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Патент USA US3100330

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Allg» 13, 1963
L. H. MORIN
3,100,325
ONE-SIDED SEPARABLE FASTENER
Filed April 2l, 1961
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INVENTOR
LOU/5 H. MOR/N
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HTTORNEY
Uite States Patent O
3,1%,325
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ICC
Patented Aug. 13, 1963
l
2
3,100,325
pairs or in multiples of pairs, depending upon the ca
pacity of the machine employed in producing the fastener.
@NE-SEED SEPARABLE FASTENER
Louis H. Morin, Bronx, NX.
The pairs of scoops Ztl may be said to comprise- a male
scoop 22 land a female scoop 23; whereas, the pair of
scoops l21 have corresponding male and female scoops -24
'f
(125 Beechwood Ave., New Rochelle, NPY.)
Filed Apr. 21, 1961, Ser. No. 104,739
12 Claims. (Cl. 24h-2.05.1)
and ‘25, respectively. The coupling end portion of the
male scoops have what might be termed hook-shaped
coupling members 26 land `2’7, respectively; whereas, the
female scoops include sockets 28 and 29, respectively,
for reception of the members 27, 26 in coupling the pairs
of scoops of the twoV stringers. Inner surfaces of the
This invention relates to separable fastener stringers,
Wherin the scoops are fixed to one surface only of the
Stringer tapes, producing what I term 1a one-sided fastener,
wherein scoops of coupled stringers become invisible
when viewing the fastener from the other surface of the
members 26 and 27 are rounded, yas seen at 30 and 31,
to receive rounded or bulbous heads 32,133 on the female
coupled stringers.
More particularly, the invention deals with separable
fasteners of the character described, where-in the scoops
of the stringers are provided one with a hook member
and the other with a socket conforming .to atleast part
parts 23, 25, respectively. The male pants 22 land 24
include wear shelves 34 and `35, over which the heads
32, 33 respectively pass, these shelves extending tothe
edges lo, 17 of the tapes fand `overlying the shelf portions
18 and 19, respectively. Corresponding wear shelvesare
of the contour of the hook member.
Still more particularly, the invention deals with la
fastener of the character described, wherein ‘the scoops
are formed in pairs on each Stringer and, still further,
wherein markings are provided on the scoops of one
provided`- in Ithe recess yor Vsocket portions ‘2S and 29, as
indicated at 36 and 37. Both of the wear shelves overlie
the shelf edge portions of the tapes tand part of »the outer
beads 14 :and 15, as will clearly appear from a con
Stringer :different from other markings provided on the
sidenation of FIG. 2 of the drawing. At »this time, it is
scoops of the other stningers, so as to ldistinguish one
also pointed tout that portions of «the members 26, 27
Stringer from the other Stringer in production assemblage
of the stringers.
25 and heads 32, 33» cverlie these outer beads.
It will be noted that the pair of scoops 22., 23 have, on
the exposed surface of the mounting end portions there~
of, rectangular recesses 3S; whereas, the pairs of scoops
The novel features of the invention Will be best under
stood from the following description, when taken to
gether with the accompanying drawing, in which certain
24, 25 have similar round recesses 29. Tlhe purpose of
embodiments of the invention are disclosed and, in which, 30 this -is to definitely distinguish what may be termed" a
the separate parts are designated by suitable reference
righthandstringer from a lefthand Stringer to facilitate
characters in each of the views and, in which:
Y
production assemblage of the stringers. It will-alsov be
FIG. l is =a diagrammatic enlarged plan view `of a
noted that outer .surfaces of the members 26, 27 and heads
small sectional portion of a pair-of sepmable fastener
32, 3.3 have relieved portions, as indicated lat 4i), for fa-.
35
stringers »illustrating `one adaptation of my invention.
cilitating coupling :and uncoupling of the scoops of the
FIG. 2 is a section on the line 2_2 of FIG. 1.
._ two Stringers.
FIG. 3 is a view, similar to FIG. l, showing another
adaptation of my invention.
'
It will clearly appear vfrom a considenation of FIG. 2
of the drawing that the rounded corner portions of the
~
FIG. 4 is a section on the broken line 4-4 of FIG. 3.
members 26, 27, 32, 33 facilitate movement of these por
FIG. 5 is a view, similar to FIGS. l and 3, showing 40 tions over the wear shelves, FIG. 2 illustrating the‘mem
another form of Stringer construction.
" '
ber |27 in section and the head 32 in‘section.
'
In FIGS. 3 »and 4» of the drawing, I have shown a
FIG. 6 is a section on lline 6_6 of FIG. 5; and
FIG. 7 is a section on the line 7_7 of FIG. 5.
Considering FIGS. l land 2 >of »the drawing, 10 and 11
represent two small portions of two Stringerl tapes mak
45
modi-lied arrangement of pairs of scoops 41, 42 arranged
on Stringer tapes 10', 11', Similar to the tapes lll and 11,
and having beads 12,', 13', 14', 15', again, similar to the
ing up a separable fastener. Each tape has an «inner bead
12, 13 ‘and an outer bead 14, l5, the term “outer” being
beads of the tapes lilJ «and 1.11.
used with respect to the abutting edge portions 16 and
having hook-shaped >coupling members 45, 46 at the outer
'
The pairs of scoops 41 comprise scoops 43 and 44
17. For purposes of description, the part of the Stringer
coupling end portions of the scoops. The ?pairs of scoops
50
tapes between 14, 16, 15 and 117 may be defined `as shelf
42. comprise scoops 47 and 48 also having, at‘their cou
portions 18 and '19, respectively.
Suitably ñxed to' the beaded surfaces fof the tapes 10
and 11 »are pairs of scoops 2d, 21 and, in considering
the structure of FIG. l, as well as the structure shown
in FIGS. 3 and 5, if these scoops in the> several views are
_formed as molded for die cast members, attachment to the i
surfaces o-f the Stringer tapes and the beads is by virtue of
pling end portions, hook-shaped coupling members 49
and Sil. The scoops 43, 44 have, inwardly of the mem
bers 45, 46, female sockets 51 and 52 and the scoops
47 and 48 have similar _sockets 53 and 54, the latter
receiving the members 45 and 46, respectively; whereas,
the members 49 and Sil engage the sockets'51' and 52,
as clearly illustrated in FIG. 3 of the drawing. `Itwill
beapparent that all of the coupling members conform
the extension lof the molded or cast material into the
generally to the contour of the sockets.
interstices of the braid which establishes positive an 60
chonage of the scoops to the str-ingers. At this time, it
is also pointed out where reference is made to pairs of
scoops, :as in FIGS. l and 3, it will be understood that,
ín molding :or casting the scoops, they may be cast in
v
The coupling members and `sockets defined are arranged
at the outer exposed surface of the scoops and over wear
shelves 55, 56 on the scoops 43, 44 and 57 and 5S on
the scoops 47 ‘and 48, these wear shelves being generally
`similar to the wear shelves employed in the fastener
,
Y
3,100,325
I '4
3
,
Y
Stringer shown in FIGS. l and 2. The mounting end por
invisible from the outer surface.
tion of all of the scoops have, as an extension tothe female
sockets, recesses 59, 60, 61 and 62 for free movement
of separable .fasteners of .this type and kind, this non
scooped surface of the stringers may be arranged adja
of the coupling members in the sockets in the operation
of coupling and, uncoupling the scoops of the stringers.
However, in some uses
It will also be apparent that the coupling ¿members or
cent the body or member, «in conjunction with which
the fastener is used. .This would be particularly the case
in bodyy garments where it would be desirable to have
heads extend into opposed Stringers to a point overlying
part of the outer beads 14', 1S’.
»At this time, it is pointed out that, in the diagrammatic
the relatively smooth surface of the stringers bear upon
the body of the wearer.
Having fully described my invention, what I claim
illustrations of FIGS. l, 3 andr5, no attempt has been
made to accurately indicate the contour of the scoops
as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
in order to simplify the present illustration. It will
l. A one-sided separable Ifastener comprising a pair
of Stringer tapes, each Stringer having -bead means pro
appear, however, ?from a consideration of the sectional
views that the walls of the scoops are tapered for free
face of the stringers, the scoop of one YStringer having
jecting on one surface thereof, scoops iixed to said sur
a projecting coupling end portion including a hook-Shaped
coupling member, scoops of a companion stringer- _having
at its coupling end portion a socket generally conforming
engagement of the parts yand for simplifying formation
thereof, particularly when the scoops are molded or die`
cast. Furthermore, the Sectioning used in FIGS. 2, 4,
¿6 and 7 `are notto be considered limitations of the type
of material employed, but rather in- illustrating one adapta
tïion'and use of the invention.
f “
'
to theV contour of and adapted lto receive the hook
shaped coupling mem-berof scoops on said iirSt named
Stringer, the bead means off said stringers being «disposed
'
inwardlyrof adjacent edges of coupled stringers to form
With the structure-shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, it will
appear ¿that’the pair of scoops 41 have their coupling
: on the tapes of the stringers projecting shelves, over which
the coupling end portions ofthe scoops oef both stringers
overlie when said stringers are coupled together, and the
Vcoupling end portions of the scoops of both stringers
_ members and female sockets facing each other; whereas,V
with the `.pairs of scoops 42, 'the coupling members and '
sockets are in opposed directions to each other to oper
Y atively engage the -pairs of scoops 41.
' also overlie part of the bead means on opposed stringers.
With this con
2. A ,one-sided separable fastener as defined in olaim l,
Y wherein the coupling `end portions of the scoops >of both
struction, it will be apparent that two distinct lefthand
and' righthand stringers are employed in producing a sepa
stringers include wear shelves overlying adjacent edge por
Vrable fastener and the contour of the respective pairs of
scoops will be Suñicient to distinguish one scoop from 30 tions of the tapes of the stringere.
3. >A one-sided separable lfastener'as defined in claim 2,
they other, thus -obviating the necessity 'of utilizing identi
wherein the scoops of one Stringer include at their cou
iications, as at 38 `and 39 -in FIGS. -1 and 2 of the drawing.
pling endv portions parts arranged and operating over the
Turni-ng `howto FIGS. 5, 6 and 7, hereis Shown another
wear shelvesV of scoops of the companion'stringer.
form of fastener, generally Similar to the structures shown
Y 4. A Ione-sided separable fastener as deñned in claim l,
_in FIGS.-l to 4 and, wherein, stringer'tapes 63 and 64
wherein the` scoops of lboth stringers are arranged in
t are employed, each having a single bead 65, 66 and each
of the scoops 67 on the Stringer 63 are of identical con " . pairs, one scoop in each pair including the hook-Shaped
coupling member, and the other scoops of said pairs in
cluding the sockets for receiving the coupling members
of -identical construction, but kdiffering from the scoops
'
I' 67. - With thisV construction, the scoops 68 have at their 40 of companion stringere. Y
5. A one-sided separable fastener as ‘defined in olaim 4,
coupling end portion hook-shaped coupling members 69 Y
. struction and the scoops 68 on the Stringer 64 are also
" . ‘wherein> the pairs of scoops on one Stringer include char
which operatively engage sockets ‘i'tiin the scoops 67,
p
acterizations distinguishing the Same from characteriza
tionsv on the pairs'of scoops on the companion Stringer to
conforming generally to the contour of the members 69, ^
i as will'cle'arly appear from a consideration of FIG. ‘5 o
« Í"
>
45 denote left and -rightrstringers
„ 6. A one-sided separable fastener as defined in claim 4,
>` At each side of the sockets`70, the scoops 67 include Y
wallportions 71 and 72, within and-between which the - wherein' thefpairs of scoops onv each Stringer include wear
shelves, over which coupling endportions of the scoops
‘ members 69 seat. These wall portions 71 and 72, ast
Y the drawing.
.of opposed stringers are adapted (to overlie when the
Well as the members 69, are the full'depth of the scoops
and .the members 69 have, at their lower Vouter corners 50 stringers are coupled together.
A one-sided separable fastener as defined in claim
rounded portions, 4as noted at 73 in FïG.' 6 of the draw
l, wherein the scoops of both stringers are arranged
' ing; whereas, each of therwall portions 71 and 72 have
in pairs, the coupling end portions of the pairs of scoops
'corresponding rounded portions, the 'rounded portion of
on one-Stringer including the hook-shaped coupling mem
71 ¿beingrindicated -at 74 in FIG. 7 of the drawing.V These
which’are directed toward each other, the coupling
rounded portion'sfacilitate free movement ofj69, 71 and 55 bers
end~portions of the Vpair of scoopsA on the companion
72 over theïshelf portions 63', 64’ ofthe tapes 63, 64,
' Stringer ‘having the hook-shaped coupling members ex
asswill clearly >appear from a consideration of FIGS. 6
and 7 of the drawing.
tending in opposed directions to each other, and the
scoops in both pairs including Socket portions receiving
Furthermore, the rounded por- Y
`tions 73, 74 are'adapted to forcibly engage the beads 65
and¢66 respectively in coupling the stringersrtogether,
as diagrammatically illustrated 'inFIGS 6 and 7. `
'
60V
'
-«Considering FIG. 5 of the drawing, it will appear
each Stringer incl-udc wear shelves, «upon which the cou-Y
. as at 75,7'merely to compensate for Vthe contour of the
V65
wall Nportions 72 where they j_oin the Vattaching Vportion ¿
of the scoops.
'
,
.
-
.
j 8. A one-sided separable fastener as defined in claim
7, wherein the coupling and portions of the scoops on `
thatíthe scoops -67 have extended or slightly bulged sides,
members 69 and provide'the required strength tothe
the_ coupling members .of the Scoops of the opposed
-strlngen
plin-g members of the scoops of opposed stringers move
in coupling and uncoupling the stringers.
»
9. A one-Sided separableffastener as defined in claim
.
8, wherein said wear Shelves overlie at least part of
the-bead means of each Stringer.
f. edges of the tapes will abut when the stringers are cou 70 v l0. A one-sided separable fastener as defined in claim I
l, wherein the hook-shaped coupling members are on ‘the
pled together, -so that the scoops become invisible in
scoops of one Stringer',- the scoops of the companion
viewing the string'e?s from the lower sides of the coupled
Stringer including sockets receiving the hook-Shaped mem
stringers, as illustrated in> Said Iv-iews on the drawing.
bers of the scoops of the iirst Stringer when said stringersV
VThese lower Sides are usually the outer surfaces of the
With »all forms of construction shown, it is apparent
yfronti the‘sections, FIGS. v2, 4, 6 land`7, that adjacent
coupled stringers, so that scoops-of the stringers are»
arel , coupled.
5
3,100,325
11. A one-sided separable yfastener as deñned in claim
10, wherein the coupling end pontions of the scoops on
Iboth stringers `extend the full 'depth of the scoops, and
outer pontions of the coupling ends of 130th scoops ín
clude rounded portions «for `free passage ofthe scoops of
5
one Stringer over the tape of a companion Stringer.
12. A one-sided separable fastener as .defined in claim
1-1, wherein said `rounded portions operatively engage
the ibead means of a companion Stringer.
6
References Cited in the _file of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
2,074,624
' 2,095,453
2,270,985
2,736,940
2,888,727l
Schweinbumg _________ __ Mar. 23,
Silber-man ___________ __ Oct. 12,
Winterhalter __________ ..._ I an. 27,
Morin _______________ __ Mar. 6,
Heimbenger ___________ __ June 2,
1937
1937
1942
1956
1959
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