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Патент USA US3099191

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July 30, 1963
3,099,183
E. H. ALLES
MUTE AND REFLECTOR FOR MUSICAL WIND INSTRUMENTS
Filed June 9. 1960
INVENTOR.
EDW/N H ALAES
BY
his ATTORNEY
United States Patent 0
1
3,399,183
Patented July 30, 1963
1
2
3,099,183
the rim and clamped tightly thereon by the turning of a
MUTE AND REFLECTOR FOR MUSICAL
WIND INSTRUMENTS
Edwin H. Alles, 841 Hober Ave., McKees Rocks, Pa.
Filed June 9, 1960, Ser- No. 34,907
3 Claims. (Cl. 84-—400)
wing nut 4 which turns a threaded shank portion ‘?orcing
clamp element 5 to tightly grasp the bottom portion of the
rim 2. The clamp elements are shown more clearly in
FIG. 4.
A ball 6 is rigidly secured to the top of clamp element
3 and cooperates with the spring clip element 9 secured
by plate 8 to a re?ector 7, whereby the elements ‘6 and
This invention relates to a combined mute and re?ector
?or use on musical wind instruments, particularly saxo
9 form a ball join-t to enable the re?ector 7 to move in a
phones, and more particularly relates to an adjustable at 10 vertical plane to positions such as 7a, 7b illustrated in dot
tachment carrying an angularly adjustable shield for de
and dash outline in FIG. 2, or to enable the re?ector 7
?eeting musical sound emanating from the instrument hell
to move about its own longitudinal axis to any desired
in selective directions.
position, or to provide a combination of such movements,
In playing certain musical wind instruments, such as
that is, a universal movement.
a saxophone, the player often wishes to hear the sounds
Shield 7 is curved like rim 2 and is either substantial
for check purposes and for improving his playing or in
rectangular or somewhat curved on the top portion, as
tonation. Players often play against a wall which will re
shown, and is preferably made of transparent plastic ma
?ect the sound toward the player. However, this is very
inconvenient in certain situations, such as when playing
terial, such as “Lucite,” cellophane, etc.
‘
FIGS. 5 and 6 show a modi?cation of the detachable
with an orchestra. Furthermore, there ‘are times that the 20 mounting ‘and adjusting means comprising a clamp hav
saxophone player wishes to direct music played in a
ing pivotal spring ?ngers 11 which, by means of spring 12,
particular direction, such as towards or away from a
microphone, or perhaps in a particular direction away
from the stage-or perhaps he wishes to mute the instru
yieldingly clamp onto rim 2. Lug 13 is integrally secured
to the top of the clamp and has a hole on which bolt 15
is pivotally mounted, which bolt is tightened ‘by turning
ment without the necessity of providing conventional types 25 a wing nut 16 so as to ?rmly hold shield 14 in any pre
of mutes which ?t into the bell and therefore distort the
selected angular position relative the bell 1. By squeezing
music emanating therefrom.
?ngers 11 together, the clamp may be moved along the rim
An object of my invention is to provide a novel mute
2, peripherally of the bell, to any selected position so that
and re?ector for a saxophone, or other musical wind in
sounds may ‘be re?ected either toward or 'away from the
strument, which is devoid of the above named disadvan~ 30 musician.
rages.
In operation, therefore, shield 7 or 14, when moved to
A more speci?c object of my invention is ‘to provide
a vertical position as shown, will re?ect sound back to
an adjustable shield ‘for attachment to the mouth of the
the player to enable him to more clearly hear the sound.
bell of a saxophone, or similar instrument, which shield
is easily and quickly detach-ably mounted as well as easily 35 By moving the shield along the rim of the bell the
sounds may be re?ected toward the left or right. By
adjusted in angularity over a wide range to enable musical
moving the shield 7 to position 7a or therebeyond, the
sounds emanating from the bell to be de?ected either to
sound may be projected forwardly toward an audience.
Wards or away from the player, or re?ected back into
And by moving shield 7 to position 7b a muting e?ect
the bell so as to provide a mute.
may be obtained which can be increased by bringing the
Other objects and advantages will become more appar 40 shield closer and closer to the rim 2.
ent from a study of the following description taken with
Thus it will be seen that I have provided an e?icient
the accompanying drawing wherein:
detachable shield which can be easily and quickly mounted
FIG. 1 is a top view of a saxophone bell, only a frag
on the bell of a saxophone, or the liloe and adjusted to
mentary portion of which is shown, having mounted there
various angular positions to enable the musician to hear
45
on a mute and re?ector attachment embodying the prin
himself better or to project the sound emanating from the
ciples of the present invention;
bell outwardly toward an audience at selective angles, and
FIG. 2 is a side elevation-a1 view of the structure shown
by moving the shield so as to overhang the bell of the
in FIG. 1 showing the re?ector in dotted outline in sev
eral positions;
instrument a selective degree of muting of the instrument
50 is obtained free of distortion such as caused by placing
‘FIG. 3 is a front elevational view of the structure
conventional mutes within the bell.
shown in FIG. 1;
While I have illustrated and described several embodi
FIG. 4 is an enlarged, exploded View, in perspective,
ments of my invention, it will be understood that these
of the clamping and adjusting means shown in FIGS. 1,
are by way of illustration only, and that various changes
2 and 3;
and modi?cations may be made within the contemplation
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary vertical crossasectional view
of my invention and within the scope of the following
of a modi?ed form of clamping and adjusting means for
claims.
the shield shown in FIGS. 1~3; and
I claim:
FIG. 6 is a ‘fragmentary elevational view of the clamp
1. In combination with a musical wind instrument hav
ing and adjusting means of FIG. 5.
60 ing the general shape of a saxophone and including a bell
Referring more particularly to ‘FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 of
portion, a sound-re?ecting shield mounted on the rim of
the drawing, numeral 1 denotes a fragmentary view of a
said bell portion farthest from the player, said shield
bell portion of a saxophone having a mouth or
2.
having a straight longitudinal axis, means for adjustably
A clamp element 3 is adapted to be slidably moved along
pivoting said shield in a vertical plane toward and away
3,099,133
3
from the player at selective angles vwhereby sounds ema
nating ‘from said bell portion may be reflected by selec
tive amounts toward the player.
2. The combination recited in claim 1 wherein said
shield is arcu-ate ‘in cross-section and tapers in Width to
ward its extremity so as to simulate the blade of a
shovel.
3. The combination recited in claim 1 together with
mounting means on said rim for providing universal move
10
ment of said shield.
4
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
527,864
1,430,175
1,753,990
1,777,823
2,610,694
2,642,948
2,753,051
2,964,212
3,016,782
Lavens ______________ __ Oct. 23,
Mazzeri _____________ __ Sept. 26,
Kohlman ____________ __ Apr. 8,
Bernard ______________ __ Oct. 7,
Boer ________________ __ Sept. 16,
Olson let a1. __________ __ June 23,
Tupper _______________ __ July 3,
Mead _______________ __ Dec. 13,
Laas ________________ __ Jan. 16,
1894
1922
1930
1930
1952
1953
1956
1960
1962
FOREIGN PATENTS
718,440
Germany ____________ __ Mar. 19,
1942
‘an.
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