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Патент USA US3100317

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Aug. 13, 1963
3,100,312
W. H. WILLIAMS
CLEAT CLEANER
Filed March 23, 1962
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
m MI :7
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202\ 6
/4
INVENTOR
MAL/AM H. W/LL/AMS
ATTORNEY5
Aug. 13, 1963
w. H. WILLIAMS
3,100,312
CLEAT CLEANER
Filed March 23, 1962
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
4WI/V/
INVENTOR
W/LL/AM/iW/LL/AMJ
BY M
ATTORNEYS
3,100,312
Patented Aug. 13, 1963
2
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a cleat cleaner in accord
ance with this invention;
FIGURE 2 is a partial cross-sectional view on line
3,100,312
CLEAT CLEANER
William H. Williams, 704 Hobbs Drive,
Silver Spring, Md.
Filed Mar. 23, 1962, Ser. No. 182,066
2 Claims. (Cl. 15-215)
,2-2 in FIGURE lyin the direction of the arrows;
FIGURE 3 is a plan view of a portion of a further
embodiment of a cleat cleaner;
FIGURE 4 is a cross-sectional view on line 4—4 in
This invention relates to a device for cleaning cleats
FIGURE 3 in the direction of the arrows;
on athletic shoes and relates more particularly to a mat
FIGURE 5 is a plan view of a portion of another em
having a plurality of projections ?xed to its upper surface 10 bodiment of a cleat cleaner in accordance with this inven
for removing mud or the like from around and between
tion;
the cleats of an athletic shoe.
‘FIGURE 6 is a partial cross-sectional view on line 6-6
Shoes with spiked cleats are commonly used in many
of FIGURE 5 in the direction of the arrows;
sports because the players require stability and sure
FIGURE 7 is a plan view of a portion of a further
footedness. In golf and baseball the cleated shoes enable 15 embodiment of the cleat cleaner of the instant invention;
the player to maintain a correct stance and provide the
FIGURE 8 is a side view of the embodiment of FIG
support necessary for the accuracy and power used in
URE 7 on line 8—8 in the direction of the arrows;
hitting the ball. Other athletes, such as football and
FIGURE 9 is a side view of a modi?cation of the cleat
soccer players, must be able to stop suddenly and change
cleaner in accordance with the instant invention;
‘direction quickly, and cleated shoes are necessary for such 20
FIGURE 10 is a plan view of a portion of a cleat
dexterity.
cleaner showing one of the projections according to an
Cleated shoes are only effective in providing sure
other embodiment of this invention, partly in section;
footedness if the cleats are free to dig into the dirt or
FIGURE 11 is a side view, partly in section, of the
other soft surface on which the sport is played. Di?culty
embodiment of FIGURE 10.
is encountered when the dirt cakes about and between 25
Like reference numerals refer to like parts throughout
the cleats. When this occurs the cleats cannot function
the several views of the drawings.
to adequately dig into the playing surface and the player
Referring now to the drawings for a detailed description
Will be almost as poorly equipped as if he were wearing
'of the instant invention, and particularly to FIGURES 1
smooth-soled shoes or sneakers. Cleats have a speciall
and 2, reference numeral 2 designates a mat having a
tendency towards becoming less eliicient when the ground
is wet, since‘mud has a great tendency to cling. Many‘
athletic courses are continuously watered for maintenance
purposes and many sports are played regardless of the.
lower surface 4 and an upper surface 6. Fixed to the
upper surface 6 are a plurality of upwardly extending
weather, so mud is often found to ‘be present on and
pyramid having four inwardly and upwardly sloping
around playing ?elds.
projections 8. In the embodiment of FIGURES l and 2,
each of the projections 8 is in the form of a solid right
' 35 sides 10 and a V-shaped gouge or groove 11 cut into the
The loss of stability caused by mud, dirt, and other
foreign material clinging around and between cleats on
top thereof. The projections 8 are placed on the mat 2
in staggered relationship, as will be clearly seen from
athletic shoes leads to loss of power and accuracy and is
FIGURE 1. The space 12 between individual projections
the reason for many slips and falls which oftentimes cause
depends on the particular sport for which the cleat cleaner
injury to the player. Athletes try to overcome this prob- 40 is to be adapted and will be approximately equal to the
lem by tapping their shoes with a baseball hat, a golf
club, or some other handy implement. This expedient
rarely effects good cleaning, especially when mud or a
sticky clay is caked on the shoes, and such ‘a procedure,
can be damaging to the player’s equipment. Small hand 45
devices such as brushes or scrapers have been used but
it is dit‘n‘cult to adequately clean with such means unless
the player removes his shoes, a procedure which is obvi
ously impractical in most sports.
‘
diameter of the cleats used. The height 13 of the pro
jections 8 will likewise depend on the size of the cleats
used in the particular sport and will vary from slightly
less to slightly in excess of the overall height of the cleat.
The projections 8 can be made of any of a variety of
materials such as metal, hard rubber, a relatively rigid
plastic material, or metal chips ‘dispersed in rubber or
plastic.
It is preferable to make the projections 8 of a
relatively rigid, but slightly ?exible material which will
It is an object of this inventionto provide a cleat cleaner 50 act to scrape the sides of the cleats and the sole of the
free from the foregoing and other disadvantages.
shoe between the cleats. If the projections 8 are flexible
It is a further object of the instant invention to provide
a device which will effectively clean dirt, mud or other
foreign material from between and around cleats, spikes
it is advantageous to have their height 13 slightly longer
than ‘the cleats on the shoes to be cleaned so that the
V-shaped gouge 11 can act to scrape the shoe sole. If
or other projections on the bottom of athletic shoes and 55 a rigid material such as metal is used, the height 13 of
the like.
the projections 8 must be slightly shorter or equal to
A further object of this invention is to provide a mat
the height of the cleats in order not to hurt the foot of
which may be placed at ‘convenient locations around an
the wearer. Apertures 14 may be provided in the mat 2
athletic ?eld or course so that players may quickly and
to allow suitable nails or the like to be inserted there
effectively free the cleats on their shoes from foreign 60 through to hold the mat 2 stationary with respect to the
material clinging thereto.
‘
ground. ‘A chamfer 20 may be provided around the
Another object of the instant invention is the provision
periphery of the mat 2 for safety reasons.
of a mat having a plurality of projections with various
The cleat cleaner described above is placed at various
novel shapes designed to cut into and scrape dirt or mud
convenient locations around the athletic ?eld or course
from around and bet-ween cleats on the sole of an athletic 65 such as by each tee on a golf course, by home plate on
shoe.
a baseball field, or on the sidelines of a football ?eld
Other objects and advantages of this invention will be
{or soccer field. The player utilizes the cleat cleaner by
apparent from the following detailed description and will
scraping his shoes over the surface of the mat so that
be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
the projections 8 nub against the sides of the cleats and
In the drawings, wherein preferred embodiments of the 70 the sole of the shoe between the cleats.
Various modi?cations of the above concept can be
instant invention are shown,
3,100,312
3
'
made forspecial applications or particular e?ects. FIG
URES 3 and 4 show an embodiment having a plurality of
elongated conical projections 22 ?xed to the mat 2. The
projections 22 are slightly ?exible and act like a brush
to clean the cleats when the shoes are scraped over'the
mat. Another (feature of this mat is the lower surface
24 which is roughened in order to prevent the mat from
slipping in use. This expedient can be relied on by
itself :or used in conjunction with nail-receiving apertures
such as 14 shown in the embodiment of FIGURES 1
and 2.
'
I
4
hollow and taper from the bottom to the top to allow the
dirt to fall into the cavity 56 \between the walls 48. The
mat 2 may he cut throughbeneath each projection, as
shown at 58, so that, on picking up the cleat cleaner, the
accumulated dirt and mud will‘be easily removed from
the device. Any conventional manner of ?xing the pro
jections 46 to the mat 2 and the coating 52 to the walls
48 may :be employed. For example, the mat 2 and the
coating 52 may ‘be integrally molded around {the walls
48, or the coating 52 could he ?xed ‘to the walls 48 in
the form of a laminate by an adhesive material.
~ ‘
=In FIGURES 5 to 8, a cleat cleaner is shown having
It is to he understood that many of the novel features
projections 26 with a pluarilty of flexible vanes 28 ex
shown above with regard to particular embodiments are
tending outwardly therefrom which act to scrape the
applicable to any of the embodiments disclosed. For
surface of a dent being passed between the projections. 15 example, any of the mats 2 may have nail receiving holes
The number :of vanes 28 and their dimensions and place
such as shown at 14 in FIGURES 1 and 2, a rough lower
ment on the projections 26 may be varied. In FIGURES
surface such as 24 in FIGURE 4, or partially em
5 and 6;the projections 26 are in the shape of a frustum
|bedded nails such as 34 in FIGURES 5 and 6. More
of a right~pyramid and have :four ?exible vanes 28, each
over,‘ the concept of having a central supporting mem
shorter than the height 29 of the projections 26. Alter 20 ber such as 30 in FIGURE 6, or slanted projections of
mate vanes 28 in this embodiment are in spaced vertical
different lengths such as shown in FIGURE 9, could
planes to insure scraping action along the dull length of
easily be applied to [the other disclosed embodiments.
the cleat. FIGURES 7 and 8 show ?exible vanes 28'
Similarly, the hollow cutting projections 46 of FIGURES
which run the full length of the projections 26’ and taper
10 and 11 could have shorter staggered ?exible vanes
from the bottom to the top. The projections 26 may be 25 such as those shown at 28 in FIGURES 5 and 6, or no
?xed to the mat 2 by integrally molding a central sup
vanes at all.
'
porting member 30 made of metal or. some other rigid
It is to be understood ‘that the foregoing detailed
description is given merely by -way of illustration and
material inside a ?exible outer material ‘32.. ‘:Nails 34
orlthe like canalso be integrally molded into the mat 2
that many variations may be made therein without
so that their pointed ends 36 will project from thebottom 30 departing from the spirit of this invention as set forth
surface thereof. This will maintain‘ the cleat cleaner
in the claims.
stationary by merely pressing it to rthe ground.v An
What is hereby claimed and is desired to be secured
upstanding side wall 38 may also be provided around the
periphery of the mat 2 to prevent accidental stepping on
the projections 26, especially if an internal rigid ‘sup
porting member such as 30 is centrally located in each
by Letters Patent is: '
projection. The height of the side wall 38 will be pref- '
era>bly approximately equal to theiheight 29 of the pro
axis, a top in a plane remote from said mat and
a bottom adjacent the upper seurface of said mat, said
jections 26. Only thy purposely stepping down into’ the
projections being spaced on said mat in staggered rela
1. A cleat cleaner comprising a mat having an upper
and a lower surface, a plurality of projections ?xed to
said upper surface, each projection having a central
cleat cleaner over the side wall 38 will anyone come into 40 tionship to each other, the central axis of each projection
contact with the projections 26.
'
Each of the projections may be equal in height and
‘ perpendicular to the mat 2 as in the above-described em
Ibodiments, or the axis 40 of each projection 42 may he
: slanted as shown in FIGURE 9.. With such an arrange
ment, the shoe would be scraped ‘from the right to the left
so that the slanted projections would cut into' and push
off any mud clinging between the cleats. The projec
tions 42 ‘may be varied in length, such as shown at 44,
to scrape different portions of the cleats and the shoe 50
sole at the same time.
‘
FIGURES 10 and, 11 show a further embodiment of
the novel cleat cleaner of the instant invention. A hol
low projection 46 is formed from a plurality of rigid
side walls 48 having cutting edges 50 on their upper
‘ surfaces and a coating of ?exible material 52 extending
‘outwardly therefrom to form ?exible vanes 54. The
player'steps straight down on a cleat cleaner of this
design and the cutting edges 50 act in the manner of a
cookie cutter to, out the mud from between and around
the cleats and hold the same in the cavity 56 after the
shoe is removed trom the device. ' 'Ilhe ?exible vanes 54 ,
will assist in brushing dirt and mudt?rom the surfaces
of the cleats while the shoe is moved back and forth
after ?rst stepping onto the mat. The projections 46 are
being perpendicular to said malt and each of said pro
jections having a plurality of outwardly directed ?exible
vane members evenly spaced around said central axis.
_ 2. A cleat cleaner in accordance with claim 1, where
in said vane members extend the full length of each
of said projections, and said vane members progressively
decrease in width ‘from the bottom to the top of said
projections.
'
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
378,369
871,121
1,032,740
1,401,788 "
2,604,377
2,667,654
Hyer _______________ __ Feb. 21, 1888
D’Humy ____________ __ Nov. 19, 1907
Clark _.___'_ __________ __ July 16, 1912
Kelleher ____________ __ Dec. 27, 1921
Ea-mes _______________ __ July 22, 1952
Peterson _____________ __ Feb. 2, 1954
FOREIGN PATENTS
266,082
421,835
800,030
Great Britain _________ __ Feb. 24, 1927
Great Britain _________ _... Ian. I, 1935
Germany ____________ __ Aug. 11, 1950
988,149
1 {France ______________ .__ Apr. 25, 1951
1,211,755’
France ...._,___________ .. Oct. 12, 1959
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