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Патент USA US3099157

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July 30, 1963
SHIGERU YAMAWAKI
3,099,146
ROLLER TYPE CONTINUOUS DYEING APPARATUS
Filed June 15, 1961
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
La.
July 30, 1963
SHIGERU YAMAWAKI
3,099,146
ROLLER TYPE CONTINUOUS DYEING APPARATUS
Filed June 15, 1961
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
r
A
July 30, 1963
SHIGERU YAMAWAKI
3,099,146
ROLLER TYPE CONTINUOUS DYEING APPARATUS
Filed June 15, 1961
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
7,1411 Ill- 'IIIIIl III I’)
I'II-"II
United States Patent 0-’ ice
it
3,099,146
APPARATUS
RULLER TYPE CUNTINUQUS DYEING
Shigeru Yarnawaki, Handa-shi, Japan, assignor to Daishin
Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha, Handa-shi, Japan, a corpora
tion of Japan
Filed June 15, 1961, Ser. No. 117,419
3 Claims. (Cl. 68-263)
Patented July 30, 1963
64
dye or paste printing section of the embodiment; wherein
FIGS. 2a and 20 show in vertical section opposite ends
of the dye or paste printing section and FIG. 2b shows
dye or paste printing section in transverse section;
FIG. 3 is a fragmentary front elevational view, partly
cutaway, of the terminal portion of the steaming sec
tion;
FIG. 4 is a transverse cross sectional view of the steam
ing section;
The present invention relates to textile dyeing apparatus 10 FIG. 5 is a diagrammatic transverse cross sectional
View of the cylinder of the chrome printing section of the
and particularly to roller type continuous dyeing ap
embodiment;
paratus for single or multiple color dyeing, for example,
FIG. 6‘ is a diagrammatic fragmentary cross sectional
of top slivers.
View of the cylinder shown in FIG. 5 taken longitudinally
In the past, no printing apparatus has been available
thereof; and
‘ for continuously performing the successive steps 'of such
FIGURE 7 shows a schematic view, partially in cross
printing process. In addition, there have been various
section, of the steaming section including a blower.
di?iculties such as extremely poor dye adsorption of the
Referring to the drawings, there (is shown a continuous
textile ?bers and hence unsatisfactory resistance of the
dyeing apparatus having a dye printing section A, which
dyed material to washing and light.
In view of the above, the present invention has for its 20 includes a rotary cylinder 1 adapted to be driven from a
suitable power source and covered about the periphery
primary object to provide a continuous textile dyeing ap
thereof with a rubber layer 2, which in turn is covered
paratus of the kind described adapted to provide a highly
on the outside by a network 2a. Arranged around the
improved rate of dye adsorption without aid of any dyeing
cylinder circumferentially thereof are tubular printing roll
assistants.
Another object of the present invention is to provide 25 ers 3 each formed on the periphery with alternate ridges
and recesses axially extending along the length of the
a continuous textile dyeing apparatus of the kind de
roller. The ridges or raised portions 4 of each of the
scribed having a simpli?ed printing mechanism.
printing rollers 3‘ each serve as a printing region with
It is still a further object of the invention to provide
passageways 5 formed therein so as to connect the outside
an improved roller for use in textile dyeing apparatus
with the inside thereof. The printing rollers ‘3 are each
of the above kind.
covered about the periphery with a layer of spongy
Accordingly the present invention provides a roller
or foraminous resilient rubber 6, which in turn is covered
type continuous textile dyeing apparatus comprising in
by a network 7. A stationary tubular rod “6 is arranged
series a dye printing section including a rotary cylinder
axially
of each printing roller 3‘ for conducting dye stock
and a. desired number of p'nnting rollers arranged cir
cumferentially thereof for imprinting dye on a textile 35 and is connected at either end to a stock pumping means
not shown. The printing roller 3 is ?tted over this
material passing between said cylinder and printing
tubular rod 8 with a de?nite clearance 9‘ kept with re
rollers, a steaming section through which said material is
spect to the periphery thereof for free rotation of the
conveyed from said dye printing section to be impreg
printing roller 3-. Provided in the wall of the main rod
nated with said dye imprinted onto said material, and a
chrome printing section including a second rotary cylinder 40 portion are radial stock passageways 10’ for communica
tion between the outside and inside of the tubular rod
and a desired number of printing rollers arranged cir
8. It will be understood that the printing rollers 3v are
cumferentially of said second cylinder for forcing out
arranged around the cylinder 1 so that their ridges or
chrome liquid from the interior of said printing rollers
printing regions 4 are brought into contact with the
while applying suction from within said second cylinder
periphery of the cylinder so as to be rotated thereby
thereby to impregnate the chrome liquid into the pre
viously imprinted areas of the textile material passing 45 ‘at the same surface speed as the cylinder 1. A cleaning
roller 11 is mounted as shown for free vertical ‘sliding
through said chrome printing section.
movement along guide brackets and normally pressed
With such apparatus, it will be recognized that the
against each of the printing rollers 3 under the bias of
textile printing process is performed continuously in a
spring means 12.
series of steps on one single apparatus and thus highly
ef?ciently.
50
in conventional printing processes such as the Vi
goureux process, the printing paste is prepared as a mix
ture of dye and chrome and during steaming of the dyed
material the dye may be combined with the chrome ex 55
teriorly of the ?bers ‘or the chrome may first be combined
therewith to preclude adsorption of the dye or to render
‘As shown in FIG. 1, the dyeing apparatus further in
cludes a steaming section B arranged adjacent to the dye
printing section A. A steaming section B comprises a
number of subsections as shown, each of which includes
a double-walled barrel including two concentric cylin
drical shells 13 and 14 (FIG. 4) de?ning therebetween
an enclosed annular space as a steam- jacket.
Two ‘fans
vention is adapted to perform iso-called “after-chrome”
v15 are arranged within the inner shell .13 for providing
convection currents of hot vapor therein. One of the
fans .15 is disposed in ‘the right-hand half of the sub
In order that the invention may be clearly understood
and readily carried into effect an embodiment thereof will
from FIGS. 3 and 4. The annular space between the
inner and outer shells .1-3 and 14 is fluid-tight and in
such adsorption unstable.
In contrast the apparatus according to the present in
dyeing wherein the chrome is added after dye printing 60 section and over the path of a chain conveyor ‘18 run
ning through the steam section B. The conveyor will
and subsequent steaming treatment thereby obviating the
he further described later. The other ‘fan is disposed
di?iculties involved in the conventional Vigoureux process.
in the left-hand half of the subsection and under the
This provides a highly improved rate of dye adsorption
path of the chain conveyor 18, as will readily be observed
without requiring any dyeing assistants.
now be described in detail with reference to the ac
companying drawings in which:
communication with a conduit I16 through which hot
steam is introduced into the space. Numeral K16’ desig
FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of the embodiment 70 nates a steam conduit opening to the interior off the
inner shell 1-3. Such subsections each comprising double
of the dyeing apparatus of the present invention;
walled :barrel :13-14 are interconnected to form the steam
FIG. 2 is ‘a fragmentary cross sectional view of the
3,099,146
ing section 'B, with a rubber coupling 17 ?uid-tightly in
terconnecting the inner cylindrical shells 13 of each pair
of adjacent subsections.
The chain conveyor '18 is provided for conveying the
material being processed through the steaming section
B and has a conveying run extending substantially axially
of the inner shells 113 and a return run extending ex
teriorly of the double~walled barrels to ‘form a closed con
veyor loop. Secured to the inner shell 13 located at
if,
rollers onto the printing areas thereof is impressed to the
surfaces of the material which have previously been im
printed with paste, and at the same time is impregnated
into the material by the suction within the rotary cyl
inder. The sliver after passing through the chrome print
ing section C then reaches- the delivery end of the ap
paratus to be delivered into a suitable case.‘
7
It will he recognized that the printing mechanism of the
either end of the steaming section B is a closure member 10 dye and chrome printing sections is simpli?ed vby an
arrangement in which the dye stock is forced out from
19 which is formed with an elongated substantially dia
metrically extending opening through which the chain
conveyor with the textile material thereon‘ may pass
freely. In the closure member 19 are de?ned upper and
the interior of the printing rollers to the printing regions
thereof for application onto the material being processed.
In addition, the provision of a suction means in the rotary
cylinder of the chrome printing section C enables ef
lower air chambers 20, 20’ respectively above and below 15 fective
impregnation of dyeing stock into the ?bers. Onv
the path of said conveyor 18. The upper'air chamber
the other‘ hand multicolor printing'may be easily ef~ '
20 is in communication with the delivery side of a blower
fected by arranging a plurality of printing rollers around
and the lower air chamber 20' with the suction side there
the rotary cylinder.’ Thus, it will be appreciated that 6
of. The bottom wall of the upper chamber 29 and the
top Wall of the lower chamber 20’ are spaced apart to 20 the ‘dyeing apparatus according to the present invention
has increased practical utility as a printing means for l
form said elongated opening as a conveyor passage and
textile ?bers.
,
are formed with aligned ai-r passageways 20a ‘and 20'a,
What'is claimed‘is: .
respectively, for forming an air curtain for prevention of
. 1. A rollerlfor usewith textile printing apparatus com
any escape of the inner hot vapor through such opening
prising
a tubular rod having a radial passageway for con
at either end of the steaming section B.
ducting printing stock from within the rod externally
The remaining part C of the "apparatus, forming a
thereof, a printing roller rotatahly ‘?tted over said tu
chrome printing section, isformed similarly to the dye
hular
rod with an annular clearance provided therebe
printing section A described hereinbefore and thus com
prises a second rotary cylinder 21 and one or more print
ing rollers each of the same construction as in .case of the '
dye printing section A. Only, the cylinder 21 in the
tween, said printing roller including-a plurality of raised
printing regions each having passage-ways extending there
'through to provide communication externally and in
section C is provided with a suction means and has the
ternally of said printingroller, a layer of foraminous
following construction. The rotary cylinder 21 has its
peripheral wall perforated (FIGS. 5 and 6) and is ?tted
‘printing roller, and a ‘network covering the outer pe
over a stationary structure‘ 23 forming a suction passage
22 ‘for relative rotation with respect to the structure 23.
It will ‘be understood that the cylinder 21 is adapted to be
driven by a suitable power source in the same manner as
the cylinder 1 of the dye printing section A. A network!
24. is provided to cover the peripheral surface of the
perforated cylinder wall. Numeral '25 designates a suc
tion duct ‘communicating with said suction passage 22
by way of the perforated cylinder wall and connected
at one end with a source of air suction not shown.
Nu
meral 26 designates a radial air passage disposed within
resilient material covering the-outer periphery of said
riphery of said layer of ,foraminous, resilient material.
2. In textile printingapparatus as claimed in claim 1
comprising a rotary cylinder, a plurality of printing rollers
including the ?rst said printing roller arranged about said
cylinder in resilientyengageme'nt peripherally therewith,
‘and means for forcing the, printing stock radially out
wardly through said passageways formed in said raised
printing regions of each ‘of said printing rollers so as
to impregnate with the printing stock corresponding areas
of said layer of foraminous resilient material which are
in contact with said raised printing regions of the roller
the perforated cylinder .21 and opening at the radially
whereby textile material is imprinted with said printing
outward end at a point where the material Ibeing proc
regions while being passe‘dybetween said cylinder and
essed is separated 'from the perforated cylinder 21. At
stock over an extent corresponding to that of the printing
said printing rollers.
'
the inner end the air passage '26 is connected to an air
3. Apparatus as claimed
conduit 27 leading from a source of air pressure not 50 ing suction means ‘in said in claim 2 ‘further compris
rotary cylinder for coopera-r
shown. The suction pass-age 22 disposed within the
perforated cylinder 21 has an inlet opening of a circum
ferential extent corresponding to the angular range in
cluding all of the printing rollers.‘ ‘It will {be understood ,
that around the rotary cylinders _1- and 21 may be ar
ranged one or more printing rollers-as. desired.
“
In operation of the illustrated embodiment, material to
the dyed such, ‘for example, as a top sliver formed at the
preceding- gill stage,‘ is first ied' tol'the dye printing sec
tion A to pass ‘between the rotary cylinder 1 and’ the print
ing rollers 3 to receive different dye‘pastes of respective
colors, which are forced out vfrom the interior of the
printing‘ rollers 3 to the surface of the printing regions
thereof.‘
'
The textile material is then transferred onto the chain 65
conveyor 18 to'zbe- conveyed through the successive inner
cylindrical shells‘ 113v of the steaming section B for pro—
moting the'impregnation'of paste dyes into the ?bers.
The materialthus carried through the steaming section is
then transferred to the c tome printing section C to pass 70
between the rotary cylinder 21 and the printing rollers
arranged varound the latter so that the chrome liquid being
forced out 'from the'interior of the respective printing
tion with said stock forcing means to attain‘efr’ective im
pregnation vof the printing stock into the textile material
with the latter between said cylinder and said printing
rollers, said suction means establishing ‘suction within the
‘cylinder for exerting, a suction force on the textile ma
terial and the printing stock thereon asthe textile material
passes between the cylinder and the printing rollers.
References .Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
268,556
521,816 '
575,836
1,902,429
_
Simpson ____ __; ________ __ Dec. 5, 1882
Re?itt,v _______________ __ June 26, 1894
Henrici __; ____________ __ Jan. 26, 1897
Wenzel __; ___________ __ Mar. 21, 1933
2,080,635
Schramek ____________ __ May 1-8, 1937
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Schwartz _____________ __ Feb. 26, 1952
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Fleissner ______________ __ Dec. 5, 1961
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Great Britain __________ __ Apr. 9, 1875
Netherlands __________ __ Sept. 16, 1935
Germany _____________ __ Nov. 3, 1932
FOREIGN PATENTS
I
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