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Патент USA US3096416

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July 2, 1963
Filed June 13, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
July 2, 1963
Filed June l5, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
@e0/:ye Jßfow/v
GMÀ wm’
July 2, 1963
Filed June 13, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
55 56
M5 245 \
July 2, 1963
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
Filed June 13, 1960
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July 2, 1963
Filed June 13, 1960
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
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255 im“
Géofye J.- Brown
United States Patent O ”
FIGURE 1 is a view of one embodiment of the present
invention shown partly in section.
George J. Brown, 22 Grandview Ave., Waterbury, Conn.
Fiied June 13, 1960, Ser. No. 35,662
14 Claims. (Cl. 20G-38)
FIG. 2 is a sectional View .taken on the line 2_2 of
FIG. 1 of the manually operated interposer or ball releas
ing mechanism.
FIG. 3 is a sectional detail taken on the line 3-3~ of
FIG. 1.
FIG. 4 is an electrical schematic diagram and diagram
matic illustration of the present invention.
IFIG. 5 is a section of the ball returning mechanism
taken on »the line 5-5 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 6 is a detail of segregating slots of the ball re
This invention relates to manually operated program
selecting-means such as is used in conjunction with coin
operated record-playing machines, for example.
Patented July 2, 1963
_ _
In such devices the prospective user upon depositing
an indicated coin may, by pressing buttons provided for
the purpose, select a number `of records to be played.
This sets the machine in operation with the result that
the records may be played ione after another. However,
turning mechanism.
as at present provided, the mechanism selects .the records
the segregating slots of the return track.
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a locking member in
FIG. 7 is an enlarged detail section showing a ball on
according to the relative position of the records 1n the
the manually operated ball releasing means.
An object oi the present invention is to providey manu
FIG. 9 is a section taken on teh line 9_9 of FIG. 2.
ally operated selecting means for .a plurality 'of operations
FIGS. 10 and 11 are views of a further embodiment
in which the opera-tions are performed seriatirn 1n the 20 of the invention, shown mostly in section, with FIG. l0
showing the left hand portion.
order in which the selections are made.
Thus, in the case of a record-playing machine, the
user can not only select the records to be played, but
can also select the order in which they are to be played,
FIG. l2 is a sectional view ltaken on the line 12-1‘2
of FIG. 10 illustrating a further embodiment of a manu- 7
Ially operated ball releasing mechanism.
that «order being the order in which the selecting but 25
tons are depressed.
This is accomplished, according to the present inven
tion in its simpler form, by providing a series of chan
FIG. 13 is a detail section taken on the line 13-13
of FIG. l2.
FIG. 14 is a detail of the -switch mechanism employed
in the embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 10
through 13.
acteristically different interposers, each related to one
of the selector buttons and released thereby to travel to 30
FIG. 15 is an electrical schematic diagram of the ern
a collector where it and other or" said interposers released
bodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 10 Iand 11.
by other buttons accumulate in the row in the order
In carrying out the present invention, referring to the
in which they are released. The interposers are released
lembodiment generally shown in FIG. l, there is provided
one at a time to initiate the operation of the selecting
storage means, generally indicated by the reference nu~
mechanism according to the individual characteristic. 35 meral 20 and specifically shown `as funnel-shaped slots
The interposers may be in the form of spheres or balls
2i, 22, 23, 24 and 2S. Within each of the slots there
are positioned interposers, specifically balls 26, 27, 28,
which cooperate with electric switching means when re
leased trom the collector to close a particular control
29 and 30 respectively. Each of the balls 26 through 30
circuit according to the individual characteristic which
has a different physical characteristic, one that can be
40 sensed, i.e. can be determined by a mechanism, as here
may be the respective diameters of the balls.
Preferably there is a plurality of interposers, each of
inafter described, and in the specific embodiments of the
invention Athe characteristic is the diameter of the spherical
-a different characteristic, and these are stored in a row
ball. Each of the slots 21 through 2.5' has balls having
to be released one at a time when the selector button
is operated.
will release a ball from the same row of balls. The but
tons are interlocked so that the buttons in the banks must
the same characteristic disposed therein, the largest ball
being in slot 21 and the smallest ball in slot 25 with
the intermediate size balls arranged in the order of their
decreasing size in slots 22, 23 and 24 respectively.
To minimize the number of different sizes iof balls
required and yet enable a large number of selections
50 there is provided five buttons 31 through 35, each of
be operated alternately, the buttons in one bank making
a group selection and those in the other bank selecting
which,` when operated, controls the release oi` oneball
from its associated slot, namely 21-25 respectively and
To provide for a larger range of selection without in~
creasing the number of different characteristics of the
interposer balls, two banks of selector buttons, each-ar
ranged so that corresponding buttons in ythe two banks
one in the group. Thus, with two banks of ñve buttons
`these butt-ons are hereinafter referred to as group but
each -and iive characteristically different kinds of balls,
.tons and the ball released by operation of the buttons
twenty-tive different selections can be made.
55 as `a group ball.
Further communicating with each of
the slots are buttons 36 through 40 which, when op
erated, release from their associatedr slot 2li-2S respec
segregated into their proper rows.
tively a ball and these buttons are referred to as digit
Another object of the present invention in its broader
buttons and the ball released thereby as the digit ball.
scope is to provide a mechanism that enables the manual 60
It will thus be appreciated that with only live different
selection of a number of conditions from a plurality of
sizes of balls and by having ñve group buttons and five
different conditions and then eiîects the conditions in
digit buttons, a total of 25 selections may be made since
the order selected, one condition being initiated after
there are ?lve vdigit selections within each group. IMore
elîection of the previous condition.
' over, -by ‘varying the number of diíîerent size balls, group
Said conditions may take the form `of electrical im 65 buttons and/or digit buttons, the number of selections
pulses so that each conditi-onV may be effected by a num-A
may be varied.
ber of pulses. While the selection of the conditions may »
Positioned below `the lbuttons is ia receiver 4l which
be made as rapidly as manually possible, the effecting
collects the balls released Vby the buttons in the order re- y
of a subsequent condition will not begin until theeiîect
leased and stores them in a track 42 to release them in
ing of a prior condition has been completed.
70 dividually and sequentially in the order in which they
Other features and advantages will hereinafter appear.
are received in the track 42. The track terminates at a
In the drawing:
channel ¿i3 in which is positioned a plunger 44 having
After the interposers have performed their functions
they are returned to their starting point where they are
an opening 45 i into which each ball is sequentially
connected to one side of a «source of electrical energy as
indicated by the reference numeral `83 through a lead 84,
The plunger, as will be hereinafter apparent, is adapted
conducting link 82, the bar 75, conducting link 81,
to be moved to the left (FIG. l) and after a selected
through the switches 611 and 64 to the solenoid 63. This
in turn energizes the solenoid 63 moving its armature 85
period returned to the position shown', i.e. the ball receiv
ing position. However, prior to its attaining said latter
position after movement, a pivoted trap door 46 in the
which `in turn actuates a pall 86 that drives a ratchet
wheel 87 fastened to a shaft S8.
floor of the channel 43 is operated to cause the ball
The switch 64 is operated by the solenoid 63 and
carried by the plunger to `drop. into a guide 47 which
`~ causes intermittent enerigization of the solenoid and hence
«guides lthe ba‘ll to the `entrance 49 of a spiral return 10 advancement of the shaft 88 by it. The shaft 88 carries
conveyor 50. The conveyor 511 is indicated as being
a contact arm 89 that moves in a circular path to engage
driven by a rotating gear 51 and is enclosed by a tube
contacts 95494 disposed in equispaced relation in the
52 such that, when the conveyor is rotated and a ball
has been guided into the spiral conveyor it moves the
ball upwardly to entrances '53` through 57, inclusive, of
path. While the solenoid 63 is continued to be inter
mittently energized, the solenoid 62 has moved the
plunger '74 and hence the contact bar 75 on the switch
76 until it stops on one of the contacts 95 through 99
as will be hereinafter apparent. rPhe contacts 95~99 of
the segregating slots 21-25, inclusive and respectively.
The entrances, as shown in FIG. 6, are of increasing
width such that the balls Si) destined Ifor slot 25, i.e. the
the switch 76 are connected by leads `16d-1114 to con
smallest balls, will pass through the entrance 57 without
tacts 9ti~94 respectively engageable by the contact arm
the other balls falling therethrough and subsequently the 20 $9.
balls 29 will fall through the entrance 56, the balls 28
through the entrance 55, the balls 27 through the entrance
54 and the balls 26 through the entrance 53, thus en
Since the ball in the plunger has been presupposed to
be from the slot 23, the contact bar will stop on the con
tact 97 and remain there while the solenoid 63 is being
abling the balls to be segregated to again be positioned
intermittently energized until the Contact arm 89 engages
in their own slots in the storage means 211.
25 the contact 92 at which time a circuit is established from
The present invention, as herein disclosed, employs the
the contact arm. 66, through the lead 84 to a conducting
balls as released by the buttons to position a shaft at any
link 32 on the switch 76, then .through the contact bar
on'e of 25 different positions, each position employing
75, the contact 97, lead 1112, contact 93, contact arm
suitable structure which may be used to control the play
89, a lead 105, contact arm 68, switch 7S, contact to the
ing of a selection lwith the selections being played in the 30 ball releasing relay 59 which, upon eneugization, opens
onder that the selections are made by the user as deter
the switches 611 »and 61 and pivots the trap door 46.
mined by the order that the buttons are pressed and
Opening of lthe switch 61 deenergizes the relay 62 and
this in turn determines the position of the shaft. The
a spring 1116 (FlÍG. l) returns the plunger 44 to its initial
present -invention envisions that the shaft may be used
position, the ball, of course, dropping down through the
to control a multiple contact rotary switch, an indexing 35 return chute 47.
mechanism or other structure wherein a position or
The next ball, i.e. the digit ball, then falls into the
condition effects an operation.
opening 45 in the plunger 44, closes the switch 58 and
ln order to `achieve this result, reference is had to
initiates movement of the shaft 8‘8 to «a position accord
FIG. 4 which is .the electrical schematic and diagram
ing to the size of the 4digit ball from the setting of the
matic representation of the components of the present 40 shaft as determined by the previous ball which was a
invention. The components shown in this diagram in
clude the track 42 having balls therein, and the plunger
44 which operates in the channel 43. Located below the
opening 45 in the plunger is a normally opened switch
group ball. The circuit with the digit ball in the plunger
with the relay being of the slow release type, a plunger
moving relay 62, a shaft moving relay 63` having a switch
switch 58 by the digit ball will energize the plunger moving
relay 62 through the switch 61 and switch 58. This
is the same as shown in FlG. 4 and previously described
. except that the transfer switch 65 «has its contact arms
shifted to the dotted line position -by reason of the pall 73
58. Also included are a ball release solenoid and relay 45 moving the ratchet 72 to cause a movement of the cam
59 having switches 60 4and 61 that are normally closed
71 to the dotted line position. Thus the closing of the
64 operated thereby and a cam operated transfer switch
gener-ally indicated by the reference numeral 65 having
contact arms 66, 67 ‘and 68. The contact arms are con
nected as indicated by the dotted line 69 to a pivoted
lever 70 that is operated by Ia cam 71 to move the con
tact arms from one position to the other. The cam in
turn is operated by a ratchet wheel 72 secured thereto
which is rotated by a pall v73 carried on an armature 74
of the plunger moving solenoid 62. Also secured on
the plunger 44 is a contact bar 75 4formed of conducting
material which rides on a switch generally indicated by
will cause movement of the plunger 74 andrmovement of
the contact bar 75 along the conducting links 81 and
82. `Disposed above the conducting link 81 is a segment
ed contact bar 167 which has segments 10S-112 inclusive
that momentarily contact the Contact bar 75 as the bar
moves .over the switch.
Movement of the Contact bar
75 to be in contact with the inst-mentioned segment 108,
energizes a circuit through the switch arm 66, segment
108, contact bar 75, conducting link 81, switch 60,
switch arm 67 and solenoid 63 to energize the solenoid
and advance the shaft 88 one movement of its ratchet
the reference numeral 76. Normally opened switches 77 60 87. Presupposing that the digit ball is from the slot 24
and 78 are operated by Ia projection 79 also carried by
(next to smallest ball) which would position the shaft so
the armature 74.
that the contact bar 89 is in the dotted line position, the
In the operation of the device with the parts positioned
contact bar will continue to move until it passes segments
as shown in FIG. 4 and la group ball having been re
'108, 1119, 110 and 111 and stop its movement between
leased from its slot by operation of its button, and pre 65 the segments 111 and 112. Intermittent energization will
supposing it is a ball 28 from the slot 23 released by
thus be given the relay 63 each time as the contact bar
oper-ation of the button 33, the ball falls into the open
engages each segment 108, 109, i110 and 111. ’
ing `45 in the plunger 44 and closes the start switch 5S
The extent of movement of the plunger is controlled to
which energizes a circuit from one side 3d of a source
prevent the contact bar from stopping in engagement
of electrical energy through the switches 61 and 58 to 70 with one of the segments 10S-112 (referring to FIG. `l)
the plunger moving solenoid 62. This in turn causes the
by a wedge surface 1113 that reduces the size of the chan
plunger 74 to move to the left »and as the plunger starts
nel 43 in which the plunger operates and hence while
moving, the contact bar 75 of the switch 76 engages conducting links 81 and `82 of the switch 76. A circuit is
thus established through the ‘contact »arm 66 that is also
the plunger moving relay remains energized, the plunger
will only move `as far into the channel as determined by
the size of the ball in the opening 45. Further movement
of the plunger is taken up by a telescoping connection
either side of the shaft 121 that engage the upper portion
114 between the plunger tand a bar 115 that is attached
to the armature `of the solenoid 62, thus enabling the
armature to move to its final position where it operates
the switches 77 and 78 irrespective of the stopping posi
in the blocks, as shown in FIG. 9 and indicated by the
reference numeral 128. With the blocks positioned as
tion of the plunger.
may be positioned in view of the wings abutting .the dis
of Ithe block and separate the blocks so that a gap exists
shown in FIG. 9 none of the other buttons in the group
Switches 77 and 78 are maintained closed by main
taining the solenoid 62. energized rand a circuit is estab
lished through the contact arm 66, switch '77 to 1a relay
116 that is energized to a switch 1-1'7. This switch in
fturn is employed to prevent the manually operated pro
gram selecting means from accepting the next bail until
the selection is completed and accordingly there is sche
matically shown, as when the present invention is ern
ployed in a coin operated record playing machine, a 15
placed blocks. The row of blocks are resiliently urged
against each other by springs y129 located »at each end
of the slot 125.
The buttons 36~4û ‘for the digit balls are identical to
each other and to the group 'buttons in that they have a
124i, switch arm 68, switch 78 to the solenoid 5i?. Ener- .
`tion cau-ses the bevel surface 1.311 to engage a bar 133,
shaft and an aperture. These buttons are disposed below
land slightly loilse-t fto the right and there `are formed in
the support, runways which enable the ball carried by
the :shaft to @be released finto the receiver ‘41. In both
turntable motor 11d having a playing arm 119 that as
embodiments of the invention a spring surrounds the shaft
the selection is being played advances until at the iinal
to normally urge the shaft and buttons outwardly to its
position when the selection is iinished it engages a con
ball receiving position., Similarly as with the structure
tact y1120.
of the group ball buttons, there is provided a slot 130»
It will be appreciated that the contact 1201 is only in 20 termed in the support in which blocks 1.26 are positioned
engagement with the arm after .the record has been played
to prevent releasing of more than one digit ball.y
or other conditions affected, at which time a circuit is
In order to make certain that a group ball »is released
established that deenergizes the solenoid 62 and energizes
and .then a digit ball, reference «is had to FIG. 3 in which
the solenoid 59 .tov prepare the apparatus for playing the
the shaft of each of the buttons is shown having a beveled
next selection. This circuit is from the one side of a 25 Surface 131 nor the group buttons and 1‘3'2 `for the digit
source of electrical energy through the arm 119, Contact
buttons. Movement `of the shaft toits ball releasing posi
gization of the solenoid 59 opens switch 61 which de
torce the bar upwardly `and ythen to 1a position in which
energizes solenoid 62 to cause the plunger 7d to move
the bar sits within `a slot 13d formed in the shaft. in
back `to its initial position and also causes the trap door 30 thispositi-on the shaft of .the group button »is thus locked
46 to open to exit the ball from the plunger into the
in position and is released by movement of the Contact
return chute 47. Also movement of the plunger to its
ibutton whose bevel surface 132 engages a second bar 1‘35
normal position serves to advance the cam ,'71, to the
to force `the same upwardly and tinto a slot 136 into the
full line position shown in FIG. 4 and position the con
shaft of the digit button. The bars 1‘33 and 1135 are
tact arms 66, 67 and 68 in their solid line position.
mounted I‘on a pair of posts 137 Ithat are spring urged
The mechanism of the present invention is thus in
downwardly as by a spring 138 such that when the bevel
position to be Ioperated for the next group ball at which
surface 132 engages »the bar 135 to move it upwardly the
time the operations will proceed as above outlined and
bar 133l is removed from the slot 134 and the spring that
the mechanism will continue until all the selections as
encircles the shaft ‘causes the shaft to move to its normal
determined by a group ball and a digit ball have been 40 outward position. It will thus be geen that with the struc
played, at which time if no ball is in the opening in the
ture of the ball releasing mechanism that only one group
plunger the switch 5S will remain open. As shown in
or digit button may be depressed at a time and that alter
FlG. l, the electrical parts above «referred to are mounted
nately »group and digit buttons can only be pressed.
on the support 20a and have been given the same refer
In the embodiment shown and previously described the
ence numerals.
45 ball is contained within the plunger ‘and hence is not
It is contemplated that the return conveyor Will be
freely moved. However, in the embodiment shown in the
continuously operated though if desired, ldepending upon
invention starting with FIGS. l()ì and hereinafter de
the number of balls in the mechanism, it may be inter
scribed, the balli is freely movable rather than being con
mittently operated.
The mechanism requires that a group ball be employed 50
As shown in FIGS. l0 and '11, there is provided a sup
l.and then a digit and then a group, etc., alternately and to
on which is mounted a left return spiral con
this end reference is had to FIGS. 2, 3, 8 ‘and 9 showing
veyor 292 and la right return spiral conveyor 203. Re
the manually operated buttons and mechanism for effect
tum conveyors have entrances 2M formed there-in leading
ing such operation. Each of the buttons is identical and
into slots 2165 in which the balls tare segregated as to size.
referring to the button 31 specifically, it has a substantial
This 'structure is similar to the previously described
ly rectangular in cross-section shaft 121 formed with a
structure and includes a motor 2% for driving VVthe return
through aperture 122 which aligns with the opening in the
conveyors. As lshown in FIG. ‘12, which is a section
slot 21 in its normal outward position so that normally a
»taken through the group buttons 207, Ztl-8, 209, 216` and
ball is in the aperture.
2211, each lof the buttons are identical and include a shaft
The buttons lio-4t? for the digit balls are each identical 60 portion 212 speciiically referring Áto the button 207 hav
and are disposed below -and slightly offset to the right
ing an laperture 21%` which aligns with a release track
and have a track communicating therewith from their
214 leading :to a receiver 2.15. The buttons are mounted
respective slots so that also a ball is disclosed within the
in channels .216 formed in the support for movement from
aperture formed in the shaft. The shaft 121 of each
its normal ball accepting position :to its ball releasing
button is disposed in »a support 123 to enable the shaft 65 position, the latter being shown by the button 210. Ex
to move inwardly upon the button being pushed (such as
ytending across the back of the row of button-s and
shown by the shaft operated by button 35) to a position
mounted to be engaged by the back end of the buttons
wherein the aperture with the ball is positioned aligned
is |a tape 217 secured ‘as Iby a screw 218 .to 4the support
with an opening `121i- that leads to the receiver 41.
tand having its other end connected to a link 219.
In order to prevent releasing of more than one group 70 Mounted on the link is a stop 220 that engages a spring
ball at la time, there is provided below the row oi group
221 contained between the stop 2520 and an abutment 222
buttons a cross-extending slot 125 in which are positioned
such that movement of a button -to its :bal-l releasing posi
blocks 126 having the shape shown in FIG. 8. There
are six blocks and they are mounted in the slot 125 for
tion causes rthe link 219 to move to the left in order to
have its notched portion 223 >engage within »a key 2124.
movement caused by wing portions 127 formed on 75 ’1l-he group buttons «22d-2,29 inclusive are identical and
are connected to -a link 23dí «and is also provided wit-h a
not-ch 231 -that engages la key 232. The two keys 224
and 232 are mounted `on a movable plate member ‘233
from 4the source of electrical energy'through contact arm
274, contact 275, a lead 279 to the solenoid 240 and to
the contact plate 24S.
This will cause energization of the solenoid 240' which
With the above construction it will be clear that move C1 will move its plunger 23S to align the aperture 239 with
the chute 241 and permit a ball to be introduced into the
ment of a group button from its normal outwardly posi
switch. rl`he ball, depending upon i-ts size and because
tion to its ball releasing position causes .the link 23@ to
of the inclination and tapering between the plate 248 and
move .to the left `and the key 232 to engage the notch 231.
that is spring urged downwardly `as by a spring 234.
the segments 242 through 246 will come to rest in engage
ment between the Contact plate 248 and one of the con
Subsequently movement of a digit button will cause the
link 2119 to move to .the right and have a beveled surface
acts and as shown there is a ball engaging the contact 243.
The contact arm 27h is moved by the shaft in a circular
235 engage the key 224 moving :the support 233 and keys
224 and i232, upwardly such that the link 236 is released
and returned by the spring 234. yContinued movement
of the 'button will cause «the key 224 to engage the notch
223 and hold the link 219 in position. Subsequent opera
tion of 1a group button will release the connection between
«the notch 223 and key 224 by reason of the cam surface
237 engaging the key 232. With this vstructure it will be
seen that la group ball and a digit ball are alternately
Referring to FIG. 10, the balls released by the group
button are fed into `a receiver ythat terminates in a plunger
238 having 4an aperture 239. The plunger is yoperated by
path and equally spaced apart the path are con-tact points
239, 281, 282, 283 and 234 that are connected respectively
to contact segments 242 through 246. While the solenoid
24u is energized, the shaft moving solenoid 271 is also
energized through its switch 285 from the contact arm
274 and Contact 275 and this solenoid 271 provides in-ter
mittent operation to advance the contact arm 270 until a
time when the contact arm engages, in -the specific example
being described, wherein the ball is in engagement with
the contact 243, the contact 231 which then completes a
circuit of lower resistance that parallels the circuit ener
gizing the rel-ay 271 to cause stopping of .the advancement
a solenoid 240 and upon energization of the solenoid, as
of the shaft.
will be hereinafter explained, the plunger lmoves to the
This circuit is through the contact arm 274, contact
right Ialigning the aperture 239 with a chute 241 that has
275, contact arm 270, contact 281, contact 243, the ball,
a switch «formed therein composed of iive segments 242-,
contact plate 248. This circuit is broken by the continued
243, 244, '245 and 246 mounted in :an insulated panel 247.
maintenance of the driving coil 273 being energized and
Disposed opposite the :switch member is a movable con
tact plate 248 that is connected by `a link 2149 to the 30 las 4the contact arm 274 breaks the connect-ion with the i
Contact 275, the solenoid 240 is deenergized as is the
plunger 238 of the solenoid 240 to be moved, to the right
therewith whenever the solenoid is energized thereby per
mitting Ia l‘ball contained between the switch member and
the contact plate 248 to be released through a chute 250
.fto an entrance 251 of the return chute 262.
As shown in FIG. 1‘1, the group balls similarly have -a
track 252 that terminates `in an .aperture 253 of a plunger
254 operated by a `solenoid 255. Energization of the
solenoid »against the -action of the spring 256 aligns the
opening 253 with a chute 257 that leads to a switch gen
erally i-ndicated by the reference numeral ‘258. As shown
in FIG. 14, the switch includes a contact plate 259l spaced
from a second contact plate 260 with the opposing sur
shunting or lower resistance cir-cuit thereby releasing the
When the contact arm 274 engages the contact 276 a
35 circuit is established through the elements 274 and 276
to energize a relay 256 which releases a digit ball to
enable it to enter the switch 258. The contact plate 260
of this switch 253 is connected to the contact 276 while
there a contact plate 259 is connected to a second coil on
40 the relay 271. Thus as the digit ball rolls between the
contacts plates 260 yand 259 it will provide impulses when
ever i-t electrically bridges these to bars and each impulse
will provide one energization of the relay 271 and «hence
one advancement of the shaft 269.
faces of the :two plates being increasingly spaced apart.
The contact plate 26u' has insulating segments 261, 262, 45 The solenoid 256 and `the contact plates are deenergized
by the continued energization of the time switch 272 un?l
263, 264 and 265. With this construction it will be ap
the contact yarm 274 moves off the contact 276 and as the
preciated that «a ball rolling down the chute 257 will
driving coil 273 is maintained energized the contact arm
bridge 'the contact bars 259 and 260 and whenever it
274 is moved clockwise until it maintains the position
engages the two plates, Contact will be made between
in this ligure wherein the cycle of a group ball and
them. Moreover, it will be clear, depending upon the 50 shown
a digit ball is again repeated. The closing of the switch
size of the ball, that the ball will ‘fall through the two
273, if desired, may be opened by the contact arm in this
contact plates and thus, tor example, with .a smallest bal-l
by any well known mechanical interconnection
there will only be an electrical contact 'between the plates
such as found in time switches :of constructions well known
25‘9 and 260l in 'the area between the segments 2.6i and
2612 since the ball will fall through the two plates in the 55 to a man skilled in the art.
'llhe present invention also enables the continuous rc
area of the insulating segment therebetween. While the
of a group ball or digit ball or sequence thereof,
langest ball contact will be made live times between the
if desired, without manual operations of the buttons.
plates, namely when the ball is between the segments
Thus, as `shown in FIG. 10, the left return spiral conveyor
261 and 262, 262 and 263, 263 »and 264, l264 and 265
has an opening 230 thereon located before the en~
and 265 and 266 before dropping through the conducting 60 202
trances 204 and which opening 280 is large enough to
plates into «a chute 5268 leading «to lthe return track 203.
enable the largest ball to pass therethrough. The opening
As shown in the electrical schematic and diagrammatic
is normally closed by a slide 231 which has an aperture
representation of the invention (FIG. l5), there is a shaft
282 that when positioned in alignment with the opening
269 carrying a contact arm 270 and the shaft is operated
280 to enable repeating, permits balls in the conveyor
by energization of a relay 271 in a manner similarly dis 65
204 to pass into a conduit 283 `that leads «to the receiver
closed with respect to Ithe other embodiment of the in
that terminates in the aperture 239 formed inthe plunger
vention. There is :also provided a time delay switch 272
238. The right return spiral conveyor similarly has the
of the .type having a dri-ving coil 273» land a arm
same structure which is indicated by the same reference
274 engageable with contacts 275 and 276. From a source
of electrical energy 277, current is fed to the coil 273 70 numerals.
It will accordingly be appreciated ythat there has been
through an initiating switch 278 which switch may be
disclosed a device which enables manual selection of a
actuated manually or by a coin if the invention is ern
ployed in a coin operated record player. Closing of the
number of different conditions with the conditions being
played in the order selected. Further, each condition
switch 278 starts movement of the contact arm 274 which
initially engages a contact 275 and a circuit is established 75 is completed prior to the initiating of `the next condition
and thus -the present invention has an inherent time delay
which permits selection of the conditions more rapidly
than the playing thereof. While the instant embodiment
the selection made; means for collecting the interposers
in the order released; means for individually accepting
said -first interposer released `from the collecting means
of the invention has been disclosed with respect to a ro
and adjusting the condition means to »the group condi
tion characteristic thereof; and means 'for accepting said
second intenposer and adjusting the condition means to
the digit condition characteristic thereof in .the group
tating switch it will be clear that other devices operable
by electrical impulses may be employed.
Variations and modiñeations may be made within the
scope of the claims and portions of the improvements may
condition determined by the first interposer.
be used without others.
9. The invention as defined in claim `8 in which there
I claim:
10 -are interlocking means between the means for releasing
l. A manually operated program selecting means for
the first interposer and the means 4for releasing the sec-`
enabling the performing of selections in the order chosen
ond interposer to cause »alternating operation of these
comprising means having a plurality of more than two dis
tinct conditions, each for the performing of a selection;
»10. A condition selection and setting dev-ice compris
a plurality of more than two interposers, each having a 15 ing means yfor enabling the selection to be made and
different sensible characteristic; means for storing the
including a plurality of more than two interposers, each
interposers; means for manually releasing an interposer
having an individual sensi-ble characteristic `and one of
for each ‘selection as each selection is made; means for
said interposers being released upon making of a se
collecting the released interposers; and means for indi
lection; means for storing each released interposer in the
vidually accepting said interposers one at a time in the 20 order released; means having «a plurality of more than
order released from the collecting means and adjusting the
`two conditions, each selectable by said first named means;
means having a plurality of conditions to the distinct con
and means for releasing interposers from the storage
dition determined by the characteristic thereof.
means in the order stored and causing Va plurality of
2. The invention as defined in claim 1 in which the
condition means to be conditioned to the condition se
means having a plurality of distinct conditions includes a 25 »lected ‘by operation of the `first named means.
shaft with each condition being a position of the shaft.
3. The invention as defined in claim 1 in which there
is more Ithan one interposer having the same sensible char
acteristic and the means for storing the plurality of inter
posers includes a plurality of individual compartments 30
with each compartment storing only interposers having
the same sensible characteristic.
l1. A manually operated progra-m selecting means
comprising electrically operated means for selecting op
erations to be performed ‘which include a series of more
than two switches, a plurality of more than two char
acteristically different interposers, each causing `opera
tion of one only of said switches; means for separately
storing said interposers; manually operated means for
4. The invention as defined in claim 3 in which there
releasing said interposers selectively; means for collect
are means for receiving interposers from the accepting and
ing said interposers in the order in which they are re
adjusting means and segregating them in the individual 35 leased; and means lfor releasing said intenposers `from said
collecting means one at a time and causing the same to
5. The invention as `defined in claim 1 in which the ac
operate one of said switches.
cepting and adjusting means includes means for discharg
I12. A manually operated selecting and playing device
ing the interposer after the condition mean-s has been
»for enabling the selecting of the sequence of playing more
40 than two conditions from a plurality of more than two
adjusted to the characteristic of the interposer thereof.
6. The invention as defined in claim 5 in which said
different conditions with each condition constituting a
means for discharging includes switch means operated
number of electrical impulses comprising a plurality of
after the performing of the selection.
interposers, each having a different characteristic and
7. A manually oper-ated program selecting means for
representing a diñerent condition; means for storing said
enabling »the performing of selections in the order chosen 45 inteiposers; means for releasing said -interposers one at a
comprising means having a plurality of more than two
time; means for receiving the released interposers and
distinct conditions, each for the performing «of a selection;
maintaining them »in the order released; and means in
a plurality of more than two interposers, each having a
cluding a switch tfor taking'ifrom the receiving means the
different sensible characteristic; means for storing the in
most prior released interposer and sensing the character
terposers; means for manually releasing an interposer for
istie thereof to cause said switch to create a number of
each selection as each selection is made; means for col
electrical impulses corresponding to the characteristic
lecting the released interposers; means for individually
accepting said interposers one at »a time in the order re
of the interposer.
13. The invention as defined in claim l12. «in which the
leased from the collecting means and adjusting the means
lastnamed means includes means for freeing said inter
having a plurality of conditions to the distinct condi-tion
poser a-fter the number of electrical impulses has been
determined by the characteristic thereof; said last-named
completed and means lfor taking the next most prior re
means including means for discharging the interposer
leased interposer after the freeing of said interposer.
after the means having a plurality of conditions has been
`14. The invention as defined in claim 12 in which the
adjusted to the characteristic thereof and preparing the
last named means includes means for Ifreeing said inter
accepting and adjusting means for acceptance of the next
poser a-fter the number of electrical impulses has been
released interposer.
completed and means for causing said freed interposer
8. A manually operated program selecting means for
to be guided to the receiving means to enable repetition
enabling the performing of selections in the order chosen
of the same condition without selection thereof.
comprising means having a plurality of more than two
distinct conditions divided into a plurality of group 65
conditions with each group having a plurality of digit
conditions, each .digit condition being Ifor .the performing
of Ia selection; a plurality of tmore than two interposers,
each having a different sensible characteristic; means for
storing the interposers; means for releasing a first inter 70
References Cited in the file of this patent
Hey ________________ __ Aug. 10, 1886
Soave ______________ __ Feb. 1-4, 1956
Ber-ti et al. ____________ __ Aug. 9, |1960
Great Britain __________ __ Jan. 7, 19115
poser yfor a group selection of the selection made; means
for releasing a -second interposer yfor a digit selection of
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