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Патент USA US3098288

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July 23, 1963
H. |_. CERNIAK
3,098,278
HOLDER CONSTRUCTION
Filed Oct. 16, 1961
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INVEN TOR.
iééemlg L. Cemrz'ak
0AM, zz/eaéé, 24,1985, yaniéézj
United States Patent 0 "1C6
1
3,098,278
HOLDER QONSTRUCTION
Henry L. Ccrniak, Westchester, Ill., assignor to Wilbert
W. Haase Co., Broadview, 111., a corporation of Illinois
Filed Oct. 16, 1961, Ser. No. 145,230
8 Claims. (Ci. 25-130)
3,®§8,Z78
Patented July 23, 1963
2
may be rapidly replaced when necessary in a minimum
amount of time and with a minimum of effort.
The above and other objects of this invention will be
come more apparent from the following description when
read in the light of the accompanying drawing and ap
pended claims.
In one embodiment of this invention a clevis having
This invention relates to an improved clevis holder,
and more particularly pertains to a holder construction
a main body of U-shaped cross-sectional con?guration
is provided. The main body has apertured walls integrally
particularly adapted for use in the formation of burial 10 formed with outwardly-extending ?ange portions dis
vaults having projecting lugs anchored in the floor thereof.
posed substantially normal to the body walls. A depend
In the formation of burial vaults comprising concrete
ing base portion connected to the end of one of said ?ange
box-like containers for holding a casket, the bases of
portions is disposed substantially parallel to said body
four projecting casket-supporting lugs are embedded in
walls in valignment with the wall apertures. A locking
the four corner portions of the vault ?oor. The lugs 15 ball is partially disposed in both of the clevis apertured
have apertured portions projecting above the ?oor sur
walls. The aperture of at least one of the body walls
face, which portions facilitate initial vault formation. In
has insufficient ‘cross-sectional dimensions to permit pas
addition, the lugs space the casket from the vault ?oor
sage therethrough ‘of the locking ball. A coil spring having
whereby ropes used to lower the casket into the vault may
an end mounted on said base portion may then continu
be withdrawn. Thus ropes may supportably engage the
ously urge the ball into the apertures, thereby spanning the
casket and following complete lowering into the vault,
wall interval. An apertured member, such as a burial
one end of each rope may be released and both ropes
vault floor lug, may readily engage and subsequently be
retrieved by pulling on the retained rope portions without
come disengaged from said clevis holder, as will here
the necessity for anyone descending into the vault. Since
inafter be explained in greater detail.
the casket is disposed in spaced relationship with the vault 25
For a more complete understanding of this invention
?oor by means of the lugs, the casket in no way inter
feres with the rope functions.
reference will now be made to the drawing wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a fragmentary sectional view of a form
Although the utility of vault lugs has long been appre—
employed in the formation of a burial vault illustrating
ciated, the same have presented certain dii?culties in the
two holder members formed in accordance with the teach
course of molding the vaults. The molding of vaults is 30 ing of this invention secured to a ?oor-forming portion
generally accomplished by employing a form comprising
of the form core;
an inner shell or core and an outer shell which de?ne
FIG. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view of a burial
a vault cavity into which a hardenable, ?uid mixture is
vault illustrating a casket member in elevation disposed
poured. The box-like vault is normally formed in an
therein;
inverted position with the floor uppermost. The lugs to 35
FIG. 3 is a top plan view of a burial vault illustrating
‘be anchored in the vault ?oor traverse slotted ?oor
four casket-supporting lugs anchored in the corner por
forming portions of the vault core so as to partially project
tions of the vault ?oor;
into the vault-de?ning form cavity. Thus, base portions
FIG. 4 is a side elevational view, illustrated on an
of the lugs are disposed in the vault-de?ning cavity, which
enlarged scale, of one form of holder member provided
40
portions will become embedded in the molded vault ?oor,
by this invention;
and apertured lug portions are disposed exteriorly of the
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view illustrating
cavity.
In accordance with prior practice, spaced plates adapted
the holder member of FIG. 4 secured to a portion of the
form core illustrated in FIG. 1; and
to snugly receive a lug therebetween and having tapered
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of an apertured lug having
aligned apertures traversing the same were secured- to the 45 an enlarged lbase adapted to interlock with the holder
core ?oor-forming surface. The spaced plates were a?ixed
of FIGS. 4 and 5.
to the core surface disposed outwardly of the‘ cavity and
Referring now more particularly to FIG. 1, a burial
comprised the means for maintaining the lugs in proper
vault form comprising an outer shell 10, inner wall por
disposition, with the assistance of tapered pins insertable
tions 12 and ?oor-forming portion 14 are illustrated in
in said plates, prior to pouring of the concrete.
Following complete formation of the vault, a workman
assembled relationship de?ning a vault cavity in which
had to enter the core and remove the pins retaining the
poured.
a hardenable material, such as concrete 16, has been
'
lugs in interlocked relationship with the lug-supporting
In the normal course of manufacturing burial vaults,
plates. Only after the manual pin removal could the 55 inner core portions such as illustrated walls 12 and ?oor
form ‘core ‘and attached plates be disassembled from the
molded vault and the lugs anchored therein.
It is an object of this invention to dispense with the
forming portion 14 supported on ?anges 12a of the core
walls, ‘are assembled within an overlying shell, such‘as
shell 10. Shell llil has an enlarged opening 18 disposed
previous manual removal of locking pins by providing
therein, through which hardenable material may enter
readily and automatically disengaged from the vault
into the cavity de?ned by the form portions, the outer
a novel clevis holder for the vault lugs which may be 60 into the form cavity. After hardenable material is poured
engaged lugs with the removal of the form core from the
cast vault.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a
shell may be removed by a lifting ‘crane which may on
gage the opposed trunnions 20 attached to shell it}.
To ‘facilitate disengagement of the inner form portions,
the walls 12 may be formed in inwardly-collapsible sec
novel clevis holder for retaining engaged lugs in desired 65 tions. Molding strip 22 illustrated in FIG. 1 may be
?xed position which is simple in construction, composed
integrally formed with a bottom portion of the collapsible
of a minimum number of parts and inexpensive to manu
walls 12. Thus, upon inwardly moving wall portions 12,
facture.
attached mold strips 22 may simultaneously move in
It is a still further object of this invention to provide 70 wardly, simultaneously disengaging ‘from the hardened
a novel holder construction particularly adapted for use
material 16.
in vault forms which, although of sturdy construction,
It is the practice in the casting of burial vaults, such‘
3,098,278
3
A.
apertures should be of insuf?cient cross-sectional area
as vault 24 illustrated in FIG. 3, to anchor lug members
in the corners of the vault ?oor, such as floor 26 of the
vault 24, in the manner illustrated in FIG. 3. It will be
noted from FIG. 3 that lugs 28 are preferably uniformly
disposed relative to the vault walls thereby enabling a
casket, such as casket 30 illustrated in FIG. 2, to be simi
larly uniformly supported when the same is ‘disposed in
cross-sectional area to permit passage of the locking ball,
the vault 24. It is seen from FIG. 2 that by projecting
mension that the ball seats in the wall peripheral por
above vault floor 26, the lugs 28, if apertured such as in
the manner illustrated in FIG. 6, may have supporting
tions de?ning the two apertures.
members passed through opposed parallel pairs of the
lugs facilitating handling and transporting of the vault;
to enter between opposed walls 40 of the holder 38, is
inserted therein, and if the aperture therein is able to
be traversed by a portion of locking ball 52, such plate
member will be retained in interlocked relationship with
the illustrated holder.
Also, should it be desired to remove such apertured
plate, an axial thrust away from holder bight portion 42
imparted to the interlocked plate will force locking ball
52 to withdraw from the holder wall apertures, provid
ing clearance and enabling the apertured plate to be re~
moved from engagement with holder 38.
the lugs may also engage hooks or other equivalent means
of engagement.
FIG. 2 also illustrates a cover 24a
which is normally placed atop the vault after the casket
is placed therein.
Since the casket is spaced above the vault floor by
means of lugs 28, it does not interfere with any casket
lowering rope members. Accordingly, the ropes may be
readily removed from engagement with the casket once
the casket has been lowered into the vault by merely
to permit passage therethrough of locking ball 52. Pref
erably the opening adjacent the spring is insufficient in
thereby preventing possible play between the ball and
the opening, as illustrated.
Normally both openings
are smaller than the ball cross section and of such di
Thus, if an apertured plate member, sufficiently thin
In the normal course of use, clevis holder 38 is secured
dropping one end of each rope and retrieving the same
to a core member surface portion disposed away from
by means of the retained rope ends.
a ?oor cavity. The holder is secured to the core so that
The lugs 28 are, therefore, seen to comprise a con
venient means facilitating handling of the burial vault 25 the inter-wall interval is disposed in alignment with slots,
such as slot 58 illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 5, through which
prior to use thereof and a means facilitating withdrawal
the lug support portions 36 pass. To prevent passage of
of supporting ropes after the casket is lowered into the
excess ?uid hardenable material through the slots 58, a
vault. The lugs 28, although a small, simple structural
resilient gasket 59 may ‘be disposed about the slot periph
component of the vault, facilitate vault formation, sub
sequent handling thereof, and casket insertion therein.
FIG. 6 comprises an enlarged perspective view of one
of the lugs 23 illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 3. Each
lug has an opening 32 disposed in a distal portion which
is of suf?cient size to readily permit passage thereth-rough
trated in FIG. 5. The vault ?oor lugs 28 may be readily
disposed in the desired position illustrated in FIG. 1 prior
to pouring of the concrete.
of a rope member or hook, such as are ordinarily em
sary for unlocking the engagement between the lugs and
ployed in moving burial vaults or lowering the same into
the ground or other places of confinement.
In addition, lug 28 has an enlarged planar base por
tion 34 disposed at substantially right angles to vertical
projecting portion 36 in which opening 32 is formed.
the clevis holder 38. All that need be done is to remove
the core portion 14 from the cast vault 24. During such
movement, locking ball 52 of each clevis holder will be
forced to withdraw, allowing a lug to become disengaged
Base 34 ‘assures secure embedment of the lower lug por
tion within the burial vault ?oor in the manner illus
trated in FIGS. 1 and 2.
In order to properly embed base portion 34 of lug 28
in a burial vault floor, the base portion should be dis
posed in a horizontal position in the manner illustrated
in FIG. 1 prior to pouring of the concrete into the formed
cavity de?ned by the main inner core components and
the outer shell 10. In accordance with prior art methods
lug members are positioned in the manner illustrated in
FIG. 1 prior to pouring of the concrete. However, such
positioning requires the use of a plate-pin combination
necessitating manual removal of the pins after the vault
has been formed in the manner previously described.
The above-described plate-pin engagement is com
pletely eliminated when clevis holder 38, illustrated
in FIG. 4, is employed as a means ‘for maintaining lug
members in desired relationship prior to pouring of the
?uid concrete or other hardenable material. Each clevis
ery and secured to core portion 14 in the manner illus
After the concrete has set, no manual operation is neces
therefrom.
It is most apparent from FIG. 1 that the thickness of
lug portion 36 is slightly less than the interval between
holder wall portions 40. The lug will be disposed sub
stantially in the vertical position in the manner illustrated
in FIG. 1 prior to pouring the hardenable composition
into the shell opening 18 if the distal end of the lug aper
tured portion rests on the holder bight when the locking
ball 52 traverses the lug aperture 32.
It is apparent, therefore, that a novel clevis holder con
struction has been provided which is particularly adapted
for use in the formation of burial vaults in which casket
supporting lugs are anchored in the vault ?oor. The
above-described holder construction is simple, inexpensive
to manufacture and substantially trouble-free.
It will he noted from FIG. 5 that the holder may be
readily secured to a vault 4 by means of screws 64 or
equivalent securing means; thus, the illustrated holder
members may be readily replaced when necessary.
It is believed apparent that certain changes may be made
holder 38 comprises a main body portion having opposed 60 in the clevis construction described and the resulting con
parallel walls 40 joined at one end portion ‘by a ‘bight
42. The opposed end portions of the wall 40 are in
tegrally formed with outwardly extending ?ange por~
tions 44 disposed substantially normal to the planes of
the walls 40.
Depending at substantially right angles ‘from the ter
structions will remain within the ambit of the invention
disclosed; accordingly, this invention is to be limited only
by the scope of the appended claims.
I claim:
.1. In a holder of the type described, a U-shaped main
body having opposed apertured walls, said walls being
minal edge of one holder ?ange portion 44 is a base
portion 46 having ‘a raised lip 48. It is the function of
joined by a connecting bight, a ?ange portion formed in
tegrally with and disposed outwardly at substantially
lip 48 to serve as a mounting base for a coil spring 50,
right angles to an end portion of one of said wall portions,
which is prevented from laterally moving relative to base 70 a base portion connected to said ?ange portion disposed
substantially parallel to said wall portions, a raised lip
portion 46 by means of the lip. The end of spring 50
portion formed on the base portion surface disposed to
oppositely disposed to the end mounted on lip 43 en
ward said wall apertures and in substantial alignment
gages a locking ball 52 which is resiliently urged into
therewith, a coil spring mounted on said base portion
apertures 54 and 56 of the holder wall portions 48. It is
apparent from FIG. 4 that at least one of the latter 75 raised lip, ball means partially disposed in both apertures
3,098,278
of said wall portions, at least one of said apertures being
of insufficient cross-sectional dimensions to permit passage
of said ball therethrough, one end limit of said coil spring
urging said ball means into said wall apertures; said base
portion raised lip preventing lateral movement of said
spring relative to said base.
'2. The holder of claim 1 in combination with aper
ball means disposed in both holder wall apertures, at least
one of said wall apertures being insul?cient in size to per
mit passage of said ball means therethrough, a holder
extension formed integrally with one of said holder walls,
said extension having a terminal portion disposed in sub
stantial alignment with said wall apertures, resilient means
engaging said extension terminal portion at one end limit
and resiliently urging said ball means into said holder wall
apertures at the opposed end limit thereof, and lug means
tured lug means adapted to be snugly received between
said holder walls, the lug aperture being so located rela
tive to the terminal end thereof whereby said aperture 10 having an apertured end portion adapted to be snugly
may be traversed by said ball means while said lug ter
received between said holder walls, said lug aperture being
minal end rests on said holder bight.
of sufficient size to permit the ball portions normally dis
i3. In a molding form for the formation of burial vaults
posed between said holder walls to pass therethrough
having apertured, casket-supporting lugs anchored in the
when the end of said lug engages said holder bight.
?oor thereof; said form having an apertured, lug-traversed 15
6. In an article of the character described, a U-shaped
inner core and an outer shell for forming a vault cavity
into which a hardenable material may be poured, the im
main body member including opposed walls each having
an aperture therein, said main body member including a
provement comprising a plurality of clevis holders, each
bight portion interconnecting the said walls at one end
of said clevis holders having opposed apertured parallel
thereof, one of said walls having a ?ange portion extend
walls joined by a connecting bight; said clevis holders 20 ing therefrom at the end of the said main body member
being adapted to be secured to the exterior surface of an
opposite the end thereof at which the said bight portion
apertured ?oor-de?ning portion of the form core, a ball‘
is arranged, projecting means connected to said ?ange
means disposed in both holder wall apertures, at least one
portion and extending substantially parallel to the said
of said wall apertures being insuf?cient in size to permit
walls of the said main body member, resilient means
passage of said ball means therethrough, resilient means 25 mounted on the said projecting means, a ball member par
in operative engagement with said ball means whereby
tially disposed in both of the said apertures in said wall
said ball means is resiliently urged into said holder wall
portions of the said main body member, at least one of
apertures, and lug means including an end portion having
said apertures being of insufficient cross-sectional dimen
an aperture therein, said lug means being receivable be
sion to permit passage of said ball member therethrough,
tween the said opposed apertured parallel walls of each 30 one end limit of said resilient means engaging said ball
of said holders, and the said aperture in the said end
member whereby said ball member is resiliently urged into
portion of said lug means being of su?icient size to permit
said apertures.
the ball portion normally disposed between said holder
walls to pass therethrough.
7. In an article of the character described, a U-shaped
main vbody member including opposed walls each having
4. In a molding form for the formation of burial vaults 35 an aperture therein, said main body member including a
having apertured, casket-supporting lugs anchored in the
bight portion interconnecting the said walls at one end
floor thereof, and having an apertured lug-traversed inner
thereof, one of said walls having a ?ange portion extend
core and an outer shell for forming a vault cavity into
ing therefrom at the end of the said main body member
which a hardenable material may be poured, the improve
opposite the end thereof at which the said bight portion
ment comprising a plurality of clevis holders, each of said 40 is arranged, projecting means connected to said ?ange
clevis holders having opposed apertured parallel walls
joined by a connecting bight; said clevis holders being
adapted to be secured to the exterior surface of an aper
tured ?oor-de?ning portion of the form inner core, a ball
means disposed in both holder wall apertures, at least
one of said wall apertures being insu?icient in size to per
mit passage of said ball means therethrough, a holder con
necting portion extending outwardly from the end portion
portion and extending substantially parallel to the said
walls of the said main body member, resilient means hav
ing an end portion biased against said projecting means,
a ball member partially disposed in both of the apertures
in the said wall portions of ‘the said main body member,
at least one of said apertures being of insu?’icient cross
sectional dimension to permit passage of said ball mem
ber therethrough, one end limit of said resilient means
of one of said holder walls at substantially right angles
engaging said ball member whereby said ball member
thereto, a terminal base portion depending from said con 50 is resiliently urged into said apertures.
necting portion and disposed substantially parallel to said
‘8. An article as described in claim 6 in which the said
holder wall portions, resilient means engaging said ter
resilient means comprises a coil spring, a raised annular
minal base portion at one end limit and resiliently urging
lip formed on said projecting means and disposed within
said ball means into said holder wall apertures at the
one end portion of said coil spring whereby lateral move
opposed end limit thereof, and lug means having an aper 55 ment or" said coil spring relative to said projecting means
is prevented.
tured end portion adapted to be received between said
holder walls, the lug aperture being of su?icient size to
permit the ball portion normally disposed between said
holder walls to pass therethrough when the end of said
60
lug engages said holder bight.
*
5. In a molding form ‘for the formation of burial vaults
having apertured, casket-supporting lugs anchored in the
floor thereof; said molding form having an apertured
lug-traversed inner core and an outer shell for forming a
Vault cavity into which a hardenable material may be 65
poured, the improvement comprising a plurality of clevis
holders, each of said clevis holders having opposed aper
tured parallel walls joined by a connecting bight; said
holder being adapted to be secured to the exterior surface
of an apertured ?oor-de?ning portion of the form core, a 70
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,272,281
McCord ______________ .__ July 9, 1918
1,692,366
Bean ________________ __ Nov. 20, 1928
2,038,835
2,274,236
2,894,307
2,903,277
Frost _______________ __ Apr. 28,
Hopkins _____________ __ Feb. 24,
Flogan et al. __________ __ July 14,
Mitchell _____________ __ Sept. 15,
1936
1942
1959
1959
FOREIGN PATENTS
395,114
Great Britain _________ __ July 13, 1933
244,964
Switzerland __________ __ June 16, 1947
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