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Патент USA US3097888

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July 16, 1963
B. BARENYI
3,097,878
AUTOMOBILEBODY AND DOOR CONSTRUCTION
Filed July 13, 1959
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
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July 16, 1963
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B. BARENYI
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3,097,878
AUTOMOBILE BODY AND DOOR CONSTRUCTION
Filed July 15,1959
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTOR.
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BELA BARENVI
July 16, 1963
B. BARENYI
3,097,878
AUTOMOBILE BODY AND DOOR CONSTRUCTION
Filed July 13, 1959
3 Sheets—Sheet 3
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INVENTOR. -
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United States Patent
3,@>97,878
Patented July 16, 1963,
2
3,097,878
Béla Barényi,.Stuttgart-Vaihingen, Germany, assignor to
Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft, Stuttgart-Unterturk
heim, Germany
AUTOMOBILE BODY ‘AND DOOR CONSTRUCTION
Filed July 13, .1959, Ser- No. 826,578
Claims priority, application Germany July 16, 1958
2 Claims. (Cl. 296-28)
Referring to the drawings, the car body according to
the invention essentially consists of a ‘frame W, four
fenders'K, two end walls E, two hoods H, four columns
or posts S, from and rear panorama Windshields P, a car
top D, and ‘two doors T. The doors T preferably form
sliding doors and the two halves of each door are pref
erably symmetrical relative to‘ the central vertical plane
thereof. Underneath doors T a cover strip B may be
mounted on the ‘frame W so as to be either permanently
The present invention relates to» an automobile con~ 10 or rernovably secured thereto.
struction, and more particularly to a passenger car with
Along its two substantially vertical edges, each door
a closed upper body and doors therein, and to the par
T is designed so that each of these edge portions is
ticular design and construction of such a body and doors
divided substantially at the center of the total height of
in their relation to each other.
the door and the upper and lower edge portions are later
It is an object of thepresent invention to provide a 15 ally and transversely offset relative to each other and the
door structure for. a passenger car in which each of the
substantially vertical edges of the car door is separated
intermediate edge portion extends substantially horizon
tally. Thus, as illustrated particularly in FIGURES 4
and 5, between each door and the adjacent body parts
other and to the automobile, and in which the edge por
eight joints will be formed, namely,la joint 1 between the
tion connecting the twosubstantially vertical parts ex 20 horizontal upper edge of the door and the car top D, a
tends substantially horizontally.
pair of joints‘ 2 between the upper edge portions at the
A further object of the invention consists in designing
front and rear ends of the door .and the posts S support
the 'body and door structure so that all of the horizontal
ing the top D, the two short horizontal joints 3 between
joints which are noticeable ‘from the outside between the
the mentioned horizontal edge portion at the front and
door and the adjacent body portions are of angular or
rear ends of the door and the adjacent parts of the body,
steplike shape.
a pair of joints 4 between the lower edge portions at the
The present invention produces the great advantage
front and rear ends of the door and the adjacent edges
that the installation of the door will be considerably
on the lower car body, and a joint 5 between the hori
simpli?ed, since minor inaccuracies in the shape of the
zontal lower edge of the door and the frame. In the
door and the adjacent body parts will now be practically 30 embodiment according to FIGURE 4, this joint 5 is cov
unnoticeable, whereas in previous door constructions such
ered and not visible from the outside, while in FIGURE
inaccuracies had to be carefully eliminated by compli
5 the door opening is reduced in height by the provision
cated and expensive re?nishing operations in order to at
of a cover strip B so that joints 41 will also be shortened
into two or more parts which are offset relative to each
tain a proper ?t of the door. This is primarily due to the
and the lower horizontal joint 51 will be visible.
fact that, according to the invention, the outer surfaces 35
In the embodiments according to FIGURES 6 and 7,
of the adjacent parts of the door and the car body are not
each .of the substantially vertical joints underneath the
disposed within-the sameplane at least at those joints
horizontal joints 3 is once more divided since each fender
along the door which are-always the most noticeable,
K is separated from the respectivehood H by another
namely, the horizontaljoints.
horizontal joint. The upper part of this vertical joint
It ‘is a ‘further object of- the invention also to make the 40 adjacent to joint 3 is indicated in FIGURES 6 and 7 at
other joints between the adjacent surfaces of the door
142. In the embodiment according to‘ FIGURE 6, in
and the car body wholly 'or- partly of an angular or step
which, similarly as in'FIGURE 4, the lower horizontal
like shape, particularly that part of the vertical join-t un
joint '5 is covered, the lower part» of each vertical joint 4
derneath the mentioned horizontal edge portion.
is indicated at 43, while in the embodiment according to
The present invention-is applicable with the greatest
FIGURE 7 in which the height of the door opening is
advantage particularly to'a sliding door, the two sides‘ of
shortened by the cover strip B, the lower part of each
which are symmetrical relative to the central vertical
vertical joint 4 is indicated at 44. Thus, in these two last
plane thereof, and which may be opened by ?rst being
mentioned embodiments there will be ten joints between
moved outwardly from the ‘car body and out of the door
the door and the adjacent body portions.
opening and then either ‘forwardly or rearwardly along
FIGURES 8 to 16‘ illustrate various other designs of
the car body in a'direction substantially parallel to the
the mentioned joints between‘ the door and the adjacent
outer walls thereof.
'
body portions.
Further objects, features, and advantages of‘the pres
In the embodiment according to FIGURE 8, the upper
ent invention will become apparent ?rom the following
55 horizontal joint 1 between door T and the car top D is
detailed description thereof, particularly when read with
made of 'an angular shape, and the lower horizontal joint
reference to the accompanying diagrammatical drawings,
5 is ‘covered. According to the modi?cation shown in‘
in which
FIGURE 9, however, the lower horizontal joint 51 is
FIGURE 1 shows a side view of a passenger car ac
step-shaped since the cover strip B projects outwardly
cording to the invention with two different door opening 60 beyond the outer surface of door T. The lower edge of
means;
the door T includes a lip-like projection which may be
FIGURE 2 shows a front view thereof;
integral with the door and of less width than the door
FIGURE 3 shows somewhat diagrammatically a top
adapted to be received in a complementary recessed area
plan view and FIGURE 3a shows a bottom plan view of
in the cover strip B. FIGURE 101 illustrates another
the car according to FIGURES l and 2;
65 modi?cation in which an‘ inwardly facing step con?gura
FIGURES 4 to 7 show side views of four different
tion forming a recess is provided at the upper horizon
modi?cations of the car doors according to the inven
tal joint 1 between door T and the top D.
tion; while
FIGURES 11 to 16 indicate the shape of the vertical
joints 42, 43, and 44 as illustrated in FIGURES 6 and 7.
cross sections of nine different modi?cations of a car 70 According to FIGURE 11, the vfenders K project from
door and the adjacent body portions of the car according
the lower part of door T at the joint 44 and are thus
to the invention.
transversely offset relative thereto. In FIGURE :12,
FIGURES 8 to 16 show similar vertical transverse
3,097,878
hoods H project at joints 42 from door T, while in FIG
URE 13, the fenders K as Well as hoods H project from
door T so that the joints 42 and 44 will be angular or
step-shaped. In all three embodiments according to FIG
URES 11 to 13, the lower horizontal joint 51 is visible
from the outside and likewise of an angular or steplike
4
tending joint, each intermediate substantially horizontally
extending joint being formed by edge portions of said
door and of said adjacent outer parts noticeably offset
in the transverse direction of the car with respect thereto,
and all of said horizontal joints around said door that
are visible from the outside of said car being of an an
The further modi?cation according to FIGURE 14
differs from the embodiment according to FIGURE 11
gular shape as viewed in transverse vertical planes
through said body, the above described construction of
said joints including the intentional offset of said outer
left and right sides thereof, the door T may be opened
by ?rst shifting or pivotig the same outwardly and out
door being substantially transversely offset with respect
to said adjacent outer body parts, and all of said joints
shape.
primarily by the fact that the cover strip B underneath 10 surface of said door relative to said outer body parts
being effective to facilitate assembly of the car and to
the door T is omitted, while the adjacent parts are still
render minor irregularities in the size of the respective
disposed at an angular relation to each other at the lower
elements less discernible.
vertical joint 51.
2. In a passenger car having a closed upper body in
-In the modi?cation according to FIGURE 15, the cen
cluding a plurality of outer body parts, at least one sliding
tral horizontal joint 3 of door T is provided with a collar
door mounted in said body and having an outer surface
T’ which extends up to the level of hood H. Under
with edge portions thereof noticeably and intentionally
neath this collar T’, the outer surface of the door recedes
offset from adjacent outer body parts of said body form
so that hood H projects therefrom outwardly. At the
ing a plurality of essentially vertical joints and a plurality
lower part of door T, however, the outer surface thereof
of essentially horizontal joints, said joints including sepi
is in alignment with the outer surface of ‘fender K.
arating gaps between said door and said adjacent outer
Finally, in the modi?cation according to FIGURE 16,
body parts of said body, means enabling an initial out
door T is likewise provided with a collar T’ and recedes
ward transverse movement of said door and a subsequent
underneath the latter to form an outer surface which
sliding movement of said door in the longitudinal direc
extends at least horizontally in a straight direction, while
tion of said car to an open position, said joints being
hood H and fender K project outwardly therefrom.
formed by said edge portions of said outer surface of said
As diagrammatically indicated in FIGURE 2 at the
around said door that are visible from the outside of said
of the door opening by suitable connecting means, and
car being of an angular shape as viewed in transverse
by then sliding it either forwardly or rearwardly on these
vertical planes through said body, the above described
connecting means along the car body in a spaced relation
‘construction of said joints including the intentional offset
and in a direction substantially parallel to the outer walls
of said outer surface of said door relative to said outer
thereof. Such connecting means may be of the type
body parts being effective to facilitate assembly of the
shown in my Patent No. 2,992,851 of July 18, 1961, en
35 car and to render minor irregularities in the size of the
titled “Sliding Door -for Motor Vehicles.”
respective elements iess discernible.
Although my invention has been illustrated and de
scribed with reference to the preferred embodiments
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
thereof, I wish to have it understood that it is in no way
UNITED STATES PATENTS
limited to the details of such embodiments, but is capable
of numerous modi?cations within the scope of the ap 40
pended claims.
Having thus fully disclosed my invention, what I
claim is:
'1. In a passenger car having a closed upper body in
cluding a plurality of outer body parts, at least one
sliding door mounted in said body and having an outer
surface with edge portions thereof noticeably and in
tentionally offset from adjacent outer body parts of said
body forming joints including separating gaps between
said door and said adjacent outer body parts of said body,
1,113,214
1,928,523
2,240,022
2,680,645
2,699,355
2,860,911
2,886,373
2,955,872
2,984,516
2,992,851
1914
1933
1941
1954
1955
1958
1959
1960'
1961
1961
FOREIGN PATENTS
means enabling an initial outward transverse movement
of said door and a subsequent sliding movement of said
Hershey _____________ _._ Oct. 13,
Bally _______________ __ Sept. 26,
Saives ______________ __ Apr. 29,
Brill _________________ _._ June 8,
Kavanaugh __________ __ Jan. 11,
Cotter ______________ __ Nov. 18,
Barényi _____________ __ May 12,
Barényi ______________ __ Oct. 11,
Wilfert ______________ __ May 16,
Barényi _____________ __ July 18,
door in the longitudinal direction of said car to an open
712,956
738,486
position, upper and lower vertical joints at each side
of said door being interconnected at a point approximate
. 293,843
Switzerland ___________ __ Jan. 4, 1954
443,274
728,097
Italy ________________ _._ Dec. 15, 1948
Germany ____________ __ Mar. 20, 1943
ly corresponding to the midpoint of the height of said
door by an intermediate substantially horizontally ex
Great Britain _________ __ Aug. 4, 1954
Great Britain _________ __ Oct. 12, 1955
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