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Патент USA US3096894

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July 9, 1963
E. LESHNER
3,096,884
REEL-TYPE CLOTHES DRIER
Filedv Oct. 20, 1960
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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INVENTOR.
ERV IN LESHNER
A TTOR/VEYS‘.
July 9, 1963
E. LESHNER
3,096,884
REEL-TYPE CLOTHES DRIER
Filed Oct. 20, 1960
33
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BY
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‘
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ATTORNEYS.
July 9, 1963
E. LESHNER
3,096,884
REEL-TYPE CLOTHES-DRIER
Filed 001;. 20. 1960
'4 Sheets-Sheet 3
mm
m
INVENTOR.
ERV IN
LESHNER
ATTORNEYS.
July 9, 1963
'
Filed 001:. 20, ‘1960'
E. LESHNER
REEL-TYPE CLOTHES DRIER
_
’
‘3,096,884
‘
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
INVENTOR.
ERVI N
LESHNER
ATTORNEYS.
United States Patent 0
1
3,096,884
Patented July 9, 1963
2
large diameter drum and the clothesline adjacent the
3,096,884
REEL-TYPE CLOTHES DRIER
Ervin Leshner, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Falco Prod
ucts Co., Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsyl
vania
Filed Oct. 20, 1960, Ser. No. 63,879
6 Claims. (Cl. 211—119.15)
This invention relates to a clothes drier and has for its
other rope end being wound in a dilferent sense on the
small ‘diameter drum. The rope not wound on either
drum constitutes the available clothesline which may be
lengthened by pulling on the rope leading to the large
diameter drum.
This pull causes the small diameter
drum as well as the large diameter drum to rotate in a
given direction whereby clothesline is unwound from the
large ‘diameter drum and wound on the small diameter
primary objective the provision of a novel, inventive and 10 drum. Because the large diameter drum provides more
useful device of this general class.
rope upon unwinding than than can be rewound on the
The drying of clothes is most commonly accomplished
small diameter drum an excess of clothes line is provided
by hanging or suspending the wet clothes from a clothes
to lengthen the available rope for drying purposes. The
line. Towards
end it is the practice to secure each
unwinding process is reversed by simply pulling on the
end of a clothesline to spaced points in order to hold the 15 rope leading to the small diameter drum.
same taut. Such tautness is generally achieved and main
Other objects and many of the attendant advantages
tained by tying the clothesline ends in a tight knot to the
of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same
spaced points. 1For this reason it is quite inconvenient for
becomes better understood by reference to the following
a housewife to untie these knots in order to gather the
detailed description when considered in connection with
clothesline when no longer needed. Hence, there is the 20 the accompanying drawings wherein:
tendency to permit the clothesline to remain suspended
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a reel-type clothes drier
and thereby exposed to extreme weather conditions as
embodying the present invention attached to a wall and
well as detracting from the neatness and appearance of
showing a guide bar with pulleys for the clothesline rope;
the area. Moreover, a suspended clothesli-ne may con
BIG. 2. is a plan view of the drier of FIG. 1 partially
stitute a harmful obstacle to persons in the area.
25 broken away to show the interior thereof;
Thus, there has developed the need for a clothesline
REG. 3 is a front elevational view of the drier of FIG.
which can be held taut and which can be quickly removed
1 partially broken away to show the interior thereof;
therefrom for storage. The use of winding reels or stor
FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along the lines 4-4 of
age drums is, of course, known. However, these devices
FIG. 3 with the tooth of a pawl engaged to prevent for
have not proved to be satisfactory as the clothesline is 30 ward rotation;
bulky and heavy and so is rewound only with great dif
LFIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view of a portion of
?culty. Spring loaded devices are also unsatisfactory
FIG. 4 with the tooth of a pawl in abutment with the
since large springs are required in the winding of the
tooth of ‘a ratchet wheel to prevent further rotation there
heavy clothesline.
of;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken along the lines 6—6
It is therefore an object of the present invention to pro 35
of FIG. 4 and showing in phantom the central shaft dis
vide a clothes drier wherein the clothesline may be easily
engaged from a pair of storage drums but still keyed to
drawn taut.
A further object of the present invention is to ‘provide
another pair of storage drums;
FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along the lines 7—7
a clothes drier assembly wherein the clothesline may
40 of FIG. 6;
be easily held in storage until needed.
FIG. 8 is a sectional view taken along the lines 8—8
Still another object of the present invention is to pro
of FIG. 6;
vide a clothes driver wherein the clothesline may be
easily removed from the taut position and stored until
FIG. 9 is a schematic view with certain parts omitted
needed.
for simplicity to show the technique of unwinding addi
Yet another object of the present invention is to pro 45 tional rope for the purpose of lengthening the clothes
vide a clothes drier wherein the :clothesline may be stored
line available for drying purposes;
and concealed from sight thereby enhancing the appear
FIG. 10 is a perspective view of a reel-type clothes
ance of the drying area and removing a harmful obstacle
drier constituting a second embodiment of the present in
vention disposed
to (the device of FIG. 1;
Still another object of the present invention is to pro 50
'FIG. 11 is a sectional view taken along the lines 11-11
vide a clothes ‘drier of the reel-type which easily handles
of FIG. 10;
the bulky and heavy clothesline and does not require the
FIG. 12 is a sectional view taken along the lines 1-2-—1-2
use of springs or other tension devices.
of FIG. 11 with certain portions broken away for
clarity;
Yet another object of the present invention is to pro
vide a reel-type clothes drier which is simple in construc 55
FIG. 13 is similar to FIG. 12 but shows the locking
to persons in the area.
tion and use and which can be inexpensively manufac
pawl moved into operative position and the restraining
tured.
arm removed therefrom; and
FIG. 14 is a fragmentary sectional view showing a de
‘
The foregoing and other objectives of the present in
tail of a restraining spring.
vention are attained by providing ‘a clothes drier compris
ing generally a central shaft having secured thereto at 60
Referring now in greater detail to the various ?gures
least one pair of axially aligned rope storage drums. One
of the drawing wherein similar reference characters refer
drum of the drum pair is ‘of a relatively large diameter
to similar parts, a reel-type clothes drier embodying the
and the other drum is of a relatively small diameter. A .
present invention is generally shown at 10 in FIG. 1 which
clothesline is provided having two ends, the clothesline
includes a housing 12, a central shaft 14 (FIG. 6), drum
adjacent one rope end being wound in one sense on the 65 pairs 16, >18 and 20, 22 associated for rotation with cen
3,096,884
4
3
central shaft 14 and because shaft 92 is ?xedly keyed to
shaft .14 via key 186, rotation of either drum 16 or '18
tral shaft 14, lengths of rope 24, 25, 26 and 27 respective
ly associated with drum pairs 16, 18 and 20, 22 and
guide bar 28 which aids in the winding and unwinding of
or both will in turn cause rotation in the same sense of
shaft 14. Key 186 is welded to shaft 14 and is at all
rope from the drum pairs.
times slidingly secured in a complementary opening 107 in
Housing 12 includes rear wall 39 (FIG. 4) which in
side wall 180.
cludes upper and lower skirts 32, 34 to space the housing
Drums ‘20 and 22 are formed in a manner similar to
from wall 37 to which it is secured and suspended from
drums 16 and 18 and include a tubular shaft 108 which
via bolts 36 fastened to Wall 37 and projecting through
is telescoped over a portion of central shaft '14. Drum
slots 40 in rear wall 30. Housing 12 also includes (FIG.
4) an integral forward sector 42 including top and bot 10 ‘26 comprises circular walls 110 and 112 and an interior
cylindrical surface 114 upon which rope 26 may be
tom walls 44 and 46 having respectively ?anges 48 and
wound. Drum ‘26 is fabricated by welding side walls
49 which abut against rear wall 30. Front wall 52 of
110 and 112 to tubular shaft .108. The outer surface of
forward sector 42 includes upper inclined wall '54, inter
shaft 168 enclosed between side walls 110 and 11-2 con
mediate wall 56 and lower inclined wall 58. Upper in
clined wall 54 has spaced slots 60 formed therein to per 15 stitutes interior cylindrical surface 114 of drum 20.
Drum 22 is constructed along the lines of drum 20 and
mit the ingress and egress of ropes 24, 25, 26 and 27 as
includes circular side walls ‘116 and 118 and cylindrical
will be explained hereinafter. Housing 12 additionally
surface 120 upon which rope 27 may be wound. Drum
includes end caps 59 and 62 (FIG. 6) which include
22 is fabricated by welding side walls 116 and 1118 to tu
?anges 61 and 63 which are respectively welded along
bular shaft 108 and thereafter welding surface 120‘ to side
one edge thereof to rear wall 30. An intermediate spacer
walls 116 and 118. It should be here noted that the rope
member 64 (FIG. 6) is also welded at one edge thereof
storage diameter of drum 22 is considerably larger than
to rear wall 30 and includes integral upper spacing flange
the rope storage diameter of drum Ziipby virtue of interior
66 and integral lower spacing channel member 68. An
cylindrical surface 121} which provides the larger diam
additional lower spacing channel member 70‘ is also pro‘
V
vided and is ?xedly secured to spacer member 64 via 25 eter of drum 22.
Tubular shaft 168 is telescoped over a portion of cen
rivets 72.
tral shaft 14 and may be releasably keyed to shaft 114 by
It is thus seen that end caps 59 and 62 and spacer
engagement of ?nger 122 with side wall ‘112 of drum 20
member 64 are welded to rear wall 30 to form an integral
as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7.
bracket unit. Shaft 14 and its pairs of drums are rota
tively suspended from the integral bracket unit in a man
ner as will be hereinafter described. Moreover, integral
perpendicular to the remainder of ?nger 122. Tip 126
may be inserted through any desired complementary open
forward sector 42 with top and bottom walls 44 and 46
and front wall 52 may be fri'ctionally ?tted upon the afore
said bracket unit and so can be easily removed for main
tenance, etc. or in general to provide access to the in
terior of the present invention.
Rotatively and slidably suspended through opening 74
in end cap 62, opening 76 in spacer member 64 and open
ing 78 in end cap 59 (and also appropriate Openings in
drum side walls 94, 100, 1132 and ‘116) is central shaft 14.
Suitable bearings may be provided if desired. Shaft 14
includes a stop member 79 at one end thereof to limit the
Finger 122 is welded to
to shaft 14 at the arcuate end 124 thereof (FIG. 7) and
includes at its other ‘end a tip ‘126 which lies in a plane
ing ‘128 in side wall ‘112 of drum 26. Tip ‘126 is dis
35
engaged from side wall 112 by merely sliding central shaft
14 to the right as viewed in FIG. 6 by pulling handle 80
to the right. Tip 126 is so disengaged because it is inte
gral with ?nger 122 which is welded to shaft 14 and so
slidable therewith. The disengaged position of tip 126
40 as well as shaft 14 is shown in phantom in FIG. 6.
When tip 126 is engaged with side wall 112» of drum
20, all four drums 16, 18, 20 {and 22 are rotatable together
as a unit. Hence, a pull on any one of ropes 24, 25, 26
sliding movement of shaft 14 to the right as viewed in
and 27 will cause all four drums to rotate as a unit. When
FIG. 6 for reasons which will be explained hereinafter.
Shaft 14, further includes an integral handle 80‘ at its 45 tip 126 is disengaged drum pair-s 16, 18‘ and 20, 22 will
operate individually. In ‘other words a pull on nope 24
other end which includes a U-shaped portion 82 formed
will cause the rotation only of drums 116 and 18. Shaft
14 will also be rotated since it is still keyed to shaft 92.
However shaft 168 will not be rotated since shaft 14
a portion 84 parallel to the initially bent portion . A
resilient plug 86 may be secured to the free end of por 50 through ?nger 122 with tip 126 is not engaged with side
Wall 112 of drum 20. Similarly a pull on rope 27 will
tion 84 to aid in grasping. It should be noted that U
cause the rotation only of drums 20 and 22. The utility
shaped portions 82 of handle 80 functions also as a stop
by bending this end of the shaft 14 at right angles to its
primary portion and then rebending said axis end to form
member to limit the sliding movement of shaft 14 to the
left as viewed in ‘FIG. ‘6. Resilient washers 88 and 90
of being able to rotate all four drums as a unit or in indi
vidual pairs will be discussed hereinafter.
Drum pair 16, 18 is adapted to receive a length of rope
may be respectively secured to end caps 59 and 62 to 55
having two ends ‘130 and 132. End 130' is secured to side
cushion the impact of either stop member 79 or handle
wall 96 of drum 16 via an appropriate opening. Rope
88 thereagainst.
leading from end 130* is then wound for several turns on
interior cylindrical surface 98 of drum 16 in a clockwise
sense and then led from drum 16 (FIG. 1) to ‘become rope
tion of central shaft 14. Drum 16 comprisesrcircular side
length 24 which is led around the recessed circumference
walls 94 and 96 and an interior cylindrical surface 98
134 of a pulley wheel 136‘. Pulley wheel 136 is rotatively
upon which rope 24 may be wound. Drum 16 is fabri
mounted ‘on guide bar 28 via rivet 138 which is also fas
cat'ed by welding side walls 94 and 96 to tubular shaft 92
tened at its upper end to a U-shaped ‘bracket 140 secured
and thereafter welding surface 98 to side walls 94 and 96.
‘Drum 18 is constructed along the lines of drum 16 and 65 to guide bar 28 in a conventional manner. Rope length
24 continues about pulley wheel 136 to become rope
includes circular side walls 100 and i102 and cylindrical
length 25 which is led to drum 18 by ?rst passing about
surface 104 upon which rope 25 may be wound. Surface
a pulley 142 rotatively secured to rear wall 30 of housing
‘104 is merely the outer surface of shaft 92 enclosed be
12 via brackets 144 and 146. Rope 25 is then wound
tween side walls ‘100 and v102. It should be here noted
70 on drum 18 in the sense opposite to the sense of winding
that the rope storage diameter of drum .16 is considerably
of rope 24 on drum ‘16 ‘and end 132 thereof is secured to
larger than the rope storage diameter of drum 18 by
side wall 102 of drum 18 via an appropriate opening.
virtue of interior cylindrical surface 98 which provides
It is thus seen that rope lengths 24 and 25 constitute
the larger diameter of drum 16.
two clotheslines which may be held taut and from which
‘Because tubular shaft 92 is telescoped over a portion of
clothes may be suspended in order to dry.
\Drums 16 and 18 are integrally welded to or formed
from a tubular shaft 92 which is telescoped over a por
5
3,096,884
6
Drum pair 20, 22 is adapted (similarly to ‘drum pair 16,
in FIGS. 1 and 9. Because unwinding drums 16 and 22
are of a larger diameter than winding drums 18 and 20,
18) to receive a length of rope having two ends 148 and
150. End ‘148 is secured to side wall 118 of drum 22 via
an appropriate opening. Rope leading from end 148 is
much more rope 24 and 27 will be unwound from large
drums 16 and 22 than can be wound on small drums 18
then wound for several turns on interior cylindrical sur
face 120 of drum 22 in a clockwise sense and then led
ropes 24 and 27 and these ropes as well as ropes 25 and
from drum 22 (FIG. 1) to become rope length 27 which
26 accordingly grow in length to provide additional
and 20. Hence additional lengths of rope are added to
is led around the recessed circumference 152 of a pulley
vclothesline. When ropes 24, 25, 26 and 27 have grown
wheel 154. Pulley wheel 154 is rotatively mounted on
to almost the satisfactory length, pawl 168 is pivoted so
guide 'bar 28 via rivet 156 which is also fastened at its 10 that tooth 173 enters slot 176 to abut against a ratchet
upper end to a 'U-shaped bracket 158 secured to guide bar
tooth 166. Forward motion of all 'four drums is now re
28 in a conventional manner. Rope length 27 continues
strained and additional pulling on guide ‘bar 28 serves to
about pulley wheel 154 to become rope length 26 which
pull the four ropes taut. Bar 28 is then secured to a wall
is led to drum 20 by ?rst passing about a pulley 160 ro
(not shown) opposite to wall 37 to complete the assem
tatively secured to a rear wall 30 of housing 12 via brack
bly of the clothesline.
ets 162 and 164. Rope 26 is then wound on drum 20 in
When guide bar 28 is pulled outwardly to bring about
the sense opposite to the sense of winding of rope 27 on
unwinding of ropes 26 and 27, it has been found that one
drum 22 and end 150 thereof is secured to side wall 110
of the ropes maybe unwound more rapidly than the other
of drum 20 via an appropriate opening.
rope thereby giving rise to the situation where one rope
It is thus seen that rope lengths 26 and 27 constitute
pair, for example, ropes 24 and 25 will be longer than the
two 'clotheslines which may be held taut and from which
other rope pair 26 and 27. Such a situation is undesirable
clothes may be suspended in order to dry. Because rope
since further unwinding may be retarded as bar 28 is
lengths 24, 25, 26 and 27 are associated with guide bar
forced to rotate from its proper position in parallelism
28, said four rope lengths may be simultaneously held taut
with shaft .14 to a position substantially perpendicular
by securing bar 28 to a wall or other surface.
25 thereto because of the growing difference in length be
tween the rope pairs.
It should be further noted that the circumference of
This situation is simply remedied by vgrasping handle
side Wall 94 of drum 16 has ratchet teeth 166 formed
88 to slide central shaft 14 to the right as viewed in FIG. 6
therein (FIG. 4). A pawl 168 including an [arm 170
thereby disengaging tip 126 of ?nger 122 from side wall
(FIG. 5) is pivoted to the outer surface of end cap 62 at
172.
Pawl 168 includes a tooth 173 which lies in a 30 112 of drum 20. Drum pair 16, 18 may now be rotated
plane perpendicular to the remainder of pawl 168. As
shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 pawl 168 may be pivoted so that
tooth 173 enters slot 176 in end cap 62 and abuts against
a ratchet tooth 166 to restrain clockwise rotation thereof.
This in turn restrains clockwise rotation of drums 16 and
18 since side wall 94 of drum 16 is restrained from rota
tion and drums 16 and 18 can rotate only as a unit. More
over, if ?nger 122 is engaged in opening 128 in side wall
112 of drum 20 by appropriate sliding of shaft 14, drums
20 and 22 will also be restrained from rotation since all 40
independently of drum pair 28, 22. Thus, the shorter
pair of ropes, for example, ropes 26, 27 may be lengthened
by merely pulling rope ‘27 outwardly. Such a pull will
initiate the rotation only of drum pair 20, 22 while drum
pair 16, 18 remain stationary until the four ropes are of
equal length. Handle 80 is then pushed to move shaft 14
to the left to engage ?nger 122 with sidewall 112. All
four drums are again keyed together for simultaneous ro
tation and further unwinding may proceed.
The extended clothesline is returned to drums 24 and
four drums can now rotate only as a unit. Thus all four
27 by reversing the unwinding process. This is ‘done by
ropes may be simultaneously pulled taut by pulling on
guide bar 28. Pawl 168 may be pivoted away from slot
removing bar 28 from the wall to which it is secured and
pulling on either of ropes 25 or 26. It should be here
noted that when rope-s v24- and 27 have been unwound as
176 to rest on top wall 44 as shown in FIG. 4 to permit
free rotation of the drums.
In operation guide bar 28 is pulled outwardly in the
direction of arrow 178 of FIG. 1. The pull on guide bar
28 causes ropes 24 and 27 wound respectively on large
diameter ‘drums 16 and 22 to travel outwardly in the di
rection of arrows 188 and ‘182 (FIGS. 1 and 9) which in
turn causes shafts 92 and 188 and shaft 14 (shaft 14
being keyed to shaft 108 via ?nger 122 appropriately en
gaged in opening 128 in side wall 112 of drum 20) to
much as possible from drums ‘16 and 22, certain portions
of these ropes will have been rewound oniadrums 18 and
20 "as the unwinding process proceeded. See arrows 186
and 188. Thus drums 18 and 28 will contain certain
lengths of rope 25 and 26.
Hence :a pull on either rope 25 or 26 will cause all
four drums to rotate in ‘a ‘direction opposite to arrow 184
‘and ropes 25 vand 26 will be unwound from said drums 18
and 28 whereas ropes 24 and 27 will now be wound on
drums 16 and 22. Because the latter drums are of a larger
rotate in a clockwise direction ‘as shown by arrows 184 55
diameter than drums 18 and 2t}, considerably more rope
in FIG. 9. It should be pointed out that although ropes
24, 27 will be rewound on these drums than is unwound
25 and 26 may also tend to be pulled outwardly when
bar 28 is pulled outwardly and therefore tend to rotate
shafts 92 and 108 and shaft 14 in a counterclockwise di
from drums 18 and 20. Hence the unwinding process of
FIG. 9 proceeds in reverse until substantially all rope is
wound on drums '16 :and 22.
rection, this does not happen. This is so because the 60
It is thus seen that the present invention constitutes a
clockwise torque produced by ropes 24 ‘and 27 in com
reel-type clothes drier which is simple in construction and
bination with the larger diameter drums 16 and 22 is much
operation and economical in manufacture. It should be
greater and so overcomes the counterclockwise torque
further noted that in the present device the ropes 24 and
produced by ropes 25 and 26 in combination with the
25 constitute a single length of rope and likewise the ropes
smaller diameter drums ‘18 and 20.
65 26 and 27 constitute a second single length of rope. Each
As the four drums are rotated in the clockwise direc
single length of rope in operation may be subdivided into
tion of arrow 184 when bar 28 is pulled in the direction
three portions. A ?rst portion is wound in one sense on
of arrow 178 rope lengths 24 and 27 are respectively un
wound from drums 16 and 22. Because ropes 25 and 26
a large diameter drum and a second portion is wound in a
different sense on a small diameter drum- complementary
are respectively wound on drums 18 and 20 in -a sense 70 with the large diameter drum.
opposite to the sense of winding of ropes 24 and 27 on
drums 16 and 22, the clockwise rotation of all four drums
which causes the unwinding of rope lengths 24 and 27
causes the winding of rope lengths 25 and 26 respectively
on drums 18 and 20 as indicated by arrows 186 and 188
There is also an inter
mediate rope portion not wound on either ‘drum but adapt
ed to provide clothesl-ine pairs 24, 25 or 26, 27.
A second embodiment 200 of the present invention is
shown in FIGS. :10 to 14 which is generally similar to the
75 device of FIGS. 1 to 9. In device 206, however, a single
s,ose,sss
8
central shaft 262 is employed which is disposed throughout
the unit; Each drum pair is similar to drum pairs 16, 18
and 20, 22. Thus in drum pair 204, 2%, the former is of
a relatively large diameter. These drums are positioned
on tubular central shaft 268 in which is telescoped shaft
202. Similarly drum pair .210, 212 consists of drums of a
differing diameter and are positioned on a tubular shaft
214 in which is telescoped shaft 262.
It follows that drum
will tend to remain in the position of FIG. 12. This posi
tion is also sustained by the interaction of a projection
260 from ratchet wheel 230 with the offset tab 254. Be~
cause projection 260 is an integral part of ratchet wheel
230, it will rotate with it as indicated in FIGS. 12 and
13. Because tab 254 opens upwardly and away from
lever ?nger 250 as viewed in FIGS. 12 and 13, clockwise
rotation of drum 204 (FIG. 12) with ratchet wheel 230
pair 204, 206 is mechanically independent of drum pair
causes projection 260‘ to ride against and over tab 254
210, 212 land that rotation of one drum pair as by with 10 and tend to force it upwardly thereby sustaining its posi
tion. When drum 204 is rotated in the counterclockwise
drawal of rope therefrom will not ‘initiate rotation of the
other drum pair. Rope lengths 216, 217 and 218, 219 are
respectfully wound on the drum pairs in a manner similar
to rope lengths 24, 25 and 26, 27. However, as shown
direction of FIG. 13, projection 26% abuts against the
uppermost edge of tab 254. Continued rotation of
in FIG. 10, a guide “bar may be dispensed with and pulleys
ratchet wheel 230 causes projection 2601 to force lever
250 downward (counterclockwise) as viewed in FIG. 13
220 and 222 similar to that shown in US. Patent No.
and thereby permit pawl 222 to descend downwardly as
2,147,183 used instead for individual control.
aforesaid. Lever 236 projects through opening 262 in
the casing and may be returned to the position of FIG.
device of FIGS. ‘1 to =10. As previously stated, unit 2%
12 by merely pushing it downwardly as indicated by ar
differs from the previous device in that the vdrum pairs 20 row 264.
are mechanically distinct. Another signi?cant difference
Obviously many modi?cations and variations of the
lies in pawls 1222 and 224 which are constructed general
present invention are possible in the light of the above
ly along the lines of pawl 163 but are positioned inside the
teachings. It is, therefore, to be understood that within
casing as shown in FIG. 11. Pal/V1222 is pivotally secured
the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be
to end wall 226 of the casing and includes a pawl ?nger 25 practiced otherwise than as speci?cally described.
Embodiment 2th) is used in a manner similar to the
228 which is adapted to cooperate with teeth 23%} of a
ratchet member 232 which forms one side wall of drum
> What is claimed as the invention is:
1. A reel-type clothes drier comprising in combina
204. Thus when pawl ?nger ‘22% is engaged with 1a tooth
230 :as shown in FIG. 13 clockwise rotation of drum 204
is restrained inasmuch as attempted rotation in that direc
tion merely increases the degree of contact between ?nger
ing axially aligned, said ?rst and second drum pairs each
228 and tooth 230.
comprising a drum of a relatively large diameter and a
Counterclockwise rotation or rewind
ing of drum 204 is, however, permitted.
The foregoing mode of operation adds a great measure
of convenience to device 2% which is generally used as
shown in FIG. 9. ‘Pulley 220 is pulled away from the
casing and in so doing as previously explained in connec
tion with the device of FIG. 9, rope 216 is withdrawn
from drum 2'04 and rope 217 is wound on drum 206 to
provide a net increase in unwound rope length. When 40
substantially, the desired unwound rope length ‘has been
provided, the user need only tug :at rope 217 in the direc
tion a ?rst pair of rope storage ‘drums secured to‘ a ?rst
tubular shaft and a second pair of rope storage drums
secured to a second tubular shaft, said tubular shafts be
drum of a relatively small diameter, a central shaft ro
tatably and slidably mounted in the drier, and telescoped
within said tubular shafts and being keyed to said ?rst
tubular shaft, and means for releasably connecting said
central shaft to said second tubular shaft whereby said
drum pairs may be simultaneously rotated and whereby
said second tubular shaft may be disconnected from said
central shaft so that said drum pairs may be independent
ly rotated.
2. The invention of claim 1 wherein a length of rope
tion of arrow 234 as would be done to rewind rope 216
is associated with each of said drum pairs, said length
on drum ‘2614. Tugging on rope 217, causes drum 294
of rope including a ?rst portion, a second portion and a
and its ratchet side 23% to rotate in a counterclockwise di
portion intermediate said ?rst and second portions and
rection as discussed in connection with FIG. 9 and as 45 adapted to be secured to a remote point to provide a pair
shown in FIG. 13. The lever arm 236 which has held
of clothesline ropes, said ?rst portion of rope being
pawl 222 in inactive position is caused to drop (for rea
sons to be explained in the next paragraph), thereby per
wound in one sense on said large diameter drum and
said second portion of rope being wound in a different
sense on said small diameter drum whereby when said
?rst portions of rope are unwound from said large diam
eter drum, certain portions thereof not rewound on said
the device of FIGS. ‘1-9. As drum 204 is now restrained
small diameter drum will provide additional rope for said
from clockwise rotation, further unwinding thereof cannot
intermediate rope portion and whereby when said second
occur and attempts to pull rope 216 outwardly will result
in a desirable tightening of the same. Drum 204 can be 55 portion of rope is unwound from said small diameter
drum, said second portion as well as said intermediate
rotated in a counterclockwise direction for purposes of
portion will be wound on said large diameter drum.
rewinding rope 216 thereon. Pawl 224 functions .in a man
3. The invention of claim 2 wherein a guide bar is
ner similar to pawl 222, is pivotally secured to spacer
provided
having a pair of pulley wheels rotatively
238 and is withheld from engagement with ratchet side
240 of drum r212 by a releasable lever arm (not shown). 60 mounted thereon and wherein the intermediate portion of
each of said ropes is associated with a pulley wheel and
Releasable lever arm 236 as shown in FIG. 12 com
whereby said guide bar is adapted to be suspended at sub
prises an elongated lower ?nger 242 pivotally secured as
stantially the same level as said central shaft.
shown in FIG. 14 to» end wall ‘226 via rivet 244, the cen
4. The invention of claim 1 wherein one of the drums
tral stem 246 of which has a coil spring stub 248 tele
scoped thereover which is held in compressed condition 65 of one of said drum pairs is comprised of a ratchet wheel
and wherein a pivotally mounted pawl is provided which
to frictionally ‘resist pivoting of lower ?nger 242 and its
may be associated with said ratchet wheel to restrain ro
associated upper ?nger 250‘ which is ?xedly secured there
tation of said central shaft.
to. Finger 250 includes an offset tab 254 stamped there
5. The invention of claim 4 including a casing cover
from and also includes a nose 256, with inclined edge
258. Pawl ?nger 228 rests against inclined edge 258‘ and 70 ing said drum pairs and wherein the pawl is held in dis
engaging position by a lever within said casing which is
glides thereover when the lever arm 236 is caused to‘ fall
adapted to be released when said drums are rotated in a
to the position of FIG. 13 and pawl 222 is thereby per
mitting pawl ‘222 to fall into the engaging position of
FIG. 13. Hence, it is not necessary to manually bring the
pawl in operative position as was done in connection with
mitted to engage ratchet 2301.
given direction thereby permitting said pawl to engage
Normally lever arm 236 will remain in any position
to which it is rotated because of spring 248. Hence it
said ratchet wheel.
6. The clothes drier of claim 1 wherein said central
3,096,884
10
shaft has a ?nger secured thereto and is slidable within
said tubular shafts, and said second drum pair contains
a side Wall adjacent said ?nger, said side wall having at
least one opening ‘formed therein, whereby said ?nger
may be inserted in said opening by sliding said central
shaft in said second tubular shaft thereby providing the
releasable securement.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
908,927
930,390
Woitynek _____________ __ Jan. 5, 1909
Kneisiey ____________ __ Aug. 10, 1909
941,898
1,433,921
1,457,956
1,513,445
2,499,123
Van Riper ___________ __ Nov. 30, 1909
Watkins _____________ __ Oct. 31,
Benczalski ____________ __ June 5,
Cohrs _______________ __ Oct. 28,
White _______________ __ Feb. 28,
1922
1923
1924
1950
FOREIGN PATENTS
68,937
10
Denmark _____________ __ Apr. 4, 1949
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