Патент USA US3099047код для вставки
July 30, 1963 3,099,037 F. H. BLAKE ET AL MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 11 Sheets-Sheet 1 72 44 l FIG 57a. 59 x6 84 Jim! 3 FREDERICK M. THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. BY 36 MW” ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 F. H. BLAKE EI'AI. 3,099,037 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 ’ \ l1 Sheets-Sheet 2 I’ g 3o Fl e__2 ! a 5e I ‘I , I; A 7a 82 ‘ _~ m 7 * ‘7765 '1 74 5 so I ’ /—s1 _ _\__ __ 4I , 4 JP I0 + "' 75 7e ,42 ' so _ 780 '_ 7 C _ I 5’5 57 6 30 5 : I? 22 > “2 +77A “ ‘ I' L; 1| 69 ‘i _ K __ X\'\‘\ y w FlG___9 ' 1 FREDERICK M.THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. [all/‘WWW ATTORNEY ' July 30, 1963 F. H. BLAKE ETAL 3,099,037 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 ' ll Sheets-Sheet 5 F le__ 3 . 6 Pjresc —-l—~ I IO 0 a \l [ 58 a 78c A i L '_ JI [ Q 55 \_ __ _ - ,8 56a 5L _ n 67 O 57 68 so 65 s I an 77/ 6 I ° ' /74 IVARIABLE SPEED DRIVE FREDERICK M. THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE E INVENTOR. ‘ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 F. H. BLAKE ETAL 3,099,03 7 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 ll Sheets-Sheet 4 FIG___5 79 *' ililI 630 6° FREDERICK M.THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 F. H. BLAKE ET AL 3,099,03 7 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10', 1961 ll Sheets-Sheet 5 F|G___7 15-1! 65 68 H6 8 FREDERICK M. T‘HORBURN FREDERICK H; BLAKE INVENTOR. BY ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 F. H. BLAKE ETAL 3,099,037 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 ll Sheets-Sheet 6 42 F|e__lO DRAG BRAKE FREDERICK M. THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. I ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 ' F. H. BLAKE ETAL 3,099,037 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 ll Sheets-Sheet 7 59 FIG '3 FREDERICK M. THORBURN F REDERIOK Eljygkglé . E V BY g ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 F. H. B-LAKE ETAL 3,099,037 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 11 Sheets-Sheet s FREDERICK M. THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 F. H. BLAKE ET AL 3,099,037 MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 11 Sheets-Sheet 9 N760 ~76 FREDERICK M. THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. ATTORNEY July 30, 1963 3,099,037 F. H. BLAKE ET AL MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE 11 Sheets-Sheet 1O Filed July 10, 1961 SUPPLY IIO V A0 N0 ' NORMALLY CLOSED 0 N0 = NORMALLY OPEN NO 56 3 NC ' an 0AM MIcRo SWITCH __. 1.' -- OLD FDELAY _ RELAY lg RELAY SINGLE ' REVOLUTION’ CLUTCH 75 TIME E cAM menu SWITCH sTI0I< suns l cYcLE STOP SWITCH 68 88 -I -I 82 sTIcK GATE 41.1 80 76° MEAT a —* L MEAT METERING (RSELAY :0. TYPE) - 42 “OLD _' 36 sTATIoN at Q _ —> TRANSFER RELAY ‘ (LATcII TYPE) _ _0QI_LR_l-Bi__ OUTLINE STEM MICRO GEN EVA HOT WATER GEAR DRIVE MoToR HEATER AND PUMP TAKE OUT CONVEYOR _ J- -_L- -L STICK UNLDG. FlG____|8 FREDERICK M. THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. ATTORNEY JuIy 30, 1963 3,099,037 F. H. BLAKE ET A]. MOCK CHICKEN LEG MACHINE Filed July 10, 1961 11 Sheets-Sheet 11 START 6' STATION TRANSFER RELAY UNLATCHES FOR CYCLE <— CAM MICRO No.2 CLOSES GENEVA GEAR -L MOVES CONVEYOR TO NEXT STATION STATION TRANS. I/4 SECOND 2. E gEIXRVA CLUTCH DRIVE SHAFT PAWL DROP? T 'ruRNs 1 @CAM MICRO No.2 OPENS CAM MICRO NO.| CLOSES (MOLD RELAY CLOSES- STATION TRANSFER ‘ OUT OOMPLETE REVQLU‘HON a STOPS E RELAY LATCHES OUT) <—sT|cK LIFT NEW STICK DRIVES“ COMPLETED LEG UNLOADS KNIFE OPENS CAVITY VA GE gRRIIEESHAF-IAR G—TIME DELAY COIL ENERGIZED COMPLETES MEAT METERING STARTS REVOUTION 5 5 ' e CAM MICRO NO.I OPENS MOLD FILLING TIME I/Z SECOND 1. ‘8_ TIME D'ELAY RELAY OPENS KNIFE CLOSES —-> RELAY -9_ MOLD OPENS STICK LIFT DROPS % LO SECONDS STATION TRANSFER RELAY UNLATCHES FOR NEXT CYCLE FREDERICK M. THORBURN FREDERICK H. BLAKE INVENTOR. FlG__ __ l9 ATTORNEY htates 3,999,637 atent Patented July 30, 1963 l 2 3,099,937 A further object of this invention is to provide a two piece mold for the reception of meat products which will ‘form them into a desirable shape around and secured MUCH CHICKEN LEG MACIMQE Frederick H. Blake, Believne, and Frederick M. Thor-burn, Redmond, ‘Wash, assignors to Snnnee Brand Meat Company, Inc, Seattle, Wash, a corporation of Wash ington Filed Early 10, 1961, Ser. No. 122,816 8 Ctaims. (Cl. 17-1) to a meat skewer. A further object of this invention is to provide inter mittent drive means which will move the chain belt through the machine at a relatively high average speed but which will slow the belt down to a stop and start it ‘again, both operations with a very gradual movement This present invention relates to a machine of the type so as not to dislodge ‘any of the meat products previously used for preparing ground meats and meat admixtures formed upon the skewers which are being carried through in speci?c shapes or forms and applying them to a wooden the machine to the delivery point. stick for easy eating, particularly when they are hot. A further object of this invention is to provide a me More speci?cally this invention relates to a machine chanical means for molding individual servings in some which accepts ground meats under pressure and meas 15 acceptable form as in the shape of a mock ‘chicken leg ures it into convenient serving portions. The meat is then and to so handle these servings that they will be uniform formed into some particular and acceptable shape. Dur in texture and density so that they can be so uniformly ing the forming of the meat into its predetermined shape, handled in cooking operations that they will give a uni form end product. as a chicken leg for instance, the meat is formed around a stationary stick and thereby forms a good union with 20 ‘Other objects, advantages and capabilities will be ap the stick without any danger of the stick creating internal parent ‘from the description and disclosure in the draw~ stresses that might cause the compacted meat to split dur ings or may be ‘comprehended or are inherent in the ing a subsequent cooking operation. device. In the drawings: It is well known that a large amount of our meat products are served as snack foods, normally without 25 FIGURE ‘1 is a side elevation of one exemplary em the bene?t of plate or formal table setting. Eating of bodiment of this invention and showing the same as in this kind occurs a great deal in homes where there are operation with the meat holding sticks in their proper a number of children, at picnics and at recreational re positions but with no meat applied thereto. sorts as well as in certain types of eating establishments FIGURE 2 is an end elevation of the machine of where the diner accepts his food on a paper plate or in 30 FIGURE 1 taken from the motor drive end. a basket and takes it to his car or other convenient place FIGURE 3 is a top plan view of the machine of removed from the source of the food. This form of FIGURE 1. eating has made it desirable to provide mechanical equip FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, on ment for the formation or molding of such meat prod an increased ‘scale, taken along the line 4—4 of FIG ucts prior to their cooking and this present invention is 35 URE 2. created to supply this market. FIGURE 5 is a fragmentary view, on an enlarged scale, In the past a great deal of this type of food, particu larly where the meat is mounted on a stick, has been laboriously hand formed and hand mounted on the stick which was a very slow operation and did not yield a uni form product that could be depended upon to function taken along the line 5—5 of FIGURE 2. FIGURE 6 is a vertical cross-sectional view on an in creased scale taken along the 1line 6—-6 of FIGURE 3, and ‘showing the stick feeding means and hopper therefor. FIGURE 7 is a top plan view of the stick handling the same each time a new batch was being cooked. Such hand labor on small pieces of food added a great deal to its ‘cost. In this present machine two ounce meat serv means shown in FIGURE 6. FIGURE '8 is a top plan View similar to FIGURE 7 applied to a stick in a uniform manner at the rate of FIGURE 9 is a bracket view, on an increased scale, showing the stick carrying means in cross section and but illustrating an advanced position in the operational ings for example can be formed in different shapes and 45 ‘cycle. approximately one per second. Such a machine, of necessity, requires a synchronized sequential operation the ejector element employed in coaction therewith. ‘and certain of the steps require a momentary stoppage of 50 FIGURE 10 is a partial cross-sectional view in ele ‘the ?ow of materials through the machine. This is par vation of a portion of this machine with certain parts ticularly true of the step where the meat products are shown in section as taken along the line 10—10 of formed upon a wooden skewer or stick. It follows that if high speed of operation is to be maintained a number FIGURE 3. FIGURE 11 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view of steps must be sequentially arranged so as to spread 55 taken along the line 11-41 of FIGURE 10, the same the activity over a considerable length of a moving chain being shown on the increased scale. belt so that the completed number of unit-s will be up to FIGURE 12 is a fragmentary sectional view in eleva the capacity required. This present machine is believed tion showing a face view of one half of the compressing to meet these exacting requirements. A principal object of this present invention therefore is to provide a method and means for forming individual meat servings which are stick mounted for subsequent cooking and use. mold and certain of the operational elements therewith taken along the line 12-12 of FIGURE 10. FIGURE 13 is a fragmentary view showing certain of the elements of FIGURE 10 in sectional view, taken along the line 13-—13 of FIGURE 10 and on the same scale, with the mold closed and showing the power means for A further object of this invention is to provide an inter mittently driven chain ‘belt which will provide the means 65 operating the meat metering means. for transporting a skewer or mounting stick through the FIGURE 14 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view machine and stopping the same for a succession of op taken along the line Iii-14- of FIGURE 3 and illustrat erations. ing one type of meat metering or measuring means and A further object of this invention is to provide means the actuating means therefor. whereby an accurately measured amount of ground meat 70 FIGURE 15 is a horizontal sectional ‘view taken along and admixtures thereto vcan be measured at a high cyclic the line \15--l5 of FIGURE 14 showing the cut-off knife. rate and discharged into a mold. FIGURE 16 is a partial sectional view in elevation and 3,099,037 3 . on an enlarged scale, taken along the line 16—16 of FIG URE 3 and illustrating the leg ejection means. FIGURE 17 is a fragmentary elevation in section and on an increased scale with certain parts shown in section and illustrating a typical power timing means and the cam actuating means therefor, taken along the line 17—1I7 of FIGURE 2. FIGURE 18 is a diagrammatic view showing the elec tric wiring diagram and with certain timing elements em 4 devices, not illustrated, but which are well known and which themselves function in time intervals measured in milli-seconds. Operatively positioned below the metering means 24 are the meat compressing and forming mold members 44) and 41. Mold members 49‘ and 41 are brought together to complete a mold by the ?uid cylinders 42. It is fur ther necessary that these mold members be mantained at a temperature which will insure that the meat mixture ployed therewith being shown in diagrammatic exploded being compressed into a mock chicken leg will free itself form. FIGURE 19 is a time and sequence diagram of one from each half as the mold members are withdrawn to cycle of operation of this machine which graphically illustrates and states in words the various steps and shows the time required for each. ‘Referring to the drawings, throughout which like ref the position as indicated in FIGURE 14, leaving the meat compressed and supported by a wooden stick or skewer 44 which serves as a handle in carrying and eating the meat. Inasmuch as the stick 44 travels in a straight line it is necessary that both the mold members be withdrawn erence characters indicate like parts, the numeral 10 gen from the path of the compacted meat. One convenient erally designates the structural steel framework of this means for maintaining an optimum temperature in molds machine. The height of this framework is preferably 4-9 and at is to form these with mold heating chambers as such that the operational parts are largely at a level for 20 45 and to circulate ?uid of the desired temperature convenient observation, particularly the meat forming through the two sets of tubes 46 and ‘47 which move with dies and the translation chain. A plurality of vertical mold elements 4t} and 41 and are guided and positioned frame members are provided with longitudinal connect by blocks 48. ing frame members, one on each side of the machine, and It naturally follows that the stick 44 must be motion various other connecting frame members as required for less when the meat is compressed around it. It is then the proper support of the various elements of the equip desirable that the molds be retracted quickly which calls ment. Disposed upon a secondary ‘framework 15 is the for sensing means. A convenient sensing means is a plu meat metering device shown generally at 16, together rality of limit switches as 52 and 53, which will de?nitely with the power cylinder 18 for operating the metering indicate to panel 36 when the two halves 4i} and 41 of the device. This equipment is particularly well illustrated in mold are retracted, thus making it possible for the meat FIGURES 10, 13 and 14 and generally in FIGURES 1 laden stick to be moved on sequentially in a step-by—step and 3. movement along its course. Ground meat in a semi-?uid state is placed in the pres ‘One convenient means of starting the conveyor, which sure cylinder 26, to which air pressure is then applied carries stick 44 in a manner to start it without jar and from a suitable source which may be supplied from an Xternal source or may be separately power driven and attached to the machine. The same is not illustrated. which will accelerate it quickly is the Geneva wheel 55 operatively driven by pin 79 secured to crank 79A which is ?xedly secured to the driving shaft 77. The Geneva The ground meat is forced by air pressure through meat wheel 55 is mounted upon shaft 56 which carries two transport hose 21 into the upper housing 22. From here laterally spaced drive sprockets 57 which, in turn, drive it is admitted through suitable ports to the rotary meter link chains 59 in an intermittent manner to transmit in ing means 24. The rotary movement is effected by the termittent motion to shaft 56a through laterally spaced rack gear 25- operated backwards and forwards by ?uid sprockets ‘57a, all as is best shown in FIG. 3. FIGURE cylinder 18 and 'the rack engaging spur gear 26 secured 18 gives a diagrammatic arrangement of the essential elec to and revolving the metering element 24-. A suitable tric circuit involved and also illustrates diagrammatically metering means, for which no speci?c claim is made, is the various mechanisms and the control and operating shown in FIGURE 14 in which the metering valve 24 is means therefor, providing the step-by-step intermittent rotated 90 degrees alternately in each direction by rack cycling of this equipment. 25 and gear 26 to align ?rst the diametrically disposed As a separate stick 44 must be provided for each ports 17, only one of two is shown, and the ports 19 and individual mock chicken leg, means is provided to sequen 19a. The semi-fluid meat under pressure is forced 50 tially feed a single stick in the position where it can be through each set ‘of ports in turn to ?ll the receiver 23‘. seated in the stick holder 64 on one of the spaced carrier As shown in FIGURE 14, the ?ow is arrested by the bars ‘65. The sequence of operations involving the stick knife valve 27 having the valve opening 28 which sequen 44- are illustrated in FIGURES 6, 7, 8 and 16. As a large tially is momentarily opened by ?uid cylinders 36 which number of sticks are employed, a suitable hopper is ?rst operate together. Adjustment for the weight or volume provided as indicated at 58. Hopper 58 is provided with of the meat charge is e?ected by changing the distance a shaking means 60 which is further illustrated in FIG between the meat measuring pistons 32 and 33. The URE 4-. In following the stick handling sequence, atten pistons alternately abut the central wall 34 of valve por tion is ?rst directed to FIGURE 6 in which a groove is tion 24- and their individual travel distance effects the provided at 62 to engage the stick 44 which, through volume of the metered meat. 60 vibration hopper 58 as illustrated in FIGURE 6 and of In the operation of this present machine it is necessary hopper 58 is supplied with given proper orientation and to have fast operation of the various parts in order that alignment. As stick 44 seats in groove 62 of the recipro the output of the machine will be adequate to make it cating stick carrier ‘63 this carrier moves the individual economical for commercial use. It is therefore necessary stick to the position in FIGURE 7 where the stick is in that various power operating means be provided, each 65 alignment with stick holder 64, illustrated in FIGURE 9 of which is sequentially timed to perform its operation at and also shown in the various views. Holder 64 is prefer a certain instant. Referring to FIGURE 1, a control ably made of plastic material and provided with a plural panel is provided within housing 36 which provides ity of slits so it will resiliently grip sticks 44. A hous for the conversion of sensing intelligence into operational ing 61 encloses the holder member and a lock sleeve 71 movement control. This control unit is preferably re~ 70 completes the unit and provides means for securing the motely positioned from the machine and the various se clutch assembly on carrier bars. Holders 64 are carried quential operations are sensed through suitable cables 38 on spaced carrier bars 65, each end of which is secured and the necessary operational intelligence sent to the to the parallel link chains 59. These chains are sequen various positions on the machine so that the sequential tially controlled by suitable means to be generally de operations will be keyed one to the other with keying 75 scribed later. The stick seating power means 67 seats 3,099,037 ,‘u 5 '33 the stick in holder 64 when the various parts are in slot when the cam micro switch '76 makes contact, the clutch 75 remains mechanically locked-in until it has proper relationship. This ?nal seating is achieved by the stick 44 in the compression cavity provided by mold .?nished its complete revolution back to its starting point. ‘It waits at the starting point again until the latch on the station trasfer relay is again energized. This allows the members 40 and 41 and conveyed to the end of the con veyor provided by chains 59, the means shown in FIG meat molding operation to commence just as soon as the main conveyor 5? is stopped on its new station, but moves forward movement of plunger 68, as will be noted in FIGURE 8. When the meat has been formed around the Geneva gear driving pawl 79 to a point where it UREl6 is employed wherein the stick ejector element 69 starts the conveyor in motion as quickly as possible after is moved by the power means 70 to eject stick 44 which will now normally be covered with the compressed meat. 10 station transfer relay latch is released. This helps to reduce cycle time to a minimum. Cam micro switch 76 The ?nished mock chicken leg will then be deposited opens just before clutch 75 releases and the driving pawl upon the conveyor belt 72 which will carry it to the and driving shaft 77A, on which the cams 76c and 780 packing area. are mounted, stops. This is so that the mold relay and Sequence of Operations station transfer relay are under control of the time delay The main conveyor 59 on which the mock chicken legs relay and latch respectively rather than the cam micro are formed is moved from station to station by the Gen switch 76. It should also be noted that the latch release eva gear mechanism shown in FIGURES 4 and 5. The on the meat metering relay 86 is locked out by the N.C. drive shaft 56 of this Geneva gear 55 is connected by contacts of the mold relay 52 being opened. This pre chain 82 of a variable speed gearing of the driving motor vents the latch from being operated momentarily or try; 74 through an air controlled single revolution clutch 75 20 ing to open when molding head micro limit switch 52 of conventional design, the structural details of which normally open (designated as N.C. in the drawings) are not illustrated in full. On a reduced diameter exten contacts are being held closed by the molding heads sion 77A of the Geneva gear pawl driving shaft 77 are being all the way open as shown in FIGURE 10. located two cam-operated micro switches. The micro As the mold starts to close, the circuit to the latch switch 76 initiates the function of the mold cycling. Cam 25 opens and the stick lift 7 3 operates from the N.C. contacts micro switch 78 operates the stick slide 63 which picks up of this micro switch ‘closing. This stick lift causes the a new stick 44 from the hopper 58 and positions it ready chicken leg to be ‘formed about IA; inch higher than the for driving into one of the main conveyor stick holder normal position of the conveyor by shoe 66, shown in units 64. FIGURE 12, forcing conveyor chains vertically upwlard In describing the operation of the electrical control 30 1/s inch, as indicated in FIGURE 11 at 77L. Then, when system, it is assumed that the initial point of operation stick lift cylinder 73 is ‘dc-energized, the formed chicken is where the machine normally stops when it is shut down leg will drop 1A3 inch clear of the upper part of the mold, in proper sequence. This is when the “Latch Circuit” of it possible to move it Without scraping the inside the station transfer relay is opened, preventing the relay 35 making top of the mold cavity. As the mold further closes, it from unlatching. The molds will be open and the closes ‘another micro switch 53, a normally open circuit, Geneva gear driving pawl 79 will be just ready to enter the next Geneva gear slot. This starting point is the drop-out point of the single revolution clutch 75 when it is in the de-energized state. just as the two mold heads 45 and 41 come together. This circuit closure performs the following functions: (1) It energizes the stem micro switch which is just under the forming mold heads and disposed so that the pin that protrudes out of each stick holder bottom, when transfer relay latch circuit, indicated in FIGURE 18 at a stick is properly in place, closes the ND. contacts. This 85, the single revolution clutch 75 is energized by the stem micro switch 55, shown in FIGURE 10, furnishes normally closed contacts of the station transfer relay 85. power via N.C. contacts of the time delay relay to the Also, the stick gate 80 which holds the stick in place for driving is pulled back out of the way by cylinder 81 so 45 knife 27 through the knife valve opening 28, then opens to admit a new charge of meat into the mold cavity and that the conveyor can move the stick 44 and holder 64 it also energizes the meat metering relay and meat meter to the next station. The sequence of operation will be ing cylinder 24 in one direction to push 2 ounces, the best understood by a study of FIGURES 6, 7 and 8. The assumed normal weight or" meat, into the mold. If no two guide rods 63a are used to position stick slide 63 stick is in position, switch 50 will not be opened and during and at the end of its movements. At this point, if cycling is initiated by closing the station The single revolution clutch 75 imparts driving motion ?lling will be by-passed. This prevents putting meat into the mold when there is no stick to hold it. to the driving pawl 79 which moves the Geneva gear to (2) It operates the stick unloading cylinder '75 which the next station. As the driving pawl leaves the slot in pushes out the chicken leg onto the take-out conveyor 72 the Geneva gear, cam micro switch 76 closes which causes two things to happen: (1) is closes the mold relay and 55 by pressing on the protruding pin ‘sticking out of the stick holder. (2) it closes the station transfer relay. The various re (3) It operates the stick driving cylinder 67 which lays are housed in cabinet 36 with certain control valves which are not shown but are indicated in FIGURE 18. drives a new stick 44 into an empty stick holder 64 at the ‘The ?rst action of the mold relay is to energize the mold cylinder valves 42 which closes molds 4t?- and 4-1 which head end of the machine. It should be noted that the opening of cam micro switch 78 has tie-energized the stick slide 63 at a suf?cient interval before this time to bring the are the forming mold or meat forming cavity. the‘ sec new stick 44 into loading position before stick driving ond is to lock itself in, through its own points and the cylinder 67 ‘acts. normally closed points on the time relay or mold ?lling (4) It energizes the coil of time ‘delay relay 76a (mold time relay which are indicated in the drawings as N.C. The second action of course makes the mold relay lock-in 65 ?lling time) causing it to start timing approximately the 1/2 second interval required for ?lling the mold with meat. dependent upon the time delay relay, and cam micro As the mold ?lls with meat the time delay relay operates switch 76 can be opened without affecting the mold relay. at its timed interval to open both of its normally closed The station transfer or main coil in circuit 85 is mechanically latched down and the N.C. points which 70 contacts. This opens the hold-in circuit on the mold relay 7 6 causing it to open which starts the opening of the control the pawl of clutch 75 and stick gate 80 will be mold members 40 and M. It ‘also opens up the circuit locked open until such time as the latch is released on the station transfer relay. to the knife cylinders 30 which closes to cut off meat in Although the pawl of clutch 75 is de-energized as the the ?lling chamber or receiver 23 and prevents dribbling Geneva gear driving pawl 79 is just emerging from the 75 of compressed meat into the open mold. It also de 7 8 energizes the meat metering relay so as to set it up for the mounted servings from said carrier bars and power switch‘ ing means for insuring sequential operation of the said coacting elements of said machine. 2. A mock chicken leg machine, comprising: a frame next cycle which is in the opposite direction. As the mold ?rst parts, it opens the ND. micro switch points which retracts the stick driving cylinder 67 ready for the next cycle ‘and also ‘dc-energizes the stem micro switch. work for supporting a plurality of transverse shafts; trans versely spaced chain sprockets disposed in coacting pairs As the mold is almost open it opens the NC. contacts on said shafts; two spaced apart parallel disposed chains of the other molding head micro switch, dropping the operatively driven and supported by said sprockets and stick lift. having the upper run of said chain-s at an easily observ This lowers the conveyor chains 1/8 inch by gravity, clearing the chicken leg from the top of the 10 able level; an intermittent driving means for said chains arranged to stop said chains in sequence with other ele mold. ments of said machine during the forming of the meat When the mold is completely open it closes the ND. serving; a plurality of longitudinally spaced carrier bars contacts of this same micro switch which completes the secured [at opposite ends to each of said chains; a stick circuit to the latch on the station transfer relay via the NC. points on the mold relay. This causes the station 15 clutch secured at substantially the midpoint of each of said bars; a pair of coacting meat compressing mold members transfer relay 85 to open and complete the circuit to the single revolution clutch '75 and the stick holding gate 80 so with their cavities on the same level as the upper end of sticks carried by said bars; means for supplying ground’ meat under pressure; a metering means for measuring a tection is incorporated in this latch circuit to prevent the latch from releasing ‘and initiating the next cycle, if any 20 serving amount of said meat vand passing it downwardly in synchronization with the movement of said mold mem type of misoperation occurs ‘or if any portion of the » ers; ?uid operated means for sequentially closing said cycle is not completed. Conveniently placed on the ma mold members for compressing a metered amount of meat chine is a cycle stop switch S8 in the latch circuit. Open on a stick handle; ‘a conveyor belt for carrying the ?nished ing this switch stops the cycling by preventing any move meat servings away from the machine; stick ejector means ment of the single revolution clutch 75. for ejecting the ?nished servings from said carrier bars and The cam micro switch ‘78 is set to be closed just after that the next cycle can be initiated. All malfunction pro chain conveyor 55} starts to move stick 4.4 up to» the next power switching means for insuring sequential operation station and is in contact approximately 180 degrees of the revolution of the Geneva wheel. This vallows the slide or of the said coacting elements of this machine. 3. The subject matter of claim 2 in which heating cham bers are provided in both of said coacting mold members and means ‘for circulating a. heated ?uid through said chambers during their periods of use. 4. The subject matter of claim 3 in which lifting means are provided for lifting the stick, to which meat is to be attached, before the meat is secured to the stick. 5. The combination according to claim 2 wherein, limit reciprocating stick carrier 63 to return to the driving > position with a new stick just before driving cylinder 67 starts to operate. The circuits to the Geneva gear driving motor, the hot water heater 83, the pump 84, for heating molding heads, and the take-out ?nished leg conveyor '72 are connected to a power source at all times through proper protection circuits. All designs of the machine and control are based on approximately ia one second cycle. This is ad justable to some extent by chain conveyor 59 cycling speed switches are secured to various parts of said machine to give sensings when an operation is completed and to ener gize other operating circuits to insure sequential function ing of other coacting parts. 6. The combination according to claim 2 further hav ing a reciprocating knife provided with an opening through which the metered meat passes during the charging of said coacting mold members. and by changing the amount of time delay in the mold ?lling time delay relay. Major changes ‘can be made by the variable speed drive and driving motor 74;. How ever, experience has borne out that a one second cycle is both possible and practical. 7. The combination according to claim 2 wherein :a stick It is believed that it will be clearly apparent from the above description and the disclosure in the drawings that 45 orienting and feeding means is provided with a storage hopper having a vibrating bottom with ‘a stick discharge the invention comprehends a novel construction of mock opening; a reciprocating stick carrier having a groove for chicken leg machine. receiving a single stick at a time ‘and moving it into align Having thus described our invention, we claim: ment with said stick clutch and power operated means for 1. A mock chicken leg machine, comprising: aframe- ‘ work for supporting a plurality of transverse shafts; trans- . versely spaced chain sprockets disposed in coacting pairs on said shafts; two spaced apart parallel chains operatively driven and supported by said sprockets and having the upper run of said chains at an easily observable level; an moving said stick into said clutch. - 8. A machine for compressing a meat vserving on the end of a stick handle, comprising: a framework for sup porting a plurality of transverse shafts; a belt having sup porting and driving means secured to said shafts; an inter 55 mittent driving means for said belt means arranged to stop intermittent driving means for said chains ‘arranged to stop said belt in synchronization with other elements of said said chains in synchronization with other elements of said machine during the compressing of each meat serving; a machine; a plurality of longitudinally spaced carrier bars plurality of stick clutches secured at spaced intervals along secured at opposite ends to each or" said chains; a stick said belt means; a pair of coacting meat compressing clutch secured at substantially the midpoint of each of said bars for gripping the lower ends of said sticks and 60 cavity mold members with their cavities disposed to inter mittently enclose the meat receiving end of sticks posi carrying them in a vertical posit-ion; a pair of coacting tioned by said stick clutches; means for supplying ground meat compressing cavity mold members with their cavities on the same level [as the upper end of sticks carried by meat under pressure; a metering means for measuring a said bars; means for supplying ground meat and admix serving amount of said meat and passing it downwardly tures under pressure; a metering means for measuring a 65 in synchronization with the movement of said mold mem serving amount of said meat and pas-sing it downwardly in synchronization with the movement of said mold members; a transversely movable knife disposed between said metering means and said mold members to cut o? a predetermined amount of meat; fluid operated means for 70 operatively moving said knife; ?uid operated means for sequentially closing said mold members for compressing bers; means for operatively closing said mold members for compressing a metered amount of meat on a stick handle and means for carrying the ?nished meat servings away from the machine. References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS a metered amount of meat on 1a stick handle; a conveyor belt for carrying the ?nished meat servings away from the machine; stick ejector means for ejecting the ?nished stick 75 2,303,566 2,609,564 Majestic ______________ __ Dec. 1, 1942 Grimm ______________ __ Sept. 9, 1952.