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Патент USA US3095630

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July 2, 1963
Filed July 6, 1959
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Unite States are
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Patented July 2, 1963
- 2
the framing 9 of a storm sash assembly 10, the latter
being of a suitable metal, for instance, extruded alu
minum, and equipped with vertical slida-ble sashes S con
stituting a weather-guard. In the present disclosure, the
' I
John Bruno, 495 E. 22nd St., Paterson, NJ.
Filed July 6, 1959, Ser. No. 825,129
6 Claims. (Cl. 20-55)
‘assembly is of the so-called triple track type with the
screen unit being removed in the interest of clarity, it
My invention relates to storm sash assemblies for in
being understood that the double track type may be em
ployed if the screen unit or sash is to be seasonably re
moved. As viewed in FEGURE l of the drawing, the
stallation within window or door casings or the like of
buildings and more particularly to means for securing the 10 framing 9 has its interior or lee side disposed inwardly
storm sashes anchored to their adjacent frames against
of the building while its exterior or weather side is dis
‘Heretofore, considerable dif?culty'has been experienced
in maintaining storm sashes, especially relatively long
posed outwardly of the building. The weather-guard or
sashes S are each provided with laterally projecting pins
11 ‘at their upper and lower ends with a pair of the pins
windows and doors, properly sea-led and weather insulated 15 being retractable against spring tension. Each sash is
within the so-called double or triple track type of storm
also provided with a glass pane 12 secured within a frame
‘sash tirames for the reason that, while each storm sash is
13 which includes channel-like side members 14 having
supported against outward movement throughout its
slots 15.
length by a ?ange of the frame engaging its outer face,
Each of the side members 14 are de?ned by inner and
.the inner iiace of the sash is not similarly supported be
outer walls 16 and 17, respectively, structurally integrally
cause it is maintained Within its frame only by means of
connected ‘together, at coincident ends, by a side wall 18,
pins which project from the ends‘ of the sides of the sash
p the opposite end of the outer wall 17 being provided with _
into side channels of the frame, thus enabling wind pres
a kerf 19 on its inner face, in which an adjacent portion
sure to belly or bulge the sash between its ends, where
of the pane 12 is disposed and secured in sealed relation
there are no pins, and create a loose ?t between the sash
therewith. The opposite end of the inner wall 16 is
and frame for the admittance of draft and weather and
formed with an inwardly disposed and lengthwise extend
which bellying otten results in breakage of the sash, it
ing projection ‘20 disposed within a groove. formed in a
being understood that the pins are arranged at the ends
glazing spline 21 having ?ngers 22 disposed in compressed
of the sash in order that a pair of the pins may be retracted
relation with the pane 12 for securing ‘the pane ?xed with
.to permit pivoting of the sash into the building and tilting
thereof to dispose the other pins out of the channels.
My invention overcomes the foregoing di?iculties, dis
advantages, ‘and undesirable features inherent in the prior
in the kerf. The inner wall 16, adjacent the wall 18, is
termed with an inwardly offset portion 23 and constitutes
art, especially in relatively long windows and doors, it
ber 14 is formed on its outer face with a dovetail groove
24- in which is mounted a ‘sealing gasket 25 of suitable I
being one of the objects thereof to provide a sash equipped
with anti-:bellying 'means operable for anchoring the sash
‘to the Window lira-me ‘against bellying and thereby maintain
a ‘weather seal and tight ?t.
a seat for 1a purpose hereinafter described.
Opposite the portion 23 the outer Wall 17 of each mem
.m-aterial, for instance, wool pile, and on its inner face
with “a rib 26, the gasket and rib extending throughout
the length of each wall 17.
Another object of my invention is to provide ‘anti
- “The t?ramingg of the assembly 10 is ‘fashioned with a
_ bellyi-ng means of the foregoing described character which 40 ternary of side rails 27 adjacent each side of thecasing land
may be ‘applied to sashes already in use without sub
stantial modi?cationthereof.
withthe rails being arranged in a stepped relation Where
in the width between the innermost rails is progressively
greater with respect to the outermostand intermediate
An important object of my invention isjito provide anti
bellying means of the foregoing described character which
rails to permit removal of the sash and screen unit in
is simple in construction, durable in use, e?icient‘vin op 45 Wardly within the building as is the usual practice.
eration, and economical in manufacture.
Each rail 27 is formed with a channel 28 de?ned by
With the above and other objects in view,_as willhere
front and rear‘ walls 29 and 36}, respectively, connected
inafter appear, the invention consists in the combination
together by an end ‘wall 31, ‘the wall 29 being provided
and arrangement of parts hereinafter set forth and illus
on its inner face, remote from the wall 31, with a length
trated in the accompanying drawings from which the 50 wise extending rib 32. As illustrated in FIGURES 2 and
3 of the ‘drawing, the rear wall 3% is provided with an
several features of the invention and rthe advantages at
extension '33 constituting a component of the respective
tained thereby will be readily understood by those skilled
in the art.
side rail and serving as ‘a stop for receiving thereagainst
the ‘gasket 25 to effect a seal between the sash and fram~
Referring to ‘the drawingswherein like reference char
acters designate like parts throughout the several views:
ing. When the sashes ‘are disposed within the iraming,
the pins 11' extend into the channels 15 and engage the
‘FIGURE 1 is a front View of my invention as applied
to a storm sash assembly secured to ‘a window casing of a
.building and looking outwardly from Within the building;
FIGURE 2 is a detail fragmentary sectional view on
an enlarged scale and taken on the line ‘2-2 of FIGURE
walls 29 to maintain the sashes assembled within the fram
ing against displacement into the building and in a man
ner permitting sliding movement of the sashes within the
con?nes of the rails. Each of thesashes is removed from
1, the ia-nti-bellying means being disposed in anchored rela
within the building by operating the aforementioned .re
tractable pins to their retracted positions, ‘pivoting one
FIGURE 3 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 but with
end of the sash outwardly into the building and tilting
the anti-bellying means being disposed in released posi
the sash sufficiently to dispose the pins, at the other
tion with the frame to permit removal of the sash vfrom 65 .end of the sash, out of the channels and the sash out from
the frame;
between ‘the rails. A reverse operation effects assembly
FIGURE 4 is a perspective‘view of the anchor; and
of the sashes within the framing. Inasmuch as the fore
FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary end elevation of one of
going described assembly is of an ordinary construction
tion with the frame;
the sides of the sash.
and does not constitute the invention per se, a more de
In teaching my invention, as illustrated in the drawing, 70 tailed disclosure of the ‘assembly is not deemed necessary.
,I employ a window casing 7 of ‘a building .8 or the like
‘ When the sashes are assembled between their respec
and mount Within said casing, in ?xed relation therewith,
tive side rails, it will be noticed that a relatively large dis
tance exists between the top and bottom pairs of pins of
each sash and while each wall St) or its extension 33 func
tions to preclude outward displacement of the sashes from
pressure within the building, the only means for preclud
ing displacement of the sashes inwardly into the building,
by pressure from without the building, are the pins. In
many installations, due to relatively strong winds and the
like, the sashes tend to belly or bulge inwardly between
their upper and lower ends with the result that the gaskets
25 are rendered inoperative in zones between the ends of _
It is, therefore, to be understood that the invention is not
limited to the speci?c construction as illustrated and de
scribed, as the same is only illustrative of the principles
involved which are capable of extended application in
various forms, and the invention comprehends ‘all con
struction within the scope of the appended claims
iWhat I claim is:
1. In combination, a storm sash framing for incorpora~
tion within a casing de?ning an opening in a building;
a storm sash having side members, a top member and a
especially prevalent in instances of relatively long door
bottom member, and being removably secured within said
framing; said framing having exterior and interior side
rails, said exterior rails providing surfaces to support the
side members of said sash, ?rst members connected with
and window sashes.
the sash ‘at opposite sides thereof adjacent the top mem
In order to preclude the aforementioned bellying of the
sashes, I provide each of said sashes with at least a pair
ber and detachably connecting said sash with the ham
ing, second members extending from the sash at opposite
sides thereof adjacent the bottom member and detachably
‘connecting said sash with the framing, and an elongated
the sashes thus permitting a draft into the building from
without. In some instances, the degree of bellying is
such that the panes are often broken. This condition is
of anchoring devices 39 mounted on the sash. Each de
vice comprises a one-piece elongated body or bar as
formed at one end with a right-angularly disposed ?nger 20 bar movably mounted on each of the side members be
piece 41 and at the opposite end with an oifset land paral
tween said ?rst and second members for movement into
lel extending arm 42 as clearly illustrated in the drawing.
engagement with said interior rails to maintain said side
Each device has its body 4% disposed in adpressed rela
members ?rmly against the surfaces of the exterior rails.
tion with the pane l2 and extending between the pane
2. In combination, a storm sash framing for incorpora
tion within a casing de?ning an opening in a building;
and the spline 21, the latter being suitably ?tted about the
device to permit sliding of the device. In installing each
a storm sash having side members, a top member and a
bottom member, removably secured Within said framing;
of the devices 39 I form the Wall 18, adjacent the device,
with an elongated slot 43 through which the ‘arm 42 op
erates. The slot 43 is formed by a suitable tool, for in
said ‘framing having exterior and interior side rails, said
exterior rails providing surfaces to support the members
stance, a cope chisel, and in a manner wherein a cutout 30 of said sash, pivot means extending from the upper ends
section is turned inwardly to provide a lip or seat 44 for
accommodating the arm 42 and serving to limit the inward
movement of the device by engagement with the offset
portion 45 of the arm as illustrated in FiGURE 2 of the
In use, the sashes being equipped with the devices 39
and disposed within the con?nes of their respective side
rails, each device is moved by the ?nger piece 41 towards
the adjacent Wall 31 and into the channel 28 and thus
of the side members of said sash into the framing be
tween the rails to maintain said sash within the ‘framing,
movable projections extending from the lower ends of the
side members spaced from said pivot means, said projec
tions being movable from extended positions in the fram
ing, to maintain the sash in the framing, to retracted posi
tions to permit removal of the sash from the framing,
‘and an elongated bar movably disposed in each of said side
members between said pivot means and said projections
rides over the rib 32. When the devices are thus disposed 40 for movement into engagement with said interior rails
in their extended positions, they serve to anchor the sashes
to the framing and preclude bellying of the sashes be
tween their ends by pressure from without the building.
The devices may be moved to retracted positions to dis
pose the ?ngers 42 out of the channels 28 and thus per
mit the sashes to be removed from the framing in the
ordinary manner.
From the foregoing, it Will be apparent that my inven
tion provides a simple, economical, and e?icient means
for preventing bellying or bulging of window sashes es
to'imaintain said side members ?rmly against said exterior
rai s.
3. In combination, a storm sash framing for incor
poration within a casing de?ning an opening in a building
a storm sash, having side members, a top member and
a bottom member, removably secured within said fram
mg; said framing having exterior and interior rails, said
exterior rails providing a surface to support the side mem
bers of said sash, pins extending from the side members
at opposite ends thereof of said sash into said framing
pecially those of relatively long lengths and is equally
between the rails to maintain said sash within the
useful for overcoming the same dii?culties when applied
framing, a pair of said pins being retractable to permit
removal of said sash, an elongated vertical slot in each
to the panels of doors or the like. It is to be noted that
the spline 21 is constructed of a suitable resilient mate~
side member substantially midway thereof, a ?exible
trial and, therefore, serves to maintain the body 40 in
an adjusted position against the pane to prevent movement
by vibration or the like, the spline also serving to engage
the portion 45 to limit the retracting movement of the
body 40. It will also be noted, ‘as clearly disclosed in
FIGURES 2 and 3, that while each of the ?ngerpieces 41
extends outwardly from the pane 12 of a respective sash,
it is relatively short and terminates within the con?nes
of the adjacent spline 21 to preclude engagement with the
the side members and said surface.
4. In combination, a storm sash framing for incor
poration within a casing de?ning an opening in a building
meeting rail of the other sash during raising and lowering
and having lee and weather sides, said framing having
of the sashes relative to each other.
Without further elaboration, the foregoing will so fully
explain the invention that others may, by applying cur
rent knowledge, readily adapt the same for use under
various ‘conditions of service. Moreover, it is not indis
pensable that all the features of the invention be used 70
side rails formed with channels and lateral extensions
on said weather side, a storm sash unit having side walls
conjointly since they may be employed advantageously
in various combinations and subcombinations.
It is obvious that the invention is not con?ned solely
to the use herein disclosed in connection therewith as
it may be utilized ‘for any purpose to which it is adaptable.
spline cooperating with the members of the sash to secure
a pane of glass therein, a ?at bar slidably disposed in
each of said side members and extending between the
glass and the spline, and ?ngeipieces on said bars for
sliding the bars through said slots into engagement with
said interior rails to eifect a sealing relation between
disposed within said framing adjacent said rails and in
confrontment with said extensions, said unit adapted to
be exposed to the weather and being readily removable
from said framing solely from said lee side, said unit
including a pane extending into said walls and having a
leeward side and a resilient spline securing said pane to
said walls on said leeward side, said unit having upper
and lower ends equipped with retaining devices extend
1ng into said channels and coacting with said extensions
for maintaining said unit
said framing, said devices
being displaceable out of said channels to permit said
ready removal of said unit, each of said side walls being
formed with a slot substantially midway between said
ends and a stop adjacent said slot, and anchoring mem
bers disposed in adpressed relation with said pane and
between the latter and said spline, said anchoring mem
verse ?exing of the unit in one direction between its
ends and in interposed relation with the pane and spline
of the unit for projection through the outer end face of
the side wall into the'?raming for anchoring the unit to
the framing to preclude transverse ?exing of the unit in
the opposite direction by weather pressure; comprising
an elongated body provided with end sections and formed
bers extending into said side walls and slidable there
between said sections with a relatively long portion and
from into said channels through said slots, respectively,
having oppositely disposed substantially flat pane engag
to e?ect anchoring relation of said side walls with said 10 ing inner and spline engaging outer faces adapted for
rails to preclude bellying of said unit between said ends,
sliding engagement with and between the pane and spline,
by weather-pressure from outside of the building, said
respectively, one of said end sections adapted to be en
members being provided with ?ngerpieces disposed out
cased in the side wall and being laterally offset outwardly
of said walls, respectively, and operable for effecting
with respect to said portion, said one of said end sections
sliding movement of said members, between said pane 15 constituting an anchoring section for projection through
the outer end ?ace into the framing for anchoring'en
and spline into and out of said channels, said spline co
acting with said pane to maintain said members in said
gagenrent therewith to preclude ?exing of said sash unit
adpressed relation, said members having o?set portions
in said opposite direction when so projected, the other
disposed within said walls, respectively, for engaging said
end section extending at an angle relative to said portion
stops to limit the movement of said members towards
and outwardly from said outer face, said other end sec
said side rails and said spline for limiting the movements
tion constituting a ?ngerpiece for effecting said projec
of said members when operated out of said channels
tion and adapted to terminate within a Zone de?ned
laterally by the spline.
to prevent withdrawal of said members from between
said pane and spline.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
5. In a storm sash assembly of the class wherein a
sash unit having side walls and inherently susceptible to
lateral ?exing in either direction between the ends of
the walls is disposed within a frame unit effective to
Robinson ____________ _.. Ian. 19, 1886
preclude the lateral ?exing in one direction, the combi
Reguin et al. __________ __ Apr. 8, 1890
nation with a slidable bar member extending into each 3O 2,585,471
Kammerer __________ __ Feb. 12, 1952
of the walls between its ends and having an anchoring
Spector et al. ________ __ Apr. 29, 1952
offset end section encased within the respective wall and
Starr ______________ __ Aug. 26, 1952
projectable therefrom into the frame unit for anchoring
engagement therewith to preclude lateral ?exing of the
sash unit in the opposite direction when each of the
members is so projected.
6. A sash anchoring member capable of being slid
ably encased within the side wall of a storm sash unit
mounted within a framing effective for precluding trans
Schwartz ____________ __ Sept. 15, 1953
Flicker ______________ __ Jan. 17, 1956
Schultz ____________ __ Sept. 16, 1958
Kiehl ________________ .._ Dec. 8, 1959
Germany ____________ __ Nov. 13, 1914
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