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Патент USA US3096598

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July 9, 1963
P. R. COOK
3,096,588
MAsoNRY GUIDE APPARATUS
Filed June 22, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
FIG.2
FIG.3
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INVENToR.
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ATTORNEYS
July 9, 1963
P. R. cooK
3,096,588
MAsoNRY GUIDE: APPARATUS
Filed June 22, 1959
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG'S
FIG. Il
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FIG.8
JNVENTOR.
PAUL
R. c 00K
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ATTORNEYS
United States Patent O
1
P
CC
3,096,588
Patented July 9,' 1963
2
MASONRY GUIDE APPARATUS
lspectively, together with an intermediate guide 12. The
pole portions of these guides are identical and comprise
outer and inner -telescoping tubular standards 13-1-4 of
Seattle, Wash.
square cross-section. The outer standard ‘13 is located
at the bottom and may have inter‘ñtting extension sections
3,096,588
Paul R. Cook, 1705 Belmont Ave., Apt. 601,
Filed June 22, 1959, Ser. No. 822,063
1 Claim. (Cl. 33-85)
13a -for multiple stories, the interiit being accomplished
by a projecting tubular neck 13b which is welded at the
'Ille present invention relates to improved masonry
bottom ofthe extension section. For purposes of the «fol
guides for use in the laying of masonry wall units such
lowing explanation the term outer standard will be con
as brick, stone, cast stone, concrete, cinder-concrete l0 sidered to include extension sections.
blocks, glass blocks, hollow tile, glazed facing tile, etc.`
While my apparatus is intended for use with all such
To permit height adjustment 4the outer standard is pur
posely made a few inches shorter than the desired wall
height. In this regard a cross-pin .15 traverses the outer
various types of masonry units, it is particularly adapted
for lbrick, and hence -for convenience and brevity of
standard toward the top thereof to lserve as a stop for a
expression the term “brick” will be hereinafter used in 15 height adjusting mechanism mounted on the inner stand
the generic sense.
ard. This mechanism comprises a .compression spring
It has long been recognized in the building trade that
16 depending by a -weld connection from the lower end
the labor costs incident to masonry construction have
of the inner standard and having a nut 17 welded at its
impeded greater use thereof. The tart of laying bricks
and stones has required a high degree of skill acquired
lower end, and an elongated adjusting bolt l18 threaded
into said nut. The head 19 of this bolt bears downwardly
only after extensive periods of apprenticeship «for those
having natural `aptitude and capable of devoting great
against the stop 15 and extends upwardly through the
spring 16 into the inner standard. It can be readily seen
that the effective length of the inner standard is increased
attention lto detail.
The co-nventional method of building a wall has lbeen
by the length of the spring Iplus the downwardly screwed
to build the corners first, stretch ‘a` line between the 25 portion of the nut. As will shortly be explained, when
courses of the built up corners, and lay bricks to this line.
the yguides are in use the rela-ted spring is compressed to
Consequently, various corner guide devices, often called
speed leads, deadmen, or corner poles in the bricklaying
help hold the guide in position.
proved guides of simple and economical construction
which can be readily placed in operative position with a
21 so that when a holder reaches the top of one of the
outer standards it can be sleeved over the collar as shown
minimum of effort and do not require the use of auxiliary
in FIG. 8 and moved therewith to selected posi-tions along
The guides 10-12 are each provided with guide line
trade, have from time to time been used. These corner
blocks or holders 20 which are sleeved thereon and held
guides normally involve the use of standards set up at 30 in selected position by a thumb screw 21. These holders
the corners of the building and having course markings
are best viewed in FIG. 7 wherein it is seen that each has
`on them or «attached thereto. Guide »lines for the brick
a pair of cleats 22 adjacent diagonally opposite corners
corners are stretched between the poles on line blocks
and a pair of arm flanges 23 projecting iat right angles to
which are moved upwardly therealong in accordance with
respective faces adjacent one of -the other corners of
the course markings.
35 the holder. One or more notches 24 are provided in the
The standards for a corner guide system must be kept
arm lian-ges for receiving guide lines. So that the line
in plumb and yet should not as in the past require the
holders can be used along the »full length of the guides
use of braces «or guy lines which are susceptible to being
the inner standards `are provided with movable collars
dislodged by workmen or mobile equipment on the job.
25 corresponding in cross-section to the outer standards.
Accordingly the present invention aims to provide im 40
These collars have holes 26 to receive the thumb screws
supports to keep them in such position.
the inner standard.
With yet additional objects and advantages in view 45
The differences between my guides reside in various
which, with the -foregoing, will appear and be understood
head and foot plate constructions which are mounted on
-in the course of Áthe following description and claim, the
the inner and outer standards thereof. The foot plate 27
invention consists in the novel construction and in the
adaptation and combination of parts hereinafter de
scribed and claimed.
`
In the yaccompanying drawings:
FIGURES 1, 2 and 3 are fragmentary perspective views
of 'my outside corner, intermediate, and inside corner
of the outer corner guide projects diagonally and has an
upstanding angle piece 28 `to present brick engageable
50 flanges paralleling opposite faces of the standards and
having their apex diagonally spaced a relatively short
distance from one corner thereof. At its upper end the
outer corner guide has a rigidly mounted head plate 30
guides, respectively, in operative position with the related
with an upstanding angle piece 31 for engaging intersecting
55 freeze boards 32. This piece 31 faces the same direction
building structure shown in phantom.V
FIG. 4 is a »fragmentary longitudinal vertical sectional
as the lower `angle piece 28, but has its flanges closer to
view taken along the line 4_4 of FIG. 1.
the corner guide in correspondence with the thickness of
a freeze board 32. This relative horizontal spacing
by the line 5-5 of FIG. 4.
Y
between the angle pieces is best seen in FIG. 6. In this
FIG. 6 is a top plan view of the outside corner guide. 60 regard, the guide line holder 20 has its notches 24 so
\FIG. 7 is an enlarged perspective view of the guide
located that they will vertically aline with respective of
line holder.
_
the inside faces of the lower angle piece 28‘ when the
FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating the guide line
holder is sleeved on the corner guide. Holes 33 may be
holder on the collar.
j j
.
`provided in the flanges of the upper angle piece 31 for
lFIG. 9 is a perspective 4view of the spacing attachment. 65 receiving supplementary anchoring nails.
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of the outer standard of
Similarly to the outer corner guide, the inner corner
a -modiiied guide using a stud as the inner standard,
guide 11 has foot and head plates 34-35 provided with
FIG. 1l is a perspective view of the modified guide in
upstanding angle pieces 'S6-37, respectively. The pri
operative position.
mary
differences reside in the fact that the angle pieces
Referring to the drawings it is seen that corner guides 70 36»-37 face oppositely from the angle pieces 28 and 31
10-11 are provided for outside and inside corners, re
and have the `apexes of their back faces 36u-37a coincid~
FIG. 5 is a horizontal sectional view taken as indicated
3,096,588
4
3
present the guides 111-12 can be jambed against other
ing positionwise, relative to the respective guide standard,
with the apexes of the back faces 28a, 31a of the angle
structure whether permanent or temporary for the specific
pieces 28, 31.
purpose.
In FIGS. 10-11 I have shown a modified guide for use
with a conventional wood stud as part of the standard.
The foot plate 38 of the intermediate guide 13, on the
other hand, extends at right angles thereto as distinguished
from diagonally and has a single upstanding brick engage
able ñange piece 40 paralleling a face of the guide. Like
The outer standard part of this modified guide comprises
a socket 51 mounted on a base 52 which extends as a
wise, the head plate 41 of the intermediate guide has an
foot plate 53 therebeyond.
upright flange piece 42 paralleling the ñange 40 and lo
a weld attachment to the base 52 is a compression spring
54 having the same function as the spring 16 in the afore
cated closer to the guide standard by the thickness of a
Mounted in the socket by
freeze board. The back faces of the ñanges 40, 42 are
spaced from the longitudinal center line of the inter
described embodiment.
Preferably this spring 54 does
mediate guide standard the same distance as the back
wall 55 adjoining the foot plate 53 is given the same width
faces of the angle pieces 28, 31 and 36, 37 are spaced
from the longitudinal center apexes of their respective
standards.
Preparatory to positioning `one of the guides 10~12, its
height is adjusted by turning the bolt 1S in the nut 17 so
that it is slightly greater than the distance from the foot
as the freeze board so as to define the respective outer
face of -the wall to be laid. In the use of the modified
not extend as high as the rim of the socket.
The side
guide a stud 56 cut somewhat higher than the wall
height and a stop strip 57 is nailed at right angles thereto
ing to the overlying freeze boards. This adjustment is
at a distance from the lower end of the stud somewhat less
than the wall height. Then the lower end of the stud is
placed in the socket 51 as an inner standard and positioned
made with the inner standard separated from the outer
standard. Then the guide standard in assembled condi
tion is tilted to engage the plate at its upper end beneath
with the stop strip 57 resting against the bot-tom edge of
the freeze board. The foot of the guide is then forced
as before into position by compression of the spring 54.
the freeze board until its upstanding upper piece 31, 37,
A guide line block or holder is sleeved on the stud 56
or 42 engages the freeze board at the outside corner, 25 and is the same as the holder 20 before described except
inside corner, or side, whichever guide is being erected.
for dimensions. As in the case of the guide 12 this modi
The operator then grasps the outer standard and manu
ñed guide can be used at corners as well as at intermediate
ally forces it along the footing toward the Wall. During
points.
this action the standard pivots at the freeze board and
the spring 16 compresses sufliciently for the lower end of
the standard to be forced into proper position. There
after, the loading of the spring 16 keeps the standard in
30
illustrate. Minor changes in the details of the construc
tion will suggest themselves and may be resorted to with
place.
out departing from the spirit of the invention, wherefor
The guides 10-12 are installed in this manner about the
structure to be bricked. In this regard, guides 12 can be
it is my intention that no limitations be implied and that
the hereto annexed claim be given a scope fully commen
surate with the broadest interpretation to which the em
used at corners as well as at intermediate points. The
brick courses are then laid out on the guides as by marked
ployed language admits.
tapes 43 applied `thereto with adhesive and the guide line
holders 20 set by the thumb screws 21 at the ñrst course.
Next, guide lines 44 are stretched between the holders
and anchored on the cleats 22. The foot plates 27, 34
The advantages of the invention will, it is thought, have
been clearly understood from the foregoing detailed de
scription of the embodiment which I have elected to
40
and 3S are embedded in the mortar for ythe bottom course,
the resulting cavities being ñlled after removal of the
guides upon finishing the laying of the brick walls. As
each course is laid the holders 20 are slid upwardly along
the guide standards to the next course marking on the
tapes 43. When the holders reach -the top of the outer
standards they pick up the collars 25 as before described.
For use with the outer corner guides 10 in the laying ,
of particularly high walls I provide a spacing attachment
What I claim is:
In guide apparatus for use in laying brick walls, a
standard having telescopically associated outer and inner
members adapted to be located in upright position ad
jacent a wall to be laid, guide line holding means sleeved
on said outer member, and a movable collar mounted on
said inner member, said collar corresponding in cross
section to said outer telescoping member and having an
axial length no greater than that of said line holding
means, a set screw, said collar and line holding means
having radial holes therethrough arranged to register and
receive said set screw when said guide line holding means
45 which has a U-shaped collar section 46 and an L
is sleeved on said collar, whereby said guide line holding
shaped spacing section Á47 formed integral therewith. The
collar section 46 sleeves on the guide and the spacing
means can be selectively locked by said set screw any
section 47 is arranged to engage the corner of the portion
»of the `brick wall already laid. In this manner the wall
helps to prevent the guide standard from bowing toward
the corner responsive to the tension on the guide lines.
The attachment 45 is progressively moved up the standard
behind the guide line holder and makes it possible to use 60
lighter stock for the standard than would be otherwise
possible.
As best seen in FIG. 9, I provide sets of holes 48 in
the collar section 46 to selectively receive pegs 49. These
pegs can be thereby set at predetermined distances from
the wall face and receive auxiliary guide lines 50 to indi
cate, for example, the end face plane of a row of sill
bricks which project beyond the wall.
It will be appreciated that if freeze boards are not
where along the length of said standard in concentric
relationship thereto.
References Cited in the ñle of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
670,585
1,234,222
1,875,977
2,623,289
2,761,214
Fowler ______________ __ Mar. 26,
Butler _______________ __ July 24,
Beckwith ____________ __ Sept. 6,
Kampel ______________ __ Dec. 30,
1901
1917
1932
1952
Ruble ________________ __ Sept. 4, 1956
FOREIGN PATENTS
662,028
Great Britain _________ __ Nov. 28, 1951
796,701
1.189,455v
Great Britain _________ __ .Tune 18, 1958
France ______________ __ Mar. 23, 1959
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