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Патент USA US3097668

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July 16, i963
3,097,657
N. L. SOLOMON
HAIR CURLERS
Filed Aug. 25, 1959
d
„.
United States Patent C) ” ICC
1
3,097,657
Patented July 16, 1963
2
inwardly as the hair is rolled thereon for imposing a
3,097,657
generally constant tension on the hair to secure a more
HAIR CURLERS
Nathan L. Solomon, 343 Highview Road, Englewood, NJ.
Fiied Aug. 25, 1959, Ser. No. 835,999
3 Claims. (Cl. 132-39)
natural looking curl.
This invention relates to devices used for forming curls
in the hair, `and particularly to hair curlers that make
lightweight »and -allows any moisture in the hair to freely
evaporate.
Other subjects and features lof the invention will be
A yet further >object is to provide a hair curling device
that accomplishes all of the a-bove and yet is simple
to use even by the self user, inexpensive to fabricate,
soft smooth curls and more particularly to provide a hair
apparent when the following description is considered
in connection with the annexed drawings in which:
FIGURE 1 is an exploded perspective front elevational
view of one embodiment of the present invention;
curling device that positively holds in place the ends
of the strands of a swatch of hair to be rolled as the
ends of the strands initially contact the rolling surface of
the `curler without requiring any further act of the user.
FIGURE 2 is a partially broken away front elevational
With ‘curlers of this general type there has always been
a problem of initially holding in place on the curling 15 view of the curler shown in FIGURE l assembled;
FIGURE 3 is `a cross-sectional view taken along line
surface the ends of a swatch of hair to be curled prepara-~
3-3 of FIGURE 2;
tory to rolling the swatch of hair onto the curler body.
FIGURE 4 is a longitudinal perspective view of a
Due to the small frictional «force existing between mate
further embodiment of the outer support member of the
rials conventionally used in curlers and hair, various
attempts have been made to retard, hold or otherwise 20 present invention;
FIGURE 5 is a side view of the embodiment shown in
maintain the ends of the strands of hair on the curler body
FIGURE 4; and
preparatory to rolling the curl. Heretofore, curlers have
FIGURE 6 is ta side view showing the outer support
had outwardly extending projections from the surface of
member of FIGURE 5 in its open position to receive the
the curler, roughened portions on the outer surface,
separate clamping arms, etc. These efforts helped, but 25 brush member.
Referring no-w to the embodiment of the present in
did not solve, the problem, »and oftentimes the user, even
vention sho-wn in FIGURES l through 3. A brush or
with these aids, had to hold Ithe ends of the swatch of hair
inner body member 11 'has «a central support member 13
on the curler with one hand and rotate the curler with
which supports -a multiplicity of bristles 15 projecting
the other hand in order to roll the swatch of hair onto the
radially from and longitudinally along central support
curler body. To »secure any beneñt from these aids curlers
member 13. Preferably bristles 15 are evenly distributed
required a separate clamping section or a separate pre
about the outer peripheral surface of central 4support
positioning of the curler surface with respect to the ends
member 13 and are of such a length that their ends
of the strands of hair which resulted in a delay in rolling
define ra substantially cylindrical surface so that the
each curl and an awkwardness for self users until a
skill or knack was acquired from long use. These prior 35 outer peripheral surface of brush 11 is a uniform cylinder.
It is desirable that bristles 15 have a high degree of
art features for aiding in holding the end-s of the strands
resiliency so that they will retain their shape after use
of hai-r to be rolled also added to the cost of the curler
for producing uniform smooth curls. Bristles 15 may be
as well as detnaoted from «its general appearance.
Since many curlers of this general type are used simul 40 made from any suitable resilient material which is capable
of withstanding the ingredients normally used in hair
taneously, it is essential that they be inexpensive and
waving lotions. Preferably central support member 13
light in weight. Also, due to h-air waving solutions being
has ends 16 and 17 free of bristles 15.
used with the curlers which often are highly corrosive
Central support member 13 is preferably made of a
to metals and certain other materials, the curler should
be preferably made of materials that can withstand these 45 pair of stili metal wires or rods and twisted to form
crimps or ribs, ynot shown, with groups >of bristles 15
solutions as well as allowing Vany moisture in the hair
caught between adjacent ribs or crimps so that the bristles
to freely evaporate.
are linedly held in position. Ends 16l and 17 have the
With these requirements in view, it is therefore an
individual pieces of wire or rod in abutting relation and
object of the present invent-ion to provide a hair curling
device that positively holds and maintains the ends of 50 of the same length to form a unitary end. Other cen
tral support structures may be devised by those skilled
strands of hair initially placed thereon preparatory to
rolling these strands into a curl independent of any further
acts of the user, thereby allowing quick and easy rolling
of swatches of hair for curl formation even by the self
user.
It is a further object of 4the present invention to
provide a curler that positively lgrasps the ends of the
strands of hair to -be wound thereon wherever the ends
are placed on the rolling surface of the curler, thus
55
in the art.
An outer support member designated generally at 18`
in FIGURE l has a pair of annular end members `or
discs 2t) and 22. Discs 20 and 22 each have a centrally
disposed aperture 24 and 25 respectively therein. Aper
tures 24 land 425 are of the same relative shape as ends
17 and 16 of support member '13 but are Vslightly larger
for receiving ends 17 and 16 therethrough. Spaced about
eliminating any initial prepositioning of the curler body 60 on a lateral face of disc 20 and adjacent .the peripheral
edge thereof are a series of ribs or rods 28. While
with respect to the ends of the strands of hair for at
tempted securement thereto which Was awkward and dis
concerting to the home user.
It is another object of the present invention to provide
ribs 28 are shown in FIGURE 3 to be circular in cross
section, other shapes may be used.
End member or
disc 22 has Ia series of transverse apertures 30 therein
a hair curling device of relatively simple construction 65 adjacent its peripheral edge equal in number as ribs 28
for receiving the ends thereof. The outer diameter of
the interrupted cylinder formed by ribs 28 is less than
the outer diameter of the cylindrical surface defined by
upon it and supporting and maintaining the strand-s of
the ends of bristles 15 so that upon assembly of brush
hair in this spread position all during use so as to produce
a smooth, even curl.
70 11 within outer support member 18, the ends of bristles
15 extend beyond ribs 28 as seen best in FIGURES 2 and
Still «another object is to provide a hair curling device
3. End member 20l has a series of apertures 29 therein.
that has a resilient body section for yielding resiliently
which is adapted to spread the strands of a swatch of hair
over the body portion of the curler when they are rolled
3,097,657
3
4
To assemble, the ends of ribs 28 extending from annu
lar end member 20 are disposed substantially concen
trically about central support member 13 and are forced
through resilient bristles 15 with aperture 24 in end
member 20 receiving end 117 of central support mem
other leg of the hair pin disposed upon the outer surface
of the swatch of hair. With the embodiment shown in
FIGURE 4 the lower leg of the hair pin may be posi
ber 13.
The inner lateral surface of `disc or end 20 is
positioned abutting the radial surface of bristles 15 as
shown best in FIGURE 2. End member 22 is placed
in position with aperture 25 receiving end 16 of central
support member 13 and eac‘h aperture 30 receiving a
respective end of a rib 28. End disc 22 is placed flush
against its respective radial surface of bristles 15. End
22 is retained in position in any convenient manner,
such as by spreading apart the wires of the ends of cen
tioned upon the inner surface of the curl between any
two -adjacent radial arms 42 or 44, whichever end is most
convenient, and the outer leg of the hair pin placed on
the outer surface of the swatch of hair on the curling
device. The lower leg of the hair pin is easily inserted
through resilient bristles 15 of the body member 11 in
each embodiment. Other means of holding a swatch of
hair in position after the swatch has been wound on the
curler body may be used, such as `a resilient stretchable
cord or band attached at one end of the curling device
with a hook or cap secured to the other end of stretch
tral support member 13, or making aperture 25 slightly 15 able cord for attachment to the other end of the curling
device after the curl is rolled. Other methods for hold
smaller than the outer diameter of end 16 of central
ing the curl in place may be devised by those skilled in
support member 13 or making apertures 30 tightly en
Y the art.
gaging the ends of ribs 28. As shown in FIGURE 1 the
It will be understood that the curler device can be con
ends of ribs 28 have a protuberance 20 thereon which
upon being forced through respective apertures 30 secure 20 structed of any suitable material but from the standpoint
of economy and weight it is desirable to form the same
ly retains disc 22 in position. As shown, all of ribs
from a resilient plastic material so that the resulting
2S have protuberances on their ends; however, if desired,
curler produces a iirm and yet slightly yieldable body.
only selected ribs may have them.
A modified outer support member 31 is shown in
lIt is desirable that ribs 28 and 46 be ilexible so they will
FIGS. 4 through 6. At each end of outer support mem 25 yield resiliently upon hair being rolled thereon and thus
ber 31 and substantially coaxial to the longitudinal axis
exert a continuous outward force on the curled hair so
thereof is a substantially toroidal center portion 33 and
as to form a more natural looking curl.
35 defining apertures 36 and 37 respectively therein.
While outer support members 18 and 31 were illustra
Radially extending from toroidal end portion 33 are a
tively shown to have ‘8 ribs `any `other number of ribs
series of arms 42 and radially extending from toroidal 30 may be used. Also, discs 20 and 22 may be perforated
end portion 35 are a series of arms 44 with individual
to reduce weight.
arms 42 being coplanarly aligned with a respective arm
Also, while brush or body member 11 was illustratively
44. Arms 42 and 44 «are of identical height. Connect
shown to have a dense amount of bristles radially ex
ing the ends of each respective coplanarly aligned arms
tending therefrom, l‘any amount of bristles may be used
42 and 44 are ribs 46. The outer surfaces of ribs 46 35 so long as there is sufficient bristles to provide positive
denne an interrupted cylindrical surface having a diam
grasping of the strands of hair of the swatch to be curled.
eter smaller than the outer diameter of the surface de
Central support member 13 may be made from plastic,
fined by the ends of bristles 15 of inner body 11, so
rubber, various metals with bristles 15 fixedly mounted
`that the ends of bristles 15 extend beyond ribs 46 in a
therein. Also, body member 11 and bristles 15 may be
manner similar to that shown in FIGURE 3. Toroidal 40 of one piece of construction such as moulded plastic or
portions 33 and 35 each have a radial slit or aperture
rubber. Bristles 15 may be 'of any suitable material
39 and 40 respectively therein between adjacent and
coplanarly aligned radial arms 42 and 44 respectively.
Preferably slits 39 and 40 in their normal position are
smaller than the smallest dimension of ends 16 and 17
having va high degree of flexibility or springiness.
While brush member 13 has projecting ends 16 and
17, if desired, it may eliminate these projecting ends and
rely on the interaction of bristles 15 and the ribs of the
Ends 33 and 35 are made of a 45 outer support members for retaining the brush in position
resilient ñexible material so that by exerting an outward
during use.
of central member 13.
pressure on the pair of arms 42 adjacent slip 39 and
the pair of arms 44 adjacent slip 40, slits 39 and 40
are substantially widened, as shown in FIGURE 6 for
While a prefer-red embodiment of the invention has
been described above, it will be understood that many
variations thereof will be readily apparent to those skilled
receiving ends 16 and 17 respectively of central support 50 in the art without departing from the spirit thereof.
member 13 in a manner substantially similar to that
shown in FIGURES 1 and 2 for placing brush 11 within
Therefore it is intended that the foregoing description
shall be illustrative only and not construed in a limiting
outer support member 31.
sense, the present invention being defined solely by the
In the use of the present invention, the ends of the
appended claims.
strands of hair in the swatch to be curled are spread upon 55
What -is claimed is:
the outer peripheral surface of brush or body member
1. A hair curling device comprising an elongated
11, which is the cylindrical surface defined by the ends
bristle support member having a pair of ends, resilient
of extending bristles 15 as seen best in FIGURES 2. and
bristles radially projecting from and longitudinally ex
3. The ends of bristles 15 engage the ends of the in
tending along said bristle support member, said bristles
60
dividual strands of hair in the swatch of hair to be curled
having ends deñning a cylindrical body surface, and a
and -hold them positively in place on the curler surface
resilient curl support member having at opposite ends a
without any further act or operation of the user required.
toroidal shaped central member with a plurality of ra
The curler is then rotated towards the head of the user.
dially extending arms therefrom, each arm of one cen
Resilient bristles 15 will ilex as the hair is rolled thereon
tral end membeu- planarly aligned with a respective arm
so that the hair is supported by ribs 28 or 46 of outer 65
of the other of said central end member forming a planar
support member 18 or 31 respectively. After the de
pair of arms, a longitudinally extending straight resilient
sired amount of hair is wound on »the curling device, any
rib interconnecting each arm of said planar pairs of
convenient means may be used to hold the hair in place
radially extending arms, said Iribs having outer faces de
thereon and to retain the curler from being accidentally 70 fining an interrupted cylindrical surface of a diameter
displaced from the hair. A bobby pin or other type of
less than the diameter of said cylindrical body surface
hair pin, not shown, may be used preferably with one
of said bristles, each of said central end members having
leg projecting through any convenient aperture 29 in
a radial slit between adjacent correspondingly planarly
side member 20 of the embodiment shown in FIGURE l
aligned radial arms so that said slits are coplanar, said
and disposed on the inner surface of the curl with the 75 slits being smaller than the smallest width of said ends
3,097,657
6
of said elongated bristle support member, said radial slits
in each of said central end members adapted to be en
larged upon urging apart the respective radial -arms ad
jacent each of said radial slits »for receiving a respective
end of said elongated bristle support member and adapted
to resume their normal position upon removal of said
urging apart of adjacent radial arms so that said ribs are
in spaced apart relation below the cylindrical body sur
face of said resilient bristles, said ribs adapted to yield
resiliently inwardly »as hair is wrapped on said bristle 10
body surface.
2. A hair curling device comprising an elongated brush
having a substantially cylindrical outer surface and a pair
of transverse end surfaces, and a longitudinal cunl support
3. A one-piece curl-support device for lremovably en
closing a cylindrical «brush comprising a pair of end
members, each member having a central portion with
axially aligned centrally ‘disposed apertures therein and
a peripheral surface, a plurality of arms radially extend
ing from each of said peripheral surfaces, each arm of
one end member planarly aligned with a corresponding
arm of the other end member for forming planar pairs
of radial arms, longitudinally extending ribs integrally
mounted on each arm of each of said planarly aligned
pairs «of arms, said ribs having outer .faces deiining an
interrupted cylindrical surface, each central portion of
said members having a radial passageway from said cen
tral aperture to its respective peripheral surface, said
member «disposed concentrically about said brush, said 15 passageways Ibeing coplanar and disposed between ad
jacent corresponding planarly aligned radial arms, said
curl support member having a pair of end support mem
radial passageways adapted to be enlarged in response to
a separating iìorce being exerted on adjacent radial arms
of each said end portions, so that a portion of said
apart land having outer faces defining an interrupted cy 20 brush can pass through the separated ribs, said radial
passageways returning to a normal position upon removal
lindrical surface of a diameter lless than the diameter of
of said separating force.
said cylindrical outer surface of said brush, each of said
bers adjacent said transverse en-d surfaces of said brush
and a plurality of longitudinally extending straight ribs
interconnecting said end members, said ribs being spaced
end members having a ooplanar radially aligned slit
therein between adjacent ribs, each of said radially aligned
slits adapted to be enlarged upon urging apart the ribs 25
adjacent each of said radial slits for enlarging the space
2,135,612
Bowyer ______________ __ Nov. 8, 1938
between said adjacent ribs so` that a portion of said brush
can pass through said lradial slit in each of said end mem
bers, each «of said slits being adapted to resume its normal
‘2,630,127
2,838,063
2,927,589
Isbell ________________ __ Mar. 3, 1953
Zimmerman __________ __ June l0', 1958
Lubore _______________ __ Mar. 8, 1960
337,998
Switzerland __________ __ lune 15, 19‘59l
position upon removal of said urging apart of adjacent 30
ribs whereby said brush is removably disposed within said
curl support member.
References Cited in the lile of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
FOREIGN PATENTS
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