whereby engagement of the ?ngers with the respective edges of the opposite leg limits movement of the r'ripping portions of the ?ngers toward each other under the 35 urgency of the spring. UNITED STATES PATENTS 338,248 1,128,593 1,151,084 1,968,462 2,028,694 23, 16, 24, 31, 21, 1886 1915 1915 1934 1936 2,035,639 Davis _______________ __ Mar. 31, 1936 2,483,188 Elger ________________ __ Sept. 27, 1949* 2,708,523 2,819,858 Rozanski _____________ .__ May 17, 1955 Mittendorf ____________ __ Jan. 14, 1958 641,003 Great Britain __________ __ Aug. 2, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS 6. A tool holder comprising a support shelf having a mounting portion angularly related thereto, bracket means Capron ______________ __ Mar. Fort _________________ __ Feb. Childs _______________ __ Aug. Merhell ______________ __ July Spinks _______________ __ Jan.