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Патент USA US3096050

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July 2, 1963
w. P. TAYLOR, JR
3,096,040
HAND WINDER FOR FLEXIBLE MATERIAL
Filed June 14, 1960-
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
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ATTORNEYS‘
July 2, 1963
w. P. TAYLOR, JR
3,096,040
HAND WINDER FOR FLEXIBLE MATERIAL
Filed June 14, 1960
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
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ATTORNEYS
July 2, 1963
w. P. TAYLOR, JR
3,096,040
HAND WINDER FOR FLEXIBLE MATERIAL
Filed June 14, 1960 '
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WA/E‘r
BY ‘6% AM
INVENTOR
ffV/ar. Tr:
United States Patent O?ice
2
1
3,096,040
HAND
ER FOR FLEFLE MATERIAL
Walter P. Tayler, Ira, 42—44 12th St,
Long island City, N.Y.
Filed June 14, 196i}, Ser- No. 36,663
7 Claims. (Cl. 242-4351)
3,095,646
Patented July 2,‘ 1963
tion will generally pay out freely when pulled and will
stop itself when the pull ceases, the spring of the line
which resists closure of its loop, the torque required for
equalizing the twists from the two hights, and the tric
tion at the payout hole combining to resist run~out.
A turther object of the invention is to provide a
holder for the wound package which is light in weight
and easy to carry, and which holds the formed package
The invention relates to devices ‘for winding or retriev
in such a way that it pays out readily.
ing medium lengths ‘of ?exible linear substances such as
:Further objects and advantages of the invention will
wire, coaxial cable, air or fluid hose, wire rope, rope, 10
ribbon, tape, fuse, welding rod, and the like; and es
pecially to devices which form such substances into
packages that provide e?icient dispensing or payout; as
well as to holders for such packages.
The primary object ‘of this invention is to provide 15
ef?cient means for carrying to location, laying out or
installing, and then retrieving, ready to repeat the cycle,
lines such, for one instance, as those used with por_
table recording or other electric equipment.
Another object is to provide means for forming such
lines into packages in ?gure eight conformation so that
the line can be payed out without twist or kink, the
package will control its own rate of feed, and will re
quire no rotation.
appear more fully from the following description especial
ly when taken in conjunction with the accompanying
drawings, which ‘form a part thereof.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 shows in side elevation a ‘hand winder embody
ing the invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-section on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a cross-section on the line 3—3‘ of ‘FIG.
4, through a modi?ed form of hand winder;
FIG. 4 is a side view of such a winder, with the cover
removed;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a detail;
FIG. 6 is a top plan view of the locking plate;
FIG. 7 shows in side elevation, with parts broken
Another object is to provide a frame onto which line 25 away, another modi?ed type of winder;
FIG. 8 is a cross-section on the line 8—8 of FIG. 7;
can be wound by hand in a ?gure eight conformation,
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of the locking means
the frame being then Wholly or partly collapsible to al
thereof.
low removal of the wound package and for e?icient stor
In the form of FIGS. 1 and 2, there is a shank com
There is a shortage .of practicable mechanical aids for 30 posed of a handle 2 having an upwardly extending pad
dle section 4. In a slot 6 in the paddle section are piv
laying out or retrieving relatively short lengths of linear
age.
substance, lengths generally limited by the weight of any
substance which can be carried or wound by hand com
oted on common axes 8 two ?exible-material-receiving
members or supports 1d, which are of arcuate cross
section. These two members can swing between an op
fortably. The shortcomings of reels for this purpose 35
erative position, shown in solid lines, in which their lon
are considerable and generally lead to hand coiling meth
gitudinal axes 12 lie in planes forming an obtuse angle
ods which leave the line and its connectors exposed to
with each other, and the inoperative position, shown in
damage between installations and in a snarled condition
dotted lines, in which their longitudinal axes are parallel.
preceding reinstallation. In addition, the coils must be
unwound by hand turning to prevent self damage and 40 The paddle member 4, which lies in a plane transverse to
the longitudinal axes of member 10, also extends beyond
the dangers to personnel that result from twist, and con
the pivot 8 and has a saddle-shaped portion with a sur
sequent kink, in the line. Both installing and retrieving
face 14 for receiving ?exible material as it is wound on
are time-consuming and ‘generally unsatisfactory.
the device. This surface faces upwardly (FIG. 1) or
In place of present methods, this invention provides
oppositely to the obtuse angle between the supports 10,
(1) a frame on which the line can be wound in ?gure
which ‘faces downwardly.
eights and which can be collapsed for removal and
Means are provided for releasably holding ‘the mem
storage; and (2) a ?gure eight wound package of line
bers It) \in operative position, comprising a resilient metal
which controls itself by paying out :treely in response to
strip 16 secured to one of the members and having a
pull on the line but stops payout when the pull ceases
and which, without rotation, pays out a twistless line. 50 hooked end 18 engageable through a slot in lug 20 ?xed
to the other member 14}. By pushing the hooked end
The elements required for an e?‘icient ?gure eight hand
downwardly, the members 10 may be released and col
winder are: ?rst, handle, for the operator; second, top
lapsed to the position shown in broken lines in FIG. 2.
and bottom supports, which hold the line. These can
In this form of the invention, the starting end of the
be separated and can include intermediate supports, can
line is held along the handle by the operator’s left hand,
be combined in one piece, or can be split and placed
the paddle pointing up and the pieces 1!} parallel to his
on either side ‘of a divider. Third, the divider, which
shoulders. With the right hand providing tension, the
separates the two bights or groups of loops, which can
operator leads the line up to and across the surface 14-,
be the handle, and usually includes the starting end of
the line. Fourth, means to assist removal of the winder
then down to that side of the left support which is away
from the wound package; and, fifth, means to collapse
the device for storage.
The chief characteristics of the wound package coil
from him, around the support by coming toward himself
and back up to the surface 14. The left hand helps in
doing this by leaning the paddle toward the right and
making a circular recovery motion that assists in bring
ing the line taut around the left support. Then, a simi
equal groups of loops, separated by the payout line, to
form a payout hole area and, (b) a rounded bump area 65 lar turn is taken outward, down, in, and up around the
right hand lower support. This process is continued on
where the crossovers are’concentrated. These two com
alternate sides until the winder is loaded or the line all
bine to form the line into ?gure 'eights which pay out
wound. The cross-overs of the ?gure 8 coil so wound
a twistless, and hence a kinkless, line without rotation
engage the surface 14.
of the package. The overall shape of such coils can be
Next, the wound package is removed from the winder.
distorted in any direction by the shaping of the winding 70
This is made possible by releasing the two supports so
frame.
that they can hinge upward. A cord passed between
Experience has shown that a line wound in this torma~
according to the invention are: (:2), its division into two
"
3,096,040
4
either bight and the face of the paddle just above one
of the supports and pulled upward in a loop helps to
this is su?icieut to allow removal of a wound package
and only the one need be reraised. This action can be
remove the package and at the same time hold it in for
arranged for by elongating one of slots 68 in plate 50 of
mation while maintaining the division between bights.
one of the narrower arms 4% at its end nearest link 66.
The ‘same cord helps in pulling the wound package into a
a container for storage and payout or will hold it until
tape, a rubber band or a tie can be fastened around the
This will allow the link 66 to release only one of that pair
of arms while the other remains locked. The arcuate slot
allows the other pair of arms to remain operable unless
the lever is pulled down far enough to cause all to be
released.
outside of the package to retain it, the starting end
maintaining the hole or division between bights, ready
for payout.
10
,
In theform of FIGS. 3 to 6, there are four pivoted
?eXible-material-receiving members, ‘two at each end of
the handle.
The handle or shank is composed of a hollow frame
30 composed of two parts held together by pins 32, 34.
The side walls are cut away at each corner to provide
notches 36, land the ends are closed, except for these
notches, by caps 38.
The ?exible-material-receiving
members are in the form of arms 40, 42 having cross
pieces 44 pivotally engaged in‘ notches 36, where they are
held by cap 38, and spaced legs 46. Cross pieces 44 have
welded to them a plate member 48.
Slidable longitudinally in each end of the casing are
assemblies of the type shown in FIG. 6. This consists of
Or, on a small version of the device, one or more arms
could be resiliently bendable to allow removal of the
package without mechanical collapse.
Another version, possibly for knitting yarn or string,
which, both in order to compact the package and to keep
the substance in small enough loops so that its natural
spring can assist them to avoid intertwining with one ‘an
other, would :be too short to allow use of its shank as
a handle can be made usable by the addition of a vfolding
handle. This handle could be formed from two pieces
which could fold along the sides through which levers 64
protrude, being hinged, as on rivet 32, and holding the
winding device ?rmly for operation when squeezed to
gether by the operator’s hand.
'
" In the vform of FIGS. 7 'to 9, the handle is formed of
two plates 50 held together slidably, with lugs 52 stuck 25 plates 70 connected by pins 72. The four arms 74 are
pivoted on the pins 72, and secured to the pivot sections
out from the plates. The side edges of the plates are
of the arms ‘are discs 76, separated by a central plate 78.
bent at right angles to ‘form holding or locking members
Looking members 80, one for each arm, are slidably
'54. Rods 56 extend through holes in the lugs 52 of
guided between handle plates 70 and central plate- 78,
bothpjplates, and are surrounded by compression coil
‘springs 58, thus constantly urging the plates into lock 30 and are pushed outwardly by springs 82. Members 80
have ?nger pieces 84 extending out through slots 86 in
ing position, in which, as seen in FIG. 3, the ‘locking
vthe plates 70.
members 54 block plates 48 of the arms and thus hold
The outer ends of locking members 80 have rectangu- '
the arms in operative position in which the longitudinal
lar reduced portions 88 (FIG. 9) which can “engage in
axesrof each pair of arms lie in planes forming obtuse
'angles with each other, while the longitudinal axes of 35 rectangular notches 90 in discs 76 ‘for locking the arms
74 in operative opened position, or in curved notches 92
the arms, one of each pair, on the same side of the shank,
for holding the arms in collapsed position. The latter
'lie in planes forming an angle with each other.
notches allow the opening of the arms without moving
Release of the arms is produced by movement of a
the locking members manually, merely by pulling the
'lever 60 pivoted on pin 34 and having end portions ex
tending out of the handle through slots 62 and provided 4:0 arms out from the collapsed position. On‘ the other
hand, pressure on the arms in raised position cannot col
with ?nger pieces 64. A link 66 is pivoted at one end to
lever 60 and at the other end in slot 68 in one pair of
lapse them.
Preferably, the disc is ‘slightly cut away at '96, at the
the plates 50. On the other side of pin 34, a similar link
inlet'slide of notch 90, so that, as the ‘arm is turned to
67, which is pivoted in a slot 68 in the other pair of plates
‘50, engages in an arcuate slot 70 in lever 60.
operative position (‘counter-clockwise in FIG. 9), projec
Assuming the arms to 'be in operative position, the
tion 88 will strike the trailing (left-hand) wall of the
notch, so that the member 88 can thensnap into the
user grasps the handle and the free end of the material
to be wound in/one hand and, by manipulation of the
Obviously, winding ‘could be accomplished on a device
device in a way generally similar to that described in
connection with FIGS. 1 and 2, windsla series of ?gure 8 50 of this type and the package formed could be removed
coils. The loops of the ?gure 8 coil are formed around‘
from it even if all of the ‘arms were not collapsible, al
notch.
the two arms 4% or 42 at one end of the handle, while
,
-
though the carrying of the ‘device would not be as simple. 7
the arms at the other end 'form an oppositely facing sur
Even permitting'one arm to collapse would be su?ioient
face which is engaged by the cross-overs. When the
for these purposes.
a
wound material is to be removed, the lever 60 is swung 55
While I have described herein some embodiments of
clockwise (FIG. 4). This ?rst pulls the upper pair of
my invention, I Wish it to be understood that I do not
plates 50 downward and, slightly thereafter (because of
the sliding of the linkin arcuate slot, 70) pulls the lower
‘intend to limit myself thereby except within the scope of
the claims hereto or hereinafter appended.’ '
pair of plates 50 upward. These movements remove
I claim:
' .
members '54 from their blocking positions and allow the 60
1. A hand winder for winding ?exible material into
legs 40, 42 to collapse towards each other to an inopera
a series of ?gure-8 coils, comprising a shank, at least two
tive position to allow removal of the wound material.
?exible-material-receiving members extending from said
Arms '40, which are narrower than arms 42 as shown‘ in
shank, means pivoting said members on said shank for
FIG. 4, are allowed to collapse ?rst in order that arms
42 can overlie them as shown in broken lines in FIG. 3.
When lever 60 is released, plates 50 move apart and
lmembers 54 then resiliently limit the movement of the
collapsed arms 40, 42 by engaging plates 48 on their
other sides (see dotted lines in FIG. 3). However, when
any arm is pulled out to operative position, its part 48
, cams down plates 54 until they can snap back into the
movement about at least one axis transverse to the longi
tudinal axis of the shank between an operative position
in which their longitudinal axes liein planes forming an
obtuse angle with each other and a released position in
which the longitudinal axes lie'closer to the longitudinal
axis of the shank, and releasablemeans for holding the
receiving members in operative ‘position, the pivoting
means pivoting the two receiving members’ being at. a
locking position shown in FIG. 3..
common point on the shank so as to extend in opposite
To facilitate winding a number of packages, one after
directions therefrom and the shank having an extension‘
another, it is sometimes handier to collapse only one arm,
while the other three remain in operable position, as 75 beyond said common ‘point having an end surface of
3,096,040
5
saddle shape extending transversely to the common‘ plane
of the longitudinal axis of the receiving members.
2. A hand Winder for winding ?exible material into a
series of ?gure 8 coils, comprising a shank, two pairs of
?exible-material-receiving members, means pivoting said
pairs of members on the shank at opposite ends thereof
for movement between an operative position in which the '
longitudinal axes of the members of each pair lie in
planes forming obtuse angles with each other and the
longitudinal ‘axes of the two members, one of each pair, 10
on the same side of the shank lie in planes forming an
angle with each other and a released position in‘ which
the longitudinal axes lie closer to the longitudinal axis of
6. A hand winder for winding ?exible material into a
series of ?gure '8 coils, comprising a shank, two pairs of
?exible-material-receiving members, means mounting said
pairs of members on the shank at opposite ends thereof
in the position in which the longitudinal axes of the mem
bers of each pair lie in planes forming obtuse angles with
each other, said mounting means permitting movement of
at least one of the members of one pair for collapsing
movement towards the corresponding member of the
other pair to permit removal of a wound package.
7. A hand winder for winding ?exible material into a
series of ?gure 8 coils, comprising a shank, at least two
?exible-material-receiving members extending from said
the shank, and releasable means for holding the receiving
shank, means mounting said members on the shank in a
members in operative position.
position in which the longitudinal axes of the members
lie in planes forming an obtuse angle with each other, said
shank having a ?exible-material-receiving part mounted
thereon with a surface facing oppositely to said obtuse
angle and located at a distance along said shank from
said mounting means in the direction of the apex of said
obtuse angle, said mounting means permitting movement
3. A device as claimed in claim 2, in which said releas
able means are in the shank.
4. A ‘device as claimed in claim 3, in‘ which the pivot
means allows the members in released position to lie
alongside the shank.
5. A hand winder for winding ?exible material into a
series of ?gure 8 coils, comprising a shank, at least two
?exible-material-receiving members extending from said
shank, means pivoting said members on said shank for
movement between an operative position in which their
longitudinal axes lie in planes forming an obtuse angle
with each other and a released position in which the lon
gitudinal axes lie substantially parallel with each other,
said shank having ‘a ?exible-material-receiving part mount
ed thereon with a surface facing oppositely to said obtuse 30
angle and located at a distance along said shank from
said pivot means in the direction of the apex of said
obtuse angle, the cross-overs of a ?gure 8 coil wound on
said device engaging said surface.
of at least one of the members for collapsing movement
towards said surface to permit removal of a wound pack
age.
References (Jited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,005,155
1,040,740
1,365,762
1,728,106
2,423,533
2,677,510
Chatillon ____________ __ Oct. 10,
Niswonger _____________ __ Oct. 8,
Zinow _______________ __ Ian. 18,
Collins ______________ __ Sept. 10,
Turner _______________ __ July 8,
Osborne _____________ __ May 4,
1911
1912
1921
1929
1947
1954
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