Патент USA US3099191код для вставки
July 30, 1963 3,099,183 E. H. ALLES MUTE AND REFLECTOR FOR MUSICAL WIND INSTRUMENTS Filed June 9. 1960 INVENTOR. EDW/N H ALAES BY his ATTORNEY United States Patent 0 1 3,399,183 Patented July 30, 1963 1 2 3,099,183 the rim and clamped tightly thereon by the turning of a MUTE AND REFLECTOR FOR MUSICAL WIND INSTRUMENTS Edwin H. Alles, 841 Hober Ave., McKees Rocks, Pa. Filed June 9, 1960, Ser- No. 34,907 3 Claims. (Cl. 84-—400) wing nut 4 which turns a threaded shank portion ‘?orcing clamp element 5 to tightly grasp the bottom portion of the rim 2. The clamp elements are shown more clearly in FIG. 4. A ball 6 is rigidly secured to the top of clamp element 3 and cooperates with the spring clip element 9 secured by plate 8 to a re?ector 7, whereby the elements ‘6 and This invention relates to a combined mute and re?ector ?or use on musical wind instruments, particularly saxo 9 form a ball join-t to enable the re?ector 7 to move in a phones, and more particularly relates to an adjustable at 10 vertical plane to positions such as 7a, 7b illustrated in dot tachment carrying an angularly adjustable shield for de and dash outline in FIG. 2, or to enable the re?ector 7 ?eeting musical sound emanating from the instrument hell to move about its own longitudinal axis to any desired in selective directions. position, or to provide a combination of such movements, In playing certain musical wind instruments, such as that is, a universal movement. a saxophone, the player often wishes to hear the sounds Shield 7 is curved like rim 2 and is either substantial for check purposes and for improving his playing or in rectangular or somewhat curved on the top portion, as tonation. Players often play against a wall which will re shown, and is preferably made of transparent plastic ma ?ect the sound toward the player. However, this is very inconvenient in certain situations, such as when playing terial, such as “Lucite,” cellophane, etc. ‘ FIGS. 5 and 6 show a modi?cation of the detachable with an orchestra. Furthermore, there ‘are times that the 20 mounting ‘and adjusting means comprising a clamp hav saxophone player wishes to direct music played in a ing pivotal spring ?ngers 11 which, by means of spring 12, particular direction, such as towards or away from a microphone, or perhaps in a particular direction away from the stage-or perhaps he wishes to mute the instru yieldingly clamp onto rim 2. Lug 13 is integrally secured to the top of the clamp and has a hole on which bolt 15 is pivotally mounted, which bolt is tightened ‘by turning ment without the necessity of providing conventional types 25 a wing nut 16 so as to ?rmly hold shield 14 in any pre of mutes which ?t into the bell and therefore distort the selected angular position relative the bell 1. By squeezing music emanating therefrom. ?ngers 11 together, the clamp may be moved along the rim An object of my invention is to provide a novel mute 2, peripherally of the bell, to any selected position so that and re?ector for a saxophone, or other musical wind in sounds may ‘be re?ected either toward or 'away from the strument, which is devoid of the above named disadvan~ 30 musician. rages. In operation, therefore, shield 7 or 14, when moved to A more speci?c object of my invention is ‘to provide a vertical position as shown, will re?ect sound back to an adjustable shield ‘for attachment to the mouth of the the player to enable him to more clearly hear the sound. bell of a saxophone, or similar instrument, which shield is easily and quickly detach-ably mounted as well as easily 35 By moving the shield along the rim of the bell the sounds may be re?ected toward the left or right. By adjusted in angularity over a wide range to enable musical moving the shield 7 to position 7a or therebeyond, the sounds emanating from the bell to be de?ected either to sound may be projected forwardly toward an audience. Wards or away from the player, or re?ected back into And by moving shield 7 to position 7b a muting e?ect the bell so as to provide a mute. may be obtained which can be increased by bringing the Other objects and advantages will become more appar 40 shield closer and closer to the rim 2. ent from a study of the following description taken with Thus it will be seen that I have provided an e?icient the accompanying drawing wherein: detachable shield which can be easily and quickly mounted FIG. 1 is a top view of a saxophone bell, only a frag on the bell of a saxophone, or the liloe and adjusted to mentary portion of which is shown, having mounted there various angular positions to enable the musician to hear 45 on a mute and re?ector attachment embodying the prin himself better or to project the sound emanating from the ciples of the present invention; bell outwardly toward an audience at selective angles, and FIG. 2 is a side elevation-a1 view of the structure shown by moving the shield so as to overhang the bell of the in FIG. 1 showing the re?ector in dotted outline in sev eral positions; instrument a selective degree of muting of the instrument 50 is obtained free of distortion such as caused by placing ‘FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of the structure conventional mutes within the bell. shown in FIG. 1; While I have illustrated and described several embodi FIG. 4 is an enlarged, exploded View, in perspective, ments of my invention, it will be understood that these of the clamping and adjusting means shown in FIGS. 1, are by way of illustration only, and that various changes 2 and 3; and modi?cations may be made within the contemplation FIG. 5 is a fragmentary vertical crossasectional view of my invention and within the scope of the following of a modi?ed form of clamping and adjusting means for claims. the shield shown in FIGS. 1~3; and I claim: FIG. 6 is a ‘fragmentary elevational view of the clamp 1. In combination with a musical wind instrument hav ing and adjusting means of FIG. 5. 60 ing the general shape of a saxophone and including a bell Referring more particularly to ‘FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 of portion, a sound-re?ecting shield mounted on the rim of the drawing, numeral 1 denotes a fragmentary view of a said bell portion farthest from the player, said shield bell portion of a saxophone having a mouth or 2. having a straight longitudinal axis, means for adjustably A clamp element 3 is adapted to be slidably moved along pivoting said shield in a vertical plane toward and away 3,099,133 3 from the player at selective angles vwhereby sounds ema nating ‘from said bell portion may be reflected by selec tive amounts toward the player. 2. The combination recited in claim 1 wherein said shield is arcu-ate ‘in cross-section and tapers in Width to ward its extremity so as to simulate the blade of a shovel. 3. The combination recited in claim 1 together with mounting means on said rim for providing universal move 10 ment of said shield. 4 References Cited in the ?le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 527,864 1,430,175 1,753,990 1,777,823 2,610,694 2,642,948 2,753,051 2,964,212 3,016,782 Lavens ______________ __ Oct. 23, Mazzeri _____________ __ Sept. 26, Kohlman ____________ __ Apr. 8, Bernard ______________ __ Oct. 7, Boer ________________ __ Sept. 16, Olson let a1. __________ __ June 23, Tupper _______________ __ July 3, Mead _______________ __ Dec. 13, Laas ________________ __ Jan. 16, 1894 1922 1930 1930 1952 1953 1956 1960 1962 FOREIGN PATENTS 718,440 Germany ____________ __ Mar. 19, 1942 ‘an.