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Патент USA US3097596

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July 16, 1963
3,097,586
P. A. WEBER
APPARATUS FOR DEVELOPING COLOR FILM AND MAKING COLOR PRINTS
Filed June 29. 1961
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
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July 16, 1963
3,097,586
P. A. WEBER
APPARATUS FOR DEVELOPING COLOR FILM AND MAKING COLOR PRINTS
Filed June 29, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
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July 16, 1963
P. A. WEBER
3,097,586
APPARATUS FOR DEVELOPING COLOR FILM AND MAKING COLOR PRINTS
Filed June 29, 1961
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
INVENTOR.
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United States Patent O "ice
3,097,586
Patented July 16, 1963
1
2
3,097,586
The character 24 indicates a further platform having
the openings at 25, which openings loosely receive the
posts 111, and attached to the platform 24 are the mem
APPARATUS FOR DEVELOPING CGLOR FILM
AND MAKING COLÜR PRINTS
I’aul A. Weber, 426 Benson Bldg., Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Filed June 29, 1961, Ser. No. 120,647
5 Claims. (Cl. 95-89)
bers 26 having the sloping faces 27. Bearing against
the sloping faces 27 is a transverse Ibar 28 which is se
cured to a vertical shaft 29, which shaft 29 is operated
by means of an electric motor 30, this arrangement pro
viding means whereby operation of the electric motor 30
My invention- pertains to a machine which will provide
will cause the bar 28 in bearing against the sloping faces
the process yfor «developing the necessary color in color
Ifìlm or a color print after the color hlm has been ex IO 27 to cause a vibratory action. Attached between the
platforms 22 and 24 are the springs 31.
posed in a camera, or the appropriate color sensitized
The character 32 indicates a further platform which
or other material has been exposed by contact with color
can be suitably secured to the stationary posts 11 in any
film, a color film negative or in an enlarger.
suitable manner, and attached to the platform 32 is a
An object of my invention is to provide a machine
further electric motor 33 which drives an arm 34, which
which will perform this process in a relatively simple
arm 34 is pivotally connected at 3S to the lengthened ‘
structure which can be used by the operator in a more
straps 36. Pivotally attached at 37 to the straps 36
0r less restricted space, without requiring the relatively
large machines for such processing.
are the arms or levers 38 which are pivoted at 39 by
A further object of my invention is to provide a proc
ess and apparatus which will develop the color through
the use of several solutions, and with automatic means
means of the transverse members 40 (see FIGURE 4)
for advancing the color -tilm or paper or other sensitized
transverse straps having the enlarged openings 43, which
to the brackets 41 which are extensions of the mem
ber 32. The character 42 indicates a pair of upper
openings 43 receive the upper ends of the members 38.
material to the necessary separate chemical baths,
Attached to the straps 42 are the .bars y44 which are
A further object of my invention is to provide an auto
matically operating spray or washing arrangement for the 25 received within the openings 45 within the collars or
developing purposes.
A further object of my invention is to provide an ar
rangement which will function to agitate the film or paper,
etc., automatically at a pre-determined time.
sleeves 46, which sleeves or collars are secured to the
braces or supports 47 which are suitably secured to the
member 32.
Attached to the transverse straps 42 at 48 are the
A further object of my invention is to provide light 30 straps 49, which straps are secured to the housings 50,
the housings 50 including the spray nozzles 51 therein
tight and water-tight compartments which will automati
(see FIGURE 5), which nozzles communicate to the
cally close at the proper intervals to process the ñlm,
flexible pipes 52, which pipes will pass to any suitable
and which compartments will include suitable light means
enclosed therein, which light means will 'be actuated at
the proper intervals.
A further object of my invention is to provide an
electrical circuit together with electrical contact means
whereby the process can be regulated as to intervals.
source of the necessary water or liquid to be supplied,
and the character 53 indicates electric bulbs suitably en
closed within the transparent plastic enclosures 54
whereby the bulbs will be water-proof, etc., the char
acter `55 indicating a suitable reñector, the character 56
With these and other objects in view, my invention 40 indicating a mirror or other reflecting surface. The
character 56a designates relatively soft gaskets which
consists in the construction, arrangement, and combina
are attached about the perimeters of the housings 50.
tion of the various parts of my device, whereby the o’b
The platform 32 (see FIGURE 4) includes an opening
jects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully
57 therein. The housings 50 can include any suitable
set forth, pointed out in my claims, and illustrated in
drainage means.
the accompanying drawings, in which:
45
Attached to the posts :11 are the collars 5‘8, and at
FIGURE 1 is a side elevation of the device,
tached to the collars 58 are the tracks 59. Supported
FIGURE 2 is a side elevation of a detail,
on the tracks 59 by means of the small rollers `60 are
FIGURE 3 is a plan view of FIGURE 2,
the frameworks 61 which are adapted to receive the
FIGURE 4 is a plan view of FIGURE l,
FIGURE 5 is a detail showing fragmentary sections, 50 various longitudinally spaced tanks y62. therein, these tanks
62 being adapted to receive the |various solutions for proc
FIGURE `6 is an end view of one of the contact discs,
essing the >film or paper. Attached to the `framework
IFIGURE 7 is a side view of the disc shown in FIG
members 61 are the outwardly extending pins 63.
URE -6 with further details,
Suitably secured to the traclcs 59 as at 64 and to one
FIGURE 8 is a schematic view of the electrical circuit,
and
55 of the members 5S as 'at 65 are the spaced sprockets 66,
which are :attached to the shafts 67, ‘and engaging these
FIGURE 9` is a further isometric view of the contact
sprockets «are the sprocket chains 68, the sprocket chains
arrangement.
`
68 including the pins 69 attached thereto, There can
In describing my invention I have used the character
be provided a driving unit comprising the members 66,
10 to designate a base, the character «11 indicating four
vertically positioned posts attached to the base 10. At 60 68, etc., at either side of the arrangement if desired, which
units will be properly synchronized to provide a uniform
tached at the upper ends of the posts l11 as at 12 is the
action at either side. The character 69a indicates electric
top platform 13, and attached to the platform 13 is the
motors lfor »driving one of the shafts 67.
suppcîrt 14, to which support is attached an electric mo
The character 70 =(see FIGURE l) indicates by dotted
tor 15, which electric motor through certain reduction
gearing arrangements drives the disc 16. Attached to 65 lines a supporting rod for supporting the ñlm strips, and
attached to the rod 70 is a suitable fframework 71 which
the disc 16 is an arm 17 which is pivotally attached at
will support the lilm strips 72, it being understood, how
18 to a strap 1'9, which strap is pivotally attached at 20
ever, that any other type yof supporting arrangement can
to the braces 2-1 which are secured to a further plat
form 22.
be used, and ,it also being understood that any other type
The platform 22 includes suitable openings as at 23 70 of material cany be Ádeveloped such as ñlms on reels, paper
so that this platform can reciprocate upwardly and down
in stainless steel hangers, or fother sensitized material, etc.
wardly on the posts =11.
Attached t'o the platform 22 at 73 is the bar 74 having
3,097,586
3
Q.
the horizontal portion 75, and the character 76 indicates
a contact switch having the contact button 77, which
switch is lattached to the framework portion 32.
For providing the contacting arrangement for the vafri
ous electrical circuits, I provide la series of spaced discs
78, 79, 80, 81, Iand 82, which discs are adapted to control
respectively the solenoid 83, which solenoid is adapted =to
in FIGURE 2 ready to advance the next succeeding tank
62 for «the next step to be processed.
Ilhe example cited above assumes that the material be
control the valves for turning the water on and off, the
various steps in the sequence) can be arranged ‘by the
operator by changing pegs 86 in discs 78, 79, 80, 81,
solenoid 84 being adapted to control the lights 53, the
ing processed requires exposure to light after passing
through the first of the solutions in tanks 62. Should a
different sequence of operations ‘be required -by this par
ticular material, such sequence (and the duration of the
motor 15, the motor 33, the motor or motors 69a, and 10 and 82.
the vibrator motor 30.
It will be noted that the connection of the various
Each of these discs include the openings 35» which are
spaced about the edges of the discs, ‘and inserted within
these openings Iare the various insulated pegs 86 (see
FIGURES 6 and 7). rIllese discs are »attached ‘to the
square shaft 87, which shaft is driven by means of a
sprocket 8S which sprocket engages a sprocket chain 89,
which .sprocket chain 89 engages any suitable motor or
other driving source, the character 90 indicating a bracket
members 36, 33, 42, etc. will yforce the casings 50 apart
again, ready for a further operation.
The various cycles and time intervals can be controlled
as explained above, and so that the relation Ibetween the
cycles can also be established properly.
It should be understood that my invention as explained
herein discloses certain forms of my contemplated inven
tion, however, it should be noted that various modifica
which can be attached to any type of fbase desired.
20 tions could be made and still maintain the spirit an-d intent
The character 91 indicates a Contact switch which is
thereof.
controlled ‘by means of a leaf spring 92 (see FIGURE 7),
It will now be seen that I have provided the advantages
and so that pressure against the leaf spring 92 by the pegs
mentioned in the objects of my invention with further
86 will maintain contact, or will close the circuit there
advantages being apparent.
being a switch arrangement 91 yfor each of the discs.
Some changes may be made in the construction and
25
The pegs 86 in combination with the switches 91, 92,
arrangement of the parts of my invention without depart
provide means whereby the interval between contacts 'as
ing from the real spirit and purpose of my invention, and
well as the duration of the contact can be regulated by
lit is my intention to cover by my claims any modified
the ioperator to any desired interval spacing and operating
forms of structure or use of mechanical equivalents which
cycle, by merely changing the spacing of the pegs 86 about 30 may be reaonably included within their scope.
the periphery of the various discs. For instance, as
I claim as my invention:
shown in FIGURE 7, the contact will be maintained
l. An apparatus for developing color film or paper
on the particular circuit that the disc operates during the
comprising a base, Vertical supports attached to said base,
rotation of the eight pegs shown past the spring element
an upper platform supported by said supports, an inter
92, not all of the openings 85 being shown in FIGURE 7. 35 mediate platform, means for suspending film or paper
In this manner the frequency of contact as explained
from said intermediate platform, a pair of opposed cas
above and the duration .of the Contact can be regulated
ings mounted on said supports, means for advancing said
for each of the various cycles of operation which will now
opposed casings towards each other, said casings being
be described.
open inwardly and said casings being adapted to receive
The film 1or paper which is to be processed for color is 40 said film or paper, and whereby movement of said casings
supported as explained from the framework 70 and, 71,
towards each other will provide a film or paper process
and after the various pegs 86 have been set for the re
ing chamber, means for lighting said chamber, and means
quired cycle and frequency, the main switch 93 can be
for injecting water into said chamber, means for retract
closed. The motor 15 will rotate, which will rotate the
ing said casings, means for agitating said intermediate
arm -17 and correspondingly through the various connec 45 platform to agitate said film or paper at desired pre-deter
tions will rforce the platform 22 downwardly, the char
mined sequences.
acter 94 indicating further stabilizing posts which pass
2. An apparatus for developing color film or paper
through the openings 95. As the film or paper is carried
comprising a base, vertical supports attached to said base,
downwardly, it will enter into one of the tanks 62, or the
an upper platform supported by said supports, an inter
tank which has been previously filled with the required 50 mediate platform, means for suspending film or paper
solution for the proper color. As soon as the platform
from said intermediate platform, a pair of opposed cas
22 is lowered to this position, the members 75 will cause
ings mounted on said supports, means for advancing said
the `switch 76 to be operated, which will thereby cause
opposed casings towards each other, said casings being
the motor 30 to rotate, whereby the bar 28 will abut
open inwardly and said casings being adapted to receive
against the surfaces 27, this action causing the required 55 said film or paper, and whereby movement of said casings
agitation of the film or paper. Continued rotation of the
towards each other will provide a film or paper processing
arm 17 will then carry the platform 22 upwardly to the
chamber, means for lighting said chamber, and means for
position shown in FIGURE l, and during the next cycle,
injecting water into said chamber, means` for retracting
the motor 33 will start its operation, which due to the
said casings, a frame mounted on said base, means for
connection of the members 36 to the bars 42, will swing 60 advancing said frame along said base, said frame includ
these bars 42 inwardly, thereby carrying the casings 50
ing a plurality of spaced tanks, each of said tanks includ
inwardly towards each other until the gaskets 56a will
ing a solution therein for processing said film or paper,
abut, the support posts 70 being thin enough so that the
means for moving said intermediate platform downwardly
resilient gaskets will be in snug engagement, and at this
whereby said film or paper will enter certain of said
point the solenoid S4 is actuated, which will cause the 65 tank in pre-determined relation, means for agitating said
bulbs 53 to operate, which light will be dispersed through
intermediate platform to agitate said film or paper at
yout the interior of the casings 50 due tothe reflectors, and
desired pre-determined sequences.
next, the solenoid 83 is actuated which causes the water
3. An apparatus for developing color film or paper
to flow through the pipes 53 and through the nozzles 51.
comprising a base, vertical supports attached to said base,
During this action the next adjacent tank 62 will be 70 an upper platform supported by said supports, an inter
advanced since the motors 69a will be actuated `in the
mediate platform, means for suspending film or paper
proper cycle, and the pins 69 will be carried against the
pin 63 to thereby advance the frame 61 in the direction
of the arrow 96 (see FIGURE 2) until the pin 69 will
from said intermediate platform, a pair of opposed cas
ings mounted on said supports, means for advancing said
opposed casings towards cach other, said casings being
clear the pin 63 and will come back to the position shown 75 open inwardly and said casings being adapted to receive
3,097,586
6
said film or paper, and whereby movement of said casings
towards each other will provide a film or paper processing
chamber, means for lighting said chamber, and means
for injecting water into said chamber, means for retract
ing said casings, a frame mounted on said base, means for
advancing said frame along said base, said frame including
a plurality of spaced tanks, each of said tanks including a
solution therein for processing said film or paper, means
for moving said intermediate platform downwardly where
whereby said film or paper will enter certain of said tanks
in pre-determined relation, means for agitating said inter
mediate platform to agitate said ñlm or paper at desired
pre-determined sequences, said frame advancing means
including a plurality of longitudinally spaced pins attached
to said frame, a sprocket chain including further pins
attached thereto, said further pins being adapted to bear
against said pins to move said frame, means for driving
said sprocket chain, electric circuits for providing certain
by said film or paper will enter certain of said tanks in 10 of said means including a plurality of discs, said discs
predetermined relation, means for agitating said inter
mediate platform to agitate said film or paper at desired
predetermined sequences, Said frame advancing means
having a plurality of peripherally spaced openings, pegs
received in said openings, circuits controlled by said pegs
according to the number of said pegs in said openings,
including a plurality of longitudinally spaced pins at
and the spacing of said pegs on said discs.
5. An apparatus for developing color ñlm or paper
comprising a base, vertical supports attached to said base,
an upper platform supported by said supports, an inter
mediate platform, means for suspending film or paper
tached to Said frame, a sprocket chain including further 15
pins attached thereto, said further pins being adapted to
bear against said pins to move said frame, means for driv
ing said sprocket chain.
from said intermediate platform, a pair of opposed casings
4. An apparatus for developing color ñlm or paper
comprising a base, vertical supports attached to said base, 20 mounted on said supports, means for advancing said
an upper platform supported by said supports, an inter
opposed casings towards each other, said casings being
open inwardly and said casings being adapted to receive
mediate platform, means for suspending ñlm or paper
from said intermediate platform, a pair of opposed cas
said `film or paper, and whereby movement of said casings
towards each other will provide a film or paper processing
ings mounted on said supports, means for advancing said
opposed casings towards each other, said casings being 25 chamber, means for lighting said chamber, and means for
open inwardly »and said casings being adapted to receive
injecting water into said chamber, said means for advanc
ing said opposed casings including a motor, an arm rotated
said film or paper, and whereby movement of said casings
towards each other will provide a film or paper processing
by said motor, levers pivotally attached to said arm, trans
verse bars engaging the upper ends of said levers, means
chamber, means for lighting said chamber, and means for
injecting Water into said chamber, means for retracting 30 for attaching said transverse bars to said casings.
said casings, a frame mounted on said base, means for
advancing said frame along sai-d base, said frame includ
ing a plurality of spaced tanks, each of said tanks in
cluding a solution therein for processing said film or paper,
means for moving said intermediate platform downwardly 35
References Cited in the file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,991,703
Eloranta ____________ __ July 11, 1961
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