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Патент USA US3095104

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June 25., 1963
_F'iled Nov. 21, 1960
United States Patent 0 ice
Masick C. Magarian, R0. Box 4%, Fresno, Calif.
Filed Nov. 21, 196x‘), Ser. No. 70,621v
6 Claims. (Cl. 211—60)
Patented June 25, 1963
FIG. 5 is a somewhat enlarged perspective view of a
bracket for mounting the latch mechanism in assembled
FIG. 6 is a somewhat enlarged fragmentary front ele
vation of the tool holder shown supporting a tool, repre
sented in dashed lines, inverted from the position of
The present invention relates to a holder for tools and
the like and more particularly to such a holder adapted
FIG. 1.
hoes and the like, normally provide elongated handles
substantially right angular relation. The shelf further
Referring in greater detail to the drawing, the tool
dependably releasably to support thereon a plurality of
holder embodying the principles of the present invention
tools in spaced, readily selectable relation to each other. 10 includes a substantially rectangular support shelf '10 hav
Garden and farm hand tools, such as rakes, shovels,
ing an integral mounting ?ange 11 extended therefrom in
and present problems of storage so as to be conveniently
includes a top surface 12 and a bottom surface 13 and
available. It is common practice to stack such tools in a
has a plurality of equally spaced slots or handle re
corner or against a wall with the result that the handles 15 ceptacles 14 therein, which open outwardly of the shelf
become crossed and their working heads entangled. This
and are thus outwardly disposed from the ?ange 11.
presents a problem in selecting the desired tool. Fur
The slots terminate in semi-circular inner ends 15. The
thermore, such arrangement frequently causes damage to
?ange is adapted to be mounted to a wall 16, as shown in
the blades or working heads of the tools.
FIG. 1, by a pair of suitable fastening means such as
In the past, conventional holders have provided means 20 lag screws 17 extended therethrough'. The ?ange there
loosely to receive the handles ‘of such tools in spaced re
by positions the shelf in substantially horizontal position
lation to each other. The tools are located in such
holders in either of two manners. Frequently the work
ing heads or blades are supported above the holders with
in parallel relation to a ?oor surface indicated at 18.
As shown in FIGS. 3 through 5, a plurality of latch
members 20 are carried on the shelf 10 adjacent each of
the handles downwardly extended therefrom in holder 25 the slots 14. The latches include a substantially U-shaped
engagement. Such arrangement has been hazardous.
bracket 21 mounted on the bottom surface ‘:13 of the
When the tools are inadvertently displaced, the handles
shelf between the inner ends 15 of the slots and the
strike the floor or ground and the working heads or blades
?ange 11 by a pair of rivets 23. The bracket includes a
pivot downwardly in a manner di?icult to avoid. When
leg 25 and a pair of opposite legs 26 and 27 which project
one such tool falls, it frequently dislodges adjacent tools 30 outwardly from the shelf in substantially parallel rela
with aggravation of the hazard and appreciable incon
tion to each other and to the ?ange 11. It will be evident
venience. Conversely, when such tools are oppositely ar
that each bracket can be easily formed by a stamping
ranged with their working heads or blades rested on the
operation or, if preferred, may be die stamped from a
?oor or ground with the handles upwardly extended
?at piece of sheet metal and the legs subsequently bent
through the holders, the heads are frequently stepped on 35 into position by means of a break. The leg 25 includes a
or tripped over and the handles caused to swing down
central rectangular opening 28 therethrough juxtaposi
wardly with great force. In each situation, convenience
and safety are insufficiently achieved.
tioned to the space 29 de?ned between the legs 126 and 27.
The opening 29 widens near the lower portion of the
bracket to form a pair of facing notches 30 and 31 in
It is therefore an object of the present invention to
provide a tool holder adapted releasably to retain a plural
ity of tools in spaced relation from each other in a de
pendable manner.
Another object is to provide a holder which depend
ably guides the entry ‘of tools therein.
the legs 26 and 27. A pair of inwardly disposed tabs 32
and 33 extend inwardly of the opening from the legs 26
and 27, respectively, in opposed relation for reasons soon
to be described.
A pair of opposed, substantially identical ?ngers 35 and
Another object is to provide a tool holder having a 45 36 are releasably mounted on the bracket 21. As best
shown in FIG. 4, the ?ngers 35 and 36 are formed from
releasable latch which dependably holds the tools in the
rigid channel-shaped strips of metal and include inner
ends 37 and 38 and outer ends 39 and 40, respectively.
Another object is to provide a tool holder which sup
The inner ends are notched at 41 in their opposite end
ports the weight of such tools independent of the latch
ing means.
edges to receive the portions of the leg at the upper and
lower edges of the opening 28 and for slidable move
Another object is to provide a tool holder which is
ment along said portions of the leg. Forwardly from the
adapted to retain tools thereon in upright or inverted posi
notches, an aperture '42 extends through each of the
?ngers to receive the tabs 32 and 33 which serve as ful
Another object is to provide a tool holder which is
crum points about which the ?ngers are adapted to be
economical to manufacture, easily assembled, and con
rocked. Each of the ?ngers includes upper and lower
veniently used.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention
outwardly extended side rails 43 and 44, respectively.
will become more fully apparent in the subsequent de
When the ?ngers are inserted in the bracket, the upper
rails overlie the top edge of the legs 26 and .27 and the
scription in the speci?cation.
In the drawing:
60 lower rails are received in the notches 30 and 31. An in
wardly directed boss 46 is provided on each ?nger inter
mediate the inner ends 37 and 38 and the apertures 42.
When the ?ngers are mounted on the bracket, the bosses
tion mounted on a wall and supporting a variety of tools
are aligned and a helical compression spring 47 is ?tted
illustrated in dashed lines.
FIG. 2 is a somewhat enlarged perspective view of 65 thereon under compression between the ?ngers. The
?ngers extend outwardly from the bracket in diverging
the holder of FIG. 1.
relation adjacent to the sides of the slots 14 to form
FIG. 3 is a somewhat enlarged fragmentary bottom
therebetween a tool holding station 48. Each of the
view of the holder of FIG. 1 showing a latch embodying
?ngers further includes an inwardly directed convex el
the principles of the present invention mounted thereon. 70 bow
portion 49 outwardly of which the ?ngers diverge to
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the bot
form camming surfaces 50 and 51. The elbow portions
tom portion of the holder of FIG. 3.
are normally held in engagement by the action of the
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary front elevation showing a
holder embodying the principles of the present inven
described in what is conceived to be the most practical
spring 47 on the opposite side of the fulcrum points 32
and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that depar
and 33.
tures may be made therefrom within the scope of the
As best shown in FIG. 3, the spring 47 normally urges
invention, which is not to be limited to the details dis
the inner ends of the ?ngers outwardly from each other in
closed herein but is to be accorded the full scope of
abutment with the sides of the central opening 28. At the
the claims so as to embrace any and all equivalent de
same time, the portions of the ?ngers outwardly extended‘
vices and apparatus.
from the tabs 32 and 33 are urged inwardly towards each
Having described my invention, what I claim as new
other. It will be apparent that the elbow portions 49
and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
may be swung outwardly from each other against the force
l. A tool holder comprising a support shelf having a
of the spring 47 in effect to open the slots 14 in the shelf. 10
mounting portion extended therefrom, said shelf includ
The camming surfaces 50 and 51 adjacent to the outer
ing an elongated slot opening outwardly of the shelf
opening of the notches 12 guide the introduction of tools
opposite to said mounting portion adapted to receive a
into the slots whereupon the ?ngers are automatically
portion of a tool gravitationally supported on the shelf;
actuated towards a closed position by the spring to pre
vent any inadvertent disengagement of the tool from the 15 a substantially U-shaped bracket mounted on the shelf
and providing an upstanding leg, a pair of opposite legs,
holder. As is evident, each of the slots is provided with
each of said opposite legs having a respective tab pro
a latch mechanism of the form described.
jecting therefrom toward the other in opposed relation
ship, a pair of ?ngers each having an aperture adapted
loosely to receive a respective one of said tabs, and there
The operaton of the described embodiment of the sub
by being pivotally connected to the bracket, disposed
ject invention is believed to be clearly apparent and is
adjacent to said slot and beneath the shelf, and including
brie?y summarized at this point. With the holder mounted
inwardly bent portions in close juxtaposition to the slot,
in the position of FIG. 51, a plurality of tools 60 having
and resilient means engaging said ?ngers to close said
. handles ‘61 are rested on the ?oor surface 18 with their
portions to retain tools therein.
upwardly extended handles received in the slots 14. The 25
2. A tool holder comprising .a substantially horizontal
handles are guided into the slot by the outer camming
shelf having a mounting ?ange integral therewith and
surfaces of the latch to wedge the ?ngers outwardly from
angularly extended therefrom, said shelf having a slot
each other to open the slot and the elbow portions 49 of
therethrough opening outwardly from the shelf opposite
the ?ngers to admit the handles into the holding station
to said ?ange adapted to receive a portion of a tool
48. When the handle is nested in the semi-circular inner 30' gravitationally rested on the shelf; a bracket mounted on
end of its respective slot, the spring 47 in the latch causes
the shelf adjacent to the included angle formed between
the ?ngers to close about the handle and dependably to
the shelf and the ?ange; a pair of clamping ?ngers pivotal
retain the tool in an upright position until it is manually
ly retained on the bracket beneath the slot, extended
actuated outwardly of the slot by su?icient force to again
towards said slot opening, and having inwardly directed
compress the spring. With the ?exibility in the latch
bent portions juxtapositioned in closing relation to the
being provided by the spring 47 and not by the ?ngers
slot, said ?ngers having outer ends adjacent to said slot
opening and extended from said bent portions in outward
ly diverging relation to provide camming surfaces for
guiding such tools inwardly between the bent portions;
per se, the ?ngers are always compressed towards each
other and are thereby not subject to permanent spreading.
As shown in FIG. 6, the tools 60 may also be placed in
the holder in inverted position. In this event the working
heads of the tools are supported on the shelf 10 with their
handles ‘61 extended downwardly through the slots 14 and
are there clamped by the ?ngers 35 and 36, ‘as before.
With the. shelf 10 positioned at the proper height, the
handles are clear of the ?oor and offer no obstruction to
sweeping, cleaning, or the like.
Whether the tools 60 are placed in the holder as shown
in FIG. 1 or as shown in FIG. 6, they are latched in
place simply by thrusting the handles =61 inwardly of
the ?ngers 35 and 36 and removed by pulling the han
cooperating means on each of the ?ngers and the bracket
to prevent longitudinal movement of the ?ngers; and a
compression spring ‘disposed between the ?ngers in the
bracket releasably to close said ?ngers at their bent por
tions so as to retain the tool in the slot and on the shelf.
3. A tool holder comprising a substantially horizontal
support shelf having a mounting ?ange integral therewith,
said shelf including an elongated slot therethrough open
ing outwardly of the shelf opposite to said ?ange adapted
to receive a portion of a tool gravitationally rested on the
shelf; a substantially U-shaped bracket mounted beneath
dles outwardly. During each movement of placing or 50 the shelf between the slot and the flange and having'a pair
removing the tools, the ?ngers automatically cam them
of oppositely spaced legs substantially parallel to said
selves open and subsequently close under the urging of
?ange, one of the legs having a central opening there
the spring 47. Since the tools are never rested on the
through and said opposite leg being bifurcated to provide
?ngers, the ?ngers are never damaged or displaced by
55 spaced inwardly directed tabs; a pair of ?ngers having
the weights of the tools.
opposite inner and outer ends and forming therebetween
In addition to the described utility, the holder possesses
a restricted opening adjacent to their outer ends, said
great facility for assembly ‘and disassembly. To remove
inner ends individually providing notches received in
the ?ngers 35 and 36 for repair, replacement, storage or
the opening in said one leg and aligned apertures ?tted
shipment, they are simply grasped by the hand and com
over said tabs about which the ?ngers are fulcrumed;
pressed toward each other. This causes the ?ngers to
and a compression spring held between said inner ends in
pivot inwardly on their elbows 49, compresses the spring
the bracket to urge said ?ngers into releasable closing
47, disengages the apertures ‘42 from the tabs 31 and 32,
relation at the restricted opening, and said outer ends
and permits withdrawal of the inner ends of the ?ngers
being outwardly extended from said restricted opening in
from the opening 28.
diverging relation to each other to provide camming sur
The assembling is just as simple and permits signi?cant 65 faces
for guiding such tools into the opening whereby the
economies of production. The ?ngers are held in their
are spread against the force of the spring to permit
normal facing relation, the spring47 is ?tted over the
entry of the tool between the ?ngers and into the slot in
bosses 46 and compressed by pressing the ?ngers to
the shelf.
gether. The inner ends of the ?ngers are then inserted
4. The combination of a bracket having a base provid
into the opening 28 until the notches 41 are properly 70
ing substantially parallel opposite edges, a ?rst leg in
positioned and the apertures 42 aligned with the tabs
tegral with the base extended substantially right angular
31 and 32. So positioned, the ?ngers are released and
ly therefrom along one edge, and a pair of second legs
the spring dependably holds them in position on the tabs
31 and 32.
Although the invention has been herein shown and
integral with the base extended from the opposite edge of
the base in substantially parallel relation to the ?rst leg,
the second legs being in spaced relation to de?ne an open
ing therebetween, said ?rst leg having a substantially
rectangular opening therethrough in alignment with the
opening de?ned between the second legs, and the second
legs having a pair of aligned tabs extended therefrom into
the opening de?ned therebetween and disposed in sub
stantially parallel relation to the base; .a pair of elongated
?ngers extended between the second legs and having ends
of reduced width slidably extended into the opening of
rigidly secured to the shelf and providing a ?rst leg a?ord
ing an opening therein to provide longitudinally spaced
oppositely facing edges, the bracket means further pro
viding a pair of members opposing said ?rst leg, each of
said pair aifording a facing edge opposed to the other, the
facing edges of said bracket means being arranged in cor
responding pairs, the edges of each pair being aligned in
a respective plane generally transversely related to said
?rst leg, a pair of ?ngers, each ?nger engaging a respective
the ?rst leg, said ?ngers having apertures therein indi 10 one of the facing edges of said pair of members, the
vidually ?tted over the tabs; and a compression spring
edges thereby serving as respective fulcrums for said
mounted between the ?ngers in substantially parallel rela
?ngers, the ?ngers each having an end extended into the
tion between the ?rst leg and said pair of second legs.
opening of said ?rst leg, inter?tting means carried by said
5. A tool holder comprising an elongated channel
?ngers and said pair of members to prevent longitudinal
shaped member having a base and a pair of substantially 15 movement of the ?ngers, each of said ?ngers providing a
parallel legs integral with the base, the legs having open
cooperative tool gripping portion opposite to said extend
ings therein providing spaced substantially parallel facing
ed end and adjacent to a respective one of said pair of
edges normal to the base, a pair of ?ngers extended
through the openings of the legs providing arcuate co
members, and a resilient compression element positioned
between said ?rst leg and said pair of members and hav
operative tool gripping portions laterally adjacent to a leg 20 ing opposite ends engaged outwardly against the ?ngers
of said member, each ?nger having a substantially straight
to urge each of the ?ngers outwardly against its respective
portion within the member engaged outwardly against
facing edge serving as a fulcrum.
corresponding edges of each leg and each ?nger having
portions engaging ‘the legs to limit longitudinal movement
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
of the ?ngers, a compression spring positioned between 25
the ?ngers within the member and holding the ?ngers out
wardly against the edges with which they are engaged, and
means retaining the spring in said ?nger engaging posi
tion whereby the tool gripping portions of the ?ngers can
be separated to receive or to release a tool by pivoting
the ?ngers about the respective edges of the leg adjacent
to said gripping portions and compressing the spring, and
whereby engagement of the ?ngers with the respective
edges of the opposite leg limits movement of the r'ripping
portions of the ?ngers toward each other under the 35
urgency of the spring.
Davis _______________ __ Mar. 31, 1936
Elger ________________ __ Sept. 27, 1949*
Rozanski _____________ .__ May 17, 1955
Mittendorf ____________ __ Jan. 14, 1958
Great Britain __________ __ Aug. 2, 1950
6. A tool holder comprising a support shelf having a
mounting portion angularly related thereto, bracket means
Capron ______________ __ Mar.
Fort _________________ __ Feb.
Childs _______________ __ Aug.
Merhell ______________ __ July
Spinks _______________ __ Jan.
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