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EDUCATION IN GREAT BRITAIN whether is it boring, unusual

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EDUCATION …
whether is it boring, unusual, interesting?
January 2014
Warming Up
English is my passion,
English is my life.
I adore speak English
During days and nights.
The 25th of January is …
• The birthday of V. Vysotski
• The birthday of Robert Burns
• The Students’ Day (Tatiana’ Day)
1755 – tsarina Elisabeth signed a degree about
the opening of the State Moscow University;
the 19th century – tsar Nicolay I signed the degree
to make the date as the festival of all students.
People who read books
will always manage those
who watch TV
Some interesting facts
about education in the world
Do you know that …
• In Japan a school year consists of three terms and
starts in the beginning of April. The 1st term
continues till the 20th of July, then there are summer
holidays, after which the 2nd term lasts up to the end
of December and from January to March pupils
attend schools in the 3rd term.
? When do Japanese students move up
to the next class?
(during short spring holidays)
Do you know that …
• The profession of a teacher
thought to be men’s in
Japan. Only male had been
working at Japanese school
for a very long time.
? Who are teachers in modern
Japanese schools, men or
women?
(both sexes)
? If men work at school
nowadays, how many?
(more than half of staff)
Do you know that …
• In many school of Japan
there are no canteens.
? Where do pupils have
lunch there?
(in the classrooms)
Do you know that …
• Czech pupils have only two holidays – in winter
and in summer.
? How long are summer holidays in Czech republic?
(two months)
• Czech schoolchildren get marks same as in Russia
- from 1 up to 5.
? Do these marks mean the same as in our country?
(No, “5’ is the worst mark, “1” is the best)
? How many school subjects can a teacher teach?
(some – maths and P.E. or chemistry, music and
Czech)
Do you know that …
• Finnish teachers never call a pupil to answer
without his or her desire. Demonstration of
pupils’ defects is forbidden in Finland.
? How many people work in Finnish schools during
a lesson? (two – a teacher and his assistant)
? How often do Finnish students go out during
school time?
(after every lesson regardless
of season)
Do you know that …
• In Norway there is a strict division of
schoolchildren into school groups according to
their age. Pupils of primary school, teenagers
of 14 and 18 year old young people don’t
study at the same building.
? When do Norwich students start getting
marks at school?
( only in the eighth class)
Do you know that …
• There are 90,000 state and
30,000 private schools in the
USA
with
55,000,000
schoolchildren and 3,000,000
teachers.
Do you know that …
• The system of marks in the USA is letters.
"А" – 15% of students who show a high level of knowledge
and originality of thinking;
"В" – 25% of students whose level is higher than average;
"С" – 35% of students with average abilities;
"D" – 15% of students have a low level of knowledge;
"F" – 10% of students demonstrate unsatisfactory results
and ignorance of school programme.
? What definitions characterise marks from “A” to “F”?
(excellent, good, satisfactory, poor)
• True or false?
• Yes or no?
• Right or wrong?
• Chinese winter holidays continue for more than a
month – from the end of December up to the
beginning of February.
? Yes. Because the Chinese mark Chinese New Year
• A Greek person can be a student for thirty years.
? Yes. InGreece a student gets a lot of privilege in
the time he studies: free lessons, food, medical
care, transport at a discount, etc.
• In America parents can be arrested if their children
don’t attend school.
? Yes. It’s true.
• In America children of primary school have three
breaks for eating.
? No. There are two: Milk break and Lunch break.
• There are 15 students in the class
in the USA.
? No. They are 35 - 40
• The
percentage
of
former pupils who want
to
get
a
higher
education is 50%.
? No. They are only 29%
The university lecture lasted in one of
Australian institutes more than
50 hours.
? Yes. It has been written by the Professor
Barrows on biology.
• In India about 28,000 pupils attend one of
school.
? Yes. The world record was set up in Montessori
school in 2003-2004.
• The most ancient university in the world is
situated in Great Britain.
? No. It was founded in Morocco in 859.
• In the USA employees with high education have the
same salary with those without such education.
? No. People with high education have salary twice more
than those without it.
• Teachers in England get the highest salary in the
world.
? No. It is Sweden – minimum of salary is $33,000 per
year.
• In Russia teacher’s salary is equal to monthly
teacher’s salary in Sweden.
? No. It’s much less.
There is a tradition in Harvard when at last night of
preparation for exams students should run naked.
? Yes. This tradition is
strange but real. It is
observed till nowadays
without
any
clothes
around Harvard Yard
accompanied by
the
university orchestra.
• Practically in all European
universities there are more
women than men.
? Yes. Exception is Germany.
• According to statistics men
having higher education
are healthier than those
who haven’t it: they
weight less, have lower
blood pressure, and they
are inclined less to heart
diseases.
? Yes. It’s true.
QUIZ:
BRITISH EDUCATION
Quiz: British education
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When do British children start school?
Is nursery school compulsory?
Do all children go to the kindergarten?
What do children do at their first school year?
Do parents need to help teachers to develop
their children?
6. How long do pupils study at school?
7. What is the title of the first step of schooling?
8. Do they go to the secondary or to the nursery
school after primary school?
Quiz: British education
9. Can children begin studying at 4 or not?
10. What are core subjects in English schools
according to the National Curriculum?
11. Is school education free in Britain?
12. When does a school year start in Britain?
13. How long do summer holiday last?
14. Where does a school year start in August?
15. How many levels of attainment/knowledge are
there in the English language in primary school?
16. Do children pass any exams after primary
school?
Quiz: British education
17. When do pupils start to learn a modern foreign
language?
18. Do British kids study Russian?
19. How many marks do children have in Britain?
20. What marks are they?
21. How many days a week do children learn?
22. British pupils have got 4 terms in a school year,
haven’t they?
23. What transport takes children to school?
24. Children should wear uniform, shouldn’t they?
Quiz: British education
25. Can British students wear pajamas at school?
26. How long is lunch break?
27. Is the discipline strict at schools of Britain?
28. Can teachers wear jeans to school?
29. Do children like their school food?
30. Have students got a religious lesson or not?
31. Girls are allowed to wear lipstick and eyeshadow, aren’t they?
32. Do boys and girls sit at different desks?
Quiz: British education
33.Do teachers in Britain often use punishment at the
lessons or not?
34.How is the document which children get at 16
called?
35. Can schoolchildren go to work at 16?
36. What class do they attend at 15?
37. Is higher education free or not in Britain?
38. How many universities are there in Great Britain?
39. Do student study 5 years at the university?
40. How old are students when they begin higher
education?
QUIZ:
BRITISH EDUCATION
Quiz: British education
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
At 5 years old
No, it is voluntary
No, only half of them
They begin to tackle a range of subjects,
including those stipulated under the National
Curriculum
Yes, parents play the key role in educating
nursery-age children
11 years (from 5 up to 16)
Infant school
To the secondary school
Quiz: British education
• 9. Yes, in Wales
• 10. English, maths, science, technology, histrory,
geography, music, art and P.E.
• 11. Yes, it’s free in state schools
• 12. As a rule, on the 1st Monday of September
• 13. A month and half (in July and August)
• 14. In Scotland
• 15. There ate 5 basic targets in English and for
each of them there ate 10 levels of attainment
• 16. Now in many counties - no
Quiz: British education
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
17. At secondary school
18. Some of them do
19. Six marks
20. The marks are letters from A to F
21. Five (from Monday to Friday)
22. No, only three
23. A school bus of a yellow colour
24. In most schools – yes, they should
Quiz: British education
• 25. No, it’s an American habit
• 26. An hour and 15 minutes
• 27. No, not very strict nowadays, pupils are noisy
and rude to teachers
• 28. Yes, they can
• 29. No, students find school food terrible
• 30. Yes, religious lessons take place in schools
• 31. Yes, it’s not forbidden for girls
• 32. Yes, boys and girls often sit at the same desk
Quiz: British education
• 33. In these correct times, teachers have few
sanctions which they may exercise – certainly not
any form of corporal punishment
• 34. GCSE
• 35. Yes, they can go to work at 16
• 36. The 5th
• 37. For Britishmen – it’s free, for foreigners - not
• 38. 44 or 47
• 39. No, first degree course lasts 3 or 4 years
• 40. 18
From the history of British
education …
• Before 1870 education was voluntary and
many of the existing schools had been set up
by churches.
• Only 2% of children under 14 and 40% of
those aged 10 went to school regularly.
• From 1870, in response to changes brought
about by the industrial revolution and
movements for social and political reform, the
government started to take responsibility for
education
From the history of British edu…
• A “tripartite” system of secondary modern,
technical and grammar schools selected 11 yearold children at the end of their primary education
by means of an exam. The top 20% attended
grammar schools. Secondary modern and
technical schools dealt with more practical
subjects. Pupils from them were expected to
become manual workers and skilled workers
respectively, while those who attended grammar
schools were more likely to go on to university
and become professionals and managers.
• In the 1950s some people were dissatisfied with
the tripartite system.
• Comprehensive schools were introduced in the
1960s with the idea that pupils should not be
selected and streamed at such an early age. In
1993 90% of pupils attend such schools; the other
10% attend some remaining grammar or private
schools.
The Education System in the UK
• School Education
• Further Education
• Higher Education
The Education System in the UK
Primary School in GB
• Most primary schools are
co-educational (boys and
girls are taught together),
usually with a class teacher
system
• Children used to be selected
for secondary education by
means of an examination -the �eleven plus’.
Primary School Subjects
• One teacher teaches:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Art
Analysis
Drama
English
Geography
History
Mathematics
Scottish Gaelic (in Scotland)
Secondary School
• Compulsory education extends up to 16 years.
Students are often streamed into different
ability groups. Some think this undermines the
principles of comprehensive education.
Secondary School Subjects
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mathematics
Science
Technology and design
Information Technology
English
Modern Languages
(French, German,
Spanish)
• Geography
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
History
Social Education
Religion
Cooking
Music
Physical education
Greek and Latin
(at grammar and
independent schools)
Secondary School
• The main examination that all students should
take at 16 is the General Certificate of Secondary
Education (GCSE). Some students continue in the
same school for a further 2 years of study leading
to the examination of the General Certificate of
Education, Advanced level (GCE A level). Usually
3 or 4 academic subjects are studied and 1
general studies paper. This is the main
examination required for university entrance.
Universities and Colleges
of Higher Education in GB
• Altogether, there are now 44 universities in the
United Kingdom: 33 in England, 8 in Scotland, 2 in
Northern Ireland and 1, a federation of 7 colleges,
in Wales.
Universities and Colleges
of Higher Education in GB
• The old universities
refer to those founded
before 1600. Oxford
and Cambridge are the
oldest ones, dating
from 1249 and 1284.
Until the 19th century,
they were the only 2
universities in England
Universities and Colleges
of Higher Education in GB
• Degrees: BA (Bachelor
of Arts) or BSc
(Bachelor of Science);
MA (Master of Arts) or
MSc
(Master
of
Science);
Ph.D.
(Doctor of Philosophy).
“Eleven plus”
• The system of secondary education in Britain
has been changed in recent years. Under the
old system, children took an examination
called the “eleven plus” at the age of 11. If
they passed this examination, they went to a
grammar school (high school) and if they
failed, they went to a secondary modern
school.
• Under the new system, there is no
examination at the age of eleven, and the
grammar schools and secondary modern
schools have been replaced by large
comprehensive
schools.
Some
comprehensives are “streamed”; others are
“unstreamed”. In a streamed school, pupils
are placed into classes according to their
ability. Children of high ability are in the “A”
stream, those of lesser ability in the “B”
stream and so on. In an unstreamed school,
children of mixed ability are placed together in
the classes.
Are YOU ready
to pass the STREAM EXAM
Just now?
Education is not received .
It is achieved!
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