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Патент USA US3099095

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July 30, 1963
R. w. ANDERSON
3,099,086
HAIR TAPERING CLIPPERS
Filed OC‘E. 21, 1960
FIG.
FIG.4
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FIG.5
R U s s E I L W.
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United States Patent 0
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3,699,086
Patented July 30, 1963
1
‘lower blade '24 isfdrnred with a circular disc '26 radially
3,099,086
TAPERING CLIPPERS
Russell W. Anderson, 1110 W. 68th St,
Los Angeles, Calif.
Filed Oct. 21, 1960, Ser. No. 64,003
2 (Ilaims. (Cl. 30-212)
This invention is a hair tapering clippers, the design
from its inner end. Circular disc '26 is ‘the means of re
ivolvin'g and ih'iiiibbiliiihg blade 24 to the handle 8 when
knunednag 9 is tightened. Dead center of disc 26 is a
rectangular hole 27 through which the extension 28 of
upper blade ‘25 loosely passes. ‘The end of extension 28
is “formed into a recessed T, 29 to correlate and engage
“drummed extension 20 in \a manner allowing actuating
member '17 ‘to
its reciprocating action to upper
of which allows the unskilled individual to cut his own
hair. Hair tapering is the ‘result of even gradation from 10 ‘blade 25, no matter at which angle of rotation the cut
ting head is set at.
I
the long hair at the top of the head to the short hair at
Cutting blades v24 and 25 are held together and in align
the neck line, without the presence of chopped or stepped
inent by vscrews 30. ‘Spring washers 31, under the heads
areas. Barbers do this ‘by lifting the hair with a comb
of screws 30 force upper blade 25 onto close contact with
and cutting with a shears. ‘Requiring a degree of skill
and the use of two hands, this is impractical when the in 15 lower blade 24. Slots 32 in blade 25 allow it to move
in reciprocation.
dividual ‘attempts to cut his own hair. This clipper is
It is now apparent that by moving lever 14 toward han
held in one hand leaving the other free to hold a mirror.
dle 8 that ?nger 13 will press against the forward wall of
The clipper is vused in a downward combing motion only
‘slot 718 causing actuating member 17 to move cutting
and no lifting of the hair is required or ‘desired. The
hair lying in a normal position at all times. The depth 20 blade 25 forward. This has also compressed spring 22.
and nature of the cutting action is determined by the clip
per itself. The primary object being, a clipper with a
built-in, controlled, broken-?eld cutting action, that leaves
Release of lever 14 allows spring to retract cutting blade
25 and return lever 14 to starting position, thereby com
pleting one cutting cycle.
The metered broken-?eld cutting action of blades 24
to the operator’s judgment only where on the head to
and 25 ‘will now be explained. Referring to FIGURE 1,
apply this action and for how long.
the teeth '33‘ on the lower blade 24 are of a very short
Another object of the invention is a clipper with a cut
length, being only about 1/16 of an inch long. When the
ting head that can be rotated to any angle in relation to
clipper is used, the cutting head is turned ‘to approxi
the handle and immobilized there.
mately right angle to the surface of the hair, ‘and is pressed
A further object is a clipper that can be used in either
30 inward toward the scalp. Since the teeth are so short
hand.
they do not rest on the scalp but rather the pressure is
Still another object is a clipper that will do a complete
taken on the surface of the hair, and expressly on the few
hair cut, top, back, sides and neck line.
hairs 37 that have been pressed deepest into the spaces
The various features and advantages of the invention
34 between teeth 33‘. These few hairs are now in posi
will be apparent from the following detailed description,
considered with the accompanying drawing.
35 tion to be cut ‘by teeth 35 of upper blade 25.
The num
ber of hairs that will actually be cut by each tooth is
limited by the width of spaces 34 and the amount that
lustrative;
the upper teeth 35 overlap the spaces 34. This overlap
FIG. 1 is an enlarged fragmentary section of the cut
ting head, showing the lower stationary blade and the 40 is only approximately .02 inch. Because the width of
teeth 33 is present it will be apparent that all hair lying
upper reciprocating blade. Hair is shown in only one
normally on the surface will not be pressed deep enough
space for purposes of clarity.
into spaces 34 and thereby be cut. Rather the tops of
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the clipper, with certain parts
small gatherings of hair will be cut. The teeth 33, in the
broken away and the cutting head lying on the same plane
lower blade 24, are of uniform width. The spaces 34,
as the handle.
FIG. 3 is a sectional view, with the cutting head turned 45 in the lower 'blade 24, are of uniform width. The spaces
36 of upper blade 25 are of uniform width, but the up
to a position right angle from the plane of the handle.
In this drawing, which is to be regarded as merely il
FIG. 4 is a transverse section on line 6-6 FIG. 3.
FIG. 5 is an enlarged, transverse section on line 7—-7
FIG. 3 and looking in direction of arrow.
Referring to the drawing, the clipper in the main com
prises; a tubular handle 8 threaded at its forward end to
receive the threaded knurled retaining ring '9. Integral
per ‘blade teeth 35 are not uniform in width. Also there
is a different number of ‘teeth in each blade. Conse
quently hair 37 is being denied admittance to some of
spaces 34 at different stations and at different times along
the length of blade 24. If teeth and spaces in both blades
were the same then all teeth would cut simultaneously
and a small step would probably be cut. To prevent this
the upper blade spaces 36 are so varied in spacing that they
handle '14 pivots. Opening 12 is provided between these 55 do not cut simultaneous, nor in succession, but rather the
cutting action jumps in 'a random fashion back and forth
mounting lugs to allow entry of the ?nger 13 which is an
on the length of the blades. As the clipper is moved
extension of lever 14. Appendages 15 and 16 provide
progressively downward along with movement of lever
?rm grip on the handle 8 and lever 14. Operating in a
14 a pattern of bnoken ?eld undetectable tiny clippings
reciprocating manner within the tubular handle 8 is a
turned actuating member 17, with a slot 18 to receive 60 is made. Because of the small amount of hair that is
metered to the cutting area, repeated downward strokes
?nger 13. The forward end 20 is turned in a T-shaped
are required. The operation is unhurried and the op
extension and is integral with member 17. The reduced
erator can see how he is progressing at all times as the
rearward section is a shaft 21 which transmits the action
hair is lying in place thruout the whole procedure.
of spring 22 to the actuating member 17. The outer end
It is to be noted that the cutting characteristics of the
of shaft 21 is threadably engaged with a nut that retains
clipper can be selected during manufacture by changing;
spring 22 in a common manner. Within the handle 8
the width of teeth 33. the width of spaces 34, the amount
and integral with it is .a ring 23 against which spring 22
that upper teeth 35 overlap spaces 34, the ratio between
and actuating member 17 abut at rest.
the number of teeth on blades 24 and 25, and the disposi
The two cutting blades 24 and 25 are both formed with
70 tion of teeth spaces ‘36 along the edge of blade 25.
a cut out section ‘19 so as to retain the proper blade length
It is to be noted in FIGURE 2 that there are teeth on
and still reduce the over-all length of the clipper. The
with the ‘handle on its upper side, two adjacent mounting
lugs 10 are provided to support bolt 11 upon which the
3
3,099,086
both edges of the cutting head. In using the clipper the
lower iblade 24 would be facing the top of the head. If
it Were desired to change the clipper from one hand to
4
handle assembly end perpendicular to the axis of said
blades, said reciprocating blade member having an ex
tension passing through and beyond said circular disc and
the other, the knurledring 9 would be loosened, the cut
ting head rotated 180 degrees and the knurled ring re
tightened. The lower blade 24 would again be facing the
top of the head and the clipper ready for use in the other
having a T shaped recess in its extreme end; said handle
so that edge could be vused to trim the short hair at the
neck line. Further tapering control can be had by rock
recess adjacent the position of said lugs into which recess
extends a ?nger integral with said movable handle to re—
assembly comprising a hollow tubular stationary handle
with a pair of lugs pivotally mounting :a moveable han
dle, a circular actuating member positioned in said sta
hand.
tionary handle with a reduced diameter portion passing
In an ‘alternate embodiment one edge of the cutting
through an internal ?ange in the handle and being biased
head could be manufactured with even shorter teeth 33, 10 toward said handle end, said actuating member having a
ing ‘back upon heel 38. This lifts the cutting edge
slightly.
ciprocate said actuating member, said actuating member
having a circular T shaped extension which is received
While I have shown the preferred embodiment of my 15 in the T shaped recess of the movable blade extension to
invention it is to be understood that various changes in
reciprocate said movable blade, said stationary handle
size, shape, arrangement of parts and the use of power
having a threaded enlarged portion adjacent the cutter
drive may be resorted to without ‘departing from the
head, and a knurled ring nut to clamp the circular disc
spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended
on the nonreciprocated blade member against enlarged
claims.
20 end of the stationary handle member yet permitting axial
What I claim:
rotation of the cutter head relative to the handle assembly.
1. A hair tapering clipper having a cutter head and a
handle assembly, said cutter head comprising a nonre
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
ciprocated blade member and a reciprocating blade mem
UNITED STATES PATENTS
her positioned and guided in slidable contact on said non- 25
‘reciprocated blade member, said nonreciprocated blade
member having teeth of equal width and spaces of equal
width along its axial aligned edges, said reciprocating
blade member having teeth of miscellaneous widths and
spaces of equal Width along its axial aligned edges.
30
2. A hair tapering clipper having a cutter head and a
handle assembly, said cutter head comprising a nonre
458,940
560,260
Bonham _____________ __ Sept. 1, 1891
Donnelly ____________ __ May 19, 1896
1,633,063
2,260,285
Bernarducci _________ __ June 21, 1927
Adams ______________ __ Oct. 28, 1941
‘ 2,738,579
Gent _______________ __ Mar. 20, 1956
2,741,026
2,827,695
Guenther ____________ __ Apr. 10, 1956
Vitale ______________ __ Mar. 25, 1958
255,841
603,055
Great Britain ________ __ Nov. 11, 1926
France _______________ __ Jan. 6, 1926
ciprocated blade member with teeth along its axial aligned
edges and a reciprocating blade member positioned and
guided on said nonreciprocated Iblade member, said non- 35
reciprocated blade member having a circular disc on its
FOREIGN PATENTS
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