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Патент USA US3096007

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Juiy 2, 1963
A. J. GARVIN
3,095,997
DEVICE FOR VENDING CYLINDRICAL OBJECTS
Filed May 26. 1961
T2
/
47 3433 45 37
FIG.’
FIG. 2
lnven tor
ALEX JAMES GARVIN
by: W
United States Patent 0 " ice
assess?
Patented July 2, 1963
3
2?.
3,695,997
lower frame 23 of exterior case 10. The plurality of
baiiles 24 rigidly secured to the side of hopper case 13
extend from the front and from the back of hopper case
DEVECE FOR VENDiNG CYLh‘QDRICAL
(BBECTS
Alex James Garvin, Scarborough, Gntario, Canada, as“
Signor, by mesne assignments, to §uperpaclr Vending
(Curacao), N.A., Willemstad, Curacao, N.A., a corpo
ration of Curacao
Filed May 26, 1961, Ser. No. 112,396
8 Claims. (Cl. 23-11%)
18 sloping downwardly and inwardly substantially toward
the centre of hopper case 18 in an alternate manner.
The dispensing mechanism 12 located immediately sub
jacent to hopper case 18 comprises the mechanism case
having a substantially open con?guration being rigidly
secured within exterior case 10 and adapted to support
10 the operating elements of dispensing mechanism 12. A
downwardly converging chute is formed within mech
This invention relates to package vending devices and
anism case 25 by upper ba?le plate 26, agitating rocker
particularly to vending devices adapted to selectively dis
assembly shown generally at 27, and lower ba?le plate
pense cylindrical objects having a uniform size.
28 whereby articles 29 stored within hopper case 18 and
In the dispensing of cylindrical objects from vending
machines, the problem of providing a smooth feed without 15 the upper portion of mechanism case 25 are reduced to
a single vertical stack shown generally at 30 substantially
jamming is not solved by the use of a simple gravity feed
towards
the rear of mechanism case 25.
alone. Space requirements for the vending machine re
quire the use of a substantially vertical hopper within
which the objects due to con?ned storage tend to jam
across a narrow portion of the hopper.
It is the main object of this invention to provide a
vending device which is adapted to store a quantity of
cylindrical objects and to selectively dispense the objects
upon the manual operation of a control lever.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a vend
ing device having an article storage hopper which by
compartmentation will prevent the articles contained there
in from becoming jammed in any portion of the storage
or dispensing system.
Coin slide 17 secured to the lower front portion of
mechanism case 25 comprises an immovable body por
tion 31 and a movable slide 32. The inner end of slide
32 terminates in rigid attachment with projector plate 33
having a downwardly formed lip 34. Upon the manual
movement of slide 32 inwardly lip 34 dislodges the lower
most article 35 from stack 30 and out an opening shown
generally at 36 in mechanism case 25 whereupon article
35 drops into the space provided between mechanism case
25 and exterior case It} to fall upon a downwardly and
forwardly sloping tray 37 from whence it is deposited
through an opening 38 in the lower portion of exterior
It is a further object of this invention to provide a 30 case It} into dispensing tray 39.
vending machine which being operable by the insertion
of a coin therein will automatically refuse the coin upon
the storage hopper being empty.
A horizontally disposed pin 4t} rigidly secured to pro
jector plate 33 projects through the horizontal slot 41
in the side wall of mechanism case 25 to terminate in
Locker assembly
It is a further object of this invention to provide a
vending machine which incorporates ‘an automatically 35 27 pivotally mounted to mechanism case 25 about a mid
point has a lower extremity thereof rigidly secured to a
operated sifting mechanism in the dispensing throat of
pin 43 which projects through a slot 44 formed in the
the device in order to prevent jamming of the vended
side wall of mechanism case 25. Pin 43‘ is rotatably
articles therein.
secured to the upper end of link 42 whereby manual
These and other objects and features of this invention
will become apparent when taken in conjunction with 40 movement of slide 32 will through link 42 cause a rock
the following speci?cation and accompanying drawings.
rotatable attachment with a link 42..
ing motion of rocker assembly 27 thus agitating articles
29 within the lower portion of hopper 13. thereby pre
venting a jamming of articles 29 in the converging portion
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the vending device
of mechanism case 25.
.
showing the exterior features thereof; and,
45
The
upper
face
of
rocker
assembly
27
being
concave
FIGURE 2 is a mid-vertical section through the vend
imparts a rolling motion to articles 29 resting thereon
ing device taken along the line 2-2 in FIGURE 1.
whereby horizontal as well as vertical movement is im
Referring to FIGURE 1, the vending device comprises
parted to articles 29 thus eliminating any tendency to
exterior case 19 having a substantially rectangular con
?guration :adapted to encompass a hopper shown generally 50 jam due to gravity feed alone.
A coin refusal mechanism located below coin slide
at 11 in the upper portion, a dispensing mechanism shown
17
comprises a balance arm 45 pivotally secured to the
generally at 12 below hopper 11, a coin collector box
side
walls of mechanism case 25 by pin 45 substantially
shown generally at 13 positioned below dispensing mech
at the mid-point thereof. A pressure plate 47 located im
anism I2, and an article dispensing chute shown gen
mediately below stack 3b is rigidly secured to one end of
erally at 14 located below collector box 13 in the lowest
balance arm 45 whereby pressure of ‘articles 29 upon pres
portion of exterior case 10. Hopper II and collector
box 13 are provided with tumbler locks 15 and 16 respec
tively whereby a tamper-proof access is provided to hop
per 11 in order to replenish the supply ‘of vended articles
sure plate 47 will hold the coin refusal mechanism in an
inoperative position. Upon hopper 11 and dispensing
mechanism 12 being empty of articles 29 a counter-balance
weight 48 rigidly secured to the distal end of balance arm
and to remove collected coins stored within collector box 60
4-5 will by gravimetric pull cause pressure plate 47 to
13.
move upwardly to impinge upon lip 34 of projector plate
A conventional push-pull coin slide 17 is provided
33 to prevent the inward movement of slide 32 thus re
mounted ‘on the exterior face of dispensing mechanism 12
fusing an oifered coin.
for the purpose of receiving coins and operating the in
Lip 49 formed upwardly along the rear edge of pres
ternal mechanism.
65 sure plate 47 retains lowermost article 35 from being ac
Referring to FIGURE 2, the internal detail comprises
a hopper case 18 having a substantially rectangular cross
section being rigidly secured within exterior case It). The
hopper door 19 providing the exterior portion ‘of hopper
11 is shown in the normally closed position being held
by an upper lip 20 of the door 19 impinging on frame
21 of exterior case 10, and being held at the lower end
by arm 22, connected to the lock 15, impinging upon
cidently dislodged and thus dispensed, the pressure of lip
34 on projector plate 33 however being su?icient to over
come the slight resistance o?ered by lip 49 upon normal
‘dispensing being desired.
A vertically positioned tube 53 arrests the horizontal
movement of coins passing through coin slide 17 there
by all-owing coins to drop through a hole 51 in the bottom
3,095,997
fl
of mechanism case 25 into; collector box 13. A remov
able tray 52 in collector box 15 is locked in the normally
closed position by means of lock 16.
_
W
' Having particular regard to‘ the foregoing, it will be
appreciated that the vending device comprises an upper
storage hopper provided with b'a?ling means whereby hor
therefrom simultaneously with movement of said coin
slide in said one direction; and a dispensing chute located
subjacent to said channel.
3. A device for vending cylindrical articles compris
ing: a hopper of substantially rectangular cross-section
having sides spaced apart a distance substantially equal
izontal as Well as vertical storage of essentially cylindrical
to the length of the longest of said articles and front and
articles may :be contained which terminates at the lower
back wall portions spaced apart a distance greater than
portion thereof in a single vertical stack of articles which
the diameter of said articles and de?ning the Width of
are adapted to be dispensed in single fashion by manual 10 said hopper; at least one ba?le in said hopper extending
operation of a coin slide.
from one of said wall portions in a downwardly sloping
'A rocker assembly in communication with the coin
manner substantially toward the middle of said hopper;
slide by linkage means imparts a ‘forced horizontal motion
a channel located subjacent to said hopper converging
to the articles thereby preventing jamming due to a ver
from a‘width substantially equal to said hopper’ to a
tical gravity feed.
15 width substantially equal to the diameter of said articles
A gravity operated :coin refusal device is incorporated
forming said articles therein into a stack; an agitator in-'
corporated in said channel comprising a pivotally sup—
fused upon the dispenser being empty of contents. VIn
ported plate member having ‘a concave upper surface
addition, tamper-proof closures are provided for the re
oriented to contact at least some of said articles therein;
plenishing of vended articles and for the collection of
an operable coin slide in communication with said agita
tor; linkage means pivotally connected to said coin slide. What I claim is:
.
'
and to said agitator and transmitting motion of said coin
l. A device for vending cylindrical articles comprising:
slide in one direction to said agitator to partially rotate
a hopper of substantially rectangular cross-section having
the same in one direction and transmitting motion of
sides spacedrapart a distance substantially equal to the 25 said coin slide in the other direction to said agitator to
length of said articles and [front and back wall portions
partially rotate the same in the reverse ‘direction, said
spaced apart a distance greater than the diameter of said
rotation of said agitator procuring simultaneous move
articles and de?ning the Width of said hopper; at least
ment of said ‘articles in said hopper; an article delivery
one bathe in said. hopper extending from one of said wall
member attached to said'coin slide for movement to?
within the dispensing mechanism whereby coins are re
coins.
'
'
portions in a downwardly sloping manner substantially 30 *gether therewith and oriented in ‘alignment with the lower
toward the middle of said hopper; a channel located sub
most article in said stack to move the same therefrom
jacent to said hopper converging from a width substan
simultaneously with movement of said coin slide in said
tially equal to said hopperto a width substantially equal
one direction; and a dispensing chute located subjacent
to the diameter of said articles forming said articles therein
to said channel.
'
'
into. a stack; an agitator incorporated in said channel and 35 v 4. A ‘device for vending cylindrical articles compris
pivotally mounted for see~saw movement relative there
rngzi a hopper of substantially rectangular cross-section
to; an operable coin slide in communication with said
having sides spaced apart a distance substantially equal
agitator; linkage means pivotally connected to said coin
to the length of the longest of said articles and front and
slide and to said agitator and transmitting motion of said
back _wall portions spaced apart a distance greater than
_ coin slide in one direction to said agitator to displace the 40 the diameter of said articles and de?ning the width of said
same and transmitting motion of said coin slide in the
hopper; at least one ba?le in said hopper extending from
‘reverse direction to said agitator to return the same, said
one of said wall portions in a downwardly sloping manner
movement of said agitator procuring simultaneous move
substantially toward the middle of said hopper; a channel
ment of said articles in said hopper; an article delivery
located subjacent to said hopper converging from 1a width
member attached to said coin slide for movement to 45 substantially equal to said hopper to a Width substantial
gether therewith and oriented in alignment with the lower
ly equal to the diameter of said articles forming said ar
most article in said stack to move the same ther'e?rom
simultaneously with movement ‘of said coin slide in said
one direction; and a dispensing chute located subjacent
to said channel.
V
2. A device for vending cylindrical articles compris
ing: a hopper of substantially rectangular cross-section
having sides spaced apart a distance substantially equal'to
trcles therein into a stack; an agitator incorporated in
said channel comprising a pivotally supported plate mem
her having a concave upper surface oriented to contact
50 at least some of said articles therein whereby pivotal
movement of said agitator w‘ impart a rolling movement
to some of said articles; an operable coin slide in com
mumcation with said agitator; linkage means pivotally
the length of said articles and front and back wall por
connected to said coin slide and to said agitator and trans
tions spaced apart a distance greater than the diameter of 55 mrttrngmotion of said coin slide in one direction to said
said articles and de?ning the width of said hopper; at
agitator to partially rotate the same in‘ one directionyand
least one ba?ie in said hopper extending from one of said
transmitting ‘motion of said coin slide‘ in the other direc—
wall portions in a downwardly sloping manner substantial
tion to said agitator to partially rotate the same in the
ly toward the middle of said hopper; a channel located
subjacent to said hopper converging ‘from a width sub
stantially equal to said hopper to a width substantially
equal to the diameter of said articles forming said articles
therein into a stack; an agitator incorporated in said
channel and pivotally mounted for see-saw movement rela
tive thereto; ‘an operable coin slide in communication
with said agitator; link-age means pivotally connected to
said coin slide and to said agitator and transmitting motion
reverse direction, said rotation of said agitator procur
rng sm_iultaneous movement of said articles in said hopper;
an article delivery member attached to said coin slide for
movement together therewith and oriented in alignment
with the lowermost article in said stack to move the same
therefrom ‘simultaneously with movementlof said coin
shde in said one direction and a dispensing chute located
subjacent to said channel.
'
' 5. A device for vending cylindrical articles compris
of said coin slide in one direction to said agitator to dis
rngzi a hopper'of substantially rectangular cross-section
place the same and transmitting motion of said coin slide
having sides spaced apart a distance substantially equal tov
in the reverse direction to said agitator to return the 70 the length of the longest of said articles and trout and
same, said movement‘of said agitator procuring simul
back wall portions spaced apart a distance greater than
the diameter of said articles and de?ning the width of
said hopper; the shortest of said articles having a length
ment together therewith ‘and oriented in alignment with
greater than ?-fty percent of the length of the longest of
the lowermost article in said stack to move the same 75
said articles; at least one ha?ie in said hopper extending
taneous movement of said articles in said hopper; an ar
ticle delivery member attached to said coin slide for move—
3,095,997
5
from one of said wall portions in a downwardly sloping
manner substantially toward the middle of said hopper;
a channel located subjacent to said hopper converging
from a width substantially equal to said hopper to a
width substantially equal to the diameter of said ‘articles
forming said articles therein into a stack; an ‘agitator in
corporated in said channel comprising a pivotally sup
ported plate member having a concave upper surface
oriented to contact at least some of said articles therein;
an operable coin slide in communication With said agita
tor; linkage means pivotally connected to ‘said coin slide
and to said agitator and transmitting motion of said
sides spaced apart a distance substantially equal to the
length of said articles and front and back vwall portions
spaced apart a distance greater than the diameter of
said articles and de?ning the width of said hopper; at
least one baffle in said hopper extending from one of said
wall portions in a downwardly sloping manner substan—
tially toward the middle of said hopper; a channel lo
cated subjacent to said hopper converging from a width
substantially equal to said hopper to a width substantially
equal to the diameter of said articles forming said articles
therein into a stack; an agitator plate member incor
porated in said channel pivotally mounted for rocking
movement about a central axis, said agitator having an
coin slide in one direction to said agitator to partially
upper face on each side of said axis and, ‘contacting at
rotate the same in one direction and transmitting motion
of said ‘coin slide in the other direction to said agitator 15 least some of said articles on each said side to impart
a rocking motion thereto; a coin slide operable ‘from
to partially rotate the same in the reverse direction, said
the exterior of said device on a linear path; linkage means
rotation of said ‘agitator procuring simultaneous move
connected to ‘said coin slide and to said agitator remote
ment of said ‘articles in said hopper; an article delivery
‘from- said axis and transmitting linear movement of said
member attached to said coin slide for movement together
coin slide to said agitator as ‘a rocking movement thereof
therewith and oriented in alignment with the lowermost
about its said axis; an article deli-very member attached
article in said stack to move the same therefrom simul
to said coin slide and moving together therewith to move
taneously with movement of said coin slide in said one
a said article in a direction substantially normal to the
direction; and a dispensing chute located subjacent to
axis of said channel; and a dispensing chute located sub
said channel.
6. A device for vending cylindrical articles comprising:
a hopper of substantially rectangular cross-section having
jacent to said channel.
8. A device for vending cylindrical articles comprising:
a hopper of substantially rectangular cross-section hav
ing sides spaced apart a distance substantially equal to the
length of the longest of said articles and front and back
wall portions spaced apart a distance greater than the
diameter of said articles and de?ning the Width of said
hopper; at least one ba?ie in said hopper extending from
sides spaced apart a distance substantially equal to the
length of the longest of said ‘articles and front and back
Wall portions spaced apart a distance ‘greater than the
diameter of said articles and de?ning the width of said
hopper; the shortest of said articles having a length
greater than ?fty percent of the length of the longest of
one of said Wall portions in a downwardly sloping man
said articles; at least one baffle in said hopper extending
ner substantially toward the middle of said hopper; a
‘from one of said wall portions in a downwardly sloping
channel located subjacent to said hopper converging from
manner substantially toward the middle of said hopper;
a width substantially equal to said hopper to a width
a channel located subjacent to said hopper converging
substantially equal to the diameter of said articles form
trom a width substantially equal to said hopper to a
ing said articles therein into a stack; an agitator plate
width substantially equal to the diameter of said larticles
member pivotally mounted adjacent said channel ‘for
forming said articles therein into a stack; :an agitator in
corporated in said channel comprising a pivotally sup 40 rocking movement about a central axis thereof and hav
ing plate portions extending from either side of said axis,
ported plate member having ‘a concave upper surface
oriented to contact at least some of said articles therein;
said agitator having a concave upper surface for contact
tator to partially rotate the same in the reverse direc
of said coin slide to said agitator plate member as a
movement of said articles in said hopper; an article de
livery member attaohed to said coin slide for movement
livery member attached to said coin slide and moving
ing at least some of said ‘articles on each side of said
an operable coin slide in communication with said agi
axis; a coin slide operable from the exterior of said de
tator; linkage means pivota-lly connected to said coin
slide and to said agitator and transmitting motion of 45 vice on a linear path; a linkage bar having one end piv
otal-1y fastened to said coin slide and the other end piv
said coin slide in one direction to said agitator to partially
otally fastened to one of said agitator plate portions re
rotate the same in one direction and transmitting mo
mote from said axis and transmitting linear movement
tion of said ‘coin slide in the other direction to said agi
tion, said rotation of said agitator procuring simultaneous 50 rocking movement thereof about said axis; an article de
together therewith and oriented in alignment with the
lowermost article in said stack to move the same there
from simultaneously with movement of said coin slide 55
in said one direction; a gravity operated coin slide lock
held inoperative by pressure of said articles within said
channel; and a dispensing chute located subjacent to said
channel.
7. A device for vending cylindrical articles comprising
a hopper of substantially rectangular cross-section having
together therewith to move a said article in a direction
substantially normal to the axis of said channel; and a
dispensing chute located subjacent to said channel.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,281,920
1,566,626
2,136,089
Ericson ______________ __ Oct. 15, 1918
Steele _______________ __ Dec. 22, 1925
Stone ________________ __ Nov. 8, 1938
2,872,009
Ridings et al __________ __ Feb. 3, 1959
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