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Патент USA US3100370

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Aug. 13, 1963
J. STALDER
3,100,365‘
MOVABLE FIGURE TOY
Filed Aug. 8. 1961
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ATTORNEYS
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Patented Aug. 13, 1963
2
of a suction cup 11 is attachable to a window pane S or
,
3,100,365
other carrier, as shown in FIG. 5. Suction cup ‘11 is dis
posed on base housing 4 by means of a L-shaped holder
MOVABLE FIGURE TOY
Jakob Stalder, Bergstrasse 110, Geroldswil, Switzerland
12.
Filed Aug. 8, 1961, Ser. No. 130,132
8 (Ilaims. (Cl. 46-440)
’
As shown in FIG. 6, the base housing 4 by means of
wires or strings 13' is suspended from a plate 14 secured
to the vehicle roof D. FIG. 7 ?nally shows a form in
which ?gure body .1 in form of a globe is disposed on
base housing 4 hanging on a wire 15. In this form, base
My present invention rel-ates to a ?gure capable of
carrying out rotary movements, which ?gure does not
require any motor drive means for operation.
Such ?gure according to the present invention is dis 10 housing 4 is provided with securing ?anges 16 by which
tinguished by the fact that a fulcrum pin of a ?gure body
it issecured to the ceiling D. '
through a transmission gearing is connected to the fulcrum
As shown in FIG. 8, a V-belt drive mechanism 9', 10",.
member of a swing body, said pin, member and gearing
16 maybe used in place of the gearing 9, 10. The central
being disposed in a carrier housing.
fulcrum member 7 'here carries the large V-groove wheel
The ?gure thus driven automatically, which carries out 15 10’ and the ?ywheel mass 8, while the small V-groove
rotary movements at each change of position or at each
wheel 9' is secured to fulcrum pin 3.
occurrence of inertia forces acting thereon, is particularly
I
V
Further, various mutually exchangeable ?gures may
be provided with uniform plug legs.
suited in vehicles such as automobiles. In such latter case,
While the invention has been described in detail with
the ?gure is bound to rotate at any variations of position
20 respect to a now preferred example and embodiment of
or inclination of the vehicle.
the invention it will be understood by those skilled in
Forms of the invention are shown in the drawing, in
which-—
'
FIG. 1 is a view of the ?gure in section through the
housing base,
FIGS. 2 and 3 show two further forms of the inven
tion in perspective view,
7
v25
FIG. 4 is a modi?cation of-FIG. 1,
FIG. 5 depicts a playing ?gure adapted to be secured to
the art after understanding the invention, that various
changes and modi?cations may be made without depart
ingfrom the spirit and scope of the invention and it is
‘intended, therefore, to cover all such changes and modi
?cations in the appended claims.
:
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new
and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin journaled
FIGS. 6 and 7 show two di?erent suspended playing 30 in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to the ful
?gures, and
crum pin exteriorly of the housing, a fulcrum member
journaled in the housing, and a swing body secured to the
FIG. 8 shows 1a further form of the gearing.
fulcrum member within the housing, transmission gearing
A ?gure body 1 carrying out playing and rotary move
a vertical support,
interconnecting the fulcrum pin and fulcrum member,
ments by means of a plug-leg 2 is detachably plugged on
the square end 3a of a fulcrum pin 3. 4 designates the 35 said swing body being movable in a substantially hori
zontal plane and a constituting the sole power source for
bo?ike base housing. In the bore 6 of the housing cover
operating the transmission gearing and being overbal
4a and on the bearing bracket 5 secured thereto, is
anced to seek a low level for the rotation of the fulcrum
mounted for rotation the fulcrum pin 3. The square mem
ber 31: projects upwardly from base housing ‘4. Spaced
pin and ?gure body in either direction.
from fulcrum pin 3 and parallel thereto a further fulcrum 40
member 7 is mounted for rotation, its upper end being
engaged in housing cover 4a and its lower end being en-‘
gaged in the housing bottom 412. A swing body 8 at one
end is rigidly attached to fulcrum member 7. A pinion 9‘
2. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin jour
naled in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to
the fulcrum pin exteriorly of the housing, a fulcrum
member journaled in the housing, and a swing body se
cured to therfulcrum member within the housing, a belt
?xed to fulcrum pin 3 meshes with a gear wheel 10‘ ?xed 45 drive between the fulcrum pin and fulcrum member, said
swing body being movable in a substantially horizontal
to fulcrum member 7. Transmission of the rotary move
plane and constituting the sole power source for operat
ment of fulcrum member 7 on to fulcrum pin 3 is chosen
ing the fulcrum pin and ?gure body and being over
at such ratio that ?gure body 1 executes an entire revolu
balanced to seek a low level for the rotation of the ful
tion ‘with a relatively small movement of body 8 or ful
50
crum. pin and ?gure body'in either direction.
1
crum member 7 respectively.
Swing body 8 moves from its horizontal position at
3. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin jour
each deviation and also at each positional or inclination-a1
change of base housing 4, and tends to always move to
naled in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to
and shocks.
The ?gure bases used in FIGS. 1 to 3 may be placed
on any desired horizontal support and thanks to the
overbalanced to seek a low level for the rotation of the
the fulcrum pin exteriorly of the housing, a fulcrum
wards the lowermost point with its cantilever portion. 55 member journaled in the housing, and a swing body se
cured to the fulcrum member within" the housing, trans
When carrying the ?gure in a vehicle such as an automo
mission gearing interconnecting the fulcrum pin and ful
bile, rail-, air- or water vehicle, the swing body 8 and, thus,
crum member, said swing body being movable in a sub
the ?gure 1 is set into motion also in the case of hori
stantially horizontal plane and constituting the sole power
zontally acting centrifugal forces such as act in the vehicle
in particular in curves, further at all inclination changes 60 source for operating the transmission gearing and being
weight of the base do not require any special locking
means.
In FIG. 4 is shown a form of invention in which the
weight of the swing body increases in an outward direc
tion, which form is specially suited for producing a rela
fulcrum pin and ?gure body in either direction, and a
substantially vertical side wall mounting for the housing.
4. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin ‘jour
naled in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to
65 the fulcrum pin exteriorly of the housing, a fulcrum
reacts in a very sensitive way and manner.
member jounnaled in the housing, and a swing body se
cured to the fulcrum member within the housing, a belt
drive between the fulcrum pin and fulcrum member, said
swing body being movable in a substantially horizontal .
plane and constituting the sole power source for operat
When no horizontal support is available, as is often
the case, a base housing 4 may be used which by means
anced to seek a low level for the rotation of the fulcrum
tively high centrifugal or swing force, and which form
ing the fulcrum pin and ?gure body and being overbal
3,100,365
4
pin and’ ?gure body in either direction, and a substan
tially vertical side wall mounting for the housing;
member journaled in the housing, a ‘drive connection
between the fulcrum member and fulcrum pin, a swing
5. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin jour
naled in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to
body'of elongated form attached at one end to the ful
crum member and adapted when the housing is tilted to
.the fulcrum pin exteriorlyof the; housing, a fulcrum
member journaled in the housing, and ‘a swing body se
cured to the fulcrum member within the housing, trans
swing around the fulcrum member and by such move
ments constitute the sole power'source for operating the
?gure body.‘
mission gearing interconnecting the fulcrum pin and ful
crum member, said swing body being movable in a sub-’
‘stantially horizontal plane and constituting the sole power
'
8. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin jour
, naled in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to
10 the fulcrum pin exteriorly of the housing, arfulcrum
7 source for operatingthe transmission gearingand being
member journaled in the housing, a driveconnection be
tween the fulcrum member and fulcrum pin, a swing
fulcrum pin'and ?gure body ineither direction, said hous-'
body of elongated form attached at one end to the fol?
ing being suspended from its upper side and the ?gure
crum member and adapted when the housing is tilted to
‘body depending from the housing.
15 swing around the fulcrum member and by such move-'
76. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin jour
ments constitute the sole power' source for operating the
overbalanced to seek a low ‘level for the rotation of the
' naled in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to
?gure body, the outer end of the swing body being of
greater weight than the inner end attached to the ful
the. fulcrum pin exteriorly‘of the housing,’ a fulcrum
member‘, journaled in the housing, and ‘a swing body se
crum member to increase the speed of rotation of the
cured to vthe fulcrum member within the housing, a belt 20 fulcrum member and ?gure body when the housing is
drive between the fulcrum pin and fulcrum member, said
swing'body being movable in a substantially horizontal
plane and constituting the sole power source for operat
ing the fulcrum pin and ?gure body and being overbal
tilted."
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
‘need to seek a low level for the rotation of the fulcrum 25
546,912 ,
pin and ?gure body in either direction, said housing being
suspended from its upper side and the ?gure body de
pending from the housing.
7. A toy comprising a housing, a fulcrum pin jour
naled in a wall of the housing, a ?gure body secured to 30
the fulcrum pin exteriorly of the housing, a fulcrum
:
‘Boettcher ______ _.|..__ Sept. 24, 1895
1,280,508
2,598,019
McHenry ____________ __ Oct. 1, 1918
Rosenthal et a1. ______ __ May 27, 1952
2,828,562 7
'
'
614,815
‘
Warren ______________ __ Apr. 1, 1958
‘
FOREIGN
PATENTS
Germany ____ _..-...._-__..__ June 20, 1935
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