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Патент USA US3095586

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111112, 1963
c. c. GEROW s-rm.
3,095,579
cowum SHOWER
Filed Oct. 50, 1961
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5 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTORS
3,,
Clarence C. Gerow
Hermon F. Bottcher
Charles F. Molzen a
Harper Londell
W Mme/Ma
ATTORNEYS
July 2, 1963
c. c. GEROW ETAL“
3,095,579
COLUMN SHOWER
Filed Oct. ‘30, 1961
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5 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Clarence C.Gerow
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Charles E Moli'en a
Harper Lundell
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Hermon E Bottcher
July 2, 1963
c. 4:. GEROW ETAL
3,095,579
counvm SHOWER
Filed 001.. 30, 1961
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INVENTORS
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Clarence G. Gerow
Herman E Bottcher
Charles E Molzen8
Harper Londell
$4M
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July 2,_ 1963
c.,c. GEROW ETAL
3,095,579
COLUMN SHOWER
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
Filed 001,. 50, 1961
INVENTORS
'
F's-‘oBY
‘Parenci: C. Gercaw
erman
.
Bottc
er
Charles E Mo‘zen 8*
Harper Lundell
United States Patent 0 "ice
3,095,579
Patented July 2, 1963
2
1
FIG. 9 is a horizontal sectional view of still another
embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 10 is a vertical sectional view taken along the
3,095,579
CDLUMN SHOWER
Clarence C. Gerow, Claymont, DeL, Herman F. Bottcher,
Plain?eld, NJ., and Charles F. Molzen, Philadelphia,
and Harper Landell, Whitemarsh, Pa., assignors to
Speakman Company, Wilmington, Del.
line 10-10 of FIG. 9.
A column shower comprising a tubular support 20, is
shown in FIG. 1, having attached to the top thereof a
manifold block 21 with a lower skirt portion 22, which
closely embraces the tubular support 20. Surrounding
this block and supported thereon is a housing 23.
Filed Oct. 30, 1961, Ser. No. 148,526
4 Claims. (Cl. 4-—145)
This invention relates to a novel multi-person column
Mounted on the exterior surface of the housing are valve
shower. More in particular this invention relates to free 10 control handles 24, 24 and near the upper part of the
standing multi-person showers and to a support and drain
housing are the shower heads 25, 25. The tubular hous
therefor.
ing is supported by a combination drain and support 26.
Hereto-fore certain column showers have been con
The tubular column support 20 has the threaded upper
structed wherein the valves and manifolds have been
portion 27, shown in FIGS. 4 and 8, and the threaded
assembled about a central support. This assemblage of 15 lower portion 28 shown in FIGS. 6 and 10. This tubular
the manifolds and valves with their connected shower
column 20 supports the weight of the entire assemblage,
heads has shown all of the disadvantages of not'being
and provides a central portion 55 through which the
rigidly mounted on a support. The drains and supports
necessary conduits 44 and 45, to carry the hot and cold
for the column shower, either of the free-standing or
water may be installed to provide access to the supply.
the through standing type must carry the weight of the 20
A manifold block 21, shown in FIG. 4 is made of cast
entire assemblage, and must be capable of being aligned
metal and is provided with two horizontally spaced, sub
and maintained in water-tight engagement with certain
stantially parallel circular manifolds 29 and 30. Spaced
?ooring.
at regular intervals across the upper surface of each
It is an object of this invention to provide a column
manifold are a series of bosses 31, 3.1 on the manifold
shower having a tubular central support and having a 25 29, and 32, 32 on the manifold 30». Each of these bosses
block rigidly mounted on that support to carry the hous
31 has attached thereto a conduit 33 and each of the
ing, the valve assemblage and the shower heads.
bosses 32, has attached thereto a conduit 34. A supply
It is another object of this invention to provide a drain
conduit 35 is threadedly connected by means of the boss
and support for a tubular column.
36 to the manifold 29‘. A similar conduit 37 is con
It is a further object of this invention to provide hot
nected by means of the boss 38 to the manifold 30.
and cold water supply mains that are in the same plane.
Cold water is admitted through the supply conduit 35
A still further object of this invention is to provide a
casting which may be rigidly attached to the top of the
to the manifold 29 and hot water is admitted through
the supply conduit 37 to the manifold 30. This manifold
tubular column and act as a rigid support for the valve
and shower assemblage, said casting containing as an
has a groove 39 separating the manifolds 29 and 30 and
has the threaded holes 40, 40 therein to receive and hold
soap dispensing valves (not shown). The manifold block
is also tapped to receive the screws 41, 41 that hold the
integral part thereof longitudinally spaced manifolds.
It is a still further object of the drain and column
support to so construct it that it will permit a two-step
installation of a column unit. The ?rst step is the in
stallation of the bowl portion of the drain which would
be installed in the ?oor before the cement is poured; the
second step is the installation of the column support after
the ?oor and walls are ?nished.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide
a column support that will hold gratings covering the
drain.
Still another ‘object of this invention is to supply a
column support so that the drain may be cleaned with
out removing the column.
The various features of novelty which characterize this
invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims
annexed to and forming part of this speci?cation. For
a better understanding of the invention, however, its ad
vantages and specific objects obtained with its use, refer
ence should be had to the accompanying drawings and
housing 23 in position.
40 to the manifold block 21 by means of the screws 41.
-
Mounted through this housing 23 are the control handles
24, 24 and the shower heads 25, 25. The valves 42, 42,
only one of which is shown, are connected to the hot
water conduit 34 and the cold water conduit 33 and
deliver mixed water to the conduit 43, which is connected
to one of the shower heads 25. It is, of course, realized
that for each shower head there is shown a separate mix
ing valve, but this is not necessarily always the case as
50
one valve can be used to supply water to more than one
shower head.
A modi?cation of the manifold shown in FIG. 4 is
shown in FIG. 8, wherein the supply conduit 44 carrying
cold water and a conduit 45 carrying hot water, are con
55
. descriptive matter in which has been illustrated and de
scribed a preferred embodiment of the invention.
nected to each of the manifolds 46 and 47. These mani
folds have the bosses 48, 48 and 49, 49‘ thereon. , This
block has the manifold in exact parallel relationship and
has the threaded holes 50 between the manifolds. These
holes are used to receive and hold soap dispensing valves
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of the invention.
FIG. 2 is a top plan view.
FIG. 3 is a horizontal sectional view taken along
line 3-3 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken along
line 4-—4 of FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is a horizontal sectional view taken along
line 5-—5 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 6 is a vertical sectional view taken along
_
The housing 23 is made of sheet metal and is attached
(not shown). This block has a skirt portion 51 overlying
the
the
the 65
the vertical support 20 and has a threaded portion 52
which is threadedly engaged with the threads 27‘ on the
upper portion of the tubular support 20. This skirt por
tion has set screws 53, 53 therein to lock the manifold
block and provide a bearing surface for this block against
the tubular support 20. This block is supplied with the
the
threaded screw holes 54, 54 to support the housing 23.
The manifold block, shown in FIG. 8, is mounted on
FIG. 7 is a horizontal sectional view of another em
the tubular support 20 by means of the threaded portion
line 6-6 of FIG. 5.
'
27 on top of the tubular support with the matching threads
bodiment of the invention.
70 52 on the upper portion of the skirt of the manifold block.
FIG. 8 is a vertical sectional view taken along the
The manifold block 21 shown in FIG. 4 has the lower
line 8—8 of FIG. 7.
3
3,095,579
skirt 22 which is retained in a sliding ?t over the tubular
support 20 and provides a rigid mounting for this mani
fold block on the support. The hot water conduit 37
and the cold water conduit 35 shown in FIG. 4 is then
connected to the respective manifolds 29 and 36'. Each
of these manifolds has a plurality of conduits leading
therefrom, one from each manifold, connected to a mix
ing valve 42 which delivers mixed water to the conduit
43, which in turn delivers water to the shower heads 25
directly above the mixing valve, shown in FIG. 1. The
entire Weight of the conduit, the valve and the shower
heads are all supported on the cast rigid block 21, which
in turn is supported by the tubular member 20. The hous
ing 23 is then mounted on the manifold block 21 by means
of the threaded screws 41. The handles 24 are then '
placed on the valve stems of the valve 42. All of this
equipment is mounted on and supported by the manifold
block 21 which is mounted on and is supported by the
tubular support 20. The tubular support 20‘ is mounted
on and supported by a combination drain and support '
60 by means of the threads 28 on the lower end of the
tubular support with the matching threads 61 on the in
terior portion of the support mounted over the drain.
Hot and cold water conduits 35 and 37 are mounted as
shown in FIGS. 5 and 6. The drain support may be of
either one or two types, the vertical discharge type, shown
A
drainage holes 83, 83 to allow the water that collects
on the lip 82 to be fed back into the circular drain 73.
In mounting this device the combination support and drain
is connected to a sewage system by means of the opening
80. The tubular support 20 has been mounted in the
factory before installation in the tubular central portion
76 where the matched threads 28 and 77 are engaged to
hold the tubular support in a rigid upright position. The
set screw 84 is then used to lock in position the tubular
support member 20. The ?oor is then installed to the
level shown. Any seepage that occurs between the outer
Wall of the drain and the flooring will be caught on the
lip 82 and be fed back into the drain portion for disposal.
The supply pipes 37 and 35 are connected after the instal
lation of the column shower, shown in FIG. 1.
A grating 85 is shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 which ?ts over
the multiple legs 63 and is detachably attached thereto by
the threaded bolts 86, 86. This grating prevents the
admission of large objects to the drain and at the same
time allows ready access to the drain area for cleaning.
A similar grating (not shown) may be installed in the
drain, shown in FIG. 10.
A through standing shower is one where the support
is attached to both the ceiling and the floor. The present
‘ application refers to a free standing shower where there
is no support attached to the ceiling and all of the weight
has to be carried by the lower support.
While in accordance with the provisions of the statutes
The vertical discharge drain support ?xtures, shown in
the best forms of embodiment of this invention have been
FIGS. 5 and 6 have the upper tubular portion 62 having 30 illustrated and described, it will be apparent to those
the screw threads 61 on the interior surface thereof to
skilled in the art that changes may be made in the form
receive the threads on the bottom portion of the tubular
of the apparatus disclosed without departing from the
support member 20. This upper tubular portion 62 is
spirit of this invention as set forth in the appended claims
supported by multiple legs 63, 63 of which there may be
either three or four. The space between these legs is ' and that in some cases features of this invention may be
used without the corresponding use of other features.
open to admit the water to the drain. This drain com
What is claimed is:
prises a lower portion 64 having a machined upper sur
l. A vertically disposed free standing multi-person
face 65 to receive and hold the legs 63, 63 and is retained
shower bath accessible from all directions thereabout,
by screws 66 which rigidly support the upper portion of
comprising:
the drain assemblage and the tubular member 20. The
(a) a vertical hollow standard,
lower portion of this drain has the downwardly extending
(b) means cooperating with the bottom of the stand
tubular member 67, which is connected by usual means
ard to support the latter,
to a drain pipe. A ?ange 68 extends outwardly from the
(0) a housing carried by said standard in a zone spaced
drain assemblage 64 to catch seepage between the ?oor
above the standard supporting means, said housing
and the drain 64. This seepage is admitted to the drain
having a series of shower heads ‘located near the top
45
area by means of the holes 69, 69 thereby compensating
thereof,
for any seepage of water between the ?ooring and the
(d) a manifold block having two horizontally spaced,
in FIGS. 5 and 6, and the lateral discharge type shown
in FIGS. 9 and 10.
lower drain body 64. The hot and cold water supply
35 and 37 are connected through two supply inlets through
bosses 70, 70 appropriately spaced in the interior sur
50
face of the lower portion of the drain 64.
In mounting the drain and support ?xturts, the lower
portion 64 is connected to the sewage system by means
of the lower tubular portion 67. It is then leveled by
leveling screws (not shown) which are received by the
threaded holes 71. The ?oor is then poured, if cement 55
?ooring is used, to the level 72, shown in FIG. 6. After
substantially parallel circular manifolds therein, said
block being supported by the top of said standard,
said housing being attached to and supported by said
block, one manifold being connected to a source of
supply of hot water and a second manifold being
connected to a source of supply of cold water, each
manifold having a plurality of take-off conduits, one
conduit from each manifold being connected to a
mixing valve, said mixing valve being controlled
through said housing, and a conduit from each mix
the ?oor has been set and the walls ?nished and the in
ing valve carrying mixed hot and cold water to a
terior Work completed the upper portion 60 is then
shower head.
mounted on the lower portion 64 by means of the screws
2.
A vertically disposed free standing multi-person
66. This is levelled by means of the three levelling screws 6 O shower bath accessible from all directions thereabout,
comprising:
66’. The tubular support 20 which has already been as
sembled with the member 60 by means of the threads 28
(a) a vertical hollow standard,
on the lower portion of the tubular member 20 engaging
(12) means cooperating with the bottom of the stand
the threads 61 on the upper portion of the drain mem
ard to support the latter,
65
ber 60.
(0) a housing carried by said standard in a zone spaced
The lateral discharge drain 75, shown in FIGS. 9 and
above the standard supporting means, said housing
10 is made in one single piece. It has a central tubular
portion 76 having threads 77 on the interior lower portion
thereof. The lateral drain has a circular trough 78 de
?ned by the wall portion 79 which leads to a lateral dis 70
having a series of shower heads located near the top
charge opening 80.
A foot or leveling support 81 is
mounted on the bottom portion of the wall 79 on the
side opposite to the lateral discharge. The lip portion 82
extends outwardly from the wall portion 79 and has the 75
thereof,
(d) a manifold block having two horizontally spaced,
substantially parallel circular manifolds therein, said
block being threadedly attached to the top of said
standard, and said ‘block having a bottom skirt por
tion overlying the top portion of said standard, said
housing being attached to and supported by said
block, one manifold being connected to a source of
3,095,579
5
supply of hot water and a second manifold being
connected to a source of supply of cold water, each
manifold having a plurality of take-off conduits, one
conduit from each manifold being connected to a
mixing valve, said mixing valve being cont-rolled
‘through said housing, and a conduit from each mix
ing valve carrying mixed hot and cold water to one
of said shower heads.
3. A combination ?oor drain and a support mountable
in an opening in a shower room ?oor for free-standing 10
and through-standing stanchions for multi-person showers
comprising:
(a) a circular drain body provided with
(b) an external lip portion having open drainage seep
age holes conneoting the upper surface of said lip 15
portion to the interior concave portion of said drain
body,
\(c) a laterally disposed outwardly directed fluid outlet
port formed in said body having an axis substantially
20
perpendicular to said body axis,
(d ) an upstanding tubular central boss portion having
internal threads therein and being open to allow the
Water supply conduits to pass therethrough, and
(e) a hollow tubular stanchion support having its
lower end portion threadedly held in vupstanding 25
6
(a) a circular drain body having a centrally disposed
downwardly directed ?uid outlet port formed in
said body,
-
(1)) two bosses formed on the interior surface of said
body, threadedly connected to the sources of water
on their lower surface and threadedly connected to
the water supply conduits on their upper surface,
(0) an external lip portion surrounding said circular
drain body, having open drainage seepage holes con
nected to the upper surface of said lip portion con
necting the upper surface of said lip portion to the
interior surface of said drain body,
(d) an upper tubular portion having threads on the
exterior surfaces thereof and having legs depending
downwardly therefrom, said legs being received by
and fastened to the upper surface of said drain body,
and
(e) a tubular stanchion support having screw threads
on the lower end thereof to be received by and rigid
ly held in relation to said upstanding tubular por
tion.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
boss portion and having its axis substantially at
right angles to the axis of said fluid outlet port.
4. A combination ?oor drain and support mountable
2,293,544
2,825,909
2,885,689
Heine et a1 ___________ _.. Aug, 18, 1942.
Morris ______________ __ Mar. 11, 1958
Morris ______________ __ May 12, 1959
in an opening in a shower room ?oor for free-standing
2,991,943
Mullett et al ___________ __ July 11, ‘1961
and through-standing stanchions for multi-person showers 30
comprising:
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