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How to Hit a Target Two Miles Underground - splc-r

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SHEll Oil COMPANY
INCORPORATED
50 West 50th Streol
NEW YORK N. Y.
RETUR N POSTAGE GUARANTEED
PREVIEW OF THE THIRD ADVERTISEMENT OF THE
1944 " RESEARCH"
SERIES
(To appear in color in SATURDAY EVENING POST, LIFE and COLLIER 'S)
How to Hit a Target Two Miles Underground When yo u're drilling for oil, the unВ­
expected can always bappen. There's
gas down there, a mile or two belowВ­
suppose it cuts loose, blowing your
"s tring of tools " and derrick inco the
next cownsbip ...
0,- a spa,-k ca.1Z tu,-n you,- p-roducing well
into a torch_
And eve-ry d,-op of oil is p,-eci011.S now.'
Wit h the <L)~iSf;).n(c of n Sbell in vention, a well on li.rc..'-fJ r
blown out by f.,: .L ~-~an be broughf ul.ldcr coot.rol throu).:"h
.. " relief"' \Veil. Drilled from a distant poine, this contlcC:u
wich tbe old well fa! underg round ... biuio8 the l in)'
distant, invisible larg;el "on the nose"!
Shuttiog off [he oil or gas io 3 "wild" or hurnin,::: wcll ioc
spc.:cral.:uiac u.sc of OlRECTIONAL DUILLlNG-but 11(1[
Ihc O)O.lo( imponanc.
Working on the Shell principle', the direction of Ih e
drill is under control-evcn if il"~ 15,000 reef dt.-ep. from
dry land. you ca.o d:lnl your well offshore, to hr inl; up Qi l
from under t.be SC'd: Or you can 6nd rom W lf arounel It
"faulr" in the dE:cp carIb . Or you cau be SU.fc you'rc drillВ­
ing your well ,arl1ighe dOIl'II, if th,, 's wh:1t you 'Y\o~" l\t. And
don't thiuk this isn't 3 trick!
Every e""Cr:l d.rop of peuoleum hc.ing b rought up hy
Directional OriJling oow has iii 'В·crick;!.I" (ulU,;.l iurl, M() h.'В­
cules from this drop may ap ~~r in Shell', IOl)...ocuIhe
aviation gfisoline, in bumtlicn e for Jy nth atl c rub ber. io
tol uene for TNT. .. Or iu the St.'dadv e which o>oot l',,:.. a
fiye,r to rc:>cfu\ ~lccp after a n<:rvr-to rruring minion , ..
And as 8. rcsult of Sbell Rcscardl, pctro!Cu.ln UlolctIJit,:s
eoter your own daily life iu morc W :I)' $ thUD you think.
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Fir" Oil nfmВ«y 10 wi,1
fhl Army -Nal ')' "E " В­
Sh~//'J" Wood Ril 't'r R.jillery
SHELL
RESEARCH
Sword of Today _.. Plowshare of Tomorrow
f
------- ---------
SHELL NEWS -mat
Dedicated to the principle that th e interests of employee and employer are mutual and inseparable February - 1944
Vol. 12 В· No.2 TODAY SHEll AND ITS AFFILIATED COMPANIES HAVE OVER 28,000 EMPLOYEES.
365
(1%)
?:ltis Issue OF THEM WERE WITH THE COMPANY TWENTY-FIVE
130>=101) Mnrkclinp; l)ivi.. i ( lI l . ,,'lIs II IL'
I, r li1 (.': AIIIW' ~ rlltВ·l!" a ile! LII Lri r ll nt ...
o f lile I'lIuguzillO ( pages ) 6-17 ) the Looklct YOli fi " d
Ilw r f' if a ll !tid to a n::<wtr ing Oll f" of ) IW l" mo r~ d Util 'lIl!
Hi.. CU 11l 1tl (lIl dill1:j Cenf'nll, 11. 1... Pedd uu fI .
\\ urd"l
hit mnl Ult th,В· illlpo rtan t.-В· c,r o il
11I\\ ,lId WiU ll illS I h. , Wll f . . . hcsin-, u n rmg'" 2.
"111tI,:q' "ho ,.,we S('(' 1I II IU'("\ it \, uf Sbd l's new llIo l io li '
pi, Il1 rf' "flight L o~ft lttWt been 1~ III I IIISillSl ic . ShtlJ Nc \\ ~
Ilu.., udll pl('tl rh e picl nre 10 ~ i \"e )O U 0 I A~I(' o f \dw t i, iI,
proUlems . . . fi Uing out lou r Tnx Ret urn: nlld R. v.
Mi1If'r, j\ lnnuger of Financial-Tn, IJcpartrn C'nt , " us n :- hnВ­
Vic ex p llUHl lor y a rticle begiHning Oil p ase 17.
IL i~ 1~5i bl e Ihal some cln)' you run ) visit 118 in l1 t: nd
ITiCc. , . . Or perholJs '\urk here. Three Stlld a hair Yed r>:
8~(,1 100 Sl. L IJ u is llD.S w ade th e movt,' 10 Nc \\' York Cit)'.
\V...s. tlw ci t )~ whnt tlwy I" X p(...~tc d ? For L1w u nSWf'r to thn l
YEARS AGO WHEN THE VERSAILLES TREATY, FORMALLY
ENDING THE FIRST WORLD WAR, WAS SIGNED.
1.;. - .1 l nh.
or
~l n lt".. • .
P"H"c 7.
I
2,501
(9%)
OF THEM WERE WITH THE COMPANY TWENTY YEARS
AGO WHEN THE ZR-3 (LOS ANGELES ) MADE THE FIRST
TRANS-ATLANTIC WESTWARD FLIGHT OF A DIRIGIBLE.
7,807
(28%)
I~ \' ~s,
1: 1. J\ \. ...
i" It" (В·В· ' i ll~ Elo n
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.~
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i ~ li n t'H~~ 1:1 !11 k. \V.' l ak." r uu II} 11 1l" h Cd i,' n rri te~ uf tht:
1' r'II 01 ., I)I' l' i 'rIIlH~ 1l1 RO Ih ll l you Utlll 1I("t; I h (~ Ot!lh'ity for
\ 1'111''"', ,11' .. '"' In rl l.. nn /lJl lo!.l~ 1,1. rr yvu l u rn t l ) Ill e c'u n tt' r
'lu e.:-,lin u, turn to pug"" 20 . . . fbC n jJur tia l I'.x plun uti oll
I()(lk
ll t tl'lI' l' id l11'f'
th ~
on
Co \,C" r t it i-til u
Timfflo Sqllill''-', hardly
Yo rk City I I') he,
nlll rn r f r O!! 1
~ (" \,<
~('\\
Yo rk
SLr" '!'1.
\\, )-, 1\1 YOII p inlll n.:d
COI\TENTS
OF THEM WERE WITH THE COMPANY FIFTEEN YEARS
AGO WHEN THE FIRST TALKING MOTION PICTURES
WERE SHOWN TO AMAZED AUDIENCES WHO
PREDICTED THEY В· WOULD NEVER BE A SUCCESS.
iill~~ ~:.;-\~;\
~~~
'""' ~, ~ .$. ~~ .~
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. Lt. Juli n K.
ВЈ""'1$
1:li.e l. l Lo~ . . .... . . .. . .. . .... . .. . .. . AM" Mil..
2 11 T rip., AHlU nd Ille \V" ,.ld . , . . J/ tВ·rbert .)qllire$
2
People in lhe
,
i\It.... r
~
17
Tl l i ~ , T " ... I~ ~t" \\ ' " "l.. .. .. • . . • • N orman Ir a ll f?r.J
19
' , . . . . . . .• ' . ,. , . , .. , .. .. ,
. . •. ..• . • . .. .. . ..•..... 26-2 7
R Oll n! .. , '
, .. .. . . .. , . . .. . . .. , . 28В·29
. ...• . ............ . .. 1111-:12
Sen it'l" BirLh.lay"' , .. .
1...11 \Vu r BUild Chart .. ........ . ... I ns;(I" Bur k C" ,,В·..
SSOc/ATF: [W I TOIIS
12,767
OF THEM WERE WITH THE COMPANY TEN YEARS AGO
T I'I' \ ~ r. Ul r A JI~
(46%)
WHEN ADOlF HITlER BECAME THE SOlE LEADER OF
11 0 1 '-1'''1i> R I !'lI Nn :\'
~ 11 1l . j ~'lN'I"IHt'NT
,\"111; ,,, H I:I' I.'frJtY'
GERMANY, PROMISING THE WORLD A LASTING PEACE.
\\:'''011 H lq ll
!'I, \\ \11ll;"
1l.. '
IN'W \В·
I 'u..,'\'l"
19,259
OF THEM WERE WITH THE COMPANY FIVE YEARS AGO
(69%)
WHEN THAT "LASTING PEACE" WAS DESTROYED BY THE
NAZI CONQUESTS.
O NE OF A SERIES OF CHART S SH OW ING INTERESTIN G FACT S. FO R AND ABOUT SHELL EMPLO Y EESВ­
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Shcl l A Olt"t'i4!IIIJI l'etr" lc.um Com~n y :md 511ell Union 0 11 CorpoTltl ion, Adtlrtla eom.mun ic4t ionJ
III lil t: 1\ ' n;o rmt!:1 Uc.p:trtnl lJnf . SJIi~1I Oil C9U1 P;lIlYr Itlc .. JiO \\te'", !lOth S lJ'ecl , :'\В· ~ W York New York .
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Three former 80,10" Mor~('l i n9 Division employees
togc ther in the Fuels and lubricont5 ~ivision,
Thry arC) \1. to r. ) Lt . John Evans. author 01 tho
ortid,, ; Lt . J, F. Halligon : and Lt. G. W. Maker.
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lilt , liI:-1 \ \<1 1" \\';1" IHII 11 npille eon'purcci 10 IO (Ia~.
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THE MAGIC OF PETROLEUM ....'ilory of the """,·1.• (inA 1,,,I.ri,,,,,,'.• Hi,';sio", ~},Ulrl",.m" .•,,'" (;,.r,..., Ii..'i . .·jrmy
i:- lilt '
10 :01 '(' lI.al 110 'lilt ,11 1I, ' , ' nl':--
Somo .... hNC' in Ne.... GlJin oa vitol fu t' h for tanh , guns, ond plonas, are unloaded.
Pl'Irol"11I1l Unit'!'!" \\ IW:-l' job i..; to I'N llli :-. il inll IIJld IIi ...
lIillIll'
Ili:- COIIIlIUlIldill;I (;( ' IWI' <l 1 ~ llfJi C' i t' l1l
qll;lIllilic:;;; l)f Jl cll"oll'llill pl""ldll d:- In sati .. f~ Ilr t! 'nwiltn '\
c'Olllpld" lI ec~ d : .: ' .
nil[ ,riUl lf' 1'(11' 11](' [lIil c'rI :-:111 11 ':'
Ir'ilIIJle ill Ih o
ur
I'ul 1'111' ;tli \Ilit ,~ unfi f' l" 11](' l! ill t-'II ' cВ· OnlJl l( llld .
\Vo dd \Vide IJct rOIl.!Ulll sup pl y is coo rdill atcd by th e
J\ l'1l1 y В·Na ,, ~' Pelroleull1 Som d in \\7slshin gt on, ;111 agency
o f the Joim Chid s of Sta n'. T he tuels Hnd Lu b ri ca nts
ni, i::- ion is d irectl y under th e Q LJ ~'rLC J' mu st c l" В· Gen e l'al , hut
111(' IliH"clor, Cene ra l Peckha ll l, rClJrl'scnlS Ceneral
SOllw n el1. Co mma lld ing Genera l of the Arm y Se rvice
1-'0 1'1'1'$ . on Ihe Exce uli ve C() ll1 lll illee, J>lnnni llg Di"i sion
of 111(' A rm y.Na vy Petroleum Board.
S i, br;:uJches h~l ve becn csta blished wi thin the Di\,b ion.
'I'll. , i{ ('(l ui rernelll.s Br;:lnch is cha rged w ilh Ille respo nВ·
~ i"ilil ) of estimating short a nd long- IeI' m requi rements
r il l' I'l'I ro leum prod ucts tl nd their co nta i ners, T his inВ­
..Iu (k s Ihe needs of Oll r armi es, our Allics, a nd fo r essc nВ·
I i;11 iud ust r ial ;Hld c i" il itlH uSC in te rrito ries occl.llJ ied by
\!li ed J\rm ies. The co nsolidati on or requ irement s in one
I,u n:au lesse ns dM nces for d upli cati o n o f orders und
IIli1l cri:dl y co nlri butes to ove r-a ll efficie ncy.
Purchase. ~t o ra gc, a nd di st ributi on r cs ponsihi lil ies arc
a~s i gned 10 the Oper ali ons Bran f"h. T he problem of su pВ·
pl ying co ntainers is Qne of the Bm nch's lll fll'l )' Hctivities.
I t I..:o nl.i 11I./<1II )' i)ca rs in 1l1ind the fl ll ct u alin g dcrn ands
o nВ·В·shore s hi p fn ent s~ a nd nmSL wo rk willI ind ust ry in
order 10 utili ;.:c nil CI "~lil a hl e fn cililies.
The Tet; hni ca l an d P lanni ng Bnll'l d l r OI' Ill U/ a ICS un d
('ourdin alcs a comp rehensi ve prog ra m ;l ITcctil)S' supp l)',
C I ~ lI se l'\<lli o n. fi nd usage of <.l ll f uels aile! lu bricll nt s, in В·
\nII YВ·
I
I
South Paei fic not ives corry contain e rs 0 1 o il where no other
tronsportat ion is avo ilobl o
a nd th e oil mu~ t go through.
dCIIlUll ds, th e a rm y ca n. or co urse, eSLim<l lC to a ltlillhcВ· !ltali c,'1i cel'l aint y. For i nstance j t is nl ways possible 10 lell how ma ny coaB, hal s, or gUlls will be needed, ror th e' 1)7;-. ,
,~
-~oc. o~ ' ....
...... I'
. t.. ~,c ..
В­
~O"c, ••
0 ....... . ......... ...
.....• ..' .. .;ro..
l ... 0 ,
Q ........ l
c.
1 ,.. b"",,1')' l SI.... .
"""1'. Pr.. •
oSht u Oil ec......~. ~1deat
•• 60 -.11: liOt.h "~.t. 1Itr. A.J":"IId. r
J)~ .t11'!"
.... lOl't C1ty . t . 1.
.. ", "_1'''~.... ,~,..
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В· r .....
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by L, . ...
" 'ho
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th.
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. . lok,,,< "10 '!'P'","" , . r .." ... ... • y Por~_,
'''''.. ,,,,..I·"10,•
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'~-"" ll., "" ''''r ., 'ho "'.10 ...
t..,.,...,.
• h.. 01 . ., ......... r.... '" _b". " th. 0(,
"" "''"Y.
1 ....., _ . , .. ' " _
h_ """'" Iopo....., ...."
'bo,th...-·P. ..."....".. •....• "PhYo<!
'" .," _. 'rr." '" '" " .
', ' ho•• ..",.,.,.... ' "' ...,. , ...
t b. ~."-.t.,. a. ...." l .
.r
00'",••
1'0 1'
Vel')' tn.!,.
YO"",.
CJ; f" ~"-._
B. L. 1'I:=.t:lfoUt.
81'1(11<11.1' 0... , ,... 1.
Q.;,. c ••
... ... ht.".,t.
or
vfl ri ll ble f"lClors life rca!:'onah l), consiste nt ; but as tlt e ti de or bn Ule cl wlI gcs II!' \\' probleilis HI'isc which r ('q uil"!~
all;d ys is, co nside rati oll , <l!lel q uick but accurate decisioll S. The enern y'!; sln::.nglh 10 resist, his ub ilit y to st. ri ke b[wk. must be esti ma ted , his l :u.:Li cal d HllIges must be ga ugc([, ;L lld n," I IIII SI ca lc ul a te ou r o wn strengt h. j \ $ te rr ito r)' i I'apt un-d a lld occu pied. th ere uriscs the proble m of r ef', [il lllati o n or products, reco nd iti oning of cO II( a i n c r~. a nd fl 'l' nllsl nll"l iun of produ ct io n a nd d istrib ut iOIl r,\(.:il il il 'b,
'1'111' b ;\ ~ il ' t , jv il i~lIl reqlli rc' lIlellts in occupied territ o ri es
111 /.1 ;:0 ( I... 1'..,lilHntcd a l ~o, j\rra ngerncnl.s must he COln pld('d
f i'll' :-111'1'1 ) aod shi pme nt of rn ~lChi n e r y n eede~1 t'o rc pbcc
(hut dC!"l lroyed beyond re pair , These are but a fc '\\' fir tl/(;,
rna ny alld va ried malleI's thai recf" ivc the aUc llli n li of thi"
persolllllВ·1 (.1' FIJI ,I)" unt! 1..III'l' i, ',,"1.5. N umen.lI:-. ,.1I1... r
rUIII; ti (,II,:;' :, - ut'11 a!"l furtllillatill;,! policies go vel'lIi,, ;.!; I'" I'.
t'lm :-ill;,!:
tooВ· aela ne
gm
10
fuel p la nes in farВ­
off New Guin eo. The
Fuo l, an d lubriconh
Di vis ion ~ ees that il
9 ft iS the re
whe n
nced od .
l in"' llr('n~I" llt allli c'I Iut m elill g ; revil'\' illp. ;1111'1
;'1'1'1"<1, ill).! (lfi1t ll H'lillll ::- l" >f' ifi c:ali oll sj stati sti cal 1ll!'Iltnds
awl 1'J'tw,В·d ll rt'.. : ('O II ~C" r\ al i 0 11 :tntl co n\ f!l':-- iun IIW a:-l ln '~ :
al"l1I~ .:-Ili' ply pl"op;ran l. nnd hll d gt'l <tr~В· In a lt (' r~ , :dl 1't''1ui ... В·
Fue t lor food . . . o il ser ... os in ma ny way\.
tlU' St:df' :- "lI lls icl l' nt l in ll . III ";11'11 '1'111'(111'1 ' of
,1
0l' l В·ntl i nll :-:
tht'l'l'
i::-;
all
\rc',,! 5
FLIGHT LOG by Alan Miles
SOllie Shell employees ha ve aire.Hl y sccn It IJI'e\'icw Qf th e mution picture, UFlight Log," and it is int ended Ihat as l'lliHly
ntlwl' i:, as possible, will see it in th e ncar f"turf'. Fill' th otie wh o Ita\'(, seen it , and would like, once again ) ((I :-see il s exciting
:-lor~; for th ose wh o will see it .md wo uld like tn pre\'iew; nnd pUl'ticulurly for Shell em ployees in the <'I1'1I1t; <.I fo rces and
ullll'l';o, who are lIIulble to view it al prescnt. Shell News. prc!::Cllts the Ili ~h :-'I)ots from an oUlstunding filJII n"olll .. dalion
alld pd roh~ lII'n.
I
--......
,
.. ... .
..
~
~
Seoplanes. too, need plenty 01 IGO-octone gosoline.
Here. 0 trud pulls up to Ihft woterfront so thol no
lime will be 101'.
dudiJlg prog nHn~ for t' OIl \'Cffiio ll In coal or gas. It preВ­
pores and tests spccilinll iOll s for pt:1roleuHI prndl.lcts and
conluilwl's. The bnllwh also llilalyzps tim pc.lro\ uIIHl po~i.
lioll of Ihe enemy; il1'l~c( lnlTlll!.lId !' program s fo r fIВ·lwbili В·
l:Itiol1 of prc'H ludion, nВ·finiu g, ami di :;;tribuli o n facilities
iu cll(~III }' -h e ld lerrilor ~ fo r usc wlum Ih()s(~ :Jreas t:OIl:lf:
LIIHier Allied ('olltrol.
The Soliel Fueb Branch directs lht) Imn::imst! of conI.
11ll(.l a ssist s ill [onnUli.lLill g plans alld proc(;dIlI"UB f o r th e
devclopnU!JLt of coal l'C~crvcs in foreign territ ory that is,
or will be, under allit"c-I co ntrol.
'rile t\rlmini fl lrali\"(' ,lHd Control Branches GOllLpl c lC lh e
orga llizatioll . The fOl'lll e r rend ers office alld pr-rso nnel
~crdcc to aU branches, while the latler aids ill problems
relating: to over-all organizalion, procedure and manageВ­
m ent. Field Petrol e um Offices hHve been establi,'!h ed at
H('gional Depols and arc principally conccrned wilh neВ·
gotiaLin g purcha se o rders, Sl o ra. gc~ and di stribution. The)'
Hrc loe'lled at J ersey Cil Y, N . .T. ~ Seattl c, \Va sh. , OakВ·
blld, Calir., Los Angell's, Calif., alLd EdJllonlOIl, Canada.
1..1'. Co]one l Roy,all.illden, Chief o f Operation :;! 13ranch:
in a reccnt s peech ex pressed th e Ihought ti of all nf us in
Ihe fuels and Lubricalli s Divbioll. Co louet Lilldt'll said,
"The petroleum industry i:-;: fa:::eillalillg to evcq(lne. it
magnitude is unde rstood by nllly a fe w in t.he ;I \rmt~d
Forces, aud not by Loo Illall )' (l till'r g in the industry. TIll)
IllQl't' \wВ· ItВ· i,l fIl. tlll' IlUH'C' Wj~ acquaint. o tlwJ's ",В·jth tllI~ jc)h
OIL haDel. till' t.:<lsicr it i)o' guilt;! 10 he, to 00 th~ tl'mncllriolls
ta~k \ \'C IIHI f' l pf'rfoJ' 1Il l~H'ry day.
"Let nu'В· (В·mphasi'l.c the illlporl:4II1 1.llill/!i' our p~lrllU:rs
ill t11C~ illclu~try arc .1oillp: in thi~ war in ad(litioll \.0 the
Ihill!!~ 1110:-1 Iwoplf' Ihink of: 111I'y llIallllf" clllfC hl1t"c1iclI~
Mojor Monkhouse, formt'r Shell Diyision Monoger, ot
Minneopolis is now with Ihe Fuels & lubriconts bronch.
fur sY lltheti c rllhbt.l r, tuluol I'M expl osives) IDO-or'tanc
<wiatiol1 ~aso Jilic. 50'Cf'llt:\lle di (;::;d oil, hi gh melting
p() illt wax, 1I10tor o il~, lulJri c:,lIIt s which will stand scvere
te~l.s ill heaL und ct)ld, u:-5phalt for air fluids :lTId for genВ­
('I"ill u:::c by th e Ell g in ec r~. while oil!' 1'1,.') 1' usc in bakeri es
rillcl ill mC<.J1 handlin.g as well as for Illctii t" inal purposc:,:"
;!:I~ulill e for incendiur y IJOlllbs, 1'0;'; oil for smuk e St; I'(В·t!n S,
:lIIt! other it e rns too ntllllcrOIJS to nwnLi on.
H\Vh y (lid I refe r 10 th ose in lh t) pctrC)h!lIm indu ~try as
our p:lrtlL e r~'? Yflll mcn should kllow onc! trllI"'l H'alizc
thaI the producer, tlte Illanufa cture r, 111(: marketill~ :lIld
tram'IHHlati oll brandies of t.llt; pdl'(,iBtIILI illtlll!:lry trllI st
Le tIlir (,l ose partners. ]1'1 1944 we artl going to Heed
11101'(: "iI than ever alld \q ' kiln\\, we will gel it!
HULlt :,uppose we fi g-lire, tbat we haven't ~cnl tlJ(! prod"
uct tn tlte li ghtin g fro llt. l\IJaybe it"s your hrotit(:.r, llLaylw
iL's your :"On who is dri ving lhal tru('''' or tank .. ' aurl
thВЈ) difrerentiid Sllddl!nl ~' goes Ollt becau se I\(' fВ·Qllld,,'t
GhalL1-!В·IВ· Ihe oil, s in ce Ih..~ I't', wHs n"t any nvailahl(В·.
В·В·SUpp t.I!3C a whole battalion i::- wiped o ut 1I(:c;;.;W~tВ· tlw
fn~ ni l didn"t ,Hive. SUPP05'f' oil didn't get to a hoy ill
1111': Ito:--pilal who needed il In !l'pl Idrn wel l. It wnulrl Ill'
our raldt. \Ve arc chrll'p:t 'd with Ihe res pons ihilily or gCIВ·
till;! th e Ilt'tr() lt'lIl1l prO lllld ~. illld ~ctlin!!: them Illt"1'(' 011
tillle. L.etВ· s not fail." '
Pdl'ulclIlIl prodllt'b pIny a ,'it :d pan in e\lВ·r~В· ,~I"'p a ud
phi-1St of ewВ·r), military mall's udi\itics froll! the fir~l
IllnJlH'nt of iLI'III )' life to til(' last, 1101 too di~litnt , we ho pC',
IIlOlllt'lll of delllohilization. ,\Iwa)'!' the ma~ic o f petroleum
is I,nilli.stcrill 10 I'\'('r~ w!.illl aml W;'Int of the fi ghlillg man.
o
tfanf;.pu rtin g) f('l!Jill;,!. 1II'IIItВ·dill;,!. 11I"llin::r: clf"aninJ.!:. anti
:llllu:-ing him.
man ri~kod their
liyes 10 deyelop the world of wings
•.. men like Curtin, whose olperimenh
gove U~ Iho seoplone.
I. Tho Flight Log 01 oYiotion progross
beg on on DocembD'r 17, 1903, when tho
Wright Brothers mode mon's fird sucВ·
cessful flight, ot Kitty Hawk, North
Carolino.
2, Countloss doring
of. Today's plono is Ihe story of men
who dored . II iE tho story, 100, of deВ·
'igneno sponding hours OYOr thoir
boards . . . ond 01 petroleum scientists
in tIt.ir loborolorios, deyeloping luols
to pow.r plones, Thoirs is the 5tory of
g0501in. ond of the age of flight,
5. Turning bod the pages 01 the Log
we find thot 0 gosoline engine wos tho
sourco of power which lilted mon inlo
the skies. It was a comporatiyely lighl
engine. compoct, ond using 0 concenВ·
Irotod, oosily corried luet gosoline,
3. Then como Iho pionocrs, tho countВ­
loss coplpins 01 eorly mail and passonВ­
gor flights; test pilots who tried each
no..... deYD'lopmenl and wroto new pogos
in the log.
6. But 05 mon's mastery of the oir grew.
he lookod lor bollor planes, ond for
more po..... erful. more efficionl engines.
By 1916 on engino ..... 0$ porfected which
devoloped 2-4 h.p. per 100 Ibs. of
weight. This wos good . . . but nol
good onough.
7
6
I
ErLl!irw ( I(В·~il!"rlt"r~ (~<trly rCj'O;!lIiZ4,d Ih"l IJri~ rllt'drarlinrl raltlt' elL'IIIВ·nelt'. 1 in ~UIIIC "it )' vI I tho cc)lIlprc~siuu ratio
tltat i~. tlw P.xtl,'"L ill w!ri ch tl\(~ mixture fir air anti ga:-olillL' wa:-- ('om pressed beforu th e spark plug ignited il. They
j,"Lf'W lhat , in t!J('Lny. tilt: higlwr til(' t;o mprcss iull rati u , the mort,' t'lliri('llt the Cll g iJJ(' , Ihc III OI'C power it would deli ver
I,,'r potllll:1 t) f c n g irw wtВ·j;!hl. Bul lIut:.IILted cnprgy pounding: wi lh IIIf' ~lIdd( ' lLness and Coree of a ~ll 'd&c hammer .. , \\Cilcl
pO\\'L'1" .. . lill;r:dly tori' <III t'It;ВЈilll! "part , s hortencd ils life 8))<ln ami cflidLoВ·lIcy. \Villl II Ifm' compression rati o gaso lin e \\ itS
;\ \\c"'В·hellll\'4'd ftll~ l , for il prvdLlel"d powcr by gCIIII )' pushing )';:1111('1" IILaIl Il1Imni ~ rin g it. Bul the low compression ell g ill t:~
Ilad 10 he lurge <lIld henvy to deli ver Ih(, PO\\'I'I' dl'ma nd ed by planc' dc'~i!!I1I'rs:. In lire bboratory, th e tes Le ng i11 e c ont ilLllt~ d
il~ ;\ll\il I'horu s a s the ruci Sl.;ic nti s t s co nlinlll'd f'o carchi.ng and l!xl"..' riLllClilill g .
I
7. Man hod
wings.
but
hi s horizons
wcrc lim ited . for he carried 100 much
deadweight in proportion 10 the useful
load .
8. Th e
problem
of
reduc ing
doad.
weight wos rocog nized by desigMrs .
manufactu rors. and petroleum sdanВ­
lists . . . who won I 10 work o n the
problem.
9. During World War 1. when war rook
to the a ir, this u~oleu woight 01 hcovy
engine! and e:lllro fu e ls mean t socdВ·
fices in speed ond in armor.
16. And so, pending the development
o f a b.,tter gasoline, engines hod comВ·
pr c Hion rotios 01 ohout 4 to I .
17. But thero wos 0 new mork to shoot
at . , . 0 new d itcove ry 01 a rare
combinotion 01 otom, . . . Iso-Oelo ne.
18. It would not ~nod in high comВ·
pression ong ines, but it cod $25 <11 galВ­
Ion. too expensive lor commerciol use,
bur cheop as 0 mcosu ring stid.
Purr- Iso-Octan e was rated at 100 ... the t.hcorctit;ally ideal fuel. Then, just as a scale of swetlness cou ld be made by
1I1i..xillg vaf)' ing amount s of sweeLand so ur, so all ULlti-k.l1 ock YlH"dsti ck W/.I S made b)' mixin g th e hi gh anti-knock fu el, ]50В­
Iho hmdesl kno cking fu cl, normallt cptatlt!. Thi s yardstick, t.he ocLane sc,de, gm'c peLrolcum scienlists a standВ­
ard by ",hid) they could compare and eva luate tile I:ollunerc iul fu cls of th e da y ... and it. ga ve them a goal of 100 OCl.an e
()!"(alH' wilh
10. Petrol eum r escorc h storied with the
basic materia l of th e petroleum scienВ·
ti st, crudo oil.
. from d ucp in the
earth.
13. From complox com binations of
those aloms we get gosolino. It is then
put to the lost in speciol engines me
those.
a
II . Crude is separated. by boiling Of
d istillot ion . into those componMt porls,
such as gosoline . kerosene , and fuol
oils.
104. A hard. motallic. clatter means the
fu ol is oxploding violently. It is de liver.
ing power, bul power by uncontrolled
combu1tion.
12. Gosollne is not a si mple chemical
compound, but 0 mi.:rure of corbon ond
hydrogen otoms .
to 0 chemisr they
might look likf! this.
15. Sci e ntisls know that 0 higher comВ·
prossion rotio WOI noceuory, but with
fuels avoiloblC! 0 roting al high os 7 to I
wos on invi lol ion to trouble.
III ~ hll ol. for.
19, Scientists could moke 0 mixture
e quivalent to 60% ho-Octone ond add
4O~o normal hoptone. The result was
bO В·o ctonr: gOloline .
20. At Sholl Deve lopment's 'aboro_
torics they were convinced thai 0 90'0В­
line could be creoted with a higher
raling , , . perhop, oven IOO-oclane .
21. This 5tondord. if atloined, would
open VOlt new horilons to tho growing
Age or Flight: but Ihey had to beor in
mind rhol crude varied greotly, even
Irom well to wetl.
9
~
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.. a _
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_
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_
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A:
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.
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22. They knew tho gosol inol, 100, Yo В­
ried . By onolYling an d testing mony
gosoline5, keeping on ly thc bost in anti.
knock quality, tho y blended 0 70 oclone
roting . moking it possible to build on В·
gines with .0 h.p. lor cacJ, 100 fbI , 01
woight.
23. Mean time thoy di scovere d that th o
addition of small quantities of cortain
chomicols lono 0 roro compound of
lead' helpod bring tho fu el und or conВ·
trol and increo sed Iho oclono roling .
The relult was an jncreo~e in pow er per
pound. But the new discoveries could
only do so much . • . resoorch con­
tinued .
24. During thoso yean of research in
petroleum, come parallel research and
prog ress in the sky. Working hand in
han d with petroleum scientists, tho
plane designer brought forth new deВ·
velopme nts .
I
31. The U. S. Army Ai, Corps promptl y
placod the first co mm e rc ia l ardo r fo r
100 octane gasoline wi th Shell.
32. From a Shell rofinory come the fin!
shipment .. 1,000 gallons lor telling.
Then como more and more ardo rs.
33. Test pilots mode the I~y a prov ing
ground .. . and established 100 octane
gOlo lin. as a military neceuity.
34. Slill Sh oll's scionliSIS cont inued reo
search to find n.w methods for mo.ing
lowor cost 100 octane. They returned fa
the laboratories and the croding units
of the refineries.
35. And to a gas with wh kh thoy hod
previously worked , and a simila r ono,
iso-butane. From the two molecules
thoy fashioned . in a single stop, 0 gasВ­
oline rich in iso-octane.
36. This tremendous discovery , ol.y loВ­
lion, eliminated Ihe exira step of addВ­
ing hydrogen . • . and raised the po­
tentia l high octane output te n-fo ldl
ror:rJ..':W<l;tJ
7
25. The first ships designed for a irma il
look to Ihc air. Ro gular pouongor 'orВ·
vico was inaugurated , thon Oouglol airВ·
liners revolulionil.od transportation, corВ·
rying large numbcn 0 1 pouc ng t!fs.
26. New p la nes, engines, and fuels
meant that deadwe ight shrank, useful
load increased. Ceilings become highe r,
speeds foster! But me n of research
wonted tine r gasoline for tiner planes
• • • in Ihe new Age o f Flight.
27. Their research ' ed to on amazing
discovery . It hinged on on earlier disВ­
cov(lry, a
process which literally
croded mol ecules o f crud o, creati ng
now compounds: one ho-bulelone • . .
$2 40
PER
GALLON
~
I
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LESS TIIAN
I/.
/10
28. Chemists succoedod in joining two
of thosc mol ecul., in 0 specific way
... this fint step is polymerilotion.
10
29. Sut the molecule was not complete;
by hydroge nation h. add ed two otoms
of hydroge n: result . . . 100 octano
gasol ine . . • America's supe r. fu el.
rN
30. The Age of Flight hod now truly
downed. Shell hod found a process to
manufacture iso-oclo n. 01 a cos, of
oneВ·tenth its former price.
't-=-::::: ~
37. It made pouiblo todoy's e ng inos,
which d.liver almost a hundred h.p .
per hundred fbs. of weight.
38. This fu el has modo possible today 's
planes wl,ich trave l at fantastic speeds.
39. If helped ma ke possible ceiling s
reaching into the sub-s tra tosphere.
11
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40 . This suporluol hos s'rol che d Iho
rang e of b ombing missions 10 unbeВ­
lievable distances . .. whi le increasing
thoi, carrying capacity e ight. lald. The
now 829 wi ll hovo a three thousand
milo crui sing ronge, i,s capacity a mil В·
ilory sccrel.
41 . Ground hos buon b ro ke " to build
new and la rg e r refineries, AI Wood
Riyor Refin e ry a new ca ta lytic crock В·
ing plont hos just ope ned : now 100 ocВ­
lano pl an ts oro oponing in la rg o num В·
b ors through out Iho coun try .
12. Today the prico 01 100 oclono hos
bocome as low a s Iho re la il prico of
ord inary gosoline, p roduc.tion hos in В­
c; rooscd to millions of borrels, 10 lutll
fighting pian os, instead 0 1 0 me re low
hund red bar ro ls each yoor.
Milling crowds po d railroad locilit ios th cno b usy worllme days .
. , Th j ~ sho ws Now Yor", Pe nnsyl ... o,..io 510 110 '" on a busy oll or,..oon.
241 TRIPS AROUND THE WORLD A ll Ihis has bee n wade
po~ i bl e
by Ihe Arn er ic.HI p etrole um iliduSlry"s illgclluil y . . . by now and
I'n.ccsscs suc h as c.1 ln l ) tic cruckin g, ~lnd iso me rlzeHi o n und many others. Becau.se of lhese di scoveri es 100 U("illW'!'>
llrice has been co nLilluallr lowcred .
Toda y, ns cl esi1jl1Ns are c rea Lin g eve r hi gher powered, faster. mo rc dev,"lslalin g plnnes, the fuel sc ie lLti st i ~ c r('atilli!'
IlI'lIer, mom lJowerful fu els . . . a nd hus a lrea dy sUI"I)Rssed hi s fonne r measu ri ng sl ick of pc rrC\~li o ll.
The ;.:(: i~! nlific mall nf o il, purl ne r of th e pla ne and Cll p:i ne designer. by hi s mira (') ('S of petrnleum chNni ~t r y . kl ~
Ili ad e possible dead l), aud ~ В· tr('(: t i\(В· W('ap OIIS, undrc:tmed of only a fe\\, YCIHS ago.
Thrllugh "wi!" lCillIl\\ o rk i.lnd pt·rS'·"f' r'lI]("e. th e pf'lr oJ('um ~:("i(, lIl i s: t. th e- ('n~!'ill(, IlJallufil C' tu rf'r .•Ind Ih ~' JI) :IlI~'
dn.. igllc r ~Irl' IOl lay "rilill)! \idt)l"in u ~ war hi !'>!.c)!"}" ill lhc~ ~k ) . . . Il lI' pre lurle t (1 a 11 (' \\ aurl ;!llIriulI!'> ,1l5.t' nr ni l.dtt yd
IlIlH'co rclcВ·d ill Ihe" Fli;!ht I.CI;! fl f Ulau'!'> .В·ClIICIII(':o.1 of 1111" <IiI'.
12
by Herbert Squires
revo luti o na r ~
H E I.ime : any hour froll! ni ne in Ihe mo rnin g unlil
we ll afl.er five in Ihe evc ning. The place : a co rner
of Ihe nonh side of Lho 3ilh noor in Hea d Office.
The cast : A. C. F. Hult gren. MUllage r or Shell's Traffic
Depa rtmen t ; B. F. F'iurell : HII Ass iSltlll1 to Mr. Hult gren;
.l a llc~ McLeull. Traffic Clerk ; and her assistnn t.s. Anne
!lll II IH". Ka tll rY II Cosby ~lIld Pauline Ci.I La rcvas.
\ .. li lt' c' urtain r i~('s n it o llr pla Y1 Itl('s:~e n g('ri; arC' !'> t n 'amВ·
T
ing in and out of the scene. SO Il1 C ore brin A"iu g e ll\ el u p l:~
to IVI iss :P.1cLea n's telcphoneВ·andВ· tilllcВ·ta bleВ·cl uu cred desk,
while oLhers nrc leavi ng wil h simi lar envclOI)CS. T" lc.
gm ms :Ire de li ve red while other telegnllllS are beillg
sCllI out. The phol1 es rin g ( pra l.:licaJl y nevc r docs Olle
rill g alolle, inc\ilHbl r two or Iltorf' r ing allhc same lilll!.: )
and iVli:-:s Me L e-Itll m a n ;lf!CS 10 answer Iltenl siIII II Ir a lit.."
1I1Ii'ly. litВ·)" a ~s i ~lalll,F da ~ 11 hlwk ;111(1 forth. (ItВ·ea ~ i (,II;III,В·
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li ons CO \'c r s uc h far.flun g te rr itory it is o nl y natural that
Illan y Shell employees must visit such widely sepa rated
cities as Atla nta a nd Los Angeles, St. Louis nnd Sa n
fran cisco, Ne w QrlcnJ'ls and New Yo rk, or a ny a nd a ll
of SlteWs di\r!s ions, re hne r-i es an d areas, Frequ entl y a
sin gle tri p covers ma ny o f lhese location s a nd it requires
.'1 great deal of ca l'c[ui planning. Freq uently, Loo, lhe tr ip
lIla y be th e result of a last- minute decision . An e ngineer
rna y be urgen tl y needed a t \\700d Ri ve r find ha \'c to leave
his offi ce w'ilhi.n a few hours. In o rdinar y li mes, a p lane
would be th e o bvious Hn swe r. Bu t in these wartime days
m.ost a irplane travel mu st be a pproved by e ithe r a n
Ann y Prio rity Board, a Na vy P ri ority Boa rd , or by
the p.A .\,r. Naturall y, it just isn' t poss ible to gel th esc
~Ipproval s in H ve ry sh o rt lime. So th e only solution is Cl
train . . . and most trains a re cro wded to ca pacit y o n
almo st eve ry trip.
W hen a necessary business trip is planned suffic ie nLl y
in :ld\l:lnce Mi ss Mcl.ea n lea rns th e detail s an d helps plan
th e itinera r y. She ca ll.s a railroad sta tion to find o ut what
space is (l vnibb1 e :l.nd a ttempts to rese rve the bes t
poss ible space o n th e most co nve ni ent train. Often she
finds that no! a t.hin g is ava ilable on th e pre ferred tra ins,
~lnd she has no choice; th e nex t best acco mmod ation s
mu st do, o r perhaps the ilinerary mu st be changed. One
of the factors I.hat may affect the ti me and co urse of
tnwe l is Ih e last-minut.e ca ncellatio n. Many times it is
quite imposs ible 10 fo resee even ts, and these cancc llaВ­
Li ons ca nnot: be avo ided. But the re are times when beller
preliminar y plann in g ca n eliminate them. Howeve r, the
last minut e ca ncellatio n ca n he a g reat help to Mi ss
McLea n- when the olher fellow does the ca ncellin g.
Occasionally they do co me in at just the crucial mom enl ,
wh en she is desperatel y tr ying t.o make co nnecti ons f o r
o ne of Shell's necessary tra vel ers, and when thi s happens
16
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he is se nl fII crril r o n hi s wa y.
T here arc times wh en all of Miss McLea n's tact a nd
powers of persuasion ca nn ot produce th e rnu ch-needed
t ickets at Lhe proper tim e. \ Vhcn tiJ.i s happens, she ca lls
in Mr. Farrell, \'lho keeps th e tel ep hone wires hu mm in g
until he mak es the proper contaclS, and the ti ckets ap pCHr.
And if he sho uld be stymi ed in his search for t.h e elusive
pastebollrds, Traffic l\1anager A. C. F. Hult gre n goes
int"o nctio n. Of co urse t.he re a re tim es \\В·hen <111 th ree of
SheWs tra ffic experts arc busy on th e wires tr ying to
sec ure th e a ll-im po rta nt tran spollcll ioll. It is s uO:ic ient
to say, to a dd o ne word to th e mott o of the Ro ynl
Ca nadian No rlhwest l\1"o unted P oli ce, th at II they <11w<1Ys
get th eir man TI-lERE! "
Last yea r well ove r f o ur th oll sa nd individ ua l o rd e rs
for passenger tl'a nsporta ti o n were ha ndled tbrougu t.bi s
o ne o Ui ce. This does fl ot inclu de the co unt.l ess requests
fo r no n-co mpany purchases wh ich th e Traffic De partВ­
ment a lso a Ltempts to handle. For a quick bird's-eye picВ­
ture, Shell's H ead Office s pent: over two hundred lhouВ­
sa nd dollars o n tickeLs du ri ng 1943. Based on the
passe nge r r:H,e of 31; per В·m.il e, the number of mil es
tra ve led would be almost six milli on--or lh e equi vnlCllt
of 241 tri ps around the world. I\nd thi s mil eage is jll~t
a pa rt of th e Lota l number of miles tra ve led by ShfВ· 1I
people, since th ese fi g ures incl ud e only th e tra vel acco rn В·
modatio ns arrnnged lhrou gh th e H ead Office. Trans porlil.
ti o n prov ided by the variolls areas, refineries a nd milrВ­
keting di visions wou ld boost th e total mil ea ge im В­
mensely. Every person in ench office who has a role ill
Ihis tremendou s drama of move ment is carryin g :111
unusua]1y hea vy load in these crowd ed war da ys. A nd
it is Lo th eir everla stin g credi t that the wo rk goes o n
smoothl y <md effi cientl y, and they get t"he ri ght man 10
tbe ri ght place tit th e ri ght time.
TAX
TIME~S HERE
AGAI N by R. V. .Hiller
ill gr. Financi.a/,
M
ARCH 15th will be he re befo re yo u reali ze it.
Aod yo u kn o w whal th at means-your 1943
In come Tax Hetum lllllS t be filed with th e
Collector of 1ntern a l Reve nu e o n or before that date.
S ince more t.hnn 50 million Am eri ca ns will fil e an InВ­
come Ta x R eturn lhis yea r, yo urs wiJI be fa r f rolll th e
o nly headache ca used by fi g urin g up dedu ction s and
exe mpli ons, allowa nces and credit s on th ose rathe r comВ­
plica ted bl"nks.
Assisting You
To a ss ist yo u in prepnring yo ur Tax Return s, a specia l
s upplement - " T he Em plo yees Ta x Guide':- is enclosed
in l.hi s iss ue of Shell News. This bookl et has bee n comВ­
pilecl and checked by indepe nd en t tax experts a nd ce rВ­
tifi ed public acco untants, a nd it sho uld prove helpful to
yo u il S YO Il di g down deep int o yo ur pocketB ook for
U ncle Sa m,
Who Must File?
.
\ViII you, hal'e to fil e an Income Tax HeLurn for 1943'
The Answer is definiLely "yes" if )'OU co rne into any of
the follo win g ciassificlltions : a single person who se total
i_lIcome was S500 or lTIOTe ; a married perso n whose
indi vid ual inco me wa s over $624; every hu sba nd a nd
wife wh ose co mbined incomes were S1;200 o r morej
1'0..,<
Dept..
an d eve ry indi vidu,d who pa id o r owed a tax on 1942
i ncomc.
Armed Forces
Ce rtain consideration s a nd a ll owances .He given to
Incmbers of the a rmed forces and th e ir famili es o r deВ­
pend ents, alLhou gh servicemen and women a rc not. exВ­
empted f rom the lax. A member of th e armed fo rces, in
estimating hi s o r her inco me, does not have 1.0 pa)' a ll }'
tax on the first 51 ,500 of se rvice pay,В· but if se rvice pHy
is less th a n $ 1,500 a nd he or shc receives other income,
th e unu sed po rtion of th e s pecial exemption ca nn ot be
used Lo offset' th e ot.her income. 1f the soldier, SAil o r, o r
madne is se r vin g outside of the Unit.ed Stat.es, he does
not have to file a return until a fter th e wa r Or until he
return s ho me. A wi fe who se hu s band is o"erse~I S may
postp one filin g a reLurn unLjl he co mes back to thi s
co untr ), unless she has an income of her ow n of 51,200
or mo rc. Special informa tion for t.hose in Lhe anned
forces ma y be found on P a ge 18 of the bookl et.
A Work Sheet
A '1 \~/o rk Sheet" is printed on t.he back page of th e
Employees Inco me Tax Guide, with t.h e total s and vllriВ­
Oti S columns Ukeyed" t.o the var iou s lines and pages of
yo ur Tax Return. This Work Sheet rder!O. II) th o man\'
17
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:\ wurd lUi;!111 1.11' ~aitl ,В·ullc,В·ruing lilt" ::: pccilll rules
:l.ppli(В·aJ.lc.- tn ;!aill~ olllCi 105:>e5 OIL the :-;<litВ·; or cxC'lmnge of
!';ll'ilal ;I.;;~!'t s: _ \dlidl :O\lIbjj'j'l is lIot co\В·cn.: d in Ihe book.
11'1. Fur lIlt' o rdinary taxpayl~ r 'В·capital <l sset:'"" mC~lJI ~
:,lOcks, bunds :Ind olher securities. If held over s ix
monlh s sll ch Et sseLs are long-term. and onl y 50 % o f ;HI)'
gHin or loss is take n into acco unt. The tax is in tum
limited to 5070, thu s res ulting in an effecti ve tax of
25 % o n the total long.term gain. Jf held fo r not mo re
than six mo nths they a re short-I.er"" a nd 100 % of any
gHin or loss is ta ken int o acco unt. The trea tm ent of
ga ins and losses after applicati on of the forego in g perВ­
cen tages may be s1I.Iuma rized as foll ows :
Gains or Losses
all o wan ces and deductions whi ch nrc item ized thro ugh.
out th e Guide itself. II ma y be poss ibl e fo r yo u to save
dollars by us ing th e Wo rk S heet, an d it wiiJ ce rt ainl y
IHake the preparation of your Tux Return mu ch C!.:1sicr
and simpler. So be sure to use the \Vork S heet as it is
~lIggest ed in the Guide. IL's there to hel p yo u.
Prepare Now
'It is best to begin preparing yo ur Tu x Return ea rly
So that yo u will not have to ru sh t~ JHlt Some hurried
lielll'cs o n th e blallks h i th e "wee s mall ho urs" a fter
midni ght On March 14-th in orde r to gel your Return
filed by the 15th. Hastily prepa red returns are quite
apl to be inco rrect, and they may also prove costl y to
you
illld
your family.
If n ll.lxpa ycr ha s both a nel short-term ga in a nd a
net long- te rm gain, C<1ch is handl ed separa tel y, i.e., the
short ..t enn git in is tHxed in full as o rdinary inco mej the
long- term ga in is taxed On the alternntivc basis whi ch
in elrect li mi ts the maxilnum tax to 25%. A net shortВ­
term ga in, as reduced by a net lo ng -term loss, is taxed
in fuD as ordina ry in com e. A net lo ng.term ga in, as
redu ced by i\ net sho.rt-t erm loss, is taxed On an ah ernaВ·
ti ve basis whi ch in e ffeCt" li mit.s the tax (" 0 a ma ximum
25 % _ Finall y, a net loss, either short. or long.term , is
ded uclible against a ta x-payer's oth er income up to
1,000. An y excess Dlay then be carri ed over to the
fi ve s ucceedin g years and appU ed first aga inst a nct
ca pital ga in, either sho rt o r lon g, in ea ch of those YCilfS
:1I1d then agai nst other inco me to the extent o f SI ,OOO.
Residence Rentals
Ce rUlin other spcci;.d rules g ivin g the ta xpa ye r the
privilege of us iu g the ca pital gni.n and loss provi sions,
appl y to land and improvements lIsed in trade or bu.siВ­
ness which would include res id ences rented pd o r to sale.
Amounts Withheld
Cheek Your Records
So, befo rc yo u bcgin to fi Jl out your actual Inco me
Ta x Hclurn, stud y th e "'fo rk S heel. Assembl e the fig ures
required th ere fr om your own perso nal fin a ncial records
and fr o m th e informati on that Shell will give you o n
Ftili ruar y 15th co ncernin g your Own in co me and th e
;;wit'ldlOlding" tax. Hen d ove r the por ts of the Guide
\\В·hich pert a in to yo ur parLicuhlr income, deductibl e exВ­
pt"uses, an d ol.her items. Stud y th e exemptions and cred- .
its tha t yo u may take. \~/h en all of your not es und
Il )Yl.lres nrc assembled and the Work S heet is co mpleted,
il is th en time to begin fillin~ out the actual t"x blanks.
'You t..1H\ proh:.hly .t1rt~at.ly received these blanks by
IIlnii if rO ll filed a r('lllnl la~J ymlr. If not, you Illa y
ohtain 111t'1I1 at nlnlMt all )' I,auk or pO~loffir.r..
18
Amounts withheld by the company are appli ed n ga in ~t
the tota l ta x du e. If the umo unt withheld is g realer thnn
yo u r La x li,lbiHty, tJ1 e In"" mak es pr ovi sion f or a qu ick
r efund by g rantin g th e Collector of Internal Revenue
auth o rity to r eturn the overpayment (where il. does not
exceed 51,000) to you, or you ma y, if you wi sh, have
such o verpa yment appli ed as a credit a gain st your 1944
li a bililYВ·
This year, with our a rm ed for ces pushin g on to Vi cВ­
tory with in creasin g mi ght on every fronl., it is mon'
important thHn ev~r thnt t.hey have nil the thin g~ they
need for thi s tremendou:5 bnttle. Every l\mcrir:au ~ hould
be proud and g lad to pa y his or her share. of tht~~e tl1xes
as ,1 perso nnl r:o ntriblltiou toward winning the war and
l1l"ingiu g Ollr fi.ghting men :!nfely home Heain_
Fishin9. whilo not 0 moior port 01 Now York C ity's living , is. neverthe less, importont. Howard
Beach. in Queen... has lew stree h. mony conols, and th.o resident.. row from house to house.
and to do th.eir shopping.
Photos by Lt. Hnbc ,./ l~ d ''''IfI .
Air Corps , Qnd P/IIВ·I~p Wollnd,
THIS, TOO, IS NEW YORK
by Norman Walters
T
IfREE a nd n half years ago, r evers ing Ameri ca's
gcHt'l"al westwa rd trend, a mass migrati on occu rred
WhNI 400 Shell crnployees and th e ir fa mili es ca me
Easl from 5 1.. L o ui s 10 the combin ed new H ead Office i n
New York'~ Ra di o C it )'. T hose hectic moving d ays will
be talk crl ilhout for years b y all who were either a pa rL
o f the IIIO V/В· . o r who he lped m ake it poss ibl e.
A ll ill all ove r a th ousa nd persons came to Ne w Yo rk.
To lIIoSI nl' Ihern it was [I n adven ture whi ch they greeted
willi IIli....,;{В·d emoti o lls. \\7hiJe S I. Loui s is fa r fr om a
smail to\\'I1 , ind eed is Ih e hea rt of t.he middle-west, obviВ­
oU:'i ly it is d war fed by th e largest cit y in the wo,ld. Some
of Ihose who ca me to New Yo rk were o ri g inall y smallВ·
H)wll residents who had looked with trepid ati on up on
the events whi ch took thom to SL. Lo ui s . . . no w lhe
change to New Yo rk wa s looked upon with n mi xture of
awe, wouder, s us pi cion, a nd ho pe.
Toda y t.ll(' ge neral renclion is o ne o f s urprise. New
Yo rk is nut Ih e cit y they had ima gi ned, not th e c il )'
piccc.d togelhe r from tales of those who had spent a few
hours or even a few months in the metropolis. They feel
that. the COllntry at la rge doesn ' t begin to kIl OW, and
IWHet! apl)l'!' d nt e . Ihe cit )' as a whole. The piclure o f
Nj~ w Yo rk Ih ey prcv i o ll ~lr had wa s that po ri rayed hy
the m oti oD picture, radi o, goss ip columns, and popular
fict ion.
T hey have d isco ve red tha t Ne w Yo rk is vcry little
diffe rent fr om other A meri clI ll ci ties ; the peo ple are the
sa me, fri endl y when you get to kn ow them ; Ihe buildings
a re higger bUl .. .
Ne w York, to most Ame ri ca ns, is Wa ll Street, BrondВ·
way, a nd Fifth Avenue j fashi ona ble stores, ni ght clubs,
ta ll buildings, an d o pening ni ghts. Tru e _ .. aU of these
arc a part of th e g reat cit y, but j ust a parl.
To ma ny A meri cn lls (a nd so me New Yo rkers ) BrookВ­
lyn is their comic cousin, home of a peculiarl y dnft
baseball team , llnd people wh o spenk with an odd
acce nt ; th e Bronx is a n o UIВ·ofВ·th eВ· way, qu ee r so rt of
pl ace; :M ll llhHLti1n , Ihe heclic busi.ness a nd pl e~l s ure ce nter
of the wo rld; Queens a st ran ge, unknown pa rt ; whil e
Richmond (Staten h land ) is ra rel y eve n t.h ought of as a
part of th e Cit )' of New Yo rk_ Yet each bor ough IS Just
o ne fifwl o f the g ren t city, cllch no more "New Yo rk "
tha n Ihe other.
Of co urse, a large percentage of " New Yo rkers" d on't
oCluaB y live in Ih e city_ There are ten s of t.h ous.mds
who, cHch lllomin g, dash for the 8 :] 1 from New noehe-lle.
Sear~dal c. Or \\' hilt, Plnins in \Veglchcslc.r Co unty ( IIMth
19
IIf
till' f'ity ) : IItllt'l'~ frlltll (;;11'11,'11 Cit}, 1I1 :l1lp~ t ('al l.
"II'
III U)II IhowВ·:tll,l ~ 111' Ilal, ~ f'il rriagl':-O an ' "lrlВ·(В·I,В·" Il y fOlld
parcHt:". who (';til , if they \\ i:--h. ~ il 011 ,IllY of th e tll oll.
:-auci:-o o f 111'111'111'[0: \\hich II\I'rI'lnk till' pidllr('..;q lh' lIud ~o ll
HiqВ·j' ;11111 the II l '\\ t'\:JlI"l':-O~ hi l::.:II\";I~ 10 \"\\ EII;:dulld,
'1'111' park Ila:-- ( В·CI~JJ1lh!s:-- lenllis ('111 11"1 ". Il":wk:--. hi t..:) dl'
palhs, dan ce fl oo rs :tnd 1'0111'1' rinks.
Crowd ed :MВ·<ln haltan's fa rll o us Ce ntral Park is just n
hal f- mil e enst of th e Drive. [I is so L:IIВ·se that when ove r
a million people nn nu nli y nttend " I Arn An American
Da y" th ey only partinlly fill two of its many t rC IlIendou5
lawns , , , a Illere fl'aCli oll of th e pa rk. On jls lakes and
ponds Ne w Yo rkers cnjl'Y rowi llg ill summ er, sklltin g in
wi nt erj fi nd on its hills a rc ma ll Y skie rs. Bul "crowded"
Mn nhallan's pri ze jJosse~s i o lt is Fo rt T ryo n Park Ilca l'
(1)(' 1I0rih ern tip , In th e shttdo w of giga ntic Ceorge
\\ aslJingto n Brid ge, jt is co ns idered by ex peri enced tnnВ·
d e I'S to be one of the wo rld's 1Il0st beau tiful purk:::,
Scatt ered throughout th e borough (as ill all of tlte
t'ilY's boroughs) are nwn y o:.c hools, o ld a nd ncw, Some
arc architectura l gems sud I as H un te r College 0 11 Pnrk
Avcnu e. The Hi gh School or Music a nd Art i. One or
the ve ry few such high !3chools in Alilerica. A lso promi.
nelll in the scheme of Ma nh attan life is f,IIll 0US ColuntiJi n
University wh ich covers ma ny neres of the wo rld's most
expensive Iflnd ; a lso, bra nches 01' Ne w York Uni\'ers it )1
alld Fordharn which occ up y buildillgs in lower lVfnn.
hattan,
]11 1\ lno.hatt ;1I1 Ihe apartmellt hOll se reigns supreme,
Tn th e neighb orin g IJv l"ough of Ihe Bronx, :I S well us lite
oth er boroughs, th o apurlm enl Jl ouse js graduaU}' reВ·
placing the pri va tc hOlne. Sur prisingly, th e last ce nSlIS
rc\'c.:,ls that mo rc ~e w Yorkers li vc in private horn es thull
in il l):trt mcnls.
Bu t the mud. mn ligllcd lJo r o u g h or the Bronx ht ys
just claim 10 th c lIl o~ L beauLiful resi denliul sed ion of
the entire cil)' , , , Hh erda le. Situaled no t far north
of the Spuyten Du yv j( Creek) which se parates ]'1".tIlh at В·
tan and th e Bronx, it i ~ n co millu nit y or privitle ho mes.
The prominent (Tosc<Hlini, alld John Ki e ru n o[ InforВ­
mati on l) lcnsc rame, ror instflll cc) ;:r nd the average Ne w
Yo rke r Ji ve side by s ide 0 11 ac reage vury in g from a fracВ·
ti olt of nn tl cre to large f 'HIIlS, This is one of Ihe many
part s of the cit y whi el l ~Iill hr:l1" the rooster's m o l'ltin~
crow,
Hi vel'dl.1 le houses l\'hlnllfltIHlt C o ll ege, whi c.h (sorn eВ·
",ital Iypi cal or New Yo rk ) is Olle of th e fc\\' co ll eges
with no build ings in l\1"3I1ha tl.itll , Below th e hill s of
Hiverdnlc is \lun Cortlandt Park . scene of Hevo luti olHll'Y
battles, home of one of the ;\ mericn 's firsL golf co ursc:-,
no\\' a publi c links. The Bronx. wi der th,an it is long,
!3tn.В·l ches m:H1 y mi les to the Ca s!. On il5 hroad ~tret ch es
:lI'C mllny of th e cit y's 13rgest park.:,.,
Across Long ]8land SO lllld ~ ::-0 11111 from Ihe Bronx, is
(.lIl Cl'II S, hl r~cst , fa Slr st ~ro\\ iu~' borongh.
QrH!fВ· n s i (o:;
I))"
urII' of
lIIall~' l ,tllll! 1 ~ lalld In\\II!' I ca~t of til e c ity ) :
.1IIt! (.'lillII !Ic:,s o tlll 'l' C
;Ollllllllkri:i \\ 110 f'O llle from (IIII'
IIri ),!ldlllrin g $1:t1t~5 of \l'\\ .Icr~er <Iud COlIlIl'l'Iieul. Each
of th eir cOlfllrtunities is similar 10 Ihose in all ~talc':-: ...
To mo~t Ne ..... Yorkers St, Po lri d', Cathedral is represtln lotivo 01 Ne..... York's churches, ' , but th ore are many similar 10 tho Flotbu1h Dutch Relorme d Church in Brookly n, Rece nt stotistic\ sho..... that the
Stole 01 Ne ..... Yo rk has th o hi ghest perce ntag e of churchgoers in Ihe
e ntire 48 stotcs,
The horsa is not the lar90llo n animal in city lifo , These stable s on
Monhollon's 24th Street hovo boe n in business lor ov e r sevenlyВ·five
years and "businen ..... as neV(lr beller ,"
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co mpJetdy selfВ·conta ined, wit h 10Cid offici;.'lls, :--tun ')l, ;rwl
theatres. But there is One greaL differe nce , , , allllll:,t
their entire male population works in New Yurk City.
Since Ma nh attan js th e best kn ow'-n boro ugh PCl'ltall:'
it js best to sta n our Lour of th c Ncw York YOU dOll't
kn ow in that overВ·publicized pill ee. A smaller p el'CCllliI ;.!:I'
of Shcll omployees li ve in Man hatt.a n lhan jn lilly otlll'r
borough excepLing little Ri chm ond. 1n fact fewer SII~ ' 11
empl oyees I1 vc in Monhallil fl than lUake the long 4,.;0 111 ,
muter's t rip. T he probahle exp bn:ltion is th at our rr llll\\В·
workers in Head Office llrc stiU co unLqr folks nt hcal!.
wh o prcfer the wide opcn spaces to th e more con fill ill;,!
parts or the c ily.
But hero in Manbattan th cre C.1 11 be comrortilbJ e li vill{!'.
with th e added adva ntage of convenie nce. For instfllll't'.
a nUl'ube l' or Shell peo ple li\le in Tudor Cit y on famo us
42nd St. , o\В·erlooki ng Ihe East Ri ve r a nd Long Island.
It js just a fiftee n minut e stro ll across 42nd 51. a lld lip
5lh A venue to Radi o Cit y and is one o[ lIlHny 31)1lrtmcIlt
d evelopmenLs with large ga rdens And terraces,
Onc of th e feHl.ures of life in MnnhnllHn is Hllnder.
U
ground
li ving. You can wa lk amaz ing di i,lanCes
through li nd un der buildings without c\'er going ou l in
th e ~trcN. The advn ntages in bad wealher or heavy Irani c'
are obv ious. It js possible, fo r insta nce, to walk [roI l!
T imes Square to Pennsylvo lli n Stati on OT Macy's Dep~trt В­
m cn L S tore, without go ing outd oors. This is a distance
of over n halfВ· mile. In combinalion with Ne w Yo rl.. 's
ma rr y suhways th e IlIlIne ls make it possible to go u llll o~t
an ywhere wi th out gcttin g yo ur recl wet on 5n O\\ Y days.
~I c rc ill H:lll io Cit y a lmost eve ry conceivabl e type of
sho p is roun d in th e undergro und passages. On purti eu.
lurl ), storm y nights 51lcll co mmul ers, by ta kin g a f C \\i
subWit y traills, and wH lkin g through a few passages. CllII
go froUl I'htdio Cit y to Gra nd Cen lral T ennil1f11 (8 hairВ·
mile in a di ng-o na l d irecti on, with no direct trnnsp0 rlaВ·
ti on olher th a n t a x i) ,
F8IJliuOIr to all ltre New Yo rk's Times Squarc; 52 nd
Strect, :md th e financial di Slrict ; unfam ilia r arc neighВ·
borhoods within a fe w minut es from th ese more famo us
secti ons. Just onc subway exp ress stati on (tluec minut es)
frolll Times Square, a nd a minute's walk, is the now
reb uilt Ri ve rside Dri\IC wit h its tremendous purk .tIIL!
promenad e. Tbo park stretches for 7:&;2 miles to the
norlh . It has been built on filledВ·in hwd over what once
was th e Hudso n nj ve r 's cast bank. The unsight ly trarks
of th e New York Cent ral Ra ilroad have been cQ vcn'd
over and are co mpletely lost 10 sight and sound by t.lwir
coverinA of shrubs and trees. Here, duil y, Ih O Il:';II H l~
j
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f.Jow York ha s many s~yscraper schaats but the o ld "rural" schools
oncll' lor from the city prope r, are no..... surrounded by mode rn
buildings bUI are slill in use. Thi s is the annel to Ne ..... ta..... n
High Sc hool in Quoens, nol lor tram rhe si te 01 rho World 's Fai r.
The quiet d ig nity 01 Not re Dame Seminory is typicol of Richmond ,
rhe city's smallest borough.
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tВ·utllpo:--(В·d
tlf ,dtal
tВ·\I l1l1ll1l1lili l"~ .
IIIICI' \\a~
a ;.:rullp uf ~lIlall iIUit.:Pl"IHllВ· lIt
lIIillialtlrl' c jlic~
ill
Ih(' IIl"(' I\"CВ·~ .
1\1II 0 1l ~
tli elll ;trtВ· Ja('hull Hc iti'iIIS, SIlIlJi~~itl i; allti FonВ·В·... t II i 11:-.,
L:olllj>arati, c1) /11'111' Alallliallall ;llLd \\itliill ;1 half 110111" :-'
::'lIitW; IY or Lu:-:- ridL' 1','1' till' lltalt)' ~11tВ·1I elllployee::. who
nВ·~itl t; tlwrc.
Contrasts are a lo,cinoti ng port of Manhattan Ille . . here
in tho shadow 01 the Woldorf.Astorio Hotol. lawen looming
in the badground to the right, tho old and new mingle.
Further vIII
1111
LOll!! blalld ;trc Flushill,..
and Jalllai ca, mo re tli ~ lilllL Ltlll still within :>ubway re adl
of Manhatta n. Each of th ese secti ons h... s a cotupletl'
I)er:so n<lli t y of il s o wn , eaclt has it s o wn uMa in Street ,"
shoppi ng ce nters, <HId theatres.
Quee ns is unique in thai it h as sonte co mmunilic~.
ac tu a ll y part of the Cit y of New York , whi ch Call IJI'
reached o nly by railroad, 0 1' by lo ng co mbinations (If
bus nnd s ubwilY rides. Amon g th ese a re Fa r Hockaw<.l)',
Howard Beach, Ed ge mere, a nd otll er Lo ng Is land t O WII I'!.
Far Rockawa y, fo r exa mple: has everythin g that most
Ame ri ca n c ities have, a nd is cons ide mb ly mo re po puВ·
lo us than ma ny. H o wever, il is just a s muc h "Ncw Yo rk
City" as 42nd S treel, but :'It. th e same lirne ha s its OWII
definit.e identity. \Vhcn Blan y of it s 20,000 residents
boa rd th eir 8 :11, th ey rid e o n th e LOll!; Isla lid Railroad
for nearly nn hour, a t th e elld o f th:lt time th ey are still
in tbe cit y, just pullillg in to Penn S tatio n.
Fa r Rockaway and its neig hboring: secti ons h;) \'e so me
o f the fin est bC<lches on lh e east coast. New Yo rk, of
course, is one of the world's g reat sea po rt s, alld Queens
and BTookl yn both face th e Atlantic Ocea n. Queens has
ma ny of th e cit)" s remainin g farms, sharing Ihat disВ·
tincti on wil-h Stat en Isla nd , and cn n still bmlst of its cows,
hens, and oth er less urban crea tures.
Most New Yorkon feel lhol " everything happens in New Yor~ . " and perhaps Ihey
are right. Stolen Island (Richmond J has the only mink form in Ihc eastern slalcs.
22
Separated from V"l'f'II:; br all il1vi~iLlc LOIlIld.lry liue
is tht~ fabled horollg-i1 of BrooklYII. Ph),:o:iC'ully it is ~illliВ·
lar ttl QIIt~CIlS, ~'~Iallllilliall ur tlte Bronx; its pt.'opk esse,,В­
tiall), IllI' fo:IIIIIC, . . . yet lh (~l'c IS ~I dilTere ll ce. It i~n : t to t)
dinicllit 10 pl'lcc~ II finger 011 the right spot. jJl'lltlklynitt,В·s
011'1' 1I1I1I..:h lIIore consciOIlS of th eir boroll l;: ll alld tilke a
g reater pride in it than do res idents of th e other bo rou f:)hs.
P'lrt of it, perhaps, is I)fOmpt ed by the nalurill instinct
luwards selfВ· defense one feels when criti cized ; stat isti cs
supply the rest of the <lllswer. 'l'h e population of ManВ·
hattnn is constantly chan g ing. From th e most pop ulo lls
boroug h ManhaHnn no\\' finds itself slidin g to fo urth
positi on. The a ve ra ge Manhattnnil.e mOves to a noth er
borollgh witlain II few years of his orig inal residence.
UIlt.i1 comp<lruli vely recentl y his ch o ice was Brooklyn,
for it combined mll ny of the conveni ences of Ma nh atta n,
with morc s pace for him to Ji ve in. Thc average res ident
of BrooklYII, on the other band l nl O\'cs in Hnd sta ys th ere.
Today the trend is from Manhuttnn 10 the Bronx, and to
Qllcells, and the probability is thllt the next gcnernt ion
there will be us possessive about th eir homes as ure
Broo klynit cs toda y.
Brooklyn sprawls aU over the southwcste rn tip of
LOlJg Island . . . fTom the boardwalk at famed Co ney
l,la nd to the Brooklyn N.,'Y Yard, oppos ite Manhatta n's
I llth Street. It is poss ible for a Brookl ynit.e to take lh e
suhway at Coney Island. lravel for twenty-six miles.
11I.l'ough M:llllmutHl, Queens, Brooklyn and th e Bronx
for five ccnt ~ . Possibly no other borou gh ha s ilS mall )'
different types of homes llnd so many rapidl y chan g illg
Fordham Univorsity's campus is one of th e more attractive
spotl in the Bronx.
The hansom cab is slill a favorit e in Manhattan', Central Pork .
23
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-:i<~ /~
./1
Claremont Inn. on upper Rivo rside Drive over looking the
Hudton n(lor Gront's Tamb, now Q restaurant, was Q Revolu.
tionary Wor home,
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lIl'i:.,dthorhoods. TllI'rt! an' !.kwh IIpon hluf.:b of 011,',
Lllnil~' 11011:-1':-, fulloWlВ·d by ruw:" of ;lpar'lIlt~llls, Iht'll
trWI'4' IIOII\l' ~ . HI O f e ;!pilrLlIIt'IiI S: IIUIJ :-K'-~ .
,uul
~Il UI! throllrhВ­
out duo! hur u lI)!!.. }\ud Ih el'c ~trc many lotal shopping
cent e rs, l.IIIt lhe chic::f al.LJ'''lclion is Borough Hall with
large depnTllllcnt stores and Ihellt-res rivalin g th eir :MallВ­
ha Lta n neig hbo rs in s ize.
On a h ot s umm er evening one of lh e most sens ible
Ihin gs a Ne w Yorker Cil n d o is to t~lkc th e Staten I sland
Fer ry. Here, fo r five ce nl s, he ca n get a half hour's ride
ove r Ihe cool waters of Ne \\' York HolY. \Vbcn he a rri ves
ilL Stnl cn 'Islan d (the b oro ugh of Richm on d) he I11U ~t
leave Ih e boat and p ay a nolh er n ickel to return 10 MIl IIВ­
h a t":Ol. If on ly fo r th e ferr y ride Ih e trip to Ri chmo nd is
decid edl y worthwhil e . . . un extra trea t is a closeup o f
the S tatu e of Liber t)' and , in normal lim es, a look at
the grent ocea n l iners as th ey go 10 sea ... toda y a vie w
o f man y of Ih e prides of our fleet.
S ta ten I slan d is lhe Jeast deve loped of the fi ve bor'
o ughs. It is ru gged , hill )', an d wooded. More a p a rt o f
ne igh bor in g New J ersey, it beca me part o f the CiLY ba ck
in the days when the Dut ch seLlIed Mnn hall ill1. The s to ry
goes th at if a Duich offic ial co uld r ow aro und th e isltllld
in less than n da), the p rope rl y b ecame New Yo rk's.
There nrc l ew apartm ent hou ses 1 many farm s. co untВ­
less s maU , private hO ll ses o n th e Jsland. It is th e o nly
secti o n of th e c it)' whe re jt is p oss ibl e to drive for as
long as fifteen minut es wiLhoUL pnss in g a s ing le ho use.
On S taten Island ure th e c ity's o ld est cemete ri es,
church es, und schools . . . so me in co ntinual use sin ce
col onial days. Statell Island, too, hus its vill ages. They
arc mu ch sma ll er a nd m o re rural in a tmosphe re Ilwn
lh ose of Queens. 'J'otl e nvill e, o n the so uth ern tip ove rВ­
loo kin g Sandy Hook. is typi ca l. Th e l\1:li n S treet ex te: nd s
fo r three o r fou r blocks; it ha s a lone, small movi e h 01l8C,
t ypicnl co untry slo res, . . . ~Ind that is TOllenville. SevВ­
ern l Illiles down the road the re is a nother co mmulJit y~
a nd so on. until the heil rt of the Is la nd l sli g htl y mo re'
p o pulous, is reached.
Transportation on Ihe l sland is e ith er b y railroa d fi r
b ll s. It takes mo re Ih a ll all ho ur on e ithe r to go from 0111"
end 10 th e other. On e of th e island 's chi ef cla ims to fam e i ~
T odt Hill, highest sp ot o n th e east coast fro m M:line to
Flori da.
There is so rnu ch that en n be sa id about New Yo rk
th il l vo lumes co uldn ' t do it j usti ce. llut the imp o rtant
thing to r emember is th at it ha s Ih e sa me people wh o li v('
On 0 hot night the Sioion Island Ferry is extremely popular,
but in mid-winter when it is mighty cold nOM dare the boy's
blo'is. . . . They ore all inside Ihe cobin.
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in T ulsa or R ouston, St. L ou is o r Atla nta. It has ~Olll('
fri endl y folks, othe rs unfri endl y.
Jt cloes ha ve subwa ys, n o t CO llllll o n in th e United
Silli es, it- does ha ve a g lill'er that man y AlIltric.:lu cities
l,wk, it is unu sunl .. . but scratch thc S llrra(~e and you ('/In
lind YO LJR
h 0 111(, lowu .
PEOPLE IN
THE NEWS
( L. F . YOUNG hus been rea ppo in led S up edllLelld enl o f
:"') JI ClJ Pipe Li ne Co rpo r:tti on's M id- Co ntinent A rea with
В­
hea dqua rters at Cushing, Oklahonm. H e returns to thi s
pos iti on afte r two years as S uperillt end ent of th e Texas. L. F. YOUNG
Gu lf Jlrea. M r. Yo un g Ites bce n "' ilh Shell since 1917, and pri o r to hi s e.Hlie r a pp oi nlmen t to til e M idВ·Co nli nent p os t in Mnrcll 1939, wa s, in tu r n, S u perinte nd ent of Co nSlru cl.i oll, S uperintendent of Tank Constru cti on, and '\ S8' t Superintendent at C ushin g .
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C. D. \\7JJ\KELMAN has heen appoi nled S uperillt endent or Slle li Pipe Line Cor poration's T exasВ·G ulf A rea ,,"'i lh hcadqu a rt.(В·rs at HOllslo n, T exas. 1\1[1'. \\7ink e lm:ln, a Slwll "llIpl o)'cc s in ce 1928, has been Supe rint endent of rl ..., tb)11U P ip e Line System s ince it s La rt ed o pe rati o n ill .I;t1I1Ii1r'~ , 1') IВ·a. In hi s new post be will co nlinue to gell В­
I В· ridl~' :-- 111'..:r\' i~e the Ba yo u System, which h us been made :I Di\ i ~ iull of th e TexasВ·C ulf A rea . Prio r to 1943 Mr. \\rillkfВ·lrll:111 was, ill turn , S uperintend ent o f the McCamey, \V(В· ~ t В·1 'I' xa sВ·Ne w :M ex ico Di vi s ion, and Ass istant 1.0 th e V ilВ·. ~. I)nВ· ;- illlВ·lll.
c. O.
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WINKELMAN
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I)C NВЈ B. IВ·IODGES, Ma na ge r of Transpo rl"'i oll and S uppli es, has " een g r:llrt.cd a leave oC abse nce to se rve as Associat e Directo r of the Supply and T rn nsporltltioll Di visioll of th e P ctro lcllrn }\d minis Lrati o n fo r \~/ar, at \\7as l,in glo n, .D. C. 1-"1.-. !l odges fill ended th e U n ivers it y flf Nebraska ~llld ca me wi lh ~ h cll in 1926 us a Clerk ill Ventu ra, Califo rnia. III 19.36 he beca me all Ad mi ni sВ· trati ve AssistHlll in th e .l.\ll nnufnclliri ng Departm enL at San Francisco, and three yea rs l;ate r beca me .'II} ExecuВ· t ive A ss istant i n the Vi ce Pres ident-s o rrice in that ci ty . 1\11'. H odges ca me to H ea d Orri ee in 1940 as j)'hlOa ger of S hippin g ;:Ind S uppli es De pa rtrn cnl' , and in .I.9tJ,2 became J\lfilllager of T. & S., which pos iti on he held until his leave of
ah ~I~ Ill'('. O. B. HODGES
2;)
AFTER HOURS A. M. Cowan, Indianapolis Marketing DiviВ· sian, hos already given eloven pints 01 his blood fo hi5 local Red Cross Siood Bank.
Mr. Cowan, veteron of len moJor bOllles in the first World War, is with Private
Cloud Srocy, wounded in the Sicilian comВ·
poign. Both were among the gucnts 01 0
dinner of 'he Indianapolis Gallon Club.
Mombership is limited to thoso who hove
given 0 901l0n or more blood.
Arthur T. Gorman , Connect icut Stole Attorney, presents tho Minute Man Aog to ftmployees of the Now Hoven office of the Basion Marketing Division_ Over two ,housand Wood River Refinery employee, gathВ­
ered to hear seve101 voleron Navy men describe battlos
in which they hod participated. The employees were
shown captured equipment 01 the Japanese and Nazis,
The Charlotte Pipe lin e Terminal crew, too, were recontly award ed the Minute
Mon flog lor 100% participation in
War Bond purchases.
A group of high .ronking Army . Navy, and govВ­
ernme nt officio Is visited Wood Rivor Refinery
recently to look over the construction of new
calalytic crocking units. left to right (front row)
Lt. Col. A. E. Johnson ; Major M. W. Levy (IorВ­
merly Manulacturing. Head Office): Lt. Col.
J. F. Hcnnenoy: Lt_ Col. F. A. Muhlenb.rg: Rear
Admiral H. G . Taylor. Commonder D. W. GillesВ­
pie , Lt . Commander J . S. Stevenson; Lt. N. S.
Storgaord . In the bod row (I. to r.) oro J. B.
Haight, War Manpower Commiuion ; J. C . HobВ­
day and J. F. Padd e n, Defense Plant CorporaВ­
tion; Max Millar and J. H. Rouse, Potroleum
Administration lor War; and E. D. Cumming ,
former Vice-Presidont, Manufacturing. now DirocВ­
tor of Rofining lor P. A. W.
Mid_Conlinont employe es gave on oldВ­
fashioned ' ;me ll c r-dramo " for thcir
fellow employc(It and fo r loldiers at
Camp Gruber, O~lahomo . Among the
"actors" wore (I. to r. J Mary De
Groff. Land Dftporlme nt,and
Editor 01 Mid -Continont',
Shell Roar : C . L. Stinnett ,
Mariollen Summ on, and
right Harry C . Ee ts 01 PerВ­
sonnol.lndustrial Re lations.
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WITH THE COLORS
1',1. .I . \\ . S.ch:lJwr
':J ilf,"01 Nugent
)'\1. ~\l or r i s ~ 1.
C. Livin gsto n . p,,!. Lesler l lavard p,.!. II. H is ill owcr. P"I. L. B. Oaks . . p,.1. J. C. Vlllier B. Sykes
Trnc)' Bea ll ~l cdd c r8 A/ S
Pvt . Eldoll F. Humme r .
T. W. Crunk.
P' I. .I . J. Terry
F. J. Meckel A/ S
W. E. Begley AI
W, S. TO ll iso n A/ S
S. Fcrra l'i
Ca p tain G eorg e l. T. Hu ,tcod , MidВ·Continent
A rea, is statione d at tho Quorio rmO$lor Sehool
c l Camp Loo, Virgi nia.
1. \ . Edh ...В· d~.r\ S
L IJ. Spalding ..
j' ."11
,,\l b ul :I I)i \j , ioll
Eplp),
Olin II. Remmert
p ,1. Evcrt'll E. Boslcr
1',-1. l..conllrd L. Will inge r
J\ 1f,'(>d TarneT " / S
J. Jvilnsoll A/ S. P VI .
1",llII lIlI ""li, I)h
G. S. C!'ider
Pvt. n. J. Prange
F. C. GU ill et . .
E. B. Meek A/ S
C. .M. Cochrnll A/ S.
PVI. C. II . Wrighl.
p\(. C. II. Merhl
I'. C. Hiden!
11. J\. Il urlillun
~ lid В·CO li l ill (, 1I1 )\ 1'(':1
, MidВ·ConrinCIl L \1',":1
bi idВ·Co ntin(, lIl \ . ..11
MiliВ·Conl intlll J\. r a
II ouston Hdinl'l }
1',1. C(''O . E. ThOIUI)SOIl
1"'\1.
n. E.
Wl,ycrs
1-I 0 1l5tOIl Hdin t'l ),
I. Wl . j\liller A / S .
HoustOl1
1I 0liSI0Il
Ii 0uSIO il
Ii ouston
L. n. Smi.h A / S ,.,
K. L. B;'un ins AI
A. L. Cuyman
Hdin i'I)'
H"fiIlP' Y
H,.fin' В·1Y
Hcfi l1l' l y
.H ousto n Rclillt'ry
Ii ouslon H dill ("~'
Tex(lS Gulf J\I f'!I
Wuod Ri ver RIВ·fi ,... 1 Y
Wood Hh'er Hdilll" \'
Wood R iver Hefill t' l ~
Wood River n efi,w, y
\Vood Hi\(~ r Hcfinen'
Wood Hiver Refin e")'
WOfI./ n iver Rcfin('f)'
Woud Hi" cr Rcfi lli'ry
Wood Hi "er Refin er}'
. Wood Hi ver Refi ne. )'
. Wood Hi"cr Rcfi ll CI-y
. . Wood HilВ·(В·r n.. finery
\'\' ood Ri wr H,В· fin ery
K. I. Scroggi lls
C. A. Lillie
Hn) Grammel
II . n. Denner A / S
\1. J. \l y&all
O. E. Wi lli ams A/ S
,,"u..d
\\"food
Wood
\,\"/ood
Wood
Wood
Wood
, ... Wood
., Wood
., .. Wood
.. 'Wood
.. Wood
Wood
. . Wood
Wood
В· Wood
Woo, I
J. \\'. Wi lli ams A/ S
\'t' oMI
H. E. Tj:lden.
R. C. C ;IIe1.nd AI
C. J . Suhl ;ng A/ S
O tl ...:1 \'t' ilkc.rson J\/S
nt 'fl n S mi th ,
W. E. Bennett
.I . L. Leverel ! AI
. A. Seely .
H. I.. Tunu' "
\Vood
Wood
Wood
Wood
В· Wood
\'(/ood
Wood
В· Wood
Wood
)
HiH'r HI В·fin er)
HiveI' HdilH:r}'
Hi,'or
Hi H:r
Hi l er
Ri\ cr
Ri,В·c.r
River
Hi ver
Hi ver
River
Ril'cr
Hiw'r
Ri ,er
Hi \cr
Hi w; r
Ri ver
HilВ·c.r
Ri,В·cr
HiH!r
Ri H:.r
Ri ver
Hi\В·cr
Ri ver
n i\ cr
Ri"cr
Hi,,::,'
Hcfin cr)'
Hcfinery
Refin ery
Refi nery
Refin ef)'
Refinery
Refin ery
Refin ery
Refine r)'
Refi nery
Refi nery
Refi nery
Hefi nery
Hdincl' ),
Refi nery
Refin ery
Refi l1 ery
Refinery
Refi llcry
Hl'fi ncf)'
Rcfi nery
(( cfiner),
80fo ro entering the Army he was a stod
Ihe 51. Louis Marke ting Division .
cle rk in
Re fin er~'
Hcfi nery
nl'finery
Aviation Code I T. D, May .....as a d ispatchor in
Produ c ts Pipe Line , H ood O ffi ce. He h05 comple te d
hi s bos;c training. is now 01 Gottysburg. Po ,
"'В­
/
~
~II~I.'
-. ' ----В­
~
./
.
W. J . DOlJce t. 8m 2/ e (Toxos-Gulf Areo), j, slo В·
tion e d at Port Huon omo. California.
Lt. A . W. We nd . formor Geophysicist in TelasВ·Gu lf
Area , i5 01 Camp Tyson. Tonn ossoe. Lt . Wo n c~. fran I,
is one of tho memben of the 80rrogo Balloo n School
Rifle Team.
Private Edward A. Pr ice , Wood River Refin e ry, is
with a Signol Corps Comera Un it engaged in mo~В·
ing O .W.I. movies.
'}n
'-
.
~' -:
Lt. Cal. W . C. " Bill " Smith en lered Ihe Marines as a captain in
1 9~O. He is personnel officer at Camp Ell iott, Son Diogo, Co li.
forno , Col. Smith was Fue l Oil Manog or in Ih e Indian apo lis
Ma r ~eling Divi sio n be fore going on acliv ~ duly.
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
2f)
-"
I
SERVICE
•
•
•
TWENTY
BIRTHDAYS FI VE
YEA R S
•
•
•
)
II.. "' :-;Ot: nRO"'В­ .
llal1lftlm:
•
r•.
AARO:-;
CrAl khll:
F
UOlSTO~
,
DI\' 15 10:В­
HO USTON JlEF'INt; Rl'
.
.
)lEAD O,,' FICВЈ
nOSTON DI\'18 10N
-
ro.
~.
IJ Ofj l.M,\Y .
D08TON D I \" 18 10:'"
~ TI,,\NT.'"
DI VI SION
~lIrk oll l nl
~;.
w. PENT ERMAN D. A. BRUGH
Fe bruary, 1944 MidВ·Conlinent Area Product ion Fobrua ry, 1944
Mid-Conlino nt Area
La nd Dop' l.
BOSTON I)!Vl l; lON
T . 1'111 ,\1)1 .1:1'
)-
T
WEN
T Y
YEA
R
S
.-\ . L . llItQ I)F; OI t
MarllaUDI
UO~'rON
O. S. ull uall
BOSTON On'l !; ION
01\'1$10";
1I0081'ON IlJ:Ii', N}; IIl'
1:n,InВ«rln,
W. T. Il UTLI.:1t
Ml rll&llIl"
<
ATr...u."'rA DIYUnON
MidВ·Continont Aroo
Personnel
Wood RiYor Rofinery
Light Oils
Produc tion
Enginoering
Eng inee ring
.
•
1l:t:A..D O....В·I C!'
DOSTON D IV IS IO N
8. COl) tXlA
])08TON DIYJSION
February, 1944
Norco RclinC!rY
COL.~
..
J:n.lnoetlua
J.
w.
lIO IJI$'rON
nEFJNE I'~l'
En gi neoring
Fobruary , 19....
MidВ·Co nlinent Aroo
Produ c tion
•
BOSTON D l\' IS ION
MI SI; M. 0, COOK
1llrktotlnl
IIEA.D Oli'ln o ВЈ
I•. CO UO LIN .
Mlrhllo l
HOSTON DI \' 1810N
CO IU.t~ ."':1.1
BOSTON 0lV1 8 10N
bOSTO,; DlVISION
) lIrke tiDII:
:IU
P. J . REBOWE
February , 1944
Norco Re Finery
To pping & Asphalt
A . L. NEFF
January, 19....
St. lou i, Div ision
Mor~el ing
S. A . FLINT
Fe bruary, 19....
Albany Divilian
Mork.ting
8 . Ol;NNl!(to\
noosTOS
J . J . MeNEIL
Ma rklUn,
BOSTON D I\' I$ I ON
r:. :0.
QI.ENDt; NN INO
Maou raeturlnlj
..
m :FJNERY
S EW~n f:N
I. A. )l nWlri ll'r
!l.IJD - OONT(N~: N T
ProIluellon
11'. J . OI.'fNN
HEAD
OFFI C.~
BOSTON DIVISION
J . W. G UADT"
Z.
I~.
,,' , lIARSCHNE II
)Ilrkeli n,
G. T. ) IASO:-:
Treu ur,.
Q. D, D,\\rl lj
HOU81'ON R&i' II>o"EnY
ElIllneerl nl:
m.
DOSTO"; DrVlS10";
Tr.:t'.o \SВ·OO LII'
n:XMj-GOl.F A IU;,",
C. I•. n AN"NA
HOUSTON It &li'[NEllY
W. t':. HASSI; I.I.
tl bell "lilt 1.1114 COrp .
TE..'U. S
GOL~'
DO IJ8TON UJ:.J'JNEnY
•
A . WILLIAMS
Fe b ruary, 194..
Chica go Di vi,ian
n
lL DElITClIJof.AN
1olal1lel.l o,
BOSTON DIY1SIOX
(I
A. DJ;LANO .
JJOSTO:-; 1)I\'1SI0 :-;
DY'}II'!; El- .
Ma rllellnl
HOSTOS Dl\' Jg l ON
I•. S. llA 1tIUfJ
Joflrllellne
J)OSTON D !''' l SION
UEN ii L~Y
nO IJ'8TON REF ll'o'"ВЈ1lY
J. J . m Ci(.J.fAN
Tr.. lInl
nOOSTON R!:I'n'I'El""
I •. J . nOAO
1.
n.
lnLl..t3
1lal1llliDI
I:.
n.
)0 LL&II .
Mal1lll lnr
nOSTO'; DI\'I8 10N
""l11t lln lC
nl\,.,m nt;Ii'I N I! UY
UOSTO~
C. J . MONArIA N
Jollrk etlnr
O IYf S ION
DOSTON DIYI:;ION
O. n. MONKJIO US E
A(lNNt! AI'O L1S DIVIS10N
),l arklUn, 4MIII\_"" Itnl)
n. L.
),IONTQO)l'f: flY
Produell l'l poe Lilli
В·
U . n. MOOIIВЈ
.
AO'D l1R N. lLl•.
W EST TEXAS ARKa.
Jof. A. . )fORA..'1
Mal1lllll'l ll:
.
X. O. ).1011 1118
U OUffrON
.
UOSTON D IV IS IOВ·: \
nEf'IN ~~R1'
nOI.... 'E8
lfir ket llll
MlJIU'lrT
Mlt1cdl ne
В·
.
IlEAl) 011'11'10 ;
OOSTON OH'1SION
• UEA.O OIi'rICE
D. n. Mcl'o' AMAlU
Marttlill'
UOSTON DIYISION
CM: n:I.AN1) 1)I"VJ8 10N
.1.. C. NF,\В· F.IS
Mll1Ittlnl
.
JlU!\'T
M_lk ell",
w . Jr.
W. D. ) fU fiUA Y
Marll eLln&'
N ); W
yo il K
O n ' I S ION
O. D. Nft;T1I.uUU:1t
.
OOSTON
O I Y1S I O~'
DET BOIT D I VIS ION
Mlrket ln.c
J. T. JANt",.!;CO .
r.h rkeUn.
IJ OSTO:; 01"1 8 10N
11. T. 11:.<\ UCIIE II
l l l r!r:etlq
nOSTON DrYISt ON
,\ . 1. KKW.En
WALTl'LВ»f. lL.\ 8S.
l. P.
NA lI~'10UN
n OSTO,; Dl\'laJON
Mlrkt,lnl
W . NI01O:1I80 N
DOSTON DIY ISION
Jofal kli ine
T. I,. KEM !'
MIS8 C. A. NOUM.AN
Penonnfl
• HE.AD Ob·YJCB
• . 1lEA D OFFICE
I.e. C. NOUTON
)'Iarkll ln,
NEW YonK D rvl S10!'o"
t .. O. K NIGGE .
Ell.clntf.rl na:
n OUSTON RElo"lNEII Y
L . n. NOY'};a
),larkt'lnt
BOSTON D.-V'l.S ION
I •. 0\ . KNII' I' IN(; •
WOO)) lU\'l;n m :"' Nt;ny
T. n. N OO&.''T .
M"arkt llnJ:
n osTO:-.' OlVI SIO:-"
w. J . J..AlfB
.
1\'l:w YOII R DfnSIO:-;
W. I;. NUO&,...., .
Treat ur,.
n ~:AD
OFl"'lCt:
m: ~~ INt: " Y
G. l'. NU'M'AI.I.
Hf:.\D
orr.CJ:
) farketl u,
Wc)OI)
DOSTON 01\,1$10:-;
1I0BTON DIVI SI ON
ENll nttrl nl
DOI>O'"
nOSTON 01\"$101'0
t~l nH'l nl
) hrlleUna
Martlel ln,
HOUSTON REIffl\' CIlY
ShtJl 1' llIt I.I nt CorP.
PTodUCtl !' Illt U n. (MIII~f,.II"e)
J.
IH; nw I N
U al n o nlefl
.
IJOS'rON J)1\"18 10N
It, Q. 11,\ N IW .
n. G.
February, 190404
n 0 08TO!' llEJl"INEnY
( ~WILllr1 I.otl"')
A. It . 11 .1. \I !;1.
w . J~.
t[&AD OFB'lCE
)J al1letlnc
!\.t. U. II A3111111CK • . .
~h d' l ' l llt Unt Corp.
O. •.0\.
.
Cracklnl
IIAG~lI
UOSTO"; D n ' !f:UON
nEAD Oll'l/'lOl-:
Olo'b'I C I~
DOSTON DIVISION
J . r . JJO'}D I EL
MlTllellq
.
In:A.O
C. ) lcCA111'11"\'
Mark, Un.
.. J. CIION lN
Ml rktth lll:
,
.
HO USTON n EJ'L..... ElIY
OOSTON DI""-1810:-"
11
T. F. AWTREY
January, 19....
Telos-Gulf Ar.-a
Production
M cQ.AII'}oВ·R&','
T. • 8.
~1 &J'k,tJlI"
l)OSTO,; DIVJ810N
!l.1.LD В· CQNTl1>."};::-;T
A. II. OAIII1I80N
AU '18uPtot'lnt.enden l
D . O. c nO!l.fJlu:
lI..-ktll nc
•
J. M . LONGINOm
February, 19...
H ead Offic.
T. & S.
,,~.
Ellllnft.rlm:
W. D. COUNS I;L.L.t; 1I
Mor~eljng
L. C . SLATEN
Fe bruary, 19....
St. louis Division
Marketing
J.
Tnrmlnl
.A.. Dt:F U.IPI'O
.\l ark ,U n.
W. L. CANNON
nOf;-I'O N Ul V'IS ION
I'rodui'llon ()lIIl ltr1 I_ yo)
1I00S1'ON nВЈ i'UВ·..''&!lY
C'ONl\OllS
;\Iarkt lhu.:
H. A . o a nTI N .
Mid-Conlinont Area
Production
.
Ml rktU nl
M arke~l nl'
G_ C. DWIGGENS
A. E. BREWER
R. HUNTER
February , 1944
Fe b rua ry , 1944
Fe brua ry, 19....
Mid -Continent Area W o od Rivor Refine ry Wood Rive r Refinery
Dispatching
Engi neeri ng
8. A. O .....IOEI"I..A,
I) blllc.chlna
I'. ooOl:OA
Mlr ketlnll:
В·
])OSTON Dn' I SION
J. 11". If:ECO.<\N ,
01.Ou(a l
UO wrON 0 1\'1810!'o"
A . ).11c.DON AI. O
Ml rkeUn,
UOSTON DIVISION
II. t;. COX
L. P. FALGOUT
...T I..A....--r.\ O IVIS ION
I,'Il KOY.1I 1(В·KIj
Merketlnl
J . \\'. If .\''~ .~
Markill n,
~r.
.
m; ~' IN);Ul'
TteuuT'J'
\'. C. )lAT'DE.ItIW
t~q ln ..rlnl
!l.larketlDI
JOHN STRAWN
Feb ruary, 1944
Texos-G ulf Areo
Production
J:.
l lOUSTON
MISS V. nOT11 I.YNer!
nO!tTON OlV!SION
S.
S. A. HERBERT
Fobruary, 1944
H l!od OfficI'!
TOll В·Claims
Nt.:w l 'O I! K I) IYI S10:-;
.... LI1.O'M'f: . ,
1larkeUn,
1>. D. Q1U II'YIX .
:'llrktUn,
t:.
"
0 1\' 18 10N
6.1.6ANl' O IVISION
II. t~. COLLINS
JoI.. ln c>mot
W. S. MARTIN
February, 1944
Mid-Continent Area
•.
"' arti line
C. S. L.I!'o"DS £: \' . •
Enllneerln,
n. CA!IVETII
O. M.
F.J.PEEK
T. E. H OO PER
Fobruary, 19....
Fe bruary , 19-В«
Mld.Continon! Aroo Wood River Rofinery
U O!frO~
1" U \'l~
.-\, FIIA8.&R
J
HO USTON JI&F.I:-;t:lIl'
n.ll~IOIU
JJOSTON DI\'I$ IO!'o"
Marknln,
A.G.LEWIS
February, 1944
Mi ciВ·Continant Areo Mid В·Contin ont Area
Product io n Go s Plonl
1I }:A.o OF I'ICI;
),(ar!ltltn,
lIarlltl illl(
R. W . LEMMON
Fobruary, 1944 3. L. U ;\\'1 8 . .
C. ... nUllKE
l larhlln,
n.
A. W.GRAW
N!bruory , 1944
,
'1'. . . S.
)brlla tiDI
R. H . MEDLAR
Fo bruary, 1944
.
11. I? 1,'.\ It II J;l.t.
G. 11 .
1I08TON 1)1\В· 1i;.I O::-;
Indutlrlal
J)1 .~\ctIln.
;\Iark el lD'
f:. n. IJUOW'X I:O;O
I tF.F'I:~"}:IIY
Markollnl
!ohrk u lnl
H.
IHlI' !-'TOl'
J . (:. l: I(' 1I 0IlN •
'\I&rilIUnl
!\.I ark~ll n,
"
1.):11,,1'1.: .
l larllt llnt
'1' .... S.
!l.hrkethtl'
'N. C. lIon.TON
II. J .
111В·Pl\.('IIITI.
BOSTON Dl\rl SION
<
EARS
1:o..' D1ANA.I'O I.l :O( 0 1\' 18 10 N
J. t;. t:t. I.IS
I'ubllo Ic.laUMI
11'. BUCKLEY
Y
Marllnln.
O. G. J)1::f;KUAN
Markel ln ,
G. O. IU OOAJt .
1FT E E N
G. 'I'. I,,\WIH:NI' F:
l4la lottl'ln.
WOOl) IlIn:U
T. &
~
31
"
11 1.1 .. .1:
I'Hl'llu,
I: I'
1;1 I."
1'1 :"'.\ ~
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e nlln.. ~fill' ( \1I 1i 111')'
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1>1\
PAI.d. IT Il
)lar,,"lna
W ,.
IYJ..AC~;
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e lll CAGO
"llIn;
I)I\"'I S I ()~
1I 0~TO:.'
/1:, IlYAU.s
BOS'J'ON D]\' IS tON
I .. IiM'I IHiIlS
( l . r,'.
•
IIm,TON 0 1''I :S IVN
I>~.
.... II O В· COXTI:-,В· .:NT
11,
nOSTON
..
II0l' $TON II t; "'IN.; ny
n I). IIANtl UE Il
t:.
"~:X,A8
(lU I.b"
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Jl'OU8YTJlt:
" Iuilelln,
I';. II. nu u ) II Y
No n co
nt: n!,~: n\'
WOOD H I \' t:n ItВЈ''В· I=' .~ lt \'
. ,
J)!Jr.-tehllll IlU lltar1
0, n. w o r.\"EItTON
HOSTON DIV IS ION
INO IANAPOI. IS DI\'ifUON
1I0 IJSTON
n&Ii' I ~ ~: It\'
w. c ,
,\11 1:.1
DI;T ltOIT D 111 5 10;\
110 1181'08 ItErll\'I;;/l 'В­
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.
,
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1'1:X A8 -(;1' I .I ' A111 ; '
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) IOU STON
P . O'N f:.\I.
1t.: "~I N I~.l'I\'
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A. J', 1'ВЈ,I.Lt:=! II N
IIOU RTON nEb'u'\"l: I:\,
'I II I~A
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lt l \' I~.I :
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.~n.lt\IMrlll#
I: \ , l'Oltl;RT I:II .
T':X ,, ~ , on.,В· ,l ltl' \
~hf ll " hI(! I.IIM> ("(>f....,..tlvc,
100
ATLANTA DIVISION
100
TEXASВ· GUlf
88
MIDВ· CONnNENT
93
SHEll AMERICAN
CHICAGO DIVISION
100
97
HOUSTON REfiNERY
91
MINNElPO,IS DIVISION
99
98
ST. LOUIS DIVISION
94
SEWAREN
100
....111) CO:;'T I N'.;NT
II OUBTO"
O. II Al'R
n~;t~I N I ; lIY
O ltpltr:hlnlt
JlQuwrO:-: n l::llb"lt: IW
W. I, II0B 61N 5'I
WOOD IU\' E n
In:: n~"'f:l:\
110 P~TO~
nEI1'IX&lo\'
1 ~'"
HOIJSTON
]H:;}~lj'\ I: II'~
11 . O . nor.
~~DllnMlrln.
w. u
ItO(U; u 8
T):X ,M~,CCL1"
Am:,\
OI .В· O..ollna
ro,
'n ,:,x AS В· O Ol ,I',' " lt l:,\
.1.
n.
HO I .I.n~8
.
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..
f:l\llnttrlll,
lUI........
It 11 . n U811
N onc o m;lnNI:n Y
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l':rullnВ«rln,
WOOO
\U\' .~ II
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,
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,
.
CrI"I('M:o 1....1),
I' rodoc/.J ..lilt! I. lne
(' lli.,; ,\ OO DI VIS ION
W ..... KU H)n;''IlAN
An ,'
HOGSTON, n:XA !j
I:. J . (l . l Il TCm:I.I..
HOUSTO!\' IllTI NE: UY
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WOOD RIVER REfiNERY
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90
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100
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100
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