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How to survive the dreaded flu season

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How to survive the dreaded flu season
Spanish flu, Hong-Kong flu, bird flu, swine flu.... Influenza comes
in different guises as the RNA viruses constantly mutate and turn
into different strains. The seasonal influenza vaccine only
contains three strains of type A or type B influenza, which WHO
health officials select each year as the most likely influenza
strains that will spread around the world. However, many
influenza strains and most cases of flu-like illness that occur
during a flu season are not associated with type A or type B
influenza virus, which means that vaccination will not always be
effective. The two antiviral drugs used in the UK to treat flu
(Tamiflu and Relenza) are only effective is used within 48 hours
after the initial infection. The trouble is that by the time you are
aware of the first flu symptoms and make an appointment with
your GP, he will be reluctant to prescribe these antivirals as the
crucial 48 hours would have elapsed by then. Tamiflu and Relenza are becoming less effective as they
have been in use for some time now and flu viruses begin to develop resistance to them.
The virus is airborne and spreads through the droplets from coughing and sneezing of the infected persons.
It’s important to use a tissue or cover your nose and mouth, especially if you use public transport.
Washing your hands or using an alcohol based steriliser will decrease the likelihood of spreading a
virus to or picking it up from other people.
Flu is debilitating. It overtakes you suddenly, with chills and fever, extreme fatigue, blocked or
runny nose, cough, headache, sore throat, loss of appetite, aches and pains all over the body
including joints. It can last for 2-3 weeks and may cause such complications as bronchitis,
pneumonia, reactive arthritis, sinusitis, ear infections or post-viral fatigue. The most important thing
to avoid a possible complication is to allow your body to rest. Do not push through extreme
tiredness that accompanies flu, let your immune system mobilise its resources to fight off the
unwelcome invader. Flu is a perfectly justifiable reason to have a break from the daily pressures
and take it easy for a few days.
The time to act quickly is when you feel the first symptoms appearing – a tingly sensation in your nose, a
sore throat, a tickly dry cough, a shivery chill coming on. Traditionally, the first line of defence was to sweat
the pathogen out before it takes hold. A sauna or a hot bath with a few drops of eucalyptus, tea tree
or rosemary oil could be invaluable.
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Get some lime tree blossom tea (Tilia cordata) in your
local health food shop, Revital or Neal’s Yard and brew a
fragrant cup of herbal tea. You will need to have 4-5 cups
a day. Lime blossom tea is a traditional flu remedy used in
Russia almost in every household. It belongs to a group of
herbs known as diaphoretics (they open up the pores in
the skin, induce sweating and expel the virus). Herbs like
St. John’s wort and Lemon balm have demonstrated
good antiviral properties, so you can mix them in with the
lime blossom and prepare a potent antiviral tea. Another
herb traditionally used in Siberia to increase stamina and
resistance to both viral and bacterial infections as well as
prevent fatigue is Rhodiola rosea (Golden root). It is an adaptogen which allows the body to adapt and
improve its response to both physical and mental stress. In winter months I always have at hand a bottle of
tincture containing a mix of antiviral and immune-stimulating herbs which may include andrographis, cat’s
claw, Echinacea, ginger, elderberry and oregano to name a few. This kind of tincture is more specialised
and you will need to see a qualified herbalist to have it mixed for you, as some of these herbs are not sold
directly to the public.
Eat raw onions and garlic if you feel the onset of a cold or flu. Chicken broth will be both nourishing and
healing. When you have no appetite, sometimes the only thing that will go down well is soup – whether
vegetable or meat broth.
If your throat is sore, you can chew a bit of propolis and leave it in your mouth for a couple of hours.
Propolis is a resin-like material from the buds of poplar and cone-bearing trees collected and used by bees
to disinfect their hives. It has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties, and two promising German
studies affirmed at its immunostimulating effects. It is also effective against cold sores and can be applied
directly to them. Don’t use propolis if you are allergic to bee products including honey as well as conifers,
poplars, Peru balsam, and salicylates.
A quick reminder about the importance of vitamin D3 for our immune health. We live in a country with little
sunshine and therefore are not making enough vitamin D in our skin as it is produced from cholesterol
under the influence of sunlight. It is found in good quality cod liver oil (for example, Blue Ice by Green
Pastures), oily fish, egg yolk and butter. It activates the body's T-cells that seek out and destroy any
invading bacteria and viruses. If vitamin D levels in the body are low, T-cells are not primed to recognise
the invader and remain �naive’. According to the Mayo Clinic, an adult needs about 10,000 IU of vitamin D3
daily.
Essential fatty acids, especially the omega-3 fats, are
�essential’ because we need them but do not produce
them in the body. They must come from the diet.
However much I enthuse about the virtues of oily fish to
my patients, the truth is that most Brits do not like fish
unless it is discreetly covered in bread crumbs or batter
and hidden from sight. Despite living on an island
surrounded by water, they shy away from fish and
seafood alike. So if you are not an oily fish lover,
supplement the omega-3 EFAs which are found in fish
oil, cod liver oil or krill oil. The best vegan source is
flaxseed oil which undergoes a conversion process in
the body and turns into omega-3 EFAs. The health
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benefits of flaxseed were known to the Ancients and by the 8th century the French King Charlemagne even
passed a law requiring his subjects to consume it.
Why are omega-3 EFAs are so important during a bout of flu? Our immune system generates a lot of
inflammatory substances during its fight against a virus, using them as weapons to deactivate and destroy
it. However, if the immune response is overly active, intense and long lasting, it can damage the cells of the
host. The most unexpected statistic of the first world war period reveals that more people died in the
Spanish flu epidemic than fell in battles and perished in the trenches. Usually, flu victims are the elderly and
the children, but in 1918 those who died of flu were previously healthy young adults. The recent explanation
of this fact is that they died as a result of an overactive immune response known as cytokine storm. The
omega-3 EFAs are crucial in calming down and eventually switching off this intense counter-attack of our
immune system against the virus. Fish oil and flaxseed oil should be kept in the fridge, away from sunlight.
They become very dangerous once they go rancid.
When coming down with a virus, avoid sugar and processed foods. Sugar impairs the immune function
within an hour of consuming it. Be aware that sugar can be hidden in foods you may not suspect, like
ketchup, canned soups, cereals and commercial fruit juices.
Hot lemon drink has been used as a flu remedy since Roman
times. It is full of antiviral vitamin C. Vitamin C is destroyed by heat
above 70 Co so it is best to pour hot but not boiling water into your
lemon drink. The same applies to rose hip tea also very rich in
vitamin C.
Lemon oil contains various antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal and
anti-inflammatory constituents. It also acts as an expectorant. To
make a flu-fighting lemon drink, chop 1 lemon (with zest and pulp)
into a cup of hot water. Inhale the steam while the lemon steeps for
a few minutes. Strain, add Manuka honey and enjoy. Drink 3-4
cups a day while you are ill.
This is by no means an exhaustive list of homemade remedies,
supplements and herbs which are useful in the fight against flu.
Please feel free to e-mail me other traditional and natural recipes that you have come across and I
will share them with the readers. Let’s learn from each other!
Marina Townsley, ND
Master Herbalist AMH, Nutritional Therapist BANT
healthrevisited@aol.com
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