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Патент USA US3095836

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July 2, 1963
E. c. SWANSON
3,095,826
RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR
Filed Nov. 15, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
2%
\
I
L_ L_: _
F.
24
July 2, 1963
E. c. SWANSON
3,095,826
RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR
’mm
A\WN:
Q3‘
Ji
Edwin/C
BYj
July 2, 1963
E. c. SWANSON
3,095,826
RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR
Filed Nov. 15, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
wmmR.
fella/5m C Swan-50m
July 2, 1963
E. c. swANsoN
3,095,826
RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR
Filed Nov. 15, 1957
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
117
INVENTOR.
I lTQZ/ZmCSwmwM
92
-__+
I I BY 6/14»?
‘74”’
"me
3,095,826
RAIL ANCHOR APPLICATOR
Edwin C. Swanson, Rockford, Ill., assignor, by mesne as
3,@-§5,826
Patented July 2, 1963
many dilferent ‘forms, and it should be understood that
the present disclosure is to be considered as an exempli
?cation of the principles of the invention‘ and is not in
tended to limit the invention to the embodiments illus
signments, to Unit Rail Anchor Corporation, Pittsburgh,
Pa., a corporation of New Jersey
trated. The scope of the invention will be pointed out
in the appended claims.
Filed Nov. 15, 1957, Ser. No. 696,739
20 Claims. (Cl. 104-2)
Referring now to the drawings, the numerals 10 and 11
designate the parallel rails of a railroad track or the like,
This invention relates to an apparatus for applying rail
land the numeral 12 indicates one of the transversely
anchors to the rails of railway tracks to prevent longi 10 extending ties on which the rails 10 and 11 are laid.
tudinal creeping of the rails relative to the ties on which
As best seen in FIGS. 3 and 5, a rail anchor 13 used
the rails are laid.
with the ‘apparatus of this invention comprises a generally
Rail anchors comprise a strap of strong spring-like
C-shaped strip of strong spring-like metal having at one
metal bent approximately into a C-shape of a length suf
end a hook-like portion 13a adapted to hook over one
?cient to span the base of a rail beneath the rail between 15 side edge of the base of ‘a rail such as those illustrated at
10 and 11. Near the other end, the anchor is formed
base and includes a portion at one end adapted to hook
with an indented portion 13b adapted to snap onto the
on one side edge of the rail base and a portion near the
opposite side edge of the rail base when the rail anchor
the ties. The anchor is positioned transversely of the rail
other end adapted to snap onto the opposite side edge
of the rail base when the anchor is forced upwardly
is forced upwardly from the full line position of FIG. 5
to the broken line position by the application of an up‘
wardly ‘directed force applied to a midportion 13c of
the anchor. Intermediate the midportion 13c and the
hook portion 13a, the anchor is bent upwardly as illus
beneath the rail. The anchors are placed on the rails
adjacent one or both sides of some or all of the railroad
ties, are tightly held on the rails, and abut the ties to
prevent longitudinal creeping of the rails on the ties.
trated at 13d to form a recess for an anchor supporting
It is a general object of the invention to provide a new 25 pin adapted to hold the anchor in the full line position
and improved rail anchor applicator mechanism ‘for forc
illustrated preparatory to application of the anchor to
ing a rail anchor upwardly beneath a rail to snap the
the rail base. As illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 4, the an
anchor onto the rail base.
chors are applied to the rail 11 at opposite sides of the
Another object is to provide a novel positioner mecha
tie
12, and are placed by hand in the positions illustrated.
nism ‘for holding a rail anchor beneath a rail and against 30 Before application of the anchors to the rail base, the
a tie preparatory to application of the anchor to the rail
anchors are moved longitudinally of the rail, toward each
other, to ?rmly abut opposite sides of the tie so that after
A more speci?c object is to provide a novel rail anchor
application the anchor serves to prevent longitudinal
applicator including a carriage movable along a railroad
creeping of the rail relative to the tie.
track, a positioner mechanism on the carriage for hold
As illustrated, the invention is embodied in an appara
ing a rail anchor preparatory to application of the anchor
tus including ‘a hand car or carriage 15 movable along
to the rail, and an applicator mechanism for forcing the
the rails 10 and 11, an anchor positioner mechanism 16
anchor onto the rail base.
supported on the carriage, and an anchor applicator
Other objects and advantages will become readily ap
mechanism 17 also supported on the carriage.
40
parent from the following detailed description taken in
base.
connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of a rail anchor
applicator embodying the principles of the present inven
tion', with the anchor positioning mechanism and the
anchor applying mechanism in elevated retracted post'
tions permitting movement of the carriage along railroad
track;
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view of the apparatus illus
trated in FIG. 1, taken at about the line 2-2 of FIG. 1,
with the anchor positioning mechanism lowered to an
operative position, and the applying mechanism in the re
tracted position;
Carriage
The carriage 15 comprises a framework consisting of a
pair of spaced parallel axles 20 and 21 which are held
in ?xed relations-hip to each other by means of an angle
iron 22 secured to the axles at one end and a pair of
angle irons 23 secured to the axles near the opposite end.
Adjacent the angle irons 23, the ‘axles carry rollers or
wheels 24 adapted to rest on and roll along the rail 10,
and adjacent the angle iron 22 the axles carry ?anged
rollers or wheels 25 adapted to rest on and roll along the
rail 11 while embracing the top of the rail to retain the
carriage on the tracks, as best seen in FIG. 3. The angle
FIG. 3 is an end elevational View of the apparatus illus
irons 23 provide a support for accessory equipment in
trated in FIGS. 1 and 2, taken at about the line 3-3 of
cluding a seat 28 for an operator which is carried on an
55
FIG. 2, with the anchor positioning mechanism and the
inverted channel iron 29 transversely adjustable on the
anchor applying mechanism positioned as in‘ FIG. 2;
angle irons 23. A pair of spaced plates 30‘ are secured
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken at about the line 4—4
of FIG. 3, with the anchor positioning mechanism and
the anchor applying mechanism lowered to operative
to the angle iron to support a pump 31 of a conventional
type which may be driven by a gasoline engine or the like
for supplying pressure ?uid to the hydraulic apparatus.
60
positions;
Near the axle 21, a pair of spaced plates 32 may be sup
FIG. 5 is an enlarged vertical sectional view taken at
ported on the angle irons 23 to provide a resting place
about the line 5——5 of FIG. 4;
for a tool box if desired.
FIG. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional
The carriage is made sturdy enough to support the posi
view taken at about the line 6——6 of FIG. 4;
tioner mechanism, the applicator mechanism, the acces
65
FIG. 7 is a fragmentary elevational view taken at about
sory equipment, and an operator, but at the same time is
the line 7-7 of FIG. 5; and
made light enough that the carriage may be placed on
and off the tracks by hand and easily pushed along the
FIG. 8 is a diagrammatic illustration of the ?uid cir
rails by hand.
cuits.
While an illustrative embodiment of the invention is 70
Anchor Positioner Mechanism
shown in the drawings and will be described in detail
herein, the invention is susceptible of embodiment in
' The supporting framework of the carriage includes a
pair of horizontal supports 35 (FIGS. 1 and 2) in the
8,095,826
3.
form of channel members having their outer ends secured
to the angle iron 22 and extending laterally therefrom
toward the center of the carriage. At the inner ends, the
supports 35 have upright columns 36 secured thereto, the
columns 36 comprising ?at strap-like plates terminating
at their upper endsin inwardly turned ?anges 37. The
?anges 37 are reinforcedby inclined braces 38 having
their upperends secured to the under sides of the ?anges
4
weight arm 71 and'the carriage framework 'for positively
holding the positioner frame in the elevated position.
In operation, the positioner frame is swingable to a
‘retracted position illustratedin full lines in FIG. 1 and
in broken lines in FIG. 3, wherein the legs 43 and 44 of
the frame are elevated above the ties to permit move
ment of the carriage ‘along the track. When the carriage
is stationary, the positioner frame may be moved longi
tudinally on the carriage by sliding the rod I52. on the
and their lower ends secured respectively to the axles 20
and 21. The columns 36 form supports for a pair of 10 supporting rollers 45} so that the legs 43 and 44 will
straddle a tie when swung toward the rail 11. From the
?anged rollersdfr (FIG. 4), one on a horizontal axis
retracted position, the positioner frame may be pivoted
on each of the columns 36, vand'the rollers 40 support
on the rollers4h to swing the legs 43‘and-44 toward the
the positioner mechanism 16'.
rail 1:1 toian operative position with the positioner de
The positioner mechanism includes a generally C-shaped
frame having-a middle leg 42 and end legs 43 and 44. 15 vices Si) and ‘51 adjacent the base of the rail on opposite
sides of- the tie. In use, the rail anchors 13 vare posi
The middle legA-Zcomprises a cylindrical rod which rests
tioned by hand substantially as illustrated in full line in
on the rollers ell-to hang the positioner’ frame from the
the drawings, with the hook portions 13a over the inner
rollers with the middle leg horizontally slidable on the
edge of the base of the trail and with the anchors adjacent
rollers and rotatable onithe rollers to swing theend legs
43and 44,,toward-and away from the rail 11- between 20 opposite sides of the tie 12.- Whenthe positioner frame
is swung downwardly to the operative position, the an
a retracted position, illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 3, and an
chor supporting pins 54 and 54’ engage the seats 13d in
operative position straddling a tie as illustrated in FIGS.
the anchors to hold the anchors against the base of the
2, 3, 4 and .6. As illustrated, the middle leg-42 may be
rail. With the frame in the lowered position, ?uid may
reinforced by an elongated plate. 46Welded to the central
portion of the rod. Guide rollers 48 (FIGS. 3 and 6), 25 be admitted to the cylinder 58 to extend the cylinder 53
relative to its supporting piston 66,’ moving the positioner
one. carried by, each of the columns 36, bear against upper
device~51 toward the positioner- device 5t}. During this
portions of the rod 42 to retain the rod on the rollers 40.
movement, the abutment 55' engages the side of the an
The legs 43 and 44 of the positioner frame carry anchor
chor, forcing the anchor against the side of the tie. When
positioning devices 50 and 51 respectively. When the
positioner frame is swung toward the rail 11, the legs 43 30 the anchor abuts the tie, movement of the positioner de
vice 51 is terminated, and ?uid pressure backs the piston
and 44 straddle the tie 12, and the positioner devices 50
60 outwardly of the cylinder ‘58, moving the entire posi
and 51 move to positions alongside the base of the rail
tioner frame as the rod 42; slides on the rollers st} to
11 to position and-hold a pair of rail anchors 13 for
cause movement of the positioner device 5% toward the
application to the railv base. Thepositioner device 50
is ?xed to the end of the leg 43, and includes a block 35 opposite side of the tie. During this movement, the
pusher abutment SS-engages the side of the adjacent rail
‘53 vertically adjustable on the leg, and an anchor sup
anchor forcing the latter against-the opposite side of the
porting pin 54 on the block engageable with the seat 13d
‘tie. So long as ?uid-pressure is admitted to piston and
in a rail anchor to hold the anchor against the rail base
cylinder device 56 the anchors will be ?rmly held against
in the position illustrated preparatory to application of
the anchor to the rail base. The block 53 also includes 4,0 opposite sides of-the tie for application by the applicator
mechanism 17. Preferably, a low pressure ?uid is utilized
apusher abutment 55 engageable with the side of a rail
in the piston and cylinder device 56 while a high pres
anchor 13 on movement of the positioner devices toward
sure ?uid, is utilized in the applicator mechanism.
each other to push the anchor 13 against one side of
the tie 12.
Anchor Applicator Mechanism
The positioner device 51 is mounted on the lower end
of the leg “for movement toward the pusher 50. The
The supporting framework of the carriage includes a
device 51.is similar to that illustrated'at 50, and includes
horizontally disposed support rod 75 having opposite ends
a block 53’, an anchor supporting pin 54’ and a pusher
secured, -to the horizontal ?anges 37 at the top of the
abutment 55'. The block 53’ is secured to a movable
columns 36. The rod 75 supports ‘an applicator frame
50
cylinder 58 in a piston and cylinder device 56 vertically
for swinging movement about the rod and for longitudinal
adjustable on the leg 4-4. As best seen in FIG. 4 the piston
movement on the rod. The applicator frame comprises
and cylinder device 56 comprises hollow cylinder 58 slid
a ?at rectangular plate 76 and a spaced parallel plate
able.v in a sleeve 59 and on a hollow piston 60. The
78 which carry a pair of ?anged rollers '77 therebetween
sleeve 59 is secured on an enlarged base portion of the
resting on the rod 75. A lower portion vof the plate 76
piston 60 which in turn is vertically adjustable on the
carries a pair of retaining rollers 79 which function to
leg ‘44. The cylinder 58 is normally held in a retracted
hold‘ the rollers 77 on the rod 75. The applicator frame
position ‘by a tension spring 61 having one end suitably
maybe pivoted about the rod 75 and moved longitudinally
connected to the cylinder 58 and the other end connected
on the rod by wheeling the rollers 77 along the rod.
to the hollow piston 60. Fluid under pressure may be
The applicator mechanism is mounted for movement
60
admitted to the cylinder to extend the cylinder relative to
upwardly and downwardly on the swingable applicator
the piston to move the positioner devices 50 and 51 toward
frame by means including a pair of tubes or cylinders 81
each other.
secured to the applicator frame plate 76 and having a
Preferably, the lower end of the leg 43 has a pedal 6'5
pair of plungers 82 therein slidable upwardly and down
secured thereon in a position convenient to the foot of an
wardly. The applicator comprises a carriage 83 in the
operator seated at 28. The positioner frame may be
form of a generally horizontally disposed plate having
swung from the retracted position to the operative posi
a shoe 84 engageable with the top of the rail 11 when the
tion, utilizing the pedalv 65, and held in the operative posi
carrier is in the lowered position and having a pair of
tion by foot pressure to hold the anchors in position for
upwardly extending ears 85 pivotally connected to the
application. If desired, the weight of the positioner mech 70 lowerends of the plungersSZas illustrated at 86. The
shoe 84-comprises a ?rst applicator jaw, and the carrier
anism may be counterbalanced by means of a weight 70
83 has a pair of depending legs 89 having a second ap
on an arm 71 secured to the rod 42 or the reinforcing
plicator jaw or anchor applying member 90 pivoted there
plate 46 as by welding so that the positioner frame will
on as at 91.
remain in an elevated position. If desired, a chain or
The anchor applying member 9t; comprises a somewhat
the like maybe provided for connection between the
3,095,826
6
-C-shaped member (FIG. 5) having its upper portion
positioner piston-and cylinder device 56 or which may
be manipulated. to permit return-of ?uid from the conduit
pivoted at 91, having a lower end portion 92 which func
tions as a pressure applying'iaw engageable with the bot
tom of a rail anchor ‘as at 130 to force the ‘anchor up
- 125 to areturn conduit 126. The high pressure delivery
conduit 121 leads to a valve 128 having a manually
wardly onto the rail base, and having an intermediate
portion pivotally connected as at 93 to a piston and cylin
der device 94 connected between the two applicator jaws
to pivot the member v90 to apply the rail anchor. The
piston and cylinder device 94 comprises a hollow piston
operable control member 129 which may be manipulated
to ‘cause delivery of pressure'?uid from the conduit 121
to a conduit 130 leading to applicator piston and cylinder
device 94 or which may be manipulatedto permit return
?ow of ?uid from the conduit 130 to a return conduit
95' pivoted as at 96 to the carrier 83.and having a hollow 10 131. The return conduits 126 and 131 are joined to
cylinder 97 slidable thereon and connected at 93 to the
gether at 132, and a common return conduit 133 connects
anchor applying member 90. The cylinder 97 is normally
with the pump intake or reservoir. The valves 123 and
retained in a retracted position illustrated in full v‘line in
128 are supported on a plate 135 which is conveniently
FIG. ‘5 by means of a spring 100‘ under tension in the
attached to the top ?ange 37 of the support column 36
piston 95 and having one end connected to the-piston and 15 adjacent the carriage axle 20 so that the valve control
the other end connected to the cylinder. On admission
handles 124 and 129 are accessible to the operator seated
of ?uid under pressure to the cylinder, it will be forced
at 28.
outwardly, pivoting the anchor applying member to the
Operation
broken line position illustrated in FIG. 5 to force the
In use, the carriage may be lifted by hand and placed
anchor 13 from the full line position upwardly onto the 20
on the rails 10 and 11, and maybe pushed by‘hand along
rail base as illustrated in broken line.
the rails to place the positioner mechanism 16 and the
The weight of the anchor applying mechanism is sup
applicator mechanism 17 inapproximately the desired
ported on the applicator frame by means of a spring
positions relative to a tie such as that illustrated at 12.
counterbalance ~mechanism 102 so that the applicator
With the carriage'thus’positioned, rail anchors 'may be
mechanism may be easily manipulated through theme
placed by hand beneath the base of the' rail 11 in sub
dium of a handle 103 secured to the carrier 83 ‘and ac
stantially the positions illustrated in full lines in‘ the draw
cessible to the operator seated at 28. The counterbalance
ings preparatory to use of the positioner mechanism 16
mechanism includes a‘?exible cable 105 having its lower
and the applicator mechanism 17. The anchors pre
end connected to'the pivot pin‘ 86 and passing upwardly
over a ?rst pulley 106 on the applicator frame, over and 30
around a second spaced pulley 107, backwardly under
and around a third pulley 108 beside the pulley 106, then
positioned by hand maybe held in position by' swinging
the positioner frame downwardly from the elevated posi
tion'illustrated in FIG. 1 to the operative position illus
trated in the succeeding ?gures ‘wherein the anchor‘ sup
porting pins 54 andv 54' engage the anchors to hold them
110 supporting the pulleys 106 and 108. He axle 1113 35 against the bottom of the rail base. With the pins'54
and 54' thus positioned, thev positioner devices 50 and‘ 51
is supported ‘on and between a pair of elongated plate
over and around a fourth pulley 109 beside the pulley
107. The opposite end of the cable is secured to an axle
.members 112 secured to the frame plates'76 and 78 and
are moved toward each other on admission of lowpres
extending laterally therefrom. The pulleys 107 and 109
sure?uid to the positioner piston and cylinder device'56.
The pusher abutments '55 and 55’ force the anchors
are supported on an axle 114 having a link 115 connected
thereto and connected to a tension spring ‘116. The 40 against opposite sides of' the tie and hold the anchors
during application by the applicator‘ mechanism 17. It
spring 1116 is anchored at its opposite endto a retainer
will be understood that the ‘C-shaped positioner frame
117 secured on the outer ends of the plates 112..
may be moved longitudinally of the carriage to properly
In operation, it will be understood that the spring 116
locate the positioner devices 50 and 51 relative to the
and the mounting for the pulleys 107 and 109permits
movement of these pulleys toward and‘away from the 45 anchors tobe applied.
While the anchors are .iheld by the positioner mech
pulleys 106 and 103 as the carrier 83 is lowered and
anism, the applicator mechanism 17 may be moved longi
raised. The strength of the spring 106 is such that the
tudinally on the carriage andthe applicator jaws lowered
weight of the applicator mechanism is substantially coun
into position for applyingone of'the rail anchors. vWith
terbalanced and the applicator mechanism may easily
be manipulated through the medium of handle 103 by 50 the applicator jaws positioned as illustrated in FIG. ‘5,
?uid is admitted to. the piston and cylinder device 94 to
pivoting ‘the applicator frame on the rod 75, by sliding
force the anchor to the rail'base. After this, the appli
the plungers- 82 in. the cylinders 81,.and by. pivoting car
cator mechanism. may be repositioned'to force the other
rier1S3 on the plungers. 82 to move the applicator mech
anchor onto the rail base. 'It will be understood that
anism'from an elevated position illustrated in ‘FIG.'3
permitting movement of the carriage along the rails to the 55 both the positioner mechanism and ‘the applicator mech
anism may be raised to elevated positions which'permit
lowered operative position illustrated in'FIG. 5. It will
movement ‘of the carriage along the rails.
also be understood that the entire applicator mechanism
I claim:
including the applicator frame is movable longitudinally
1. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base
along the supporting rod 75 to properly position the
applicator mechanism to ?rst apply an anchor 13 on one 60 of a railroad track, comprising, a supporting framework,
an anchor positioning mechanism on the framework in
side of a tie and then to apply the other anchor ‘on the
opposite side of the tie.
cluding means for engaging a rail anchor and urging the
anchor toward a rail base thereby to hold the anchor in
Hydraulic Circuit
position against a rail base to be forced thereonto and
The hydraulic circuit illustrated in'FIG. 8 includes the 65 means for moving the rail anchor longitudinally of the
pump 31 which may be of a conventional type adapted
rail base against a tie, and an anchor applying mech
to deliver low pressure ?uid at about 150 psi. to a deliv
anism on the framework including means for'forcing the
ery conduit‘ 120 for supplying a circiut for the positioner
anchor onto the rail base While held by said positioning
cylinder 56. The pump also delivers high pressure ?uid
mechanism.
at about 5,500 to 6,000 p.s.i. to a delivery conduit 121 70
2. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base
for supplyinga circuit for'the applicator vcylinder 94.
Low pressure delivery conduit 120 leads to a three way
valve 123 including a manually operable control handle
of a railroad track rail or the like, comprising: a support
> ting framework; an anchor holdingmechanism including
an arm pivotable on the framework from an elevated
124 which may be manipulated to deliver pressure ?uid
position to a lowered position, a rail anchor support on
from the conduit 120 to a conduit 125 leading to the 75 the end of the arm movable therewith when the arm is
' 3,095,826
lowered, to a position beneath a rail base to engage the
bottom surface of a rail anchor to hold the rail anchor
against a rail base in position to be forced onto the rail
base; and an anchor applying mechanism on the frame
work including means for forcing the anchor onto the
rail base.
3. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a framework
positionable adjacent a rail of a railroad track or the like;
an anchor positioning mechanism including an arm pivot
able on the framework about an axis generally parallel the
rail and slidable on the framework along the pivot axis, an
anchor positioning device fixed on the end of the arm,
said device including a rail anchor support engageable
with a rail anchor when the arm is pivoted to a lowered
8. An apparatus for applying rail anchors to the base
of a railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame
work, an anchor holding mechanism on the framework in
cluding means for holding a pair of rail anchors in posi
tion against a rail base to be forced thereonto on opposite
sides of a tie, and an anchor applying mechanism movable
on the framework from a ?rst position for forcing one
anchor of said anchors onto the rail base to a second posi
tion for forcing the other anchor onto the rail base.
9. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage
movable along the rails of a railroad track; an anchor
positioning mechanism including a C-shaped frame having
the middle leg hung on the carriage for longitudinal slid
ing movement horizontally and for swinging movement
position thereby to hold the anchor in position against the 15 of the end legs toward and away from a rail to straddle a
tie, an anchor positioner on each end leg, one positioner
movable toward the other, each positioner comprising a
pin engageable with a rail anchor when the frame is
swung toward the rail to hold the anchors in position
applying mechanism on the framework for forcing the 20 against the rail base to be forced thereonto and an abut
ment engageable with an anchor on movement of the posi
anchor onto the rail base.
tioners toward each other to push the anchors against
4. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a framework
opposite sides of a tie; and an anchor applying mecha
positionable on a rail of a railroad track or the like; an
nism longitudinally movable on the carriage between said
anchor positioning mechanism including an arm pivotable
end legs and movable from an elevated position to a low
on the framework about an axis generally parallel to the
ered position adjacent the rail for forcing an anchor onto
rail, an anchor positioning device slidable on the end of
the rail base while held by a positioner.
said arm in a direction parallel to said pivot axis and hav
10. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage
ing an anchor support engageable with a rail anchor when
movable along a railroad track; an anchor holding mech
the arm is pivoted to a lowered position to hold the
anism including an arm pivotable on the carriage from an
anchor in position against the rail base to be forced there
elevated position permitting movement of the carriage
onto and to hold the anchor against a tie ‘on slidable
along the track to a lowered position alongside a rail, and
movement of the device, and means for sliding the device
rail base to be forced thereonto' and including an abutment
engageable with the side of a rail anchor to hold the
anchor against a tie, and means for sliding the arm on the
framework to hold the anchor against a tie; and an anchor
on the arm to hold the anchor against a tie; and an an
an anchor holding device on the end of the arm engage
able with a rail anchor when the arm is swung to the low
chor applying mechanism on the framework for forcing
35 ered position to hold the anchor in position against the
the anchor onto the rail base.
rail base to be forced thereonto; and an anchor applying
5. An apparatus for applying rail anchors to the base
mechanism including a carrier having a shoe engageable
of a'railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame~
with the top of the rail, means supporting the carrier on
work, means on the framework for holding a pair of rail
the carriage for movement from an elevated position per
anchors in position against a rail base to be forced there
mitting movement of the carriage along the track to a
onto on opposite sides of a tie, and an anchor applying
lowered position with said shoe engaging the top of the
mechanism on the framework including means for forcing
rail, an anchor applying member pivoted on the carrier
the anchors onto the rail base while held by the holding
and having a pressure applying portion engageable with
mechanism.
6. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage 45 the rail anchor to force it upwardly onto the rail base,
and means for pivoting the anchor applying member from
movable along the rails of a railroad track; an anchor
a withdrawn position to an anchor applying position.
holding mechanism including a pair of legs swingable on
11. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base
the carriage toward a rail about an axis parallel to the
of a railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame
rail; an anchor holding device on the end of each leg en
work, and an anchor applying mechanism including a car
gageable with a rail anchor when the legs are swung to
rier and means supporting the carrier on the framework
ward the rail to urge the anchor toward the rail and hold
for movement from an elevated position to a lowered
the anchor in position beneath and against the rail to be
position adjacent the rail, a pair of relatively movable
forced onto the rail ‘base; and an anchor applying mecha
jaws on the carrier, one including a downwardly facing
nism on the carriage including means for forcing the
anchors onto the rail base while held by the holding 55 surface engageable with an upwardly facing surface on
the rail and the other including an upwardly facing sur
devices.
face engageable with a downwardly facing surface on a.
7. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage
rail anchor beneath the rail base when the carrier is low
movable along the rails of a railroad track; an anchor
ered, and means for moving the jaws toward each other
positioning mechanism including a C-shaped frame hav
to force the anchor upwardly onto the rail base.
ing the middle leg hung on the carriage for longitudinal
12. An apparatus for applying a rail anchor to the base
sliding movement horizontally and for swinging move
of
a railroad track rail, comprising, a supporting frame
ment of the end legs toward and away from a rail to
work, and an anchor applicator including a frame swing
straddle a tie, an anchor positioner on each leg, one
able on the supporting framework to a lowered position, a
mounted for movement toward the other, each positioner
comprising a pin engageable with an anchor when the 65 ?rst applicator jaw carried by the applicator frame and
having a shoe with a downwardly facing surface engage
frame is swung toward the rail to hold the anchors in
able with an upwardly facing surface on the rail when the
position against the rail base to be forced thereonto and
frame is swung to the lowered position, a second appli
a pusher abutment engageable with the side of an anchor
cator jaw pivo-table on the ?rst jaw and including a pres
on movement of the positioners toward each other to
push the anchors against opposite sides of a tie, and a ?uid 70 sure applying portion with an upwardly facing surface
engageable with the bottom surface of a rail anchor posi
operable device acting between the movable positioner
tioned for application when the frame is swung to the
and its'supporting leg to move the positioners toward each
lowered position, and means acting between ‘the two jaws
other; and an anchor applying mechanism on the carriage
for pivoting said pressure applying portion toward said
for forcing the anchors onto the rail base while held by
75 shoe to force the anchor upwardly onto the rail base.
the positioners.
19
13. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a supporting
framework positionable adjacent a railroad track, and an
anchor applying mechanism including a frame movable
on the framework toward a rail and movable on the frame
prepositioned on a rail base to the base of a railroad
track rail, comprising a supporting framework adapted
for movement along a railroad track, an anchor holding
mechanism mounted on the framework including means
for holding two prepositioned rail anchors against oppo
work longitudinally of the rail, a ?rst applicator jaw car
site sides of a tie, said holding means including a second
ried by the frame including a shoe engageable with one
ary means for moving the two prepositioned anchors in
surface of the rail when the frame is moved toward the
opposite directions longitudinally of the rail for forcing
rail, a second jaw pivoted on the ?rst jaw in opposition
them tightly against opposite sides of said tie in predriving
thereto and engageable with an anchor positioned beneath
the rail base for application when the frame is moved to 10 position, and an anchor applying mechanism mounted on
the framework including a driving means for forcing the
ward the rail, and a ?uid operable piston and cylinder
rail anchors onto the rail base while being held in pre
connected between the jaws for pivoting the second jaw
driving position by said holding means.
in opposition to the ?rst jaw to force the anchor onto the
19. A rail anchor mounting machine for mounting a
rail base.
14. A rail anchor applicator, comprising: a carriage 15 pair of rail anchors upon a rail and in engagement with
the opposite sides of a tie supporting the rail, comprising:
movable along a railroad track, and an anchor applying
a frame; wheels, mounted upon said frame, for support
mechanism including a frame swingable on the carriage
ing said frame upon a railway for movement therealong;
toward and away from rail about a ‘horizontal axis parallel
a pair of clamp members; means for supporting said
to carriage movement, a slide movable downwardly and
upwardly on the frame ‘toward and away from the rail, 1;
carrier pivotable on the slide about a horizontal axis par
allel to the swing axis of the frame, a pair of relatively
movable jaws on the carrier, one engageable with the top
of the rail and the other engageable with a rail anchor
positioned for application when the carrier is lowered to—
ward the rail, and means for moving the jaws toward each
other to force the anchor onto the rail base.
15. A rail anchor applicator, comprising, a pair of ap
clamp members upon said frame for movement between
a normal elevated position above the ties of the railway
and an operating position in which said clamp members
extend below the tops of said ties and are disposed ad
jacent the base ?ange of one rail of said railway; means
25 for moving said clamp members between said normal and
operating positions; power-driven means for moving at
least one of said clamp members relative to said frame
and longitudinally of said one rail and toward the other
of said clamp members to clamp a pair of rail anchors
plicator jaws pivotally connected together, one having a
downwardly facing surface engageable with an upwardly 30 between said clamp members and against opposite sides
facing surface on a rail, and the other having an upwardly
facing surface engageable with a downwardly facing sur
face on a rail anchor positioned beneath the rail base for
of one tie of said railway; a power-driven rail anchor
driving device; means for mounting said driving device
upon said frame for movement between normal positions
displaced from said operating positions of said clamp
application to the base, and means for moving the jaws
toward each other to force the anchor upwardly onto the 35 members and driving positions adjacent said operating
positions of said clamp members and in alignment and
rail base.
engagement with said rail anchors; and power-driven
16. A rail anchor applicator, comprising, a carrier
means for actuating said driving device in its operating
movable toward and away from a rail and having a shoe
positions to force said rail anchors onto the rail.
with a downwardly facing surface engageable with the top
20. An apparatus for positioning and holding two rail
of the rail, an anchor applying member pivoted on the 40
anchors on the base of a railroad track rail on opposite
carrier and having a pressure applying portion with an
sides of a tie preparatory to application of the anchors
upwardly facing surface engageable with a downwardly
to the rail base, comprising, a supporting framework
facing surface of a rail anchor positioned beneath the rail
base for application, spring means normally retaining the 45 adapted for movement along a railroad track, an anchor
holding means mounted on the framework for holding
pressure applying portion in a retracted position, and a
two prepositioned anchors on the rail base on opposite
?uid operable piston and cylinder device for pivoting the
sides of a tie supporting the rail, and an anchor position
anchor applying member from the retracted position to
ing means mounted on the framework for moving the pre
an anchor applying position.
positioned anchors longitudinally of the rail base against
17. An apparatus for applying rail anchors which are
opposite sides of the tie while held by the holding means.
prepositioned on a rail base to the base of a railroad track
rail, comprising a supporting framework adapted for
movement along a railroad track, an anchor holding
mechanism mounted on the framework including means
for holding two prepositioned rail anchors against oppo
site sides of a tie in predriving position, and an anchor
applying mechanism mounted on the framework includ
ing a driving means for forcing the rail anchors onto the
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,575,535
Talboys et al. ________ __ Nov. 20, 1951
2,669,041
Fox et al. ____________ __ Feb. 16, 1954
2,730,962
Wright et al ___________ __ Ian. 17, 1956
rail base while being held in predriving position by said
OTHER REFERENCES
holding means.
18. An apparatus for applying rail anchors which are
Railway Track and Structures Cyclopedia: 1955, 8th
ed., Rail Anchors, chapter 21, pages 297-308.
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