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Патент USA US3095984

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July 2, 1963
A, R, PERlNl
3,095,974
COLLAPSIBLE BOOK RACK
Filed Oct. 27. 1961
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Anthony ??. Perini
INVENTOR.
"ice
United States Patent
1
3,095,974
Patented> July 2, 1 963
2
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tion and showing, in phantom lines, the lmanner in which
books are grouped land racked systematically ltherem.
3,095,974
CQLLAPSIBLE BODK RACK
Anthony R. Perini, 6 Wall St., New Bedford, Mass.
FIGURE 2 isa foreshortened top plan view of the
same.
Filed Get. 27, 1961, Ser. No. 159,473
4 Claims. (Cl. 211-42)
FIGURE 3 is a section ‘on :the vertical line 3-3 of FIG
URE 1 looking in the direction ofthe arrows.
_
FIGURE 4 is an enlarged detail section and elevation
The present invention relates to a simple, practical
and economical openwork rack which is expressly con
on the line 4-4 of FIGURE 3.
`
u
_
’
FIGURE 5 is `an enlarged fragmentary view 1n sec
structed and designed to serve as a rack »for books, maga
zines, newspapers and the like, Kand has reference to a
construction which may rest upon the floor or, `alternative
ly, other support or may be elevated and hung from a wall
or an equivalent vertical support surface.
tion yand elevation on the line 5_5 of FIGURE 2.
.
FIGURE 6 is `a fragmentary perspective view showing
how a projecting end portion of one of the rods serves
as a suspension member.
Referring now to the drawings it will be seen that
More speciñcally the invention `in a preferred embodi
ment thereof is characterized, generally speaking, by a 15 there are two vertical spaced parallel end members which
are here referred to as leg frames 8 and 10, respectively.
horizontally elongated crib-like rack embodying a pair of
Each frame is generally X-shaped in end elevation and
X-shaped leg-frames, a plurality of spaced parallel hori
made up of a pair of complemental legs 12, the cen
zontally disposed rods having their ends connected to the
tral portions lof which are notched and fitted together as
leg-frames. With the leg-frames vertical and the rods
horizontal `and therefore at right >angles to the leg frames, 20 at 14 in FIGURE 6. Also and as perhaps best shown in
FIGURE 4 these notched Icross portions are separably
a V-shaped crib-like rack is provided.
joined by a bolt 16 held in place by Ian accessible wing
A rack having these general ycharacteristics but used
nut 18. Disposed horizontally `and at rightangles to the
as lan album holder is disclosed in la patent identified as
leg frames 8 and 10 `are rack forming rods which are
U.S. Patent 2,331,239 granted to L. L. Schock et al., Octo
25 ordinarily in `-the form lof elongated wooden rounds for
ber 5, 1943.
ydowels. The spaced parallel coplanar lower pair `of rods
The invention also has to do with the construction stated
and wherein a pair of top rods or rod members serve
20 ‘are shown in section FIGURE 3. The ends thereof
are fitted into suitable holes provided therefor in the
not only in connecting the leg frames together but also
respective legs of crossed portions yof the legs. The inter
mediate rods 22 (both at the left and right in FIGURE 3)
have their ends likewise ñtted into holes provided therefor
function to accommodate -a pair of slides. These slides
are alike in construction `and are »adjustable along said rod
toward Vand from each other and function in selectively
usable positions to assist one in bunohing or stacking the
books and then clamping the same in systematic but read
in the legs and are glued or otherwise held in place. The
uppermost rods 24 are circular in cross-section and serve
primarily as mounts for the pair yof spaced parallel strip
ily accessible positions.V In this respect the slides func
or bar members which are here referred to as `slides 26.
tion in a manner similar to book ends `as disclosed in the
The end portions (FIGURE 5) of the slides have circular
generally similar construction identified as the Hackworth
et al. book rack in U.S. Patent 2,134,606 of October 25,
1938.
holes therein as at 28 and the holes are slightly larger than
the cross section of the cooperating rods 24. Metal clips
30 are positioned in intended ‘half-.portions of the holes
28 and suitably embedded in the slides 26 and have arcu
ately bent portions 32 which are springy and slightly un
'
An obvious objective in the instant matter is to struc
turally, functionally and otherwise improve upon lthe above
identified patents and any similarly constructed `and per
forming prior art racks. To this end, simple and prac
tical bar or strip members are `apertured and slidably
mounted and `function as the `aforementioned book group
ing and clamping slides.
der tension and serve 'as friction shoes.
is possible for one to shift or niove the slides closer to
45 gether or farther apart from the outward full line posi
Novelty is also predicated on having the uppermost rod
members mounted so that the end portions project out
wardly beyond their respectively adjacent leg frames,
whereby to provide a practical construction capable of ,
being hung and suspended from hooks or the like.
Then, too, these elongated horizontal rod members have
their respective outer ends permanently `connected with
the cooperating intended upper ends of the legs of the
These friction
shoes serve to engage the rods 24 and consequently it
tions as shown in FIGURES 1 to 3. In other words, one
may ‘adjust the slides to the dotted line positions sho-wn
in FIGURES 1 and 2 Where they serve to bunch la group
of books and in fact may be pressed suiiìciently tight
against [the books to clamp the books against falling or
displacement.
'I'he respective outer end portions of the rods 24 are
extended ‘beyond the holes 34 provided in the legs, as
respective leg frames and it is on these rod members 55 seen in FIGURE 6. These extending end portions 36
project sufñciently far that they serve as convenient sus
that the two slides 'are slidingly mounted. Conversely,
pensio-n terminals and hence may be supported by way
the stated upper rod members are hingedly connected with
of hanger hooks 38 mounted in the wall or other Ver
the respective outer ends of the slides with the result
tical surface 40. This makes it possible to convenient
that -the slides have the additional function of linking the
ly suspend the rack on the wall. For the most part the
left and right sections of the rack together in such a way
rack will rest on the ñoor or other horizontal support
that these sections are capable of being disconnected from
surface as shown in FIG. 1.
each other and spread flatwise in ‘a plane cop‘lanar with
It will bemobvious that by unfastening the crossed
each `other and with said slide for ready handling and
notched portions of the overlapping legs of the respec
transportation.
leg frames 8 and 10, the over-all rack may be col
Other objects, features a-nd yadvantages Will become 65 tive
lapsed. This procedure simply requires removing the
more readily apparent fro-m the `following description Iand
bolts 16 by first detacbing the thumb nuts l8r. Then, the
the accompanying sheet of illustrative, Ibut not restric
notched portions of the legs can be separated sand the leg
tive, drawings.
i.
In the accompanying drawing wherein like numerals
frames can be swung out in a plane common with the
slides 26 or, the parts may be folded or collapsed in any
are employed to designate like parts throughout the views. 70 handy or convenient manner (not shown) for shipping
FIGURE l is an elevational View of a book rack con
and storing. Accordingly, it will be evident that the struc
structed in accordance with the principles o-f the inven
ture, construed as a ready-to-use unit, resembles an open
3,095,974
3
4
work crib-like rack and that the rods 20 are .close to
get-her and provide a sturdy bottom as is eviden-t from
V
cated adjacent -to and just above the plane of the cross
ing portions of the legs of the respective pairs and hav
FIG. 3. Also, the shiftable strip members 26 serve
ing outer ends permanently connected to their respective
not only _as slides -forV variable book assembling and'
legs at the ends of said crib, a second pair of similar
clamping needs, they also function as the means which
horizontal elongated rod mem-bers disposed in a plane
links the two frames or sections (one inclined Vright `to
above the plane of the iirst-named rod members and
left and the 4other inclined left to right in FIG. 3) to
having outer end portions thereof permanently connected
each other. Stated otherwise, Athese `frames are hinged
with their respective upper end portions of the legs of
on and linked together by the slides 26.
the aforementioned pairs .of legs, and a pair of bar mem
l The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the 10 bers disposed at right angles to and having apertured
principles of the invention. Further, since numerous
end portions manually slidable and shiftable along said
modilications and changes will readily occur to `those,
upper rod members, said bar members providing book as
skilled -in the art,y it is not desired to limit the invention
sembling and clamping slides, and also serving to hinged
to exact construction and operation shown and described, n
ly lin'k and connect said rod members to each other in
and accordingly all suitable modifications and equivalents
spaced apart parallel relationship.
may »be resorted to, falling within the scope of the in
3. The structure according to claim 2 and wherein
vention as claimed;
'
What is claimed vas newis as follows:
peripheral portions of the apertures provided in said bar
members are partially lined with 4resilient friction springs,
said spings having friction contact with cooperating sur
tical spaced parallel X-shaped leg frames, each leg frame 20 faces of said second-named -rod members whereby to
comprising a pair Volî crossed interlocked separably fas
permit the bar members to be individually or conjointly
tened legs, a »first pair of relatively low horizontal paral
adjusted toward and from each other or toward and from
1. A portable book rack comprising a pair of ver
lel contiguous rod members having their respective outer
ends connected to the respective legs of the crossed por-`
the respective vertical leg :frames and frictionally heldA
in adjusted position.
tions of the respective leg frames, a second pair of upper 25
4. The structure according to claim 2 and wherein the
horizontal rod members having ltheir end portions con
respective outer end portions »of said second-named rod
Anected to the upper ends of their respective legs of the
members project outwardly and beyond the adjacent out
respective leg frames and projecting outwardly beyond
er surfaces of the respective cooperating legs, said pro
said legs, a plurality of intermediate rod members ar
jecting end portions being adapted to accommodate and
30
ranged in planes between the upper rod members and
be engaged with suspension hooks or the like on a sta
lower -rod members and connected at their ends to their
tionary vertical wail whereby said rack is thus suspended
respective legs of the respective leg frames and provid
for use from said vertical-wall.
ing a crib-like- book rack, and a pairV of bar members
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
disposed at right angles to and yhaving apertured end por
tions frictionally slida‘ole along said upper ‘rod members. 35
2. A book Vrack comprising an openwork crib nor
mally open at its top and a pair of vertical spaced paral
lel X-shaped leg :frames each the same in construction
and embodying a pair of companion legs having their
respective median portions crossing eachother and sep sh C
UNITED sTATEs PATENTS
524,658
934,148
arably fastened together in a manner delîning said X
shaped leg frames, a rirst pair of relatively low elongated
Yrod members disposed in close-spaced parallelism, 1o
Washburn __________ .__ Aug. 14, 18'94
Duif _______________ __ Sept. 14, 1909
2,134,606
Haokworth __________ _.- Oct. 25, 1938
2,331,239
2,583,306
Schock _______________ __ Oct. 5, 1943
Royer _______________ _.. Jan. 22, 1952
281,921
Great Britain s _____________ __ of 1927
»
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