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Патент USA US3096646

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July 9, 1.963
3,096,636
s. H. NEWMAN
GAS VALVE AND BURNER
Filed April 11, 1960
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
73 Fig.3
94
9O
88
82
INVENTOR.
Stanley H. Newman
BY
July 9, 1963
3,096,636
s. H. NEWMAN
GAS VALVE AND BURNER
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed April 11, 1960
INVENTOR.
' Stanley H. Newman
BY
ATTORNEYS
United States Patent 0 ” ice
3,096,636
Patented July 9, 1963
2
1
bination of FIGURE 1 with the ?ame adjustment con
3,096,636
GAS VALVE AND BURNER
Stanley H. Newman, New York, N.Y.
(% Schwartz & Frohlich, 19 E. 7 0th St., New York, N.Y.)
Filed Apr. 11, 1960, Ser. No. 21,220
Claims priority, application Netherlands Dec. 8, 1959
5 Claims. (Cl. 67--7.1)
trol means broken away;
FIGURE 3 is a sectional view along lines 3~—3 of
FIGURE 2 with the ?ame adjustment means shown par
tially in section and partially in full; and
FIGURE 4 is another sectional View similar to FIG
URE 3 and showing the burner tube lifted to permit the
escape of gas.
This invention relates to cigarette lighters of the type
Referring now to the drawings and to FIGURES 1,
as a fuel (or “gas” lighters as they are commonly known)
have become increasingly popular in recent years. The
reason for the increased popularity of these lighters is
due, at least in part, to the fact that such lighters do not
ponents of the combination comprise ‘a body portion 10,
using a combustible hydrocarbon gas a fuel and more par 10 2 and 3 in particular, a combined burner and valve con
struction and the gas ‘adjustment means is shown which
ticularly to an improved burner and valve construction
incorporate the novel features of the present invention.
for use in such lighters.
As shown in FIGURE 1, the normally visible outer ‘com
Cigarette lighters using a combustible hydrocarbon gas
require a fuel feeding wick as is the case with the old
type liquid fuel lighters. In addition gas lighters usually
have a sealed storage tank ?lled with 1a lique?ed hydro
carbon gas such as butane which permits the lighter to
be used for several months of normal operation without
a cap or housing 12, and a burner tube 14; the body
vand housing 12 forming the outer casing of the burner
and valve combination. The burner tube 14 extends from
the housing 12 for movement relative thereto and the
gas supply adjustment means 16 is connected to the body
10‘.
The body 10 is positioned in an opening in the top
wall of a storage tank 20 and provided with an annular
groove 18 in its outer periphery in to which the top wall
the necessity of re?lling or replacing the tank.
of the tank projects and is attached. In the drawings,
While gas lighters heretofore used have been satis
factory in general ‘there have been some shortcomings 25 the tank 20 is only partially shown in phantom lines since
in such prior lighters.
‘ In conventional gas lighters, the lique?ed ‘butane fuel
is stored in a sealed tank to which a gas escape valve
its construction is well known in the art.
The lique?ed butane fuel is stored in the tank 20 un
der a pressure of about 28 p.s.i. and, therefore, it is main
tained in a lique?ed state.
'
and burner combination is attached. The gas valve and
A longitudinal opening 22 is provided through the body
burner combination is usually less than a half inch long 30
10 and this opening 22 communicates with the interior
and about a quarter inch in diameter. As can be seen
of the tank 20 where the lique?ed gas is stored. A wick
from these dimensions, the valve and burner combina
24 of suitable absorbent material is positioned within
tion is an extremely small apparatus and the moving
the 'body 10 and extends down through the opening 22
parts Within it must of necessity be of very small di
mensions. As a result of the minute size of the valve 35 and into the tank 20. Since the stored fuel is lique?ed,
the absorbent wick 24 is a suitable means of conveying
and |burner combination, one of the problems of prior
it in liquid form from the tank to the ‘desired location
gas lighters has been the obtaining of adequate and ac
within the body 10.
curate control over the size of the ?ame at the tip of
As shown in FIGURES 3 and 4, a shoulder 26 pro
the jet ‘burner. Even a slight manual adujstment of the
gas ?ow control mechanism of prior constructions has 40 jects inwardly from body 10 at the lower portion of the
opening 22. This shoulder 26 serves as a seat for a
caused an unusually large increase in the size of the
resilient spring plate 28 which provides the major lower
flame.
support for the other components of the burner and valve
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention
combination.
to provide an improved burner and valve combination
Referring still to FIGURES 3 and 4, a wick holder
which will overcome the foregoing shortcoming by per 45
30 is mounted on spring plate 28 and has a vertical shaft
mitting easy and minute ?ame adjustment. It is another
portion 32. An opening 34 is provided in the shaft 32
object to provide a burner and valve combination of
and the lower end of this opening 34 is positioned oppo
simple construction which may be economically manu
site an opening 35 in the plate 28. These openings 34
facture. It is a further object of the present invention
to provide a construction in a burner and valve combina 50 and 36 provide a passageway for the wick 24 from the
a tank 29 into the body 10.
tion which provides a tight seal to prevent leakage of gas
The wick holder 30 also has a lower ?ange 38 and
through the valve when the lighter is not in operation.
this ?ange acts as a seat for a compression member or
These and other objects of the present invention will
sleeve 4t) of synthetic rubber, or the like, which surrounds
become apparent from the following description and
the shaft 32 and snugly ?lls the lower region of the
drawings which illustrate one embodiment of the pres
opening 22. At the upper end of the shaft 32 an an
ent invention. Although a preferred embodiment is de
nular recess 42 is provided. A second opening 44 in the
pioted in the drawings and described in the speci?cation,
holder 30 connects the opening 34 with the recess 42
it is to be understood that this embodiment is merely
so that the wick 24 may be drawn through these open
illustrative of the present invention and not a de?nition
of the limit of the invention, reference being ‘had for this 60 ings 34 and 44 and ?tted into the recess.
The solid crowned top 46 of the shaft 32 projecting
purpose to the appended claims.
from recess 42 cooperates with the portion of the wick
24 which is packed into the recess 42 and together
they act as a platform for a thin evaporation pad or
in connection with the description of the illustrated em
bodiment of the present invention as shown in the draw 65 disc 48. Pad 48 is made of a suitable absorbent ma
terial such as paper or the like and contacts with the
ings and are only intended to facilitate an understanding
wick 24 so that lique?ed fuel from the tank 20 is trans
of the invention and they are not intended to limit the in
In this speci?cation relative terms of location are used
such as “upper” and “lower.” These terms are used
ferred to the pad from the wick.
A cap 50 is slidably ?tted into the opening 22 in the
FIGURE 1 is a side view of the gas valve and burner 70 body 10 and overlies the pad 48. A depending skirt
52 of cap 5i) extends below the pad 48 and this skirt
combination in accordance with the present invention;
vention.
In the drawings:
' FIGURE 2 is a top view of the gas and burner com
rests on the compression member 40. A boss 54 extends
3
3,096,636
upwardly from ‘the cap 50 in the region ‘above the pad 48
and a vertical opening 56 extends through the boss 54 in
communicating with the pad.
The housing 12 has a screw threaded connection into
the body it? for ?xedly connecting the parts and the
lower end 58 of the housing 12 contacts the upper end
of the cap 50. The housing 12, the compression mem
4
the wick holder 30, and particularly the crown 46, against
the pad 4-8. At the same time the ring 64 forces the
burner tube 14 downwardly to move the deformable
valve disc 62 into sealing engagement with boss 54,
constituting a valve seat to seal the opening 56.
After the lighter unit is assembled, as described above,
it may be operated by lifting the burner 14- to obtain a
?ow of gas. The ?ame obtained should be at a mini
mum. If this minimum ?ame is too great then it can
ber 40, the wick holder 39 and the spring plate 23
cooperate to hold the slidable cap Si} in position.
As stated previously, the burner 14 is movably placed 10 be further reduced by slightly tightening the housing 12.
within the housing 12. Burner 14 is in the form of
a tube and has a ?ange 60 at its lower end which is
When the minimum ?ame is obtained no further adjust
ment of the housing is necessary thereafter to obtain a
cri-mped about a deformable sealing disc 62 constituting
greater ?ame. Variation of ?ame intensity above this
a movable valve member. Disc 62 is normally pressed
minimum is obtained by other means which will now
against the upper end of the boss 54 constituting a 15 be described.
valve seat so that the opening 56 therein is tightly
The compression member 40 protrudes slightly into a
sealed; thus, any escape of fuel in the gaseous state
hole 80 in the wall of the body 10 when the apparatus is
through the opening 56 is prevented.
set for the minimum ?ame condition. A threaded shaft
The burner 14 is normally held in a depressed or
82, which acts as a pressure applicator, is screwed into
seated position by means of a combination seal and 20
this hole ‘89 and a gear 84 is ?xed onto the outer end 86
retainer ring 64- which is made of a resilient and de
of the shaft 82. This gear 84 mates with another gear 88.
formable material, such as rubber. This ring 64 ?ts
Gear 88 is mounted on a shaft 90 and has a much smaller
snugly about the burner 14 and seals the region between
gear tooth pitch than gear 84-. The shaft 90 is also screw
the inner side wall 66 of the housing 12 and the outer
wall 68 of the burner 14. The ring 64 is pressed against 25 threaded and it is screw connected to a mounting plate
92 which may be ?xedly connected to the tank 20 or any
the upper wall 70 of the housing 12 and a base ?ange
other stable part of a lighter.
72 on the lower end of the burner 14. Since the hous
When the shaft 82 is moved into the hold 80 the com
ing 12 is ?xed in place by its screw threaded connection
pression member 40 is deformed vertically downward.
to the body It}, the ring 64 urges the slidable burner
14 downwardly. As shown in FIGURE 3, the force ex 30 This vertical deformation acts to depress the wick holder
30 downwardly relative to cap 52 to reduce the pressure
erted by the ring 64 is suf?cient to deform the sealing
exerted on the pad 48 by the crown 46 and the cap 50.
disc 62 against the boss 54 and effectively seal the open
This reduced pressure on pad 48 causes an increase in
ing 56 in the boss 54.
the ?ow of fuel through the opening 56 when the burner
When it is desired to have fuel in a gaseous state ?ow
14 is raised to the ?ame position of FIGURE 4 and a large
through the opening 56, a lever 74 is used to lift the 35 ?ame
is obtained.
slidable burner 16 upwardly to the position shown in
The gear ratio between the gears 88 and 84 is quite
FIGURE 4. In this operation the sealing disc 62 is car
large and as a result of this relationship a minute adjust
ried upwardly by the crimped ?ange 6t} and the upper
ment of ?ame may be readily accomplished by turning
end of the opening 56 is exposed. With the burner 14
in the raised position of FIGURE 4, a passageway for 40 a wheel 94 which is mounted on shaft 90. This gearing
arrangement permits quick adjustment of the ?ame to
gas from the pad 48 to the outer end of the burner is
any desired size without the necessity of attempting to
provided. This passageway extends around the icrimped
adjust the relationship of the housing 12 and the body 10
?ange 60 and along the inner wall 66 of the housing 12,
in order to vary the ?ame.
through side ports 76 in the base ?ange 72, and ?nally
A quarter turn of the wheel 94 causes the gear 84 to
into a vertical opening 78 through the burner tube 14. 45
rotate only a very small fraction of a turn so that shaft
While the fuel is under pressure in the tank 26 it is
82 is advanced by only the slightest extent into hole 80‘.
This slight extent caused the compression member 40
lique?ed and remains so while being absorbed up to
the pad 48. Since it is under a pressure of about 28
p.s.i., it remains lique?ed as long as the opening 56 is
to be vertically deformed a minute amount.
means actuated by the same action which raises the
bers within the construction may be of a solid resilient
This de
sealed by the disc 62. However, when the opening 56 50 formation in turn results in a very small increase in the
?ow of gas through the opening 56. Thus, there is a very
is unsealed, the liquid fuel in the upper region of the
small increase in the size of the ?ame although there was
pad 48 evaporates at the lower atmospheric pressure to
a relatively large movement of the wheel 94.
which it is subjected through the openings 78 and 56
In view of the foregoing it will be clear that the present
in the burner tube 14 and cap 52. Also the vaporized
gas ?ows upwardly and outwardly through openings 56 55 invention in a burner and valve construction permits
micrometer-like accuracy in adjusting the ?ame size. It
and 7 8 and in a jet from the end of the burner.
should also be noted that all the deformable stress mem
A spark can be furnished by conventional pyrophoric
material which is unaffected by the hydrocarbon fuel.
lever 74 and the gas escaping through the burner open
I claim:
ing 78 can be ignited to furnish a wick-less ?ame.
60
1. In a cigarette lighter of the type using a hydrocar
In assembling the various parts of the burner and
bon gas as a combustion fuel, an improved burner and
valve combination, the plate 28 is ?rst inserted into the
valve construction comprising a casing, a jet burner tube
body 10. The wick holder 30 is then placed on top of
extending from said casing and having an opening there
the plate and the compression member 46 is then set
in place. The remaining components are added, being 65 through, said opening being exposed to atmospheric pres
sure, a gas valve structure positioned in said casing be
sure that the housing 12 is not tightly screwed to the
body 10. With the housing 12 in an untightened condi
tion liqui?ed butane fuel may be fed the tank 29 under
neath the opening in said tube, a wick holder having a wick
mounted therein, a resilient support mounted in the casing
and beneath the wick holder, said holder being Spaced from
pressure through the opening 78. When the tank is
?lled the housing 12 is screwed down and into place. 70 said burner and seated on the resilient support, a fuel dis
pensing pad communicating with said wick and said wick
As the housing 12 is screwed into place a resisting
communicating with a supply of lique?ed fuel maintained
force is applied upwardly by the spring plate 28. This
under a pressure greater than normal atmospheric pres
plate 28 is normally ?at but it is depressed during the
sure, said pad positioned beneath said valve structure
?nal assembly operation when the housing 12 is tight
ened. The upward force exerted by the plate 2% presses 75 and in communication therewith, said pad being above
said wick holder whereby said pad is adapted to be com
3,096,636
pressed between said holder and said valve structure, a de
formable compression member located within said casing
and about said wick holder and contacting the valve struc
ture and the wick holder, means for deforming said mem
ber whereby a force is exerted on the wick holder and the
valve structure causing the wick holder to move relative
ferred from the wick to said pad, a deformable compres
sion member about at least a portion of said wick holder
and extending to the interior surface of the casing, a cap
to the ‘valve structure to vary the compression of the pad
with an opening therein mounted over the pad, a stop on
said casing for limiting the upward movement of the cap,
said cap being seated on the compression member, said
pad being squeezed between said cap and the wick holder,
the cap opening being in communication with the fuel dis
between the wick holder and the valve structure and there
pensing pad, a valve disc on the end of the burner tube
by control the ?ow of fuel in gaseous form from said pad
and overlying the cap opening, a combination seal and
10
and through said valve structure.
depresser
ring about the burner tube, said seal and de
2. An improved burner and valve construction in a
presser ring for the tube extending to the adjacent wall of
cigarette lighter as de?ned in claim 1 and further com~
the casing, said depresser ring normally urging the valve
prising an opening in the casing adjacent to the compres—
disc into closing relation with the cap opening, and a
sion member, and adjustable pressure applicator in said
about said valve disc connected to an opening
opening and in engagement with said compression mem 15 passageway
exposed to the atmosphere through said burner tube
ber whereby said compression member is deformed by
whereby lique?ed fuel from said pad becomes gaseous
the extension or retraction of the applicator in said casing
when the valve disc is raised and said fuel in gas form
opening.
7
?ows from said burner tube, and means for deforming
3. An improved burner and valve construction in a
the compression member whereby pressure on the pad
cigarette lighter as de?ned in claim 2 and including a gear 20 may be increased or decreased and gaseous fuel there
means mounted on the outer end of the pressure applica
tor for extending or retracting said applicator into or
out of the casing opening.
4. ‘In a cigarette lighter of the type using hydrocarbon
through regulated.
5. An improved burner and valve construction for a
cigarette lighter as de?ned in claim 4 and further includ
ing an opening in the casing opposite the compression
gas as a combustion fuel an improved burner and valve 25 member, said member extending into said opening, a pres
construction comprising an outer causing, a jet burner
sure applicator extending into said opening and gear
tube slidably mounted within said casing and extending
means for extending or retracting said applicator into or
outwardly through one end of said casing, a resilient mem
out of said opening whereby pressure on the pad may be
ber mounted in said casing and positioned at the end of
varied by deforming the compression member and caus
30
said casing away from said burner, a wick holder within
ing a movement of the wick holder.
said casing and positioned at the end away from said
burner, said wick holder being seated on said resilient
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
member mounted in said casing, a wick held by said
UNITED STATES PATENTS
holder and said wick extending through an opening in
said casing and into a storage tank containing lique?ed 35
fuel under a pressure greater than the atmospheric, a pad
for dispensing fuel set above said wick holder and in con
tact with said wick whereby fuel in liquid form is trans
2,743,597
Newman ____________ .. May 1, 1956
558,218
Belgium _____________ .._. June 29, 1957
FOREIGN PATENTS
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