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Factors of attractiveness of the
investment climate in Kazakhstan
Date:
Location:
JSC “NATIONAL AGENCY FOR EXPORT & INVESTMENTS “KAZNEX INVEST”
Ministry of Industry and New Technologies of the Republic of Kazakhs tan
COUNTRY REVIEW
Political structure : Republic
Territory: 2.7 mln. sq. m.
Capital: Astana
Population: 16,5 mln
Key macroeconomic indicators, 2010:
• GDP/GDP per capita: $ 147 bill./ $ 8,979
• Industrial output : $ 80 bill.
• Turnover: $ 90.6 bill.
• Export: $ 59.8 bill.
• Import: $ 30.8 bill.
Religion: Islam, Russian Orthodoxy
Major languages
• Kazakh (state language)
• Russian (official, business language)
The main ethnic groups:
• Kazakhs: 65%
• Russian: 25%
• Ukrainians: 2.9%
• Uzbeks: 2.8%
• Germans: 1.5%
• Koreans: 0.7%
Currency: Tenge (KZT, USD 1~ KZT 146)
60
60
A u s t r a l ia
UAE
G D P p e r c a p ita in 2 0 0 9
( m ln . U S D /p e r s o n p e r P P P )
(PPP)
USD(PPP)
GDP per capita 2010
capita 2010
perthousands
GDP in
GDP PER CAPITA OF COUNTRIES-COMPETITORS OF KAZAKHSTAN FOR
FDI
50
50
UAE
ОАЭ
C z e c h R e p u b li c
40
Australia
Австралия
S a u d i A ra b ia
P o la n d
30
30
L ith u a n ia
C r o a t ia
Чехия
Саудовская
Czech Republic
Tu r k e y Аравия
R u m a n ia
Saudi Arabia
20
20
K a z a k h s ta n
B e la ru s
M a c e d o n ia
10
10
-
R u s s ia
0%
0%
0%
0%
2%
0%
Польша
A z e r b a i ja n
Кроатия Poland Литва
U k r a in e
B u lg a r i a
Tu r k m e n is ta n
Croatia
Россия
Lithuania
Чили
J o rd a n
Russia
Беларусь
Турция Chile
Болгария G e o r g ia Казахстан
In d ia
Belarus
Румыния
Turkey
U z b e k is t a n
Bulgaria
Kazakhstan
Азербайджан
Romania
Македония
Macedonia
Туркменистан Azerbaijan
Украина
Иордан
Грузия
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
УзбекистанGeorgia Индия
Jordan
India
Uzbekistan
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
T h e g r4%
o w th r a te o6%
f G D P p e 8%
r c a p ita in 10%
th e y e a r s 12%
2 0 0 0 - 2 0 0 14%
9
16%
20%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
Growth rate of GDP per capita 2000-2010
Growth rate of GDP per capita 2000-2010
INDUSTRY OF KAZAKHSTAN
The structure of industrial production of Kazakhstan, %
Growth rates of actual volume of industrial
prosuction over the same period last year, %
120.0
100.0
0.2
9
5
14
1
1
21
16
3
1
80.0
36
28
33
2
37
15
10
60.0
40.0
20
90.8
81
78
83
5
61
66
66
61
20.0
18.4
7 8.1
7.8
2.6
0
0.0
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
-8
2008
2009
2010
7.2
5.5
-2.9
8.1
5.3
2.7
-2.9
-5
-20.0
Mining
Manufacturing
Electricity, gas, water
Source: National Bank of the RK
Mining
Manufacturing
Source: Agency of the RK on Statistics
COMPARISON OF ACCUMULATED FDI IN THE CIS
A c c u m u la t e d F D I in t h e C I S ,
A c c u m u la t e d F D I in t h e C I S c o u n t r i e s p e r c a p it a ,
2 0 0 0 - 2 0 1 0 y y., b ln . U S D
2 0 0 0 - 2 0 1 0 y y., U S D / p e r s o n
CAGR
R u s s ia
4 2 3 ,2
K az a k h sta n
8 1 ,4
U k ra in e
58
B e la r u s
9 ,9
26%
K az a k h sta n
5076
21%
Tu r k m e n is t a n
28%
R u s s ia
20%
A r m e n ia
1360
1276
2960
1624
A z e r b a ija n
9 ,6
9%
U k ra in e
Tu r k m e n is t a n
8 ,2
22%
B e la r u s
U z b e k is t a n
4 ,5
18%
A z e r b a ija n
A r m e n ia
4 ,2
21%
M o ld o v a
M o ld o v a
2 ,8
18%
Ky rg y zs ta n
183
Ky rg y zs ta n
0 ,9
8%
Ta jik is t a n
162
1
19%
U z b e k is t a n
133
Ta jik is t a n
S o u r c e : U N W o r ld In v e s t m e n t D a t a b a s e
1044
1036
794
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN KAZAKHSTAN
FDI Structure, 2000-2010
FDI in Kazakhstan, million USD
25,000
20,000
18,453
19,760 19,138
15 650
15,000
10,624
10,000
5,000
0
Other
24%
18,076
8,317
2,781
6,619
4,557 4,106 4,624
Oil & Gas
28%
Manufacturing
9%
Exploration
39%
3Q
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
2Q
2011
Source: National Bank of the RK
THE VOLUME AND STRUCTURE OF FDI IN KAZAKHSTAN BY INDUSTRY
FOR 2000 - 6M2010 YEARS
C h a n g e s in t h e s t r u c t u r e o f F D I i n K a z a k h s t a n b y T y p e o f A c t iv it y ,
Change,
2 0 0 0 - 2 0 1 0 y y., b ln . U S D
2000–2010, %
+1%
F in a n c ia l a c tiv ity
E x p lo ra t io n
+ 42%
M a n u fa c t u r in g
O il a n d g a s
+3%
Tra d e
-5 1 %
O th e r
+4%
+1%
E x p lo ra t io n ,
o il a n d g a s
S o u r c e : N a t io n a l B a n k o f t h e R K , I M F
2000
2003
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2000
2003
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
81%
67%
70%
63%
53%
68%
70%
STATISTICS OF THE DOING BUSINESS-2011 RATING, THE SHARE OF FDI IN GDP
AND THE LEVEL OF FDI PER CAPITA
Doing Business 2012
Country rank
FDI as % of GDP 2010
10
Turkmenistan
Australia
Georgia
Macedonia
Lithuania
United Arab Emirates
Chile
Kazakhstan
15
Kazakhstan
16
Chile
Georgia
39
Bulgaria
47
Czech Republic
Poland
62
Czech Republic
64
Azerbaijan
66
Belarus
69
Turkey
71
Romania
72
Russia
India
Ukraine
Uzbekistan
5
5
5
Ukraine
33
59
Jordan
6
6
Jordan
27
Bulgaria
Croatia
7
7
Saudi Arabia
22
Macedonia
Russia
Australia
Belarus
Romania
Uzbekistan
Poland
80
Lithuania
96
India
120
United Arab Emirates
132
Turkey
152
166
Source: World Bank, CIA Factbook, Doing Business 2012
Azerbaijan
Croatia
FDI per capita 2010, USD
4
3
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1197
1174
Saudi Arabia
Australia
Kazakhstan
Turkmenistan
Chile
Croatia
United Arab Emirates
Bulgaria
Jordan
Poland
Czech Republic
Russia
Romania
Belarus
Georgia
Macedonia
Turkey
Ukraine
Lithuania
Azerbaijan
India
Uzbekistan
869
777
759
660
577
444
403
358
280
255
225
196
151
121
117
105
52
52
30
26
CONFIDENCE IN POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS AND EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF
PUBLIC FUNDS
2 . S t a b ility
P la c e in
t h e ra n k in g
T h e in d e x o f t r u s t p o lit ic a l in s tit u t io n s
UAE
5 ,6
S a u d i A ra b ia
5 ,4
A u s t ra lia
4 ,6
C h ile
3 ,8
P la c e in
t h e ra n k in g
E f f ic ie n c y o f t h e a llo c a t io n o f p u b lic f u n d s
7
S a u d i A ra b ia
5 ,2
6
9
UAE
5 ,2
7
17
A u s t ra lia
4 ,4
21
34
C h ile
4 ,2
26
Jo rd a n
3 ,5
43
Jo rd a n
3 ,7
42
A z e r b a ija n
3 ,5
45
G e o r g ia
3 ,4
52
K az a k h sta n
3 ,4
47
K az a k h sta n
3 ,4
55
M a c e d o n ia
2 ,9
68
I n d ia
3 ,4
57
R u s s ia
2 ,9
69
A z e r b a ija n
3 ,4
59
78
P o la n d
3 ,1
76
3 ,1
82
G e o r g ia
2 ,6
Tu r k e y
2 ,5
81
R u s s ia
P o la n d
2 ,5
82
M a c e d o n ia
3 ,0
86
3 ,0
90
I n d ia
2 ,3
88
B u lg a r ia
C r o a t ia
2 ,2
96
C ze ch
2 ,9
95
104
Tu r k e y
2 ,9
96
B u lg a r ia
2 ,1
L it h u a n ia
2 ,0
108
R o m a n ia
R o m a n ia
2 ,0
116
L it h u a n ia
2 ,4
117
2 ,4
121
C ze ch
1 ,9
121
C r o a t ia
U k ra in e
1 ,9
122
U k ra in e
139
1
1
E x t r e m e ly lo w
S o u r c e : G lo b a l C o m p e t it iv e n e s s R e p o r t 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 1
V e r y h ig h
I r r a tio n a l
2 ,5
110
2 ,1
131
139
H ig h ly
BUDGET BALANCE AND THE SHARE OF PUBLIC DEBT TO GDP
C o m p e t i t i v e n e s s o f K a z a k h s t a n | 2 . S t a b il i t y
P la c e in t h e
ra n k in g
B u d g e t b a la n c e , 2 0 0 9 ,% o f G D P
A z e r b a ija n
9 ,4
0 ,4
UAE
- 2 ,0
K az a k h sta n
33
M a c e d o n ia
- 2 ,9
45
S a u d i A ra b ia
- 3 ,2
53
C r o a t ia
- 3 ,3
57
B u lg a r ia
- 3 ,9
64
A u s t ra lia
-4 ,0
67
C h ile
-4 ,4
76
I n d ia
-4 ,6
Tu r k e y
81
- 5 ,5
96
C ze ch
- 5 ,9
102
R u s s ia
- 6 ,2
106
P o la n d
- 7,1
R o m a n ia
L it h u a n ia
G e o r g ia
113
- 8 ,3
119
- 8 ,9
124
- 9 ,4
2 0 0 9 y ., %
4
11
127
U k ra in e
- 1 1 ,4
134
Jo rd a n
- 1 1 ,8
136
P la c e in t h e
ra n k in g
S h a r e o f p u b lic d e b t t o G D P ,
K az a k h sta n
8 ,5
7
R u s s ia
8 ,5
8
A z e r b a ija n
B u lg a r ia
9 ,9
9
1 4 ,8
13
A u s t ra lia
1 9 ,2
23
M a c e d o n ia
2 1 ,3
27
C h ile
2 2 ,1
29
S a u d i A ra b ia
2 2 ,9
37
R o m a n ia
2 3 ,7
38
L it h u a n ia
U k ra in e
C r o a t ia
C ze ch
Tu r k e y
P o la n d
UAE
Jo rd a n
I n d ia
2 9 ,3
46
3 1 ,3
52
3 5 ,9
61
4 2 ,1
75
4 5 ,2
81
5 1 ,0
89
5 6 ,3
101
6 4 ,4
7 3 ,1
139
Low
S o u r c e : G lo b a l C o m p e t it iv e n e s s R e p o r t 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 1
H ig h
115
116
137
Low
H ig h
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
P la c e in t h e
ra n k in g
I n d e x o f r o a d s d e v e lo p m e n t
UAE
6 ,2
C h ile
5 ,8
L it h u a n ia
5 ,3
7
I n d e x o f a ir tr a n s p o r t
P la c e in t h e
ra n k in g
d e v e lo p m e n t
UAE
6 ,7
3
I n d e x o f R a ilw a y
P la c e in t h e
ra n k in g
d e v e lo p m e n t
I n d ia
4 ,5
20
15
C h ile
6 ,0
19
C ze ch
4 ,3
24
26
C ze ch
5 ,9
24
L it h u a n ia
4 ,2
26
5 ,8
28
A u s t r ia
4 ,1
29
C r o a t ia
5 ,1
34
A u s t ra lia
A u s t ra lia
5 ,0
37
Jo rd a n
5 ,6
33
U k ra in e
4 ,1
30
Saudi
A ra b ia
5 ,0
38
A z e r b a ija n
5 ,2
50
A z e r b a ija n
4 ,0
31
Jo rd a n
4 ,9
42
Saudi
A ra b ia
5 ,1
51
K a z a k h sta n
3 ,9
32
48
Tu r k e y
5 ,1
54
R u s s ia
3 ,9
33
58
I n d ia
4 ,7
65
G e o r g ia
3 ,5
41
66
G e o r g ia
4 ,4
77
C r o a t ia
3 ,4
43
3 ,0
53
Tu r k e y
4 ,3
A z e r b a ija n
3 ,9
G e o r g ia
3 ,6
C ze ch
3 ,3
79
C r o a t ia
4 ,3
79
Saudi
A ra b ia
M a c e d o n ia
3 ,2
87
L it h u a n ia
4 ,2
83
B u lg a r ia
2 ,9
54
I n d ia
3 ,1
89
R o m a n ia
4 ,0
90
P o la n d
2 ,9
56
4 ,0
92
R o m a n ia
2 ,7
61
K a z a k h sta n
2 ,5
116
R u s s ia
R u s s ia
2 ,4
118
K a z a k h sta n
3 ,9
94
Tu r k e y
B u lg a r ia
2 ,2
124
B u lg a r ia
3 ,7
96
M a c e d o n ia
2 ,2
71
U k ra in e
2 ,2
125
P o la n d
3 ,7
97
C h ile
2 ,1
76
P o la n d
2 ,1
127
U k ra in e
R o m a n ia
2 ,0
129
M a c e d o n ia
133
1
1
7
3 ,6
101
3 ,0
Jo rd a n
63
1 ,9
84
123
7
133
1
I n t h e ra t in g s , 1 p o in t c o r r e s p o n d s t o a s c o r e o f p o o r in fr a s t r u c t u r e , a n d 7 p o in t s c o r r e s p o n d t o in fr a s t r u c t u r e t h a t m e e t s w o r ld s t a n d a rd s o f e ff ic ie n c y a n d o u t r e a c h
S o u r c e : G lo b a l C o m p e t it iv e n e s s R e p o r t 2 0 0 9 - 2 0 1 0
2 ,5
7
133
FEATURES OF THE LOCATION
T h e a v e ra g e m in im u m d u r a t io n o f f lig h ts t o
m a jo r c e n t e r s o f e c o n o m ic a c t iv ity ( in h o u r s )
4
7
KAZAKH STAN
5 .5
4 .5
4 .5
4
THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK IN KAZAKHSTAN
4 6 b i la t e r a l a g r e e m e n t s o n m u t u a l p r o t e c t io n o f i n v e s t m e n t s
C u s t o m s U n io n o f R u s s i a , B e l a r u s a n d K a z a k h s t a n
THE LAW OF THE RK AS OF JULY 21, 2011 № 469 "ON SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IN THE
REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN"
THE LAW OF THE RK AS OF JANUARY 8, 2003 № 373 "ON INVESTMENTS"
S o u rce : M IT Ka za kh sta n
BILATERAL INVESTMENT PROTECTION AGREEMENTS
Countries with which Kazakhstan has signed bilateral agreements on
mutual investment protection
Austria
Georgia
South Korea
Tajikistan
Azerbaijan
Egypt
Latvia
Turkey
Armenia
Israel
Lithuania
Russia
India
Malaysia
Uzbekistan
BelgiumLuxembourg Union
Jordan
Mongolia
Ukraine
Iran
Netherlands
Finland
Bulgaria
Spain
Pakistan
France
Great Britain
Italy
Poland
Croatia
Hungary
Qatar
Romania
Czech
Vietnam
China
Serbia
Switzerland
Germany
Kuwait
Slovakia
Sweden
Greece
Kyrgyzstan
USA
Estonia
GOVERNMENTAL PROGRAM OF FORCED INNOVATIVE INDUSTRIAL
DEVELOPMENT
GOAL: Ensure sustainable and balanced economic growth through diversification and
competitive recovery.
INDICATORS
- GDP grown up to 50% than in 2008
- Increasing of labor productivity in manufacturing industry up to 50% and in some
sectors up to 100%
- Increasing the share of non resource export up to 40%
- Decreasing energy intensity of GDP no less than 10%
- Increasing the share of innovative enterprises up to10% of active enterprises
PRIORITY SECTORS
PRIORITY SECTORS
Metallurgy and
production
of metal products
Oil refining and
Infrastructure of
Oil and gas sector
Chemical and
pharmaceutical
industries
Аgro-industrial sector
Defense industry
Construction industry and
Production of building
materials
Transport and
Info communications
Machine construction
Uranium industry
Light industry
Tourism
Space industry
NEW APPROACHES (2010 - 2014)
CRITERION
Modernization of
existing
enterprises
Creation of new
efficient
enterprises
Selective support of
enterprises of future
economy
1. High productivity level
2. Creation and improving of
infrastructure power industry,
pipelines, roads
.
1. High productivity level
2. High added cost
3. Export oriented
4. Competitiveness on domestic
market
1. Innovativeness
2. Improving of
telecommunications infrastructure
3. Influence on production
increasing in
traditional sectors
THE BASIC PACKAGE OF PREFERENCES FOR INVESTORS
THE LAW OF THE RK AS OF JANUARY 8, 2003 № 373 "ON INVESTMENTS"
Preferences
1. Tax preferences according to Tax code of the Republic of Kazakhstan
2. Exemption from payment of import duties
3. State in-kind grants
4. Special regime for strategic investment projects:
- Tax preferences (corporate income tax, land, property);
- Providing state order;
- Industrial subsidies (for social important regions)
Strategic
investment
projects
The volume of investments more than $ 50 million and compliance to
priority activities approved by Government Resolution on May 8, 2003,
№ 436 (within the framework of the law «On Investments»)
or
Compliance to list of high technology products (within the framework of
law «On Investments»)
THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK OF KAZAKHSTAN
F D I : t h e s y s t e m o f a t t r a c t io n
T h e F o r e ig n I n v e s t o r s ’ C o u n c il
T h e C o m m it t e e o n I n v e s t m e n t o f
N a t io n a l A g e n c y o n
c h a ir e d b y t h e P r e s id e n t o f t h e
t h e M in is t r y o f I n d u s t r y a n d
E x p o r t & I n v e s tm e n ts
R e p u b lic o f K a z a k h s t a n
N e w T e c h n o lo g ie s o f t h e R K
«K AZN EX IN VEST»
N a t io n a l
K a za k h sta n
I n n o v a t io n
D e v e lo p m e n t
Fund
Bank
E n t r e p r e n e u r s h ip
D e v e lo p m e n t F u n d
K azyna
C a p it a l
M anagem ent
K a za k h sta n
I n s t it u t e f o r
S ta te
D e v e lo p m e n t o f
In su ra n ce C o m p a n y
In d u stry
K a zE x p o rtG a ra n t
INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
SEZ “Burabai”
SEZ “Astana new city”
(Tourism)
(construction industry)
SEZ “Petrochemical park”
(Oil and gas industry, petrochemical machinery)
SEZ “Pavlodar”
(chemical industry)
Astana
Pavlodar
Karaganda
SEZ “Marine Port
Aktau”
Atyrau
(logistics, transport)
Aktau
Almaty
Shymkent
SEZ “Ontystik”
(textile industry)
SEZ “Park of
industrial”
(IT-industry)
SEZ “Saryarka”
(metallurgy)
SEZ “Khorgos
eastern gate”
(Trade, logistics)
MEASURES OF INVESTMENT SUPPORT IN SEZ
THE LAW OF THE RK AS OF JULY 21, 2011 № 469 «ON SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES IN THE
REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN»
Tax preferences:
•Reduction of the corporate income tax 100%;
•application of the 0 coefficient in the calculation of land tax;
•application of the 0 coefficient in the calculation of property tax;
•Application of zero-rated VAT on use of products on the territory of SEZ that are fully
consumed in carrying out activities, meeting the objectives of special economic zone
creation, according to the list of goods specified by the Government of RK;
Other preferences:
•The simplified procedure of hiring foreign labor;
•Provision of free land on the territory of SEZ for a period of up to 10 years;
RATE OF TAX INCENTIVES
T a x in c e n tiv e s
T h e a t t r a c t iv e n e s s o f t h e o v e r a l l t a x r e g im e
G e n e r a l t a x r e g i m e a n d t a x in c e n t iv e s
UAE
90
G e o r g ia
S a u d i A ra b ia
80
M a c e d o n ia
B u lg a r ia
S e r b ia
Jo rd a n
70
60
K a za k h sta n
R u s s ia
R o m a n ia
50
P o la n d
C zech
L it h u a n ia
Tu r k e y
40
T h e m o s t a tt ra c tiv e
30
t a x r e g im e s fo r
in v e s t o r s
20
10
B e la r u s
U z b e k is ta n
0
0
S o u r c e : D o in g B u s in e s s R a t in g
10
20
30
40
* 1 0 0 % m in u s t h e to t a l t a x ra t e , % o f in c o m e b e fo r e t a x e s
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
COMPARISON OF THE SEVERITY OF THE TAX BURDEN ON THE DOING BUSINESS RATING
5
39
44
Kazakhstan Lithuania
103
105
128
181
183
Azerbaijan
Russia
Czech
Ukraine
Belarus
Taxes/country
UAE
Tax on profits
14%
30%
39%
41%
47%
49%
56%
43%
VAT
0%
12%
19%
18%
18%
19%
20%
18%
Income tax
0%
20%
20%
22%
20%
20%
25%
24%
UST
13%
11%
31%
22%
26%
22%
1%
34%
Property tax
0%
2%
1%
1%
2%
Land tax
0%
20 $/ha
2%
1200
$/ha
1%
Other
The tax rate
varies
between
Emirates
Transport tax
0,3
$/sq.m
59
$/ha
Road tax,
Energy tax
1%
1 354
$/sqm
1%
Transport tax
National investment interactive website www.invest.gov.kz
Website will be available in 12 languages:
English, German, French, Italian, Spanish,
Arabic, Korean, Japanese, Turkish, Chinese,
Kazakh and Russian.
23
Site objectives:
• Processing of requests and inquiries of
investors and initiators of the projects
online
• Promotion of investment image of
Kazakhstan
• Provision of quality and daily updated
information on all aspects of investing in
Kazakhstan, including:
- investment legislation of the Republic
of Kazakhstan;
- business conditions in Kazakhstan;
- infrastructure conditions;
- government programs;
- government support for investors and
others.
WORKING WITH INVESTORS
P r o v id in g in f o r m a t io n a b o u t
A s s is t in t h e s e le c t io n o f
b u s in e s s / in v e s t
p r o je c ts o f A I I D
p r o j e c t s a n d a n a ly t ic a l in f o r m a t io n
H e lp in c h o o s in g a p a r t n e r
C O M P R E H E N S IV E A S S IST A N C E
TO FO R EIG N IN V ES TO R S
A s s is t a n c e in o b t a in in g
s t a t e s u p p o r t f o r in v e s t o r s
A s s is t a n c e in a d m in is t r a t iv e
O r g a n iz a t io n o f m e e t in g s
w i t h o f f ic ia ls
m a tte rs
THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION!
www.kaznexinvest.kz
www.invest.gov.kz
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