Патент USA US3095836код для вставки
July 2, 1963 E. c. SWANSON 3,095,826 RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR Filed Nov. 15, 1957 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 2% \ I L_ L_: _ F. 24 July 2, 1963 E. c. SWANSON 3,095,826 RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR ’mm A\WN: Q3‘ Ji Edwin/C BYj July 2, 1963 E. c. SWANSON 3,095,826 RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR Filed Nov. 15, 1957 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 wmmR. fella/5m C Swan-50m July 2, 1963 E. c. swANsoN 3,095,826 RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR Filed Nov. 15, 1957 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 117 INVENTOR. I lTQZ/ZmCSwmwM 92 -__+ I I BY 6/14»? ‘74”’ "me 3,095,826 RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR Edwin C. Swanson, Rockford, Ill., assignor, by mesne as 3,@-§5,826 Patented July 2, 1963 many dilferent ‘forms, and it should be understood that the present disclosure is to be considered as an exempli ?cation of the principles of the invention‘ and is not in tended to limit the invention to the embodiments illus signments, to Unit Rail Anchor Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pa., a corporation of New Jersey trated. The scope of the invention will be pointed out in the appended claims. Filed Nov. 15, 1957, Ser. No. 696,739 20 Claims. (Cl. 104-2) Referring now to the drawings, the numerals 10 and 11 designate the parallel rails of a railroad track or the like, This invention relates to an apparatus for applying rail land the numeral 12 indicates one of the transversely anchors to the rails of railway tracks to prevent longi 10 extending ties on which the rails 10 and 11 are laid. tudinal creeping of the rails relative to the ties on which As best seen in FIGS. 3 and 5, a rail anchor 13 used the rails are laid. with the ‘apparatus of this invention comprises a generally Rail anchors comprise a strap of strong spring-like C-shaped strip of strong spring-like metal having at one metal bent approximately into a C-shape of a length suf end a hook-like portion 13a adapted to hook over one ?cient to span the base of a rail beneath the rail between 15 side edge of the base of ‘a rail such as those illustrated at 10 and 11. Near the other end, the anchor is formed base and includes a portion at one end adapted to hook with an indented portion 13b adapted to snap onto the on one side edge of the rail base and a portion near the opposite side edge of the rail base when the rail anchor the ties. The anchor is positioned transversely of the rail other end adapted to snap onto the opposite side edge of the rail base when the anchor is forced upwardly is forced upwardly from the full line position of FIG. 5 to the broken line position by the application of an up‘ wardly ‘directed force applied to a midportion 13c of the anchor. Intermediate the midportion 13c and the hook portion 13a, the anchor is bent upwardly as illus beneath the rail. The anchors are placed on the rails adjacent one or both sides of some or all of the railroad ties, are tightly held on the rails, and abut the ties to prevent longitudinal creeping of the rails on the ties. trated at 13d to form a recess for an anchor supporting It is a general object of the invention to provide a new 25 pin adapted to hold the anchor in the full line position and improved rail anchor applicator mechanism ‘for forc illustrated preparatory to application of the anchor to ing a rail anchor upwardly beneath a rail to snap the the rail base. As illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 4, the an anchor onto the rail base. chors are applied to the rail 11 at opposite sides of the Another object is to provide a novel positioner mecha tie 12, and are placed by hand in the positions illustrated. nism ‘for holding a rail anchor beneath a rail and against 30 Before application of the anchors to the rail base, the a tie preparatory to application of the anchor to the rail anchors are moved longitudinally of the rail, toward each other, to ?rmly abut opposite sides of the tie so that after A more speci?c object is to provide a novel rail anchor application the anchor serves to prevent longitudinal applicator including a carriage movable along a railroad creeping of the rail relative to the tie. track, a positioner mechanism on the carriage for hold As illustrated, the invention is embodied in an appara ing a rail anchor preparatory to application of the anchor tus including ‘a hand car or carriage 15 movable along to the rail, and an applicator mechanism for forcing the the rails 10 and 11, an anchor positioner mechanism 16 anchor onto the rail base. supported on the carriage, and an anchor applicator Other objects and advantages will become readily ap mechanism 17 also supported on the carriage. 40 parent from the following detailed description taken in base. connection with the accompanying drawings, in which: FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of a rail anchor applicator embodying the principles of the present inven tion', with the anchor positioning mechanism and the anchor applying mechanism in elevated retracted post' tions permitting movement of the carriage along railroad track; FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the apparatus illus trated in FIG. 1, taken at about the line 2-2 of FIG. 1, with the anchor positioning mechanism lowered to an operative position, and the applying mechanism in the re tracted position; Carriage The carriage 15 comprises a framework consisting of a pair of spaced parallel axles 20 and 21 which are held in ?xed relations-hip to each other by means of an angle iron 22 secured to the axles at one end and a pair of angle irons 23 secured to the axles near the opposite end. Adjacent the angle irons 23, the ‘axles carry rollers or wheels 24 adapted to rest on and roll along the rail 10, and adjacent the angle iron 22 the axles carry ?anged rollers or wheels 25 adapted to rest on and roll along the rail 11 while embracing the top of the rail to retain the carriage on the tracks, as best seen in FIG. 3. The angle FIG. 3 is an end elevational View of the apparatus illus irons 23 provide a support for accessory equipment in trated in FIGS. 1 and 2, taken at about the line 3-3 of cluding a seat 28 for an operator which is carried on an 55 FIG. 2, with the anchor positioning mechanism and the inverted channel iron 29 transversely adjustable on the anchor applying mechanism positioned as in‘ FIG. 2; angle irons 23. A pair of spaced plates 30‘ are secured FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken at about the line 4—4 of FIG. 3, with the anchor positioning mechanism and the anchor applying mechanism lowered to operative to the angle iron to support a pump 31 of a conventional type which may be driven by a gasoline engine or the like for supplying pressure ?uid to the hydraulic apparatus. 60 positions; Near the axle 21, a pair of spaced plates 32 may be sup FIG. 5 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken at ported on the angle irons 23 to provide a resting place about the line 5——5 of FIG. 4; for a tool box if desired. FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional The carriage is made sturdy enough to support the posi view taken at about the line 6——6 of FIG. 4; tioner mechanism, the applicator mechanism, the acces 65 FIG. 7 is a fragmentary elevational view taken at about sory equipment, and an operator, but at the same time is the line 7-7 of FIG. 5; and made light enough that the carriage may be placed on and off the tracks by hand and easily pushed along the FIG. 8 is a diagrammatic illustration of the ?uid cir rails by hand. cuits. While an illustrative embodiment of the invention is 70 Anchor Positioner Mechanism shown in the drawings and will be described in detail herein, the invention is susceptible of embodiment in ' The supporting framework of the carriage includes a pair of horizontal supports 35 (FIGS. 1 and 2) in the 8,095,826 3. form of channel members having their outer ends secured to the angle iron 22 and extending laterally therefrom toward the center of the carriage. At the inner ends, the supports 35 have upright columns 36 secured thereto, the columns 36 comprising ?at strap-like plates terminating at their upper endsin inwardly turned ?anges 37. The ?anges 37 are reinforcedby inclined braces 38 having their upperends secured to the under sides of the ?anges 4 weight arm 71 and'the carriage framework 'for positively holding the positioner frame in the elevated position. In operation, the positioner frame is swingable to a ‘retracted position illustratedin full lines in FIG. 1 and in broken lines in FIG. 3, wherein the legs 43 and 44 of the frame are elevated above the ties to permit move ment of the carriage ‘along the track. When the carriage is stationary, the positioner frame may be moved longi tudinally on the carriage by sliding the rod I52. on the and their lower ends secured respectively to the axles 20 and 21. The columns 36 form supports for a pair of 10 supporting rollers 45} so that the legs 43 and 44 will straddle a tie when swung toward the rail 11. From the ?anged rollersdfr (FIG. 4), one on a horizontal axis retracted position, the positioner frame may be pivoted on each of the columns 36, vand'the rollers 40 support on the rollers4h to swing the legs 43‘and-44 toward the the positioner mechanism 16'. rail 1:1 toian operative position with the positioner de The positioner mechanism includes a generally C-shaped frame having-a middle leg 42 and end legs 43 and 44. 15 vices Si) and ‘51 adjacent the base of the rail on opposite sides of- the tie. In use, the rail anchors 13 vare posi The middle legA-Zcomprises a cylindrical rod which rests tioned by hand substantially as illustrated in full line in on the rollers ell-to hang the positioner’ frame from the the drawings, with the hook portions 13a over the inner rollers with the middle leg horizontally slidable on the edge of the base of the trail and with the anchors adjacent rollers and rotatable onithe rollers to swing theend legs 43and 44,,toward-and away from the rail 11- between 20 opposite sides of the tie 12.- Whenthe positioner frame is swung downwardly to the operative position, the an a retracted position, illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 3, and an chor supporting pins 54 and 54’ engage the seats 13d in operative position straddling a tie as illustrated in FIGS. the anchors to hold the anchors against the base of the 2, 3, 4 and .6. As illustrated, the middle leg-42 may be rail. With the frame in the lowered position, ?uid may reinforced by an elongated plate. 46Welded to the central portion of the rod. Guide rollers 48 (FIGS. 3 and 6), 25 be admitted to the cylinder 58 to extend the cylinder 53 relative to its supporting piston 66,’ moving the positioner one. carried by, each of the columns 36, bear against upper device~51 toward the positioner- device 5t}. During this portions of the rod 42 to retain the rod on the rollers 40. movement, the abutment 55' engages the side of the an The legs 43 and 44 of the positioner frame carry anchor chor, forcing the anchor against the side of the tie. When positioning devices 50 and 51 respectively. When the positioner frame is swung toward the rail 11, the legs 43 30 the anchor abuts the tie, movement of the positioner de vice 51 is terminated, and ?uid pressure backs the piston and 44 straddle the tie 12, and the positioner devices 50 60 outwardly of the cylinder ‘58, moving the entire posi and 51 move to positions alongside the base of the rail tioner frame as the rod 42; slides on the rollers st} to 11 to position and-hold a pair of rail anchors 13 for cause movement of the positioner device 5% toward the application to the railv base. Thepositioner device 50 is ?xed to the end of the leg 43, and includes a block 35 opposite side of the tie. During this movement, the pusher abutment SS-engages the side of the adjacent rail ‘53 vertically adjustable on the leg, and an anchor sup anchor forcing the latter against-the opposite side of the porting pin 54 on the block engageable with the seat 13d ‘tie. So long as ?uid-pressure is admitted to piston and in a rail anchor to hold the anchor against the rail base cylinder device 56 the anchors will be ?rmly held against in the position illustrated preparatory to application of the anchor to the rail base. The block 53 also includes 4,0 opposite sides of-the tie for application by the applicator mechanism 17. Preferably, a low pressure ?uid is utilized apusher abutment 55 engageable with the side of a rail in the piston and cylinder device 56 while a high pres anchor 13 on movement of the positioner devices toward sure ?uid, is utilized in the applicator mechanism. each other to push the anchor 13 against one side of the tie 12. Anchor Applicator Mechanism The positioner device 51 is mounted on the lower end of the leg “for movement toward the pusher 50. The The supporting framework of the carriage includes a device 51.is similar to that illustrated'at 50, and includes horizontally disposed support rod 75 having opposite ends a block 53’, an anchor supporting pin 54’ and a pusher secured, -to the horizontal ?anges 37 at the top of the abutment 55'. The block 53’ is secured to a movable columns 36. The rod 75 supports ‘an applicator frame 50 cylinder 58 in a piston and cylinder device 56 vertically for swinging movement about the rod and for longitudinal adjustable on the leg 4-4. As best seen in FIG. 4 the piston movement on the rod. The applicator frame comprises and cylinder device 56 comprises hollow cylinder 58 slid a ?at rectangular plate 76 and a spaced parallel plate able.v in a sleeve 59 and on a hollow piston 60. The 78 which carry a pair of ?anged rollers '77 therebetween sleeve 59 is secured on an enlarged base portion of the resting on the rod 75. A lower portion vof the plate 76 piston 60 which in turn is vertically adjustable on the carries a pair of retaining rollers 79 which function to leg ‘44. The cylinder 58 is normally held in a retracted hold‘ the rollers 77 on the rod 75. The applicator frame position ‘by a tension spring 61 having one end suitably maybe pivoted about the rod 75 and moved longitudinally connected to the cylinder 58 and the other end connected on the rod by wheeling the rollers 77 along the rod. to the hollow piston 60. Fluid under pressure may be The applicator mechanism is mounted for movement 60 admitted to the cylinder to extend the cylinder relative to upwardly and downwardly on the swingable applicator the piston to move the positioner devices 50 and 51 toward frame by means including a pair of tubes or cylinders 81 each other. secured to the applicator frame plate 76 and having a Preferably, the lower end of the leg 43 has a pedal 6'5 pair of plungers 82 therein slidable upwardly and down secured thereon in a position convenient to the foot of an wardly. The applicator comprises a carriage 83 in the operator seated at 28. The positioner frame may be form of a generally horizontally disposed plate having swung from the retracted position to the operative posi a shoe 84 engageable with the top of the rail 11 when the tion, utilizing the pedalv 65, and held in the operative posi carrier is in the lowered position and having a pair of tion by foot pressure to hold the anchors in position for upwardly extending ears 85 pivotally connected to the application. If desired, the weight of the positioner mech 70 lowerends of the plungersSZas illustrated at 86. The shoe 84-comprises a ?rst applicator jaw, and the carrier anism may be counterbalanced by means of a weight 70 83 has a pair of depending legs 89 having a second ap on an arm 71 secured to the rod 42 or the reinforcing plicator jaw or anchor applying member 90 pivoted there plate 46 as by welding so that the positioner frame will on as at 91. remain in an elevated position. If desired, a chain or The anchor applying member 9t; comprises a somewhat the like maybe provided for connection between the 3,095,826 6 -C-shaped member (FIG. 5) having its upper portion positioner piston-and cylinder device 56 or which may be manipulated. to permit return-of ?uid from the conduit pivoted at 91, having a lower end portion 92 which func tions as a pressure applying'iaw engageable with the bot tom of a rail anchor ‘as at 130 to force the ‘anchor up - 125 to areturn conduit 126. The high pressure delivery conduit 121 leads to a valve 128 having a manually wardly onto the rail base, and having an intermediate portion pivotally connected as at 93 to a piston and cylin der device 94 connected between the two applicator jaws to pivot the member v90 to apply the rail anchor. The piston and cylinder device 94 comprises a hollow piston operable control member 129 which may be manipulated to ‘cause delivery of pressure'?uid from the conduit 121 to a conduit 130 leading to applicator piston and cylinder device 94 or which may be manipulatedto permit return ?ow of ?uid from the conduit 130 to a return conduit 95' pivoted as at 96 to the carrier 83.and having a hollow 10 131. The return conduits 126 and 131 are joined to cylinder 97 slidable thereon and connected at 93 to the gether at 132, and a common return conduit 133 connects anchor applying member 90. The cylinder 97 is normally with the pump intake or reservoir. The valves 123 and retained in a retracted position illustrated in full v‘line in 128 are supported on a plate 135 which is conveniently FIG. ‘5 by means of a spring 100‘ under tension in the attached to the top ?ange 37 of the support column 36 piston 95 and having one end connected to the-piston and 15 adjacent the carriage axle 20 so that the valve control the other end connected to the cylinder. On admission handles 124 and 129 are accessible to the operator seated of ?uid under pressure to the cylinder, it will be forced at 28. outwardly, pivoting the anchor applying member to the Operation broken line position illustrated in FIG. 5 to force the In use, the carriage may be lifted by hand and placed anchor 13 from the full line position upwardly onto the 20 on the rails 10 and 11, and maybe pushed by‘hand along rail base as illustrated in broken line. the rails to place the positioner mechanism 16 and the The weight of the anchor applying mechanism is sup applicator mechanism 17 inapproximately the desired ported on the applicator frame by means of a spring positions relative to a tie such as that illustrated at 12. counterbalance ~mechanism 102 so that the applicator With the carriage'thus’positioned, rail anchors 'may be mechanism may be easily manipulated through theme placed by hand beneath the base of the' rail 11 in sub dium of a handle 103 secured to the carrier 83 ‘and ac stantially the positions illustrated in full lines in‘ the draw cessible to the operator seated at 28. The counterbalance ings preparatory to use of the positioner mechanism 16 mechanism includes a‘?exible cable 105 having its lower and the applicator mechanism 17. The anchors pre end connected to'the pivot pin‘ 86 and passing upwardly over a ?rst pulley 106 on the applicator frame, over and 30 around a second spaced pulley 107, backwardly under and around a third pulley 108 beside the pulley 106, then positioned by hand maybe held in position by' swinging the positioner frame downwardly from the elevated posi tion'illustrated in FIG. 1 to the operative position illus trated in the succeeding ?gures ‘wherein the anchor‘ sup porting pins 54 andv 54' engage the anchors to hold them 110 supporting the pulleys 106 and 108. He axle 1113 35 against the bottom of the rail base. With the pins'54 and 54' thus positioned, thev positioner devices 50 and‘ 51 is supported ‘on and between a pair of elongated plate over and around a fourth pulley 109 beside the pulley 107. The opposite end of the cable is secured to an axle .members 112 secured to the frame plates'76 and 78 and are moved toward each other on admission of lowpres extending laterally therefrom. The pulleys 107 and 109 sure?uid to the positioner piston and cylinder device'56. The pusher abutments '55 and 55’ force the anchors are supported on an axle 114 having a link 115 connected thereto and connected to a tension spring ‘116. The 40 against opposite sides of' the tie and hold the anchors during application by the applicator‘ mechanism 17. It spring 1116 is anchored at its opposite endto a retainer will be understood that the ‘C-shaped positioner frame 117 secured on the outer ends of the plates 112.. may be moved longitudinally of the carriage to properly In operation, it will be understood that the spring 116 locate the positioner devices 50 and 51 relative to the and the mounting for the pulleys 107 and 109permits movement of these pulleys toward and‘away from the 45 anchors tobe applied. While the anchors are .iheld by the positioner mech pulleys 106 and 103 as the carrier 83 is lowered and anism, the applicator mechanism 17 may be moved longi raised. The strength of the spring 106 is such that the tudinally on the carriage andthe applicator jaws lowered weight of the applicator mechanism is substantially coun into position for applyingone of'the rail anchors. vWith terbalanced and the applicator mechanism may easily be manipulated through the medium of handle 103 by 50 the applicator jaws positioned as illustrated in FIG. ‘5, ?uid is admitted to. the piston and cylinder device 94 to pivoting ‘the applicator frame on the rod 75, by sliding force the anchor to the rail'base. After this, the appli the plungers- 82 in. the cylinders 81,.and by. pivoting car cator mechanism. may be repositioned'to force the other rier1S3 on the plungers. 82 to move the applicator mech anchor onto the rail base. 'It will be understood that anism'from an elevated position illustrated in ‘FIG.'3 permitting movement of the carriage along the rails to the 55 both the positioner mechanism and ‘the applicator mech anism may be raised to elevated positions which'permit lowered operative position illustrated in'FIG. 5. It will movement ‘of the carriage along the rails. also be understood that the entire applicator mechanism I claim: including the applicator frame is movable longitudinally 1. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base along the supporting rod 75 to properly position the applicator mechanism to ?rst apply an anchor 13 on one 60 of a railroad track, comprising, a supporting framework, an anchor positioning mechanism on the framework in side of a tie and then to apply the other anchor ‘on the opposite side of the tie. cluding means for engaging a rail anchor and urging the anchor toward a rail base thereby to hold the anchor in Hydraulic Circuit position against a rail base to be forced thereonto and The hydraulic circuit illustrated in'FIG. 8 includes the 65 means for moving the rail anchor longitudinally of the pump 31 which may be of a conventional type adapted rail base against a tie, and an anchor applying mech to deliver low pressure ?uid at about 150 psi. to a deliv anism on the framework including means for'forcing the ery conduit‘ 120 for supplying a circiut for the positioner anchor onto the rail base While held by said positioning cylinder 56. The pump also delivers high pressure ?uid mechanism. at about 5,500 to 6,000 p.s.i. to a delivery conduit 121 70 2. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base for supplyinga circuit for'the applicator vcylinder 94. Low pressure delivery conduit 120 leads to a three way valve 123 including a manually operable control handle of a railroad track rail or the like, comprising: a support > ting framework; an anchor holdingmechanism including an arm pivotable on the framework from an elevated 124 which may be manipulated to deliver pressure ?uid position to a lowered position, a rail anchor support on from the conduit 120 to a conduit 125 leading to the 75 the end of the arm movable therewith when the arm is ' 3,095,826 lowered, to a position beneath a rail base to engage the bottom surface of a rail anchor to hold the rail anchor against a rail base in position to be forced onto the rail base; and an anchor applying mechanism on the frame work including means for forcing the anchor onto the rail base. 3. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a framework positionable adjacent a rail of a railroad track or the like; an anchor positioning mechanism including an arm pivot able on the framework about an axis generally parallel the rail and slidable on the framework along the pivot axis, an anchor positioning device fixed on the end of the arm, said device including a rail anchor support engageable with a rail anchor when the arm is pivoted to a lowered 8. An apparatus for applying rail anchors to the base of a railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame work, an anchor holding mechanism on the framework in cluding means for holding a pair of rail anchors in posi tion against a rail base to be forced thereonto on opposite sides of a tie, and an anchor applying mechanism movable on the framework from a ?rst position for forcing one anchor of said anchors onto the rail base to a second posi tion for forcing the other anchor onto the rail base. 9. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage movable along the rails of a railroad track; an anchor positioning mechanism including a C-shaped frame having the middle leg hung on the carriage for longitudinal slid ing movement horizontally and for swinging movement position thereby to hold the anchor in position against the 15 of the end legs toward and away from a rail to straddle a tie, an anchor positioner on each end leg, one positioner movable toward the other, each positioner comprising a pin engageable with a rail anchor when the frame is swung toward the rail to hold the anchors in position applying mechanism on the framework for forcing the 20 against the rail base to be forced thereonto and an abut ment engageable with an anchor on movement of the posi anchor onto the rail base. tioners toward each other to push the anchors against 4. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a framework opposite sides of a tie; and an anchor applying mecha positionable on a rail of a railroad track or the like; an nism longitudinally movable on the carriage between said anchor positioning mechanism including an arm pivotable end legs and movable from an elevated position to a low on the framework about an axis generally parallel to the ered position adjacent the rail for forcing an anchor onto rail, an anchor positioning device slidable on the end of the rail base while held by a positioner. said arm in a direction parallel to said pivot axis and hav 10. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage ing an anchor support engageable with a rail anchor when movable along a railroad track; an anchor holding mech the arm is pivoted to a lowered position to hold the anism including an arm pivotable on the carriage from an anchor in position against the rail base to be forced there elevated position permitting movement of the carriage onto and to hold the anchor against a tie ‘on slidable along the track to a lowered position alongside a rail, and movement of the device, and means for sliding the device rail base to be forced thereonto' and including an abutment engageable with the side of a rail anchor to hold the anchor against a tie, and means for sliding the arm on the framework to hold the anchor against a tie; and an anchor on the arm to hold the anchor against a tie; and an an an anchor holding device on the end of the arm engage able with a rail anchor when the arm is swung to the low chor applying mechanism on the framework for forcing 35 ered position to hold the anchor in position against the the anchor onto the rail base. rail base to be forced thereonto; and an anchor applying 5. An apparatus for applying rail anchors to the base mechanism including a carrier having a shoe engageable of a'railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame~ with the top of the rail, means supporting the carrier on work, means on the framework for holding a pair of rail the carriage for movement from an elevated position per anchors in position against a rail base to be forced there mitting movement of the carriage along the track to a onto on opposite sides of a tie, and an anchor applying lowered position with said shoe engaging the top of the mechanism on the framework including means for forcing rail, an anchor applying member pivoted on the carrier the anchors onto the rail base while held by the holding and having a pressure applying portion engageable with mechanism. 6. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage 45 the rail anchor to force it upwardly onto the rail base, and means for pivoting the anchor applying member from movable along the rails of a railroad track; an anchor a withdrawn position to an anchor applying position. holding mechanism including a pair of legs swingable on 11. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base the carriage toward a rail about an axis parallel to the of a railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame rail; an anchor holding device on the end of each leg en work, and an anchor applying mechanism including a car gageable with a rail anchor when the legs are swung to rier and means supporting the carrier on the framework ward the rail to urge the anchor toward the rail and hold for movement from an elevated position to a lowered the anchor in position beneath and against the rail to be position adjacent the rail, a pair of relatively movable forced onto the rail ‘base; and an anchor applying mecha jaws on the carrier, one including a downwardly facing nism on the carriage including means for forcing the anchors onto the rail base while held by the holding 55 surface engageable with an upwardly facing surface on the rail and the other including an upwardly facing sur devices. face engageable with a downwardly facing surface on a. 7. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage rail anchor beneath the rail base when the carrier is low movable along the rails of a railroad track; an anchor ered, and means for moving the jaws toward each other positioning mechanism including a C-shaped frame hav to force the anchor upwardly onto the rail base. ing the middle leg hung on the carriage for longitudinal 12. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base sliding movement horizontally and for swinging move of a railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame ment of the end legs toward and away from a rail to work, and an anchor applicator including a frame swing straddle a tie, an anchor positioner on each leg, one able on the supporting framework to a lowered position, a mounted for movement toward the other, each positioner comprising a pin engageable with an anchor when the 65 ?rst applicator jaw carried by the applicator frame and having a shoe with a downwardly facing surface engage frame is swung toward the rail to hold the anchors in able with an upwardly facing surface on the rail when the position against the rail base to be forced thereonto and frame is swung to the lowered position, a second appli a pusher abutment engageable with the side of an anchor cator jaw pivo-table on the ?rst jaw and including a pres on movement of the positioners toward each other to push the anchors against opposite sides of a tie, and a ?uid 70 sure applying portion with an upwardly facing surface engageable with the bottom surface of a rail anchor posi operable device acting between the movable positioner tioned for application when the frame is swung to the and its'supporting leg to move the positioners toward each lowered position, and means acting between ‘the two jaws other; and an anchor applying mechanism on the carriage for pivoting said pressure applying portion toward said for forcing the anchors onto the rail base while held by 75 shoe to force the anchor upwardly onto the rail base. the positioners. 19 13. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a supporting framework positionable adjacent a railroad track, and an anchor applying mechanism including a frame movable on the framework toward a rail and movable on the frame prepositioned on a rail base to the base of a railroad track rail, comprising a supporting framework adapted for movement along a railroad track, an anchor holding mechanism mounted on the framework including means for holding two prepositioned rail anchors against oppo work longitudinally of the rail, a ?rst applicator jaw car site sides of a tie, said holding means including a second ried by the frame including a shoe engageable with one ary means for moving the two prepositioned anchors in surface of the rail when the frame is moved toward the opposite directions longitudinally of the rail for forcing rail, a second jaw pivoted on the ?rst jaw in opposition them tightly against opposite sides of said tie in predriving thereto and engageable with an anchor positioned beneath the rail base for application when the frame is moved to 10 position, and an anchor applying mechanism mounted on the framework including a driving means for forcing the ward the rail, and a ?uid operable piston and cylinder rail anchors onto the rail base while being held in pre connected between the jaws for pivoting the second jaw driving position by said holding means. in opposition to the ?rst jaw to force the anchor onto the 19. A rail anchor mounting machine for mounting a rail base. 14. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage 15 pair of rail anchors upon a rail and in engagement with the opposite sides of a tie supporting the rail, comprising: movable along a railroad track, and an anchor applying a frame; wheels, mounted upon said frame, for support mechanism including a frame swingable on the carriage ing said frame upon a railway for movement therealong; toward and away from rail about a ‘horizontal axis parallel a pair of clamp members; means for supporting said to carriage movement, a slide movable downwardly and upwardly on the frame ‘toward and away from the rail, 1; carrier pivotable on the slide about a horizontal axis par allel to the swing axis of the frame, a pair of relatively movable jaws on the carrier, one engageable with the top of the rail and the other engageable with a rail anchor positioned for application when the carrier is lowered to— ward the rail, and means for moving the jaws toward each other to force the anchor onto the rail base. 15. A rail anchor applicator, comprising, a pair of ap clamp members upon said frame for movement between a normal elevated position above the ties of the railway and an operating position in which said clamp members extend below the tops of said ties and are disposed ad jacent the base ?ange of one rail of said railway; means 25 for moving said clamp members between said normal and operating positions; power-driven means for moving at least one of said clamp members relative to said frame and longitudinally of said one rail and toward the other of said clamp members to clamp a pair of rail anchors plicator jaws pivotally connected together, one having a downwardly facing surface engageable with an upwardly 30 between said clamp members and against opposite sides facing surface on a rail, and the other having an upwardly facing surface engageable with a downwardly facing sur face on a rail anchor positioned beneath the rail base for of one tie of said railway; a power-driven rail anchor driving device; means for mounting said driving device upon said frame for movement between normal positions displaced from said operating positions of said clamp application to the base, and means for moving the jaws toward each other to force the anchor upwardly onto the 35 members and driving positions adjacent said operating positions of said clamp members and in alignment and rail base. engagement with said rail anchors; and power-driven 16. A rail anchor applicator, comprising, a carrier means for actuating said driving device in its operating movable toward and away from a rail and having a shoe positions to force said rail anchors onto the rail. with a downwardly facing surface engageable with the top 20. An apparatus for positioning and holding two rail of the rail, an anchor applying member pivoted on the 40 anchors on the base of a railroad track rail on opposite carrier and having a pressure applying portion with an sides of a tie preparatory to application of the anchors upwardly facing surface engageable with a downwardly to the rail base, comprising, a supporting framework facing surface of a rail anchor positioned beneath the rail base for application, spring means normally retaining the 45 adapted for movement along a railroad track, an anchor holding means mounted on the framework for holding pressure applying portion in a retracted position, and a two prepositioned anchors on the rail base on opposite ?uid operable piston and cylinder device for pivoting the sides of a tie supporting the rail, and an anchor position anchor applying member from the retracted position to ing means mounted on the framework for moving the pre an anchor applying position. positioned anchors longitudinally of the rail base against 17. An apparatus for applying rail anchors which are opposite sides of the tie while held by the holding means. prepositioned on a rail base to the base of a railroad track rail, comprising a supporting framework adapted for movement along a railroad track, an anchor holding mechanism mounted on the framework including means for holding two prepositioned rail anchors against oppo site sides of a tie in predriving position, and an anchor applying mechanism mounted on the framework includ ing a driving means for forcing the rail anchors onto the References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,575,535 Talboys et al. ________ __ Nov. 20, 1951 2,669,041 Fox et al. ____________ __ Feb. 16, 1954 2,730,962 Wright et al ___________ __ Ian. 17, 1956 rail base while being held in predriving position by said OTHER REFERENCES holding means. 18. An apparatus for applying rail anchors which are Railway Track and Structures Cyclopedia: 1955, 8th ed., Rail Anchors, chapter 21, pages 297-308.