Патент USA US3098319код для вставки
July 23, 1963 s. F. ELWOOD 3,098,310 PERPETUAL CALENDAR WITH BUILT-IN TABULATOR Filed Nov. 15, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet l " Sam E‘ Elwood INVENTOR. od?wv?mzm July 23, 1963 s. F. ELWOOD 3,098,310 PERPETUAL CALENDAR WITH BUILT-IN TABULATOR Filed Nov. 15. 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 0% at n v 0% Sam E Elwo'od 1N VENTOR 9 D Attorney: July 23, 1963 s. F. ELWOOD PERPETUAL CALENDAR WITH BUILT-IN TABULA'I'OR 3,098,310 July 23, 1963 s. F. ELWOOD 3,098,310 PERPETUAL CALENDAR WITH BUILT-IN TABULATOR Filed NOV. 15, 1961 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 D1 Sam 1:‘ Elwood INVENTOR. BY ,ékmméik. WWW 15mg‘ United States Patent 0 M lC€ Patented July 3,‘®‘98,3'1 23, 1963 1 2 3,098,310 FIGURE ‘10 is a perspective view of the operating member for rotating the tabulating indicator wheels. PERPETUAL CALENDAR WITH BUILT-IN TABULATQR Sam F. Elwood, R0. Box 2612, Sacramento 12, Calif. Filed Nov. 15, 1961, Ser. No. 152,527 7 filaims. (Cl. 40-107) The present invention generally relates to a perpetual calendar having a built-in tabulator and represents an Referring now speci?cally to the drawings, the nu meral 10 generally designates the perpetual calendar ma chine of the present invention including a ‘generally hol< low cabinet 12 having 1a top wall 14, a bottom wall 16, a rear wall 18, and a front wall 20 disposed in inclined relation to the back wall 18 ‘and including a short ver tical portion 22 at the bottom edge thereof. The afore improvement on co-pending application Serial No. 52,860, 10 mentioned Walls are interconnected by end Walls 24, with one end wall 24 having an enlarged opening 26 therein, with a closure door 28 therefor hingedly at tached to the rear edge of the opening 26 by a hinge 30 The primary object of the present invention is to pro and provided with 'a knob 32 ‘for opening and closing vide ‘a perpetual calendar with a built-in tabulator hav ing a range from the year 1753, the ?rst full year fol 15 the closure door 28 which may be provided with a suit able friction latch or any other suitable latch for retain lowing the last adjustment of the calendar in October ing the closure door in closed position. 1752 until a subsequent change in the present calendar The bottom 16 is provided with a plurality of semi at some unknown future date. Thus, it can be said that spherical feet 32' or the like and the upper surface of the the range ‘of the perpetual calendar of the present inven bottom 16 is provided with an insert 34 having a plurality tion is unlimited since ?ve century arrangements are of grooves 36 therein which are in alignment with grooves shown and since the calendar repeats itself every four 38 in a top insert 40 carried by a partition bracket or hundred years. plate 42. The grooves ‘36 and 38 sli-dably receive ver Another object of the present invention is to provide tically disposed calendar plates 44, and as illustrated in a perpetual calendar ‘machine having seven calendar ?led on August 30, 1960, for a Perpetual Calendar As sembly. plates associated therewith having tab markings thereon 25 FIGURE 2 there are seven calendar plates numbered from in which one side of the calendar plate will be for a regular year and the opposite side of the calendar plate will be ‘for a leap year. Still another feature of the present invention is to pro O to 6, with the insert 40' having numerical indicia 46 thereon designating the particular slot for a particular calendar plate or card 44. The front wall 26 is provided with a recess 48 closed vide a perpetual calendar having manually operable in 30 by lan offset wall 50‘ for forming a pocket for receiving the calendar plates 44. The bottom edges of the recess dicator Wheels for enabling the year date to be dialed, 48 is provided with an aperture 52 through which a which also will automatically dial the desired information to indicate the calendar plate to be used and provide indicia for guiding the person using the device in the operation thereof. Another object of the present invention is to provide a perpetual calendar machine in accordance with the pre ceding objects which is relatively simple in construction, spring catch 54 extends having a rounded end 56 engag ing the bottom edge of the calendar plate 44. Thus, the rounded end 56 of the spring catch 54 will engage the bottom edge of the calendar plate 44, thus locking the calendar plate 44 within the recess so that it may be easily observed by persons using the machine of the pres easy to operate, ‘compact, neat in appearance and gen ent invention. in like numerals refer to like parts throughout, and in which: FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of the perpetual cal 'With a knob 68 on the outer end thereof for operation and a collar 70 on the interior of the sleeve 64, thus guiding The spring catch ‘54 is carried by a supporting bracket 40 erally inexpensive to manufacture. 58 attached to the bottom 16 by virtue of a fastener 60‘. These, together with other objects and advantages Also, an ejection plunger 62 is provided adjacent the bot which will become subsequently apparent, reside in the tom edge of the calendar plate 44 and the ejection plunger details of construction and operation ‘as more fully here ‘62 is slidably received in a tubular member 64 having a inafter described and claimed, reference being bad to the accompanying ‘drawings forming a part hereof, where 45 removable cap 66 thereon. The plunger 62 is provided endar machine of the present invention; FIGURE 2. is a vertical sectional view taken substan tially upon a plane passing ‘along section line 2—2 of FIGURE 1 illustrating .the storage of the calendar plates and the orientation of the tabulating mechanism; movement of the plunger 62. Thus, when the calendar plate 44 is placed in the recess, the plunger will be forced inwardly and the bottom edge of the calendar plate will engage the spring catch which will retain the calendar plate 44 releasably within the recess 48. By pushing the plunger 62 inwardly by engaging the knob 68 which is ac cessibfle through the opening 26, the bottom edge of the FIGURE 3 is an exploded elevational view of the 55 calendar plate will be forced outwardly and released from tabulati-ng mechanism with portions thereof broken away and reorientated ‘for clarity; FIGURE 4 is a detailed sectional view of the tabulator mechanism illustrating the orientation of the components thereof; FIGURE 5 is a sectional view illustrating the construc the spring catch 54 wherein the calendar plate may then be removed and replaced with another calendar plate or inverted so that the opposite side thereof is facing out wardly. Disposed along the top edge of the front wall 20 above the recess 48 is a slot 72 and a slot 74 in alignment there with in which the slot 74 is generally in the center of the top edge of the front wall and indicates the year date, FIGURE 6 is a plan view of the indicator wheels and while the slot 72 reveals indicia employed in conjunction mask assemblies mounted thereon; 65 with the calender plate. On the opposite side of the slot ‘FIGURE 7 is a partial plan View illustrating another 74 from the slot 72 is a plurality of operating members relative position of the indicator wheels; 76, 78 and 180, each of which has indicia associated there FIGURE 8 is ‘an exploded perspective view illustrating with indicating centuries, decades and years, respectively, the relationship of the indicator wheel; and each of which ‘has a crossed slot 82 therein for re FIGURE 9 is a perspective view of two indicator wheels 70 ceiving an implement such as a screwdriver 84 illustrated in their assembled condition with the mask disposed in FIGURE 10 having a shank 86 vwith a driving head 88 with a crossed projection 89 thereon for engagement thereon; tion of the drive mechanism for the tabulator; 3,098,310 3 with the crossed slots 82. This arrangement may be the same or substantially the same as a “Phillips” screw and screwdriver assembly whereby the tool or screwdriver 84 is required for operating the tabulator from the front surface of the top wall, thereby enabling the year date and other indicia appearing through the slot 72 to be changed as desired or required by the particular use of the invention. 4 width to have two numerals thereon for indicating the centuries. The gears 154, 158 and 162 respectively are pinned to the wheels 148, .150 and 152 respectively by diametrically disposed pins 168 for rotation therewith whereby the wheels 148, 150 and 152 will be rotated in response to rotation of the operating members 80, 78 and 76 respectively. Disposed in longitudinally spaced relation to the gear Disposed above the partition wall 42 is an elongated 162 is a plurality of gears 170, 172 and 174. The gear shaft 90 supported by a plurality of longitudinally spaced 10 170 is in meshing engagement with a gear 176 on the shaft brackets 92 carried by reinforcement members or 108, the gear 176 having a spacer 178 connected thereto. brackets 94 overlying the partition plate 42 and secured The gears 160 and 176 are mounted directly on the shaft ‘to the back Wall 18 by screw threaded fasteners 96. The 108 as are gears 144 and 190. rear portions of the brackets or supports 92 are formed The gear 172 is in meshing engagement with a smaller as diverging legs 96 and 98 which are also secured to a 15 gear 180 carried directly on the shaft 104 for rotation reinforcing member or bracket 100 attached to the rear therewith and the gear 174 is in meshing engagement Wall 18 by screw threaded fasteners 102. Disposed in with a gear 182 carried directly on the shaft 106. At the spaced and eircumferentially arranged relation to the end of the shaft 90 another set of gears 184, 186 and shaft 90 is a plurality of shafts 104, 106 and 108. The 188 are provided, with the gear 184 being in meshing shafts 104 and 106 are supported from laterally extending 20 engagement with a smaller gear 190 on the shaft 108, the supports 110 carried by the leg 98 and disposed to each gear 186 being in meshing engagement with a smaller side thereof, while the shaft 108 is supported by a lat gear 192 on the shaft 106 and the gear 188 being in mesh erally extending leg 112 on the leg 94 of .the bracket 92, ing engagement with a smaller gear 194 on the shaft 104. thus forming a rigid support for the various shafts inas Disposed on the shaft ‘90 and intermediate the gears much as there are a plurality of supporting brackets 92 25 174 and 184 is a plurality of indicator wheels designed spaced longitudinal-1y thereof. For purposes ‘of clarity in describing the invention, FIGURE 3 is an exploded elevational view in which the shafts 104, 106 and 108 have been displaced to be dis posed above and below the shaft 90, with FIGURES 4 and 5 illustrating the actual relationship of the shafts to each other. Mounted on the shaft ‘90 are three large gears 114, 116 and 118. Each of the gears has rigidly af?xed thereto at the center thereof a bevel gear designated by numerals 120,122 and 1124. In meshing engagement ‘with the bevel by reference numerals 196i, 198, 200, 204 and 206. These indicating wheels are also designated respectively as fol lows for purposes of explanation as C2, Y2, D2, Y3, C3 and D3. Also, the indicator Wheels 148, 150 and 152 are designated as Y1, D1 and C1. The gear 174 is pinned to the wheel 196 by pins 208, while the gear 206 is pinned to the gear 184 by pins 210. The wheel 198 and gear 172 are secured together by virtue of a sleeve 173 ex tending through the gear 174 and the wheel 196 and ro tatable on a sleeve ‘175 rotatable on the shaft 90 ‘and the gear 186 and the indicator wheel 204 are connected to gether in the same manner. The gear 170 ‘and wheel 200 are connected by sleeve 175 and the gear 188 is con nected to wheel 202 in the same manner whereby the gears 120, 122 and 124 is a bevel gear 126, 128 and 130, respectively, each of which are rotatable about an axis perpendicular to the axis of the shaft 90 and each of which is carried by a shaft 132 journalled in a supporting 40 shaft may remain stationary. bracket 134 supported by the reinforcing member 94 When it is desired to determine the date in some par with the shaft 132 being in rigid engagement with one of the members 76, 78 and 80, whereby rotation of the mem bers 76, 78 and 80 will cause rotation of the gears 118, 116 and 114, respectively, at a reduced rate of rotation in view of the gear reduction provided through the bevel gears and due to the smaller gear engaged by the larger gears 114-118 as described hereinafter. Each of the gears 114, 1-16 and 118 has a radially ex ticular month of a particular year, the tool is employed for rotating the years, decades and century operating members until the desired year date is dialed and re vealed through the central slot. The indicia revealed through the slot towards the left edge of the front wall will indicate which of the calendar cards is to be removed from the container and placed in the recess provided therefor so that a calendar for that complete year will tending lug 136 thereon forming a stop for engagement 50 be observed. FIGURE 7 illustrates such an arrange with an abutment 138 carried by suitable brackets 140 whereby the rotational vmovement of the gears 114-118 is limited. ment in which the mask attached to certain of the wheels will cover certain of the indicia in certain positions and enable certain of the indicia to be revealed, thus indi~ Mounted on the shaft 104 is a small gear 142 in mesh cating the card to be used. ing engagement with the gear 114. Oarried on the shaft 55 There are seven calendar plates which have tab mark 108 is a small gear 144 in meshing engagement with the ings zero through six and each plate will have on one gear 116 and carried on the shaft 106 is a small gear 146 side the regular year and on the opposite side the leap in meshing engagement with the gear 118 whereby the year. shafts 104, 106 and 108 will be rotated depending upon The ?rst day of the year and the corresponding tab which of the operating members 76, 78 and 80 are op 60 will be as follows: erated by the tool 84. The limit stops limit the travel Plate 0 of the dialing wheels which are geared to the drive wheels. R0‘ Monday _________________________ __ L0 Sunday Disposed on the shaft 90 in longitudinally spaced re lation to the gears 114 and 118 are three indicator wheels Plate 1 including a year wheel 148, a decade wheel 150 and a 65 R1 Tuesday ________________________ __ Ll Monday century wheel 152. Disposed to the right of the year wheel 148 is an enlarged gear 154 in meshing engagement Plate 2 with a small gear 156 carried by the shaft 104. Disposed R2 Wednesday ______________________ _.. L2 Tuesday intermediate the decade wheel 150 and the century wheel 152 is a large gear 158 in meshing engagement with a 70 Plate 3 small gear 160 carried by the shaft 108. To the left of the century Wheel 152 is a large gear 162 in meshing en R3 Thursday _____________________ __ L3 Wednesday gagement with the small gear 164 on the shaft 106. The Plate 4 century wheel 152 is provided with a wider portion 166 which partially covers the gear 158 and provides sui?cient 75 R4 Friday ________________________ __ L4 Thursday 3,098,310 6 4. The structure as de?ned in claim 3 wherein the in terior of said casing includes an upper and lower mem Plate 5 R5 Saturday __________________ __- ____ __ L5 Friday her having a plurality of inwardly facing grooves formed therein, and a plurality of calendar cards slidably re Plate ‘6 R6 Sunday ______ __- ________________ __ L6 Saturday 5 ceived in said grooves. The letter R in the tabs denotes a regular year, while the letter L denotes a leap year. To obtain the calendar plate tab for any year, the numerals following the let 5. In a perpetual calendar, a casing, a plurality of calendar cards provided with a year calendar each calen (tar card being further provided with identifying indicia adjacent one top corner thereof and adapted ‘to be dis ters R or ‘L are totaled. Should this total be 7 or more, played on said casing, said casing being provided with the multiple of 7 is subtracted; for example: indicator dials in the top thereof, a front wall of said casing having a slot for revealing a portion of the pe ripheral surface of the indicator dials, each indicator dial having numerical indicia thereon for designating a year Note in FIGURE 7, for the year 1961, the visible tabs 15 date, and means accessible from the exterior of the eas are R5+-1=R'6: from the calendar plate tab markings ing for rotating the indicating dials, thus indicating a year shown in columns 4 and 5, it will be seen that the ?rst day date centrally above the recessed portion of the front of this year came on Sunday. wall, a plurality of indicating dials spaced from and op Also shown in ‘FIGURE 7, for the year .1850 the vis eratively connected to the year date indicating dials and ible tabs are R6‘+2=R8—-7=R1; and for the year 2072 20 operable simultaneously therewith for indicating and the visible tabs are L3+3+6\=L12I—7=L15. designating the year card to 'be employed by showing the The foregoing is considered as illustrative only of the particular identifying indicia on the card for the particu principles of the invention. Further, since numerous lar year dialed, said front wall having an opening therein modi?cations and changes will readily occur to those revealing a portion of the periphery of the plurality of skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention 25 these indicating dials which carry the particular identify to the exact construction and operation shown and de ing indica. scribed, and accordingly all suitable modi?cations and '6. The structure as de?ned in claim 5 wherein said equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope means accessible exteriorly of the casing for rotating the of the invention as claimed. indicating dials includes a plurality of rotatable mem What is clm'med as new is as follows: 30 bers disposed substantially ?ush with an inclined surface 1. A perpetual calendar machine comprising a hollow of the front wall of said casing and being operatively casing having an inclined front wall, said front Wall in connected to the indicator dials, each of said members cluding a generally rectangular recessed portion covering having a recess therein, and a ‘hand opera-ted tool having the major portion of the surface thereof for receiving a head comparable in shape and size to the recesses for calendar cards, spring means mounted in the front Wall 35 selectively interlocking with the recesses for rotating the for engaging the bottom edge of the calendar cards for indicator dials. retaining the calendar cards in position, and means for 7. In a perpetual calendar, a casing, indicator dials dis ejecting the cards from the recess portion of the front posed in said casing, a front wall of said casing having a wall, said spring means ‘for retaining the calendar card slot for revealing .a portion of the peripheral surface of in position including a spring clip having a rounded edge 40 the indicator dials, each indicator dial ‘having numerical engaging substantially the entire length of the bottom indicia thereon for designating ‘a year date, means ac edge of the calendar card, means mounting the clip from cessible from the exterior of the casing for rotating the the interior of the casing. indicator dials, and a plurality of indicating dials spaced 2. The structure as de?ned in claim 1 wherein said from and .operatively connected to the year date indicat means for ejecting the calendar card includes a plunger, 45 ing dials and operable simultaneously therewith for indi means mounting the plunger interiorly of the casing for movement inwardly and outwardly thereof in perpen dicular relation thereto, said plunger being disposed ad jacent the bottom edge for ejecting the calendar card, and spring means interconnecting the plunger and its mount— 50 ing means for biasing said plunger inwardly of the casing. 3. The structure as de?ned in claim 2 wherein said casing is provided with an enlarged hollow interior, an openable closure door in one end of the casing providing cating and designating a particular calendar to be dis— played on said casing. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS ‘1,785,640 2,588,795 McNamara __________ __ 'Dec. 16-, 1930 Bauer ______________ __ Mar. 11, 1952 239,035 Great Britain __________ __ Sept. 3, 1935 FOREIGN PATENTS access to the interior thereof and providing access to the 55 ejecting plunger.