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Патент USA US3096596

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July 9» v1963
w. R. ALBRIGHT ETAL
-
LAYOUT GAUGE
Filed lMarch 25, 1955
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3,096,586
1
United States Patent O rice
1
3,096,586
Patented July 9, 1963
2
smaller dimension of the upper disc. It will be apparent
3,096,586
that when the rule members are positioned to extend end.
William R. Albright and Henry F. Szczepanski, both of
332 Main St., Lander, Wyo.
Filed Mar. 25, 1955, Ser. No. 496,781
3 Claims. (Cl. 33-26)
wise 180 degrees apart from the ldisc members, the writ
LAYOUT GAUGE
ing edge of each will lie in parallel relation but offset in
opposite directions by lan amount to bring the lines into
substantially perfect alignment to enable use of the gauge
as an improved ruler or divider.
This invention relates to a gauge and it relates more
The pair of >disc members .and rulers extending out
particularly to a gauge forunse in the layout of various
wardly therefrom may be formed of any desirable sheet
patterns and designs on "such` surfaces as wood, paper, 10 material having sufficient rigidity, such as paper board,
metal and the like and particularly on such resilient, soft
wood, metal, plastics, laminated paper or board and the
and flexible material as dress goods and the like fabric ma
like. For purposes of establishing lthe desired gripping
terial, such as in the layout of designs on dress goods for
relation with the underlying surfaces, such as when
a guide in sewing the design or pattern into the fabric.
formed of dress goods or other textile material, it has
It is an object of this invention to produce a gauge or 15 been found expedient to form the under side of lBhe lower
layout tool of the type described which is manufactured
members 10 and 20 with ysurface roughness, suoh as by
of a few, simple parts which are capable of being easily
bonding lgrit 30 or other `granular material to the under
assembled into a low cost tool; which is easy in opera
sides thereof, or texturing the under side with some em
tion and` use for laying out various designs upon surfaces;
bossed patterns or the like. The under side of the upper '
which is capable of establishing a desired frictional grip 20 members 12 `and 26 lare preferably formed free of sur
ping relationship with the` underlying surface to prevent »
face roughness, especiallyl throughout the disc member
inadvertent slippage in use, especially when used on dress
‘and the major portion of the length of the rule, but it
goods which are soft and resilient by nature; which may
is expedient to provide an outer end portion of the rule
be used interchangeably as a rule or compass of divider
`spaced a short distance inward-ly from the end thereof
and for drawing lines and circles, or for dividing a circle
with a similar type of ysurface roughness 32 to provide a
easily and quickly into equal segments without adjust
desired gripping relation when the rule 26 is extended
ment or relocating thetool on the surfaces being worked
angularly in a `direction other than' the lower member 20‘.
upon; and which is a compact and small unit capable of
The surface roughness on the under side of the upper
storage in small available spaces .about the room or sew
ing machine.
'
j arm is preferably located in the `area normally held down
30 onto the underlying surface when use is made of the arm
'
These and other objects and advantages of this inven
for drawing purposes.
tion will hereinafter appear and for purposes of illustra
By the use of such surface roughness on the under
tion, but not of limitation, an -embodiment of the inven
side of the members, >the. gauge or tool can be located in
tion is shown in the accompanying drawing, in which,
positions of use on' the underlying textile material yfor
FIGURE 1 is a top plan View of the gauge embodying 35 «drawing a pattern or the like, and the upper rule can be
features of this invention in its fully extended position;
manipulated to various positions without displacement of
FIGURE 2 is a side elevational view of the gauge
the gauge from the base from which the design has been
shown in FIGURE l;
init-lated, and the surface roughness present in both mem
FIGURE 3 is a view from the bottom side of the gauge
shown in FIGURE 1; and
Y
FIGURE 4 is a schematic top plan view, showing the
gauge of FIGURE 1 in various positions of adjustment.
Briefly described, the gauge embodying the `features
of this invention comprises a pair of circular disc mem
40
bers enables the members to become anchored to the
underlying surface suiiiciently terraciously to enable the
operator to free one hand for drawing with the tool with
out displacement. The surface roughness permits ready
manipulation of the gauge or tool from one position to
`another in laying out la design. Without such surface
, bers 10 and 12 concentricallly ‘arranged one on the other 45 roughness slippage invariably occurs in use, such that it
with the lowermost'disc member 10 being of substantially
greater diameter than the upper disc member 12. The
l disc members are joined one to the other at their centers
becomes difficult accurately to lay out a design or pat
tern' on a surface as slippery as dress goods or the like.
In addition to the structural features described, a gauge
by means of a grommet 14 extending axially through the
embodying features of this invention comprises means
aligned openings at the center with the end portionl of 50 for enabling use thereof for measuring, for drawing
the grommet turned outwardly to define annular llanges
circles of various diameters, for subdividing circles into
16 and 18 between which the disc members are located.
Integral with the lower disc -is an arm or rule 20 which
extends radially outwardly from a sector of the disc cor
various segments or chords or radii, or merely for draw
ing segments of various dimension on a surface without
the necessity for relocating the tool and without the
responding to an angle slightly less than .about 90 degrees, 55 necessity for calculating angles or the use of separate
with the rearward edge 22 of »the rule extending substan
tools for layout of angles,
tially tangentially >from the outer periphery of the disc
As illustrated in the drawing, the lower arm 20 is
»10, while the forward edge 24 extends outwardly in par
subdivided along its forward edge 24 into inches and
allel relation' with a radial line from the center of the
fractions of an inch, as by means of indications 34, start
disc member but offset la rshort distance rearwardly there 60 ing from the outer edge of the arm towards the center,
`of .by an amount corresponding to the normal spaced re
and upper arm 26 is similarly divided by indications 36
lation between .the point off 'a writing tool’ and the portion
along its forward edge into inches and fractions of an
of the tool in engagement with the edge of 'the r-ule so
inch, starting with the distance from the edge of the
that t‘he line drawn by the tool :along the edge will extend
other rule when outstretched to 180 degrees or corre
65
in true radial alignment with the centerof the disc. .
sponding to the distance between the outer edge of the
Another arm or rule 26 substantially identical in di
Írule 20 to the center, plus the distance of the indications
mension ‘and shape with the rule 20 extends outwardly
on the top rule from the same center.
from a similar portion of the upper disc 12 with the ex
-For use in drawing circles, the upper rule 26 is formed
ception that the rear-wand edge 28 of the rule extends in 70 with a plurality of laterally spaced-apart openings 38
a tangential direction from the disc member but spaced
extending lengthwise through a central portion of the
rearwardly from the periphery thereof because of the
rule with the openings marked in inches and half inches
3,096,586
4
3
corresponding to twice the distance of the opening from
tions effective automatically to permit the rule to be set
in its described angular positions. It will be understood
that changes may be made in the details of construction,
the center to indicate the diameter of the circle that
would be drawn by the use of a writing tool in said open
arrangement, and operation without departing from the
ing when swung about the center.
Because of the many equal subdivisions that can be Cil spirit of the invention, especially as delined in the follow
ing claims.
made of a circle, a system embodying interrelated circles
What is claimed is:
and lines is provided on the upper and lower disc mem
1. A layout gauge for textiles comprising first and sec
bers 12 and 1€) respectively, including subdividing the
ond members, said first member including a disc-like por
portion of the lower disc member extending outwardly
tion and an elongated arm integrally secured thereto, said
beyond the upper into a plurality of circular sections,
arrn extending out beyond the periphery of the disc-like
such as the three circular sections 40, 42, and 44. These
portion and including a first straight edge parallel to and
circular sections are subdivided with radial lines 46 of
offset from a diameter on said disc-like portion by the
different colors some of which extend outwardly radially
thickness of a scribing tool, said second member includ
only through the inner section 40, some of which extend
ing at least an arm, said arm of said second member
outwardly radially through to the middle section 42,
pivotally connected to the center of said disc-like portion
while others extend outwardly across all three sections.
and including a second straight edge on the opposite side
The arm portion 26 extending outwardly from the upper
of said diameter when opened parallel to and offset from
disc member is subdivided into segments 40a, 42a, and
44a in alignment with the corresponding circular sections
of the underlying disc, and these segments are either col
ored differently, as illustrated, or otherwise designated
to distinguish the various segments.
The outer circular section 4 is formed wtih lines ex
said diameter by the thickness of a scribing tool, said
second member having a plurality of scribing point open
ings extending along its length so that the gauge :can func
tion as a compass in drawing circular arcs of varying
radii, indicia on one surface of said first and second
tending about 90 degrees apart and also with other lines
members whereby said gauge can be used interchangeably
extending 120 degrees apart and with a third set of lines 25 as a ruler, a compass, or a divider, frictional means on
at least the greater part of the opposite surface of said
extending 72 degrees apart, for use with the outer segment
one member for establishing a gripping relationship with
44a in setting the upper rule 26 at 90 degree angles, or
at 120 degree angles, or at 72 degree angles in subdivid
the textile material, and frictional means on the lesser
ing a circle into four, three or five equal segments re
lpart of the opposite surface of the second member
30 whereby said second member can be pivoted over the
spectively.
The middle circular section 42 is subdivided by six
surface of said textile material without snagging while
lines which are 60 degrees apart, eight lines of a different
said lirst member is in gripping engagement therewith,
color which are 45 degrees apart, one-half of which cor
or in cooperation with said iirst member functioning as
respond to the 90 degree lines extending outwardly
a straight edge when a small amount of pressure is
through the outer segment 44 and the central circular 35 exerted on said second member to force its frictional
section is also subdivided with ten lines of the same color
means into engagement with said textile material.
as the tive 72 degree lines, but with the addition of the
2. The layout gauge described in claim 1 wherein the
alternate lines half between the 72 degree lines so that
frictional means on the lesser part of the opposite surface
the ten lines appear 36 degrees apart in the center sec
of the second member is disposed intermediate its ends.
tion. The lines in the center sections are used in combi 40
3. The layout gauge described in claim 1 wherein said
nation with the segment 42a in the arm member 26 to
indicia includes scale markings along each straight edge,
align the rule 26 at various positions for subdividing the
the scribing point openings in said second member asso
circle into six, eight, or ten equal segments.
ciated with the scale markings on its straight edge to per
Similarly, the inner circular section 40 is formed with
mit circles of predetermined radii to be drawn, said disc
sixteen lines which are 22.5 degrees apart for use in sub
like portion having circular marks thereon delining cir
dividing a circle into sixteen equal segments. One-half
cular bands and a plurality of sets of color coded radially
of the sixteen lines are formed as continuations of the 90
extending scale markings, arcuate color coded indicia
degree lines and the 45 degree lines which extend con
on said second member whichin cooperation with said
tinuously therethrough, as previously described.
second straight edge cooperate with the said correspond
Thus the outer segment is used with respect to the 50 ingly, colored radially extending indicia on said disc-like
lines in the aligned circular section 44 to draw lines 120
portion for subdividing a circle into a plurality of uni
degrees apart, 90 degrees apart, or 72 degrees apart. The
form subdivisions.
central segment 42a is aligned with the underlying central
section 42 for alignment with the radial lines therethrough
to indicate angles of 6() degrees, 45 degrees, and 36 de 55
grees apart, while the inner circular segment 40a is
aligned with the inner circular section 40 provided with
radial lines which function to position the rule at 22.5
angles.
It will lbe apparent from the foregoing description that 60
I have provided a simple device which is capable of many
uses in layout of designs or patterns of various surfaces,
such as textile material, and for quickly and efficiently
drawing circles, subdividing the circles into various seg
ments and angles, and for drawing the radial lines
through such circles or segments in predetermined angu
lar relationships.
It will be apparent further from the description and
from the drawings that a table identifying the various
positions of the rule for the described line and angular 70
arrangements may be provided as indicated by the nu
meral 50 on the upper face of the lower rule 20 as a
gmide for indicating the various color and line combina
References Cited in the file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
647,339
Thompson ___________ __ Apr. 10, 1900
677,948
Cowart _______________ __ July 9, 1901
761,272
765,300
Wagniere et al. _______ __ May 31, 1904
Williams ____________ __ July 19, 1904
769,044
791,848
Anderson ___________ __ Aug. 30, 1904
Wilson _______________ __ June 8, 1905
1,299,978
MacDowney __________ __ Apr. 8, 1919
1,706,510
1,952,344
2,023,539
2,104,515
2,189,245
Allen ______________ __ Mar. 26,
Webber _____________ __ Mar. 27,
Packard ____________ __ Dec. 10,
Golden _______________ __ lan. 4,
Guinez _______________ __ Feb. 6,
2,575,077'
Snyder _____________ __ Nov, 13, 1951
361,340
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Germany ____________ __ Oct. 13, 1922
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FOREIGN PATENTS
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