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Патент USA US3099024

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July 30, 1963
F. F. SMITH
3,099,014
MATERNITY GARMENT
Filed May 20, 1960
INVENTOR.
FLORENCE E SMITH
21%“ 5%
A TTORNE Y
3,099,914
1
United States Patent 0 2ce
Patented July 30, 1963
1
2
3,399,614
acterized by incorporating a novel fnont seam flap con
struction; and
MATERNITY GARMENT
Florence F. ?rnith, 315 N. Tejon,
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Filed May 20, 1960, Ser. No. 30,637
5 Claims. (Cl. 2-221)
.
vFIGURE 5 is a section view taken on line 5-5 of
FIGURE 4.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, there is
shown by way of illustrative example in FIGURES l
to 3 a ?rst embodiment of the present invention designed
This invention relates to a new and improved article of
manufacture and more speci?cally relates to an adjustable
and constructed in a unique way so as to have the ap
pearance of a conventional garment, such as slacks, a
design and construction for maternity garments and the
dress or skint incorporating therein a novel front seam
like so as to make the garments conformable for normal
wear, also.
In the design and manufacture of maternity garments,
it is recognized that it is well known to form such articles
in such a way as to enable frontal or side adjustment for 15
wearing before, during and after pregnancy. It is cus
tomary however in presently known garments to require
a number of separate fastening elements, folds or pleated
construction to permit accurate transverse expansion of
the garment for maternity Wear. Speci?cally, the front
seam construction is designed for a single localized altera
tion or expansion of the garment through the waist and
abdominal portion only; only, and especially in early
stages ‘of pregnancy, such expansion will have little or
no outward effect on the appearance of the dress and can
later be return to original size against through a single
alteration. In the form illustrated in FIGURES 1 to 3,
the present invention will be described in detail with refer
arrangements used alone or in conjunction with such
fastening elements, but such arrangements have either
been found to be somewhat bulky or in the alternative
once to a skirt construction, as at 19, which is broadly
located away from the particular area of the garment
comprised of a series of preferably four panel section-s
which most requires adjustment, that is, in the abdominal
\12 which are sewn together to form a back center ver
portion. In the present invention it is proposed to
tical seam 13, side vertical seams 1'4 and a front center
eliminate the use of special fasteners, folds and pleats, 25 seam 15’. In addition, the back center seam includes a
and in general to eliminate a number of time-consuming
lower pleated construction 16, commonly referred to as
alterations, but instead to provide for a single localized
a walking pleat, and one of the side seams 14 is shown
alteration each time such becomes necessary and at the
provided with a separable fastening element adjacent to
exact area of growth with no outward change in ap
the waistline, this being preferably in the form of a zipper
pearance or construction of the garment, and further in
17. Moreover, a belt 18 is connected along the front
such a way as to permit most accurate increase in size of
portion of waistband 19 for a purpose to be described. In
any event, the skirt construction as hereinbefore set
forth is in all respects from an outward appearance that
of a conventional basic skirt construction and it is em
phasized that in no way is the skirt modi?ed in appear
ance for conventional :or normal use notwithstanding the
the garment to conform to changes in the contour of the
body of the wearer with little or no effect upon the ap
pearance of the rest of the garment.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention
to overcome a number of drawbacks and disadvantages
in the design and construction of maternity garments,
such as skirts, dresses, blouses and slacks, and in doing
fact that it is actually constructed for use under special
circumstances, such as maternity or post-operative wear.
so, to make provision for accurate and close control in
In accordance with the present invention, it is a prin- '
the adjustment of expansion of the garment without 40 cipal feature thereof to permit selective expansion or
noticeably ‘affecting its exterior appearance and construc
contraction of the size of the skirt, speci?cally through
tion.
the manner of construction of the front panel sections at
It is another object to provide for a garment which
the front seam 15. It will be noted that the seam 15 is
in exterior construction and appearance correspods with
located at the front center of the skirt and this seam is
45
conventional designs yet which is comformable for use
conventionally formed by sewing the front panels along
as a maternity garment through a hidden, front seam
a straight vertical stitching row. From this point of
construction which is specially formed to permit ex
connection, each front panel section 12 of the present
pansion as desired to accurately conform to the con
invention is pre-formed to include a ‘continuing flap 2%
tour of the wearer.
which extends inwardly from the center seam 15 to lie
It is a still further object to make provision in a 50 ?at along the inner surface of its respective panel. Ac
maternity garment for a special front seam construction
cordingly, together the front panels provide a pair of ?aps
which eliminates bulging, folding or separate fastening
20 forming ‘a continuation from the center seam and
each flap, as best ‘seen from FIGURES l and 3, is rela
elements while at all times maintaing the same exterior
appearance and construction of the dress, except for size, 55
with a minimum of adjustment and which can be easily
returned to its original size and appearance.
The above and other objects of the present invention
will become more readily understood from the following
detailed description taken together with the accompany
ing drawings, in which:
FIGURE 1 is a front view illustrating a ?rst embodi
ment of the present invention generally characterized
by a front seam construction which incorporates a series
of generally vertical stitching rows;
tively wide, as ‘at 21, across the waist ‘band 19 and upper
abdominal portion of the skirt, then curves inwardly in
downwardly tapering fashion, as at 22, into a relatively
narrow strip 2,3v at the lower portion of the skirt. From
the center seam :15 to the marginal contour of the ?aps
as just described, a series ‘of evenly spaced, downwardly
tapering stitching rows 25 serves to connect the ?aps to
gether at predetermined intervals in order to permit
selective ‘expansion of the skirt especially throughout the
abdominal port-ion. As is made apparent particularly
65 from FIGURE 1, the spacing between the ‘stitching rows
in FIGURE 1;
25 is determined in ‘a way such ‘that the rows are uniformly
spaced from one another between the center seam and
FIGURE 3 is a section view taken on line 3-3 of
FIGURE 1 and illustrating in more detail the front seam
rows will similarly extend on a line generally correspond
FIGURE 2 is a back view of the embodiment shown
construction;
FIGURE 4 is a front view illustrating a second embodi~
ment of the present invention which is generally char
marginal contour of the flaps. Accordingly each of the
70 ing with the contour of the flaps to de?ne therebetween
a series of segments 26 of substantially equal area, being
relatively 'wide at the top and curving upwardly toward
the lower margin.
'
3,099,014
3
4i
To employ the front panel or seam construction as
to correspond with the alteration of the flap construction.
described, the wearer during the period of gestation may
increase the transverse size of each of the front panels
adjacent to the original center sem 15, merely by server
Preferably, in the form shown on FIGURES 4 and 5
the top marginal portions of the ?aps 36 are each con
ing the center seam so that a segment 26 of each ?ap 2%)
next to the original center seam will move outwardly along
the front panel portion on each side of the seam, and for
accomplished through the use of suitable clips or merely
‘by two or three stitches interconnecting the margins of
the flaps and the ‘waistband above the front panel sec
tions. Through this simple construction ‘and when nec
essary to “let out” the flaps in accordance with increase
in size during pregnancy, it is not necessary to restitch
the ?aps along the center seam especially when relatively
example the ?rst vertical stitching row 25' will move ‘into
place as the center seam. Throughout successive alter-a
tions it will be seen that the segments 26 from each ?ap
will move outwardly and actually become an outer part of
the front panel as corresponding stitching rows move into
place to form the center seam. As determined by the
marginal contour of the flaps their downwardly tapering
nected as at 32 to the waist-band >19’ and this may be
long blouses or frocks are worn with the skirt.
Instead,
simply by forming a new crease at the juncture of the
?aps in their new relation along the center seam the front
con?guration may correspondingly limit or decrease the 15 panel sections will effectively remain together, it being
understood, that the original seam 15' is left in the skirt
degree of expansion of the skirt toward the lower end
throughout the intermediate and lower end thereof below
thereof during each alteration, as desired.
Upon performing each alteration by severing the exist
the abdominal portion. Thus, the ?ap construction shown
ing seam and replacing it with the next adjacent stitching
in FIGURES 4 ‘and 5 provides a simple and easy way of
row, the crease formed at each seam may easily be ironed 20 expanding the front panel sections without necessity of
constant restitching to form a new center scam in each
out so that in exterior construction and appearance, the
skirt will remain the same. In this connection, the belt
18 may be provided with any suitable adjustable fastening
alteration.
It will become evident from the foregoing that the flap
construction as described in connection with either form
easily be re-centered following each alteration by reat 25 is further conformable for use in slacks, or in a dress, or
moreover in a combined skirt and blouse construction.
tachment of the buttons 28 at equal distances from the
When using either with a combined skirt and blouse, or
center seam 15-. After pregnancy, for example, the skirt
in a oneepiece dress, the same principle applies that the
may be returned to its original size merely by returning
elements such as buttons 28, and the belt when used may
marginal contour of each flap will begin in relatively
the ?aps inwardly either to their original disposition or
some intermediate disposition, it only being necessary to 30 ‘wide portions at the waistline then curve or taper away
maintain the center scam in the new relation on a straight
from the waistline, downwardly throughout the abdominal
vertical line equidistant from the side seams followed by
reattaching the belt 18. Since the flaps are sewn together
pontions and upwardly throughout the midriff so as to
permit corresponding increase in size of the front panels
in accordance with changes in contour of thewearer.
tion is made relatively easy, and by close inspection it is 35 Broadly, whenever used, it will be noted that a side zipper
or similar fastening construction may be employed along
possible to determine without necessity of remeasuring
the side seam which is normally not possible in maternity
the desired placement of the stitching rows 25.
garments; yet, with the ?ap constructions of the present
In the embodiment shown in FIGURES 4 and 5, the
invention the garment is formed in essentially the same
exterior construction of the skirt 10' is essentially the
at all times it is to be noted that return to original rela
same as that shown and described with reference to FIG
40 manner as that of a conventional skirt so as to permit
URES 1 to 3. Again, front panel sections 12’ are spe
use of means such as side zippers together with back
cially ‘formed with ?aps 30 forming inward continuations
walking pleats, the only modi?cation being in the cen
of the front panels from center seam 15'. However, each
of the flaps 30, instead of continuing in a common direc
tralized area along the center seam.
Therefore, in ac
cordance with the present invention, through the provi
tion, is each doubled back over its respective front panel 45 sion of a flap forming a continuation of each respective
front panel section from the center seam for inward ex
to lie flat [along ‘the inner surface of that panel, to the end
tension therefrom and by specially contouring the mar
of minimizing to an even greater extent the bulging of the
gins of the flaps in the manner described, merely by sever
skirt. The flaps are formed similarly to the flaps 20 of
ance of the center seam and limited outward movement
the ?rst embodiment to be of generally oval-shape through
out the ‘abdominal portion, and speci?cally to have a mar
ginal contour which is initially relatively wide as at 21’
adjacent to the waistband then curved downwardly and
inwardly therefrom throughout the abdominal portion, as
of corresponding segments of the ?aps into a new position
forming a part of the front panel sections it is possible to
accurately increase the size of the garment to conform
exactly to the contour of the wearer, especially during
pregnancy.
at 22’ into a relatively narrow strip 23' continuing to the
It is accordingly to be understood from the foregoing
lower edge of the skirt. Alteration is carried out in this 55
that various changes and modi?cations may be made in
form in essentially the same manner as in the form of
the construction and design of the skirt apart from that
FIGURES 1 to 3 by ?rst severing the center seam 15' then
successively moving segments of the flap adjacent to the
of the ?ap constructions without in any way departing
from the scope of the present invention, as defined by the
center seam outwardly to assume a part of the front panel
sections. However, it is then necessary to resecure the 60 ‘appended claims and reasonable equivalents thereof.
What is claimed is:
front panel sections along a new center seam, ?rst insuring
1. A garment conformable for conventional and mater
that the ?ap segments have moved out corresponding dis
nity wear comprising panel portions connected to de?ne
tances ‘and along a course ‘generally corresponding to the
a number of spaced vertical seams including a pair of
marginal contour as at 21', 22’ and 2.3" of the ?aps. In
this connection, guides may be provided in the form of 65 front panels, means adjustably securing said front panels
together in predetermined relation to form a center sep
markings ‘along the surfaces of the ?aps 31} ‘adjacent the
arable seam therebetween each front panel including a
inner surface of the front panel sections which would
?ap forming a continuation of each front panel at the
correspond to the even spacing formed by the vertical
center seam for inward extension therefrom, said ?aps
stitching rows 25 of the ?rst form. Nevertheless, with or
without the markings, the marginal contour of the ?aps 70 each being dimensioned to be relatively wide throughout
the abdominal portion and to curve downwardly ‘and in
provides an easy guide also for the tailor or wearer to
wardly therefrom, and corresponding segments of said
determine the contour of each pair of segments moved
?aps being connectable together at the center seam to in
into place along the front panels, followed by sewing to
crease the width of said front panels to conform to in
gether to form [the new center seam, 'As before, the belt
18’ may be adjusted through the fastening elements 25’ 75 creases in size of the wearer.
3,099,014
5
6
2. A garment conformable for conventional and mater
nity wear comprising panel portions connected to de?ne a
number of spaced vertical seams including a pair of front
ual expansion through a succession of alterations in each
of which corresponding arcuate portions of the ?aps are
secured together to de?ne the center seam.
panels secured together in predetermined relation to de
5. A maternity skirt comprising panel sections secured
?ne a center separable seam with each front panel includ_
ing a ?ap forming an inward continuation thereof from
together along vertical seams including a back center
seam, side seams with at least one having a separable fas
the center seam and lying ?at along its respective panel,
tening element and two front panels secured together to
said flaps having marginal contours converging down
de?ne a center separable seam, each panel including a
wardly substantially throughout the abdominal portion,
?ap de?ning an inward continuation thereof from the
and separable means interconnecting said ?aps at corre 10 center seam and each ?ap being relatively narrow in width
spondingly spaced intervals along the center seam to
from the lower margin of the skirt to the abdominal por
gradually increase the width and to form a part of said
tion then curving outwardly through the abdominal por
front panels to conform to increases in size of the wearer.
tion to the waistline in the form of relatively wide por
3. A garment according to claim 2 wherein said ?aps
tions, and removable fastening means securing said ?aps
are normally joined together by evenly spaced stitching
in ?attened overlapping relation to a respective panel to
rows, and the rows extending substantially parallel to the
provide for increases in Width of said front panels along
marginal contours of said ?aps.
the center seam to include corresponding widths of the
4. A garment conformable for conventional and mater
relatively wide ?ap portions in accordance with the grad
nity wear comprising panel portions connected ‘to de?ne
ual growth of the wearer during pregnancy.
a number of spaced vertical seams including a pair of 20
front panels stitched together in predetermined relation
having a center separable seam therebetween and each
front panel including a ?ap forming a continuation there
of from the center seam for inward extension therefrom,
said ?aps being dimensioned together to be of generally 25
arcuate shape, and separable securing means connecting
in succession correspondingly increasing arcuate shaped
widths of said ?aps at ‘the center seam to gradually in
crease the width of said front panels to conform to in
creases in size of the wearer thereby, to provide for grad
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,009,262
2,021,711
2,189,332
‘Schneider ____________ __ Nov. 21, 1911
Abrams _____________ __ Nov. 19, 1935
Spang ________________ __ Feb. 6, 1940
2,521,409
2,568,545
2,638,597
2,661,477
Richony ____________ __ Sept. 5,
Hill ________________ __ Sept. 18,
Troxell _____________ __ May 19,
Gilbertson ____________ __ Dec. 8,
1950
1951
1953
1953
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